Cardiff Records: Volume 2. Originally published by Cardiff Records Committee, Cardiff, 1900.
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Cardiff itself, and the manors surrounding the Borough, east of the Taff, are within the district known as Kibbor (Cibwr). This must not be confused with the modern Hundred of Kibbor, originally called Cardiff Hundred, which comprised the parishes of Saint John Baptist, Saint Mary, Roath, Llanedern, Llanishen, Lisvane, Whitchurch, Llandaff, Radyr and Caerau. According to Leland's description, the old Commote of Kibbor lay entirely east of the Taff and did not include even that part of the parish of Llandaff which is east of that river; but with this exception it comprised all between the rivers Taff and Rhymny and south of Senghenydd. The northern boundary of Kibbor coincides with the northern boundaries of Llanedern, Lisvane and Llanishen, till we come to Thorn Hill, when it follows the course of the Brunant southward (being the boundary between Llanishen and Whitchurch) for some distance; and then leaving this boundary, passes through the parish of Whitchurch in a somewhat intricate line only possible to explain by means of a map, and joins the river Taff at the boundary of the parishes of Whitchurch and Llandaff.
Kibbor, though sometimes referred to as a "lordship" or a "fee," clearly never was a manor in the ordinary sense. It will be seen that it could not be so, when it is understood that the whole of it (except the "patria Wallensium") was either within the Borough of Cardiff or constituted various manors carved out of the old Commote.
The manors constituted out of Kibbor were Roath Dogfield, Roath Keynsham, Llystalybont, Roath Tewkesbury, the Margam manor of Kibbor and Cardiff, Splott, and Spittle or Spittal. It also contained Griffith-Moor, some lands of the Austin Canons, the possessions of the Friars, and some other lands of the Church.
Rice Merrick describes certain privileges of the freeholders of Kibbor, and says that two of the suitors of Kibbor must, of necessity, be sitting on the lower bench in the Shire-hall at the giving of judgment upon life and death. In another place he states that the holders of the knight's fees, and also the freeholders of Kibbor, were in every Court called by a roll of their names. There is no doubt that this refers to the Welsh freeholders of the patria; for in the Inquisition on the death of Joan de Clare we find (after going through a list of the knight's fees):—
"And all the aforesaid tenants owe suit at the County [Court] of Glamorgan from month to month, together with 63 Welshmen of Kibbor who do no other service for their lands and tenements which they hold in Kibbor except suit at the County [Court] aforesaid from month to month."
There was a Bailiff of Kibbor, and there were also some very small rents, which possibly may have arisen from forfeited lands; but it seems clear that there was no "manor" of Kibbor, and the Welsh freeholders there appear to have been subject to no service whatever, except the attendance at the Court.
1126. In the agreement between Robert Consul and the Bishop of Llandaff, the Bishop is to have wood from the woods of the Earl "except Kibbor." The Welshmen of the Bishop are to have pannage and pasture with the Welshmen of the Earl, and the Normans and Englishmen of the Bishop with the Normans and Englishmen of the Earl, outside Kibbor. (Cartae I., p. 2.)
1183–89. Henry II. (probably while the lordship was in his hands, on the death of William, Earl of Gloucester,) directs a Writ to Roger de Sumeri and all who cultivate lands in the forest of Kibbor, requiring them to pay their tithes to Tewkesbury. (Cartae I., p. 23.) Tewkesbury had the tithe of the whole district; for a confirmation by Bishop Nicholas, 1153–83 (Cartae I., p. 20), shows that the Abbey held the parish church of Saint Mary, and the then chapels of Saint John, Saint Thomas (which has disappeared, but which was at Cardiff,) Roath, Saint Denis of Kibbor (probably Lisvane), Liffenni (perhaps Llanishen), Saint Edern (Llanedern), and Llanbordan (long since desecrated).
