Index: P

Pages 386-398

Calendar of State Papers Relating To English Affairs in the Archives of Venice, Volume 32, 1659-1661. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1931.

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Packer, Col., parliament decides to cashier, 79.

Padavin, sent to Bendish to ask about ship, 180; sent to thank Winchelsea, 251; sent to Bendish with compliments on leaving, 256.

Padua [Prov. Padova, Italy], 85.
-, letters dated at, 83, 88, 96.
-, Arundel found mad at, and detained there, 73; Arundel living at Ca Corner al Santo, 83, 107, 216, 220.
-, parliament proposes to fetch Arundel away from, 73, 756, 823, 87.

-, Captain of. See Marcello, Anzolo.

-, Podesta of. See Donato, Bernardo.

-, Rectors of, instructions to, 82, 85, 87.

Palatine, Elector of the Rhine. See Charles Louis; Frederick V.

-, princes. See Edward; Rupert.

-, princess. See Elizabeth, queen of Bohemia.

Palavicini, marquis, envoy of Savoy to England, offers congratulations, 229; departs, 235.

Palavicino, , Genoese gentleman, captured on English ship, by Barbary corsairs, 309.

papal nuncios. See under ambassadors.

Paramour, Paramor, Senate asked to pay what is due for, 3.

Pardini, , merchant, money of Dorat in hands of, goes bankrupt, 7.

pardon, act of. See Indemnity, bill of.

Paris, France, 26, 196, 237, 249.
-, despatches dated at, 6, 8, 16, 19, 23, 27, 76, 83, 85, 91, 93, 97, 153, 178, 181, 189, 209, 211, 213, 219, 225, 235, 2523, 264, 270, 274, 276, 281, 286.
-, courier of, 185.
-, news from, 15, 263, 265.
-, Lockhart sent to, to watch Mazarin, 3; Lockhart sees Mazarin at, 6, 10, 40; Lockhart reported at, 21; Lockhart going to, 36.
-, Pimentelli's negotiations at, 31; Charles proceeds incognito to and sees mother at, 95.
-, Venetian despatches go by, 69, 71, 122; Nani absent from, 107, 120.
-, queen Henrietta leaving, 161, 213; Jermyn stayed with her at, 168; Jermyn leaves for, 177.
-, Bordeaux leaves for, 171; Soissons expected from, 207; Estrades staying at, for increase of salary, 236.
-, duke of Richmond dies at, 190; prince Edward arrives from, 223; and returns to, 224.
-, queen Henrietta returning to, 218; Jermyn going to with her, 221, 223.
-, Jermyn's state entry into, 253, 264; prince of Parma leaves for London, 275n; Thiepolo and Vidman leave for London, 277.
-, cash for dowry of Parma princess in hands of merchants at, 263.
-, gentleman sent to with condolences about Mazarin, 263; Riley passes through, 281.

-, criticism of government comes from supporters of, 30.
-, rebels demand a free, 56, 58; London common council proposes to demand a free, 57; demand in London for a free, 101, 103, 110, 112, 116, 119.
-, Montagu will only obey a lawful, 57; troops clamour for a free, 59, 115.
-, general opinion favours a full, 68; committee to decide qualifications of those to sit in, 94.
-, people cannot be made to pay taxes without, 94; to be part of new government, 100.
-, every one agreed on need for new, 102; officers decide to summon a new but will be controlled by them, 103; decree for suspended, 105.
-, Portsmouth demands, 102; Yorkshire in arms for a free, 108.
-, divers things decided by officers, not to be altered by, 103.
-, growing demand for a free, 110, 116, 120; Exeter calls for, 112; Ireland declares for, 126.
-, Monk insists on Rump issuing writs for new, 118.
-, those imprisoned for demanding free, released, 122; Council of State to act in interval of, 134.
-, claim of Ireland to have a separate, 134.
-, might refuse French woman and Catholic as bride for king, 147.
-, Spaniards claim that war was only with, 163; they hope for restoration of places usurped by, 238.
-, deprived Seymours of duchy of Somerset, 190.
-, acts of civil justice of, since 1642, confirmed, 193.
-, new elections for, certain to be more favourable to king, 230.

-, of 1659:

allows votes of Scottish and Irish members, 1; everything proceeding according to Protector's desires, 6.

hastens decision from fear of dissolution, 1; adjourns question of upper house, 4; decides to treat with upper house, 6; manner of arranged, 9.

only decided to send fleet to sea, 1.

merchants appeal to, for accommodation with Spain, 24.

week spent over private petitions, 4; nothing will be done till passes measure to raise money, 5.

deciding validity of elections of members, 6; decision for preserving secrecy of proceedings, 9.

soldiers restive because not providing for pay, 6; voted 3 months' pay, 8, 10.

army demands of, 8, 9; orders officers not to meet, and to return to posts, 11.

lords make difficulties about passing bills of, 11; confirmed officers as peers of the realm, 13.

army demands dissolution, Richard forced to consent, 123; officers feared having to account to, 13; officers accused in, 18.

members claim not dissolved, only prorogued, 134; army officers adopting same procedure as overthrew, 72.

