Cardiff Records: Volume 2. Originally published by Cardiff Records Committee, Cardiff, 1900.
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Cardiff Villa. 1666.
The Presentment or Inquisition of the Inquest of Survey for the Town of Cardiff aforesaid, being sworn and charged at a Court of Survey in the Guildhall of the said Town, ye seventh day of September Anno D'ni nostri Caroli ij, d. g. Anglie, Scot., Francie & Hib'nie Reg., octavo, annoq. D'ni 1666, before Edward Herbert Esquire and Henry Romsey gent., Commissioners of the Rt Honble Philip, Earl of Pembroke and Montgomery, Lord of the said Town, by the oaths of:—
1. Imprimis. To the first article touching the limits, bounds, circuits, extents and jurisdiction of this Borough, etc., they say that the bounds and Liberties of this Borough are these, videlicet: De loco vocato Appledore juxta Llystalybont in parte boreali, usque ad Broadstream in mari in parte australi; et de Pains Cross in parte orientali, usque ad crucem juxta Frates Predicatores in parte occidentali, as the same do appear in and by the grants and exemplifications of the said Town of Cardiff. And touching jurisdiction of Courts within this Borough and antient Corporation of Cardiff aforesaid and within the Liberties thereof, the said Jurors say that the Town Court of Cardiff there is usually holden upon Thursdays every fortnight, at the Guildhall of the said Town, before the Bailiffs of the said Town for the time being, and now called Curia Domini Regis, according to the Charter or Letters Patent of our late Sovereign Lord King James of sacred memory, sealed under the Great Seal of England, granted to the said Corporation at the request of the R't Hon'ble William, late Earl of Pembroke, then Lord of the said Town and uncle to the Lord that now is; wherein actions of divers natures, qualities or values there happening are usually heard and tried, and the jurisdiction thereof exercised by the Bailiffs of the said Town for the time being, with the assistance of their Steward for the time being, according to the form and effect of the said Letters Patent. And the Lord of the said Town that now is, at present is and his successive heirs ought to be, according to the said Letters Patent, Constables of the Castle of Cardiff, and hath, have, and their predecessors, Lords of the said Town, heretofore were used to have, the nomination of a Deputy Constable of the said Castle of Cardiff. Which said Deputy Constable so nominated as aforesaid was in times past and at present is, and for time to come ought to be, a Burgess or Freeman of this Borough; and after his admittance and being sworn a Burgess of this Borough, such Deputy Constable or Constable, when admitted Burgess as aforesaid, was, is and ought to be sworn a Justice of the Peace of the said Town during the time that he shall exercise the office of Deputy Constable of the said Castle of Cardiff, according to the said Letters Patent and during the pleasure of the Lord of the said Town for the time being, or his successors, Lords of the said Town. And that the Lord of the said Town that now is hath and is used to have the nomination and appointment of a Town Clerk for the said Town, for and during his will and pleasure. And touching other ministerials of the said Town, the Constable of the Castle for the time being or his Deputy, after election made and returned according to the said Letters Patent, ought yearly to swear the Bailiffs of the said Town and the Aldermen thereof when elected and the Sergeants at Mace for the time being, as of ancient time usually hath been accustomed. And the Bailiffs of the said Town for the time being are and ought yearly to swear the residue of the ministerial officers of the said Town, according to the ancient custom of the said Town; which Bailiffs for the time being are to minister justice in the said Town, according as by the Letters Patent and their oaths they are directed and required. And that every Burgess of the said Town ought to do suit of Court, as of ancient time hath been used. And the perquisites of the same Court are usually accounted for at every audit to the Lord, at Michaelmas yearly, by the Bailiffs for the time being. And that there ought to be four Courts of Quarter Sessions quarterly, to be held in the Guildhall of the said Town, for the preserving of his Majesty's peace within the said Town, according to the tenour of the said Letters Patent of King James aforesaid; which hath not been observed for five years until the month of May 1667; in which Court of Sessions the Constable of the Castle, the Bailiffs, Steward and Senior Alderman for the time being are or ought to be Justices; whereof the said Constable of the Castle and the Senior Bailiff for the time being are to be of the quorum. And as touching the Magistrates of the said Town and Borough for the time being, according to the General Calendar remaining on record and called at the general Sessions of the Peace holden for the said Town in the month of May in the year of our Lord God 1667, their names follow, videlicet: Herbert Evans, Esquire, Deputy Constable of the Castle of Cardiff and one of the Justices of the Peace of this Town; John Sheere, Esquire and Senior Alderman, and Thomas Morgan, Esquire, now Bailiffs of the said Town; and two other Justices of the Peace of the said Town; John Gibbs, Esquire, Steward or Seneschal of the said Town.
