Index: C

Pages 311-322

Calendar of State Papers Relating To English Affairs in the Archives of Venice, Volume 34, 1664-1666. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1933.

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Cabo Corso. See Cape Coast.

Cabo Verde. See Cape Verde.

Cabriel, Cristofolo, Venetian Proveditore of Cephalonia, despatch of, 36.

Cadiz [Andalusia, Spain], 57, 183.
-, news from, 201.
-, reception of Fanshaw at, 3; Ruyter at, 28, 104.
-, Lawson goes to, to clean ships, 38.
-, Allen attacks Smyrna convoy off, 74, 77, 79; Allen sails away from, 78; Allen brings booty from, 99.
-, threat to arrest Dutch ships at, 103; Dutch disarming some ships at, furnishing others, 111.
-, cargo of rice from Venice for, 109; ships from taken into Plymouth, 182.
-, alleged cowardly behaviour of English frigate at, 124, 137; English roughly handled near, 149.
-, Dutch Smyrna fleet at, 125; Dutch warships sail from, to convoy merchantmen, 128.
-, Dutch ships from blockade Tangier, 135; Dutch ships from, to join reserve, 184.
-, Dutch Smyrna fleet going to, 160; fleet at, 172; Dutch ships from reach Bergen, 182, 185.
-, Ruyter may be ordered to, 172; Dutch merchantmen leave, with convoy, 199, 211.
-, Dutch squadron before Tangier, sails away to, 192.
-, carelessness at, about ships from London, 213; Sandwich to go to, 240.
-, Dutch fleet comes out, to secure ships from, 217; convoy of Genoa at, 232; French fleet in action near, 260.
-, Smith's squadron off, 248n, 256; Smith's squadron back at, 272; English squadron leaves, town rejoices, 276.
-, English frigates (constantly passed between Tangier and, 291.
-, consul, Dutch at. See Vanderhutten, Abraham.
-, -, English at. See Westcomb, Martin.
-, governor of. See Ybarro, Don Diego de.

Caen [Calvados, France], Bailleul tried at, 213n; and hanged at, 216.

Caesar, duke of Vendme, death of, 217.

-. See Leopold, the emperor.

Calais, Cales [Pay de Calais, France]:
-, both Dutch and English ships for Guinea will go by, 41; Verneuil and Courtin to sail from, 101; supposed stayed at, 106.
-, English ship takes refuge at, where taken by Dutch, 1556; refusal to receive English letters at, 1945.
-, Talon sent to, with money for Flanders, 235; deputies to go to, about subsidies, 239.

-, king's lieutenant at. See Courtebonne.

Cambridge, co. Cambridge, meetings of fanatics continue at, 2; comet seen at, 75n.

Campen. See Kampen.

Canada, N. America, French ship from, 177.

Candia. See Crete.

Cape Coast, Cabo Corso, Capo Corso, West Africa:
-, Denmark raises claims to, against Dutch, 24; Holmes reports capture of, 47.
-, Charles gave orders to take, 52; Dutch call for restitution of, 56; Ruyter failed to retake, 155, 157; French proposal about, 229.

Cape of Good Hope, S. Africa, 185.
-, Dutch East India fleet has passed, 35.

Cape Verde, Cabo Verde, Capoverde, islands, West Africa, taken by Holmes, 28, 32; Dutch write to Charles about and demand reparation, 29; war if not restored, 35.

Caracena, marquis of. See Benavides, Don Luis de.

Caravanchel, Caramanchel or Mandes, near Madrid, Spain, Fanshaw to stay at, 8.

Cavignano, princess of. See Bourbon, Marie de.

Carlingford, lord. See Taaf, Theobald.

Carlisle, earl of. See Howard, Charles.

Carribean, Caribe, Caribele Sea, Ruyter sails to, 157; Dutch ships coming from warned, 167.

Carrington, Carinthon, lord. See Smith, Charles.

Casa Nova, imperial resident at the Porte, without experience and dull, Lesley detests, 282.

Castelmelhor, Castelmilior, conde de. See Sousa Vasconcellos, Don Luis de.

Castel Rodrigo, marquis of. See Moura y Corte Real, Francesco de.

Castlemaine, Castelmen, earl of. See Palmer, Roger.

Catherine of Braganza, queen of England, queen of Great Britain:
-, goes to condole with Lady Dorchester, 8; gives audience to Knigsegg, 12.
-, sends condolences to Savoy, 21; staying at Hampton Court, 45, 182.
-, may go to Hampton Court to escape plague, 132; servants exempted from prohibition to approach Court, 181.
-, at Salisbury, in good health, 190; returning to London, 267.
-, Aubigny almoner to, 225; Rome refuses dispensation for marriage to, 268.

Catholic king. See Philip IV, king of Spain.