1515. William Basset granted to Res Mawnceill (Mansel) a messuage in the "Castell Baillie in Kibour." (Cartae IV., p. 629.) This refers to Cardiff Castle, and the messuage would be one of the lodgings of the knights who had to perform Castle-guard.
KIBBOR AND CARDIFF.
The manor of "Kibbor and Cardiff" was the term for those scattered properties, in Kibbor and the Borough, which had been given to Margam Abbey. It comprised a grange within the franchise of Cardiff, and 30 acres of arable land. Also 4 acres of meadow in the marsh of Roath, together with the common to the same pertaining, a tenement and one acre of meadow in "Roath More," and land in "Listellapont, Roffistow and Portmansmore." In the reign of Henry VIII. a grant of this manor was made to Sir Thomas Heneage and Lord Willoughby, but they seem either to have acquired it for the benefit of Sir George Herbert, or to have sold it to him, for he certainly possessed it shortly afterwards.
1516. The Abbot of Margam granted to Germanus ap Harolde Kybo 14 acres of arable land called Roffistowe, 4 acres of meadow in Rothismore, and a close lying in Portmannis-more in the fee of Kibor. (Cartae II., p. 249.)
1618. The Crown granted to two grantees the lordship and manor of Kibworth and Cardiffe (except the chantry lands of Cardiff.) This was at the request of Sir W. Doddington, who had married a Herbert heiress, viz., Mary, dau. of Sir John Herbert, brother of Sir William. The grantees were no doubt trustees, as the consideration was paid by Doddington.
The Grange of Moor may be mentioned conveniently here, as Margam property. Though in the parish of Llandaff and not within Kibbor or Cardiff, it was, perhaps, to some extent, connected with the manor so called.
1193–1218. Henry Bishop of Llandaff granted to Margam all the land from the Great Pill to the Taff which lay near the Bishop's sheepfold from wall to wall. According to the endorsement the land lay "in mora de Kerdif." (Cartae III., p. 218.)
MANOR OF ROATH DOGFIELD.
The manor formerly known as Roath, but for about 300 years called Roath Dogfield, is one of the manors carved out of the old Commote of Kibbor, though it comprises certain lands (Taff Mead, Merches, &c.) west of the Taff, which were not within that Commote according to Leland's description. It seems to have been always in the hands of the Lord of Cardiff Castle. Its principal house was anciently fortified and moated, and was no doubt on the site occupied by the present Roath Court, the seat of C. H. Williams, Esq. Rice Merrick says:—"Within it stood an old Pyle, compassed with a "Mote, which is called The Court; but now in ruyne." This manor comprises lands in the parishes of Roath, Llanishen, Lisvane, Saint John Baptist and Saint Mary.
Merrick says that in this manor is a place called Bedd-y-ci-du ("the grave of the black dog"), and this place is also mentioned in Ministers' Accounts and a Survey temp. Hen. VIII. and Elizabeth. The same curious name is still borne by a field situate a little to the north of Llanishen church. After referring to this place, Merrick adds:—"Whereof it is supposed the lordship was named Dogfield."
Among the early inhabitants of this manor was, it appears, a family named Roth, no doubt deriving their name from it. Alice, daughter and heir to David Roth, was married to Jenkyn ap Adam ap Cynaelthwy ap Herbert, who was great-grandfather to Sir William ap Thomas, and so ancestor of the great Herbert family. This appears from an Elizabethan pedigree of Roberts of Cardiff, preserved at the Free Library.
1185. The Glamorgan Pipe Roll (Compotus de firmis maneriorum de Glamorgan) charges for the repair of the bridges of Rat and Reigni (Roath and Rumney), of Lequid mill, and Cardiff Castle and town gates, and accounts for 24l. "of the farm of Caerdif." (Cartae I., p. 27.)
1186 (c.) William Doggeuel notified to the Bishop of Llandaff his grant to the monks of Margam of his field under Rahat (Roath), in the marsh towards the south, and any acre they might choose in his land at Lisbonit. (Cartae III., p. 118.)