-, the long, 230.

peers who were faithful to, allowed to sit, 6; general desire for resumption, 17.

troops begin to ask for recall, 14; if resumes Fleetwood, Desborough etc. likely to be the first cast down, 17; officers divided about, 19; agree to restricted resumption, 20.

members present but unwilling to act unless army will submit to authority, 17.

invited to resume, Lambert excludes some who come, 20; army wants to make subordinate, 23.

declaration issued by, 20, 22; foreign ministers informed, 212; title of, 26; confirms Lockhart as governor of Dunkirk, 27.

sets up committee of safety, continues officials, 20; expected to govern with new council of state, 21, 24, 27.

question of recognition of, 21, 29, 32; Bordeaux says wants new credentials for, 26; Nieuport receives fresh credentials for, 28; has audience, 289, 31.

army petition to, 23; incensed at army interference with council, 24; disposed to do what army asks, 27.

sends to Richard to make offer, 234; disapproves of all acts of Protectors, 25; asks Richard for state of debts, 27.

likely to adjourn when government settled, 24, 33; preparations for defence, 30; will continue to sit until mid May, 33.

excluded members of, foment trouble, 24; apprehensive about popular opinion, 30; outspoken contempt for, 38.

proposes to release prisoners of war, 25; merchants petition to forbid importation of produce from Spain, 31.

fears Montagu, 27; decides to increase squadron in Channel, 30; appoints captains, 31; appointed Lawson as check on Montagu, 31; Montagu makes submission to, 34.

assurances from army in Scotland, 28, 33.

can count on submission of Lockhart, 28; Lockhart comes to confer with, 33.

deputes commissioners for Ireland, 28, 33, 35; Henry sends to, refuses to receive his deputies and orders him to come to London, 33, 39; he submits to, 42.

Venetian interest in, 29, 32; gives audience to foreign ministers, 36; Senate sends letters of credence for, 37, 48.

petitions from London and other places to, on form of government, 29; busy consolidating government, 33.

outspoken pamphlets against, 29, 30; knows continuance doubtful, 35.

may annul all acts of Protectors, 31; passes bills for taxes, 38; grants Richard protection for 6 months, 46.

means to control naval and military forces, 33; sends ship to seize privateer captain, 34.

all officers receive fresh commissions from, 33, 34; reinstates those cashiered by Oliver, 345.

appoints commissioners for Sound, 345; passes their commissions and credentials, 40.

statement in that return of Charles necessary in the end, 35; some members say this, 38.

Lockhart to inform Louis of regard of, 36; Bordeaux delays presenting credentials to, 39, 41.

engaged upon act of indemnity, 38, 40, 42, 46; preparing edict against royalists and Catholics, 42.

recalls Downing, 38; Nieuport treating with for confirmation of treaty with Oliver, 401.

charges Lockhart to have England included in peace, 40; Lockhart presents letters from, to king, 47.

orders fresh levies of men in the country, 40; issues orders for new militia, 44, 47; at work about militia, 50.

has Montagu's house searched, 42: orders evacuation of Whitehall palace, 46.

passes act for impressing seamen, 42; resolution on procedure, 50.

audience of foreign ministers delayed by business, 43; gives audience to Mello, 46.

meetings of officers cause grave apprehension to, 45; London petitions against new militia, 47; militia likely to turn against, 48.

army officers intend to dissolve, 45; belief that enemies will prevail, 51.

very apprehensive, fears conspiracy, precautions, 48; fear that few would take their part, 50.

decides to pay Richard's debts and make provision for, 48; dealing with finances, 50; propose monthly tax, 70.

resolution that all members shall return to London, 50; new militia not well affected to, 54; letter of Booth denouncing, 58.

resolution for day of prayer and fasting, 51; Anabaptists offer troops to defend, 60.

Mordaunt's letter read in, resolution upon, 51; redoubles efforts to put down risings, 53.

royalists hope to overcome by combination, 52; issues proclamation declaring Booth and others traitors, 56, 59; proclamation of, 59.

mayor and aldermen of London creatures of, 54, 57; has not a sixth of its rightful members, 63.

uneasy at Monk's refusal to send against rebels, 57; delays using severity against him, 60.

Pinocci without letters for, 61; Bordeaux has audience of, 64; will not receive credentials of Bernardi because of title, 71.

delight at Lambert's victory, 61; at work on bills for forfeitures, 63; suspicious of Lambert, 63, 71; orders to Lambert in North, 65.

Chester returns to obedience to, 61; has Booth examined, 62; Middleton to be free to justify actions to, 64.

people will not recognise powers, likely to summon new, 63; busy in putting straight government, 66.

Giavarina to delay presenting credentials to, as permanence doubtful, 64; Giavarina takes exception to proposed method of reception by, 667, 70, 73, 84.

orders destruction of Chirk castle and enquiry about pulling down others, 65; Lambert returning to give account to, 68.

stays proceedings on new militia, 65; sends to learn army demands, rejects them, 74.

demands nobility shall sign undertaking of submission, 66; debating an oath, renouncing Stuarts, 68.

directs commissioners to Sound to persevere with agreement between mediators, 66; no longer any cheers for, 72,

considering establishment of government on permanent basis, 70; committee to report to, upon, 77.

proposes to continue Ireton as lord mayor, 70; London resists, 72; gives in to city, 74; city entertains at banquet, 77.

not pleased at return of fleet from Sound, 72; annuls all acts of late Protectors, 81; did not think it necessary to send back fleet to Sound, 81.

orders Arundel to be fetched home, 73, 82, 88; decides on letter to Senate, 75, 78; letter of, 76; order would have to be obeyed, 83; disappearance of means relief for Arundel, 84, 96; references to letter about Arundel, 87.

means to keep chief control of army in own hands, 74; army demands presented to, 76; discussions and votes on army demands, 79.

examinations show that conspiracy would have involved overthrow, 75; order that no custom or excise may be levied without consent of, 81.