Catholics, Roman, papists, concerned in plot against Dutch, 198, 204; alleged plot of, in Brabant, 265n.

Caval Nero, a prize, sale ordered, 116.

Ceestet. See Sehested.

Centurion, royal navy, Sir Gilbert Talbot sailed in, 44; Zelande taken by, 152.

Cephalonia, Ionian island:
-, despatches dated at, 36, 232, 294.
-, merchants come to for currants, leaving those of Zante, 36; shortage of money through absence of English ships, 232; currant harvest at, disposal of, 294.

-, Proveditore of, not to impose extra duties on currants, 23.

-, -, See also Cabriel, Cristofolo; Lippomanno, Andrea.

Cerda, Antonio di, duke of Medina Celi, general of Andalusia, arrests Dutch and English consuls at Cadiz, 125.

chancellor, the lord. See Hyde, Edward, earl of Clarendon.

Chapman, Henry, fined for claiming to have beheaded king, 60.

Charity. See Great Charity.

Charles V, the emperor, Fanshaw alludes to days of, 79.

Charles I, king of England, Chapman punished for claiming to be executioner of, 60; could have saved himself by a foreign war, 97; son may take fate as warning, 154.

Charles II, king of England, king of Great Britain, 108, 253.
-, made Fanshaw Privy Councillor, 3; esteem for Monk, 169.
-, gave Guinea to duke of York and princess of Orange, 33; restoration of cost Dutch a million, 96; indignities and aspersions cast by Dutch on, 110.
-, 1664:
-,-, Bristol ostracised by, 2; Bristol sought by order of, 6; Bristol's letter sent to, 7; Bristol sends letter of submission to, 8.
-,-, Winchelsea sends to about corsairs, 4; and about Batchelor, 5; letter of Senate to, about Batchelor, 9.
-,-, speech at re-opening of parliament, 56; parliament expected to give satisfaction to about taxation, 11; thanks parliament for repealing triennial act, 12.
-,-, forbids exportation of saltpetre, 8; efforts to secure good government, 11.
-,-, interested in question of Orange, 10, 15; charges Holles to persist about, 15, 21.
-,-, merchants complain to about Dutch, 11: parliament thanks for zeal in matter, 18.
-,-, forbids unlading of Zeeland goods, resentment against Zeelanders, 12; inclined to come to terms with Dutch, 19, 246, 31; Dutch count on generosity of, 20.
-,-, gives audience to Konigsegg, 12, 14; unlikely to help emperor, 14, 16; reported offer to guarantee Flanders, 22.
-,-, petition to, concerning trade with Scotland and Ireland, 12; care to establish trade of West Indies, 20.
-,-, washes feet of poor, 12; requests Bedford and Northampton to elect new members, 16.
-,-, appoints commissioners for deportation of Quakers, 16; goes to Portsmouth to review fleet, 31.
-,-, sends condolences to Savoy, 201; orders arming of 45 more ships, 24; equips more ships and raises money, 28.
-,-, not sending Faucombrige to Italy, 21; complains of Venetian charges on currants, 22.
-,-, care for quiet of dominions, 21; devotion of country to, 24.
-,-, Senate's letter to, on currants etc., 23; orders to Jamaica in favour of Spaniards ignored, 28.
-,-, efforts to move against Dutch, 24; Downing has long conference with on Dutch relations, 26.
-,-, issues proclamation recalling sailors from abroad, 25; claims to Guinea, 34.
-,-, Dutch ready to refer question of claims to, 26; van Gogh has private conference with, 28; expressed satisfaction with reasons given, 30; waived formality of van Gogh's credentials, 31.
-,-, letter of States to on Cape Verde and English outrages, 29; Dutch require to renounce conquests in Guinea, 32, 35, 47.
-,-, complains of Dutch arming, 30; has no intention of attacking Dutch, but bound to arm in reply, 32, 34.
-,-, sends Sandwich to Downs, 30; Dutch prepared to act with against Turks, 34.
-,-, chooses ambassadors for Sweden and Denmark, 32; away at Hampton Court, 35, 45.
-,-, Downing has final intentions of, in his hands, 33; Boreel thinks nothing to gain by war, 39; objections to risks of war, 43.
-,-, reply to offer of mediation by Comenge, 33; Comenge to get definite answer from, about mediation, 37; will never accept, 39.
-,-, reply to van Gogh delayed, 35; Dutch not trusting to fair words of, 41; reply to van Gogh, printed, 42.
-,-, sends congratulations on birth of Valois, 37; Fanshaw must hear from about visiting Venetians, 40.
-,-, might take advantage of winter to press claims on Dutch, 39; may take offence at Dutch convoys, 41; sharp reply to van Gogh about arming, 44, 48.
-,-, offers to operate with French to take away Dutch trade, for a large sum, 42.
-,-, journey to New Forest postponed, 434; dines with Rupert in Henrietta, 47; sends Rupert to sea, 48.
-,-, charges Dutch with being the aggressors, 44; most concerned about refusal of justice, 45; van Gogh assures of desire for peaceful settlement, 46.
-,-, London thanks for preventing bridge at Lambeth, 46n; Fitzharding one of chief favourites, 55, 124.
-,-, informed of capture of Cape Corso, 47; admits giving order to take Cape Corso and New Belgium, 52.
-,-, Dutch comments on reply of given to Downing, 47; van Gogh has audience of, 56.
-,-, largest ships preparing for, ready to put to sea himself, 48; sending many ships out, 51.
-,-, East India Co. inform that Dutch will ruin their trade, 48; orders closing of ports, 55.
-,-, tried to make war appear work of individuals, 52; Louis encourages to persist against Dutch, 53; means to get satisfaction from Dutch, 59.
-,-, decides to have Whitehall rebuilt, 55; James less phlegmatic than, 61; will not attack if Louis means to interpose, 62.
-,-, has regiment raised under command of Killigrew, 55; appoints committee for naval matters, 59.
-,-, Comenge sees and offers mediation, 56: Comenge tells that France bound to aid Dutch in war, 578.
