BHO

Introduction, Part 2

Pages liv-xcv

Calendar of Treasury Books, Volume 8, 1685-1689. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1923.

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Citation:

Table of contents

Introduction, Part 2

COINAGE DUTY.

Discharge.

l. s. d.
Arrears 2,381 13
Receipts (London) 14,216 4 6
Ditto (outports) 4,841 15 10¾
Overpayments by collectors 338 0 11
21,777 14 9

Discharge.

l. s. d.
Charged in Cash Account (as below) 20,272 6
Allowance to officers for collecting 332 17 8
Defalcations and overpayments 82 0 3
20,687 4

COINAGE DUTY-CASH ACCOUNT.

Charge.

l. s. d.
Arrears 90 16 1
Receipts (London) 13,812 11 11
Ditto (outports) 6,459 14
20,363 2

Discharge.

l. s. d.
Repayments on re-exports 153 11 11½
Repayments on damaged goods 9 0 10½
Officers' allowance 675 14 10
Ready money paid into the Exchequer 19,350 0 0
20,187 7 8

From 1687, Sept. 29, to 1688, Sept. 29.

GENERAL ACCOUNT.

Charge.

l. s. d.
Arrears 66,674 17 5
Receipts (London, exports) 41,529 2
Ditto (London, grand receipt) 173,196 19 10½
Ditto (London, Plantation goods) 142,093 9 9
Ditto (London, wine & vinegar) 151,016 2 8
Ditto (outports) 274,151 7
Ditto (remitted from Ireland by J. Price) 3,500 0 0
Ditto (Plantations) 2,732 6 4
Collectors' overpayments 9,403 10
864,297 17 3

Discharge.

l. s. d.
Charged in Cash Account (below) 654,720 9
Collectors' overpayments 3,198 14
Outport (salaries) 20,331 6
Ditto (incidents) 15,366 3 10¼
Repayments of half subsidy etc 86,416 0
Allowance for damaged goods etc 5,470 13 7
Portage 1,095 12
786,599 0 10

CASH ACCOUNT

Charge.

l. s. d.
Remains 22,210 0 11
Receipts (London, grand receipt) 176,428 9 9
Ditto, (London, wine and vinegar) 146,962 3 9
Ditto (London, Plantation goods) 122,487 6 6
Ditto (London, exports). 41,529 2 94
Ditto (London, bonds) 22,133 5 7
Ditto (outports) 145,941 5
Ditto (Plantations) 669 14
Ditto (remitted from Ireland by J. Price, Receiver General) 3,500 0 0
681,861 9

Discharge.

l. s. d.
Surplus 423 16 7
Salaries (London) 15,026 8 5
Ditto (patent officers, London) 7,160 13 4
Ditto (patent officers, outports) 2,690 18 2
Pensions 8,008 5 0
Rent 2,845 7 1
Exchequer fees 1,171 1 0
Incidents 21,690 4 84
Allowance for damage, portage, debenture 84,748 0
Ready money paid into the Exchequer 510,769 13 0
654,534 7 10

COINAGE DUTY.

Charge.

l. s. d.
Arrears 1,090 10
Receipts (London) 14,605 16
Ditto (outports) 4,370 8
Overpayments 216 7 6
20,277 2 7

Discharge.

l. s. d.
Charged in Cash Account (below) 17,746 0 5
Paid to officers for collecting (in the out-ports) 329 12 5
Repayments for damaged goods 17 5 9
Overpayments 338 0 11
18,413 13 9

COINAGE DUTY: CASH ACCOUNT.

Charge.

l. s. d.
Remains 174 14
Receipts (London) 14,964 14 4
Ditto (outports) 2,781 6 1
17,920 14 11½

Discharge.

l. s. d.
Repayments for re-exports 183 16
Repayments for damaged goods 33 7
Allowances to officers [London port] 591 10 8
Ready money paid into the Exchequer 17,112 10 0
17,921 4 6

From 1688, Sept. 29, to 1689, Mar. 25.

GENERAL ACCOUNT

(Not extant).

CASH ACCOUNT.

Charge.

l. s. d.
Remains 186 1
Bonds 27,141 0 6
Receipts (London, grand receipt) 57,916 14 11
Ditto (London, wine and vinegar) 53,814 15 0
Ditto (London, Plantagoods) 15,821 14 3

Discharge.

l. s. d.
Salaries (London) 9,349 1 1
Ditto (patent officers, London) 3,358 16 8
Ditto (patent officers, outports) 982 3 3
Pensions 3,408 0 0
Rent etc 1,677 6 6
Incidents (London port) 8,887 19 8
Ditto (Plantation bonds) 2,148 17 10
Ditto (London, exports) 15,226 3 0
Ditto (outports) 26,182 8
198,437 15
Allowances for damage etc 1,994 0 41/2
Ditto for portage 876 0 6
Ditto for half subsidy 28,099 9 10
Ditto for silk debentures 5,197 0 10
Ready money paid into the Exchequer 113,726 0
Interest on loan money 522 14 0
Bonds delivered to Successor Cashier 19,387 10 2
Ready money paid into the Exchequer to balance this account. 971 12
198,437 15

NEW DUTIES ON WINE AND VINEGAR.

Charge.

l. s. d.
Remains nil.
Bonds (supers) 36.920 15 10
Receipts (London) 46,749 2
Ditto (outports) 5,247 11 11¼
88,917 10

Discharge.

l. s. d.
Surplus 0 0
Repayments for damaged goods 635 0 7
Ready money paid into the Receipt 83,537 14
84,172 15

NEW DUTIES ON TOBACCO AND SUGARS.

(No account extant.)

NEW DUTIES ON SILKS, LINENS ETC.

Charge.

l. s. d.
Remains nil.
Receipts (London) 13,531 7 8
Ditto (outports) 6,447 2
19,978 9 11¾

Discharge.

l. s. d.
Surplus 0 0
Ready money paid into the Exchequer 19,978 10 0
19,978 10

COINAGE DUTY: GENERAL ACCOUNT.

Charge.

l. s. d.
Arrears nil.
Receipts (London) 5,969 0 11½
Ditto (outports) 2,146 0 1
8,115 1

Discharge.

l. s. d.
Surplusage 0 9
Repayments for goods re-exported 64 10 11½
Repayments for goods damaged 2 3 9
Payments to outports officers for collecting. 270 10 0
Ready money paid into the Receipt 7,700 0 0
8,037 14

COINAGE DUTY: CASH ACCOUNT.

(No account extant.)

(2) Excise Accounts.

1684. June 24, to 1685, June 24.

GENERAL ACCOUNT.

Charge

l. s. d.
Arrears 75,233 8 3
Receipts (counties) 425,016 19
Ditto (Wales and four Northern Counties) 50,833 17
Ditto (London) 182,617 14
751,248 10

Discharge.

l. s. d.
Salaries [country] 51,718 17 7
Ditto (country) 9,496 12
Ditto (Wales) 1,861 5 8
Ditto (London) 23,186 14 4
Paid for exported beer 890 5 5
Overcharged 13 1
Royal bounty 5 10 11
Coffee officers 229 14 0
Ready money received and accounted for separately [in Cash Account as below] 594,915 4 7
682,317 7

CASH ACCOUNT.

SeeIntroduction to Treasury Calendar, Vol. VII, p. xlviii.

From 1685, June 24 to 1686, June 24.

GENERAL ACCOUNT.

Charge.

l. s. d.
Remains and supers depending 68,831 3
Whole produce of Excise 673,516 14 11¼
742,347 18

Discharge.

l. s. d.
Salaries (country) 52,895 1 8
Ditto (Wales and four Northern Counties) 10,143 18 4
Ditto (London) 21,813 1 10½
Ditto (imported liquors) 1,005 1 3
Overcharged 13 18 10¼
Defalcation for exported beer 607 9 8
Royal bounty 205 14
Ready money accounted for separately [in Cash Account as below] 614,006 15
700,691 1 0

Charge.

l. s. d.
Remains 12,001 5
Arrears 65,573 19
Receipts (to account of previous years) 108,152 3 10¼
Current receipts (London, beer and ale) 129,946 15 1
Ditto (London, imported liquors) 23,445 4 11
Ditto (London, coffee & strong waters) 3,100 0 0
Ditto (Wales and four Northern Counties, beer and ale) 31,202 0 7
Ditto (ditto, imported liquors) 323 1
Ditto (rest of England, beer and ale) 311,311 18 11¾
Ditto (ditto, imported liquors) 5,022 9
674,408 17

Discharge.

l. s. d.
Salaries 18,946 0 0
Rent 250 0 0
Repairs and incidents 2,375 6 0
Queen Dowager 12,209 15 2
Prince and Princess of Denmark 27,000 0 0
Patentee, perpetual interest 1,152 6
Bankers' perpetual inter est 3,199 19 0
Ditto assignees' per petual interest 12,647 14
Tallies of assignation 13,441 0 0
Loan money repaid 41,500 0 0
Interest 825 15
Payments by special warrant 955 0 0
Ready money paid into the Exchequer 479,321 14
613,829 11 11½

From 1686, June 24, to 1687, June 24.

Charge.

l s. d.
Arrears 41,756 17
Receipts (counties) 467,787 0 6
Ditto (Wales and the four Northern Counties) 56,081 2
Ditto (London) 182,769 17
Ditto (imported liquors). 11,674 17 10
760,069 15 11½

Discharge.

Salaries (counties and Wales) 63,681 15
Ditto (London) 22,425 4 5
Ditto (imported liquors). 1,271 15
Overcharged 5 4
Allowance 141 0 0
Ready money accounted for separately [in Cash Account as below] 647,220 10
734,745 10

CASH ACCOUNT.