Charles's object to break French dealings with, 75; treaty of Spaniards with, said to be far advanced, 83.

resolution about reception of ambassadors, 78, 87; Salvetti had letters of credence for, 81; Senate glad recognition withheld, 95.

deprives Lambert and others of commissions and orders Lambert's arrest, 79; Lambert appeals to officers and prevents meeting, 79, 80; unlikely to meet again, 83; members promise great things if restored, 87.

behaviour condemned by every one, 83; number of squibs issued against, 84.

Monk seems inclined to support, 86, 92; Monk issues declaration that means to restore, 89; not mentioned in settlement between Monk and army, 94.

officers issue manifesto justifying expulsion, 88; some of London council in favour of restoring, 92.

final instructions to commissioners to Sound, 90; people will not pay taxes because of last act of, 98.

members, meet to discuss how to raise forces to resist army, 92; Fitch proposing to deliver Tower to, 104; Tower restored to, 106.

Monk insists on restoration, 97; council of officers decides to recall, 105; resumes sittings, 106.

some members of go to help Portsmouth revolt, 104; Lambert likely to try to overthrow, 1067; Lambert submits to, 108.

Lawson with fleet, takes under protection, 105; regiments in and about London declare for, 106.

Dublin and Windsor castle secured for, 107; Monk declares for, 109, 111; caresses and flatters Monk, 112, 116.

London does not like return, 1078; number of those who object to increasing, 108; London sends to consult Monk about, 109.

day of prayer and humiliation, 109; officers banished by, 110; officers have reason to regret restoration, 111.

discussion and decision about filling vacant seats, 109; Vane declared incapable of sitting in, and banished, 110.

Yorkshire risings in favour of, thanks Fairfax, 110; declaration of gentlemen of Devon handed to, 112.

does not want Monk to advance with army to London, 112; orders council of state to secure officers, who dissolved, 113.

has London patrolled to prevent rising, 112; people generally disgusted with, 114.

serious differences among, 3 or 4 parties, 113; Monk asked to get excluded members restored to, 114.

imposes monthly tax, 113; resolutions from country condemning, 120; cannot, expect a farthing from taxes, 120.

letters of credence for sent to Giavarina, 113; Giavarina cannot present, as winding up, 1223.

report of restoration, in France, 113; sends Monk to overawe city, 116; annuls city council, appoints new one, 118.

suspicious and jealous of Monk, 114, 1167; Monk reported poisoned by order of, 117.

limiting qualifications of those eligible for, 115; Monk insists on issuing writs for new members, 118; preparing writs to fill vacancies, 119, 121.

moves out troops to make room for Monk's, 115; appoints five persons to direct Monk's army, 118.

Monk introduced to, 115; his speech to, 116; intends to imprison Monk, 119.

derision of, as Rump, in London rejoicings, 119; excluded and ordinary members both meeting, Monk assembles and urges to join together, 121.

votes pledge that all shall be loyal to republic, 119, 131; Scot made secretary of state by, revoked, 122.

planning to use Lambert against Monk, 119; fear of Rump reversing what done in full House, 125.

reconstituted, takes in hand conduct of affairs, 1212; proposes to disband itself, 122; date fixed, 125.

day of thanksgiving for reunion, 125; Monk encourages to make limitations for future elections, 126.

decides to establish fresh militia, 125; devotes week to militia and new writs, 127.

applies to London for loan, suggests advance of amount of tax, 127; loan granted to, on security of tax, 130.

votes continuation of all duties, 127; orders fast for blessing on coming parliament, 134.

suspends private business of all kinds, 128; dissolution postponed a week, 131.

preparing act that public religion Presbyterian, 128; at work on question of religion, 131.

orders solemn league and covenant to be republished and posted up, 128; inscription in place of Charles' statue set up by order of, 132.

speech of Stephens in, for recall of king, 128, will only recall king on terms, 129; disputes in about recall, 1312.

Monk tells his officers it is their duty to obey, 128; appoints Monk and Montagu generals at sea, 130; conference with officers ends abruptly, 130.

Lambert arrested for conspiring against, enquiry ordered about others, 130; some members of, sent to Tower, 134; Lambert sent to Tower by, 139.

Bordeaux informs of peace between France and Spain, 130; Giavarina only minister who did not recognise, 155.

repeals pledge of loyalty to republic, 131.

committee set up to consider question of house of lords, 131; declaration about, 133.

declaration of justice of war waged by, 131; dissolves, 133.

efforts of old members to get elected, without success, 138; resolution of convention against old members of, 161.

Anglican establishment interrupted by, 176.

Turks thought favourable to their interests, 180; Catholic king first to send ambassador to, 228.

book lauding condemned by convention, 224; many acts of, burned by hangman, 301.

affair of Henry Hyde recommended to Bendish by, 234; Bendish took side of against king, 256.

