Calendar of State Papers, Spain, Volume 6 Part 2, 1542-1543. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1895.
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Aarschot, du. of, Field-Marshal of Flanders and the Low Countries, v. Croy (Philippe de).
Abbeville in Picardy (dep. Somme), 50, 294, 311, 339, 346, 358.
-, is without a sufficient garrison, 311.
-, -, a large span of its surrounding wall having lately fallen to the ground (Apr. 1543), ibid.
-, gov. of, v. Crequi.
Aberdeen, bp. of, v. Stewar (William).
Abruzzo, the, in Naples, 209.
-, Alto or Upper, 50.
Ab Abdillah, k. of Tlemsn in N. Africa, friend and ally of the Spaniards, 550.
Acheleya (Aquileia), in Illyria, 508, 521.
-, Patriarch of, v. Grimano.
Acquen (Aachen?), 358.
Admiral, High, of England, v. Russel.
-, vice, v. Briant.
-, of France, v. Brion-Chabot.
-, of the Low Countries, v. Bvres.
-, of Spain, v. Baon (Alvaro de).
Admiralty, Court of the, in England, 77.
Adolphus, coadjutor of Cologne, intercedes with the Emp. in favor of the du. of Clves (Sept. 1543), 477.
Adriatic sea, 582.
Africa, coast of, and Spain to be guarded against Barbarossa, 381, 385.
African expeditions, v. Algiers, Tunis.
-, frontiers with Spain, 573.
Aguas Mortas, v. Aigues Mortes.
Aguila, in Naples, v. Aquila.
Aguilar de Campos, town of Spain (pro. Old Castille), Int. xliv.
-, marq. de, v. Manrique (D. Juan).
Aigues Mortes, in the French Roussillon (dep. Gers), the Emp.'s adventurous voyage from Nizza to, July 1538, alluded to, 117.
-, trace with France concluded at, 1178.
-, the Dauphin of France visiting Barbarossa's fleet at (Aug. 1543), 463.
Aix (Ax), town of, France (dep. Arige) gov. of, v. Freschillon.
Aix-la-Chapelle (Aachen), 358.
Alba [de Aliste], town of, in Extremadura (Spain).
-, -, co. de, v. Henriqnez de Guzman (D. Diego).
-, [de Tormes], town of, Extremadura (Spain), 4501.
-, -, let. from, 198.
-, -, du. of, v. Alvarez de Toledo (D. Fernando).
Albis (Elbe), river of Germany. Death of Alonso Idiaquez at the crossing of the (1547), 138 n.
Albret (Henri II. d'), titular k. of Navarre, 21, 26, 118.
-, -, to be sent to Guienue with a force of 6,000 Germans and 2,000 Gascons, 56.
-, -, gov. of Chateau Trompette in Bordeaux (1543), 372.
-, (Jeanne d'), dau. of Henri: married to the du. of Clves, 26 n.
-, (Dame d'), wife of Henri II. d'Albret, 118; v. Margaret of Navarre.
-, sieur de, 118; v. Henri II.
Albuquerque, du. of, v. Cueva (D. Beltram de la).
Alcal de Henares, town of, New Castille (Spain), the Emp. leaving Madrid for (1 March 1543), 236 n., 583.
Alcaudete, co. de, v. Cordoba y Velasco.
Aldborough, on the Yorkshire coast, 421
-, "Marie Fortune (La)," a merchantvessel from, ibid.
Alenon, duchy of, in France, Chancellor of the, v. Brinon.
Algiers, in N. Africa, expedition to in 1542, alluded to, 120, 199, Int. i.
-, the Emp.'s return from, 190, 204.
-, State Papers relating to Flanders lost during the Emp.'s expedition to (1541), 105.
Alguer (Arguel), v. Argyll and Campbell.
Alliance between England and the Empire, first overtures for an, made by Gardiner at Ratisbon (Jan. 1541), 4, Int. i. ii.
-, said to be much desired by k. Henry, 3.
-, the Emp.'s powers and instructions to Chapuys to negociate the, 18.
-, commissioners or deputies appointed by k. Henry to treat of the (May 1542), 9, 19, 30.
-, -, the negociations beginning at Greenwich and Hampton Court in the King's presence (June 1542), 1939.
-, -, -, to be kept secret for fear of the French, 5, 15.
-, -, -, -, who have already alluded to them, 30.
-, the Emp.'s directions to Chapuys as to the manner of negociating the, 47.
-, -, if merely defensive, Chapuys is to take care that all the Emp.'s dominions, the Low Countries and Navarre, be included in the, 5.
-, -, the help and assistance on the part of the Eng. to be in money, if not entirely, at least for the most part, ibid.
-, -, England's assistance against the Turk to he one of the principal objects of the, 7, 22.
-, -, the Emp.'s old confederacy with Scotland not to be mentioned, if possible, in the discussion of the articles, 7.
-, -, nothing to be stipulated tacitly or expressly against the Holy Father or the authority of the Apostolic See, 5.
-, -, not to treat directly or indirectly of matters relating to Princess Mary, 7.
-, -, Chapuys to do his best for the alliance to be also offensive, and particularly against the k. of France and his allies, 5.
-, -, if offensive against all enemies, the Emp. to be helped to the recovery of Ghelders and Zutphen, usurped by the du. of Clves, ibid.
-, Gardiner and Thirlby expressly deputed to negociate with Chapuys (June 1542), 22.
-, -, advise him as to the best manner of addressing the king on the subject, 234.
-, -, the preliminaries of the treaty of, discussed in the king's presence, 2439.
-, the negociations for, carried on slowly and with great difficulty, 19, 33.
-, -, owing chiefly to differences of opinion on certain articles, 34.
-, respecting the intercourse of trade between England and the Low Countries, the Royal Deputies attempt to introduce a clause decidedly injurious to the latter, 19.
-, -, refuse to include in the defensive league the Flemish, Milanese, Neapolitans, and other subjects of Charles, 1920.
-, -, -, only the Spaniards in case of an invasion from Monsr. d'Albret, ibid.
-, -, -, Italy and the Empire, however, to be excluded, 27.
-, -, refuse also to include in the art. of the Rebels those of the Low Countries; or of the Empire, 19.
-, -, insist on the defensive league beginning exactly at the same time and conjointly with the offensive, ibid.
-, -, -, on the period for the invasion of France being fixed beforehand, and not being later than July 1543, 20.