Charge.

l s. d.
Arrears 60,579 6 7
Receipts (to accounts of previous years) 106,746 16
Ditto (London, beer and ale) 130,027 6
Ditto (London, imported liquors) 30,429 9 9
Ditto (London, coffee and strong waters) 3,150 0 0
Ditto (Wales and four Northern Counties, beer and ale) 34,893 9 10
Ditto (ditto, imported liquors) 1,081 17
Ditto (rest of the country, beer and ale) 336,761 18
Ditto (ditto imported, liquors 6,065 9
Disallowed in previous account 805 5 0
709,541 17 11½

Discharge.

l s. d.
Salaries (London) 19,404 13 0
Rent 100 0 0
Repairs and incidents 1,089 10 0
Queen Dowager 12,209 15 2
Prince and Princess of Denmark 32,500 0 0
Patentees' perpetual in terest 529 8 1
Goldsmiths' or bankers' perpetual interest 4,678 15 2
Bankers' assignees' perpetual interest 8,491 16 9
Repayments of loan money 31,000 0 0
Interest 535 4
Yarmouth fishery 160 0 0
Ready money paid into the Exchequer 536,521 7 10
647,220 10

From 1687, June 24, to 1688, June 24.

GENERAL ACCOUNT

Charge.

l s. d.
Arrears 25.324 5
Receipts (counties and Wales) 526,563 6 10¾
Ditto (London) 195,289 14
Ditto (imported liquors) 10,610 16
Allowed for salaries of head office in last four years 89,250 7 1
Overallowed for brewers and victuallers in Lon don 48 5
847,086 15

Discharge.

l s. d.
Salaries (England and Wales) 64,490 8
Ditto (imported liquors). 205 17 11
Incidents 1,214 7 0
Allowances to brewers 303 15
Ready money Accounted for separately [in the Cash Account as below] 646,830 19
713,045 7 9

CASH ACCOUNT.

Charge.

l S. d.
Remains 7,943 8
Arrears 53,572 14 3
Receipts (proper to previous years' accounts) 108,938 19 7
Ditto (London, beer and ale) 131,891 11
Ditto (London, imported liquors) 38,047 7 1
Ditto (London, coffee & strong waters) 3,400 0 0
Ditto (Wales and the four Northern Counties, beer and ale) 34,393 10
Ditto (ditto, imported liquors) 648 3 11½
Ditto (rest of England, beer and ale) 329,590 7
Ditto (ditto, imported liquors) 5,620 3
Arrears depending 805 5 0
715,365 3

Discharge.

l. s. d.
Salaries 23,536 4 9
Rent 300 0 0
Repairs and incidents 3,415 14 8
Queen Dowager 12,209 15 2
Prince and Princess of Denmark 48,000 0 0
Patentees' perpetual interest 664 19 5
Goldsmiths' or bankers' perpetual interest 1,415 8
Bankers' assignees' perpetual interest 11,668 2 3
Yarmouth fishery 160 0
Loan money repaid 21,000 0 0
Ready money paid into the Exchequer 524,460 14 11½
646,830 19

From 1688, June 24, to 1689, June 24.

GENERAL ACCOUNT.

Charge.

l. s. d.
Remains 134,041 7
Receipts (the Counties and Wales) 540,741 4 10
Ditto (London) 216,607 5 11¾
Ditto (imported liquors) 12,906 16
980,296 15

Discharge.

l. s. d.
Salaries (England and Wales) 66,287 0 8
Ditto (imported liquors) 280 11 1
Allowance for damage 1 9 4
Allowance to distillers 31 10
Separately accounted for in the Cash Account [as below] 669,107 14
737,043 0 3

CASH ACCOUNT.

Charge.

l. s. d.
Remains, supers and arrears 54,377 19 3
Receipts (proper to the account of preceding year 117,011 7
Ditto (London, beer and ale) 133,827 18 10¾
Ditto (London, imported liquors) 53,948 15 8
Ditto (London, coffee and strong waters) 2,850 0 0
Ditto (Wales and the four Northern Counties, beer and ale) 33,842 2
Ditto (ditto, imported liquors) 336 2 5
Ditto (rest of England, beer and ale) 323,614 18 0
Ditto (ditto, imported liquors) 5,350 14 2
739,316 1

Discharge.

l. s. d.
Salaries 20,127 16 5
Rent 100 0 0
Repairs and incidents 1,382 1 4
Commissioners' incidents 1,881 16 0
Queen Dowager 12,209 15 2
Prince and Princess of Denmark 30,000 0 0
Loan money repaid 80,000 0 0
Interest 605 9 5
Yarmouth fishery 160 0 0
Perpetual interest (bankers) 160 4 7
Perpetual interest to bankers' assignees 287 4 4
Ready money paid into the Exchequer 521,943 7
668,857 14

(3) Wine Licences Accounst. (fn. 1)

From 1685, Mar. 25, to to 1686, Mar. 25.

Charge.

l. s. d.
Remains nil.
Supers depending 13,897 7 9
Surcharge 150 0 0
Receipts 12,779 17 5
26,827 5 2

Discharge.

l. s. d.
Surplus 782 7
Salaries 2,150 0 0
Interest 653 4 10¼
Reward 208 14 9
Principal repaid 4,000 0 0
Ready money paid into the Exchequer 5,650 0 0
13,444 6 10½

From 1686, Mar. 25, to 1687, Mar. 25.

Charge.

l. s. d.
Remains nil.
Supers depending 14,009 5 1
Receipts (this year) 12,539 19 6
Ditto (proper to account of preceding year) 353 12 6
26,902 17 1

Discharge.

l. s. d.
Surplus 626 6
Salaries etc. 2,150 0 0
Interest, reward and principal repaid 4,363 15 4
Ready money paid into the Exchequer 5,650 0 0
12,790 2

From 1687, Mar. 25, to 1688, Mar. 25.

Charge.

l. s. d.
Remains nil.
Supers depending 14,968 19 8
Receipts (this year) 12,442 14 11
Ditto (proper to account of preceding year) 110 10 0
27,522 4 7

Discharge.

l. s. d.
Surplus 856 4
Salaries 2,150 0 0
Interest, reward and principal repaid 5,513 15
Ready money paid into the Receipt 4,312 18 0
Money allowed in repayment of advance money formerly omitted 2,320 2
14,476 14 4

From 1688, Mar. 25, to 1689, Mar. 25.

Charge.

l. s. d.
Remains nil.
Supers depending 15,748 5 2
Receipts (this year) 11,659 5 5
Ditto (arrears) 74 15 0
27,482 5 7

Discharge.

l. s. d.
Surplus 2,101 5
Salaries 2,150 0 0
Interest, reward and principal repaid 5,348 15
Ready money paid into the Exchequer 2,992 16 2
12,592 16

(4) Navy Accounts.

From 1685, Dec. 31, to 1687, Mar. 25.

(Visct. Falkland, Treasurer.)

Chabge.

l. s. d.
Remains 143,611 9
Supers depending 281,293 15 7
Money out of the Exchequer 521,128 0 2
Sale of old goods and provisions 904 19 8
Imprests made by former Treasurers and cleared by this Accomptant 5,356 15
Abatements on several persons' accompts detailed 1,368 2
Ditto on several persons' bills and wages 1,155 5 7
Stores sold 397 6 5
Overpaid to several persons 91 0 11
955,220 12

Discharge.

l. s. d.
Emptions & provisions 171,999 10
Salaries (Admiralty and Navy Office) 15,261 14 1
Travelling charges 635 2 6
Pilotage 709 12 0
Freight and transport of hired ships 3,470 12
Rewards, royal bounty etc 2,960 12 8
Interest on tradesmen's bills of store 426 5 5
Rent 1,261 16 10
Disbursements 14,103 3
Pensions 3,311 15 4
Half pay 666 4 6
Free gift (Barber Surgeons' Company for men on the Oxford) 48 10 0
Landcarriage 60 7 6
Bills of extraordinaries 318 16
Repairs and workmanship in the Yards 13,021 18
Volunteers' diet 8,381 13
Payments by assignments from the Commissioners appointed to examine and pass the old accompt:
(1) Wages, commanders 6,787 15 1
(2) Ditto, ships 79,823 19 1
(3) Scraping & tarring ships 401 6 0
Payments by assignments from the Navy Commissioners on the current services:
(1) Wages to ships 18,877 18 5
(2) Wages, dockyards 113,197 16 5
(Total, 455,721l. 9s. 8d.)
Ordinary allowances 29 3 4
Accomptant's salary 5,033 2 4
On the Victualling
Account:
Emptions and provisions 22,269 17 0
Freight 696 9 6
Disbursements by the Victualling Agents at the outports, for sea provisions 15,837 5
Ditto for bakehouse work etc. 1,631 13 0
Rent 259 0 0
Salaries (Victualling Commissioners and Office) 3,242 10 0
Repairs and incidents 1,124 15
(Total Victualling Account, 45,060l. 14s. 4d.)
505,844 9
Remains 449,376 2
Whereof supers 277,037 1 11½
Remains 172,339 0

From 1686, Dec. 31, to 1687, Dec. 31.

Charge.

l. s. d.
Arrears (remains) 172,339 0
Ditto (supers) 277,037 1 11½
Receipts (money out of the Exchequer) 428,188 5
lmprest bills cleared within the time of this accompt 4,282 10 9
Old goods and provisions sold 870 11 0
Rent of Lordship Fields at Chatham 37 10 0
Sale of provisions 413 19 11
883,168 19 10

Discharge.

l. s. d.
Emptions & provisions 133,399 8
Salaries (Admiralty and Navy Office) 18,743 14 6
Interest on tradesmen's bills of store 227 4 0
Travelling charges 751 15 7
Pilotage 437 2 9
Volunteers' diets 944 10 6
Transport 1,599 12 9
Stores for Tangier and Gibraltar in 1680 18,928 7 11
Rigging wages 113 16 5
Rewards and bounty 1,244 2 9
Half pay 586 6 9
Pensions 2,651 11 2
Rent 8,743 14 0
Wages (by assignments from the Commissioners for the old accompt) 22,059 1 5
Ditto (by assignments from the Navy Commissioners for the current year) 32,605 7 7
Dockyard wages 90,530 5 1
(Total, 333,561l. 1s. 7½d.)
Accomptant's salary 4,029 10 0
Ordinary allowances 23 6 8
The accompt of the Victualling:
Emptions and provisions 28,554 7
Freight 884 1 9
Disbursed by the Victualling Agents in the outports for provisions 8,125 3 6
Bakehouse, brewhouse etc. 2,107 18 5
Rent 208 0 0
Salaries (Victualling Commissioners and Office) 3,220 0 0
Repairs and incidents 2,880 6 0
(Total of theVictualling 45,979l. 10s. 8¾d.)
383,593 15
Remains 499,575 4
Whereof supers 274,065 17
Remains 225,509 7

From 1688, Mar. 25, to 1G89, April 4.