-,-, writes to Madame about joint campaign against corsairs, 57; treaty with corsairs, 64.
-,-, will set forth intentions when parliament meets, 59; desires peace but Dutch must give way, 61; speech at opening of parliament, 62.
-,-, issues orders for building ships, 59, 60; come to believe that open war desirable, 66.
-,-, bound to consider trading interests of subjects, 61; will keep Dutch prizes till satisfaction given, 66; Dutch will keep English ships till they see what will do, 72.
-,-, Comenge asks intentions, sends Fitzharding to Paris to explain, 62; French fear that may join with Spain, 68.
-,-, parliament votes supplies to, for war, 65; Comenge again offers mediation to, 75.
-,-, releases Dutch ships and has them seized again, 66; invites emperor, Brandenburg, Sweden and Denmark to join him in war, 72.
-,-, orders Allen to go against Ruyter, 74; gives Holmes power to dispose of merchant ships, 75.
-,-, decides to grant general letters of reprisal against Dutch, 75; only wants compensation from Dutch, 76.
-, 1665:
-,-, delicacy of Spain's position with, with regard to Dutch, 78; may raise money for war by selling Tangier, 81.
-,-, letter of Senate to, about Hales, 80; writes to Verneuil about entertaining, 87.
-,-, ready to listen to counsels of Louis, 82; large offers to obtain alliance with France, 83.
-,-, parliament egging on to war, 82; passes act for money grant, 83; and thanks parliament, 83; intimated intention to parliament, 86.
-,-, likely to raise pretensions against Dutch, 84; unlikely to make peace without parliament, 87; and on very advantageous terms, 89.
-,-, suspected of quarrelling with Dutch only to obtain money, 87, 89; issues declaration against Dutch, 89, 93, 98.
-,-, has Petersen punished for false report about Dutch cruelty, 87, 89, 90.
-,-, anger against Downing for misleading, 88, 99; confidence in Downing, 95.
-,-, bills being pushed forward for assent of, 89; gives royal assent to two acts, and prorogues parliament, 92.
-,-, gives van Gogh a guard against the mob, 90; readiness of people to serve in war, 95.
-,-, displeased at treatment of Carlisle in Muscovy, 90; sends commissioners to New England, 96.
-,-, frequently views ships at Portsmouth, 91; gives final orders to fleet, 92; pleased with forwardness of fleet, 956.
-,-, attitude to French mediation, 94, 97; Dutch do not believe more pacific than parliament, 99.
-,-, concerned at loss of London, 95; thanks common council for offer to replace it, 96; gives name of Loyal London, 99.
-,-, will not leave Portsmouth before York sails, 97; wishes to see fleet rendezvous, 102.
-,-, orders bishops to compose form of prayer for fast day, 96; French feel sure that will accept mediation, 101.
-,-, sends Russel to punish mutinous troops, 98; declares ships manned by Dutch sailors to be enemies, 111.
-,-, Cotterel to render account of embassy to, 99; Downing says will not defer to French, 107.
-,-, forbids carrying or selling of Dutch goods, 99; announces forfeiture of all goods found on Dutch ships, 100.
-,-, misled by Downing about Dutch determination, 100; Dutch people condemn rulers for quarreling with, with, 169.
-,-, Dutch think will be unable to keep up cost of fleet, 106; Dutch paid no attention to instances of, 109.
-,-, Verneuil has private conference with, 110; reply to French ambassadors' proposals, 111; accepts mediation, 112; French have many private audiences of, 115.
-,-, Spain desires agreement with, 111; Denmark signs new treaty with, 131.
-,-, Dutch waiting for declaration about mediation, 114; peace will follow if restores everything, 121.
-,-, knights George Ent, 115; offence with Comenge, who does not honour toast of, 118.
-,-, French mediation does not affect determination to prosecute war, 120; disinclination of Dutch to give satisfaction to, 122.
-,-, visits Golding's widow and promises pension, 120; ready to grant letters of marque to any one, 123.
-,-, French believe has secret treaty with Dutch, 121; Holles will inform of affair with French nobles, 129.
-,-, letter of Senate to, on Stanton and Bishop, 123; declaration about Santa Maria promised, 128.
-,-, says authority limited about search, 124; gracious reception of French ambassadors, after public entry, 125; they have frequent audience of, 132.
-,-, cannot settle anything without parliament, 124; says ready to listen to Dutch proposals, 130.
-,-, reason for sending Finch to Florence, 128; fear that inducements for foreign war may prove too much for, 1545.
-,-, changes plan, in war, from passive to active, 130; signs of great evil for, 136.
-,-, may go to Hampton Court to escape plague, 132; goes there, may go to Salisbury, 161; leaves for Salisbury, 165, 182.
-,-, French ambassadors get no hope of adjustment from, 132; promises them reasonable reply, 134.
-,-, offers additional interest, to raise money, 133; parliament gave double what asked for war, 164.
-,-, has cowardly captain hanged, 137; York sends captured flags to, and account of battle, 142.
-,-, friendliness to Venice, 138; York's action consolidates crown for, 144.
-,-, Louis urges to make peace, after victory, 143; tells Courtin London will grant more to fight French than Dutch, 147.
-,-, Holles would like to see acting against Turk, 144; Evertsen devoted to, 145; always shown desire for peace, 154; excellent mutual understanding with Louis, 170.
-,-, orders inquiry and punishment of those who reported no quarter given to French, 148.
-,-, negotiations for alliance, at Madrid, 153; gives audience to Molina, 161; Molina most acceptable to, 168.
-,-, banned salt, etc., from France, 155; favours to Verneuil, 165.
