Elizabeth: October 1571

Pages 541-556

Calendar of State Papers Foreign: Elizabeth, Volume 9, 1569-1571. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1874.

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October 1571

Oct. 1. 2058. Mr. Cunningham's Demands.
Desires in the Regent of Scotland's name that the Queen of England will supply him with money to pay his soldiers, together with cannon ammunitions, 300 pioneers, and 1,000 foot soldiers. In case she does not think good to send her own people, he requests that she will send money to entertain the same number of Scots.
Endd. by Lord Burghley. P. 1.
Oct. 2. 2059. Queen Elizabeth to the Earl of Marr.
Very well allows of his excuse for his delay in writing to her; and is glad that he is chosen as Regent. With respect to such things as Cunningham has moved to her, and Sir William Drury reported to her, although before she earnestly desired that the King should be preserved, howsoever matters might have been accorded by treaty for the Queen his mother, yet she has lately discovered such pernicious practices of the said Queen against her person and estate, that she is resolved not to deal any further by treaty or otherwise in her favour to have any rule. Means to help them to an universal quietness by a general obedience to the King. Lord Hunsdon will have power to treat with them. Recommends the Lady Lennox's causes to his favour, and also the punishment of the murderers of the late Regent.
Draft in Burghley's writing. Endd. Pp. 2.
Oct. 2. 2060. Sir William Drury to Lord Burghley.
Panton, the Bishop of Ross's servant, has brought matter wherewith they of the castle are very well pleased. He says that his master is at liberty, and there is a good sum of money coming to them, and that they shall be furnished from time to time. Virac is much misliked with them by the discovery of the contents of his letters, seeming to mislike of their government, and advising his master to seek the other side, whom with money he might win. A letter from the Duke and the others to the French King is also intercepted. There is a league of friendship signed and sealed between the Earls of Huntley and Athol. They mind now to defend the town to the adventure of their lives. The Lairds whom they term barons of the King's party greatly mislike that the Provost of St. Andrew's and Sir James Balfour's father should either be judged or detained by soldiers. The Laird of Ormiston has also a quarrel against the soldiers for imputing unto him cowardice. The skirmish between young Carmichael and them of the castle was very fierce and cruel. All who were taken were hurt, and one of them is he whom Grange got out of the Tolbooth, who killed the man on Leith sands. Divers parts of the bridge are yet unrepaired.—Berwick, 2 Oct. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 2¾.
Oct. 4. 2061. The Queen to Sir William Drury.
Has commanded 4,000l. to be sent to him, which he is to cause to be as secretly as may be paid to the Regent. If he finds it is not necessary he is to stay the delivery thereof till the coming of Hunsdon, and by good words keep them in comfort.
Draft in Burghley's writing. P. ¾.
Oct. 4. 2062. Magistrates of Hamburg to the Queen.
Beg that she will allow their agents to export 400 lasts of wheat and flour from her realm.—1571, 4 Oct.
Add. Endd. Lat. Pp. 1¼.
Oct. 5. 2063. — to the Elector Palatine.
Informs him of the desire of the French King to strengthen the bonds of friendship between himself and the German Princes, by entering into a treaty with them, for the conservation of religion, and ensuring the tranquility of Christendom. —Blois, 5 Oct. 1571.
Copy. Endd. Lat. P. 1.
Oct. 6. 2064. Lord Scrope to Lord Burghley.
Has according to his instructions written to Sir John Forster and Sir Simon Musgrove, to appoint a place of meeting where they may devise for the quieting of these frontiers. Has again committed Richard Lowther to safe custody, and on Thursday he shall set forward as prisoner, under the conduction of his brother Edward Scrope and George Lamplughe. Has advised Lord Herries according to the Council's pleasure. —Carlisle, 6 Oct. 1571. Signed.
Add. Endd. P 1.
Oct. 6. 2065. Sir William Drury to Grange and Lethington.
As by the discovery of certain high and dangerous practices, the Queen's Majesty's disposition towards the furtherance of the Scottish Queen's case is altogether altered, it will be best for their safety and honour to desist from any further debating in these seditious divisions, and wholly yield themselves to the King's obedience, who is likest to rule them whatsoever opinion they otherwise may nourish. The circumstances which may induce them to believe their estate and cause to be desperate are many and manifest, which the bearer may declare. Prays them to embrace this counsel, for he assures them that force is eminent upon them utterly to their extermination.—Berwick, 6 Oct. 1571.
