Elizabeth: June 1569

Pages 82-92

Calendar of State Papers Foreign: Elizabeth, Volume 9, 1569-1571. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1874.

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June 1569

[June.] 283. Ivan Basilowitz to Queen Elizabeth.
Letter of credence for his ambassador, Andrea Gregorowitz Saviena.—[Vologda], June 1569.
Royal letter in Russian, with seal attached. Mutilated.
June 1. 284. Answer to the French Ambassador's Remonstrance.
In the Queen's proclamation of 27 April, sufficient provision was made for the safety both of the subjects of the French King, and all other princes haunting the seas. So it is not well seen how the Ambassador's new motion can be provided for without reiterating the same, which is against the usage of England, where it is not common to publish new proclamations every day. Where he proposes to have two meet persons to go into Normandy to procure the deliverance of the goods arrested there, they have always thought it reasonable, but have not been able to induce two persons to take that journey, on account of the danger through the troubles for religion. The Ambassador should consider the difference of the griefs on either side, for the complaint on the part of England is, the daily arresting of ships and goods by the officers and governors of the King. On the other hand, the complaints of the French is, for ships and merchandise taken upon the seas, partly by Frenchmen being parties in this civil war, and partly by Englishmen adhering to the Frenchmen on the one side or the other, for remedy whereof Her Majesty has utterly defended that any of her subjects should resort to the seas otherwise than as warranted by herself, or as lawful merchants. Restitution has also been made of great quantity of goods upon proofs of their belonging to the French King's subjects. There are no goods belonging to any of the French King's subjects stayed anywhere, save some wine, at the suit of Thomas Baker, who is known to the Ambassador by his often complaints in respect of a manifest injustice done to him last year in Brittany. On the other part there is a multitude of complaints of the subjects of England for their goods stayed at Bordeaux, Brest, Rouen, and Calais. The English merchants resort to Rochelle for the commodity of salt, but if on the King's part any other commodious place may be found where they may be well used, and have salt at an easier or the same price, no doubt they will then, of themselves, repair thither.
Endd. Pp. 3¼.
June 1. 285. The Cardinal of Chatillon to Cecil.
Desires him to procure a passport for the wife of M. de Villiers, a minister of the Word, residing in his house, to come into England, in order that she may not be molested on the sea.—Shene, 1 June 1569. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. 2/3.
June 3. 286. Sir Henry Norris to the Queen.
The Duke of Deuxpont's army being before La Charité, he caused 600 French harquebussiers and certain companies of reiters to pass over the river, besieging the town on both sides, and having made a breach which was scant scalable, they made a proud assault, not without loss of some of their soldiers, and entered the town by force, and put to the sword as many as they found within the same. On the 26th May, the Queen Mother received letters from the Duke of Anjou which greatly troubled her, complaining that neither the Cardinal of Lorraine nor his brother Aumale had, according to promise, stopped the Germans, and that the money was always sent by the Cardinal to his brother, whereby his strangers being unpaid were the more unwilling to serve, and now by their negligence and cowardice in letting pass the Germans, he is in peril to hazard the honour which he had gained. The Queen Mother, after consulting with the Council, at 4 a.m. next morning suddenly departed with the Cardinals of Lorraine and Bourbon, minding to appease the quarrel between Monsieur and the Cardinal. On the 28th she met a courier from the Duke D'Anjou, who said that Monsieur was greatly perplexed, and that divers gentlemen had retired from his camp. This greatly appalled the Queen, who however, continued her journey. She minds not only to wrap up the aforesaid quarrel, but also to practise to withdraw the Queen of Navarre, offering Madame Margaret in marriage to the prince her son. The King having received letters from the Emperor and other princes, taxing him with letting the Germans enter so far, is marvellously moved, giving great blame to the Cardinal and his brother. Pau has been taken, and the Bernais have asked the King to receive them into his protection. Duke Casimir is waging 6,000 horse and as many foot, minding to invade France. The Spaniards have lost certain galleys in the Gulf of Lyons.—Paris, 3 June 1569. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 2¾.
June 3. 287. Sir Henry Norris to Cecil.
Informs him of the quarrel between Monsieur and the Cardinal of Lorraine, and of the Queen Mother's journey. The King is levying a new army, and is disfurnishing his garrisons in Picardy and Normandy. Great persecution continues here against those of the religion. M. De Lisle, one of the King's privy council and president of Brittany, was, at the gate of St. Antoine, arrested, and cruelly used. The Admiral with 12,000 footmen and eight pieces of artillery, is departed from Xaintes to join Deuxpont. Great extremity is used to the English merchants by the French. The Pope will interdict England, giving the same as a prey to M. D'Anjou, as soon as these troubles are ended.—Paris, 3 June 1569. Signed.