-, no positive and express declaration against the two dukes of Holstein and Clves could be obtained, the Deputies pretending that the art. of the defence is sufficient for all purposes, ibid.
-, q. Mary consulted by Chapuys on certain arts. of the proposed treaty, 32.
-, -, Chapuys, himself, going to Brussels for the purpose (June 1542), 33.
-, the art. of the "Rebels" and their extradition again discussed, 334.
-, -, stoutly opposed by Chapuys by q. Mary's orders, as couched by the Roy. deputies, ibid.
-, -, -, since its tendency is to make the, defensive rather than offensive, 34.
-, -, -, the deputies trying to prove that the former will be more beneficial for the Emp., 346.
-, -, that of the defensive league and its duration very much disputed, 35.
-, -, -, the Royal deputies insisting on its lasting only four months, 36.
-, -, -, the Imp. amb. asking for five, ibid.
-, the negociations for the, take suddenly a more favourable turn, 37.
-, -, owing most probably to the suggestions respecting Montreuil, and a raid into the Boullonais made by Du Rulx, 38.
-, already the K., as his deputies assert, is inclined to contribute towards the expenses of the war against the Turk, 39.
-, the treaty to remain a secret for some time to come until its final ratification, that the Eng. merchants may in the meantime dispose of the goods and property they may have in France, ibid.
-, the articles of the defensive, settled between the Imp. amb. and the King's commissioners, 39.
-, -, a rough draft of them to be sent to Spain for the Emp.'s approval, 39.
-, Chapuys proposes that pensions be granted to, and presents distributed among the K.'s privy councillors and ministers, 42.
-, attested copies of the Act (Oct. 1541) stipulating mutual secrecy with regard to the negociations for the, sent by Chapuys to q. Mary (3 July 1542), 47.
-, -, also of that prescribing that neither of the contracting parties shall treat with the common enemy without the approval and consent of the other, ibid.
-, negociations for the, pursued: offensive league against France proposed in England (July 1542), 49.
-, -, k. Henry showing great inclination towards it, ibid.
-, in the event of an offensive, against France, k. Henry would like that the Emp. should cede to him his rights to certain towns of Picardy (July 1542), 50.
-, -, in exchange for which k. Henry would willingly pass over to the Emp. his rights and pretensions to Guienne and Gascony, 51.
-, bp. Thirlby to Spain with the draft of the projected treaty, 39, 43.
-, -, Chapuys procures by stealth a copy of it, which he forwards to Granvelle, 413.
-, the draft, as it is to be examined in the Emp.'s council, 92, 214.
-, -, said to be at variance with Chapuys' copy, 214.
-, -, said to contain still many words and sentences requiring explanation and correction, ibid.
-, -, the Emp.'s objections to some of its arts., and chiefly to the VI. and VII., 92, 110.
-, -, q. Mary's own, respecting the Low Countries, 1056.
-, -, Montmorency sent expressly to England to represent them (Oct. 1542), 1445.
-, negociations in England pending the Emp.'s answer (Sept. 1542), 12830.
-, q. Mary's instructions to Chapuys and Montmorency respecting the manner of negociating the treaty of (Oct. 1542), 1538.
-, the defensive alliance, and the "Spirituality" again discussed, 1612.
-, -, the art. of the Spirituality amended, 165, 1789.
-, -, term of its duration discussed, 162.
-, -, -, to last at least five months, 180.
-, should k. Henry be at war with the Scotch and the Emp. with the French or the Turks in Italy, it will be difficult to avoid giving assistance to England, 162, 1801.
-, -, if Chapuys cannot persuade the Royal deputies to yield on that point, the Emp. must be consulted (writes Mary, Nov. 1542), 181.
-, Arts. V. and VII. again warmly discussed in the Privy Council, 1489, 1512, 1639, 176, 180.
-, -, various amendments proposed and partly accepted, 15975, 1789.
-, Art. II. of the "hantise" residence and frequentation of the Emp.'s subjects in England for the purpose of trade or otherwise warmly discussed, 154.
-, -, Chapuys alleging by q. Mary's commands that there is no reciprocity, inasmuch as the law of England differs materially from that of the Low Countries, ibid.
-, the amendment proposed by the Royal deputies of "Salvis legibus et constitutionibus &c." not being considered sufficient, ibid.
-, Art. V. of the projected treaty to be suppressed, and the VI. and VII. to follow the IV., 179.
-, -, q. Mary, consulted by Chapuys, consents to it, though she suspects the alteration proposed to be owing to some mysterious cause, ibid.
-, Arts. VI. and VII., as couched in the draft, warmly disputed by Chapuys and Montmorency, 151, 1638, 172, 1779.
-, -, the Royal deputies refusing to admit the restriction proposed of secular princes or powers, 177.
-, the idea of the Low Countries contributing to the defences by sea abandoned, 180.
-, Arts. XV. and XVIII. on the intercourse of trade between England and the Low Countries greatly objected to by q. Mary, 180.
-, -, to be modified or amended in the interest of the Emp.'s subjects, who would otherwise receive great injury through it, 181.
-, the negociations for the treaty of, suspended, owing to the Emp.'s answer being delayed (Nov. 1542), 181.
-, -, resumed, 182, 1867.
-, Arts. VI. and VII. of the treaty of, again discussed, 1879.
-, Henry's final resolution purposely delayed, 18990.
-, no likelihood (writes Chapuys to q. Mary) of the treaty of, being concluded in the express words the Emp. wishes it, unless k. Henry knows first what k. Francis will say to it (Dec. 1542), 192.
-, -, should late events in Scotland be taken into consideration, the K. is sure to stipulate for fresh conditions, ibid.
-, more amendments proposed by the privy councillors, 2145, 220, 2234, 237, 241.
-, -, accepted by Chapuys on condition that the Emp. will be consulted, 225.
-, -, -, which condition the Royal deputies refuse to grant, ibid.
-, the negociations for the, about to be closed satisfactorily for both the contracting parties, a last difficulty arose, namely, the titles to be given to Henry in the preamble to the treaty, 239.
-, -, how matters were arranged on Chapuys' suggestion, 240.
-, though the nominal inclusion of the two dukes (Clves and Holstein) could not be obtained, the privy councillors assure Chapuys that k. Henry considers both of them common enemies of the allied powers, 240.
-, treaty concluded and signed by Chapuys, who sends a copy of it to Spain for the Emp.'s ratification (12 Feb. 1543), 241
-, -, Chapuys' own idea of it, ibid.