One of the customary tenements was called "Alyce hill," containing 20 acres. (Chanc. Proc. Series II., bdle. 101, No. 12.) A Survey of the 12th year of Elizabeth shows that there were then only five copyhold tenements, and one of these was claimed to be held freely.
A Court Baron for Lord Bute's manors of Roath Dogfield, Roath Tewkesbury, Kibbor and Cardiff (called in recent times "White Friars and Kibbor"), and Llystalybont, was held, till the middle of the present century, at the Cross Keys inn, just outside the east gate of Cardiff. It was then removed to the old Angel inn and then to the Cardiff Arms (now the Angel), within the town walls, and is still held there. The Court was formerly held every six months, but now meets only once a year.
MANOR OF ROATH TEWKESBURY.
This comprises the lands in Kibbor and the town of Cardiff which were granted to Tewkesbury Abbey, Gloucestershire; but it has been sometimes confused with Roath Dogfield on account of its often being referred to simply by the name of "Roath."
1102 (c.) The mill of Raz (Roath) was given to Tewkesbury by Robert de Haia. What mill is here referred to is doubtful; for although an ancient mill was standing in Roath, not far from the church, until 1897, that mill was in Roath Keynsham.
1578 (c.) Rice Merrick says (p. 103 Corbett's edition) speaking of Llanedern : "William Herbert hath a manor therein . . . . . "within it is the chappell of Lanvorda." This "manor" would probably be part of Roath Tewkesbury—though the fact of Ty'r Capel being described in the Roath Keynsham Survey as held under Saint Austin's on the Green, Bristol, renders the point doubtful.
1550. The Minister's Accounts mention "a certain rent paid to George Herbert, knight, at his demesne or manor of Cardiff and Roth, formerly belonging to the monastery of Tewkesbury." A modern writer (Arch. Camb.) says that this manor was purchased in 1546 by Sir George Herbert, and held in capite.
1586. The manor of Rothe Tewxburie was held by Sir William Herbert (grandson of Sir George); as also the free chapel of Roath, lately dissolved, with the tithes, profits, lands and tenements to the same chapel belonging.
THE CARDIFF FRIARS.
The estates of the Friars, whether Franciscan, Dominican or Carmelite, do not appear to have been called manors; but as the name of "Friars," or "White Friars," has been connected with that of the manor properly called "Kibbor and Cardiff," it may be well to give some facts with respect to them.
With regard to the White or Carmelite Friars, it is stated in Dugdale's Monasticon (1846 edition, VIII. 1582), that there is "said to have been" a house of White Friars at Cardiff; adding, "It was probably destroyed by Owen Glyndowr."
The house of the Black Friars, Dominicans, or Friars Preachers, was between the Castle and the river Taff. It was acquired by Sir William Herbert, grandson of Sir George Herbert, and again sold by him between 1570 and 1586. The site now belongs to the Marquess of Bute.
The Herberts acquired also the Margam Abbey manor of "Kibbor and Cardiff;" and the fact of their mansion house being situate on the land of the Friars may probably account for the manor in later days being called "Kibbor and Cardiff, otherwise Friars," and more recently "White Friars and Kibbor."
The Herberts of "Cardiff Friars," or of "White Friars," who are referred to in the Cardiff Parish Registers and other documents, were really of the Grey Friars—or rather the house built by Sir William Herbert on the site of the Grey Friars.
1649. "William Herbert, of Cardiff Friers," is mentioned in the Parish Registers of Saint John Baptist, Cardiff; and the Herberts were living at the "Friars" down to about 1730, as appears from the same registers. The Grey Friars house is in ruins; of the Black Friars only the foundations remain, in the grounds just west of the Castle. The sites belong to Lord Bute.
MANOR OF ROATH KEYNSHAM.
This comprised the estates in Kibbor of Keynsham Abbey (Somersetshire)—founded by William, Earl of Gloucester, between 1167 and 1172. The grant of the estates constituting the manor of Roath Keynsham was by Gilbert de Clare (1217–30).