Copy. Endd. P. ¾.
Oct. 8. 2066. Walsingham to Lord Burghley.
1. His letters of the 17th and 20th September came in very good season, for there is most earnest soliciting by the Ambassador, the Lord Fleming, and Douglas for present aid to be sent into Scotland. Took occasion by presenting the Earl of Rutland at his leave-taking to make the Queen Mother acquainted with so much of the same as he thought fit, and told her that he would declare to her the state of England, not as an Ambassador but as a private gentleman. First, he made her privy to what had passed between M. De la Mothe and the Duke of Norfolk, as well touching the money as the packet conveyed to Verac; also he acquainted her of the discourse sent by the Queen of Scots to the Duke of Norfolk, and that De la Mothe's unseasonable sending for an audience to have moved Her Majesty for the enlargement of the said Queen did not best like her. Concluded with the advice given to the Queen of Scots by the Duke of Alva, as well for her own marriage as her son's, as also not to depend any longer upon France. Said that he was sorry to hear that De la Mothe had intelligence with the Duke, who was discovered to be a most dangerous subject, and that he should be so earnest in seeking the Queen of Scots' liberty, who was to the Queen so dangerous an enemy, which he feared might breed in her the opinion that the friendship professed was not altogether sincere. Wished that the King of France in seeking the Queen of Scots' liberty would have some regard to the Queen of England's safety. To this the Queen Mother answered that her son would not have De la Mothe deal in anything that might prejudice the Queen, and that the money which was sent over was none of his but part of the Queen of Scots' dower. Touching the soliciting of the Queen of Scots' liberty, she showed him that as well in respect of the ancient league with Scotland as the alliance by marriage, they could in honour do no less than recommend her cause, which she protested they never did with intention any way to prejudice Her Majesty. Walsingham desired her to consider whether the amity of England might not be as beneficial to France as that of Scotland, which was more chargeable than profitable, which besides they might have by joining the Queen in the maintenance of the young King's government there. He also pointed out that the indignities committed by the Queen of Scots released the King's honour from protecting her, and after mentioning other considerations he desired that they would remit seeking her liberty till after the coming of the gentleman whom his mistress meant to send. I. and K. being by him so requested, dealt very earnestly with her in this behalf. Douglas in his return to this court was accompanied from Antwerp to Brussels by the Earl of Westmorland and a dozen others of the rebels, and was put in comfort by the Duke of Alva, that there should be somewhat done for the assistance of the Queen of Scots' faction in Scotland. Junius, the Count Palatine's servant, has shown him that the French King intended to conclude a league with the Protestant Princes, and wished that the Queen of England would join therein. By a secret mean has learnt that Lord Fleming has discovered upon great trust the following to a friend of his. That they hope shortly that the Earl of Northumberland will be stolen out of prison. That they have so great a party in England, as having 3,000 harquebusiers and certain armour and ammunition, they will be able to set at liberty the Queen of Scots and put her in possession of the Crown of England, which had been attempted ere this had not the Duke of Alva been jealous of France. That they have intelligence in three port towns northwards, naming only Newcastle. That the Earl of Westmorland has sundry times advertisement out of the north, the most part of that country being at his devotion. That the Duke of Alva made little account of the said Earl at his first coming, but now has increased his pension. That he has made request for support of the French King, whereunto as yet he hath made no answer. The instrument whom he uses in this behalf has promised to discover more. Is advised by Her Majesty's friends here for certain respects (that they will not tell him) to forbear to deal in the marriage until the coming of him whom the Queen means to send.— Blois, 8 Oct. 1571. Signed.
Add. Partly printed by Digges. Pp. 7.
Oct. 8. 2067. Walsingham to Lord Burghley.