Add. Endd., with seal. Pp. 2¼.
[June 5.] 288. Customers.
Notes on the tolls and customs charged on the import and export of different commodities, as wine, beer, tin, cloth, &c.
Endd. Pp. 2¾.
June 5. 289. The Regent Murray to Queen Elizabeth.
Has received her letter from his servant, Mr. John Wood, and having conferred with him upon the matters of weight, which she commanded him to impart to Murray in her name, finds not only her good will continued but also an earnest care to the maintenance of the godly peace and amity between her dominions and Scotland. Praises her favour and wisdom, that taking so good consideration of him in this most weighty matter, she has chosen rather to communicate the same to him privately, than by open dealing to have endangered this state and him unawares. But as the cause is so weighty to the King, and carries with it a marvellous consequence to herself and the state of the whole island, so was it utterly unlooked for by him; and being at present destitute of councillors, he cannot make such hasty answer as he would. Will endeavour shortly to satisfy her desire, if he can find a personage fit for such a negociation. Begs her not to take this short delay in evil part.—Aberdeen, 5 June 1569. Signed.
Add. Endd., with seal. P. 1.
June 5. 290. Henry Killegrew to Cecil.
Since his coming Doctor Ehemius has been here from the Elector of Brandenberg, and is gone to the Duke of Brunswick for his consent. Perceives by him that account is to be made of the three Electors and many more. Is bound with Ehemius to Missen, where he hopes to meet Duke Casimir and receive his answer. The Elector Palatine has been at great charges in sending to and fro, and his ministers show great zeal and diligence. There be certain articles drawn which he thinks he shall bring with him. The Emperor levies 4,000 reiters in these parts, which confirms his war with the Vaivode, but they will not march without money which is not yet sent. —Magdeburg, 5 June. Signed.
Add. Endd., with seal. P. 1.
June 5. 291. The Regent Murray to Cecil.
Excuses himself for not answering at once to the matters of importance with which the Quuen credited his servant Wood, and desires Cecil to move her to receive this small but necessary delay in good part, and to suspend all resolution in so weighty a matter, which so highly imports herself and all her assured friends and servants here or elsewhere, until he satisfies her desire by sending a sufficient person to reason the cause in her presence.—Aberdeen, 5 June 1569. Signed.
Add. Endd., with seal. Pp. 1½.
June 7. 292. Lord Hunsdon to Cecil.
1. Thanks him for furthering his son's suit. Touching Scottish affairs, there is great likelihood of their thorough agreement.
2. Is sorry that there is so small likelihood of the Marshal's and Treasurer's return.
3. P.S.—Is credibly informed that the Regent and Huntly have met and are fully agreed.—Berwick, 7 June 1569. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. 1.
June 7. 293. Sir Henry Norris to Cecil.
On the 1st instant M. D'Anjou was come to Persigny with 3,000 horse, 4,000 harquebussiers, and 2,500 Swiss, the remnant of the regiment of 6,000. On the 5th the armies of M. D'Anjou and of Aumale joined, the late quarrel betwixt them being appeased by the Queen. M. De Nemours has gathered 2,000 footmen and about 500 horse, and intends to join the forces of Italy. The Admiral has been somewhat sickly, nevertheless he conducts the army. His vanguard has skirmished with Monsieur's rearguard and taken some baggage with chariots of sick men. The Queen Mother minds to give battle before the Germans and the Prince of Navarre join. Marshal D'Anville has gone to be the King's lieutenant in Languedoc and those quarters. There will be due to the strangers at the end of this month 1,200,000 livres. The rolls for the new army are already made out. This day the King departs towards the camp. The Cardinal of Lorraine, desirous to put from his brother D'Aumale the dishonour of the loss of La Charité, has charged therewith the Count Montinego. Those of Arras have refused to agree to the payment of money to the Duke of Alva, who has gone to Antwerp fearing a tumult there. Some Englishmen of the Roman religion, not content privily to work against their Queen and country, also write such horrible letters against her, Cecil, and their country, as till now he trusted had not been in an English nature to have written. Sends the copy of one to the Cardinal of Lorraine from Douay. The name is erased.—Paris, 7 June 1569. Signed.
Add. Endd., with seal. Pp. 2¼.
June 8. 294. Sir Henry Norris to Cecil.
