BHO

Introduction: Part One

Pages vii-xxv

Calendar of Treasury Books, Volume 3, 1669-1672. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1908.

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Table of contents

Introduction.

In the two preceding volumes of this Calendar the story of the financial troubles of Charles II. has been carried down to the end of the year 1668. It has been thought advisable to extend the present volume so as to include the period up to Lord Clifford's Treasurership, thereby covering the episode of the stop of the Exchequer. The real nature of that episode, the first acknowledged bankruptcy in English History, was perfectly well understood by the contemporary official and financial world of England. Nor did contemporary writers misunderstand it. Burnet's account, for instance, though written thirty years after the event, is in its form unimpeachable. Misrepresentation arose first at the hand of Whig politicians, followed therein by Whig historians, but it has been reserved for modern writers to improve such misrepresentation by the most absurd and unhistorical innuendos. In its grossest form the modern version of the myth states that the bankers had been in the habit of depositing in the Exchequer cash balances or reserves for safe keeping and that Charles II. simply seized upon these deposits. And even where such misstatement is avoided the inference is invariably drawn that Charles profited instantly by the amount of the bankers' assignments which were stopped.

The two preceding introductions will have failed of their purpose if they have not foreshadowed at once the inevitability of the impending national bankruptcy and the exact technical nature or procedure of the transaction itself.

As to the first of the points, the inevitability of the act of bankruptcy, it is a mere matter of figures. The accounts of Charles's income have been already brought down to the end of the year 1668. In the following tables they are carried on to the date of the stop of the Exchequer.

Hereditary Revenue of the King.

1668, Mich., to 1669. Easter. 1669. Easter to Mich., 1669. Mich., to 1670. Easter. 1670. Easter, to Mich. 1670. Mich., to 1671, Easter. 1671, Easter, to Mich. 1671, Mich., to 31 Dec., 1671
£ s. d. £ s. d. £ s. d. £ s. d. £ s. d. £ s. d. £ s. d.
Receivers General of Crown Lands 11,844 8 2,596 5 10,017 12 4,873 4 7,966 11 0 4,237 18 2,600 0 0
Customs and subsidies 88,452 12 1 184,952 2 5 126,817 2 4 136 233 6 106 371 0 6 56,401 8 7 226,148 14 10½
Excise 129,474 16 7 123,098 3 4 146,518 13 4 157,857 16 9 170,255 13 4 213,487 2 2 121,531 12 2
Sheriffs of counties and cities 696 6 5 1,083 0 668 17 5 860 10 1 541 3 4 1,001 15 1,121 10 0
Lighthouses 52 10 0 20 0 0 40 0 0 20 0 0 20 0 0
Coal farm (4s. and 1s. per chaldron) 519 6 3 719 6 3 736 12 6 519 6 3 1,019 6 3 19 6 3 500 0 0
Lands seized and extended 2 0 7 4 4 11 4 13 1 18 6 2 0 10 0 15 0 33 3 2
Fines of leases 80 16 7 8 4 2 23 5 2 535 11 9 3 17 6 732 0 0 350 6 0
Loan money (general loans and loans on the Customs, Excise and Hearths) 13,558 4 8 108,683 6 8 136,568 10 0 157,450 10 98,694 0 7 248,422 12 1 159,277 2 6
Rent of lands 145 3 8 2 0 0 25 10 4 21 0 0 185 19 7 63 13 11
Bailiffs of Liberties 137 3 4 57 14 10 74 0 0 32 11 7 101 12 11 28 16 1 13 9 4
Farm of Post Office 925 0 0 45 12 6
Redemption of lands 100 0 0
Post Fines 150 0 0 50 0 0
Compositions in the Exchequer 180 9 5 119 7 8 1 19 1 44 0 0 841 15 7
Enstalled debts 100 0 0 100 0 0 100 0 0 100 0 0 100 0 0 7,671 16
Forfeited goods (seizures) 2,494 16 5 2,398 19 8 2,470 2 2,420 8 1 3,387 0 11½ 2,127 0 2
Farm of logwood 190 5 750 0 0 250 0 0 250 0 0 250 0 0 250 0 0
Fines for alienations 1,850 0 0 600 0 0 751 0 0 310 0 0 1,000 0 0
Loans on fines for alienations 1,500 0 0
Imprest money repaid 1,519 15 11½ 5,975 0 0 1,304 0 0 600 0 0 110 0 0
Tenths of the Clergy 3,108 4 4 7,519 11 10½ 1,954 16 7,557 0 11 1,378 7 11 5,836 1 3 1,952 10 11½
Prizage and Butlerage 74 0 0 322 6 8
First Fruits 1,200 0 0 7,905 3 1,200 0 0 3,497 3
Custody of idiots 10 0 0 5 0 0 5 0 0 5 0 0
Hanaper 10 0 0
Duty on French ships 600 0 0 600 0 0 600 0 0 300 0 0 300 0 0
Queen Consort's dowry 1,226 10 0 4,500 0 0 5,400 0 0 250 0 0
Society of Musicians 2 0 0 2 0 0 2 0 0
Issues of Jurors 45 16 0
Hearthmoney 8,852 14 53,848 15 9 28,528 13 10 49,670 9 7 145,276 17 4 46,877 15 11 39,394 8 10½
Money received of the French King (for Dunkirk) 4,025 0 0
Clerk of the faculties 225 0 0 100 0 0 125 0 0
Society of tobacco pipe makers 1 6 8 1 6 8 1 6 8
Tin Farm 1,000 0 0 1,000 0 0
Farmer of King's Bench fees 80 1 4 200 0 0 676 18 2
Farm of the Alum Works 3,845 0 0 500 0 0 2,234 0 0 1,000 0 0
Loans on the Alum Works 225 13 6
Farmers of masts and timber 3,250 0 0 700 0 0 1,400 0 0 2,800 0 0 700 0 0 2,225 0 0
Rent of Customs for fish 1 5 0
Loans on salt farm 1,000 0 0
Salt Farm 550 0 0 350 0 0 1,100 0 0 500 0 0 500 0 0
Clerk of the bills 13 6 8 13 6 8
Plate out of the Jewel House 1,000 0 0 1,000 0 0
Money received for the use of His Majesty 4,625 7 0 4,500 0 0
Rent of Bombay 20 0 0 10 0 0
Assarts and purprestures 62 18 1 3,351 5
Tin received at Ostend 1,000 0 0 1,238 8
Baronet fees 1,095 0 0 1,095 0 0
Farm of fines for licence of concord 350 0 0 405 0 0
Farm of unwrought wood 700 0 0
Four and a half per cent, in Barbados, &c. 673 6 8 3,228 10 8
Duchy of Cornwall 4,660 0 0
Loans to the King 178,000 0 0
Wine Licences 3,125 0 0 2,383 16 8 3,709 2 6
Total £ 267,416 13 5 504,386 16 10½ 471,369 6 7 524,735 2 11½ 731,907 1 605,349 14 7 571,779 1 2

