M. Re. Ac. d. Hist
Salazar. A. 20.
f. 6. f. 11.
315. Juan Manuel, Imperial Ambassador in Rome, to the
Gave his (the Emperor's) promises in writing to the Pope,
who declared himself satisfied with them, and had them put
in a cover, sealed and kept under lock and key, in order that
the secret should not be betrayed to the French.
The French intrigue in Rome with "dreadful" energy.
Told the Pope that he (the Emperor) had not yet decided
whether he would come to Italy or not. The French boast
that they will soon conquer the whole of Italy.
Robert de la Mark.
The King of France proposes to the Pope an interview in
The Pope begins to lose his fear that he (the Emperor) will
conclude an alliance with France.
Thinks it is right that he should fortify Meran and
Marquis of Mantua.
It is highly desirable to amuse the Swiss, although it will
be difficult to do so, if "the fair words are not intermingled
The Queen of Naples.
News from England has arrived. In Rome the King of
England is not supposed to be a good friend of his (the
The Pope is very angry that the infantry in Sicily has been
disbanded, and permitted to plunder friends and foes. He
speaks very badly of princes who undertake to carry on war
Whilst he is writing this letter the Pope sends to tell him
that he does not wish anything to be changed with respect to
the 3,000 Swiss. He proposes that they should be paid by
himself, the Emperor, and the King of England, and if the
King of England should refuse to pay his part, that the Pope
and he the (Emperor) alone should pay them.
Had a long conversation with the Pope on the licentious
behaviour of the unpaid soldiery, and the means for paying and
disciplining them. It seems that the French intend to enlist
the disbanded soldiers.
Has already written to him that the Pope prefers first to
conclude a defensive league with him alone, without the King
of England, and afterwards to enter into negotiations with
the King of England. His Holiness has sent him the articles
of that league. Does not quite understand what the articles
of the treaty signify, but has suppressed as much as he could,
and sends him what remains of the treaty. The Pope
thinks the defensive league is only a sham, and says
that the King of England is by no means determined to be
his (the Emperor's) friend in a war with the King of France.
Observed to the Pope that it is not just that he (the Emperor)
should pay twice as much as his Holiness The Pope answered
that he contributed not only money, but assisted also with
his spiritual weapons.
The Pope spoke again of the bad discipline of the infantry.
Ambassador of Poland. Prussia.
Rebellion in Anatolia against the Turks.
The Pope sent the Archbishop of Capua to him, and told
him that he wished the time fixed in the paper he had delivered
to him to be further postponed.
Learns from a well-informed person that the King of
England has not asked the Pope to reconcile himself with the
King of France. He has neither persuaded him to do so, nor
dissuaded him from doing so.—Rome, the 7th of January 1521.
Addressed : "... Cœsar ... King, &c.,
our sovereign Lord."
Indorsed : "From Rome. To the King. Don Juan
Manuel. The 7th of January. Answered."
Spanish. Autograph in cipher. Contemporary deciphering.
M. Re. Ac. d. Hist.
Salazar. A. 20.
316. Lope Hurtado De Mondoza to the Emperor.
[The despatch is written partly in common writing, partly
in cipher, which has remained undeciphered. Judging by what
is written in common writing, the despatch treats of the local
affairs of Italy. In the margin are notes written by Gattinara,
a great portion of which is only to the purport that it is not
necessary to answer the letter.]
The Cardinal of England has asked to be nominated legate
during the period of his life. The Pope, however, has made him
legate for ten years only.—Rome, the 13th of January 1520.
Addressed : "To his sacred Catholic Majesty, the Emperor
and King, our sovereign Lord."
Spanish. Autograph, pp. 6.
M. D. Pas. de G.
Pap. r. a. l. H.
317. Juan Manuel, Imperial Ambassador in Rome, to the
The Pope is going to a place some five or six leagues distant
from Rome, on a hunting party. Is ill, and cannot see the
Pope. Has, however, good mediators, by means of whom he
carries on his negotiations with his Holiness. The foremost
of them is Hieronymo Adorno, a faithful servant, and a man
of great capacity of mind.
With respect to the see of Toledo, the Pope will do whatever
he likes, in case the see should become vacant. There
are 500 or 600 persons who are asking the Pope to give them
the cardinal's hat.
Abbacies of Cambray. Bishopric of Pamplona.
Has already written to him that the French are openly
showing their dissatisfaction with the Pope. From what he has
since learnt, he thinks that their dissatisfaction is only a
pretence. They are carrying on negotiations with his Holiness
concerning the conquest of Naples.
