Venice: July 1536

Pages 44-46

Calendar of State Papers Relating To English Affairs in the Archives of Venice, Volume 5, 1534-1554. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1873.

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July 1536

July 5. Lettere del Collegio (Secreta), File no. 15. 107. Doge Andrea Griti to King Henry VIII.
As fittingly to express by letter the joy he experienced on receiving the news of the King's marriage, would perhaps render him too tedious, he has charged the circumspect Hieronimo Zuchato, his very faithful secretary resident in England, to present himself to his Majesty, and respectfully to congratulate him in his (the Doge's) name on the event; requesting that the King will deign to give the secretary unquestionable credence. He therefore prays the Almighty to prosper this marriage, so that the King may have such progeny as to satisfy his very reasonable wish, proving also to the advantage, delight, and ornament of the very flourishing realm of England.
July 5. Lettere del Collegio (Secreta), File no. 15. 108. Doge Andrea Griti to the most Serene Queen of England [Jane Seymour].
By reason of his perpetual observance towards the most Serene King of England, rejoiced extremely to hear that he had married her Majesty, and most especially understanding that she is amply adorned with such religious and mental endowments as to render her eminently worthy of that supreme dignity and [good] fortune. He therefore congratulates her Majesty, and prays the Almighty that from so auspicious and fortunate a marriage such lineage may ensue as to gratify her Majesty, and the general wish of the illustrious kingdom of England. Lest perchance he should be too prolix in duly setting forth his joy, as becoming, has charged his most faithful and circumspect secretary, Hieronymo Zuchato, resident there, to state it more fully by word of mouth in his (the Doge's) name, and requests her Majesty to vouchsafe him indubitable credence.
July 5. Lettere del Collegio (Secreta), File no. 15, 109. The Doge and College to the Secretary (Zuccato) in England.
Have received his letters of the 10th ulto., with very full accounts of the marriage of the most Serene King and Madam (Madamma) Jane; whom his Majesty has accepted as his legitimate wife, and Queen of England, with all possible rejoicings, the coronation being appointed for St. John's day. Although the Signory is convinced that he (Zuccato) in their name, will have performed such office of congratulation with the King and Queen as due, according to the intention announced by him; they nevertheless, to testify their satisfaction and observance towards their Majesties, chose immediately to write the accompanying congratulatory letters as by the enclosed copy. He is to present them first to the King and then to the Queen, expatiating by word of mouth on the Republic's extreme satisfaction and joy, and very great desire that from a marriage of such celebrity his Majesty may have offspring to his satisfaction.
In reply to the other parts of his letter, have only to commend, as hitherto.
Enclose the summary of their [last letters from Constantinople, which he will communicate to the King.
July 8. Despatches Venetian Archives, File no. 4 B. 110. Lorenzo Bragadino, Venetian Ambassador at Rome, to the Signory.
Although these Frenchmen represent their affairs as very flourishing, I nevertheless hear through a sure channel, that hitherto the King of England remains neutral, nor has he yet determined to join the King for the defence of the kingdom, although the Pope assured me of the contrary. Hitherto, the greater part of the Swiss Cantons have been neutral, and the Switzers now in the King's pay were not levied in the usual manner, but went to serve his most Christian Majesty without leave from their masters.
Rome, 8th July.
July 14. Lettere del Collegio (Secreta), File no. 15. 111. The Doge and College to the Secretary (Zuccato) in England.
Having received letters from Constantinople, dated the 11th ulto., about the putting to sea of Barbarossa, send their summary for communication as usual.
July 21. Deliberazioni Senato (Secreta) vol. lvii. p. 35. 112. The Doge and Senate to the Bailo at Constantinople.
By letters from England we understand that most Serene King, after beheading Queen Anne, as you will have learned by the last [advices], has taken to wife and proclaimed as Queen a gentlewoman by name Madame Jane, daughter of a Knight [Sir John Seymour], a private English gentleman. These advices we charge you to communicate as usual to the magnificos the Bashaws.
Ayes, 148. Noes, 5. Neutrals, 5.
July 22. Despatches Venetian Archives, File No. 4 B. 113. Lorenzo Bragadino, Venetian Ambassador in Rome, to the Signory.
The Pope has letters from France, dated the 9th instant, informing him that the King was very powerful, and that should the Emperor invade France he [King Francis] would immediately have the most Serene King of England in his favour.
Rome, 22nd July.
July 30? MS. St. Mark's Library, Cod. xxiv. Cl. x. No date of time. Printed in vol. i. pp. 467–470. “Epistolarum Reginaldi Poli,” Ed. Brescia, 1752. 114. Reginald Pole to Pope Paul III. (fn. 1)
Has received his Holiness's brief, dated 27th July, announcing that he has nominated the Council as a remedy for the ills of Christendom. For this returns thanks to God, congratulates the Pope, and anticipates the best result from such a measure. Promises to assist the Pope, with the other persons called to aid him with their counsel, in whatever may relate to the future assembly. Is however surprised at having been summoned, having never aspired to similar offices, of which he believes himself unworthy, for when summoned heretofore he alleged causes and pretexts (tergiversationes) for not obeying, nor cared subsequently to preserve the Pope's good disposition by letters or messengers. This good disposition being neither withdrawn nor diminished affords great proof of the Pope's graciousness and affability; but on the present occasion the Pope has written to him so stringently that it is not possible to find excuse of any sort, unless (which God forbid) he chose to break every tie of subjection to the vicar of Christ. He will, therefore, obey the call willingly, bearing in mind by whom it is made and for what purpose. But what will the King of England think of this journey? will it not offend him? This thought harasses him, for to this King, heretofore the delight of the Church and well deserving of the religion, more so than any other Prince, he rendered and will always render all the offices due from a subject to his sovereign, and from a son to his father. God grant that the King may be converted, though, to say the truth, of this he sees no indication; yet he does not despair, thinking of his excellent disposition, of his religious education, and of the many prayers made for him, especially as a Council of the whole of Christendom is now being formed; nor will God allow it to take place without the obedience tam preciosœ ovis, and of so noble a realm as England. This is the object of his hopes and prayers.
Paduan Territory, 30th July 1536?
[Latin, 60 lines.]


  • 1. Reginald Pole was created Cardinal by Paul III. on 22nd December 1536, five months after the date of this letter. His eldest brother Henry Pole, Lord Montague, was executed on the 9th January 1539; and his mother, Countess of Salisbury, shared the same fate (at the age of 70) on the 27th May 1541.