2. To the second article, the said Jurors do say that, as touching the privileges and liberties of this Town Corporate and the Lord of this Manor and Borough: First they say they are ignorant as to the privileges and liberties of the said Manor and Borough; but for the privileges and liberties held by this Town Corporate they say that the Corporation have held and ought to hold the same in fee farm for ever, according to their Charters and ancient custom; paying therefor yearly to the Lord, at his Lordship's audit after Michaelmas, the sum of Five pounds, thirteen shillings, sevenpence halfpenny, for which the Bailiffs of the said Town for the time being do every year respectively account. And their fee is seven shillings, the Deputy Constable of the Castle four shillings, the Town Clerk three shillings and fourpence, and the Sergeants at Mace sixteen shillings; yearly to them paid or allowed by the Lord's auditor upon the said account, and of ancient times hath so been used. And that the said Corporation of the said Town are to have for ever free common of pasture, furze and turf upon the commons near the said Town, called the Great Heath and Little Heath, by the grants and Charters aforesaid; being yearly unto two years last past presented by the Grand Juries of the said Town accordingly. And that the adjacent parishes of Roath, Llanishen, Whitchurch and other parishes do daily intrude on the said liberty and common of pasture, for many years past, to the great wrong and detriment of the said Corporation.
3. To the third article the said Jurors do present and say that there ought to be usually kept for and within the said Town three Fairs every year, videlicet, upon the feast day of Saint Peter the Apostle; the eighth day of September, called Our Lady's Fair; and St. Andrew's Fair, being upon the last day of November. And also that there are kept weekly within the said Town two Markets, videlicet, upon every Wednesday and Saturday throughout the year; and that the tolls, pitching and profit are due to the Town for the fee farm before presented to the Lord. And they say that David Mathew, Esquire, taketh up the toll and pitching of cattle in Fair time sold between the bridges.
4. To the fourth article the said Jurors do present and say that in the Town of Cardiff there be divers freeholders of houses and lands, some holding in fee simple socage and some in fee farm and to them and their heirs for ever. And for and touching such burgages and half burgages and cottages which pay free rent or burgage rent within the said Town, the same are specified and contained, as near as this Jury could learn or find, in a rental or schedule thereof hereunto annexed, according to the said Jury's evidence; being payable at Michaelmas yearly, after the rate of 12d. the burgage, 6d. the half burgage, and 3d. the cottage, as appears by the said rental and according to a former Presentment; and are now or late were in the several tenures or occupations of the persons named in the said rental or schedule hereunto annexed, as this Jury have heard and been informed.
Cardiff Villa. Rentale liberorum reddituum diversorum Burgagiorum, dimidiorum Burgagiorum, et Cottagiorum seu Curtilagiorum, in villa predicta et libertatibus eiusdem, patet in quibusdam schedulis ut sequitur.
De libero redditu diversorum Burgagiorum, dimidiorum Burgagiorum, et Cottagiorum seu Curtilagiorum in Lez East Ward ville predicte, videlicet, for half a burgage heretofore in the tenure of Rees Roberts, Alderman, deceased, and now in the tenure of Arthur Roberts, gent., or his undertenants, 6d.
1 messuage heretofore in the tenure of John Howel, ut dicitur, and since in the ten. of Rice Davies, and now in the ten. of Thomas Mayo or his under tenant Thomas Yeoman, but at what Burgage rent we have no evidence at all.
2 bur. now in the tenure of Walter Strickland, Esqe, (fn. 1) 12d.
Imprimis. James Herbert, Esq. The Capital House, commonly called the Spittle, and 5 acres of land, late in the tenure of William Bawdripp Esqe deceased, and now of James Herbert Esq. or Mr. John Wollvin, his tenant. Between the lands late of Sir Edward Lewis, Knight, deceased, on the east part, the lands late of George Lewis Esqe deceased, on the north part, the lands of the now Earl of Pembroke on the west, and the highway leading to Roath on the south part, within the Liberty of Cardiff.
James Herbert, Esqe. Item 6 acres and one Qr. of land which sometime were in the tenure of John Davies and Catherine his wife, for their lives, and are now in the tenure of the said James Herbert or the said Mr. John Wollvin, his tenant, lying within the Liberties of Cardiff between the lands late of the said George Lewis Esqe of the north part, the lands of the said Earl of the east part, the lane leading to Dobbin Pitts of the west part, and the street leading to Roath of the south part.