-,-, complains to Courtin about treatment of ship at Calais, 156; offer to punish those who insulted French ambassadors, 170.
-,-, French policy may change if means to press victory, 159; will not listen to Dutch proposals, 160; tells mediators Dutch offered more before they interposed, 165.
-,-, mother gives promise to, to return soon, 161; scant credit of mother at Court of, 166.
-,-, wished Sandwich to command fleet, appointed three equal commanders, 164.
-,-, French hope will offer reasonable terms for peace, 165; Dutch should seek peace of, 168.
-,-, sends money to Bishop of Munster, 167, 173; setting in motion plans on land against Dutch. 171.
-,-, would win glory by turning arms against Turk, 171; no room for doubt about great designs of, 175.
-,-, has Dutch secretary arrested, 172; express sent to about Ruyter, 181.
-,-, Oudart in service of, 172; sending reinforcements to fleet and sedulously attending to everything, 187.
-,-, says Dutch cannot subsist without free commerce, 176; Winchilsea may urge to satisfy Sultan about use of ships, 186.
-,-, forbids access to Court, with few exceptions, 181; at Salisbury, in good health, 190.
-,-, gives orders for adjournment of parliament and fleet, 182; reported agreement for partition of Holland and Indies, 189; Dutch want assurance of about letting van Gogh go, 195.
-,-, mediators to present ultimatum to, 193; states preliminary conditions required, 194; will not make peace without another engagement, 197; intends to make it without French mediation, 204.
-,-, sending mission to Brussels and German princes, 195, 208; Louis unlikely to keep friendship if declares against Munster, 207.
-,-, not weakened or perplexed by ravages of plague, 197; Courtin fears may come to terms with Dutch, 200.
-,-, Holles bound to obey about Carignan affair, 197, 212; Winchelsea sends Rycaut to, for instructions, 203.
-,-, peace depends absolutely upon, 204; pretensions will rise with success, 208.
-,-, resents publication of false news from Venice, 2089; aggrieved that no ambassador sent from Venice, 215.
-,-, defended one-sided trade with Venice against parliament, 2089; appeal to, to stop ships serving Turks, 214.
-,-, thinking of anything rather than peace, 2112; reasons for resentment against Dutch, 216.
-,-, Bailleul acted by commission from, 213; stirred to action by sortie of Dutch fleet, 217.
-,-, holding Sweden to alliance, 216; drawing closer to Sweden, 227.
-,-, sent for van Gogh to Oxford, 217; presses van Gogh to get orders to treat for peace, 219.
-,-, Senate sure will not allow Turks vise of ships, 218; speaks sharply to Courtin about attempt to bribe parliament, 219; takes steps against members bribed, 225.
-,-, confidence in patriotism of parliament, 219; they vote him subsidy with enthusiasm, 220; parliament encourages with assistance, 221.
-,-, busy over arming, 221; orders squadrons out to intercept Dutch merchantmen, 227.
-,-, fulsome in praise of Louis in speech to parliament, 222; bridles ardour of people and parliament against French, 225.
-,-, no reason to complain of flag incident, 222; Verneuil and Courtin take leave of, 233; said to have sent after them, id.
-,-, should not complain of France helping Munster, 223; Aubigny bequeathes seigneurie to, 225; alleged letter of to parlement of Bordeaux, 231.
-,-, wants to separate Dutch in peace and assert sovereignty of the sea, 227.
-,-, reply to French proposals of mediation, 228; proposals made to, 229; Denmark sends to, to justify action at Bergen, 230.
-,-, regrets departure of French ambassadors, fears consequences, 233; recalls Holles, 234; inclines to an accommodation, 240.
-,-, van Gogh writes to expressing regret at departure, 237.
-,-, Louis assures Madame of love for France, 239; desires friendly relations with Venetian ministers, 246.
-, 1666:
-,-, Embrun represents objection to intervention with Portugal, 242.
-,-, van Gogh brought letter from, to States, expressing desire for peace, 244; carried away to war by popular clamour, 249.
-,-, Louis declares affection for, 247; Louis allows wine to pass free at request of, 252.
-,-, letter of States General to, about ambassadors leaving and reply, 252; agrees to Molina's opening of negotiations with Dutch, 260.
-,-, parlement of Bordeaux forwards letter of, to Louis, 254; declares war on France, 2667: styles Louis French King, 267.
-,-, regard for Venice, 258; irritated by refusal of red hat to Aubigny, 268.
-,-, returns to London, 258; complained of absence of mission on French queen's death, 274.
-,-, letter to about Salavtor del Mundo, 273; letter to Venice about Ravenscrofts, 2834.
-,-, held out hopes to Munster of others coming in, 273; stirred princess of Germany against Dutch, but got nothing, 279.
-,-, Queen Henrietta shows Louis letter of, 275; explains why her mediation unacceptable, 280.
-,-, Vienna waiting to hear from Spain about treaty with, 277; letters from, recalling Carlingford, 284; sends him back, 287.
-,-, Louis complains of hostility shown by, 281; Grand Duke complains Finch neglects to put him right with, 287.
-,-, Fanshaw promised would bring pressure to bear on Portugal, 281; proposed to send to and demand fulfilment of promise, 282.
-,-, Munster renounces alliance with, 285; cannot see Flanders invaded and occupied by France, 297.
-,-, Spanish desire to show respect to, their resentment at his support of Portugal, 286, 296; Portuguese think should do more for them, 288; Molina spoke to on Fanshaw's failure, 293.
-,-, committed renewal of peace negotiations to mother, 291; Southwell complains of disrespect shown to, 293; Spain may write to resentfully about Fanshaw, 296.

