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Appendix: Miscellaneous 1557

Pages 447-450

Calendar of State Papers, Spain, Volume 13, 1554-1558. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1954.

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Miscellaneous 1557

1557
8 March
When he left his Household at Brussels, taking with him only his great equerry, two gentlemen of his chamber, Count Feria, the Marquis of Aguilar, Prince of Sulmona, the Marquis of Sarriá, Count Chinchón, Count Fuensalida, his Controller and half the officers of his table. He went to sleep at Termonde.
9–10 March At Ghent.
11 March At the Sluice.
12 March At Bruges.
13 March At Oudenbourg.
14 March At Nieuport.
15 March At Dunkirk.
16 March At Gravelines.
17 March At Calais.
18 March He took ship, and spent that night at Dover.
19 March His Majesty took the post to join the Queen at Greenwich; and the Household spent that night at Canterbury.
20 March At Rochester.
21 March At Greenwich, where they remained until
24 March when they proceeded to London by water, landing at the Tower, and thence through the city to Westminster, where they lodged. A few days later, there arrived in London the Duchesses of Lorraine and Parma, for whom the Queen sent, to Dover, a litter, hackneys and carts to bring them to Gravesend. The Countess of Clidact (sic), (fn. 1) the Admiral and other lords and ladies came by water. When they reached Westminster, the Queen was at mass. The King received them at the waterside, in a gallery, and led them up to where the Queen met them, at the entrance to a hall. They were lodged at Court: The Duchess of Lorraine on the ground floor, on the garden, and the Duchess of Parma upstairs, on the Thames.
15 April Their Majesties and the Duchesses went to keep Easter at Greenwich. They were lodged at Court, and their expenses were paid all the time they were in London.
22 April Return to London. The Queen gave them a banquet. At table, there were seated the King and Queen, the Duchess of Lorraine, the Duchess of Parma, and at the end of the table, near her, the Duke of Parma, her son. A few days later the Duchess of Parma took leave to return to Flanders and thence to Italy, leaving the Prince, her son, with the King, her brother. And eight days later, the Duchess of Lorraine did likewise.
10 June To sleep at Hampton Court.
13 June Return to London. About this time, the English declared war on the French.
3 July Their Majesties slept at Santiborne (Sittingbourne).
4 July At Canterbury.
5 July At Dover.
6 July The King took leave of the Queen, went on board at three o'clock, dined at Calais and posted to spend the night at Bergues St. Winock; thence to Yypres, Oudenarde and Brussels, where he arrived
9 July on Friday. The Controller and the officers arrived on 11 July and they remained until
23 July These days, preparations were made to go to camp, where the Duke of Savoy was with the troops, on the frontier.
28 July At Enghien.
29 July At Ath.
30 July At Valenciennes, where the King had news of the death of his father-in-law, the King (fn. 2) of Portugal.
31 July At Cambrai.
3 August Return to Valenciennes, where a service was held in the Court Chapel for the King of Portugal.
6 August Friday, to Cambrai, to stay until
12 August On 11 August, the Duke of Savoy having laid siege to St. Quentin, news came that the Constable of France had come up with a powerful army to relieve the place: i.e. 18,000 foot, 6,000 horse and 20 pieces of artillery, but had been utterly defeated, and the Constable and several leading Frenchmen killed or made prisoners.
13 August His Majesty left Cambrai, with banners flying, and slept at Beaurevoir, a village that had been quite destroyed. There he had certain news of the number of principal prisoners, viz.:
The Constable of France.
His second son.
The Duke of Longueville.
The Duke of Montpensier.
The Prince of Mantua. (fn. 3)
Marshal St. André.
The Rhinegrave.
La Rochefoucauld, and several others.
The Duke of Enghien, killed.
13 August At a little village one league and a half from St. Quentin, where the Duke of Savoy and those who had been at the battle came to kiss the King's hands.
14 August At the camp before St. Quentin, where were the Constable of France, M. d'Andelot (fn. 4) and a son of the Constable.
27 August St. Quentin was stormed and looted, the Admiral and all those within being captured. Don Bernardino de Mendoza, Captain-General of the King's galleys, a man of good understanding, died as a result of the toil and travail he had endured, night and day, in the trenches. Count Aremberg advanced on Le Câtelet with a regiment of Germans and 1,200 horse, and the place surrendered.
7 September The Duke of Savoy laid siege to Ham.
9 September His Majesty left Count Meghem in St. Quentin as Governor, marched on Ham and spent the night in a little village, half a league distant.
11 September Ham was burned by the French, and the castle surrendered. His Majesty took up quarters near the town, and remained there, busy with the fortifications until
12 October In the meantime, Chauny, Noyon and several other places were taken and looted. Our light horse raided as far as Compiègne, La Fère, Péronne and Guise, burning all the country. Meanwhile, the King gave a dinner to the Dukes of Savoy, Saxony, Brunswick, Don Fernando Gonzaga and the Prince of Orange.
12 October His Majesty, leaving Count Meghem as Governor of the Vermandois and of the garrisons of St. Quentin, Ham and Le Câtelet, and the Duke of Savoy in charge of the army, came to dine at St. Quentin and slept at Le Câtelet.
13 October At Cambrai, where many were dying of the pest.
14 October At Valenciennes.
15 October At Ath.
16 October At Enghien.
17 October At Brussels, to stay for the rest of that year. Don Fernando Gonzaga, Prince of Molfetta, came back from camp sick, and died a few days after reaching Brussels. He had been a good captain in his day. When the Duke of Alva was Viceroy of Naples and Governor of Milan, and was waging war against Pope Paul IV, he (Gonzaga) negotiated a peace in his Majesty's name with the Pope, for which purpose Cardinal Carafa and the Marquis of Montebello, his brother, came to Brussels by the post, with a great following. M. de Petem (?) was sent to meet them at Maastricht, the Prince of Sulmona at St. Trond, and the Marquis of Cortes at Louvain. The Duke of Savoy met them one league from Brussels, and the King—as the Cardinal was coming as Legate a latere—went on to receive him at the city gate and brought him, on his left, to St. Gudule's Churchyard, where the Canons received him, put a pallium (poisle) upon him, and led him to the Church. His Majesty, leaving the Duke of Savoy to accompany the Cardinal, then returned to Court by the Park Gate. The legate, having been left at the Church-yard gate, entered the Church, prayed and came with the Duke of Savoy through the town to his lodging, which was in Count Hoogstraet's house, whence a gallery led to Court. There he was met by Count Mélito, sommeiller de corps to his Majesty, and was conducted to his room, which had been fitted out for him. His expenses were paid during his entire stay at Brussels, and he was served by his Majesty's officers. The following day, the Bishop of Arras, Count Mélito and Don Juan Manrique went to escort him to his Majesty, who received him in the first hall and gave him public audience in his chamber, standing. Later, without ceremony, he often went to negotiate with his Majesty, and often to the chase. Before the Legate, the Cardinal of Trent came to Brussels for his private affairs. His Majesty gave a supper to the two Cardinals, who were placed at the upper end of the table, under the dais next to him, on one side the Legate, opposite him the Cardinal of Trent, next to the Duke of Savoy, and at the lower end the Prince of Parma.

Footnotes

  • 1. Gachard suggests the Countes of Kildare, or Lady Margaret Douglas, Countess, of Lennox(?).
  • 2. John III, father of Philip's first wife.
  • 3. Liugi Gonzaga.
  • 4. Françoic de Châtillon.