Before his access to the Queen Mother he conferred with M. De Foix, showing him the good disposition of the Queen of England to proceed in the marriage, and that he was sorry to understand that the Duke was not affected to marry. He confessed that— made him stay from concluding and advised him to deal with the Queen Mother in that behalf, which he did. She would in no way confess that there was any other let but religion. He desired her to be better informed for that he perceived by letters from his private friends and the Queen that she was never better inclined that way. Next day she desired K—to advise how she might make a match between the Queen of England and the Duke of Alençon, who dissuaded it utterly, saying it would only breed disdain. Will do what he can to revive the matter but despairs thereof. Has just received his letters whereby he perceives that the Queen can be content to yield in toleration but means to reserve the same to himself, unless he sees more towardness here. Would be glad to know his opinion how to salve the matter to the Queen, the Duke of Anjou utterly refusing the match, all being granted that he desires. Lignerolles before his master reasoned that the right of England was in the Queen of Scots. Douglas since his return has greatly commended her beauty, and is grown to be very familiar with the Duke. The Queen Mother seems to be more affected to the Queen of Scots than lately she has been. The Marshals with the King and Monsieur have resolved upon the enterprise of Flanders; she with Morvilliers has bred a stay, pretending that it were fit before they proceed to know how the Queen of England is affected. Some doubt that it is a pretence, for the Count Retz has had long and secret conferences with her, who is a great friend to Spain and a secret enemy of the match. Sends an extract out of a letter of the Cardinal Pelve's [Pelleve], dated in March last, by which he may perceive what are the intentions of the churchmen if the Kings of France and Spain accord. Nothing will more decipher the Queen Mother than the coming of him whom the Queen means to send. Finds none willing to deal any further in the match. Has thought good in the letter which is to be shown to the Queen, to say somewhat to content her if it may be. The Queen Mother now takes exceptions to the answers made to the coronation and administration of government, which he supposes she thinks will serve as a visard to hide the Duke's refusal. The party whom he uses towards the Lord Fleming is De Lanlue, who, with much ado, is brought to betray his friend; notwithstanding, in the end knowing how it might prejudice the common cause of religion, he promises to do what he may. Has given him the names of the suspected [rebels]. Begs Burghley to reserve his name to himself. The Queen of Scots has too many friends to have anything kept secret.—Blois, 8 Oct. Signed.
Add. Endd., with seal. Partly in cipher. Pp. 3.
March. 2068. Extract from a Letter of the Cardinal Pelleve.
As for the marriage of the Queen of England and Monsieur, which is the practise of "notre apostat," the latter is not willing. He would not be the King, but only the Queen's husband. The Duke is very diligent and patient in his actions, devout, and with a perfect hatred of heretics. If the Kings of France and Spain would accord, there would be great hope of a marriage between Monsieur and the Queen of Scots, to which he is well disposed, and by this means the Catholics in England might be set free, who also desire this [match].
Extract enclosed in Walsingham's of 8 Oct. Endd.: Du Cardinal Pelue. Fr. P. 1.
Oct. 8. 2069. Instructions for Henry Killegrew.
Directs him to repair into France and supply the place of Walsingham during his absence from the court for the recovery of his health. He is to thank the French King for the good part in which he has taken her friendly and plain manner of dealing with him in the negociation for which M. De Foix was sent, and tell him that she only defers sending to him until she more largely understands the progress of certain dangerous practises begun against her by the Queen of Scots. He is also to inform him of the conspiracy of the Duke of Norfolk, which under colour of restoring the Queen of Scots to liberty, meant to put her on the throne. Is comforted to find in all the said Queen's writings that in seeking foreign forces to invade England, none of the French King's ministers were made participant.
Draft by Burghley. Endd.: 8 Oct. 1571. Pp. 4.
Oct. 9. 2070. Sir William Drury to Lord Burghley.
Has sent to Lethington and Grange and used such persuasions as he might to induce them to quietness and accord. On the 4th, the Regent, accompanied with many noblemen and others to the number of 800 horse came to Leith. There are divers in Edinburgh suspected of intention to betray the town, and twenty or thirty apprehended, and some of them like to be executed. Those within have fortified, and also thrown down houses in the suburbs. There is a small vessel from Hamburg at Leith with brass pieces, four or five lasts of powder, some couriers, pistols, and corslets of proof, all which the Regent's party have bought.— Berwick, 9 Oct. 1571. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 1⅓.
Oct. 9. 2071. Lord Scrope to Lord Burghley.
Sends him a copy of his letter to Lord Herries with the latter's answer.—Carlisle, 9 Oct. 1571. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. ⅓.
Oct. 6. 2072. Lord Scrope to Lord Herries.