Herbert Evans, Esqe. Item, 7 acres, 3 quarters, and ½ a quarter of land; 5 cottages and 5 gardens; and one old house, alias a barn, with one orchard thereto belonging; all sometime in the occupation of John Williams and George Williams; between the highway leading to Roath of the north side, the lands heretofore of Edward Kemeys and then in the hands of James ab Evan, of the south side; the lands of the said Earl, and heretofore in the occupation of Mary James, the wife of Thomas Lewis, of the east side; and the lands late of the said George Lewis, heretofore in the hands of certain of the Irishmen, of the west side.
Cradock Wells. Item, there were heretofore in the tenure of the within named John Davies and Catherine his wife one other cottage and a garden, lying without the South Gate of Cardiff, between the lands late of William Herbert Esq. and heretofore in the tenure of Robert Martin and now in the tenure of Thomas Richards, of the south part; the lands late of Edward Lewis Knt. of the east part; the lands late of Edward Kemeys Esq. of the north part, and the way there leading to West Moor of the west part; which said cottage and garden is now in the tenure of Cradock Wells, of Cardiff, Alderman.
Mr. Stradling. Item, one acre, being in the Manor of Roath, in a place there called Hilla ycha, lying of all parts to the lands late of Lamorack Stradling Esq., deceased; and one other half acre lying in the Hill-ysha, under the lands late of Robert Hopton Esq., by the right of the late Lady Jones his late wife, and near the highway leading to Roath.
Mr. William Williams. Item, 1½ acres, 2 cottages, 2 gardens thereto belonging, lying in Crockherton, between the lands of the said Earl, late in the hands of John Davies and Catherine his wife, of the west and south parts; the lands of George Lewis, in the lands heretofore of Thomas Jevan; and the lands late of John Boundy of Cardiff, Alderman, deceased. These lands, cottages and gardens were late in the occupation of Thomas Lewis and Mary his wife; afterwards demised for three lives to Walter Williams deceased, and now in the tenure of William Williams, his son, for his own life and George Williams, his son.
Lewelin Jenkin. Item, one tenement lying in Duke Street within the Gates of Cardiff and in the occupation of Lewellin Jenkin, late tenant to Rice Davies deceased; formerly demised to Rice Davies aforesaid for 99 years, if the said Rice Davies and two of his children, Samuel and Timothy Davies, do or one of them should so long live; between the Castle wall of the north part, the lands of the King of the west and east parts, and the street of the south part. Item, one other cottage within Cardiff, near the Castle gate, lying of the west side of the gate; new built of late by Roger Spencer and lately holden by Naum ffrenge and others, by a late demise, and now held by Mrs. Frances Thomas of Wenvoe, widow, and by her to her grandfather as we understand.
Dorothy Lloyd. Item, One other tenement lying of the north side of Crockerton Street, and a garden thereunto belonging. The lands late of Sir Wm. Herbert Knt. of the west and north parts; and the lands on the east and south parts lately Thomas Hughes, and heretofore in the occupation of James Rawleigh and were heretofore held by John Griffiths, son to Griffith ap Ievan, lately dead. And the said house and garden are now in the tenure of Dorothy Lloyd, widow, or her tenant, and do adjoin to the house and orchard late in the tenure of Samuel Sicklemore, or his assigns or tenant.
The widow of Henry Lewis, the late son of the said George Lewis, and the heirs of the said Henry Lewis deceased, owe 4s. 4d. of free rent for the lands of the Dame Roberts deceased, sometimes the lands of John Jones.
The heirs of Thomas Hughes, or their mother Mary Williams, the late wife of Morgan Williams, Alderman, deceased, paid 10d. yearly for a cottage and a garden lying in Crockerton, of late in the occupation of William Figge, and now in the occupation of the widow Donneford.
Wm Jones, Bodysmaker. James Hopkins held one tenement in Crockerton Street, at the rent of 10d. yearly, now in the tenure of William Jones, bodysmaker; the lands of the heirs of Thomas Hughes of the east part; the lands of the said George Lewis of the south and west parts, and the highway of the north part. This land is escheated to the Lord of this Town of Cardiff, by reason James Hopkins murdered his own son, and for the fact he was convicted.