Charles II, king of Spain:
-, Anglo-French war would be advantageous to, 230; quantity of papers submitted to, against adjustment with Portugal, 242.
-, Fanshaw assured of regard of, 256; house for Sandwich furnished at cost of, 297.
-, Austrians cautious during minority of, 257; Louis offered mediation to, 280.

Charles X, king of Sweden, English recall Dutch help for against Danes, 231.

Charles XI, king of Sweden:
-, certain to follow lead of France, 62; concessions required from Dutch to, 75; answer to Dutch letter, 88.
-, means to profit by occasion of English victory, 148; follows example of France, 163.

Charles Amadeus, duke of Nemours, 17n.

Charles Emanuel II, duke of Savoy, Roper sent to, with condolences, 20; becoming estranged from France, 268.

Charles Lewis, Elector Palatine of the Rhine, 26.
-, Sweden will not abandon, 201.

Charles le Quint, Dutch navy, captured in battle, 152.

Chatham, co. Kent, ships ready at, 44; London blown up at (sic), 93.

Chaumont, Guy de, seigneur de Guitry, M. de Gletri, arrives at Paris from Constantinople, 285; sent to oversee Ventelet's reception, 285n

Chester, co. Chester:
-, news from, 84.
-, dowager countess of Derby dies at, 8n; Owen brings enlisted sailors to, 84; garrisoned against invasion, 269.

Chester, Sir Henry, disputed election return, 16n.

Chillingworth, Charles, English consul (deputy) at Leghorn, making provision of salt meat for fleet, 271; has Delight towed to safety, 284.

China, Dutch East India Co. wants monopoly of trade with, 69.

-, king of, Dutch have trouble with, 35; gives Dutch help against Formosa, 186.

Chinigsech, Chinisech. See Knigseck.

