P. A. d. l'E.
S. H. K. K. 349.
263. French Pensions paid to English Subjects.
On the 1st of May 1518 the following sums of money were
paid to the following persons, as halt-yearly instalments of
their pensions from the King of France :—
[Here follow the same entries as in the preceding document.]
French. Book of accounts concerning the payment of pensions
to the King of England and to English subjects.
S. E. Pat. Re.
T. c. I. L. l.
264. Treaty between the Pope, the Emperor Elect, the King
Of France, the King Of Spain, and the King Of
The tyrant of the Turks threatens to conquer more countries
belonging to the princes of Christendom. It is, therefore,
the duty of all Christian princes to postpone their
disputes with one another, and to defend the Holy Church
and the Christian religion. Exhorted by Pope Leo X., they
have concluded a holy league, of which the principal members
The Emperor elect,
The King of France,
The King of Spain, and
The King of England.
A general peace of Christendom will be the immediate consequence
of this league. Its articles are the following :—
1. Peace and goodwill are henceforth to be observed between
the contracting parties, their heirs and successors, subjects,
2. As far as the defence of the Christian Church and the
Pope, or of the states and possessions of any one of the contracting
princes is concerned, all the members of the league
are to be "friends of the friends, and foes of the foes" of any
one of them.
If any one of the contracting parties or of those who are
included in this treaty attacks, invades, or does any other injury
to the states, dominions, towns, castles. &c., of any other member
of this league or any prince who is included in this treaty,
the injured party is at liberty to require by letters patent the
aid of all the other contracting parties. Those who are thus
requested are bound, together with the injured party, to send
letters and ambassadors to the aggressor or aggressors, asking
him or them to desist from further hostilities, and to make
If the aggressor or aggressors continues or continue his or
their hostilities in spite of this exhortation to maintain peace
or if he or they refuses or refuse to make full reparation, all
the other confederates are bound to declare war with the
aggressor or aggressors within one month after being summoned
to do so. Within two months after the declaration of
war, they are to begin actual hostilities by attacking or invading
the dominions of the aggressor or aggressors with an
army strong enough to conquer the enemy. Every one of the
contracting parties is bound to pay his own expenses.
3. If the aggressor, whether he be one of the principal
contracting parties or only included in this treaty, possesses
dominions, towns, or ports near the French, Spanish, English,
or German seas, the Kings of France, of Spain, and of England
are bound to make war upon him, not only by land but also
by sea. The fleets sent are to be so numerous, and so well provided
with men, guns, and all other engines of war, as to be
sufficiently strong to attack and conquer the fleets or armies
of the enemy. The fleets must, within one month after the
declaration or commencement of war, be at sea, each party
paying its own expenses. All the ships are to sail at once to
the seas which are nearest the states and possessions of the
enemy, and to remain there, cruising and doing as much harm
to the enemy, his friends, and abettors, as they can. As often
as it may be necessary to resist the enemy with united forces,
the different fleets of the contracting parties are to assemble
in one place, and to act in common. None of the contracting
parties is at liberty to recall his fleet, or to diminish the number
of his vessels and armed men, without the consent of all
the other contracting parties. Should any of these fleets be
reduced to smaller proportions in a battle, or by shipwreck, or
by any other reason, the prince or the princes to whom it
belongs is or are bound, within one month, to raise the
number of ships and armed men to their former proportions.
4. The stipulations of the preceding article do not refer
to an attack or rebellion of the subjects of any of the
contracting parties against their government, except in case
they have been instigated, assisted, or favoured in their
undertaking by one of the other contracting parties, in which
case all the other contracting parties are bound to make war
not only upon the rebellious subjects, but also upon those who
favour or abet them.
5. If any one of the contracting parties, or of the confederates
who will hereafter become members of this league, intend to
attack the enemies of the league, and wish for that purpose to
march their troops through the states, territories, cities, seaports,
&c., of one of the other contracting parties, or their
confederates, the party requested to permit the passage of
the troops of a confederate through his states is bound not
only to raise no difficulties, but even to assist them, and to
provide them with provisions, vehicles, &c., the prince who
makes the request paying the expenses.