Charge.

l. s. d.
Arrears: Remains 225,509 7
Ditto, supers depending 274,065 17
Money received out of the Exchequer 470,033 9 6
Ditto received towards the thirty ships' account 1,014 7
Money received in imprest bills paid by former Treasurers and cleared within the time of this accompt 4,926 12 2
Old goods and provisions sold 13,003 18
Rent of the Lordship Fields at Chatham 7 10 0
On accompt of the Victualling:
Money received by this Accomptant's Agent Mr. Sturt for the service of the Victualling 1,310 7 5
Overpayments 12 4 8

Discharge.

l. s. d.
Emptions and provisions 99,111 10 10
Salaries (Admiralty and Navy Office) 11,680 10 10
Pensions to several officers of ships and others 3,637 4 1
Rewards for extraordinary services 637 3 6
Disbursements of various natures 10,291 13
Travelling charges 768 3 6
Volunteers1 diet charges 317 16 0
Pilotage 2,528 13 6
Free gifts and medicines 477 6 5
Rebuilding and [contract] price of ships and lighters 10,894 1 10
Hire and freight for transport 3,973 2 7
House rent 1,357 2 3
Wages and entertainment of officers and seamen 94,507 6 1
Wages etc. in the dockyards and ropeyards 47,614 7 6
Short allowance money 3,584 9 1
Bounty to widows and orphans of seamen slain in the service 55 0 0
Imprests cleared by succeeding Treasurers 46,205 4 0
(Total, 343,600l. 11s. 6¾d.)
Payments pursuant to assignments by the Commissioners for the old account, viz. between 1687–8, Jan. 1, and 1689, Mar. 31.
Emptions and provisions 8,020 4 9
Interest to tradesmen 478 8 11
Salaries (Admiralty & Navy Office) 2,362 15 7
Pensions to officers of ships and others 2,265 10 3
Rewards 557 12 5
Disbursements of various natures 7,519 8 4
Half pay 1,653 5 0
Hire and freight 167 0 0
Wages in rigging time 133 17 10
Travelling charges 684 18 6
Volunteers' victuals 3,245 0
Pilotage 25 7 0
Necessary money 130 18 6
Wages of officers and men 20,517 10 0
Dockyard and ropeyard wages 6,858 4 8
Payments on lists of arrears to yards 1,725 18 10
Imprests cleared by succeeding Treasurers 24,390 13
Imprests cleared by a, certificate from the Navy Board 12,796 1
(Total, 93,532l. 16s. 2½d.)
Payments on the account for the thirty ships:
Emptions and provisions 13,796 0
Interest 540 4 7
Carriage 64 19 9
Salary (storekeeper at Harwich Yard) 90 2 0
Gratuities 100 0 0
Disbursements 74 19 3
Freight and transport 33 12 3
Travelling charges 33 13 10
Wages in the Yards and ropeyards 17,872 7 10
(Total, 32,605l. 19s. 10½d.)
Payments on the account for the war with the French King:
Emptions and provisions 132 5 7
Interest to tradesmen 3,373 10 6
Disbursements 262 11 6
Transport 1,815 9 8
Travelling charges 60 18 6
Victualling charges (pursers') 58 0 0
(Total, 5,702l. 15s. 9d.)
Victualling accompt:
Emptions and provisions 80,798 10
Hire and freight 2,171 10 1
Balances of (various Captains') victualling account 702 19
Money disbursed by the agents in the outports and others for sea provisions 28,900 7
Sundry repairs and incidents 2,063 14 10¾
Rent 513 0 0
Salaries (Victualling Commissioners and Office) 4,345 0 0
Coopers' and labourers' work 4,392 10
(Total, 123,887l. 12s. 9¼d.)
Accomptant's salary 3,989 2
Ordinary allowances 30 0 0
Imprests vacated and cleared by succeeding Treasurers 208,059 19 10
Sundry allowances for services and payments 9,815 6
Imprest bills paid by this Accomptant for the Victualling and charged on the Earl of Orford
989,883 14
the succeeding Treasurer of the Navy 7,864 2
Money paid over by this Accomptant to the Earl of Orford, his successor 1,600 0 0
822,824 4 11¾
Remains 167,059 9
Whereof supers dependent 139,447 19
Leaving; this Accomptant finally indebted 27,611 10 5

(5) Army Accounts.

From 1 Jan., 1684-5, to 31 Dec, 1685

(Charles Fox, Paymaster-General).

Charge.

l. s. d.
Remains nil.
Money out of the Exchequer 498,021 5 1
Deduction of I2d. per £ out of Army pay 7,972 17
Deduction for bread delivered to the Forces on Hounslow Heath 486 5 8
Money remitted out of Ireland 17,500 0 0

Discharge.

l. s. d.
Surplus 10,518 0
General officers 2,894 0 11
King's Own Troop of [Horse] Guards under the Duke of Albemarle 21,397 12 8
Second Troop of the King's Horse Guards (under successively Sir Philip Howard and the Duke of Northumberland, consisting of officers, 200 gentlemen Troopers and 1 Troop of Grenadiers) 20,669 2 8
Third Troop of the King's Horse Guards (under successively the Earl of Feversham and John Lord Churchill; composed ut supra) 20,639 2 8
Royal Regiment of Horse Guards (Earl of Oxford) 26,447 12 8
First Regiment of Foot Guards (Duke of Grafton) 35,067 4 0
Coldstream Regiment of Foot Guards (Earl of Craven) 18,009 17 8
Scotch Regiment [of Foot] 24,454 14 8
Queen Dowager's Regiment of Foot Guards (under Col. Piercy Kirke) 11,826 8 0
Prince of Denmark's Regiment [formerly Duke of York's] under Sir Charles Littleton 14,136 2 6
Holland Regiment, with one Company of Grenadiers 13,003 10 6
Queen Consort's [formerly the Duchess of York's] Regiment of Foot Guards 11,739 17 4
King's Regiment of Dragoons (under successively Lord Churchill and Visct, Cornbury) 14,408 6 8
Col. Strother's Troop of Dragoons 725 9 2
(Total for the Guards and Land Forces, 235,419l. 2s. 1d.)
Garrisons:
Berwick 1,197 12 8
Carlisle 1,116 5 4
Chepstow 278 0 0
Chester (officers, 50 soldiers and 3 gunners; establishment dated 1685, July 1). 581 2 0
Calshot Castle 154 14 0
Cinque Ports 1,254 16 0
Dartmouth (1 master gunner & 1 gunner) 54 12 0
Guernsey 1,870 9 4
Gravesend and Tilbury 1,798 15 4
Hull 2,339 2 4
Holy Island 109 4 0
Hurst Castle 154 13 6
Jersey 1,243 13 4
Sir John Lanier's allowance 300 0 0
St. Mawes 54 12 0
Pendennis 838 16 5
Plymouth 2,325 16 0
Portsmouth 5,957 15 1
Scilly 1,240 12 4
Scarborough 91 0 0
Teignmouth and Clifford's Fort 1,613 18 8
Tower of London 1,782 11 2
Upnor, Gillingham and Calshot Wood 882 14 0
Windsor 963 10 0
Isle of Wight 2,306 9 0
York and Clifford's Tower (the Governor, a Company of Foot and a storekeeper) 1,572 7 9
Yarmouth 109 4 0
Gunners in St. James's Park 136 10 0
Lord Colepeper's pension 598 7 6
(Total for the garrisons, 32,927l. 19s. 9d.)
Army raised in 1685:
General officers 4,597 18 0
Recruits (10 men per Troop) added to the Earl of Oxford's 5 Troops of the Royal Regiment of Horse). 387 10 8
Ditto to the Duke of Grafton's 1st Regiment of Foot Guards 5,702 12 0
Ditto to the Coldstream Regiment 2,813 9 4
Ditto to Major Robert Douglas's RoyalRegiment of Foot (disbanded) 1,112 10 0
Ditto to Col. C. Trelawney's Queen [Consort's] Regiment of Foot 666 1 8
Ditto to Col. P. Kirke's Queen Dowager's Regiment of Foot 518 5 4
Ditto to Sir C Littleton's Prince George of Denmark's Regiment of Foot 713 2 8
Ditto to the Earl of Mulgrave's Holland Regiment of Foot. 758 15 10
Ditto to Lord Churchill's Royal Regiment of Dragoons 118 19 0
Ditto to Col. W. Strother's Troop of Dragoons 317 18 10
I Ditto to Independent Companies under the Earl of PlyI mouth, Sir ChrisI topher Musgrave, I Col. Sackville Tufton, Sir J. Reresby, Capt. Thos. Cheeke, Capt. Peter Shakerley, George Lord j Dartmouth, Earl of Bath, Earl of Gainsborough, Capt. Rich. Carter, Capt. Cornwallis 614 19 2
Ditto to ditto under Capt. Hy. Villiers, Capt. Charles Potts, Capt. Francis Godolphin, Sir Robt. Holmes 230 6 10
Ditto to ditto under Capt. Robert Myners 205 12 0
Sir J. Reresby for the officers of the Independent Company of Grenadiers under him 32 0 6
Christopher Lord Hatton, for recruits of an Independent Company of Foot under him" to Sept. 1 53 18 8
(Total pay for recruits, 14.062l. 1s. 10d.)
New raised Regiments and Troops of Horse:
Queen's Regiment of Horse under Sir J. Lanier (9 Troops) 14,414 0 10
Earl of Peterborough's Regiment of Horse. 8,243 11 10
Earl of Plymouth's ditto 9,218 1 10
Henry Lord Dover's ditto 9,352 0 6
Earl of Thanet's (afterwards Col. Robert Werden's) ditto 9,112 19 7
James Earl of Arran's ditto 8,767 1 0
Charles, Earl of Shrewsbury's ditto 9,101 16 8
Robert, Earl of Scarsdale's ditto 9,144 6 4
Visct. Lumley's ditto 9,336 5 8
Troop of Horse under Capt. David Lloyd 1,734 0 8
Ditto under Marquess of Worcester (to Oct. 31) 1,052 14 2
(Total for new raised Regiments etc. of Horse.89,476l. 19s. 2d.)
New raised Regiments of Dragoons:
Five Troops of Dragoons added to the Royal Regiment of Dragoons late under Lord Churchill (to Sept. 1) 2,199 10 6
Two Troops of Dragoons to same Regiment under Visct. Combury from Sept, 1 under Wm. Cul liford and Wm. Strother 1,452 0 0
Two Troops of the Queen Consort's Regiment of DraI goons under the Duke of Somerset 5,211 14 10
Princess Ann of Denmark's Regiment of Dragoons under Col. John Berkeley (six Troops complete) 6,099 10 4
Two Troops unmounted and four Troops mounted of the Regiment of Dragoons under Col. Rich. Hamilton (to Oct. 31) 3,981 7 2
(Total for the Dragoons, 18,944l. 2s. 10d.)
Royal Regiment of Fusil leers under George,
Lord Dartmouth (to Dec. 25) 7,675 0 1
New Raised Regiments and Companies of Foot:
Princess Ann of Denmark's Regiment of Foot under Robt., Lord Ferrers 5,931 6 2
Regiment of Foot under Col. Henry Cornwall 5,852 18 4
Ditto under Earl of Bath 5,431 12 10
Ditto under Duke of Beaufort and Marq. of Worcester successively 5,452 19 6
Ditto under Earl of Huntingdon 5,389 17 2
Ditto under Duke of Norfolk 5,525 19 10
Ditto under Sir Ed. Hales 5,653 5 6
Ditto under Sir William Clifton 5,547 17 6
Major-General Hugh Mackay, Commander in Chief of three Scotch Regiments of Foot that lately came from Holland (pay from June 5 to Aug. 3) 5,582 2 8
Sir Hy. Belasyse, Commander in Chief of three English Regiments of Foot that lately came from Holland (pay from June 30 to July 31) 2,938 8 0
Company of Foot under Richard, Lord Arundell of Trerice 448 6 0
Ditto under Sir Tho. Huggerston 468 1 0
(Total pay of new raised Foot, 54,222l. 14s. 6d.)
Horse, Foot and Dragoons raised and disbanded within the time of this account:
Eleven Troops of Horse and one Troop of Dragoons 3,338 18 0
Two Troops under Capt. Baldwin Leighton & Capt. John O'Neile. 326 5 0
"Several" Independent Companies of Foot 1,629 7 10
(Total, 5,394l. l0s. 0d.)
(Total pay of established Forces and of
521,380 8
Forces raised this year, 194,383l. 7s. 3d.)
Contingencies.
Pensions and allowances 2,345 1
Pay of several officers and others 2,401 19 11½
Special services and royal bounty 1,478 13 0
Fire and candle 1,067 0 4
Medicaments 306 7 10
Sundries 3,574 7 4
Standards and colours 578 0 0
Trumpets' liveries 1,058 12 5
Smart money 235 5 0
Annual allowances 1,450 16 8
Reformed and disabled soldiers 3,108 12 9
Loss of horses and accoutrement 2,455 2 6
Payments ordered by Charles II and hire allowed 29,445 8 4
Advanced by Accomptant to the Duke of Norfolk for levy money of the Earl of Thanet's Regiment 334 14 7
Reformed officers and others under the warrant of 1686–7, Jan. 1 1,386 1 4
Sundries 905 16 0
Stationery 316 13 5
Money lost in the hands of Thos. Price [by his failure], being for quarters in the Western Counties 4,203 17 0
(Total of Contingencies, 54,307l. 8s. 5½d.)
Deduction of a day's pay per an. for the years 1684 and 1685 for Chelsea Hospital (777l. 6s. 10d. and 1,575l. 12s. 3d.) 2,352 19 1
Accomptant's salary 364 0 0
532,615 18 3

