Spain: September 1524

Pages 666-669

Calendar of State Papers, Spain, Volume 2, 1509-1525. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1866.

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September 1524

2 Sept.
M. Re. Ac. d. Hist. Salazar. A. 32. f. 131.
683. The Duke Of Sessa, Imperial Ambassador in Rome, to the Emperor.
Wrote to him the other day a short letter, as the Pope had advised him not to send anything else by that courier, who went by way of France, Count Carpi having given him a safe-conduct.
Monsieur de la Roche died so suddenly that it was impossible to speak with him about his papers, which remain in the possession of his secretary Guillaume. There was not even time to give him the sacraments. The Pope has treated him like a loving friend.
As the secretary of Monsieur de la Roche says he cannot show him (the Duke) the papers of his late master, it is difficult for him to continue the negotiations.
Wrote to him (the Emperor) on the 25th and 27th of last month, and informed him of the state in which affairs then were. The Pope had given copies of the articles of the truce which he proposed to the ambassadors of the King of England and of the King of France, to Monsieur de la Roche, and to him (the Duke of Sessa). Monsieur de la Roche and he answered as they were ordered to answer in their instructions. The ambassadors of France and of England gave also their answers. From the answer of the English ambassador two difficulties result, viz., he asks that the truce shall last until April next, and no longer ; and that the 100,000 ducats of the pension of the King of England which fall due in April shall be paid by him (the Emperor), and not by the King of France. The ambassador of the King of France, after having indulged in a great many subtilties with respect to the clause which says that the contracting powers are to remain in possession of what they at present hold, asked the restitution of Milan and Tournay. He says he has only a limited power, and cannot enter into negotiations concerning the payment of the 100,000 ducats to the King of England, which question will be settled in the definitive peace.
The Pope is of opinion that the truce should be concluded for a very short period of time, during which all disputes can be arranged. If that time does not suffice, the truce can be prorogued.
All negotiations have been suspended since the death of Monsieur de la Roche. His Holiness intends again to send the Archbishop of Capua to him, to the King of England, and to the King of France. The Archbishop will leave in five or six days, first see the King of France, and then go to him (the Emperor). The Pope does what he can to bring about a peace. The person who brings him this letter is a zealous servant of his (the Emperor's). Begs he may be rewarded and sent back.
No news from his army or from the army of the King of France has been received in Rome. Genoa.
Bishop of Civita di Chieti. Cruzada.—Rome, the 2nd of September 1524.
Addressed : "To the most sacred and ... our sovereign Lord."
Indorsed : "To the King. 1524. Rome. Duke of Sessa. The 2nd of September."
Spanish. Autograph in cipher. Contemporary deciphering. pp. 4.
11 Sept.
M. Re. Ac. d. Hist. Salazar. A. 32. f. 156.
684. Charles De Lanoy, Viceroy Of Naples, to the Emperor.
Has sent him letters before and after Figueroa arrived, and the last time on the 6th of the present month.
Since his arrival in Lombardy none of the allies have paid their contributions. It is incredible how difficult it is to procure the money which is necessary for the maintenance of the army.
Has employed the money from Naples in paying the infantry from the middle of May to the middle of June, reserving the 200,000 ducats he (the Emperor) had sent him for the enterprise of the Duke of Bourbon on Provence. Did not know then that the King of England would send 100,000 ducats.
Did all that was possible for him to do to get the money for the pay of the men-at-arms. Knew that it was quite impossible to obtain any money in Naples or in Milan, from which latter city all the merchants had fled, on account of the pestilence. Went, therefore, to Genoa. Although the pestilence was very bad in Genoa, and had even invaded the house of the Doge, he found there some merchants who promised to lend him money. As they, however, had no friends in Genoa, it was necessary to send for the money to Florence, Rome, and other places. Thus the pay of the men-at-arms was retarded, and they entered Provence late. It was not his fault. He had exposed his life in order to get the necessary money.