Parliamentary Revenue of the King.

1668, Mich., to 1669, Easter. 1669, Easter, to Mich. 1669, Mich., to 1670, Easter. 1670, Easter, to Mich. 1670, Mich., to 1671, Easter. 1671, Easter, to Mich. 1671, Mich., to 31st Dec., 1671.
£ s. d. £ s. d. £ s. d. £ s. d. £ s. d. £ s. d. £ s. d.
Arrears of assessments 10 3 4 11 2 10 0 10 0 8 3 6 139 11 10
Voluntary present 0 3 0 105 0 0 101 5 8
Eighteen Months' assessment 304 15 4 905 3 2 1,390 0 5 123 16 6
Subsidies (1663) 101 10 0 41 9 8 599 0 0 172 11 6 105 18 8
Royal Aid 5,979 15 3,913 0 8 449 17 4 1,614 1 1 1,797 0 8 1,785 18 10 44 16 0
Additional Aid 14,269 1 5,729 3 11 1,489 11 0 2,122 1 131 10 8 202 17 6 38 5 8
One Month's assessment for the Duke of York 574 10 1 1 6 6 1 10 0 97 18 6
Poll 729 17 4 555 3 1 34 7 0 175 10 49 15 0
Coinage duty 2,251 6 2,738 5 8 3,134 7 4,213 2 4,737 15 1 10,574 1 2,421 18 10½
Eleven Months' assessment 568,913 13 4 266,481 2 62,874 11 13,579 13 4,513 3 5 5,400 0 933 6 10½
Loans on first Wine Act 287,000 0 0 13,000 0 0
First Wine Act 33,856 9 1 111,932 17 11 59,841 16 3 4,000 0 0
Retrospect of first Wine Act 6,998 0 0 1,646 0 0 2,000 0 0
Loans on fee farms 70,001 10 5,539 16 1 2,387 4 0 20,667 12 7
Sale of fee farms 1,135 9 5 15,434 8 10 68,174 9 57,676 1
Farmers of brandy 2,000 0 0
Loans on second Wine Act 19,753 6 6 2,684 19
Second Wine Act 58,700 0 0 33,000 0 0
Subsidy (1670–1) 59,032 8 3 76,572 19 1 75,345 16
Law duties 7,412 7 10
Total £ 914,001 1 10½ 293,437 1 10½ 180,070 16 10 115,195 14 219,591 13 205,526 15 159,351 14 9

Total Income: Hereditary and Parliamentary.