From 1685–6, Jan. 1, 1686, June 30

(Earl of Ranelagh. Paymaster General).

Charge.

l. s. d.
Arrears nil
Money out of the Exchequer 242,400 13 4
Money remitted out of Ireland 15,000 0 0

Discharge.

l. s. d.
Principal officers 7,479 3
First Troop of Guards and Grenadiers (Earl of Feversham) 10,739 6 8
Second ditto 10,458 15 6
Deduction of 12d. per £. 5,155 4 8
Third ditto 10,458 15 8
Royal Regiment of Horse Guards (Earl of Oxford nine Troops) 14,943 1 2
Queen Consort's Regiment of Horse (nine Troops) 13,038 0
Regiment of Horse (six Troops) 8,875 0 8
Ditto under Earl of Plymouth 8,875 0 8
Ditto under Major-Gen. Robert Werden 8,847 11 8
Ditto under James, Earl of Arran 8,875 0 8
Ditto under Charles, Earl of Shrewsbury 8,875 0 8
Ditto, Princess Ann of Denmark's Regiment 8,875 0 8
Ditto, Queen Dowager's 8,875 0 8
Ditto under Lord Dover 8,404 0 8
First Regiment of Foot-Guards under Duke of Grafton (24 Companies, 1,920 soldiers) 21,983 14 8
Coldstream Regiment under Earl of Craven (12 Companies, 960 soldiers) 11,154 12 0
Royal Regiment of Foot Guards under Earl of Dumbarton (20 Companies, 1,000 soldiers and one Company of Grenadiers) 10,292 11 4
Queen Dowager's Regiment of Foot (10 Companies, 500 soldiers and one Company of Grenadiers) 5,948 17 4
Prince George of Denmark's Regiment of Foot (12 Companies, 600 soldiers) 6,950 8 0
Holland Regiment of Foot (same) 6,950 8 0
Queen Consort's Regiment of Foot (same) 5,948 17 4
Princess Ann of Denmark's Regiment of Foot (10 Companies, 500 soldiers) 5,416 8 6
Marquess of Worcester's Regiment of Foot (same) 5,416 8 6
Duke of Norfolk's same 5,416 8 6
Sir Edward's Hales's same 5,416 8 6
Earl of Huntingdon's same 5,416 8 6
Col. Cornewall's same 5,407 5 11
Late Sir William Clifton's, now Col William Herbert's same 5,408 0 6
Earl of Bath's same 5,585 3 9
Royal Regiment of Fusiliers under Lord
Dartmouth (11 Companies 550 soldiers) 7,388 3 10
Royal Regiment of Dragoons under Visct. Cornbury (8 Troops, 400 soldiers) 9,273 0 8
Queen's Regiment of Dragoons (6 Troops, 300 soldiers) 7,119 6 8
Princess Ann of Denmark's Regiment of Dragoons under Col. John Berkeley (same) 7,119 6 8
Sixteen non-regimented Companies of Grenadiers, 13 thereof of 50 privates each and three thereof under Lord Arundell of Trerice, Sir J. Reresby and Capt, Rob. Holmes 7,802 15 6
(Total pay for the Guards and Land Forces, 288,033l. 13s. 11¾d.)
Garrisons:
Berwick 482 6
Carlisle 161 19 0
Chepstow 18 2 0
Chester 126 14 0
Calshot 67 17 6
Gravesend and Tilbury 542 8
Hull 500 4
Hurst Castle 67 17 6
Jersey 90 10 0
Landguard Fort 90 10 0
Guernsey 72 8 0
Holy Island 27 3 0
St. Mawes 27 3 0
Pendennis 303 18 7
Plymouth and St. Nicholas Island 595 4
Portsmouth 767 3
Sheerness 447 19 6
Scilly 90 10 0
Scarborough 53 3
Tynemouth Castle and Clifford's Fort 289 12 0
Tower of London 173 9 2
Windsor 181 0 0
Isle of Wight 632 11
Upnor, Gillingham and Cockham Wood 199 2 0
YorkandClifford Tower 247 18
North Yarmouth 54 6 0
Gunners in St. James's Park 67 17 6
Lord Colepeper's compensation 297 10
Cinque Ports 692 2
Sundry reformed officers and soldiers 817 12 9
Rent of rooms in the Savoy 30 0 0
J. Mawgridge, drummajor-general 15 0 0
(Total of garrisons, 8.241l. 4s. 6½d.)
262,555 18 0
Contingencies:
Fourth Troop of Guards under Lord Dover (192 privates and one Company of Grenadiers of eight officers and eight privates) 1,475 10 0
King's bounty and rewards 3,096 0 0
Labour of soldiers in Hyde Park 116 11 6
Clothes for disbanded recruits 2,959 11 10
Fire and candle 988 0 3
Particular services 1,776 0
Seven Companies of Scots Guards under Col. James Douglas, in England 1686, May 1 to June 29 1,521 6 4
Extra officers mustered in the Earl of Dumbarton's Royal Regiment of Foot more than were mustered in the Battalion of Scots Guards in England 1686, May 1, to June 30 423 19 0
Pensions 450 9 3
Reformed officers and disabled soldiers 953 17 0
(Total of contingencies, 13,761l. 5s. 6½d
310,036 4

From 1686, July 1, to Dec. 31

(Earl of Ranelagh, Paymaster General).