Considering that the King of England would not invade France ; that he (the Emperor) alone had to bear the whole burden of the war ; that the Swiss were inclined to send a succour of 6,000 men to the French ; that Marseilles was well provided with men, artillery, and provisions ; that the French fleet was the mistress of the seas, and could every day land new reinforcements in Marseilles ; that the Imperial army in Provence had not an efficient commander-in-chief ; and that the captains were of different opinions ; he sent Villegas de Peralta to the Abbot of Najera, asking him to propose to the Duke of Bourbon one of the following three things, viz. to send him a succour of infantry, or to send him some money, or to attack the Dauphinate. The Duke answered that he did not want one of these three things, but all three together, that is to say, more infantry, money, and a diversion produced by an attack on the Dauphinate. It was impossible for him to do what the Duke asked of him. Has ordered some German troops to march as fast as possible to Italy, and has written to Naples for money, although he has little hope that money is to be had.
The Duke of Savoy has written to him that, besides the 6,000 Swiss who are on their way to succour the French army, the King of France has 8,000 Germans and some Swiss troops.
Begs him to decide what his army in Provence is to do.— Asti, the 11th of September 1524.
Addressed : "To his Sacred and Catholic Majesty."
Indorsed : "To his Majesty. The Viceroy of Naples. The 11th of September 1524. Answered."
Spanish. Autograph. pp. 3.
15 Sept.
M. Re. Ac. d. Hist. Salazar. A. 32. f. 164.
685. The Abbot Of Najera to the Emperor.
Movements of the army. Want of money.
After his last letters had arrived the Duke of Bourbon, the Marquis of Pescara, the other captains of the army, and the ambassador of England held a conference, and decided to send Loquinguen to him, beseeching him to concert measures with the King of England, and to provide for the maintenance of the army after the 100,000 ducats from the King of England should have been spent. It is of the greatest importance, whether peace be made or the war continued, that the army be not disbanded. The King of France hopes it will be, and if his hopes are fulfilled he will remain stronger than before, and Italy will recognize him as her master. Neither he nor the King of England can permit such a thing.
If it is impossible for him to invade France on the frontiers of Perpignan, he begs him to arm thirty vessels and to send the German troops which are in Perpignan to the army which is in Provence.
The English ambassador who is with the army in Provence has complained that the Imperial ambassador in Rome was about to conclude a truce with the King of France, and that the truce would actually have been signed if the English ambassador had not opposed it. He said that the enterprise on Provence was undertaken not so much in order to defend Italy, and to execute what had been settled between him (the Emperor) and the King of England, as with the intention of opening for him (the King of England) the way to Italy. He insisted that the treaty between him and the King of England must be strictly executed. As the English ambassador is much appreciated by the King of England, he gave him very detailed explanations, which seemed to satisfy him. The English ambassador has, on the whole, behaved very well, and he is again writing letters to the King and to the Cardinal of England warmly recommending the enterprise on Provence, and urgently begging them to provide also in future for the maintenance of the army.—Camp before Marseilles, the 15th of September 1524.
Addressed : "To his most Sacred, Imperial, and Catholic Majesty."
Indorsed : "To the King. 1524. From Marseilles. From the Abbot of Najera, the 15th of September."
Spanish. Autograph. pp. 4.
26 Sept.
M. Re. Ac. d. Hist. Salazar. A. 32. f. 176.
686. Francis, King Of France, to Mahomet, King Of Tunis.
Thanks him for his splendid embassy, for his costly presents, and for his offer to succour him.
The King of Spain and Emperor Elect, the King of England, and the Italian allies of the Emperor and the King of England have invaded his province of Provence and besieged Marseilles. The besieging army has, however, been obliged to raise the siege and betake themselves to an ignominious flight, leaving behind them their engines of war. His army followed the enemy, causing him great losses.—Avignon, the 26th of September 1524.
Indorsed : "Copy of a letter from the King of France to the King of Tunis."
Indorsed in the hand of Alfonso de Soria, secretary of the Emperor : "1524. The King of France to the King of Tunis."
Latin. Contemporary copy. p. 1.