£ s. d. £ s. d.
1668, Mich., to 1669, Easter 1,181,417 15
1669, Easter to Mich. 797,823 18 9
1,979,241 14
1669, Mich., to 1670, Easter 651,440 3 5
1670, Easter to Mich. 639,930 17 5
1,291,371 0 10
1670, Mich., to 1671, Easter 951,498 15 2
1671, Easter to Mich. 810,876 10
1,762,375 5
1671, Mich. to Dec. 31 731,130 15 11

Net Produce of the Hereditary Revenue of the Crown after Deduction of Loans and Parliamentary Taxes.

£ s. d. £ s. d. £ s. d.
1668, Mich., to 1669, Mich. 649,521 18 11½ Loans 122,241 11 4 1,329,719 15 1
Parliamentary taxes 1,207,478 3 9
1669, Mich., to 1670, Mich. 700,858 19 6 Loans 294,019 0 590,512 1 4
Parliamentary taxes 295,266 11
Queen's dowry 1,226 0 0
1670, Mich., to 1671, Mich. 807,640 3 Loans 525,116 12 8 954,735 1 11
Parliamentary taxes 425,118 9 3
Queen's dowry 4,500 0 0
1671, Mich., to Dec. 31. 412,251 18 8 Loans 159,277 2 6 318,878 17 3
Parliamentary taxes 159,351 14 9
Queen's dowry 250 0 0

Total Revenue of England from the Restoration to the Stop of the Exchequer.

£ s. d.
1660, June—1666, Dec. 9,848,844 5
1667 1,526,513 18 5
1668, Jan.—Mich 916,551 10
1668 Mich.—1669, Mich 1,979,241 14
1669, Mich.—1670, Mich 1,291,371 0 10
1670, Mich.—1671, Mich. 1,762,375 5
1671, Mich.—31 Dec. 731,130 15 11
£18,056,028 10

Or' a yearly average for 11½ years of 1,570,089l. 8s. 9d. for both hereditary and extraordinary revenue.

In the above brief account of total revenue I have allowed the items of loan money to rank as revenue. For the purpose of a balance sheet this does not matter, because (up to the stop of the Exchequer) the loans were faithfully repaid, so that these items appear on both sides of the account, debit and credit. But for the purpose of the average of yearly revenue they should certainly not be so included, for a loan is not income. The items of loan money given in table A supra pp. viii. and ix. total over a million and a half for the 3¼ years covered by the account, representing an average loan account of half a million a year. For the whole 11½ years from the Restoration to the Stop of the Exchequer these loans total over 2½ millions, and would thus reduce the average income by 230,000l. a year and would thus bring down Charles's total revenue to about 1,340,000l. per an. In other words all the additional extraordinary parliamentary grants of every kind (the bulk of which was granted for war purposes) only just succeeded in covering up the deficit on the ordinary revenue, which should have been 1,200,000l. per an. without war taxes or extraordinary aids of any kind.

Total Expenditure of England from the Restoration to the Stop of the Exchequer.

For the reasons stated in the introduction to Vol. II of this Calendar pp. xiii seq. it is impossible to give the authentic figures. But a deduction can be made on the following principle:—

During the four years 1661–5 the total expenditure (including no war expenditure whatever or any other extraordinary expenditure) was 5,245,306l. 7s. 7d., representing a yearly average of 1,311,326l. 11s. 10d. as the average yearly peace expenditure of the country.

Prior to the Stop of the Exchequer no drastic economies were made in the ordinary peace establishments.

Taking this average, therefore, the total expenditure was probably:—

£ s. d.
11½ years' peace expenditure 14,424,592 10 2
Parliamentary estimate of the cost of the first Dutch war (demonstrably an under estimate) 5,813,841 10 11½
Total expenditure £20,238,434 1
Total revenue 18,056,028 10
Debt £2,182,405 10

Without insisting upon every figure of this statement I take it as a perfectly just and sound deduction that at the time of the stop of the Exchequer the National Debt amounted to between 2 and 2¼ millions sterling. This debt consisted partly in running debts on the various departmental services and partly in loan or other liabilities, the nature of which will be described immediately.