Has sent his letters to the Lords of the Council from whom he has recived Her Majesty's pleasure; which is that forasmuch as it plainly appears that the Scottish Queen and her ministers have entered into such practises and devices tending to the prejudice of Her Majesty and this realm, as she has good cause utterly to forsake the party of that Queen, and to assist and further the King's side and authority which she intends to do with all earnestness. He therefore advises him for his own surety to join the King's party.—Carlisle, 6 Oct. 1571.
Copy. Endd. P. ¾. Enclosure.
Oct. 8. 2073. Lord Herries to Lord Scrope.
Has received his letter, by which he understands the Queen of England's determination, and intends to send to the Earl of Morton, and by him offer to the Regent to join the King's party. Desires him to procure the Council's letters in his favour to the said Earls.—Terregles, 8 Oct. 1571. Signed.
Orig. Add. Endd. Pp. 1¼. Enclosure.
Oct. 10. 2074. Lethington and Grange to Sir William Drury.
His letter and message to them was of such might that they would have sent a gentleman to his mistress to have made such overtures to her as she would have allowed of, but could not obtain a safe passage for him at the hands of their adversaries. Beg his assistance in procuring a warrant to that effect.—Edinburgh Castle, 10 Oct. 1571. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. 2/3.
Oct. 10. 2075. Frederic Elector Palatine to Queen Elizabeth.
In behelf of Daniel Hochsteter, who with his wife and children intends to go to England and there practise the craft of copper mining.—Heidelburg, 10 Oct. 1571. Signed.
Add. Endd., with seal. Lat. P. 1.
Oct. 12. 2076. The Earl of Marr to Queen Elizabeth.
Thanks her for the good meaning and intention contained in her letters. Defers writing largely till after Lord Hunsdon's coming. The sooner the present enterprise is done the better it will be for both realms, and the less chargeable to her. Whatsoever the adversaries write to her as to be at her commandment, they mean nothing less, as by their letters to France intercepted may appear. The best means towards the punishment of the late murder will be the dissolving by her aid the mass of wicked men now compassed in the town and castle of Edinburgh, amongst whom are the authors and devisers of the murder of the King also.—Camp before Edinburgh, 12 Oct. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 1⅓.
Oct. 12. 2077. The Regent Marr to Sir William Drury.
Trusts that Lord Hunsdon is come down, and refers him for the state of matters here to the bearers John Case and James Cunningham.—Camp before Edinburgh, 12 Oct. 1571. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. 2/3.
Oct. 12. 2078. The Earl of Morton to Sir William Drury.
Thanks him for his good and friendly dealing, and refers him to John Case for information of the state of their affairs. The Regent has sent Cunningham to Berwick to attend upon Lord Hunsdon's coming.—Camp before Edinburgh, 12 Oct. 1571. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. 2/3.
Oct. 13. 2079. Mr. James Cunningham's Instructions.
1. Is instructed by the Regent of Scotland to declare to Lord Hunsdon, or in his absence to Drury, what great comfort they have received by the Queen's last letter, perceiving her mind to put their estate into an universal quietness by a general obedience to the King's service. Seeing that the adverse party have rejected her gentle admonition and offers, and that the Regent is in action for the recovery of the town of Edinburgh, he is directed to desire Her Majesty's support in money, men, munition, and other things. He is to ask for 200 pikes and 200 harquebussiers, and for 3,000 weight of corn powder, and one last of cannon powder, which is to be sent with all expedition.—Berwick, 13 Oct. Signed: James Cunningham.
2. Unless the aid come to them with all expedition they will think that they are but drifted off from time to time, and if the powder be not sent with all speed the matter there in hand will have an utter overthrow. Signed.
Marginal notes in Burghley's writing. Endd. by Drury. Pp. 2⅓.
Oct. 13. 2080. John Case's Mission into Scotland.
1. The answer of them of the castle is that for that they see no sufficient warrant from the Queen of England or her Council under their hands, the cause being so weighty they cannot resolve, but desire to send a gentleman to treat with her. For that they mean no delay, they say let the adverse party do in the meantime what they can, so that the Queen holds her hand from them.
2. The heads that their messenger shall treat upon are, first, for her to appoint some man of reputation with sufficient warrant to deal with them. They will not deal for their own security without that of their friends, nor leave them before they are sure upon divers heads; as about the money sent from France; the payment of their debts; and the protection of the Queen of England against any foreign princes.