-, -, considering the position of affairs, and fearing k. Henry's anger, as well as Francis' intrigues, he (the Imp. amb.) could not help signing it, ibid.
-, after close examination, the treaty of, as it is, will be found satisfactory enough under the circumstances, ibid.
-, -, a good bargain having been made, and mutual confidence once established between the parties, the Emp. will get out of k. Henry anything he desires, ibid.
-, treaty of, finally concluded and signed by Chapuys (12 Feb. 1543), 239, 2413, Int. xiv.
-, -, copies of it sent to Flanders and to Spain, 262
-, -, -, to Granvelle at Nrnberg, ibid.
-, -, Paul greatly alarmed at the news of it, ibid.
-, -, the Emp. much pleased with the, 275
-, -, ratified by the Emp. in the presence of Bonner (April 1543), 306, 342, Int. xv.
-, k. Henry wishing that the, remain secret until its final ratification (March 1543), 275.
-, -, Chapuys, however, writes to q. Mary that in his opinion she might without risk communicate the substance of it to her ministers, ibid.
-, -, -, as that would turn out to her own profit in the standing negociations with Clves and Holstein, ibid.
-, -, its ratification in England postponed for a few days in consequence of the Royal sec., who had the papers, being out of town (May 1543), 336, Int. xv.
-, -, ratified by k. Henry, and proclaimed in London by public crier (beg. of Aug. 1543), 461.
-, -, Henry's oath to observe all and every one of its articles, 423.
-, -, q. Mary applying for a copy of it (2 June 1543), 423.
-, k. Francis, as appears from intercepted lets. of his to his amb. at Rome, complaining of the English, and trying to incite Paul against the Emp. and k. Henry, 401, 422.
-, Pope Paul resenting the conclusion of the, with England, 367.
-, -, the Emp. could not do less than ratify it (said the Emp. to the Pope at Bussetto), 558.
-, the treaty of, after its conclusion and ratification, alluded to or invoked by both the contracting parties or their ambassadors, 237, 275, 282, 314, 31920, 3545, 365, 390, 401, 406, 416, 421, 426, 441, 50810, 578, Int. xxiii.
-, French. Of k. Francis with Denmark and Sweden, 150.
-, -, treaty of, 545.
-, -, -, to be shown to James V. k. of Scotland, by Morvilliers, 219.
-, -, -, not shown to Henry by Marillac or L'Aubespine, 85, Int. xxviii.
-, -, one proposed by the du. of Orleans (k. Francis' son), to the Landgraf of Hesse and other Protestant princes, 47981.
-, -, -, instructions to Antoine Maillet to negociate it (Sept. 1543), 221.
-, Imperial. Treaty of, between Charles V. and the du. of Clves, 219.
-, -, the old confederacy and, between Spain and Scotland not to be mentioned, if possible, whilst discussing the preliminaries of the treaty with England, 7.
Alps, on the other side of the, 69.
-, on both sides of the, 346.
-, Papal Legates returning from missions beyond the, generally received in Consistory, 260.
Althenay, v. Artenay.
Alvarez de Toledo (D. Fadrique), second du. of Alba, Int. xlv.
-, (D. Fernando), third du. of Alba, 150 n., 352, 44351, Int. xlv.
-, -, Perpignan relieved by (Sept.Oct. 1542), 143, 150, Int. xlv.
-, -, appointed member of the Council of Regency in Spain (1543), 587.
-, -, at Valladolid (Aug. 1543), 4501, 453.
-, -, let. to the Emp., 191*
-, (D. Garcia), son of D. Fadrique, second du. of Alba, and father of D. Fernando, third du. of Alba, 150 n.
-, -, killed at Los Gelves (Gerba) in N. Africa (1519), 150 n.
Amalphi (Amalfi), town of, v. Piccolomini.
-, -, their privileges in general invoked by Francis owing to Marillac's detention at Calais, 302.
-, -, the declaration of war from a prince to another is more the business of kings at-arms or heralds than of, and people of quality and rank, 347.
-, Foreign, in England. Did not, according to rule, call on the K. without having previously applied for an audience, 77.
-, -, how treated, 218.
-, -, presents to, on their departure, v. Orthez, Montmorency.
-, English, in Spain (May 1542), v. Bonner, Knyvet.
-, -, discuss with Granvelle in Spain the preliminaries of the treaty of alliance, 57.
-, -, an extraordinary one to be sent to the Emp. in Spain (June 1542), 36, 44, 49.
-, -, -, all efforts should be made (writes Chapuys to q. Mary) that the bp. of Winchester be appointed, 44.
-, -, -, -, as he is a person of good sense and wit, who knows well the K. 's nature and character, 45.
-, -, -, the bp. of Westminster (Thirlby) finally chosen, 37, 49.
-, -, from June to July 1542 Bonner and Thirlby together; discuss with the Emp.'s ministers at Monon the articles of the projected treaty (Aug. 1542), 928, 1001, 105, 1079, 129.
-, -, on Thirlby's return to England (Oct. 1542), the negociations for the treaty of, are resumed, 146, 148, 214, 270, 272.
-, -, to the Emp. in Germany (1541), v. Gardiner, Knyvet.
-, -, (Oct. 1542) v. Bonner (Edmund), Briant (Sir Francis).
-, -, -, their joint mission and credentials, 4945.
-, -, -, the Privy Council's Instructions to, 251.
-, -, -, the five points of their joint mission, 4967, 508.
-, -, -, how answered by Granvelle in the Emp.'s name, 50810.
-, -, to q. Mary in Flanders and the Low Countries (1541), v. Carne (Dr. Edward), Vaughan (Dr. Stephen).
-, -, -, their correspondence alluded to (July 1542), 69.
-, -, Chapuys proposes that one, be sent to Brussels to reside there, 148, 168.
-, -, -, a discreet, amiable and tractable person with whom the Q. may frequently communicate, 270.
-, -, the proposition rejected at first by k. Henry on the plea that no advantage could result for himself from such a mission (Nov. 1542), 148, 171.
-, -, -, for the Q.'s ministers and councillors are not his friends, 168.
-, -, the application being renewed (March 1543), k. Henry tells Chapuys that there will be no difficulty in appointing one to reside at Brussels, 270, 272, 280.
-, -, Sir Thomas Seymour named with Dr. Carne or Layton probably to be his colleague, 275, 278, 280.