After the Duke of Deuxponts had taken La Charité, the Duke of Anjou assembled in council the chief conductors and captains of his army, where finally there were propounded three ways which they of the religion would observe in this war. The first was that they would keep the country already conquered and take other places adjacent, and fortify the same and keep them as a gage the more easily to recover the towns under the Queen of Navarre's obedience if they should come to any terms of peace. The second was to give battle to Monsieur in the county of Berry or Poiton, they being stronger in horsemen and their people more resolved to fight than the others. The third was that they would repair to the Loire and seek the King, and so gain great reputation and advantage. It was at last concluded that they should not hazard any battle, the event being doubtful, and there being so many strangers on both parts, the greatest slaughter would fall on the French, insomuch as whether the King won or lost, the loss of the nobility would be so great that they, seeing this commodity and agreeing together, might enterprise to occupy the realm. Also it was easy for the King to prolong the war, he being possessed of the principal towns and passages, whilst the religion their conquered country excepted had but the fields. Moreover, in time the King might assemble great forces. Furthermore, they of the religion would want money for munitions and the pay of the strangers, and if they besieged any towns their powder and shot would fail them. Believes that they will rather hazard to fight than, by delaying any longer, suffer to their great danger the Prince of Navarre's forces to join with the Germans.—Paris, 8 June 1569. Signed.
Add. Endd., with seal. Pp. 2¼.
June 9. 295. The French Ambassador's Requests.
1. The Queen has been pleased to grant the Ambassador letters under her hand promising the restitution of all goods belonging to his master's subjects that have been stayed in England.
2. This shall be done on the same day that the French King declares by another letter the similar restitution of English goods stayed in France.
Endd: 9 June. Fr. P. ¼.
June 10. 296. Sir Henry Norris to Cecil.
Monsieur has advertised the King that the Duke of Deuxponts is besieging Souterraine, which is distant four leagues from his own army. M. De la Noue commands the infantry in the place of D'Andelot. Mon. D'Esternay and Captain Ficquers died both at La Charité of a burning fever. On the 7th instant M. Senarpont was apprehended at his house. Intends to take his journey to the King's camp on Monday next.—Paris, 10 June 1569. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 1½.
June 10. 297. Mr. John Wood to Cecil.
1. After he had received the Regent's answer to the Queen he was directed back to the Laird of Lethington to know his ability, who had retired to his house being touched with some grievous infirmity in his feet. After he had at length conferred with him, he found him of good mind and will to serve, but doubted very much of his ability, and therefore he willed Wood to utter the same to the Regent. There lacks no good will either in the Regent to send him or him to come if other impediments do not let.
2. The state goes to a great towardness of obedience and quietness. Argyle, accompanied with the Earl of Marr, has been to the Regent, and Huntly has sent pledges for observing his promise; and on the 4th came to Aberdeen and travailed with the Regent for remission to such as had served under him. The whole clans of the Highlands and divers of the principals of the Isles, with the Earls of Caithness and Sutherland and Lord Lovat, convened at the Regent's command at Inverness with a great power. The Borders are quiet, and they look for the rendering of Dumbarton.—Lethington 10 June 1569. Signed.
Add. Endd., with seal. Pp. 1¼.
June 13. 298. Lord Hunsdon to Cecil.
1. Is glad that the Duke of Bipont is so near the Admiral, and trusts they will revenge the pitiful death of the Prince and the cruel murder of D'Andelot, whom he hears is dead, poisoned by an Italian procured thereto by the Queen Mother. Hears that the Pope has sent 10,000 soldiers to the French, and wishes that he was with the Admiral with as many Englishmen.
2. Complains of his heavy charges at Berwick.
3. Cecil's stones are at Newcastle.
4. P.S.—There are a dozen ships at least laden with corn landed at Leith out of Norfolk, and not one of them has paid a penny of custom here. Desires to know what he shall do to them if they pass this way.—Berwick, 13 June 1569. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. 1.
June 13. 299. Sir George Speke to Cecil.
Encloses a note in writing concerning the Spanish Ambassador's request.—Paget House, 13 June 1569. Signed.
Add. Endd., with seal. P. ¼.
June 14. 300. Sir Henry Norris to Cecil.
It is advertised here that on Sunday last the Queen Mother was in the camp earnestly encouraging the French nation to fight, and also that the Admiral and Deuxponts had met. On the 12th instant M. D'Alençon received letters from the King that the Admiral had caused to be drawn asunder at Xaintes, with four horses, a gentleman of M. D'Anjou's camp, who, under pretence of service, being entertained by M. D'Andelot, poisoned him, suborned hereunto by M. Martigues. The Cardinal of Bourbon has requested the King to give him, without attainture, the Prince of Condé's children, promising to bring them up in the Roman religion. The Duke of Deuxponts, having discovered some secret treason in his camp, has caused four Frenchmen to be executed. On the 4th instant passed through Lyons, the Count St. Fiore, with the Italian aid, having 6,000 footmen and 1,500 horse. M. De Nemours, who is with him, has 3,000 footmen and 500 horse. The Elector Palatine has married the Countess of Brederode. Alva makes a new levy in Westphalia.—Paris, 14 June 1569. Signed.