Chinigsmack. See Konigsmarck.

Choqueaux, Antoine de, performed operation on Rupert, 63n.

Chouppes, Aimar marquis de, governor of Belle Isle, Lt. Gen. Schiup, count of Belle Isle, directs everything concerning Portugal, 13.

Chrichi. See Crequy, Charles duc de.

Christian, last count of Delmenhorst, 201n.

Christina of Bourbon, dowager duchess of Savoy, condolences on death of, 20.

Cicendorf, Cicondorf. See Zintzendorf, Rudolph von.

Clarendon, countess of. See Hyde, Frances.

-, earl of. See Hyde, Edward.

Cleve, Cleves [Rhenish Prussia, German Empire], Charles Colbert goes to confer with elector at, 255.

Clifford, Sir Thomas, English envoy to Denmark, arrival at Copenhagen, 211; sent to keep Denmark loyal or neutral, 212.

Cloesen, Pierre, commander of the West Friselandt, 206.

Clonitrec. See Naglebome.

cloth, valuable trade in, with Porte, 16; present of, for Caimecam, 116; manufacture of, introduced in France, injures English trade, 249.

coal, ships with, reported capture, 84; great rise in price, power given to fix price, 92; shortage of, but cheerfully borne, 106; from Scotland, reaches Harwich, 144.

cod fishing, nckers used for, 107.

Cogill, Darius, correspondent of Holles at Marseilles, sends news of Lawson, 178.

Coigny, Cognie, marquis of. See Franquetot, Robert Jean Antoine de.

Colbert, Charles, seigneur du Terron, Colbert Terron, sails for Lisbon with money, 13.

-, -, marquis de Croissy, mentioned as deputy for Calais, 239; sets out for Dunkirk, 244; confers with Estrades and goes on to Cleves, 255.

-, Jean Baptiste, controleur general des finances:

Sa treats with, 13; oriental company set up by, 42.

prohibited English manufactures, 155; English greatness would ruin plans for trade, 166.

labouring to put great sums at king's disposition, 177; avarice of estranged northern powers, 268.

St. Romain a confidant of, 235; secretaries confer frequently with Holles, 239.

Colchester, co. Essex, Secretary Cunaeus arrested at, 169n; plague raging at, 292.

Colchester, royal navy, Naglebome taken by, 152; merchantman taken by, 206.

Coligny, comte de. See Saligny, Jean de.

College of Physicians, king attends anatomy lecture at, 115.

Cologne, German Empire, archbishop elector of. See Bavaria, Maximilian Henry of.

Colomber, Colomb [Seine, France], Sagredo sees Queen Henrietta at, 170.

Comartino. See Cormantine.

Comenge, Cominges, Gaston Jean Baptiste, French ambassador in England, 292.
-, offers mediation with Dutch, king's reply to, 33, 44; to ask king for definite reply about, 37; gets only inconclusive answers, 48.
-, sees king, refers to great armaments, offers mediation, 56; to tell Charles of French obligation to succour Dutch, 578.
-, draws attention to armaments, asks king's intentions, 62; renews offer of mediation, 75.
-, reply to, about Jersey frigate, 90n; unfortunate impression made by, 118.
-, serious illness of, 103; still indisposed, 130; asked for recall, to remain on for 2 months, 164.
-, churlish behaviour over king's toast, 118; mob broke windows of, 148; Louis insensible to affronts to, 162.
-, said to be leaving because of plague, 160; to stay on in England, 231.
-, Charles offered to punish those who insulted, 170; arrives at St. Valery, 236.

-, of 16645, 75.
-, of 1665, 110.

Commons, House of, Lower House:
-, new bills read in, triennial act debated, 7; filling up of vacancies in, 16; Clarendon's authority prevails in, 233.
-, letter of Courtin about bribing members of, 217; king speaks to him about, 219.
-, voted subsidy for war, 220; pleased about breach with France, looks for increased influence, 233; set on war, 240, 249.
-, Louis calls canaille of the rabble, 239.

-, Speaker of. See Turner, Sir Edward.

-, See also parliament.

Commonwealth, suspicion of officers in navy who served under, 151.

Compigne [Oise], Turenne reviews troops at, 247.

Compton, James, third earl of Northampton, hands in letter of Bristol to Lords, 6, 7.

Concord or Eendracht, flagship of Opdam, 27.
-, enters Texel, 113; blown up in battle, 139, 140, 142, 146, 150, 152, 157; different explanations of accident, 145.

Cond, prince of. See Bourbon Cond, Louis II de.

Coningsech. See Konigseck.

conspiracy, plot:
-, king urges need to guard against, 56; men guilty of condemned, 8; and executed at Appleby, 11.
-, of Independents and Quakers feared, 73; reports of a fresh, 130; Florentine gazettes report, 209.
-, for Munster against Dutch, 204.