To return to the period covered by the present instalment of Calendar. The actual expenditure for the whole period cannot be given for the reasons already stated. Only three half-yearly declarations of issues have survived and these are not cast up. I have, however, cast up the items and totalled them as follows, and as the best substitute for an exact statement of expenditure for the missing Exchequer half years I have appended to this table of three half-yearly declarations the chief statements of departmental expenditure from the Declared Accounts. In their totality they are absolutely reliable and final, and will be found to confirm the general estimate of expenditure and debt given above.

Expenditure.

1669. Mich., to 1670. Easter. 1671, Easter, to Mich. 1672, Easter, to Mich.
£ s. d. £ s. d. £ s. d.
Privy Purse 8,565 19 48,401 1 22,690 19 10
Cofferer of the Household 16,000 0 0 79,428 14 44,815 11 8
Treasurer of the Chamber 5,322 16 9 9,642 0 0 12,712 13
Master of the Horse 750 0 0 7,000 0 0
Navy and Victualling 171,834 12 59,109 2 6 413,750 0
Great Wardrobe 2,500 0 0 4,882 8 0 5,106 10
Master of the Robes 500 0 0 3,000 0 0 4,000 0 0
Jewel Office 23,352 14 10½ 8,709 6 6
Works 12,418 19 2 7,284 8 5 7,866 3 0
Ordnance 18,175 18 4 6,332 0 0 66,589 16 10
Mint 1,912 0 7,500 0 0 6,400 0 0
Queen Mother 100,00 0 0 10,054 5 0
Ambassadors 16,549 4 9 9,018 10 0 15,182 10 0
Secret and special service 4,850 0 0 7,100 0 0 21,666 8 0
Gentlemen Pensioners 1,200 0 0 5,232 16 0 4,000 0 0
Annual allowances 12,680 14 6 13,863 6
Fees and annuities (the ordinary Civil Service) 26,942 10 1 22,692 7 11½ 19,586 4 3
Liveries of the Exchequer 1,908 19 612 3 10½
Army and Garrisons 112,826 0 5 139,486 14 9 142,484 1 2
Pensions 8,283 2
Rewards and bounties 1,122 1 8 25,377 12 10 26,895 10
Extraordinaries of divers natures 23,702 7 9 13,834 13 10 165,648 8 11 (fn. 1)
Defalcations 200 0 0 2,342 7 6
Loan money repaid 175,410 4 0 234,366 19 7 78,127 3 8
Interest for loans 39,585 11 7 61,795 7 27,238 5 8
Reward for procuring loans 2,999 5 11 4,479 2 5 154 18 6
Money transferred 1,255 3 9
Tangier 11,483 11 4
£ s. d.
Total warrants 803,543 13
Total Fees 21,693 7
[Sic] (fn. 2)£ 825,237 0

Customs.

CHARGE. DISCHARGE.
£ s. d. £ s. d.
1668 Mich., to 1669, Mich. Farm rent 400,000 0 0 Ready money paid into the Exchequer 185,618 6 10
Paid or lent upon tallies, &c. 182,171 19
Defalcations and rewards 26,735 19 10
£400,000 0 0 £394,526 6
1669, Mich., to 1670, Mich. Farm rent 400,000 0 0 Paid into the Exchequer 311,123 3
Paid on tallies, &c. 59,849 16 8
Defalcations. rewards. &c. 28,345 9
£400,000 0 0 £399,318 9 7
1670, Mich., to 1671, Mich. Farm rent 400,000 0 0 Paid into the Exchequer 335,463 6
Rent of export of lampernes 53 6 8 Paid on tallies 5,583 6 8
Defalcation 67,820 1 10½
Fees, salaries, &c 31,808 19 7
£400,053 6 8 £440,675 14 2
1671, Mich., to 1672, Mich. Receipts of Customs, London 392,757 0 10½ Payments out of Customs into the Exchequer or on tallies, &c. 462,657 12
Receipts of Customs, outports 170,628 19 Ditto out of wines 144,416 15
New imposition on wines, London port 109,555 7 8 Fees, &c. 34,188 12
New imposition on wines, outports 39,403 14 10
Overpayments 339 16 11¼
£715,365 16 £641,262 19 11½
1672, Mich., to 1673, Mich. Receipts of Customs, London 347,518 1 Payments out of Customs into the Exchequer or on tallies, &c. 430,014 12 8
Receipts of Customs, outports 160,287 4 8 Ditto out of wines 157,268 8
Overpayments 3,803 9 Salaries. incidents, allowances, rebates. &c., &c. 134,855 12
Receipts of wines, London 126,061 18 4
Receipts of wines, outports 39,560 12
Overpayments 601 9 11½
£677,833 6 0 £722,138 13 11¼

Excise.