3. Case says that they are in great heart against the adverse party, and will have no treaty with them, because they will not trust them. The town is fortified with a trench within the walls, and the lanes going into the high street are all cut, so that the town cannot be won without great slaughter. There is no want of victuals, and they have planted great ordnance in divers places. They make account of 700 and more men.
Endd. by Drury. Pp. 3.
Oct. 13. 2081. Strength of the Regent of Scotland's Party.
They are very willing to set forth to the winning of the town, but their wants are very great. They have seven pieces of ordnance, and but twelve barrels of powder, and shot to some forty and to some sixty, and no corn powder. They have not past five or six gunners. They have neither picks or shovels. Gives a list of the Earls, Lords, and Abbots with the Regent. The soldiers number 900, and 100 of Edinburgh well furnished at their own charges.
Endd. P. 1.
Oct. 13. 2082. Forces in Scotland.
Note of the number of soldiers in wages on the King's side and also in Edinburgh. Six bands of 100 men each on either side with the names of their captains.
Endd. by Burghley: 13 Oct. P. 1.
Oct. 13. 2083. The Counts and Dowager Countess of Emden to the Queen.
The failure of the harvest in Germany having brought about a great scarcity in their country, they desire that the bearer may have license to export 2 or 300 lasts of corn from England.—Grethsiehl, 13 Oct. 1571. Signed.
Add. Endd. Lat. Pp. 1⅓.
Oct. 15. 2084. Fiesco to Leicester and Burghley.
Thinks that Spinola will explain to them the cause of the delay in his return, and trusts that it will not breed any suspicion of him in them.—Brussels, 15 Oct. 1571. Signed.
Add. Endd., with seal. Lat. P. 2/3.
Oct. 15. 2085. Sir William Drury to Lord Burghley.
Captain Brickwell remains, being earnestly required to stay of the Regent for the better ordering of the forcible offences against the town and castle. Informs him of the result of Case's mission; the answer of them of the castle, and of the Regent's want of money and munitions, and desires directions. Commends the bearer Scudamore to his favour for his diligence and faith. Notwithstanding, his well deserving, he has nothing profited to his help of living. Prays him to prefer a petition of his own touching a surrender of the greater part of Smith's lands.—Berwick, 15 Oct. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 2.
Oct. 15. 2086. Sir William Drury to the Privy Council.
In reply to their questions he informs them that in the town of Edinburgh there are at least 700 good fighting men wanting no furniture for defence or offence. With the Regent there are presently 800 good shot in pay, but wanting money, powder, and ordnance, for the which they have addressed James Cunningham to him. In order to encourage the Regent and somewhat daunt the adver saries he caused a drum to sound a call for as many soldiers as will take pay through Berwick, where for such an exploit will be found no great number. Advises that if the Queen sends aid to them as the parties there are so seditious and inconstant, that the numbers may be of sufficient strength. —Berwick, 15 Oct. 1571. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 1¼.
Oct. 18. 2087. Benedict Spinola to Burghley and Leicester.
Encloses the copy of a letter which he has received from Tomaso Fiesco. The Duke of Medina left the Spanish Court for Flanders on September 17th. The Duke of Feria died on the 6th September. Departure of Don John of Austria to fight the Turkish fleet.—London, 18 Oct. 1571. Signed.
Add. Endd., with seal. Ital. Pp. 1¼.
Oct. 4. 2088. Tomaso Fiesco to Spinola.
Excuses himself for not having written to him before, and informs him of the contents of a letter received from M. Zwegenham, concerning certain ships.—Brussels, 4 Oct. 1571. Signed.
Copy. Endd. Ital. P. 2/3. Enclosure.
Oct. 19. 2089. Sir William Drury to Lord Burghley.
It appears that the bruit was lately in London that he was slain in his own house, but hopes yet to do acceptable service to the Queen, though he knows that he is hateful to all who forget their duties towards her, having experience thereof in the late rebellion. In that time he did service of no small consequence as yet unknown, as he takes it either to Her Majesty or Burghley. The opinion that some had of him then as at this day some great personage [has] that he could not be drawn (no not for a golden bait) to deceive the trust committed to him, will he trusts to his prince and all her true subjects be verified. The Regent began his battery on the 16th instant, which has prevailed against the wall, but they within have entrenched and made defences. Cuthbert Ramsay the trench master to the Regent's side is slain. Is promised Virac's alphabet. Many already without leave depart from the Regent. It is to be feared there will be some attempt unto the camp. There has been a meeting between Adam Gordon and the Forbes, and many on both sides slain. Mentions decays in the fortifications of Berwick necessary to be remedied.—Berwick, 19 Oct. 1571. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 2½.