The Pope desires nothing more ardently than to drive the
French out of Italy, and would, for that purpose, readily
enter into the alliance (between the Emperor and the King
of England). If he should nevertheless conclude an alliance
with France, he would do so from utter fear and despair. The
Pope is afraid lest he (the Emperor) should put him off with
fair words. His Holiness thinks that his dilatory and dissembling
policy is prejudicial to the Holy See, as well as to
the Imperial interests.
The Pope sent to tell him that it would be madness in him
to place himself under the protection of the Emperor as long
as he is in such great difficulties in his own states, viz., Spain,
Naples, and Sicily, and has not succeeded in winning over
the Swiss to his cause, or even secured a reliable friendship
with the King of England. As soon, however, as he has put
in order his home affairs, and has got reliable allies, the Pope
said he would like to be guided by him in all and every
respect whatever. His Holiness thinks he (the Emperor) has
greatly erred in the past, since it depended only on him to
render himself master of Italy, and earn thereby so high a
reputation that neither his subjects nor foreign princes would
have dared to contradict him. Another opportunity offers
itself at the present conjuncture, but he must be a man of
action, and not a procrastinator and dissembler. Dissembling,
his Holiness observed, may be very well when the stake is
gained, but it is of no use as long as one has to play for it.
The Pope thinks that his (the Emperor's) power is much more
in appearance than in reality. But although weak in every
other respect, he would be strong in a war with France, for
the Church, the whole of Italy, and all the other princes bear
so much ill will towards the French. Hears these and other
similar observations daily on all sides, and his answer is, that
if he (the Emperor) is strong in a war with France, he would
be equally strong in a war with the Pope. Begs him not to
tell the nuncio what he writes to him.
The Seigneur of Carpi. It would be a pleasant thing to
play the French a trick by gaining him over to the Imperial
Begs him to secure a good pension to the Cardinal de
Medicis on the archbishopric of Toledo.
The Adorni are endeavouring to expel the Fregosi from
People in Rome wonder that the army in Naples is allowed
Church preferment in Catalonia.
The Cardinal de Medicis is in Florence.
No money is to be had from Naples. The Viceroy has not
enough men-at-arms to keep the infantry in order. Asked
the Pope to send troops to Naples.
The Pope has revoked his orders concerning the Inquisition
When this letter was finished the Pope sent to tell him
that he will not send troops to Naples.
Bishopric of Cambray.—Rome, the 28th of January 1521.
Addressed : "Cœsar, King of Spain, &c., our sovereign
Indorsed : "To the King. 1521. Rome. From Juan
Manuel, the 28th of January."
Spanish. Autograph in cipher. Deciphering by the
Secretary of State, Quintana. pp. 8.
M. Re. Ac. d. Hist.
Salazar. A. 20.
318. Juan Manuel, Imperial Ambassador in Rome, to the
His last letter was dated the 28th. The Pope insists that
the disorders committed by the Neapolitan infantry in the
Papal States shall be put an end to.
The Pope says he has only trifled with the French, telling
them that he will first see what will be done in the Diet, and
that he will afterwards conclude with them. Knows, however,
that the Pope has concluded a treaty with Carpi and
St. Marsan, concerning Naples, Sicily, and other matters, all
in prejudice of him (the Emperor). Has spoken with the Pope
about this treaty, and his Holiness has told him that he will
postpone his final decision until next spring, during which time
he (the Emperor) can come to a decision whether he will or will
not undertake a common war against France. The Pope further
says he will give him time until the month of March for
winning over the King of England, according to his promise,
to an alliance with him (the Emperor) and the Apostolic
See. If he cannot fulfil his promise, the Pope will not
consider himself bound to him. His Holiness begs him not
to consult with his Council on this subject, as his councillors
are not, all of them, discreet.
If he has not brought about an alliance between the Pope,
the King of England, and himself, when next March has
arrived, his Holiness will conclude a confederacy with the
Venetians, some of the Swiss Cantons, the King of France,
and the Italian princes, and will do him much harm. Thinks
he is sometimes deceived by his servants, who sympathize
with the French.
The Pope thinks that if he (the Emperor) concludes an
alliance with France, he will ruin himself.
Letters from France state that the King is dangerously ill,
in consequence of the blow he has received on his head.
The Pope sends his nuncio his brief of censures against
those who favour Martin Luther in the Diet.
Waits impatiently for letters from him. — Rome, the 30th
of January 1521.
Addressed : "... Cœsar, King of Spain, &c., ...
Indorsed : "To the King. 1521. Rome. Don Juan
Manuel. The 30th of January."
Spanish. Autograph in cipher. Contemporary deciphering,