1275. King Edward confirmed Earl Gilbert's grant to Keynsham of (inter alia) "the whole Park of Rumeya and the whole fishery and fishing of Rumeya, and both the vivaries of Raz (Roath), with the mill and the great vivary below Kibur to the west, and all the lands (landas) of Raz, and the whole forest of Kibur." (Cartae I., p. 190.)
1650. "The Survey and Presentment of the Manor of Roath Keynsham in Glamorgan" (Arch. Camb., 1883, p. 109), sets forth in detail the mears and bounds of the manor. The boundaries cannot be described without a plan, the manor being in so many scattered portions.
The Survey further states that there is a pinfold or pound belonging to the manor; and that all the tenants are entitled to free pasture on the commons there, called Mynydd Bychan, Y Waun Ddyfal and Treoda. Mynydd Bychan is called in English the Great Heath; Y Waun Ddyfal is the Little Heath, and Gwauntreoda is termed Whitchurch Common.
Coed-y-gores was anciently the home of a branch of the old Morgan family, the last of whom, David Morgan ("the Pretender's counsellor"), was beheaded at Kennington in 1746, and his estates forfeited for high treason.
MANOR OF LLYSTALYBONT.
On the eastern bank of the Glamorganshire canal, where the canal approaches within about a hundred yards of the Taf, stands a rambling thatched farmhouse popularly known as Lislabont or Islabont (Llystalybont.) Although it looks so insignificant to-day, this is one of the most ancient residences in Glamorgan and possessed great importance in early times. The lands of this manor were scattered, and though the mansion lies a mile to the north of Cardiff, houses in the suburb outside the south gate of that town, called Soudrey, were reputed to be parcel of the manor of Llystalybont; and part of the manor lay in the parish of Llanishen. A Survey of 1653, after giving the bounds of the main portions, says that the manor lay in the several parishes of Llandaff, Whitchurch, St. John's in Cardiff, Roath, Llanishen and Lisvane. The mediæval manor of Llystalybont consisted of only half a knight's fee.
Sir William Maelog was lord of Llystalybont, Wysam and Maelog's Fee,temp. Hen. III. (1216–72). This knight is said, in Mr. Clark's Genealogies of Glamorgan, to have married a daughter of Rhys ap Griffith ap Ifor Bach, Lord of Senghenydd. His daughter married Sir Gwrgi le Grant.
Circa 1216 Isabel, daughter of William, Earl of Gloucester, confirmed to the abbot and monks of Margam Abbey (inter alia) the possessions which they had of the free men of Kaerdif at Listelebon. This may have included the grange of Llystalybont. (Cartae III., p. 308.)
1291 circa. Pope Nicholas' Taxation shews that the Abbot of Caerleon had at Lestalelond certain rents of assize (probably in Mynachdy), and the Abbot of Margam one carucate of land there. The possessions of Caerleon in this county appear to have passed to Llantarnam previous to the Dissolution of the Monasteries. Lands which formerly belonged to Caerleon appear in the rolls of the Augmentation Office as the property of Llantarnam. The various lands "at Llystalybont" belonging to Caerleon (afterwards Llantarnam), and Margam respectively, adjoined lands which are still part of the manor, and were probably granted to the Abbeys either by former lords, or freeholders with the consent of the lords.
As to the respective estates of the two Abbeys, the matter is not free from difficulty; but from what is known of the subsequent history of the property, it appears probable that Mynachdy lands belonged to Llantarnam, while the Grange farm (near Cathays) was the property of Margam.
1319. Roger ap Ievan de Lustelbont granted to Thomas Moryn half an acre of land, less nine yards, with the appurtenances in Overham, between the land of Richard de Lustelbont on the east and land of Kenewrek ap Ievan on the west; one rood, one yard, and three-quarters of a yard of land with the appurtenances in Nitherham, between the land of John Dobin on the south, and and land of Kenewrek ap Ievan on the north. (Cartae I., p. 255.)