Sept. 7. 2090. The Duke of Chatelherault, Huntley, and others to Charles IX.
See original under 7th September 1571.
Copy. Fr. P. 2/3. Enclosure.
Sept. 7. 2091. The Duke of Chatelherault and others to Catherine De Medicis.
Thank her for her good-will towards their mistress, and for the succours which the King has sent them in their great necessity, and express their devotion to the crown of France.
Copy. Endd. by Drury. Fr. P. 2/3. Enclosure.
Oct. 19. 2092. The Doge of Venice to the Queen.
Sends news of the victory at Lepauto, and the entire destruction of the Turkish fleet by that of the Holy League.— Venice, 19 Oct. 1571.
Endd. Royal letter on parchment. Ital.
Oct. 19. 2093. Walsingham to Lord Burghley.
Has seen M. De Foix, who, touching the match in respect of the inconstancy of both parties, thinks it dangerous to proceed any further, and therefore thought that religion would be the best cause of breach. He seems since his return to have no very good opinion of Monsieur. He is sorry that there is such great delay used in sending, as it gives the Queen's enemies occasion to say that she does but dally. He assured him that there were very dangerous practises in hand and wished that the Queen would not make light of the King's friendship of which she will have great need. The French King himself is very well affected towards Her Majesty, but the Queen Mother bears him in hand that she does but dally. Has sent to—divers reasons why Her Majesty could in no case restore the Queen of Scots to liberty, and if the King should urge that matter, she would be forced to make a conquest of Scotland for her own safety. Perceives by him and others that the fear hereof will make the King forbear being over earnest in this cause. Urges the speedy sending of one to treat of amity.—Blois, 19 Oct. 1571. Signed.
Add. Endd., with seal. Pp. 22/3.
Oct. 19. 2094. Walsingham to Lord Burghley.
Thanks him for procuring Killegrew's access so speedily. Reminds him to have the Duchess of Zesse [Uzes] in memory for it will much advance the Queen's service.—19 Oct. 1571. Signed.
Add. Endd., with seal. P. ½.
Oct. 19. 2095. Walsingham to Lord Burghley.
On the 17th the King sent for him and showed him that he was given to understand that Her Majesty meant to send certain forces into Scotland, which he would be very sorry should fall out, as he would be forced in respect of the ancient league with Scotland to strengthen the Queen's party there by sending forces thither which he may not in honour forbear to do. Walsingham declared that he knew nothing of such sending, but if it were so it proceeded upon the discovery of certain dangerous practises of the Queen of Scots. The King said that his meaning now was not to recommend her cause but only the liberty of the country. Walsingham told him that in that behalf he doubted not but that he would find the Queen inclined to do anything that might agree to reason, but if he sought the liberty of the Queen of Scots, he would by no means prevail, she now of late being discovered to be so dangerous an enemy. His answer to that was only that he meant not now to recommend the same, and that he hoped shortly to see one from Her Majesty to treat of such things as may tend to good and perfect amity between them. Is secretly given to understand that there are certain of the Guisian faction who have offered to serve in Scotland on their own charges, and that the King if he receive not a good answer is determined to employ them. There are some also of that faction who go about to persuade the King that the Queen means only to entertain him until she may make a thorough conquest of Scotland. Is also given to understand that the morning the King sent for him there was long debate in Council whether he should recommend the Queen of Scots or not. Is put in great hope that the King will be content to join with Her Majesty in establishing the young King's government. If she sends hither in convenient time, whilst her friends enjoy the credit of the court, some personage of good quality he thinks that she may obtain any reasonable thing that she may desire at his hands. The enemies of the enterprise of Flanders have persuaded the King not to resolve in that behalf until he may know what Her Majesty may do. Has discovered that the Queen of Scots has means of conveyance of letters, notwithstanding, the straitening of her liberty. She has written into Flanders that unless something be done for the relief of Edinburgh Castle she is undone. The K. willed him to advertise that the Pope's Nuncio, notwithstanding the late discovery, has great hope that some practise will take place. He suspects poisoning. The Portingales mean to embrace the enterprise of Ireland. Has requested the Ambassador of Florence to write to his master to see if he can sift out Ridolphi's doings.—Blois, 19 Oct. 1571. Signed.