Charge.

l. s. d
Arrears nil.
Money out of the Exchequer 346,385 6 2
Money remitted out of Ireland 15,000 0 0
One third of the deduction of 12d. in the£ 5,090 14 10
Deductions for provisions [furnished for the encampment] 9,226 10 8

Discharge.

l. s. d.
Surplusage 47,480 6
General officers 7,602 17 10
First Troop of Horse Guards and Grenadiers (Earl of Feversham) 10,521 14 8
Second ditto 10,236 10 8
Third ditto 10,236 10 8
Fourth ditto (Lord Dover) 10,236 10 8
Royal Regiment of Horse Guards (Earl of Oxford) 15,190 14 8
Queen Consort's Regiment of Horse 13,254 2 8
Earl of Peterborough's ditto 9,022 2 8
Earl of Plymouth's ditto 9,022 2 8
Major.-Gen. Werden's ditto 9,022 2 8
Earl of Arran's ditto 9,022 2 8
Earl of Shrewsbury's ditto 9,022 2 8
Princess Ann of Denmark's ditto 9,022 2 8
Queen Dowager's ditto 9,022 2 8
First Regiment of Foot Guards 22,360 12 0
Coldstream ditto 11,339 9 8
Royal Regiment of Foot [? erratum for 10,620l. 9s. 4d.] 6,620 9 4
Queen Dowager's Regiment of Foot 6,010 14 4
Prince George of Denmark's ditto 7,007 0 0
Holland ditto 7,007 0 0
Queen Consort's ditto 5,991 10 8
Princess Ann of Denmark's ditto 5,450 4 0
Col. Hy. Cornwall's ditto 5,451 17 4
Marquess of Worcester's ditto 5,456 2 8
Earl of Lichfield's ditto 5,428 4 0
Earl of Huntingdon's ditto 5,458 4 0
Earl of Bath's ditto 5,948 0 0
Sir Edward Hales's ditto 5,451 4 8
Col. Herbert's ditto 5,449 8&8
Royal Regiment of Fusiliers 7,748 4 10
Royal Regiment of Dragoons (Visct. Cornbury) 9,314 3 8
Queen's ditto (Duke of Somerset) 7,237 6 8
Princess Anne of Denmark's ditto 7,237 6 8
Several Independent Companies of Grenadiers:
Sir Tho. Huggerston (July 1 to Aug. 31) 170 5 4
Capt. Peter Shakerly, Sir Robert Holmes and Capt. Edw. Villiers (1 July to Oct. 31) 1,010 0 0
Earl of Gainsbro, Capt. Carter, Capt. Godolphin (same period) 1,010 14 0
Christopher, Lord Hatton, and Thomas, Lord Jermin (same period) 673 13 4
Sir Christopher Musgrave (same period) 336 14 8
Capt. Sackville Tufton (same period) 336 19 4
Earl of Plymouth (same period) 337 0 0
Capt. Robt. Minors (same period) 287 14 0
Capt. Tho. Cheeke (same period) 395 6 9
Sir Jo. Reresby (same period) 358 3 2
Fourteen of the said Companies upon the
375,702 12 8
muster commencing Nov. 1 and ending Dec. 31 2,320 10 10
(Total pay of the Guards and Land Forces, 289,638l. 5s. 9d.)
Garrisons:
List in substance, ut supra, p. lxxii, (but including two Companies of Foot in New England) 9,247 19
Contingencies:
Medicaments 1,566 2 2
Fire and candle 2,155 3 6
Carts and carriages 306 15 10
Ferrymen 46 14 0
Sundry allowances 457 2 0
Stationery 223 10 4
Clothes for recruits and hauboyes 1,995 7 8
King's bounty and reward 2,454 12
Sundries 2,971 10 0
Pay of several Scotch officers with several Companies of Scotch Guards:
Twelve Companies of the Earl of Dunbarton's Regiment upon the muster July 1 to Aug. 30 and 52 officers etc. in the Battalion of the Royal Regiment of Foot in Scotland more than were mustered in the Battalion of the Scotch Guards now in England 1,978 10 8
Ditto upon the muster Sept. 1 to Oct. 31 1,945 5 4
Ditto upon the muster Nov. 1 to Dec. 31 1,951 12 0
(Total, 5,875l. 8s. 0d.)
J. Shales, Commissary of Provisions 15,002 5 10
379,421 2 10¾

From 1686–7, Jan. 1, to 1687, Dec. 31

(Earl of Ranelagh).

Charge.

l. s. d.
Arrears nil.
Money out of the Exchequer 589,038 13 0
Money remitted out of Ireland 30,000 0 0

Discharge.

l. s. d.
Surplusage 3,718 10
General officers 16,487 4 2
First Troop of Horse Guards (Earl of Feversham) 20,859 14 4
One third of the deduction of 12d. per £ 10,243 17 8
Second ditto (Duke of Northumberland) 20,293 19 4
Third ditto (Lord Churchill) 20,220 15 4
Fourth ditto (Lord Dover) 20,293 19 4
Royal Regiment of Horse (Earl of Oxford) 30,130 0 10
Queen Consort's ditto 26,292 3 4
Earl of Peterborough's ditto 17,809 8 10
Ditto under Earl of Plymouth and afterwards under Sir John Fenwick 17,878 8 4
Major-General Werden's ditto 17,893 5 10
Earl of Arran's ditto 17,897 3 4
Col. Rich. Hamilton's ditto 17,873 18 4
Princess Anne of Denmark's ditto 17,893 8 4
Queen Dowager's ditto 17,862 3 2
First Regiment of Foot Guards 44,487 18 0
Second ditto (Coldstream) 22,587 18 2
Royal Regiment of Foot 13,106 10 10
Queen Dowager's Regi ment of Foot 12,863 10 0
Prince George of Denmark's ditto 13,841 14 0
Holland ditto (Sir T. Oglethorpe) 13,860 17 0
Queen Consort's ditto (Col. C. Trelawney) 12,883 8 6
Royal Regiment of Fusiliers (Lord Dartmouth) 16,528 17 4
Princess Anne of Denmark's Regiment of Foot 10,796 1 7
Col. Cornwall's ditto 10,616 10 5
Earl of Bath's ditto 11,796 11 10
Marquess of Worcester's ditto 11,303 17 10
Earl of Lichfield's ditto 11,283 19 2
Earl of Huntingdon's ditto 11,296 3 10
Sir Edw. Hales's ditto 10,977 18 8
Ditto under Col. Arthur Herbert and afterwards under Col. Sackville Tufton 11,381 16 6
Royal Regiment of Dragoons 18,687 3 4
Queen's ditto 14,356 13 4
Princess Anne of Denmark's ditto 14,364 6 10
Independent Companies.
Peter Shackerley (Grenadiers) 828 4 0
Col. Sackville Tufton (ditto) 412 14 8
Capt. Hy. Villiers (ditto) 1,002 15 5
Thos. Lord Jermin (ditto) 494 14 8
629,282 10 8
Christopher Lord Hatton (ditto) 490 4 8
Four under Earl of Plymouth, Earl of Gainsborough, Capt. Francis Godolphin, Capt. Rich. Carter (ditto) 1,978 18 8
Capt. Thos. Cheeke (ditto) 328 0 0
Sir Christopher Musgrave (ditto) 494 14 8
Sir Robt. Holmes (ditto) 1,002 15 5
Sir J. Reresby (ditto) 1,061 10 10
Capt. Robt. Minors (Foot) 851 13 4
(Total pay of Guards and Land Forces, 575,644l. 16s. 4d.)
Garrisons:
Items in substance, ut supra, p. lxxii 17,544 6
Contingencies:
Items on the lines of those supra, pp. lxx, xxiii 28,389 3
625,296 16 11¾

From 1687–8, Jan. 1, to 1689, April 30 (Earl of Ranelagh).

Charge.

l. s. d.
Remains 3,985 13
Money out of the Exchequer 1,165,432 15 3
Money remitted from Ireland 20,000 0 0
Voluntary charge.
(1) Received out of the Treasury in Scotland in part of 2.190l. 2s. 0d. directed by the late King to be paid to this Accomptant 930 0 0
(2) Received of Mr. Walmesley of Lancashire by way of benevolence to the late King 2,000 0 0
(3) Received of Thos. Osborne, collector of Excise of Bristol 1,302 0 0
(4) Received of George Newton, ditto in co. Monmouth 650 0 0
(5) Received of Richard Tooth, ditto in co. Gloucester 454 0 0
(6) Received of the collector of Excise at Salisbury 400 0 0

Discharge.