Constantinople, Stamboul, Turkish Empire:
-, free access to valued, 16; steel will be sent increasingly to, 27.
-, Gobato leaves for, 40; Arundel going to, with Leslie, 100.
-, Draperis sent to, and recalled, 116; Rycaut and Draperis leave for, 186.
-, French go to merchants of, for tin and lead, 265; Guitry arrives at Paris from, 285.

-, See also Pera.

consuls, traders apply to for direction, because of war, 111.

-, names of:

at Cadiz, Dutch. See Vanderhutten, Abraham.

-, English. See Westcombe, Martin.

at Leghorn, Dutch. See Straten, Pieter van der.

-, English. See Chillingworth, Charles.

at Venice, English. See Jones, Giles.

at Zante, Dutch. See Magier, Pieter.

Copenhagen, Denmark, mission of Amerongen to, 104; arrival of Clifford at, 211.

Copes, Johan, Brandenburg envoy at the Hague, 72n.

Cordova, Andalusia, Spain, joyous reception of Fanshaw at, 8.

Corfu, Ionian island, fines at Zante could be used for, 257.

Cork, earl of. See Boyle, Richard.

Cormantine, Comartino, Cormantin [Gold Coast, W. Africa]:
-, king of Fantin bribed to attack, 37, 40, 53; driven off with loss, 42.
-, false report of Dutch cruelty at, 85; Ruyter reports capture, 157, 183; French proposals about, 229.

corn, grain:
-, Denmark and Sweden will not supply Dutch with, 59; cargo of, for king of Spain, released, 74; cargo of, from Sicily for Spain, 284n.
-, Dutch forced to get supplies of, from Meuse district, 131; export from France, 147.

Cornaro, Giovanni, Venetian ambassador in Germany:
-, despatches to the Senate, 100, 208, 221, 229, 240, 244, 246, 251, 253, 256, 261, 265, 269, 271, 273, 277, 279, 282, 284, 287, 294, 297.
-, instructions to, 253.
-, exchanges courtesies with Carlingford, 246; to cultivate him, 253.

-, -, Venetian ambassador in Spain:

despatches to the Senate, 3, 8, 14, 19, 225.

instructions to, 22.

resistance to Fanshaw obtaining his house, 19, 22; impatient for Zorzi's arrival, 23; Batteville calls on about house, 24.

pays respects to Fanshaw, 23; Fanshaw offended with, 33; Holles speaks with Sagredo about, 44; Venetian regret about, 53, 78.

Corney, Thomas, English merchant, arrested at Amsterdam, 179; accuses a number of persons, 180.

Corona, a prize, sale ordered, 116.

Cortenaer, Courtenar, Courtenart, Courtinart, Egbert, Lieut. Admiral:
-, at Texel, 113; commanding third squadron, 133; killed in action, 139, 145.
-, answer to boasting of captured English captain, 137.
-, penance of master of, 167.

Corunna, Corugna [Galicia, Spain], Sandwich arrives at, courtesies rendered, 283; Sandwich leaves, 291.

Cotterel, Sir Charles, mission to Brussels, reports to king, 99.

Council, the Privy:
-, Fanshaw admitted to, 3; Winchelsea writes to, about Batchelor, 5; gives Holmes powers over merchant ships, 75.
-, permit of required for officers to return to London, 8; extraordinary, held after interview with Downing, 26; decides not to encourage people by rupture with Dutch, 30.
-, reply to Dutch memorial must be examined in, 35; Charles the only one for Dutch at meetings of, 44.
-, friends of Dutch in, an influence for peace, 87; advises action against Dutch, 89.
-, false report of Dutch outrages to, 89; ill pleased at treatment of Carlisle in Muscovy, 90.
-, great secrecy of proceedings, 122; van Gogh gives proposals in writing to, 134; supposed to be preparing bills for parliament, 182.
-, dismissal of French ambassadors discussed in, 230.

-, clerk of. See Brown, Sir Richard.

Council of the Indies, opposes granting trade facilities to English, 4.

Courtebonne, M. de, king's lieutenant at Calais, allowed Dutch to take English ship in harbour, 156.

Courtenar, Courtinart. See Cortenaer.