Add. Endd., with seal. Partly printed by Digges. Pp. 2¾.
Oct. 21. 2096. Alexander Seton to Lord Seton.
Informs him of his favourable audience with the Pope. Sends his commendations to his brother, and the Provost of Bothwelhaugh. News from Venice that the Turkish fleet has been destroyed, 190 galleys being taken and forty sunk.— Rome, 21 Oct. 1571. Signed.
Add. Endd. Ital. Pp. 2.
Oct. 20. 2097. Advices from Venice.
1. Venice, 20 Oct. 1571. News brought to Venice of the battle of Lepanto, fought on the 7th instant, at which there was great rejoicings. Account of the battle. List of the losses on both sides. The Turks had 180 galleys taken and thirty-six sunk. 20,000 men killed or drowned, and 5,000 taken prisoners. 14,000 Christian galley slaves were liberated. The Venetians lost sixteen captains of galleys, and their General Barbarigo slain, and General Viniero wounded, together with five galleys sunk.
2. Also copy of a letter written on board the fleet, 3 October 1571, to Don Francisco De Toledo, giving an account of the battle and of the booty taken. The Christian loss is put down at 8,000 men.
Endd. Ital. Pp. 9⅓.
Oct. 20. 2098. Instructions for Lord Hunsdon.
Original rough draft of instructions for Lord Hunsdon, sent to Berwick to negociate between the rival parties in Scotland.
In Lord Burghley's writing. Endd. Pp. 8.
Oct. 22. 2099. Instructions for Lord Hunsdon.
Amended draft of instructions for Lord Hunsdon in Burghley's writing.—22 Oct. 1571.
Endd. Pp. 7⅓.
Oct. 22. 2100. Instructions for Lord Hunsdon.
1. Fair copy of the above. He is to procure Lethington and Grange upon reasonable conditions, to return themselves to the obedience of the King, according to the former conditions. He is to move the Regent not to be hard upon them. He is to remind Lethington and Grange of the calamities of their country, and to assure them that the Queen of England will faithfully cause whatsoever may be accorded to be observed, and thereof they shall have any reasonable grant under her hand. The trial of those accused of the murder of Darnley and the Regent is to be referred to indifferent persons.
2. He is in the meantime to make open preparation of men, ordnance, and munition to go to Leith, to aid the Regent, in case they will not accord by treaty; and Drury is to have command of the expedition. He is to capitulate with the Regent for certain articles for the good usage of the English soldiers, and the return of the munition and ordnance. He is further to agree upon certain articles with the estates of Scotland, that the King of Scotland shall not be transported beyond the seas, or offered in marriage until he shall be fifteen, without the Queen's consent; that no persons be suffered to repair into Ireland as men of war; and that the Earl of Northumberland and the other rebels be given up. He is also to assure them that the Queen does not mean them to do anything contrary to the ancient league with France, He is to send to the Regent to signify his coming, with authority to treat.—Richmond, 22 Oct. 1571.
Endd. Pp. 8½.
Oct. 22. 2101. Instructions for Lord Hunsdon.
Abstract of the above in Hunsdon's writing.
Endd. P. 1.
Oct. 22. 2102. Advices from Italy.
Venice, 29 September. Loss of Famagosta, and massacre of the garrison. Great cruelty of the Turks. Numbers and order of battle of the Christian fleet. The Turkish fleet is near Corfu, to the number of 280 sail. News from Rome, 22 Sept.; Antwerp. 22 Oct., and Brussels, 19 Oct.
Endd. Ital. Pp. 2½.
Oct. 24. 2103. Lord Scrope to Lord Burghley.
Forwards copy of correspondence between Lord Herries and himself.—Carlisle, 24 Oct. 1571. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. ⅓.
Oct. 20. 2104. Lord Scrope to Lord Herries.
Has advertised the Lords of the Council of Herries' intention to offer to join the King's party, who have written to the Regent and the Earl of Morton for the accepting of his obedience to the King, so that there remains nothing for the preservation of both their credits, and for the performing of his offer, but for him to make demonstration of his meaning. —Carlisle, 20 Oct. 1571.