l. s. d.
General officers 22,228 3 8
First Troop of Guards and Grenadiers (Earl of Feversham) 26,745 8 4
Second ditto (Duke of Northumberland) 27,203 2 0
Third ditto (Earl of Marlborough) 27,169 0 0
Fourth ditto (Henry, Lord Dover 20,577 2 2
Royal Regiment of Horse (Earl of Oxford . Col. J. Graham some time between Feb. and Dec.) 39,886 0 9
Queen Consort's Regiment of Horse 37,361 17 6
Earl of Peterborough's ditto 25,065 17 6
Ditto under Sir John Fen wick and then Lord Colchester 25,331 15 0
Ditto under Earl of Arran and then Col. Godfry 25,371 8 0
Ditto under Maj.-Gen. Werden 19,388 1 0
Ditto under Col. Hamilton and then Col. Coy 25,248 19 0
Princess Anne of Denmark's ditto 25,388 1 11
Queen Dowager's ditto 25,269 5 6
(7) Received of Anthony Row towards the pay of Regiments detailed 3,837 6 8
(8) Money received as deduction from John Clancy, agent to Col. Mac Elliyott's Regiment 100 0 0
Marquis de Miremont's ditto (6 Troops, 300 Troopers) 5,246 11 8
Charles, Lord Brandon's ditto (same; disbanded 1688–9, Jan. 4) 4,891 3 0
James, Earl of Salisbury's ditto (same; disbanded 1688–9, Jan. 7)
Col. Hy. Slingesby's ditto (same; disbanded same) 3,377 6 2
Col. George Holman's ditto (same; disbanded same) 2,314 12 0
Henry, Lord Delamere's ditto 6,784 0 0
William, Lord Cavendish's ditto 6,784 0 0
Sir Thomas Barton's Troop of Horse (disbanded 1688–9, Jan. 4) 477 19 0
First Regiment of Foot Guards (Duke of Grafton and then Hy., Visct. Sidney) 57,740 9 2
Second ditto Coldstream (Earl of Craven with four additional Companies) 34,035 4 6
Royal Regiment of Foot (Earl of Dumbarton and then Duke of Schomberg: with four new Companies and one Company of Grenadiers) 33,149 4 4
Queen Dowager's Regiment of Foot (with two Companies of Grenadiers added and 10 men to each Company 19,950 16 2
Prince of Denmark's Regiment of Foot (with 10 men added to each Company) 18,132 1 6
Holland Regiment of i Foot (additions as above) 19,872 5 4
Queen Consort's Regiment of Foot (two Companies of Grenadiers added and 10 men to each Company) 19,838 18 7
Royal Regiment of Fusiliers (10 men added to each Company) 23,158 12 2
Princess Ann of Denmark's Regiment of Foot (with one additional Company and several recruits) 16,503 6 8
Col. John Cornwall's Regiment of Foot (with 10 men added to each Company) 18,274 5 0
Earl of Bath's Regiment of Foot (with two additional Companies and 12 added to each Company) 18,271 3 4
Regiment of Foot under the Earl of Montgomery and then Sir John Hanmore (with the like additions) 18,081 13 6
Ditto under Earl of Lichfield and then Col. Hy. Wharton (with like additions) 18,239 3 10
Ditto under Earl of Huntingdon and then Col. Ferdinand Hast ings (with like additions) 18,472 8 6
Ditto under Sir Edw. Hales and then Col. William Beveridge (with like additions) 17,377 1 2
Ditto under Col. Sackville Tufton and then Sir James Leslie (with like additions) 18,322 13 4
Ditto under Col. John Hales (with like additions) 16,464 15 6
Ditto under Col. Roger Mac Elligott (raised 1688, May ; disbanded 1688–9, Jan. 8) 9,390 8 2
Ditto under Col. Solomon Richards (raised in Oct., 1688) 8,578 13 8
Ditto under Col. Bevill Skelton: ut supra 8,719 15 10
Ditto under Sir John Guise (raised in Jan. [1688–9]) 4,638 14 2
Ditto under Earl of Monmouth (same) 4,741 17 6
Ditto under Col. Francis Russell (same) 4,641 15 6
Ditto under Sir David Colyear: from 1688, Nov 8,063 11 4
Ditto under Earl of Leven 4,648 17 10
Ditto under Henry, Duke of Newcastle (raised Oct., 1688 ; disbanded Dec.) 2,656 15 2
Ditto under Col. Hy. Gage (same) 1,844 12 2
Ditto under Col. John Carne: 1688, Nov., to 1688–9, Jan. 7 1,278 11 2
Ditto under Col. Robert Hodges (raised Oct., 1688) 8,691 18 2
Ditto under Col. Gustavus Hamilton, lately Sir Rob. Peyton (six Companies, 300 soldiers): from 1688, Nov. 3,161 18 0
Royal Regiment of Dragoons (with 10 additional to each Troop). 26,073 12 0
Queen Consort's ditto (same) 19,943 16 6
Princess Ann of Denmark's ditto (same) 20,069 0 0
Col. Francis Wahup's Regiment of Foot: from 1688, April, when they landed in Scotland, to the 24 th of the same month, when they entered into Scots' pay 1,251 1 6
Scots' Horse and Foot:
Troop of Scots Guards (Earl of Drumlanrig: 118 gentlemen) 4,768 12 10
Royal Regiment of Scots Horse (Earl of Selkirk: 294 privates) 7,191 7 6
Lieut. Gen. James Douglasse's Battalion of Scots Guards according to the warrant of 1686, July 22 (13 Companies, 1,027 privates) 14,894 18 6
Col. Thomas Buchan's Regiment of Scots Foot (Scots Regiment of Foot) (same warrant: 13 Companies, 650 soldiers) 10,266 2 0
Sir Thomas Levingston's Regiment of Scots Dragoons (six Troops, 294 men) 6,606 10 0
(Total of Scots Horse and Foot in English pay,43,727l. 10s. 0d.)
Irish Foot and Dragoons:
Duke of Ormonde: Battalion of Irish Foot Guards in England (six Companies and one Company of Grenadiers: Nov. 1 to Jan. 6) 1,212 5 6
Col. Anth. Hamilton's Regiment of Foot (12 Companies and one Company of Grenadiers: same date) 2,263 14 10
Sir John Edgworth (ditto: Nov. 1 to April 30) 6,927 15 6
Col. John Butler: Regiment of Irish Dragoons (10 Troops: Nov. 1 to Jan. 6) 3,481 10 6
(Total for Irish Foot and Dragoons in English pay, 13,885l. 6s. 4d.)
Independent Companies:
Sir J. Reresby 875 15 10
Sir R. Holmes 1,056 7 0
Capt. Peter Shackerly (until its incorporation with Sir E. Hales's Regiment, 1688, April 30) 330 14 8
Capt. Robt. Minors 1,134 0 0
Capt. Edw. Braughall (until its incorporation with Col. Bevil Skelton's Regiment, 1688, Dec. 1) 144 19 0
Capt. John Sibly(raised 1688, Oct.; disbanded 1688–9, Jan.) 193 4 4
Capt. William Gibbons (same) 207 1 4
Capt. Elias Be'ake (same) 72 2 8
Capt. Francis Ingolsby (same) 94 3 8
Capt. Morrice Flynn (same) 172 11 0
Capt. Math. Smith (same) 237 13 2
Capt. Anthony Power (same) 221 15 8
Capt. Hy. Davies (same) 253 7 4
(Total pay of Guards and Land Forces, 993,096l. 3s. l1d.)
Garrisons:
Berwick 1,098 1 1
Carlisle 387 10 0
Chepstow 72 18 0
Chester 340 4 0
Cinque Ports 1,838 8 10½
Calshot Castle 182 5 0
Dartmouth 54 18 0
Guernsey 194 8 0
Gravesend and Tilbury 1,456 9
Hull and blockhouse 1,314 16 11½
Holy Island 72 18 0
Hurst Castle 182 5 0
Jersey 243 0 0
Landguard Fort 243 0 0
St. Mawes 72 18 0
Pendennis 97 4 0
Plymouth 1,598 4
Portland 222 15 0
Portsmouth 1,499 1
Sheemess 1,202 17 0
1,199,091 15
Scilly 243 0 0
Scarborough 142 15 3
Tynemouth and Clifford's Fort 777 12 0
Tower of London 2,434 2 8
Upnor etc 534 12 0
Windsor 486 0 0
Isle of Wight 1,698 9
North Yarmouth 145 16 0
Governor of York 501 6 10½
Lord Colepeper 601 12 3
Two Companies of Foot in New England 2,770 4 0
Gunners in St. James's Park 182 5 0
Gunners in the Medway 120 16 0
Additional gunners in the Medway 205 14 0
Gunners at Woolwich. 84 14 0
(Total of garrison, 23,303l. ls. 7¼d.)
Contingencies:
Bounty and rewards 3,525 18
Medicaments 1,145 13 6
Fire and candle 2,259 19 6
Ferrymen at Fulham, Lambeth & Datchet 97 15 9
Stationery wares 487 7 6
Clothes and liveries 2,937 6 0
Repairs, Horse Guards 1,136 11 7
Sundry services 4,387 7 8
Sundries 14,544 7 10
(Total of contingencies, 30,522l. 7s. 6½d.)
Paid to the Earl of Monmouth's and Col.Earle's (late Col. Luttrell's) Regiments 2,917 17 0
Paid upon account to be rendered only to his Majesty: Mr. Benlench, 1,000l.; Lord Dartmouth,700l.; Henry Powle, 1,140l.; Monsieurlsaac, 6,000l.; Ann Vangolstein, 1,000l.; Jacob Vanderesch, 162,500l 172,340 0 0
Money paid without accompt under warrant of 1689, April 10 4,000 0 0
Remainder of 200l. advanced to Major O'Connor 142 1 0
Paid to reformed and disabled officers 4,686 0 0
1,258,758 11
The Accomptant further claims 4,398l. l1s. 5ld. as the remainder of 12,249l. 1s. 1d. by him paid to Commissary General Shales for Hounslow Heath encampment in 1687 : towards which he has only deducted from Army pay 7,850l. 9s. 7½d.

(6) Ordnance Accounts.

From 1685, June 30, to 1686, June 30.

(C. Bertie, Treasurer and Paymaster.)

Charge.

l. s. d.
Arrears (remains) 3,774 17
Ditto (supers) 78,802 14
Money out of the Exchequer 70,800 0 0
Voluntary charge 4,892 8 6
158,269 19 10½
Wages etc. of principal officers, armourers, engineers, fireworkers, gunners etc. 13,231 17 6
Emptions and provisions, viz. of:
Powder 655 10 0
Shot 701 0 9
Small arms and repairs. 10,923 16 10
Ship carriages and standing carriages 1,932 17 11½
Sundry provisions 15,056 19 7
Artificers and tradesmen 6,394 17 2
Repairs of castles and forts 13,847 5 l0¾
Sundry disbursements 6,875 18
Rewards 1,889 12 7
Land and water carriage 1,589 6 6
Salaries 827 5 10
Travelling charges 1,130 7 6
Rent of houses 550 2 6
Ordinary allowances 15 0 0
75,622 5 6

From 1686, June 30, to 1687, June 30.

Charge.

l. s. d.
Arrears (remains) 256 18 10¼
Ditto (supers) 82,390 15
Money out of the Exchequer 95,404 11
Voluntary charge 1,806 17
179,859 2 11

Discharge.

l. s. d.
Wages etc. ut supra 11,030 5 0
Emptions and provisions, viz. of :
Powder 6,860 0 0
Shot 4,060 12
Ordnance 1,045 6 3
Tents 2,575 14 9
Carriage for ordnance 1,691 1
Small arms 13,412 19 7
Sundry provisions 14,254 15 10½
Land and water carriage 989 19 5
Sundry disbursements 6,784 14 11½
Reparations of castles and forts 26,370 0 8
Rent of houses 484 0 0
Rewards 1,953 14 0
Salaries 748 14 11
Travelling charges 1,830 9 5
Ordinary allowances 15 0 0
94,107 15

From 1687, June 30, to 1688, June 30.

Charge.

l. s. d.
Arrears (remains) 4,433 3 4
Ditto (supers) 81,318 3 11½
Money out of the Exchequer 97,827 9 9
Voluntary charge 2,173 16

Discharge.

l. s. d.
Wages etc. ut supra 11,377 0 0
Emptions and provisions, viz. of:
A mortar piece 80 0 0
Granado shot 3,423 6 6
Powder 4,515 0 0
185,752 13 8
Shot 1,037 1
Match 259 8 11
Tents and toils 2,818 8
Carriages for Ordnance 2,915 16 3
Small guns and small arms 16,865 16 4
Sundry provisions 11,975 10
Reparations of castles and forts 25,862 2 5
Land and water carriage 1,941 16 6
Sundry disbursements 8,144 6
Rent of houses 556 5 0
Rewards 1,737 14
Salaries 1,267 3 6
Travelling charges 4,136 18
Ordinary allowances 15 6 8
98,929 2

From 1688, June 30, to 1689, June 30.