-, -, -, and will not fail to do good offices (writes Chapuys to q. Mary), 275.
-, -, -, and to behave more honourably and cleverly than the one who resided at the Imp. Court some years before, ibid.
-, -, Dr. Nicholas Wotton, dean of Canterbury, finally appointed to be Seymour's colleague in the embassy, ibid.
-, -, Seymour and Wotton will depart shortly for Brussels (9 April), 301.
-, -, -, and be the bearers of k. Henry's final determination in the matter of help and assistance to the Low Countries (2 May), 823.
-, -, -, cross the Channel (May), 328.
-, -, -, arrive at Brussels on the eve of Pentecost, and are kindly received by q. Mary, 334.
-, -, -, strongly insisting upon the English merchants being exempted from the 1 p. c. import duty (July 1543), 356, 3667, 404, 405, 438.
-, -, -, apply to q. Mary for provisions and wagons for the English force about to cross the Channel, 414.
-, -, -, complain in writing that the fleet of the Low Countries has not yet made its appearance in the Channel as stipulated in the treaty (Art. XXI.), 4401.
-, -, -, their intemperate and hasty let. to q. Mary on the subject, 186 a.
-, -, on Chapuys' strong representations, the privy councillors end by admitting that the amb.'s let. was really both hasty and indiscreet, 470.
-, -, -, an apology offered if necessary, ibid.
-, -, one of them (Seymour) to take service under Sir Thomas Cheyne, 416.
-, -, -, recalled (July 1543), 426.
-, -, the other (Dr. Wotton) to remain till Nov. 1543, 426, 525.
-, -, -, and be replaced by the dean of York (Dr. Layton), ibid.
-, -, in France, v. Paget (Sir William).
-, -, to Denmark, one sent by Henry, arrested at the Sond, 315.
-, -, -, said to be an agent of the Eng. merchants in London for the purpose of establishing a fishery in Iceland, ibid.
-, -, -, another agent sent after him to make inquiries, ibid.; v. Watson.
-, -, to Scotland, v. Saddler (Sir Ralph).
-, -, in Venice, 241; v. Harvel (Edmund).
-, Imperial, in England, resident (15423), v. Chapuys (Eustace).
-, -, extraordinary (June 1542), v. Le Sauche (Jehan de), Fallaix (Franois du), Montmorency, Perrenot le Chantonnay, Herbays, Holbeck, Gonzaga (Ferrante).
-, -, in France, v. Marvol (Philippe).
-, -, in Portugal (1542), v. Sarmiento de Mendoza (D. Luis).
-, -, in Genoa, v. Suarez de Figueroa.
-, -, to Hungary and Poland, v. Scepperus.
-, -, in Venice (15423), v. Hurtado de Mendoza (D. Diego).
-, -, at Lucca, 570.
-, -, in Mantua, 570.
-, -, at Rome, v. Aquilar.
-, -, in Siena, 570.
-, -, at Urbino, 570.
-, -, to the Grand Turk (Solyman "the Magnificent"), v. George the Hungarian, Salvi the Venetian.
-, -, the Emp. said to have sent two to Constantinople for the purpose of negociating a truce (Jan. 1543), 239.
-, -, -, and that one of them had been beheaded by order of Solyman, ibid.
-, French, in England (15423), v. Marillac (Charles de), Gellimard (Guillaume), Aubespine, Morvilliers (?), Prothonotary D'Orthez, Aspremont.
-, -, call on the K. and ask permission to leave (March 1543), 287.
-, -, -, to cross over to Calais and remain there till Paget returns to London, ibid.
-, -, the application refused, 288.
-, -, owing to Mr. de Biez' refusal to allow the Imp. heralds to proceed to Francis' Court, the intimation of war to France to be made in London to the, 387.
-, -, -, after which they are to get their passports and be dismissed, ibid.
-, -, Francis offers to send one, to satisfy Henry on all points and make him arbiter of his differences with the Emp., 462.
-, -, in the Emp.'s Court, one gentleman from France sent by card, de Lenoncourt to Valenciennes with proposals of peace in the name of k. Francis (Dec. 1542), 537.
-, -, to q. Mary of Hungary, a gentleman (June 1542), 18.
-, -, to the same, a gentleman of k. Francis' chamber with a present of 12 widgeons (Feb. 1543), 236; v. Regne.
-, -, to Denmark and Sweden. A sec. of k. Francis to solicit the cooperation of those kingdoms for the spring of 1543 (Oct. 1542), 150.
-, -, to Germany. The du. of Orleans' sec. sent on a mission to the Protestant Princes, v. Maillet.
-, -, -, to the Diet at Spires, v. Alenon (chancellor of).
-, -, at Rome, resident (?) has audience from the Pope (Feb. 1543), 259.
-, -, extraordinary, v. Sincy (?).
-, -, -, arrival of (Jan.Feb. 1543), 2567.
-, -, -, has long conferences with the du. of Castro, 25960.
-, -, -, the object of his mission said to be to prevent, if possible, the meeting at Trent of the General Council of the Church, 261.
-, -, -, or to propose a marriage between Horatio Farnese, the Pope's grandson, and a French lady, ibid.
-, -, an intercepted let. of the, containing Francis' formal promise of aiding the Pope against k. Henry, 401, 422.
-, -, -, the let. itself, if advisable, might be shown by Chapuys to the K., 422.
-, -, asks the Cardinal of Mantua (Gonzaga) whether means could not be found of resuming negociations for peace between Francis and the Emp., 452, 466.
-, -, -, and what are Granvelle's views on the subject, ibid.
-, -, the Cardinal's answer to that question, ibid.
-, -, Chapuys instructed by the Emp. not to mention the fact to k. Henry unless the French spoke about it first (Aug. 1543), 466
-, -, to Scotland (Dec. 1541), v. Morvilliers, (1543) v. Stuart-Aubigny (Robert).
-, -, those sent by k. Francis in May 1543 said to have been badly received by the Scotch, 336.
-, -, -, scarcely had the governor, Arran, deigned to speak to them, ibid.
-, -, to the Grand Turk, in 1511, v. Fragoso (Cesare), Rincon (Antonio).
-, -, an agent of k. Francis said to have been killed in Dalmatia by k. Ferdinand's orders whilst going on a mission to the Grand Turk, 204.
-, -, one of k. Francis' at Constantinople making frequent visits to the Arsenal, 195.
-, -, -, and soliciting the armament of Turkish galleys, ibid.