-, the convention:

reconstituted long parliament decides to call, 122; question of form of writs for, 1258, 133.

limitation of qualifications of members, but not of voters, 131; elections begun, 135; choice satisfactory, 1356.

settled that lords will take part in, 133; Monk and Council invited to reside in city till opening, 134.

fast ordered for blessing upon, 134; nothing of consequence can happen till meets, 134.

all would like king's return to happen at opening of, 135; all anxious to see fruits of deliberations, 138.

majority of those elected are pacific, 138; elections favourable to king's return, 140.

memorial of officers of submission to, 139; fast observed by, 142.

opened, Speaker elected, 140, 142; both houses working harmoniously in, 141.

manner of king's return depends on, 141; letters from king delivered to, 142; text of king's declaration to, 144.

reply to king, decision about government, 142; vote of money for king, 143; money sent, 147.

gave Monk leave to reply to king, 143; decision to recall king, 145.

making arrangements for king's return, 145; desires his return with utmost speed, 146.

has king proclaimed, 145; members deputed to go and meet king, 146, 1501.

working at measures for king's durable establishment, 148; king confirms, to make proceedings lawful, 158.

proceedings against regicides, 148, 161, 176.

Thurloe accused of treason in, 148; engaged on bill of indemnity, 158, 161, 163, 170, 179, 184, 187.

orders enquiry about property of late king, 149; dukes of York and Gloucester enter, 157; votes to restore queen's revenues, 159.

discussing means of paying army, 152; devoting energies to getting in money, 157.

turbulent spirits in, may be dissolved, 158; resolution that ex-members of long parliament cannot sit and incapable of office, 161.

question of possession of goods acquired reserved for decision of, 159; considering settlement for queen, 164.

votes continuation of customs and excise, 164, 167, 179; king goes to and gives assent to bills, 183.

resolution to preserve secrecy of proceedings, 167.

city entertains at state banquet, 170; asks loan from city, 187.

Argyle, Antrim, Heselrig and Vane exempted from pardon by, 173; question of dukedom of Somerset debated in, 190.

engaged on religious settlement, 173; leaves it to king to nominate divines to decide upon, 176.

discussing poll tax, 184, 195; discussing finance, 195.

likely to be adjourned till November, 190; king consents to adjournment, 195; flaw in title, dissolution probable, 196.

reception of Mello only to satisfy, 193; regicides condemned by, 204; some reprieved until re-assembles, 209.

king points out need of money to, 195; granted king customs for life, 200.

prolonged to put finishing touches to bills, 197; acts passed at rising of, 199; to resume in November, 202.

wants Dunkirk and Mardick incorporated in kingdom, 198, 212, 221; question discussed in, 200.

established constant ordinary revenue for king, 200; Navigation Act confirmed by, 211.

allows disbanded soldiers to practise any trade, 202; chief concern to complete paying off army and navy, 218, 220.

may do something for Venice when reassembles, 206, 216; about to resume sessions, 215; Charles says is more Turk than the Turk, 216.

Hyde will bring affair of daughter and duke of York before, 210; means to deal with matter, 212; nothing said about, 228.

votes gift for princess Henrietta, 217; antipathy to Spain disclosed in, 222; Batteville waiting for dissolution, 229.

sets up committee of justice for regicides, 218, 226; condemns Long Parliament Revived and punishes author, 224.

busy with militia, 220; time to be occupied exclusively with public business, 2223.

king means to dissolve, 220; queen mother postpones leaving until after dissolution, 223; everyone will be more free after dissolution, 224.

measures to raise extra money, 223; grants king excise, 226.

members wish to make themselves eligible for re-election, 226; finishing off bills for royal assent, 228; granted extra time to finish bills, 230.

sets up council of trade, 227; still sitting because of interruption by princess of Orange's death, 235.

dissolved, informed about conspiracy, 237; now dissolved Venice can ask for help, 238.

orders bodies of Cromwell etc. to be disinterred and hanged, 246; successor asked to confirm acts of, 291.

parliament of 1661, 290, 294.
-, Council considering issue of writs for, 256; writs issued for, members for London unsatisfactory, 272, 275; elections proceeding, members mostly worthy men, 277.
-, opening soon, 284; Bristol wants to be in London for, 285, 288; king opens in state, 291.
-, question of king's marriage left for, 289; informed of Portuguese match but advice not asked, 291.
-, Hyde spoke sharply of king of Spain in speech to, 292; orders celebration of king's birthday, 301.
-, to adjourn before king starts on progress, 297; hastening despatch of bills, 305, 307.
-, orders Covenant to be burned, 301; discussing treatment of Catholics, 307.

-, See also Commons, House of; Lords, House of.

-, for Ireland, to meet at Dublin, 202; deliberating on what best for tranquillity of country, 305.

-, of Scotland:

assembled by Monk at Edinburgh, 97; former supporters of king take part in, 99.

ready to grant Monk money and other things, 99.

to meet at Edinburgh, 202; opened, measures against revolutionaries, 246; acting in accordance with wishes of Court, 249; proceeding with sentences against rebels, 256; deliberating on what best for quiet of country, 305.

Parma, Italy:
-, princess of suggested to marry Charles, 243; secret negotiations being conducted with, 248.
-, Spaniards promise to supply what lacking on part of, 248.
-, mission of Bristol to, 248, 259, 276, 278, 280; Bristol supposed to have arrived at, 263, 266; Bristol three days at, to treat with duke, 280; Bristol reports visit to, 293.

-, duchess of. See Margaret of Savoy; Medici, Margareta, de'.

-, duke of. See Farnese, Odardo I; Farnese, Ranuccio II.

-, prince of. See Farnese, Alesandro.