6. To the sixth article they say they do not know of any encroachment or encroachments done to the prejudice of the Lord; or any commons, wastes, or commonable grounds which are belonging to the said Manor or Borough as the Lord's right, to their knowledge; and for such commons or wastes and intrenchments as there are, the same are and were wont yearly to be enquired on the behalf of the said Town by the Grand Jury of the said Town; and such encroachments are to be corrected and reformed, according to the custom there used, by the Bailiffs of the said Town for the time being. And they say that the said Town hath received great wrong and injury by Thomas Lewis, late of Lanishen, Esquire, deceased, who in his life inclosed by estimation 60 acres of land or thereabout, scituate upon the said Great Heath, parcel of the said Town Lands; which said Thomas Lewis, in regard the said Corporation was not nor is not able to (fn. 2) for the same, in Law unjustly detained, and encroached the same for his life time from the said Town and Corporation; and since his decease his son Gabriel Lewis Esqe which holds (fn. 3) the same from the said Town, for aught they could ever understand. And by reason of this and several other encroachments and building of several cottages on the said Heaths, the said Town and Corporation will be utterly disfranchised of their priviledges and liberties, unless the Honourable Lord of the said Town that now is will kindly assist his ancient Corporation to regain their privileges, as formerly both his predecessors and himself were wont to do.
9. To the ninth article they say that the Lord within the said Town ought to have all waifs, estrays, felons' goods, treasure trove, goods of persons outlawed and fugitive; and that the Bailiffs of the said Town for the time being ought to take notice thereof to the Lord's use. And they do not know of any such that the Lord hath not been answered for, except one parcel of clippings of English coin money, weighing two and twenty ounces or thereabouts, seized upon by William Jones and Nathaniel Wells deceased, late Bailiffs of the said Town; which clippings were late in the possession of the said William Jones. But whether it be the Lord's right, they leave to his Lordship to enquire.
10. To the tenth article they present the Castle of Cardiff, with its appurtenances within the said Castle walls, except one garden and its appurtenances now in the tenure of Henry Draper, to be the Lord's; but touching the residue of the said article they are ignorant. And for wastes and decays they present his said Lordship Castle of Cardiff to be partly demolished and out of repair, whether by the said Lord's consent or no they are ignorant. And they present one house in Shoemakers' Street, of the Lord's land, to be down to the ground in the present tenure of William Samynes' orphans. And they present the Tucking Mill, in the [tenure of] Herbert Evans or his assigns, to be in much decay. And they present one stable and garden, now in the tenure of James Jones, to be in much decay. All of which are the Lord's lands.
11. To the eleventh article they present the river of Severn to be navigable into the river of Taff to the slip or quay called the Blunts Gate of the said Town. But touching prisage of wine or for any other goods imported or exported, or which is or ought to be due to the Lord of the said Town for the same, they refer themselves to the Charter of the said Town granted as aforesaid by King James; but they say that there is an ancient duty due to the Lord, called the Castle Bushell, upon all corn and salt of foreigners that wend to the said Town; and that there ought to be always in the said Castle of Cardiff kept a Castle Bushell for that purpose, which hath been wanting these many years. And as to the right of the nomination of officers they are ignorant.
12. To the twelfth article they say that the Shoemakers and Glovers of the said Corporation are one Company, called by the name of the Cordwainers' and Glovers' Company, by composition or Letters Patents of Queen Elizabeth; but by what grant from the Lord they are ignorant. And as touching the accustomed dues, rights, priviledges, immunities and franchises of the aforesaid Company, and what yearly benefits do of right belong or appertain to the Lord, they refer themselves to the said composition and other grants to and of the said Company; and whether such accustomed dues are yearly paid to the Lord, they refer themselves to the Lord's accounts.
13. To the thirteenth article they present that within the Town of Cardiff the Lord hath two water grist Mills, under one roof, called the Town Mills, otherwise called the Lord's Mills, now in the tenure and occupation of William Thomas, Dean of Worcester, John Samyne and Bridget Samyne alias Gold, executors and overseers of the last Will and Testament of William Samyne deceased, to and for the use of the infants and orphans of the said William Samyne. And they also present that the Burgesses and inhabitants of the said Town do usually grind their corn there, and so do as long as they are well dealt with, and the mills able to grind; but whether they are bound so to do or no, they are ignorant for want of evidence.
14. To the fourteenth article they say that the Lord has the royalty of Fishing, extending from the Black Weir to the Black Stakes and head weir near Penarth, now in the tenure of the said Wm. Thomas, John Samyne and Bridget Samyne alias Gold, to the uses aforementioned in the precedent article; but to whom the royalties of fowling, hawking and hunting do belong or extend, they are ignorant for want of evidence.