-, -, v. Paulin, baron de la Garde.
-, Austrian, in England, v. Tranquillus Andronicus, Inlernuncio.
-, to Constantinople, v. Lasco (?)
-, -, in Rome (1543), v. Sanchez.
-, -, at Aguilar's desire exhibits before Paul the documents and papers attesting Ferdinand's right to the crown of Hungary (Jan. 1543), 205.
-, of the du. of Clves in England, ministers and agents of Clves in former times; of the du. John the Pacific, 439.
-, -, their conversation with k. Henry on the warlike projects of the Danes, ibid.
-, -, seven sent to the Diet of Nrnberg to defend his case (March 1543), 281.
-, -, one more at the Court of England, 192, 361.
-, -, -, report of his having been sent back to the du. to remonstrate in Henry's name against his breaking the truce, 361.
-, -, -, on Chapuys' suggestion that he ought to be dismissed, the privy councillors allege that he is not the agent of the du., but of his sister Anne, the K.'s repudiated wife (July 1543), 444, 447.
-, of Flanders and the Low Countries, to England, in June 1542, v. Le Sauche (Master Jean or Jehan de), (in 1542) v. Fallaix (Franois du).
-, -, to the Grand Turk at Constantinople, 196.
-, -, -, lodging at the same house as Paulin (Jan. 1543), ibid.
-, Flemish, of q. Mary to Rome, agent for ecclesiastical affairs (15423), v. Antwerp (dean of).
-, from Germany to France, the German princes about to send, to France (May 1542), 12.
-, -, of the Protestant princes in Germany to the Emp. An embassy proposed to excuse themselves of their action in the Brunswick affair (April 1543), 317; v. Hesse-Cassel, Saxony.
-, of the Italian powers at Rome. Of Venice, Genoa, Sienna, Lucca, the dukes of Ferrara, Mantua, Urbino and others, 570.
-, -, the Imp. amb. Vega instructed to keep on courteous terms with them, ibid.
-, of the du. of Lorraine to the Emp. One who had resided for a time at the Emp.'s Court in Belgium, leaves (Dec. 1542), 537.
-, Papal, v. under Nuncios and Legates.
-, Polish, to the Grand Turk. One of Sigismond, k. of Poland, at Constantinople (1543), 268.
-, Portuguese, at Rome, v. Sylva (Miguel da).
-, Scotch, to England, v. Balnavis of Halthil, Hamilton, (Sir William), Leirmouth (Sir James), Glencairn (Lord), Douglas (George).
-, -, One, a steward of k. James, comes to London to treat about the indemnity to the sufferers by the last mutual raids (Aug. 1542), 80, 86.
-, -, suddenly recalled by k. James, in consequence of the Irish having made a raid into Scotland, 115.
-, -, still in London (21 Aug. 1543), ibid.
-, -, not admitted to the K.'s presence, and rudely dismissed (Sept. 1542), 121.
-, -, meeting on the road back to Scotland a herald of k. James, returns to London, ibid.
-, -, -, and asks for a safe-conduct for a great embassy of the K. his master, ibid.
-, -, solicits an audience from k. Henry, 130.
-, -, feels confident that, not with standing the latter's military preparations against Scotland, peace will be made at the York meeting, 135.
-, -, engages in k. James' name, to release all English prisoners, and give compensation for damages caused by the last raids, 140.
-, -, to make league with England against all countries, not excluding even France, ibid.
-, -, being asked to give securities for their engagements, they answer that k. James must first be consulted, ibid.
-, -, -, they themselves offering to remain as hostages until an answer comes from Scotland, ibid.
-, -, k. James (they promise) will come to London before Christmas, ibid.
-, -, -, and hold a conference with k. Henry, ibid.
-, -, an answer expected from Scotland on Sunday, the 30th of Sept., ibid.
-, -, -, which cannot but be favourable (said k. Henry to Chapuys) if James really purposes coming to England, 141.
-, -, show greater coldness than before in the matter of the peace since the arrival of the K.'s answer (Oct. 1543), 144.
-, -, negociations for peace still carried on by the, in London (7 Oct.), 146.
-, -, -, though, in Chapuys' opinion, the, are delaying them as much as they can in order to give the French time to prepare a fleet for the defence of Scotland, ibid.
-, -, They can no longer promise that k. James will come beyond York until his queen [Marie de Guise] has been delivered of a child, ibid.
-, -, two now, from Scotland, shortly expected in London (Feb. 1543), 212.
-, -, -, not yet arrived (17 March 1543), 279.
-, -, -, nor will they come, as reported, until the States of that country are over, ibid.
-, -, arrive in London (7 April), 303.
-, -, -, one of them being the gov.'s first cousin, v. Hamilton (Sir William).
-, -, Nothing known about their mission, for they have not yet had audience from the King, 303.
-, -, -, most probably they come to declare that the Scotch Parliament consents to the proposed marriage of Mary Stuart to prince Edward, but refuses to put her into k. Henry's hands until she is of a marriageable age, ibid.
-, -, out of the three, who were in London, two have left (17 May 1543); only one remains, 331.
-, -, two more expected from hour to hour, one earl [of Glencairn?] and the brother of the earl of Angus (George Douglas), 3312.
-, -, said to be five in all, including George Douglas, 355.
-, -, four of those who came in April still in London (29 May 1543), treated with great consideration, ibid.
-, -, George Douglas, who was the fifth, returns quickly to Scotland, and is expected to be back soon with a resolution favourable to k. Henry, ibid.
-, -, reports of a great embassy coming (17 Oct. 1543), 514.
-, -, k. Henry's privy councillors not knowing what their mission is, nor what the Scotch wish for, ibid.
-, -, -, the Scotch gentleman (Lord Glencairn?) who was here having gone away with a present of 400 crs. from the K., 518.
-, -, daily expected in London, their mission being, as reported, important, 521.
-, from the Waiwod of Transylvania to the Turk, 268.
-, Venetian, in England (153542), v. Zuccato; (1542) Zambon.
-, -, in Rome; one expecting to become soon a cardinal, 261.
-, -, -, negotiating with Paul, ibid.
-, -, in France. One in 1542 not received at first, though very much caressed afterwards by k. Francis and his ministers, 150.
-, -, -, and holding frequent conferences with admiral Brion-Chabot (Oct. 1542), ibid.
-, -, in Turkey, v. San Magno (Marino de).