Excise of London, Middlesex and Surrey.
CHARGE. DISCHARGE.
£ s. d. £ s. d.
1671, June 24, to 1674, June 24. Farm rent for the three years 420,000 0 0 Interest 15,210 7 5
Paid by Treasury warrant 41,827 13 6
Paid into the Exchequer 282,467 13 5
Advance money 35,000 0 0
Salaries, allowances, &c. 36,554 4 2
£420,000 0 0 £411,059 18
Farm of the five counties: Kent, Essex, Norfolk, Suffolk and Bucks (held by the London Farmers).
£ s. d. £ s. d.
1668, June 24, to 1671, June 24. Farm rent for the three years 164,340 0 0 Paid into the Exchequer 164,340 0 0
Rent of brandy, &c. 7,250 0 0 7,250 0 0
£171,590 0 0 £171,590 0 0
Additional Excise (London, Middlesex and Survey).
£ s. d. £ s. d.
1671, June 24, to 1674, June 24. Rent for the three years 162,000 0 0 Paid by tallies and warrants 30,218 4 0
Paid into the Exchequer 131,781 16 0
£162,000 0 0 £162,000 0 0
Country Farm.
£ s. d. £ s. d.
1668, June 24, to 1669, June 24. Farm rent of the separate counties 179,025 0 0 Paid into the Exchequer 143,890 3 4
Minus portions thereof unpaid at the end of this year 37,755 8 8 Allowances to Farmers, &c. 2,502 10
£141,269 11 4
Other receipts 414 8 9
£141,684 0 1 £146,392 13
1669, June 24, to 1670, June 24. Farm rent of separate counties 143,220 0 0 Paid into the Exchequer 120,700 0 0
Minus portions thereof unpaid at the end of the year 42,412 16 3 Paid on tallies or orders 12,929 11 0
Interest to Farmers 1,492 10 0
£100,807 3 9
Other receipts 128 1 0
£100,935 4 9 £135,212 1 0
1670, June 24, to 1671, June 24. Farm rent of separate counties 107,415 0 0 Paid into the Receipt 137,665 0 9
Minus portions thereof unpaid at the end of the year 25,535 18 Paid on tallies, &c. 1,287 6 8
Interest to Farmers 930 10 0
[2,710 0 0]
£81,579 1 10½
Other receipts 26 9 4
£81,605 11 £142,582 17 5
1671, June 24, to 1672, June 24. Farm rent of separate Counties [including New Additional Excise] 352,125 0 0 Paid into the Exchequer 286,712 12 8
Minus portions thereof unpaid at the end of this year 74,321 15 Interest, salaries, &c. 7,446 7 1
£277,803 4 10½
Other receipts 52 18 4
£277,856 3 £294,158 19 9
1672, June 24, to 1673, June 24. (fn. 3) Farm rent of separate counties 281,700 0 0 Paid into the Exchequer 271,966 5 2
Minus portions thereof unpaid at the end of this year 72,564 5 Paid the Duke of York 18,000 0 0
Interest, salaries, &c. 6,540 2 1
£209,135 14 £296,506 7 3

Navy.

CHARGE. DISCHARGE.
£ s. d. £ s. d.
1668, Nov. 1, to 1669, Dec. 31. Money out of the Exchequer 205,405 0 0 Charge of maintaining the Navy 269,759 18 10¾
All other receipts 17,015 11 8 Allowances 41 13 4
£222,420 11 8 £629,801 12
1670, Jan.—Dec. Money out of the Exchequer 183,895 1 5 Charge of maintaining the Navy 238,264 0
All other receipts. 514 13 1 Incidents, allowances, &c. 44,256 14
£184,409 14 6 £282,520 14 11¾
1671, Jan. 1, to Oct. 14. (fn. 4) Money out of the Exchequer. 436,910 15 2 Charge of maintaining the Navy. 367,567 13 7
All other receipts 31,131 0 10
1671, Oct. 14, to 1673, July 12. Money out of the Exchequer 1,032,432 10 Charge of maintaining the Navy 748,362 6
Other Receipts 10,493 4 Sick and wounded 14,125 16 6
French moneys 181,632 0 0 Sundries 13,728 9 2
Other receipts 9,561 12 6 Moneys handed to succeeding Treasurer 64,471 1 3
Paper orders in the Customs, &c. 269,510 11 6 Paper orders handed to succeeding Treasurer 452,980 1
Ditto on the wine duties. 454,469 8 Worthless paper orders 31,504 15
Worthless paper orders 3,500 0 0
Allowances 1,618 6 8
Depending on imprest accompts 661,108 5
Allowed to accomptant 2,747 5 11
£1,994,099 8 £1,994,099 8

Victualling.