Charge.

l. s. d.
Arrears (remains) 2,113 17
Ditto (supers) 84,709 13 l1½
Money out of the Exchequer 127,506 10
Voluntary charge 1,526 8 l1½
215,856 10

Discharge.

l. s. d.
Wages etc. ut supra 7,923 12 6
Emptions and provisions, viz. of :
Powder 5,110 14
Shot 2,609 10
Ordnance 1,061 3
Carriages 2,093 3 5
Tents 2,222 1
Small arms 8,217 18 11
Sundry provisions 5,814 19
Sundry artificers and tradesmen 22,178 17 3
Repairs of castles and forts 21,685 8 11½
Sundry disbursements 4,235 13
Rewards 1,785 4 10
Land and water carriage 4,689 8 0
Salaries 1,691 8 2
Travelling charges 916 15 3
Rent of houses 452 0 4
Ordinary allowances 15 6 8
92,703 7 0

(7) Cofferer of the Household.

From 1685, June 30 (the day of the death of Henry, Visct. Brouncker, the previous Cofferer), to 1686, Sept. 30.

(Sir Peter Apsley.)

Charge.

l. s. d.
Remains (not charged)
Ready money out of the Exchequer 66,800 0 0
Remains of provisions (not charged)

Discharge.

l. s. d.
Diet and maintenance of the Household and Stables 78,877 12 10
Writing of this account 30 0 0
Received of the executors of William Ashburnham, late Cofferer, and from William Whitmore & partners. 873 17 0
Beer etc. sold 83 2 4
67,756 19 4
Dr. William Holder, subalmoner, for the King's daily alms 274 4 0
Diet and expense of the King at Windsor, Winchester, on progress etc. 10,453 18 10¼
Remains of provisions in the various offices of the Household etc. (not credited)
89,656 15

From 1686, Sept. 30, to 1687, Sept. 30.

Charge.

l. s. d.
Remains nil.
Money out of the Exchequer 76,118 6 6
Beer etc. sold 25 9
Remains of provisions etc. (not charged)
76,143 16

Discharge.

l. s. d.
Surplusage 21,399 16
Diet and expense of the Household and Stables 63,398 17
Writing of this account. 21 0 0
Auditor's fee 30 0 0
Dr. William Holder, for the King's daily alms 219 0 0
Divers tradesmen and creditors 11,980 4
97,048 18 3

From 1687, Sept. 30, to 1688, Dec. 31.

Charge.

l. s. d.
Money out of the Exchequer 124,322 18
Remains of provisions (not charged)
Forinsec receipts (from Thomas Pechey, Thos. Neale and Hugh Mayo) 591 1 4
124,913 19 6

Discharge.

l. s. d.
Surplusage 20,905 2
Diet and expenses of the Household & Stables 81,957 14 1¾½
Writing of this accompt 42 0 0
Auditor's fee 60 0 0
John,Bishop of Adramyti, the King's almoner, for the King's daily alms 274 16 0
To Sir Stephen Fox 110 0 0
Divers tradesmen and creditors 20,994 0
Remains of provisions etc. (not credited)
124,343 13 3½¼

(8) Treasurer of the Chamber.

From 1685, Michaelmas, to 1686, Michaelmas.

(Edward, afterwards Lord, Griffin.)

Charge.

l. s. d.
Arrears (not stated)
Money out of the Exchequer 39,247 13 2

Discharge.

l. s. d.
King's daily alms 565 14 1
Trumpeters 175 0 0
Musicians 1,560 0 0
Falconers 551 0 0
Huntsmen of the Privy Buckhounds 1,320 0 0
Huntsmen of the foxhounds 480 0 0
Huntsmen of his Majesty's harriers 800 0 0
Foresters or officers of the King's forests 36 10 0
Jewel House officers 382 5 0
Moletaker 8 1 8
Ratkiller 48 3 4
Cofferbearers 54 15 0
Grooms of the Chamber 400 0 0
Groom Porter 550 0 0
Yeomen ushers to the House of Peers 109 10 0
Yeomen ushers to the King 80 0 0
Yeomen hangers 60 0 0
Bedgoers to his Majesty. 20 0 0
Waiters on his Majesty's robes 20 0 0
Rich coat keepers 20 0 0
Pond keeper in St. James's Park 30 0 0
Theatre keeper 30 0 0
Gallery keepers 109 10 0
Housekeeper at Whitehall 650 0 0
Ditto at Windsor 250 0 0
Ditto at Hampton Court 300 0 0
Keeper of the house, gardens and wardrobe at Greenwich 225 0 0
Keeper of the Standing Wardrobe at Whitehall 200 0 0
Ditto of ditto at Windsor 160 0 0
Ditto of ditto and of the Privy Lodgings at Hampton Court 200 0 0
Ditto of the house at Audley End 250 0 0
Ditto of the house and wardrobe at Newmarket 200 0 0
Housekeeper and gardener at Richmond 153 0 0
Signor Verrio, keeper of the Great Garden at St. James's Park 400 0 0
Gardener of St. James's house garden 91 5 0
Keeper of the gardens and bowling green at Hampton Court 73 0 0
Officers of the Removing Wardrobe 790 0 0
Clerk of the Wardrobes. 160 0 0
Yeoman of the Wardrobe at St. James's 110 0 0
Physicians of the King and Household 1,389 0 0
Apothecaries ditto 1,160 0 0
Chirurgeons ditto 1,094 8 4
Messengers 997 10 0
Pensions 320 0 0
Total [not struck]
Watermen 210 0 0
Yeomen of the Guard 5,619 19 8
Payments on Council warrants 136 13 4
Payments on Lord Chamberlain's warrants [1,903 12 0]
Bills of allowance 699 2 11
Watermen's bills 239 11 0
Ordinary allowance 63 6 8
Total [not struck]

[Account not declared.]

From 1686, Mich., to 1687, Mich.

Charge.

l. s. d.
Arrears (not stated)
Money out of the Exchequer 33,049 8 1

Discharge.

l. s. 3.
King's alms 567 3 0
Serjeant trumpeter 160 0 0
Musicians for the violin. 1,560 0 0
Falconers 551 0 0
Huntsmen (privy buckhounds) 1,341 5 0
Ditto (foxhounds) 480 0 0
Ditto (harriers) 800 0 0
Officers of the forest 36 10 0
Ditto of the Jewel House 382 5 0
Ditto of the Removing Wardrobe 950 0 0
Physicians of the King and Household 1,389 0 0
Apothecaries ditto 1,160 0 0
Chirurgeons ditto 1,381 18 4
Antonio Verrio, chief and first painter to the King (two years on 2001. per an.) 400 0 0
Jeremy Gohory, dancing master to the late King 450 0 0
Moletaker 8 1 8
Ratkiller 48 3 4
Nurseryman and pond keeper 30 0 0
Theatre keeper 30 0 0
Gallery keepers 109 10 0
Rich coat keepers 20 0 0
Cofferbearers 54 15 0
Bedgoers 20 0 0
Waiters on the Robes 20 0 0
Messengers of the Chamber 997 10 0
Grooms of the Chamber. 390 0 0
Groom porter 550 0 0
Repairer of bridges 45 0 0
Yeomen ushers of the House of Peers 109 10 0
Ushers and yeomen hangers attending the King 140 0 0
Annuities and pensions 320 0 0
Clockmaker and watchmaker 450 0 0
Housekeepers, wardrobe keepers avid gardeners 4,262 5 0
Total (not struck)
Watermen 210 0 0
Officers and yeomen of the Guard of the Body 5,906 5 0
Issues by Council warrant 146 13 4
Ditto by Lord Chamberlain's warrant 4,893 16 3
Watermen's bills 636 1 9
Messengers' bills 2,136 2 4
Ordinary allowances 377 8 0
Total (not struck)

[Account not declared.]

From 1687, Mich., to 1688, Christmas.

Charge.

l. s. d.
Arrears (not stated)
Money out of the Exchequer 48,570 7

Discharge.

l. s. d.
King's alms 568 12 1
Trumpeters 200 0 0
Musicians 1,600 0 0
Falconers 541 0 0
Huntsmen (privy buckhounds) 1,841 5 0
Ditto (foxhounds) 712 10 0
Ditto (harriers) 1,000 0 0
Foresters 27 7 6
Jewel House officers 382 5 0
Moletaker 8 1 8
Ratkiller 60 4 2
Cofferbearers 68 8 9
Grooms of the Chamber 480 0 0
Groom porter 687 10 0
Repairer of bridges 15 0 0
Yeomen ushers to the House of Peers 136 17 0
Yeomen ushers to the King 95 0 0
Yeomen hangers 70 0 0
Bedgoers to the King 25 0 0
Waiters on the King's Robes 25 0 0
Rich coat keepers 22 10 0
Pond keeper 37 10 0
Theatre keeper 30 0 0
Gamekeeper 25 0 0
Gallery keepers 123 3 9
Clockmaker and watchmaker 250 0 0
Locksmith 63 17 6
Housekeepers, wardrobe keepers and gardeners 1,697 5 0
Officers of the Removing Wardrobe 1,097 10 0
Yeoman to the Wardrobe at St. James's 137 10 0
Physicians to the King and Household 1,596 5 0
Apothecaries ditto 1,325 0 0
Chirurgeons ditto 1,393 0 5
Verrio, chief painter 250 0 0
Messengers of the Chamber 1,271 16 3
Jeremy Gohory, dancing master 200 0 0
Total (not struck)
Pensioner footmen and falconers 320 0 0
Watermen 259 7 6
Yeomen of the Guard 7,023 15 0
Duke of St. Alban 313 15 0
Payments by Council warrants 130 0 0
Ditto by Lord Chamberlain's warrant 7,499 17 5
Stationers 690 11 0
Watermen's bills 576 7 6
Messengers' bills 5,794 12 6
Ordinary allowances 213 6 8
Total (not struck)

[Account not declared.]

(9) Works Paymster.

Philip Packer's final account for extraordinaries, including the rebuilding the Privy Gallery at Whitehall.

From 1685, April 1, to 1686, Dec. 24.