Add. Endd., with seal. Pp. 1½.
[June 14.] 301. Proceedings of the Admiral's Army.
Hearing that the Duke of Deuxponts was arrived within two leagues of where they were, the Admiral and M. De la Rochefoucault went to him and found him speechless from the extremity of his sickness, of which he died within a few hours. His death has not made any change in the disposition of his army. Monsieur having joined the Italian forces, sent Strozzi with the best of his infantry to attack them, who was taken prisoner, and 500 or 600 of his soldiers slain in sight of the rest of the army who would not come to their assistance. The rain was so great that the harquebussiers could not fire. M. De Lude besieging Niort lost 1,000 or 1,200 soldiers at two assaults, and on the approach of succours raised the siege so hastily that he left one of his cannon behind. His infantry are now blockaded at St. Maixent and his cavalry at Parthenay. Mons. De la Noue, governor of La Rochelle, sallying out to the relief of Niort, surprised the companies of Captains Richelieu and Landerau, and killed about 300 men and took 200 horses. The Admiral is now besieging different towns.
Endd. by Cecil. Fr. Pp. 3¼.
June 15. 302. Edict by Charles IX.
Orders that certain forfeited lands belonging to Protestants in the bailliage of Orleans shall be let to the highest bidder. —15 June 1569.
Printed broadside. Endd. Fr.
June 20. 303. Sir Henry Norris to Cecil.
Excuses his delay in writing as he was unable to get a passport earlier.—Orleans, 20 June 1569. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. ¼.
June 20. 304. Instructions for Richard Patrick and Hugh Offley sent to Rouen.
The King of France having agreed to a reciproque release of the goods stayed on either side, the Queen commands them to procure the French Ambassador's letters to Marshal Cosse, governor of Rouen, and to proceed to that town, and to take the necessary steps for the release of the ships and goods of her subjects stayed there.
Draft, corrected by Cecil. Endd. Pp. 3¼.
June 23. 305. Dr. Mundt to Cecil.
His packet dated 13th April came to him at Strasbourg 11th June. Delivered the Queen's letter of credence, and declared the effect of his instructions to the Palatine, which was accepted with pleasure. The Palatine said that he would signify with speed the Queen's good affection to the rest. Casimir will go very shortly into Saxony. The diet at Frankfort is finished 4th June. The chief point handled was that the Emperor complained that those who had gone out of Germany had done excessive damage with robbing, pilling, and polling to the obedient subjects of the Empire, and required that the Duke of Zweybruck and the Prince of Orange should be declared under the ban of the Empire, whereunto the most part of the Elector's commissaries would not agree. To prevent that in the return of such men of war as be now in France the like damages be not committed again, it is agreed that on 25 July commissioners deputed from the Emperor and the Electors and other Princes shall come to Strasbourg and consult how these barbarities may be prevented. They are to choose an honest legation which shall go to the French King and require him in the name of the whole Empire to dismiss his Dutch soldiers in his own territory. The captains and colonels are to be commanded to pass homewards only in small companies, and to pay for all that they take, and shall be bound for any damage done by the common soldiers.—Heidelburg, 23 June 1569. Signed: N.
Add. Endd., with seal. Pp. 3¼.
June 24. 306. Dr. Mundt to Cecil.
Commends the bearer to him for his fidelity, and desires that he may have some recompense. How many days he has tarried with Killegrew he has written to John Abel to signify to him, but has not heard from him for three months. Great complaints are made against the Duke of Zweybruck by the Papists for damages done to them. The occasion of his tarrying and of such ensued disorders and damages he has written in many letters. This sort of devil is not cast forth without money.—Spires, 24 June 1569.
Add. Endd. P. ¾.
June 24. 307. Lord Hunsdon to Cecil.
Desires commission for the musters of Newcastle. Tomorrow they begin with the special musters which they expect to find slender especially of horsemen. Received yesterday a letter from the Regent for a passport for Thomas Fleming. Lord Fleming having partly concluded for the delivery of Dumbarton, desires first to write to the Scottish Queen thereof. The Regent is in the North where he is wholly obeyed, and has got 10,000l. for fines of such as have transgressed. It is given out that the Scottish Queen will be here shortly. Cecil's stones went from Newcastle long ago. If Mr. Lee had been as willing to set forward the strengthening of Berwick as he was for his own gain, it had been in better forwardness. His doings here shall be better known. —Berwick, 24 June 1569. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. 1.