-, princesses of. See Farnese, Caterina and Maria Magdalena.

peace between England and Spain, 159, 186.
-, adjustment with France may make Spaniards less inclined to, 25; Giavarina to keep an eye on, 41; negotiations cooled off, 54.
-, English in favour of, 25, 52; envoy from Brussels to promote, 28; proposal to stop imports, to facilitate, 31.
-, no Spanish inclination for, 52; being dealt with separately, 59; Philip will not listen to negotiations for, 79; Haro not averse from, 98; Haro will favour according to affairs of Portugal, 152.
-, Lockhart very active about, 93; various English agents at Madrid to treat for, 104.
-, likely to be facilitated by handing over Dunkirk, 148; surprise at absence of news about, 161.
-, sole obstacle to Spain helping Venice, 152; truce arranged, to lead to, 162.
-, ambassadors coming to conclude, 174; considered inevitable, 180; no longer any doubt about, 185; made without agreement for restoration, 193.
-, Haro speaks of publication of, 192; says Charles determined to swear to, 193.
-, ambassadors awaited with impatience, because of, 196.
-, proclaimed at Madrid, 197; and in London, 1978.
-, approved by merchants, disliked by Presbyterians, 198; claim for Reformation and Free Trade to be included in, 258.
-, mediation between Dutch and Portugal would be infraction of, 259.
-, Spaniards unlikely to alter arrangements in, about trade, 261.
-, Batteville claims abandonment of Portugal and dismissal of Mello by virtue of, 262.
-, English had contributions from Flanders before conclusion of, 301.

peace between France and Spain:
-, Lockhart's policy with reference to, 6; Lockhart thinks likely and that England may be included in, 8; expected to follow truce, 23.
-, Senate desires to be kept informed about, 10; Lockhart in London with news of, 33.
-, English suspicious of France over, 12, 18; Lockhart expresses Protector's satisfaction about, 16.
-, no longer any doubt about, 15; question of French help for Charles after made, 23; royalist hopes built upon, 23.
-, English troubles good for, 23; may make Spaniards less inclined for peace with England, 25.
-, Lockhart going to Paris to treat about, 36; Lockhart to get England included in, 40; Lockhart to deal with Mazarin about, 47.
-, report of conclusion, 43; England not included in, 75.
-, forces Protestant powers to stand together, 49; a bitter pill for the English, 52.
-, Charles goes to treat with ministers negotiating, 69; embassies from Venice in reference to, 70.
-, makes English anxious about Dunkirk, 100; English objection to understandable, 123.
-, alliance of English and Turks to be published after announcement of, 124.
-, Bordeaux informs parliament of, and celebrates, 130; Giavarina allowed expenses for celebrating, 133; Spaniards contented with terms of, 160.
-, question of Dunkirk settled at conference about, 147; congratulations upon, 174.

peace between Sweden and Denmark:
-, fear of pressure on Denmark for, 156; English raise difficulties about compelling Sweden, 19.
-, English troubles good for, 23; England sending commissioners for, 30, 35, 43; message sent to prevent treaty before their arrival, 34.
-, ambassadors sent by France, England and Dutch to promote, 34; Swedish, English and Dutch fleets united in desire for, 49.
-, Giavarina to keep eye on, 41, 54; universal desire for news about, 52.
-, said to be nearly concluded, 55; negotiations for begun, every reason for haste, 60.
-, mediators want to bring about by coercing Denmark, 63; Dutch decided to compel kings to make, 64; Sweden condemns methods of mediators, 66; scant hope of good results, 69, 73; Sweden rejects proposed terms, 82.
-, foreign ministers urge Danish king to pursue negotiations, 82; English commissioners to urge Sweden to accept, 90.
-, news of, expected soon, 145.

peers. See nobles.

-, house of. See Lords, House of.

Pearanda, count of. See Bracamonte, Gaspard de.

Pera of Constantinople [Turkish Empire], despatches dated at, 32, 124, 136, 145, 154, 181, 234, 238, 243, 252, 2567, 269, 278, 306.

Percy, Algernon, earl of Northumberland, trustee appointed by parliament for Arundel, 88.

Peruglia. See Priuli.

Pesaro, Giovanni, doge of Venice, Giavarina's credentials in name of, 107.

Peterborough, earl of. See Mordaunt, Henry; Mordaunt, John.

-, of army for pay, 6, 7, 10.
-, of army to parliament as to form of government, 23, 27.
-, of citizens and others as to form of government, 29.
-, of merchants to forbid importation of produce from Spain, 31.
-, of city of London, concerning militia, 47.
-, circulating in London, decree of committee of safety against, 101.
-, gentlemen of Kent arrested for preparing, 114.

Petkum, Prethem, Simon de, Danish resident in England:
-, letter to Giavarina, 249.
-, recognition of government by, 21; returning home to make oral report, 36.
-, Giavarina to follow example about recognition, 32.
-, appeal for Rufner, 249, 260, 289; reply to, 275, 298.
-, asked to support Venetian appeal for help, 249; expresses regard for Venice, 298.
-, expenditure for coronation, 287; makes no move about marriage, 297.

Petty, Dr. William, sent by Henry Cromwell to parliament, 33.

Phare, Colonel, sent from army in Ireland to parliament, 33.

Phelpes, John, clerk to parliament, 22.