Courtin, Custin, Custrin, Honor, seigneur de Chantereine, French ambassador extraordinary to England, 126.
-, ready to start, but lacks money and instructions, 82; ordered to prepare equipage, 88; ordered to start at once, 90; started, 94, 97; sails from Calais, 101.
-, Dutch will not entrust interests to, 88; English do not build on negotiations, 103.
-, treatment desired for, 101; Holles speaks of arrival, 105.
-, Dutch think mission superfluous, 105; opinion about negotiations, 110.
-, coaches waiting for, at Dover, 106; reaches London, 109, 121.
-, Estrades goes to Dunkirk to confer with, 111; has many private audiences, 115.
-, proposals of, and king's reply, 111; further proposals, 112, 115; make little difference to Charles, 120.
-, wished to prevent sailing of English fleet, 114; would like to stay on as ordinary ambassador, 118.
-, has no instructions for any considerable proposal, 115; busy over mediation, 122.
-, at banquet in London, 118; public entry and audience, 125; managing everything, 130.
-, no reply to requests to stop search of ships, 124, 130; measures to get royal packets safely delivered to, 131.
-, said Dutch fleet would not come out, 127.
-, doing little or nothing, 130; frequent audiences, great secrecy, 132.
-, Dutch not pleased with negotiations, 134; uncomplimentary remarks about, 137.
-, courier from, at St. Germain, 138; Charles informs of London's anti-French sentiments, 147.
-, windows broken by mob, 148; Louis insensible of insult to, 162; Charles offered to punish those who insulted, 170.
-, scant attention paid to complaint of embargo on wine and salt, 149; Charles complains to, of ship taken in Calais harbour, 156.
-, remaining while colleagues leave, 160; proposal postponed, 164.
-, Dutch people will have nothing to do with mediation of, 166; neither party will accept offices, 177; should be stimulated to bring about peace, 183.
-, Dutch expect to hear of recall, 178; fears Charles may come to terms with Dutch, 200.
-, to present ultimatum about mediation, 193; Charles informs of necessary preliminary conditions, 194; reply to shows king's determination, 197.
-, Dutch will only make peace based on proposals of, 207; no hope from negotiations of, 218; makes no progress, 227.
-, express courier sent to, 210; present at opening of parliament, 220.
-, king speaks to, of grievances against Dutch, 216; will do nothing at Oxford, 220.
-, Clarendon intercepts letter of, about bribing Commons, 217; king speaks sharply to, of attempt to corrupt parliament, 219; Louis disapproves of and proposes to recall, 222; recall reported, 225; dismissal discussed in Council, 230; Charles said to have sent after, 233.
-, unpopular in London, 222; to observe how Jermyn's offices received, 231.
-, reply to proposals of, 228; proposals made by, 229; same proposals brought forward at conference before Queen Henrietta, 290, 292.
-, quarters prepared for at St. Valery, 231; arrives there, 236; France to declare war on return of, 244.
-, takes leave of king, 233; expected to continue journey, 234; Dutch recall van Gogh on departure, 237.
-, to succeed Estrades at Hague, 234; letter of States General on departure, 252.

-, Pierre, bourgeois of Paris, ancestor of ambassador, 222n.

Coventry, Coventres, Henry, English ambassador to Sweden, choice of, 32; returning home, 59; leaving without a conclusion, 63.

-, William, secretary of the duke of York, opinion about loss of Hector, 205.

Coverdin, Dutch navy, destroyed in battle, 152.

Coyet, S., Swedish ambassador to England, instructions to, 278; French do not build much on, 281.

Crequy, Charles duc de, prince of Poix, duke of Chrichi, Crichi, leaves Toulon with galleys, 18; to go as deputy, to Calais, 239.

Crete, Candia, island of, Turks using Christian ships to take troops to, 214, 224.

Crevant, Louis de, marechal d'Humires, raises question of flag with duke of York, 165.

Cromwell, Oliver, the Protector:
-, trouble anticipated from ex-officers of, 11; officers of coming forward to serve in fleet, 61.
-, Dutch losses by reprisals in time of, 11, 30, 42.
-, Dutch ships finer than those of time of, 51; French agreement with, about flag, 112.
-, policy with Spain, 54; waged foreign war to prevent trouble at home, 97.
-, Venice sent ambassador to, 215; Mazarin outbid Spaniards in dealing with, 256.

Crown, royal navy, alleged cowardly behaviour at Cadiz, 124.

Cuba, West Indies, Spanish ships from, attacked from Jamaica, 28.

Cunaeus, Peter, Dutch secretary in England, arrested at Colchester, 169, 172; threat to treat in same way as Oudart, 189.

Cunningham, William, earl of Glencairn, chancellor of Scotland, dead, 26.

Cupers, Captain, ship of, destroyed in battle, 152.

-, no one will farm new impost on, 6; improper charges on to be abolished, 223, 36.
-, merchants go to Cephalonia for, leaving those of Zante, 36; Dutch attack on English would be disaster for, at Zante, 96.
-, poor crop and low price, 206; overplanting at Zante, proposed fines, 257.
-, parliament objects to trade in, as drain of money, 208; justified as substitute for help against Turk, 209; limited crop at Cephalonia, disposal of, 294.

Custin, Custrin. See Courtin.

Cuttle, Captain, of the Hector, lost with his ship, 205.