Amboise, town of France (dep. Indre et Loire), the French Court at, Int. xxiv.
-, Paget's let. to k. Henry from, 656.
Ambourg, v. Hamburgh.
Amesfort, Amisfort, Amersfoort, in Holland (pro. Utrecht), besieged by Van Rossen and the men of Clves, 430, 437.
-, taken (July 1543), 457, 478.
Amizelle (Guillaume d'), Eng. purveyor recommended by Chapuys (Oct. 1542), 147; v. Damsell (William?).
Ampthill in Bedfordshire, the Court at, 5245, 593.
-, lets, dated from, 2612.
Ampton, Anton, v. Hampton Court.
Amsterdam in Holland, Canal of, 66, 439.
Amyens (Amiens) in Picardy (dep. Somme), bailif (bailli) of, v. Helli, Pisselen.
-, gov. of (1543), v. Estres.
-, bp. of, v Helli.
Andronicus, Austrian internuncio (June 1543), v. Tranquillus.
Angelot, a gold coin, 77.
Ango (Jean), capt. of Dieppe (1543), 371.
Angouleme, co. of, v. Valois (Franois de), k. of France.
Angraf, Angravio, v. Hesse-Cassel (Landgraf of).
Anguien, Anguyen, Mr. d', v. Enghien.
Angus, earl of, v. Douglas (Archibald).
-, deputed to go to Marie de Guise (Dec. 1542), 242.
Anne Boleyn, v. Boleyn.
-, de Bretagne, Q. of Louis XII. of France, 150 n.
-, de Clves (Dame), repudiated wife of k. Henry VIII., 278; v. Clves (Anne de).
Annebault, Annebaut, Claude, baron de Retz, Marshal of France (15423), 23, 512.
-, his brother to be made a cardinal, 512.
-, recalled from Piedmont (July 1542), 55.
-, in command of the vanguard of the French army against Flanders (June 1543), 420.
Antibes, town of France (dep. Le Var), 268, 297.
Antwerp in the Netherlands, k. Henry's fears for, 778.
-, French attempt on, frustrated, 80, 90.
-, -, by Van Rossen, 253.
-, Span. courier sent to the Emp. by the merchants of (Aug. 1542), 91.
-, bills of exchange on London (Aug. 1543), 457, 462.
-, new Exchange house at, 3923.
-, printers of, to be punished for publishing heretical books in English, 299.
-, margraf of, instructed to prosecute them, ibid.
-, bankers, 471.
-, dean of, q. Mary's agent at Rome for ecclesiastical affairs, 571.
-, lets, dated from, 3.
-, mart of, should Eng. merchants lose the, through the war, another might soon be found for the disposal of their goods (Sept. 1542), 133.
-, Custom house of, 438.
-, court master of the Eng. merchants at, 78.
-, agent of the Guicciardini at, v. Florentine.
-, spiceries of, 57.
-, Eng. merchants at, lets, for the, 462.
Apostolic See (Holy) at Rome, 1201, 166, 170, 174, 1979, 200, 206, 2089, 244, 263, 279, 385, 498, 526, 559, 560, 5734.
-, Not to be mentioned at all in the art. of the defence were the Emp.'s instructions to Chapuys, 4, 5.
-, its authority to be perfectly safeguarded, 154, 177, 209.
-, the Roy. deputies for the treaty insisting upon the, the Pope himself, or the Ecclesiastical State being mentioned in it, 1789.
-, the art. somewhat amended owing to Chapuys' exertions, but still objected to, 179.
-, alleged injuries and wrongs done by the, to the churches of Castille, complained of, 559, 574.
-, -, memoranda of the Span. prelates on the matter, 574.
Apostolic Chamber, 208, 363.
-, auditor of the, v. Aragonia (Dr. Nicholas).
Aquila in Naples, bp. of, v. Sanctius (Berardus or Bernardus).
Aquileia, town of, in Illyria, patriarch of, v. Grimani.
Aragon, kingdom of, in Spain, 8, 111 n., 570, 574.
-, officials of, found guilty and punished, 574.
-, churches of, the protection at Rome intrusted to card. Gonzaga, 5701.
-, Acequia (Royal Canal) de, 574.
-, kings of, v. Ferdinand.
-, Cortes or General States of, meeting of, at Monon (1543), 184.
-, the Emp. leaving for Castille (Dec. 1542), 184.
-, (Da. Juana de), wife of Ascanio Colonna, 2001, 20910.
Aragonia (Giovan Luigi), Imp. proctor at Rome, 571.
-, (Dr. Nicholas), auditor at Rome, 571.
Aran, v. Arran, Hamilton.
Aranjuez, town of the prov. of Toledo, Spain, 8 n.
Arbais, Arbays, Arbaya, Arbes, 526; v. Harbais (Mons. d').
Arbois, Arboys, 520, 580; v. Herbais (Mona. d').
Archers, Imperial bodyguard of, in Flanders, 417 n.
-, -, capt. of, v. Montmorency (Philippe).
-, -, one of Mr. du Rulx' army in Flanders denounced as being in secret intelligence with the French (April 1543), 302.
-, English, 2,500, from the garrison of Gunes under Sir John Wallop to invade the French Artois in conjunction with the Imperialists (May 1543), 335, 352.
-, -, Sir Thomas Cheyne to join them soon with the Eng. cavalry, 335.
-, -, after the landing at Calais of the 2,500, and 200 cavalry, the gov. of Gunes (Wallop) has received orders to co-operate with Du Rulx (May 1543), 352.
Archiac (Jean de), gov. of Blaye (1543), 372.
Archives of Burgundy at Brussels, 577.
-, of Simancas in Spain, 200 n., 558 n., 593, Int. xlix.
-, Imp., of Vienna, Int. xlixli
Ardres, town of Picardy (France, dep. Pas de Calais), 22, 58, 187, 207, 371, 455, 470, 476, 593.
-, the English auxiliary army wasting the country as far as, July-Aug. 1543, 455.
-, the French gov. of Boulogne-sur-Mer attempting to revictual the town of (Aug. 1543), 470.
-, -, the English of Calais and Gunes preparing to prevent it, 476.
-, French capt. or gov. of, v. St. Seval and Sevicourt.
Aremberg (sieur d'), the castle of Amesfoort to be restituted to (Sept. 1543), 478.
Argill, Argyl, (Argyle), earl of, v. Campbell.
Aristino (stino?), 515 n.; v. Este (Francesco d', or D. Francisco de).