Philip IV, king of Spain, the Catholic:
-, prohibits entry of English goods, 4; proposal to induce to favour peace, 31.
-, Portuguese ambassador in Holland deserts to, 32; Stoakes lets off ships containing comsiderable sums for, 78.
-, Charles received and welcomed by, 68, 295; 12,000 doubles paid to Charles in name of, 91.
-, embassy from Venice to, 70; help for Venice, 206.
-, will not listen to negotiations for accommodation with England, 77; various English agents promise restoration of Dunkirk to, 104.
-, Mello hopes to get English help against, 77; preparing considerable succour for Charles, 127; ready to help Charles with money and men, 129.
-, guard set over Charles for ill-behaviour to, 127; Walter Montagu goes to inform of restoration, 147.
-, offers York grand admiralship of Spanish fleets, 129; letter of Charles thanking for, 139; invites York to Spain, 150.
-, Charles likely to help against Portugal, 157; refusal to listen to Mello indicates friendly disposition to, 174.
-, Charles writes to, complaining of Cardenas, 164; Conflans brings letters from, for Charles, 174.
-, issues orders for friendly treatment of English ships, 175; war against declared unjust, 198.
-, Ligne sent by to treat, 185; suffers from not having ambassador in England, 197; Mello may have to go at instance of, 205.
-, the only power informed by Charles of his restoration, 188; letter was rather thanks for favours, 191; Charles constant in supporting claims of, 222.
-, confidence in steadfastness of Charles's friendship for, 193; Batteville says English bound to satisfy, 221.
-, has many partisans in England, 205; Bristol supports claims of, 212; Batteville urged to get some concession from Charles for, 238.
-, Haro exclaims against ingratitude of Charles to, 227; Bennet says was first to recognise parliament, 228; sends horses from Naples to Bennet, 237; increases Bennet's pension, 274; Bennet has present and help from, 289.
-, proposal to put Rupert under obligation to, 239; urges viceroy of Naples to have troops available against Portuguese, 261.
-, would like Charles to marry widowed empress, 241; support for princess of Parma as bride, 243, 248; ready to adopt her as daughter, 262, 281.
-, expresses confidence that Charles will not accept Portuguese offers, 253; Batteville's efforts to unite with England, 255.
-, English occupation would thwart efforts against Portugal, 253; Medina Celi says should avoid renewing war with England, 254.
-, Hyde rendered more favourable towards, 266; Hyde spoke very sharply of, in parliament, 292.
-, Indies would fall to, when Portugal regained, 267; prompt payments of Mello cause anxiety to friends of, 277.
-, with Portugal out of the war could concentrate against Turk, 268.
-, not in a position to pay dowry for Parma, 282; Dutch marriage would suit better than Portuguese, 283; may propose conditions to upset match, 305.
-, ministers disturbed by prospect of rupture with, 296; Batteville waiting to seize chances of preventing English helping Portugal against, 296; and watching to prevent chances of rupture with, 301.
-, Medici fear unfavourable turn for, 303.

Philip, duke of Orleans, duke of Anjou, brother of Louis XIV, Monsieur:
-, sends Villac to England about marriage to princess Henrietta, 189, 196; marriage grown cold, 203, 205; Soissons may take up again, 208; Charles may be persuaded to agree to, 209.
-, not styled royal highness by Venice, 197; title given by, to Venice, 217.
-, mother reproves for too great eagerness for match, 209; determined to have the princess, 218; consumed with desire, 223.
-, nothing certain about marriage, 217; Charles opposed to, 218; queen favours, 219; no doubt about conclusion, 221; obstacles in way, 223; Mazarin may interfere with, 229, 234, 242.
-, princess eager for marriage with, 218; queen taking over princess to marry, 237; awaiting her at Havre, 242.
-, Charles desires an appanage for, 253; presents bride with quantity of jewels, 274; returns to Court from Colombes, 299.

-, marriage of. See under marriage.

Pichinotti, letters of exchange granted by, for remittances to Batteville, 273.

pictures, presented by Dutch ambassadors to king, 219.

Piedmont, Protestants of. See Vaudois.

Pimentelli, Antonio:
-, negotiations with Mazarin, English suspicious of, 3; Mazarin sees, 6.
-, Giavarina to watch negotiations with, 10; to put out feelers for a reconciliation, 31.

Pinocci, Pinozzi, Geronimo, envoy of Poland to England:
-, unable to obtain audience, 5, 9; presents memorial recognising government, 31; expecting reply, 32.
-, priest of arrested, asks Bordeaux to help and refused, 26; has conferred with some of council, 61.
-, leaving for Brandenburg, 61.

-, -, interpreter of. See Counell, Theodorus.

Piron, Antonio, second dragoman of England, 136, 154.
-, manages monopoly of steel and tin for Fascol, 123; proposal for alliance made to Grand Vizier through, 124.

plot, conspiracy:
-, parliament aware of, but no real knowledge, 50; tries to extinguish before it gets hold, 53; parliament's attention absorbed by, 54.
-, Presbyterians authors of, 51; more persons and particulars discovered, 65; much learned from Booth, 68; examinations of accused read in parliament, 75.
-, numerous arrests, including Faucombrige, 71; would have involved destruction of parliament, 75.
-, of Fifth Monarchy men in London, 229, 2301, 235; Hyde informs parliament about, 237; account of, 239, 240.

Pum, il. See Blum.

Plymouth, royal navy:
-, Winchelsea sails in, 212, 256n; sails for Algiers, with king's instructions, 222.
-, refusal to allow Turks use of, 251; at Leghorn, with Bendish on board, 298.

Plymouth, co. Devon, Lord Inchiquin arrives at, in Tredagh, 194.

Pode. See Baden.

Poitiers [Vienne, France], Lockhart comes up with Mazarin at, 41.

