Venice: January 1534

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Calendar of State Papers Relating To English Affairs in the Archives of Venice, Volume 5, 1534-1554. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1873.

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January 1534

1534. Jan. 9. Lettere del Collegio (Secreta), File no. 13. 1. The Doge and College to Carlo Capello, Ambassador in England.
Enclose summary of last letters from Constantinople, which are to be communicated to the King, requesting him not to say that he had the advices from the Signory.
On the 31st of October last the Republic's Proveditor of the Fleet, when convoying the galleys bound to Alexandria, fell in by night off the Island of Candia with thirteen galleys commanded by the Moor, and they fought, not knowing each other.
This encounter having occurred by mistake, the Signory has sent apologies to the Turk by their secretary, Daniel Ludovici. (fn. 1)
To acquaint the King with this circumstance. (fn. 2)
Jan. 28. Parti Secrete, Consiglio X., File no. 4. 2. Motion made in the Council of Ten and Junta, concerning Prothonotary Casal.
That the Reverend English Ambassador be answered.
Have pondered well what your Lordship caused to be read from England in the King's name, with regard to binding ourselves to His Majesty by a secret understanding.
Being desirous that the peace which has been made between the Christian Powers and in Italy may be maintained, it behoves us with regard to our foreign policy to act with great caution and regard, so as not to give umbrage to any of our confederates, by causing them to suspect us of negotiating innovations which they might easily resent.
Therefore pray your Lordship to acquaint the King with what is aforesaid, praying him to accept our apology, and to judge the same with his goodness and consummate prudence.
Resolved that a copy of the aforesaid reply, together with the summary consigned to us by the aforesaid ambassador, be sent to our ambassador in England, solely for his instruction.
Ayes, 13. Noes, 9. Neutrals, 3.
Jan. 29. Parti Secrete, Consiglio X., File no. 4. 3. The Chiefs of the Ten to Carlo Capello, Venetian Ambassador in England.
The Reverend Prothonotary Casal, English Ambassador, has read to us a letter written to him by his brother the magnifico Sir Gregory, dated London, 13th of December. Answered him by enclosed copy.
(In virtue of a motion carried yesterday in the Council of Ten.) [In cipher throughout as noted on the margin of the draft.]
Jan. 29. Parti Secrete, Consiglio X., File no. 4. 4. Summary of the letter alluded to in the foregoing missive from the Chiefs of the Ten to Carlo Capello.
That the King of England, considering that the Pope and the most Christian King will have formed some private agreement, possibly with some design both on the State of Urbino, and on the Duchy of Milan, to which they may also purpose obtaining the Emperor's consent; and as there has always been friendship between the Signory and King Henry VIII., the King then would have a private understanding with the Signory for the common benefit; and is of opinion that by reason of his close friendship with the most Christian King, he can restrain him from altering anything, but more effectually if assisted by the counsel and authority of the most Illustrious Signory.
His Majesty is always sure of the Princes of Germany, who wish for the Council; and thinks it impolitic not to agree with them in this matter, as it seems necessary for the common weal, and would interrupt all the intrigues of the opposite party.
His Majesty knows that besides the Germans, many other Christian Princes will take part with him; and should this not suffice, he offers to share the expense, and do whatever is requisite for the common benefit, both for offence and defence; so he wishes to have the counsel and opinion of the Signory in this matter, and should anything be decided, their Ambassador in England is to negotiate.
Jan. 29. Mantuan Archives. 5. Mattheo Cavallaro to the Duke of Mantua.
His son Giovan Mattheo will pay the writer's respects to the Duke, and present him with a mare. Expected to obtain permission from the King to return home and live and die with the Duke. God knows how much he did to get leave, but it was impossible, and perhaps his too great importunity was injurious, as at the beginning his Majesty seemed pliant, and well nigh promised it him, but when it came to the point, did not choose him to depart; so he remains and sends his son alone, God knows with how much regret. His son will tell the Duke what the King has done about his, Mattheo's affairs. Requests the Duke to favour his son, and with regard to the present of the mare, not to scorn such a trifle, but to accept this act of duty.
Most humble servant,
(Signed) Mattheo Cavallaro.
From London. 29th of January 1534.
[Original. Italian.]


  • 1. Ludovici was accompanied on this mission by his cousin Benetto Ramberti, who took the opportunity to compile an account of the Court of Sultan Solymau, etc. etc., which was printed by Aldus, in the year 1545, and is one of his rarest publications.
  • 2. An account of the sea fight between the Turkish commander, “the Moor of Alexandria,” and the Venetian Proveditor Girolamo da Canale, may be read in Andrea Morosini's Venetian History (Italian translation), vol. i. pp. 371–376.