June 25. 308. Alfonso Ferrabosco to Cecil.
Thanks him for his benefits, and offers his services. The cause of his detention here is his robbery by an English servant.—Paris, 25 June 1569. Signed.
Add. Endd., with seal. Ital. P. 1.
June 25. 309. Thomas Bannister and Geoffry Duckett to the Privy Council.
Whereas it pleased the Queen by her commission to authorise them to treat with the Emperor (of Russia) for the full establishment of the trade of merchandise betwixt his dominions and the realm of England, and also to recover the company's stock out of their factor's hands, and to command and direct all her subjects, as well within this land as in Media and Persia, to be ordered in all things by them, and to establish better government in the company's houses, they have been beset on all sides by many practices and devices by all the company's servants to overthrow the cause of their coming. By their slanders they were kept shut up in a house from October to February until the Emperor received Her Majesty's letter sent by way of Narva, since which time they have found him most gracious to all their requests. There is no other Prince, Her Majesty excepted, who bears so much good will to the English as he does. They have obtained for the company such a privilege as never before has been granted. First, he has granted that no nation strangers shall travel through his dominions into Media and Persia but only the company. He has forbidden all nations from coming to his north parts, saving the company, upon pain of loss of bodies, ships, and goods. He has given them a mine of iron hard by the water side, also ground in Narva to build a house, and in Vologda to place a rope walk. All their causes shall be judged in his honourable court of "opprisuay" which delivers them out of much bondage of his court of "esemsekye." He has commanded Thomas Glover to deliver up the company's goods in his hands, and sent him home with the Ambassador. They have asked nothing of His Majesty but what he has granted liberally to them. He has called in the privilege granted to Christopher Bennet, Thomas Glover, and others, who had joined themselves with certain Dutchmen against the company. They have established such new order in all the company's houses, that if they will maintain them and do justice on the offenders, they trust there is such a trade established as England had never the like. By this trade they hope to bring the spices this way. Complain of certain lewd practices out of England tending to the overthrow of the cause of their coming, and to put them in hazard of the Emperor's displeasure. Though they advertised the company in secret of the state of affairs here, the enemies knew all what they had written afore they had any answer. The friends of the practisers in England certified them of all the letters sent, which they caused to be intercepted, as they also did those written by Bannister and Glover alleging that there was treason in them against the Emperor. The Prince here has great store of saltpetre, so that if it pleases the Queen on their return from Persia next summer, they will be ready to deal with him therein.—Vologda, 25 June 1569. Signed.
Add. Endd., with seal. Pp. 2½.
June 26. 310. Moors of Granada.
Relation of the condition of the Moors in the kingdom of Granada.—26 June 1569.
Span. P. ½.
June 30. 311. Sir Henry Norris to Cecil.
Where Cecil gave him to understand that the Queen was credibly informed by sight of original letters of persons of no small reputation in this Court which have been intercepted, of a matter whereof he advertised him concerning the Queen of Scots and the Duke of Anjou, for the transferring of Her Majesty's title. The advertisements whereof were sent to Norris by the Admiral, 6 June 1568, and were that the Cardinal of Lorraine had promised to the Duke of Anjou that the Queen of Scots should be brought to France, and there should yield her estate of England and France to the Duke. Had affirmed to him the continuance of this device by the Cardinal of Chatillon, 11 July 1568, which he presently sent to Her Majesty, being by him required so to do. Further, the Pope should give the aforesaid realms to the Duke of Anjou. Menillie, who brought this from the Admiral, is not to be heard of or known whether he is alive. Gives an account of a skirmish between the Admiral and Strozzi, wherein the latter and 2,000 of his men were slain. The Admiral minds to march to Toulouse to refresh his reiters and after the harvest to march towards Paris. There is preparation here for a nobleman from the King of Spain, looked to be sent to the Duke of Alva, and afterwards into England.—Orleans, 30 June 1569. Signed.
Add. Endd., with seal. Pp. 1⅓.
June. 312. The Queen to the Regent Murray.
Desires him, at the request of the Bishop of Ross, to permit his officers and servants quietly to collect such profits and revenues as belong to his bishopric.
Draft, corrected by Cecil.
Copy of a passport for Lord Seton to go through England into France.
Endd.: June 1569. Copies of the passport for Lord Seton and Sir John Carnegy of Kinnaird. P. 1.