Copy. Endd. P. ¾. Enclosure.
Oct. 23. 2105. Lord Herries to Lord Scrope.
Is heartily glad to know that the Queen has taken his intentions in good part. Has written to the Earl of Morton who has answered that he will send a friend to declare his mind. There is a communing of marriage between Herries' son and Morton's niece. Desires him to advertise what he shall do before the coming of the Earl of Morton's friend.— Terregles, 23 Oct. 1571. Signed.
Orig. Add. Endd. Pp. 1½.
Oct. 24. 2106. Lord Scrope to Lord Herries.
Is glad that he still continues the course that he minded which the Queen will very well like. Advises him as shortly as possible to grow to such order with the Regent and the King's party as his good doings in that behalf may by demonstration appear to Her Majesty.—Carlisle, 24 Oct.
Copy. Endd. P. ⅓.
Oct. 26. 2107. Maitland of Lethington to Lord Burghley.
Understands from the Marshal of Berwick that he wishes to have the commodity to deal with him, and that there remain some shreds of his particular love towards him, whereof he is most heartily glad. Trusts that his late doings being rightly construed, shall not be found worthy of blame. Most of the personages who have entered on the theatre of this action have not continued at all times without change. Although he pressed to do good offices to his mistress, to whom he was greatly beholden, yet he always forbore to offend the Queen of England. In his own country matters he has always dealt earnestly, but has not meddled with those of England, and is not afraid in the discovering of the practises (whereof there are great bruits) that any man shall name his name. Touching the purposes wherein the Marshal has dealt with Grange, they desire to direct a special messenger towards the Queen, and beg that by her means sure passage may be procured for him from hence to Berwick.—Edinburgh Castle, 26 Oct. 1571. Signed.
Add. Pp. 2¼.
Oct. 27. 2108. Articles between the Wardens of the West and Middle Marches.
Articles agreed upon at Hexham between Lord Scrope and Sir John Forster, for the better government of their charges by the capture of offenders, registration of horses, and the setting of watches in different places, who shall be answerable for any goods stolen within their precincts, in case no hue and cry is raised.
Endd. P. 1.
Oct. 27. 2109. Money received of Thomas Stonley.
Note of bullion and money received of Thomas Stonley on three separate occasions, amounting to 88,818l. 0s. 22½d.
Notes in Burghley's writing. Endd.: Money received by Thomas Stonley P. ⅓.
Oct. 29. 2110. Sir William Drury to Lord Burghley.
Fears that hitherto they of the castle have sought but delay of time, in hopes of some further storm or trouble to be in England. The Regent could be content that these troubles amongst them were ended, but Morton, who rules all, unless he and his friends might still enjoy all they have gotten of the other party, allows not thereof. He mislikes that the Queen should have any further dealing with them of the Castle and desires a pension from her. Holds him to be not the most sure person in Scotland or best inclined to run the course of England, unless it may wholly serve his own turn. The Regent's side daily look for some resolution from the Queen as to support. The Master of Forbes is with the Regent, soliciting to have horsemen and footmen sent into the north against the Gordons.—Berwick, 29 Oct. 1571. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 1½.
Oct. 30. 2111. News from Antwerp.
1. Copy of a letter from Thomaso Fiesco, 30 Oct., Brussels. News of the defeat of the Turkish fleet, with the loss of 15,000 men killed and 5,000 taken, together with 180 galleys.
2. Antwerp, 30 Oct. Expected coming of the Duke of Medina. Imposition of a duty of 3½ per cent. and 10 per cent. on exports and imports.
Endd. Ital. Pp. 1½.
Oct. 30. 2112. English Merchants in Spain.
Legal proceedings in the case of Richard Barret, an English merchant in Spain.—30 Oct. 1571.
Span. Pp. 6½.
Oct. 2113. Intelligence from Italy.
Tumult at Naples, in which more than thirty Spaniards were killed. Siege of Famagosta. Capture of Turkish galleys. Arrival of Don John of Austria at Messina. Three of the principal gentlemen of Piacenza committed to prison for the slaughter of certain of the Spanish garrison in that town. Dispute about the succession of Pitagliano.
Endd.: Oct. 1571. Ital. Pp. 2½.