-, peace negotiations with Sweden, 49.
-, ambassador expected from, with congratulations, 219; resolves from, affected by Swedish success against Muscovites, 308.

-, king of. See John Casimir II.

Poles, Frisendorff makes reflections on, 39; object of negotiations with, 49; commissioners trying to arrange truce with, 55.

Plnitz, Gerhard Bernard von, freiherr von Assbach, envoy of Brandenburg to England:
-, sent with congratulations, 164; expenditure on gratuities, 175.
-, case not a model for others, 169; performs office of congratulation, suggests princess of Brandenburg as bride, 177; let matter drop, 180.

Poole, Jonas, commands squadron for Mediterranean, 73n; highhanded action at Zante complained of, 120, 133; complained of being detained for quarantine, 133n.

pope. See Alexander VII.

Porasio. See Bradshaw.

Porsmond. See Portsmouth.

Porte, Charles de la, duc de La Meilleraie, governor of Brittany, marshal of France, marshal della Migliare, letters of marque asked for, against, too powerful for king to coerce, 2.

Portia, John Ferdinand, count of, speaks of confidential relations with England, 219; speaks to Molin of Collalto's mission, 243.

Porto Rico, island of, West Indies, ship from, 197.

Porto Santa Maria. See Puerto di Santa Maria.

-, of Hortense Mancini, sent to England, 203.
-, of princess of Parma, king sends for, 243.

Portsmouth, Porsmoud, co. Hants:
-, declares against army rule and for parliament, 102, 105; members of parliament go to help defence, 104.
-, force sent to reduce, 1023; troops desert and go over to town, 105; parliament thanks for action, 106.
-, queen decides to cross from, 223; king went to, with her, 240; king returns from, 242.
-, queen sails from, but driven back to, 242; detained at by weather, 244; queen and princess sail from, 246.

-, English privateering with patents of, 18, 77.
-, Spain could reduce more easily if abandoned by England, 25; Spain wants peace to prevent England helping, 59.
-, treason of ambassador in Holland may injure seriously, 32; Mello returning to, to report negotiations, 135.
-, English want to mediate adjustment between Dutch and, 77; adhesion to Anglo Turkish alliance promised, 124; commotion in Spain at news of alliance with England, 152, 186.
-, Lord Inchiquin captured on way to serve, 137; will lose best support by English peace with Spain, 148; alone able to raise up house of Stuart, 151; advantage of commerce of Indies to, 197.
-, English likely to help against, if peace made with Spain, 157; Conflans says Charles promised to have no dealings with, 183.
-, abandonment by France great gain to Spain, 160; Spain can conquer more easily, after settlements with France and England, 174.
-, Spaniards hoping for English ships against, 186; talk of levy of Irish against, 193.
-, dowry in offered with Infanta, 194; Spanish representations make little headway against gold of, 222.
-, Mello returning to, 205; English mercantile houses in, 228.
-, proclamation that no obstacle to renewal of treaties with, 210; bitterness in Spain over, 222, 227.
-, disbanded soldiers prefer service of, to that of Venice, 224; Batteville's efforts to leave Spain free for conquest of, 248.
-, Spanish policy to accept English help against, 241; Batteville says England will incur hostility of Spain by closer relations with, 243, 259, 262, 265, 292; transactions with, imperil relations, 257.
-, Dutch already committed to war with, 241; Charles asked to mediate between and Dutch, 258; mediation offered, 282, 304.
-, Batteville concentrating energies on, 246; the most interesting question at Court, 248, 258.
-, unlikely king would take up at cost of war with Hapsburgs, 248; Medina Celi advises peace with, if English join, 254.
-, offer of territory in, would make Spanish conquest impossible, 253; offers of in Indies and in cash, 254.
-, a truce would lead to independence of, 254; Venice would wish Spain to give up attack on, 260, 268.
-, Batteville receives money to induce Charles to join against, 255; money sent by Spain will reduce hopes of, 277.
-, Batteville labours to separate English from, 255, 266, 271, 273.
-, prudence would advise abandonment of, 255, 277; Charles pledges himself not to listen to, 261; Jermyn does not believe king will ever unite with, 270.
-, Mazarin's death upsets arrangements for war of, 264; conquest of a war of religion, 271.
-, Hyde says there will be no breach with Spain, even if assist openly, 265; ministers blinded by gold of, 277, 291, 295.
-, squadron to hold balance between Dutch and in E. Indies, 266; Dutch ready to treat with, but in Holland, 304; negotiations with Dutch more troubled than ever, 307.
-, Dutch going to coasts of for salt, 267; Spain would prefer England to ally with Dutch rather than with, 291.
-, danger of union with England and separation from church, 271; Medici fear opening door to heretics, 303.
-, Hyde and other ministers consider private interests best served by union with, 279; Hyde informs parliament of advantages offered by, without specifying any, 291.
-, Spain needed all its money for war with, 282; report of Spanish successes in, 296.
-, doubtful if able to keep promises made, 292, 296, 301: Council busy over affairs of, 306.
-, Batteville circulates paper showing disadvantages of union with, 292.
-, rejoicings in at English match, 293; report of revolts in against taxes, 296.
-, French wish to subsist, but not to increase power of England, 294; English may accept war because of advantages offered by, 304.
-, union with England may lead to negotiation with Spain, not war, 294; Spain preoccupied with affairs of, 299.
-, would not have gone so far without certainty of help, 296; English waiting for news of Spanish operations in, 301.
-, ships for, to fetch queen, 297; Mello's presence required in to remove obstacles to treaty, 306; union with may rekindle trouble in Christendom, 308.