CHARGE. DISCHARGE.
£ s. d. £ s. d.
1669, Jan.–Dec. Moneys out of the Exchequer 40,975 13 4 Victualling (ordinary, sea victualling Tangier and West Indies.) 43,555 15
Remains of victuals 700 1 3
£41,675 14 7 £43,555 15
(fn. 5) 1670, Jan.–Dec. Money out of the Exchequer 91,043 8 10½ Victualling 41,825 3
1672, Jan.–Dec. Money and paper received of the Treasurer of the Navy 242,235 4 8 Victualling 284,542 8 8
Other paper orders 37,600 0 0 Allowances 91 2 0
Remains of provisions 2,534 18 1
£282,370 2 9 £284,633 10 8
1673, Jan.–Dec. (fn. 6)Receipts of money and paper from the Treasurer of the Navy 296,773 6 8 Victualling 203,517 11 1
£296,773 6 8

Prizes in Second Dutch War.

CHARGE. DISCHARGE.
£ s. d. £ s. d.
1671, Dec. 25, to 1673, Mar. 25. Receipts of Prizes 48,698 0 8 Salaries, incidents, allowances to officers and sailors, &c. 22,723 0 6
French prize, being French money 10,900 0 0 Paid into the Exchequer 32,800 0 0
£59,798 0 8 £55,523 0 6
1673, Mar. 25—1675, July 10. Receipts from prizes 148,147 3 10¾ Paid into the Exchequer 76,000 0 0
Salaries, incidents, charges and allowances to captains and sailors 68,110 1
£148,147 3 10¾ £144,110 1

Ordnance.

CHARGE. DISCHARGE.
£ s. d. £ s. d.
1670, Nov. 25, to 1672, Mar. 31. Imprests assigned from previous accomptant 58,774 4 Emptions and provisions of ordnance, extraordinary salaries, &c. 85,706 4
Money out of the Exchequer 53,192 1 Depending as imprests on other accomptants 123,995 6 6
Sale of decayed provisions and other receipts (mainly French moneys) 87,340 0 0
Receipts from Militia money 1,284 13 0
£282,500 2 10 £209,701 10 11¼
1672, May 31, to 1673, June 30. Money out of the Exchequer 149,289 7 4 Emptions of Ordnance. &c. 109,102 12
Wages, &c. 15,716 9 8
Depending as imprests on other accomptants 95,648 7 8
£149,289 7 4 £220,467 9

Army and Garrisons.

CHARGE. DISCHARGE.
£ s. d. £ s. d.
1669, Sept. 25, to 1670, Sept. 24. Money out of the Exchequer (for Army) 107,425 3 6 Army 104,950 18 4
Do. (for Garrisons) 70,144 17 4 Medicaments and allowances 5,871 18 6
Garrisons 81,698 1 7
£177,570 0 10 £192,520 18 5
1670, Sept. 24, to 1671, Sept. 23. Money out of the Exchequer (for Army and Garrisons) 188,464 11 11 Army 119,187 6 4
Garrisons 79,511 13 8
Medicaments and allowances 9,514 7 10
£188,464 11 11 £219,766 12 1
1671, Sept. 23, to 1672, Sept. 21. Money out of the Exchequer (for Army and Garrisons) 247,746 4 0 Army 118,260 19 2
Garrisons 85,972 13 11
Medicaments 6,691 2
Pay of fresh raised regiments and companies and of soldiers serving on the fleet. 43,576 5 10
Salaries, &c. 5,010 13 4
£247,746 4 0 £259,511 14
1672, Sept. 21, to 1673, Sept. 20. Money out of the Exchequer 425,139 19 6 Army 151,180 10 5
Garrisons 55,210 19 6
Fresh raised forces 117,356 10 6
Medicaments 7,423 15 3
Levy money 10,620 0 0
Pay of soldiers serving on the fleet 24,994 9 8
Extras, &c. 12,319 5 5
£425,139 19 6 £379,105 10 9

Tangier.

CHARGE. DISCHARGE.
£ s. d. £ s. d.
1671, Dec. 31, to 1674, Dec. 31. Remains and imprests depending 113,655 4 Allowance of interest 35,628 0
Money out of the Exchequer 169,931 11 9 Pay, victualling, &c., of the garrison and supers 133,666 12 11½
Other receipts 4,573 12 4 Imprests depending on other accomptants (representing mainly the cost of constructing the mole) 123,979 5 10
£288,160 8 £293,273 18 10

Cofferer of the Household.