Arlon, town of the Grand Duchy of Luxemburg (Belgium), the French marching towards (Aug. 1542), 123.
-, -, which being found defenceless is easily taken, ibid.
Armour, harness, &c., petition of an Eng. merchant for permission to buy and export, from the Low Countries (Oct. 1542), 1312.
-, -, refused by q. Mary owing to the great deficiency and high price of it in the Low Countries, 159.
Army, English, on the Borders of Scotland, said to amount to upwards of 100,000 men, exclusive of 20,000 more being recruited in the Northern Counties by the du. of Suffolk (Sept. 1542), 137.
-, -, for the invasion of France, should land on the coast of Normandy, 274.
-, -, k. Henry's plan of campaign for the allies in April 1543, 294.
-, -, -, his own, to push on towards Boulogne and Montreuil, and leaving Abbeville on one side, penetrate into Normandy and attack Rouen, whilst the Emp. would invade France by La Champagne, ibid.
-, -, one of 16,000 foot, 4,000 pioneers and 4,000 cavalry may be ready to cross over on the 1st of July (said k. Henry to Chapuys, April 1543), 313.
-, -, -, if made to cross over to Calais, the Imp. fleet ought to keep the sea open, ibid.
-, -, -, on landing the, to be furnished with as much gunpowder as wanted, as well as with carriages for the artillery, ibid.
-, -, Henry quite willing to send his, across the Channel (June 1543), 387.
-, -, -, but he must know beforehand what provision has been made in Flanders for the food of men and horses, ibid.
-, -, -, and whether it is to take artillery, for, if so, carriage horses will be wanted, 388.
-, -, -, the men not to be pent up in fortresses, which is a thing Eng. soldiers dislike most, but to keep the field, 387.
-, -, provisions for the, to be procured in part at Calais, the rest to be drawn from England, 414.
-, -, in Flanders doing great execution against the enemy, 455.
-, -, 6,000 more men, over and above the number stipulated in the treaty, shall soon cross over to Calais (June 1543), 419.
-, -, account of provisions (bread, lard, cheese, beer, &c.) provided for the whole force, ibid.
-, -, following up the road to Picardy to join Du Rulx, and attack the French under Vendme (Aug. 1543), 455.
-, -, a well-appointed and disciplined band most commended by the Emp. in his let. to k. Henry, 506.
-, -, commander-in-chief (senescal, seneschal) of the, v. Seymour (Lord Edward).
-, -, provost-marshal, v. Wallop.
-, Imperial. One of 25,000 foot and 4,000 horse to be levied in Flanders and the Low Countries to meet the French invasion (June 1542), 19.
-, -, great disparity observed between the help that the Emp. is bound to give to England, if assailed by the enemy, and that which Henry is prepared to give in men or money.
-, -, -, the Imperial ambs. to represent this to k. Henry as moderately as possible, for fear of his being offended, 152.
-, -, in case of invasion of Eng. territory on the other side of the Channel the Emp. is bound by the treaty of alliance to help with 3,000 foot and 3,000 cavalry, 156.
-, -, -, which force will be more expensive to keep than the 7,000 foot with which k. Henry is to help in Flanders, ibid.
-, -, 10,000 foot and 2,400 horse ready under the prince of Orange to march to the relief of Heinsberg (April 1543), 300 n.
-, -, -, enters the duchy of Juliers (21 March 1543), ibid.
-, -, muster rolls of the, to be shown by Chapuys to k. Henry, 395.
-, -, the, under Aarschot and Du Rulx, ready to take the field against the Clvese and the French (June 1543), 4134.
-, -, had not k. Henry cut off the French from their fisheries, the would certainly have been in serious danger (July 1543), 441.
-, French. One of 13,000 lanskennets and 2,000 horse under the du. of Orleans and Longueval to invade the Luxemburg (July 1542), 55.
-, -, another of 14,000, including six or seven thousand Swiss, in Piedmont under Annebaut, 56.
-, -, -, besides 500 men-at-arms and seven or eight hundred light horse in case Gasto should come from Milan, ibid.
-, -, the "arrire-ban" or reserve of the, amounting altogether to 70,000 and 10,000 horse, to be called forth, 56, 371.
-, -, -, half of that force to operate on the frontiers of Spain, the remaining half against Flanders, 57.
-, -, another "arrire ban" or reserve of French Basques and Gascons under Henri d'Albret to invade Navarre (July 1542), 56.
-, -, report of one being collected by k. Francis at La Fre and Coussi le Chteau of upwards of 3,000 foot, 8,000 horse and 40 pieces of ordnance for the invasion of the Low Countries (June 1543), 364.
-, Scotch, about 18,000 foot, with 20 or 25 pieces of artillery, defeated at Solway-Moss (25 Nov. 1542), 221.
Arran, earl of, v. Hamilton (James).
Arras, town of Flanders, Notre Dame d', cathedral church of, 17, 116 n., 403 n.
-, Our Lady of, one of the prebendary chaplainships in, to be given to Charles de Honz, 11, 17.
-, bp. of, v. Perrenot (Antoine).
Arscot, Ascott, v. Aarschot.
Artenay (Artenai) in the Grand Duchy of Luxemburg, a fief of the Empire; usurped by k. Francis, 121.
-, retained and fortified by k. Francis (1542), ibid.
Arthois, county of, v. Artois.
Artichokes (Fr. artichaux), present of, given by k. Henry to Chapuys, 42.
Artigo, v. Artigue (L'), Add. and Cor. 586, Int. xli.
Artigue (L'), capt. of a French privateer vessel, his rep. concerning the weak points on the coast of Britanny, 586, Int. xl.ii.
Artillery, English, 2836, 357.
-, -, Chapuys' inquiries about, and whether there is enough of it for the preconcerted joint invasion of France, as well as ammunition, arms, and other implements of war (March 1543), 281.
-, -, plenty of, and ammunition in the kingdom, but not a proportionate quantity of gunpowder (said the Master of the Ordnance to Chapuys, April 1543), 304.
-, -, to be provided by the Low Countries as well as carriage, in which the English are deficient, ibid.
-, -, if light, is to accompany the Eng. army a number of carriage horses must be provided in Flanders, 388.
-, -, carriage for the, to be furnished by Flanders (May 1543), 357, 414.
-, Imperial. The privy councillors from the Eng. ambs. in Brussels enquire how many pieces of, for the field or for siege, Flanders and the Low Countries engage to furnish in case of an invasion of France (May 1543), 356.