6. None of the contracting parties, nor any of the confederates
who will afterwards accede to this treaty, are to permit
their subjects to take service in the army of one of the
other contracting parties who is at war with a member of this
league ; nor is any member of this league to make use of
foreign soldiers, even if they should be offered to him without
pay, against any of the other members of this confederacy
or their subjects. Whoever does so will be regarded as having
broken this league, which, in such a case, remains in full
force for all the other contracting parties.
7. None of the contracting parties are to take under their protection
any subject or subjects of any other contracting party,
or of any prince included in this treaty, without the express
consent of the prince to whom such subject or subjects belong ;
nor are they permitted to assist them or to give them counsel.
8. The contracting parties bind themselves not to undertake
anything in their towns, seaports, &c., that could be prejudicial
to any one of the other contracting parties or their
subjects ; or to permit others to undertake or attempt
anything of that kind.
9. None of the contracting parties, or of those who are
included in this treaty, are to permit the rebels and traitors of
any other of the contracting parties, or of their confederates,
to stay in their territories, nor are they and their subjects to
assist and to aid them. When required to do so, each of the
contracting parties is to deliver the rebels found in his dominions,
within 20 days, to the other contracting party who
claims them as his subjects.
10. Included in this treaty are—
The King of Denmark,
The King of Scotland,
The King of Portugal,
The King of Hungary,
The King of Navarra,
The Infante Ferdinand, brother of the King of Spain ;
The Duke of Savoy,
The Duke of Lorraine,
The Doge and the Republic of Venice,
Florence and the House of Medicis,
The Duke of Urbino,
The Duke of Gueldres,
The Duke of Ferrara,
The Marquis of Mantua,
The Marquis of Monferrato,
The Marquis of Saluzzo,
The Hanse Towns,
The Swiss Confederacy.
11. This treaty is to be communicated to the Pope, who is
at liberty, within four months, to enter into it as one of the
principal contracting parties, confirming it by a bull, and
naming his confederates.
If any one of the other principal contracting princes should
not already have sent sufficient power to England to conclude
this treaty, he is to send such power to ratify the treaty, and
to swear to it within four months. If he permits that time to
elapse without having fulfilled these formalities, and afterwards
asks the King of France and the King of England to
admit him as principal party into this confederacy, he is not
to be considered as one of the principal contracting parties,
but only as included in this treaty, although he has in the
preamble of it been mentioned as one of the principal contracting
12. All former treaties remain in full force, except in so far
as they are in contradiction to this treaty.
13. All Christian princes are at liberty to declare, within
the space of eight months, their intention to become members
of this league, in which case the principal contracting parties
are bound to accept them and to defend them, at the expense,
however, of the party asking to be assisted.
14. The Kings of France and of England, who are the
originators of this league, bind themselves towards one another
that, if either of them be invaded or attacked by any
prince or power, the other will lead in person the army which
is to assist the attacked prince. Even if none of the other
Christian princes should become members of this league, it is
to remain in full force in so far as France and England are
15. All the confederates are to swear to this treaty.
16. The principal contracting parties are to ratify this
treaty, and to exchange the ratifications, within four months.
—London, the 2nd of October 1518.
Latin. Contemporary copy. pp. 14.
P. A. d. l'E.
S. H. K. K. 349.
265. French Pensions paid to English Subjects.
On the 1st of November 1518 the following sums of money
were paid to the following persons, as half-yearly instalments
of their pensions from the King of France :—
To the Duke of Norfolk
To the Duke of Suffolk
To Thomas, Cardinal, Archbishop of York
To the Bishop of Winchester
To Charles Somerset, Earl of Worcester
To George, Earl of Shrewsbury
To Sir Thomas Lovel
To William Compton
To John Meautis, Secretary of the King of
To Clarenceux King-at-Arms
French. Book of accounts concerning the payment of
pensions to the King of England and to English
subjects. pp. 2.
M. Bib. Nat.
MSS. E. 59. f. 10v.
266. King Charles Of Spain to the Bishop Of Worcester,
Ambassador of the King Of England in Rome.
Has been informed of the signal services he has rendered
to him in Rome. Would be glad to show his gratitude if
any opportunity for doing so should offer. Has recommended
the business of Johannes Roscius, his nephew, to the Viceroy
of Naples.—Zaragossa, the 10th of December 1518.
Latin. Original register of the Secretary Gaspar Arghensis.