CHARGE. DISCHARGE.
£ s. d. £ s. d.
1669, Oct. 1, to 1670, Sept. 30. Money out of the Exchequer 163,039 19 2 Expenses of the Household and stables 85,944 10
Sales 341 11 6 Duke of York 10,400 0 0
Other expenses 14,502 2 10
£163,381 10 8 £110,846 12 11½
1st Oct., 1670, to 30th Sept.,1671. Money out of the Exchequer 104,836 14 5 Expenses of the Household and stables 86,747 8
All other receipts 925 6 Duke of York 10,400 0 0
Other expenses (progresses, &c.) 51,518 4 11¼
£105,762 1 £148,665 13 4
1671, Sept. 30, to 1672, Sept. 30. Money out of the Exchequer 52,846 13 11 Expenses of the Household and stables 84,888 13 3
Other receipts 108 1 2 Duke of York 10,400 0 0
Other expenses 13,100 8 10
£52,954 15 1 £108,389 2 1
1672, Sept. 30. to 1673, Sept. 30. Money out of the Exchequer 58,987 15 7 Expenses of the Household and stables 91,025 7
Duke of York 10,400 0 0
Other expenses 38,191 17
£58,987 15 7 £139,657 4 8

Treasurer of the Chamber.

CHARGE. DISCHARGE.
£ s. d. £ s. d.
1669, Mich., to 1670, Mich. Money out of the Exchequer 12,637 4 Alms, footmen, falconers, huntsmen, grooms and messengers of the Chamber, Revels, &c., &c. 20,328 9
£12,637 4 £20,328 9
1670, Mich., to 1671, Mich. Money out of the Exchequer 13,761 7 Items as above 31,107 6
£13,761 7 £31,107 6
1671, Mich., to 1672, Mich Money out of the Exchequer 64,542 10 Items as above 53,627 6
Ditto. for interest 1,831 4 9 Unrealisable paper 10,200 4
Paper orders (assigned) 21,330 14 5 Unassigned paper 17,356 4 7
Ditto. (not assigned) 17,356 4 7 Paper assigned but unpaid at the Exchequer 6,499 14 9
£105,060 14 £105,029 9
1672, Mich. to 1673. Mich. Money out of the Exchequer 35,668 6 Items as above 36,763 13 11¼
£35,668 6 £36,763 13 11¼

Keeper of the Great Wardrobe.

CHARGE. DISCHARGE.
£ s. d. £ s. d.
(fn. 7) 1671, Mich., to 1672, Mich. Money out of the Exchequer 18,378 9 5 Liveries. wages, tradesmen and expenses of wardrobe 12,981 16
£18,378 9 5 £12,981 16
1672, Mich., to 1673, Mich. Money out of the Exchequer 15,000 0 0 Items as above 19,749 8
£15,000 0 0 £19,749 8

Master of the Robes.

CHARGE. DISCHARGE.
£ s. d. £ s. d.
1668, Mich., to 1669, Mich. Money out of the Exchequer 5,000 0 0 Robes for the King and apparel for servants by command, &c. 5,404 16 2
£5,000 0 0 £5,404 16 2
1669, Mich., to 1670, Mich. Money out of the Exchequer 5,000 0 0 Items as above 4,518 7 11
£5,000 0 0 £4,518 7 11
1670, Mich., to 1671, Mich. Money out of the Exchequer 4,500 0 0 Items as above 6,723 3 0
Money out of First Fruits 500 0 0
£5,000 0 0 £6,723 3 0
1671, Mich. to 1672, Mich. Money out of the Exchequer 5,000 0 0 Items as above 5,861 6 11
£5,000 0 0 £5,861 6 11
1672, Mich., to 1673, Mich. Money out of the Exchequer 5,000 0 0 Items as above 5,617 14
£5,000 0 0 £5,617 14

Works.