-, -, Du Rulx answers that he cannot say, because he is not in direct communication with the Emp., and does not know what agreement the latter and k. Henry may have made, 357.
-, -, Henry's privy councillors suggest that, as the French are daily increasing their forces at sea, the fleet of the Low Countries should be well manned and provided with heavy, 391.
-, -, at the siege of Landrecy two batteries of heavy guns firing (Oct. 1543), 512.
-, -, a large force of, both in Germany and in Flanders, 5156.
-, -, -, only in the first-named country a train of heavy, upwards of 100 pieces, with plenty of gunpowder and shot, has been provided (April 1543), ibid.
-, -, q. Mary proposed that, if the invasion of France by the allies is to take place separately, k. Henry should pay one-half of the expenses of the (March 1543), 285.
-, -, one hundred pieces of heavy, shall be ready at Spires in Bavaria before the Emp.'s arrival thereat (June 1543), 398.
-, -, train of, prepared for the invasion of France, with a wing of, 70 pieces of ordnance, guns, half-guns, culverins, and other field pieces (Dec. 1543). 70.
-, French, some of the, taken at Antwerp, in consequence of a sally of the garrison, 90.
-, -, the whole of the, before Perpignan might have been carried away by the Spaniards had it not been for Montpezat (Sept. 1542), 137.
-, -, -, six or seven, however, of their best and largest guns spiked, ibid.
-, -, v. also Ordnance.
Artois, county of, 21, 38, 346, 3578, 352.
-, the French very strong in the (July 1542), 72.
-, -, no danger (said Henry), for the Imp. are so strong there that there is no fear of the French being able to do much mischief, 80.
-, third invasion of the, apprehended (Aug.), 72, 901.
-, the French under Mr. de Vendme penetrate into the (Aug. 1542), 901.
-, -, retreating from (Sept. 1542), 125.
-, again invaded by the French (May 1543), 320.
-, -, though they have achieved nothing very important, 321.
-, -, -, they will not, as reported, withdraw from the, until they have conquered the whole of it, 355.
-, Wallop and Da Rulx to make a diversion and attack the French in the (May 1543), 335.
-, the French becoming daily more powerful on the frontiers of Hainaut and the (June 1543), 406.
-, gov. of the, in Flanders, v. Croy (Adrien de).
Aspremont (sieur d'), French amb. in England (1543), 367, 371 n., 373 n., 420, 586, 593.
-, goes to Court to complain that his couriers are detained at Dover (7 June 1543), 367, Int. xxxiii.
-, leaves England (July 1543), 372.
-, let. to k. Francis, 150.
-, -, other lets. of, to the same intercepted in England, 431 n., 436.
-, the same as Prothonotary d'Orthez(?), Int. xxxix.
Aste, 515 n.; v. Este.
Astenay in Lorraine, v. Stenay.
Asturias, prov. of Spain, coast of, 463.
Aubespine (Claude de), French sec. and amb. in England, 54, 65, Int. xxixxxx.
-, k. Francis' instructions to, 23.
-, arrival of, in London (16 Jul. 1542), 65.
-, his audience put off for two days, ibid.
-, and Marillac summoned to Court by the K., 79.
-, -, arrive there on the 20th, but cannot get an audience until the 24th, ibid.
-, -, had previously called at the Privy Council, where he and his colleague were treated in the rudest manner, ibid.
-, -, not only was he not visited and accompanied, as before, by gentlemen courtiers, but the privy councillors themselves hardly dared look at him, ibid.
-, -, so ill-treated in general that the courtiers could not fail to notice it, 87.
-, -, -, and yet he wrote home that he had been well received by the K., ibid.
-, goes to Gravesend accompanied by Marillac, 878.
-, -, to look at and report upon k. Henry's naval preparations thereat, 88.
-, departs at the end of July without taking leave of any one, 89, Int. xxx.
Aubign, town of France (sieur d'), marshal of, capt. of the Scotch guard in France, 332, 374.
-, -, his nephew, v. Stuart (Robert).
Aubigny, v. Aubign.
Aubin (Philip), sent to prison for Lutheranism (March 1543), 288.
Augsburg, city of S. Germany (Bavaria), money for k. Ferdinand to be remitted to, 360, 457.
-, bankers of, 457.
Aumale, co. of, v. Lorraine (Franois de).
Auriensis episcopus, v. Orense (bp. of), Manrique (D. Francisco).
Austria, archduchy of, in Germany, 583.
-, archdukes of, v. Ferdinand, Philip.
-, (Catharine of), dau. of Ferdinand, k. of the Romans.
-, -, married to Francesco III., Gonzaga, du. of Mantua (1549), 595.
-, -, -, a widow of the latter married to Sigismond II., k. of Poland, 595.
-, (Elinor, Eleonor of), dau. of Ferdinand, k. of the Romans, 595.
-, (George of), abp. of Valencia in Spain, coadjutor of Lige, nat. son of Emp. Maximilian I., Int. i n.
-, -, a prisoner of the French (1541), 121, 339 n., 347, 349, 413.
-, -, money taken from, to be restored and himself indemnified for his imprisonment and losses, 413.
-, -, -, Pope Paul promising to dispense, from all oaths he may have made in order to obtain his liberty, 563.
-, -, -, and lay his case before the College of Cardinals, ibid.
-, (Margarita de), nat. dau. of Emp. Charles V., v. under Margaret.
-, (Maria de), dau. of Emp. Charles V., v. under Mary of Austria.
Austrian towns (Easterlings), under the rule of Denmark, 5.
Auxerrois (L'), county and district of France, 339.
Auxonne, viscounty of, in Burgundy (dep. Cte d'Or, France), 339.
Avalos de Aquino (Alfonso d'), marq. del Gasto and Pescara, 12.
-, in Piedmont, 12, Int. i n.
-, gov. of Milan and vicar-general of the Emp. in Italy, 427.
Avesnes (Avnes), in Flanders, now dep. Nord in France, the French retreating from (Jan. 1543), 406.
-, the Emp. holding a conference with Wallop, Aarshot and Du Rulx at (Oct. 1543), 512.
-, lets, from, 2456, 248.
Avignon in France (dep. Vaucluse), Span. officers arrested at (1541), 120, 347, Int. i.
Aymeries in France, dep. Nord, k. Francis fortifying, and Landresis (July 1543), 429.