-, army of:

report of forced march to frontier, 261; reported engagement with Spaniards, 277.

troops from Naples wanted before it is reinforced, 261.

-, infanta of, princess of. See Catherine of Braganza.

-, king of. See Alfonso VI.

-, ships of. See ships, Portuguese,

powder. See gunpowder.

preachers, ministers, activity in favour of Cheshire rebels, 57.

-, preponderance in long parliament, 17; standing together with royalists, 42, 51, 53.
-, expected attempt at revolution by, 42, 45; authors of the plot, 50; capture of Chester by, numbers augmenting, 55; declaration of, ready by preachers, 57; appeal to arms of, 58.
-, Scotland full of and subject to revolution, 57.
-, Lord Mayor Ireton opposed to, 57; Anabaptists would like to see destroyed, 60.
-, issue depends on fortunes of army, 589; utter defeat of, 61; royalists pleased at ruin of, 63.
-, reconstituted parliament entirely composed of, 125; declaration of parliament in favour of form of worship, 128.
-, numerous in convention parliament, 141, 173, 196; some admitted to Privy Council at Monk's instance, 159.
-, want conditions from king for restoration, 141; Argyle belongs to, 173.
-, those in Scotland not content, 173; trial of some, in Scotland, 256.
-, disputes in parliament over religious settlement, 173, 176; not devotedly loyal, 196; grumble at restoration of Episcopalianism, 204.
-, disgust at peace with Spain, 198; oppose restoration of Arundel family, 226.
-, without consideration among the people, 204; disputes over appointment of bishops, 214.
-, scandalised by York's affair with Anne Hyde, 210.
-, king largely dependent on and has to flatter, 220; regret dissolution, unlikely to be returned to new parliament, 230; king has no reason to trust, 231.
-, opposed to regiment of guards for king, 231; all would be against king, if fresh disturbances, 272.
-, numerous in Council, favour Portuguese marriage, 255, 258; Batteville tries hard to win, 289.
-, most of ministers are, want to keep king under control, 293.

President of the Council of State. See Annesley, Arthur.

Pressburg (Bratislava) [Czecho Slovakia], despatches dated at, 55, 67, 82, 90.

Preston, state ship in Mediterranean squadron, 73n, 120n, 169n.

Prethem. See Petkum.

Pride, Thomas, Colonel, charge of treason preparing against, 148; body disinterred and hanged at Tyburn, 226, 246.

Prideaux, William, chosen to be consul at Smyrna, 5.

priests, religious, arrest of, Polish ambassador's interpreters taken, 26; act for enforcement of laws against, 128.

Prince of Opmeere, Dutch ship, taken by privateer, 34n.

princess royal. See Mary, daughter of Charles I.

prisoners, parliament decides on release of Spanish, 25; arrangement with Spaniards for mutual release of, 149.

Priuli, Peruglia, Antonio, Venetian Admiral, claim against, on account of Angel, 367, 39, 2323.

privilege, dispute between two Houses on question of, 157.

Privy Council. See Council, the Privy.

-, expected for expulsion of Catholics and royalists from London, 9; issued, 15, 20.
-, dissolving parliament, 13.
-, of Henry Cromwell in Ireland recalling officers to posts, 26; and enjoining obedience to protector, 28.
-, declaring Booth and others traitors, 56, 59.
-, relieving militia from guard duty, 65; forfeiting goods of rebels, 65.
-, of Charles promising advantages and privileges if restored, 84.
-, for continuance of judges and officials, 89.
-, of Monk that will support parliament, 89.
-, forbidding the collecting of soldiers without order, 92.
-, against Catholics, 131.
-, ordering Catholics and royalists to leave London, and also disaffected officers, 134.
-, ordering general submission to the government, 134.
-, summoning Lambert to present himself, 139.
-, of Charles, in London, 145, 149, 156; and in provinces, 151.
-, citing regicides to appear, 158; of grace to those who gave themselves up, 209.
-, against rebels in Ireland, 159.
-, for quieting possessions, 159.
-, against rogues and vagabonds, 161; ordering disbanded soldiers to leave London, 230.
-, revoking commissions at sea and ordering English in foreign service to return home, 168, 175, 188; not to apply to those serving Venice, 1912, 197, 206.
-, for celebrating king's return, 168.
-, of the peace with Spain, 197.
-, on renewal of treaties with Portugal, 210.
-, granting liberty of conscience to sectaries, 214.
-, forbidding assemblies or conventicles, 240.
-, forbidding search of houses except by warrant, 244.
-, of fast in memory of Charles I, 245.
-, confirming date of coronation, 267.

Protector, title of office of abolished, 20; question of making Lambert, 45.

-, the Lord. See Cromwell, Oliver; Cromwell, Richard.

Protestants, decide to send plenipotentiary to Augsburg congress, 5.

Provence, France, suggested joint attach on by English and Barbary corsairs, 124; Genoese galley takes Bristol to, 285, 288.

Providence, state ship, put in commission, 31n.

Puerto di Santa Maria, Porto Santa Maria [Cadiz, Spain], ship from taken by English, 160.

Pyrenees, France:
-, Lockhart follows French court to, 52; conference at, 63; Charles hastens to, 75; Lockhart had cold reception at, 778.
-, peace of the, Portuguese ambassador dismissed after, 205.