Charge.

l. s. d.
Arrears nil.
Remains unpaid to sundry tradesmen 6,216 1 11½
Money out of the Exchequer 42,891 16 8
Value of provisions out of the stores 89 17 0
49,197 15

Discharge.

l. s. d.
Surplusage 12,504 15
Rebuilding the Privy Gallery at Whitehall 29,358 16 11¾
Stable repairs at Newmarket 114 11 8
Money formerly charged as received and afterwards discharged by privy seal 2,476 18 11½
Money repaid into the Exchequer 3,061 6
Ordinary allowances 107 0 0
47,623 9

From 1685, April 1, to 1686, March 30.

[Account missing.]

From 1686, April 1, to 1687, Mar. 31.

(Thomas Lloyd, Paymaster.)

Charge.

l. s. d.
Arrears (first account) nil.
Money out of the Exchequer 19,163 16 3
Value of provisions out of the stores 20 0 0

Discharge.

l. s. d.
Payments on several former accounts of the late Paymaster 12,930 10
Works etc. at the Tower 141 19
Ditto, Whitehall 1,821 9 10
Ditto, St. James's 305 11
Ditto, Westminster 57 7 4
Ditto, Hampton Court 667 19
Ditto, Greenwich 210 6 10
Ditto, Newmarket 56 7 10
Ditto, Audley End 776 8
Officers of the Works 1,152 12 5
19,183 16 3
Extraordinary works at St. James's 227 6 11½
Exchequer fees etc. 68 10 6
Ordinary allowances 62 0 0
18,478 10 ll¾

From 1687, April 1, to 1688, Mar. 31.

Charge.

l. s. d.
Remains 705 5
Money out of the Exchequer 836 3 9
Value of provisions out of the stores 35 17 2
Received of the Paymaster of the Forces for building a sutlery at the main Guard in Scotland Yard 640 10 0
2,217 16

Discharge.

Payments on several former accounts of the late Paymaster 14,394 6
Works etc. at the Tower 927 18
Ditto, Whitehall 3,308 12
Ditto, St. James's 335 19
Ditto, Westminster 152 0
Ditto, Hampton Court 1,555 1
Ditto, Greenwich 371 15
Ditto, Newmarket 63 0 6
Ditto, Winchester 597 1 10
Officers of the Works 1,154 18 2
Extraor dinar ies.
Guard Chamber at Whitehall 358 6
Ditto at the Mews 312 17
Public paving 137 0 2
Chapel of the Tower of London 222 11
Chapel on Hounslow Heath 505 19
Audley End 625 15
King's progress 93 1 4
Queen's progress to Bath 98 2 6
Paid by virtue of Treasury warrants 430 17 10
Ordinary allowances 62 0 0
25,707 6

From 1688, April 1, to 1689, Mar. 31.

Charge.

l. s. d.
Remains nil.
Money out of the Exchequer 17,473 18 1
Value of provisions out of the stores 199 15 11
Value of timber sold 689 12 0

Discharge.

l. s. d.
Surplus 23,489 10
Works etc. at the Tower 212 16
Ditto, Whitehall 2,664 6 8
Ditto, St. James's 445 18 10¼
Ditto, Westminster 418 12
Ditto, Hampton Court 1,634 3
Ditto, Greenwich 193 17 7
Ditto, Winchester 100 5 9
Ditto, Newmarket 67 8 8
Extraordinaries:
Audley End 136 9 4
New-building the sutlery at Whitehall 641 11
Fitting up Hampton Court for the Princess of Denmark 446 13 3
Paving 622 4
18,363 6 0
Altering and fitting up the King's house at Richmond 1,813 16
Altering and fitting up Mr. Ronche's and Mr. Le Croy's lodgings at St. James's 694 7 7
New building for the guns at Whitehall adjoining the Privy Gallery 372 7
Raising higher the butlery building in Whitchall 1,741 3
Reparations in the Mews 68 8
Reparing the dial in the Privy Garden 150 0 0
Officers of the Works 1,207 2 6
Trees and plants bought of Signor Verrio 766 8 0
Votary keeper 56 13 4
Repairs in St. James's Park 289 5
Ordinary allowances 62 0 0
38,295 11

(10) Wardrobe Accounts.

From 1685, Sept. 29, to 1686, Sept. 29.

(Visct. Preston, Keeper.)

Charge.

l. s. d.
Remains nil.
Money out of the Exchequer 13,369 4 8
13,369 4 8

Discharge.

l. s. d.
Emptions and necessaries by royal warrant 16,631 17
Fees and wages 2,850 7 10
Annual liveries and payments 58 13 2
Usual allowances 10 19 0
19,551 17

From 1686, Sept. 29, to 1687, Sept. 29.

(Account missing.)

From 1687, Sept. 29, to 1688, Sept. 29.

(Account missing.)

From 1688, Sept. 29, 1689, Sept. 29.

(Ralph, Earl Montague, keeper.)

Charge.

l. s. d.
Arrears nil.
Money out of the Exchequer 25,107 13 0

Discharge.

l. s. d.
Surplus 23,789 15
Emptions and necessaries by royal warrant 17,446 12 10¼
25,107 13 0
Payments by patent and by dormant warrant 478 13 4
Liveries to officers of Exchequer and Wardrobe 173 8 6
Fees and wages 629 15
Usual allowances 10 19 0
Provisions and work for the Coronation of William and Mary 9,738 17
Clerk of Wardrobe 20 0 0
52,288 1

(11) Robes Accounts.

From 1685, Lady day, to 1686, Lady day.

(Arthur Herbert, Gentgleman and Master of the Robes.)

Charge.

l. s. d.
Remains nil.
Money out of the Exchequer 3,780 4 3
3,780 4 3

Discharge.

l. s. d.
Suits, cloaks and other apparel for the King's wearing 821 6 4
Silks, cloth, silver, work, point lace, gloves ribbons, periwigs, hats, belts, swords, hose, shoes etc. for the king etc. 1,088 6 3
House rent 30 0 0
Payments by particular warrant 35 0 0
Auditor's allowance 35 0 0
Payments for royal robes for the Coronation 1,695 2 2
Exchequer fees 27 16 0
3,732 10 9

From 1686, Mar. 25, to 1687, Mar. 25.

Charge.

l. s. d.
Remains 47 13 6
Money out of the Exchequer 2,850 0 0
2,897 13 6

Discharge.

l. s. d.
Robes and apparel for the King and several of his servants and other charges of the Office of Robes 2,256 9 10
Ordinary allowance 603 10 0
Money paid into the Exchequer to balance this account 37 13 8
2,897 13 6

From 1687, Mar. 25, to 1688, Dec. 25.

(Lord Thomas Howard, Gentleman and Master of the Robes.)

Charge.

l. s. d.
Arrears nil.
Money out of the Exchequer 3,500 0 0
3,500 0 0

Discharge.

l. s. d.
Necessaries and provisions for the King's robes etc. 3,532 0 7
House rent 52 10 0
Fees at the Exchequer and Treasury 107 19 9
Auditor's allowance 17 10 0
3,710 0 4

The above tables of expenditure speak for themselves, and in doing so they afford the moral justification of the revolution of 1688. They show that the greater part of the additional revenue which James enjoyed was spent on the Army. In view of the statements which are widely made as to James's solicitude for the Navy and in view of James's own language on the subject when addressing his Parliament, we should have expected that whatever excess of revenue he received over and above that enjoyed by Charles II he would have spent on the Navy. The above tables do not bear out this idea at all.

It would be difficult to average Charles's naval expenditure, but roughly for the whole reign I should put it down at 400,000l. per an. James's expenditure on this head averages a little more, but not much.

On the other hand, James's expenditure on his Army shows an enormous increase. Charles's normal establishment for the Forces (Guards and Garrisons) was about 200,000l. per an.; James's establishment averages over 530,000l. per an. even excluding the last half year (1688, Mich., to 1699, Easter). The almost stereotyped composition of the Land Forces under Charles (it will be understood, of course, that I am speaking only of the English establishment) was three Troops of Guards, one Regiment of Horse Guards, one Troop of Dragoons and four Regiments of Foot Guards—in all not quite 4,500 men, not including officers. The garrisons numbered normally in all about 1,500 men. The total force, therefore, for both Guards and Garrisons was 6,000 men plus officers. This standing Army Charles never increased. The expeditionary Forces new raised for the intended war with the French King were raised by direct Parliamentary sanction and were disbanded in accordance with Parliamentary desires. The only apparent increase in the standing Army under Charles took place in the last year of his life, and this was not a real increase, but nominal only. It consisted simply in taking on to the English establishment the returning Garrison of Tangier when Tangier was abandoned (see the Introduction to the preceding Vol. VII of this Calendar, pp. lxvii-lxviii). These Tangier Regiments had been previously on the Irish establishment.

It is therefore an absolute fact that Charles never in his reign increased the standing Army.

Under James, however, an enormous increase took place. The full details of the increase will be found set out supra, pp. lxv seq. The increase consisted ultimately of a Fourth Troop of Guards, eight Regiments of Horse, twelve Regiments of Foot, three Regiments of Dragoons and fourteen Independent Companies of Grenadiers. At a very reasonable estimate James more than trebled Charles's standing Army. The pretext for the increase was of course furnished by Monmouth's rebellion, but the speciousness of that pretext need hardly be pointed out, for the greater part of the increase took place after the rebellion was over. In James's hands this disproportionate Land Force was a menace not to France but to the liberties of England, and what the Revolution of 1688 accomplished was simply the inversion of these terms. The increased Army which James had raised was not disbanded in 1689. By the harmonious action of William III and the Parliament the increased Army was maintained and was simply made a menace to France and thereby a protection to the liberties of England. A careful study of the details of James's Army increase will show how efficiently though unintentionally he had prepared the ground or the machinery for the greater Army of William's campaigns and how enormously he thereby facilitated the establishment of William's Government by the elimination of such Parliamentary friction as would certainly have arisen over a new or de novo increase of the standing Forces.
Wm. A. SHAW.

Footnotes

  • 1. There is a double series of accounts for Wine Licences, corresponding apparently to the system of General and Cash Accounts in the case of the Customs and Excise. The account here printed is probably the Cash Account. The parallel [? General] Account is very imperfect and impossible to give for the whole reign of James II.