CHARGE. DISCHARGE.
£ s. d. £ s. d.
1669, June 1, to 1670, May 30. Provisions out of the stores 132 18 Works at the Tower 665 14
Whitehall 6,845 8
St. James's 284 18
Hampton Court 1,035 17
Nonsuch 507 3 7
Greenwich 113 7
Denmark House 35 13 3
St. James's Park wall 159 7 10½
Dover 24 4 0
Salaries, allowances, &c. 1,806 6 11
£132 18 £12,336 12
1670, June 1, to 1671, May 31. Money out of the Exchequer 12,846 15 3 Works at the Tower 295 10 11
Provisions out of the stores, &c. 562 17 Whitehall 6,349 3 10¼
Old Palace of Westminster 487 11
St. James s 336 4
Denmark House 527 9 10¾
Hampton Court 1,540 5 11¾
Audley End 36 6 2
Salaries, &c. 1,696 1 2
£13,409 12 10½ £11,454 18
1671, June 1, to 1672, Mar. 31. Money out of the Exchequer 17,790 2 Works at the Tower 87 2 1
Provisions out of the stores, &c. 481 16 11½ Whitehall 5,496 9 10
Westminster 1,608 5 6
St. James's 67 14
Denmark House 1,380 16
Hampton Court 2,861 11
Greenwich 285 0
Audley End 171 12
Cockpit 351 7 4
Salaries, &c 1,335 19 0
£18,271 19 £13,708 17
1672, April 1, to 1673, Mar. 31. Money out of the Exchequer 9,946 3 0 Works at the Tower 46 4 4
Provisions out of the stores 121 14 11 Whitehall 3,207 8
Westminster 490 13 10
St. James's 186 4
Denmark House 626 15
Hampton Court 216 16 5
Greenwich 185 9
Salaries, &c. 1,622 19 0
Extraordinaries—(Goring House, St. James's Park Wall, Gerard House, lions' house in the Tower) 1,403 15 7
£10,067 17 11 £7,992 7

Mint: Master and Worker.

CHARGE. DISCHARGE.
£ s. d. £ s. d.
1666, Dec. 20, to 1670, Dec. 20. Coinage Act money [out of the Exchequer] 27,300 0 0 Charges of Coining, &c. 20,010 7
Imprest to the Warden of the Mint 7,908 2
£27,300 0 0 £27,918 9 10¼
1670, Dec. 21, to 1672, Dec. 20. Receipts as above 24,200 0 0 Charges of Coining, &c. 15,435 10
Imprest to the Warden of the Mint 7,908 2
£24,200 0 0 £23,343 12 8
1672, Dec. 20, to 1674, Dec. 20. Receipts as above 24,300 0 0 Charges of Coining, &c. 13,294 5 11¼
Imprest to the Warden of the Mint 3,976 7 7
£24,300 0 0 £17,270 13

Law Duties.

CHARGE. DISCHARGE.
£ s. d. £ s. d.
1671, May 1, to 1672, May 1. Receipts of said duties 23,909 15 2 Paid into the Exchequer 21,473 8 11½
Salaries and allowances 2,123 11 3
£23,909 15 2 £23,597 0
1672, April 24, to 1673, Oct. 23 (when said duties were let to farm). Receipts. 10,777 11 6 Paid into the Exchequer 8,100 0 0
Salaries and allowances 1,227 7 8
£10,777 11 6 £9,327 7 8
1672, Oct. 22, to 1675, Oct. 21. Three years' farm rent at 21,000l. per an. 63,000 0 0 Paid on warrants 770 0 0
Receipts of alehouses' recognizances 3,791 7 6 Paid into the Exchequer 52,303 6 8
Interest on advance 4,501 5 4
Charges of collecting 5,916 15 5
Farmers' reward and house rent 3,300 0 0
£66,791 7 6 £66,791 7 6

Wine Licences.

CHARGE. DISCHARGE.
£ s. d. £ s. d.
1670, June 24, to 1671, Mar. 25. Rent of wine licences 9,244 12 2 Paid into the Exchequer 8,008 16 8
Compositions for offences 55 13 6 Salaries, &c. 1,211 13 3
£9,300 5 8 £9,220 9 11
1671, Mar. 25, to 1672, Mar. 25. Rent of wine licences 12,387 10 0 Paid into the Exchequer 9,900 2 6
Other receipts 452 13 0 Salaries, &c. 1,937 3 7
£12,839 3 0 £11,837 6 1
1672, Mar. 25, to 1673, Mar. 25. Rent of wine licences 12,461 10 9 Paid into the Exchequer 10,074 12 4
Other receipts 700 14 5 Salaries, &c. 2,442 19 11
£13,162 5 2 £12,517 11 4

Footnotes

  • 1. This item includes 144,081l. 15s. 10d. as the value of fee farms assigned to Lord St. John and his partners in repayment of their advance on the farm of the Customs.
  • 2. These totals as given in the declaration do not agree with the above details.
  • 3. In each year the Excise Commissioners received some of the arrears of preceding years. This explains the discrepancy between the charge and the discharge side of their accounts. They do not state these arrear receipts as so much direct receipt. It can only be deduced from the head of Remains and would be too complicated to set out in the above brief statements.
  • 4. This account is apparently incomplete and unreliable.
  • 5. This account is imperfect and unreliable and there is no account for the succeeding year, 1671.
  • 6. This account is imperfect and unreliable.
  • 7. The Earl of Sandwich's accounts from 1667 to 1671 for the Wardrobe were never declared in consequence of his death.