1326. John Gilbert de Listelbont granted to John Lazful one and a half acre and one yard of arable land lying in the fee of Listelbont, namely, lengthways between land formerly of John Dobyn on the east, and a place which is called Hien Tor on the west; and in width between land of Kenewrek ap Ievan on the south, and land of Iorward de Listelbond and Richard, his brother, on the north. Witness, William Mayloc, &c. (Cartae I., p. 261).
1332. William Maelog and his wife vainly endeavoured to enforce in the Bishop's Court their claim to have Mass said "at their house on the other side of the Taf," at Christmas and Easter. They alleged an ancient grant by the Bishop and Chapter in consideration of certain lands given to the See by their ancestors. (Lib. Land.)
1336. Extent by Margam Abbey, directed to their superior the Abbot of Clairvaulx, of their possessions, mentions "Apud Listelbone j carucatam terre. Et de prato ibidem vij acras." (Cartae IV., p. 152.)
In the Glamorgan Genealogies it is stated that Arnold, an advena, married the heiress of Morgan ap Madoc, Lord of Llystalybont; that the estate was held by his descendants for five generations, and that the heiress of the last married William Yelor. This last statement would seem to be inaccurate if intended to imply that Llystalybont passed by marriage from the Arnold family. (See below, under date 1542.)
1560. The grange of Llistalabont was by the Crown granted to Thomas Wood and Thomas Fale, together with houses &c to the same grange belonging, late parcel of the possessions of the monastery of Lanternam. (Rot. Pat.) Dugdale prints an abstract of a roll in the Augmentation Office, mentioning the following possessions (inter alia) of Llantarnam:—
1649. The manor of Llystalybont belonged to Philip, Earl of Pembroke. The mill of Listellabont having been forfeited to the Earl as felon's goods, an action was brought by John Williams against Anne Herbert, widow of William Herbert, who had seized it on behalf of the Earl. (See Exch. Dep., 24. Car. I., East. 1 and 2.) This action was dismissed 5 May 1651. (Exch. Decrees and Orders, Vol. V., col. 234d.)
1653. A Survey of the manor in this year shows that the free tenants then were Sir Charles Kemeys of Cefn Mablie; William Lewis of the Van, Esq.; Thomas Lewis of Lanishen, Esq.; George Williames of Lanishen.
1673. For customs of the manor of Lystallaboone, belonging to the Earl of Pembroke, see Exch. Dep., 25 Car. II., East. 25. This document shows that several large tenements in Llanishen parish were part of this manor, and paid rent and rendered heriots of the best beast to the Lord. Lewis of Llanishen were copyhold tenants there. Two of the tenements were called Coed Cae and Tir-y-Maerdy.
1700. Gabriel Lewis of Cardiff, feltmaker, devised a "Tenement of Lands called Velindra in ye parish of Lanishen and Mannor of Listleaboon by me held by copy of Court Roll from and under ye sd Mannor," for certain lives.
MANOR OF LLANDAFF.
This manor belonged to the Bishop of Llandaff from ancient times, and constituted him one of the Lords Marchers, but subject to the Lord of Glamorgan; of whom, for nearly two centuries, the Bishop was supposed to hold his temporalities.
1218 (c). The Bishop of Llandaff granted to Margam Abbey all the land from Thaf to the Great Pill, which lies by the Bishop's sheepfold, from wall to wall. According to the endorsement the land granted lay in "in mora de Kerdif." (Cartae III., p. 218).
1290. Gilbert de Clare claimed to hold the temporalities of the See of Llandaff during the vacancy of the See; but this was resisted by King Edward I., who desired to restrict the excessive powers of the Marcher Lords. The result was that the Earl had to give up his claim to the temporalities except for the lives of himself and Joan his wife, a daughter of the King.
1439. John Daldeyn, gentleman, agrees with his brother David concerning the possessions they inherited from their father, Edmund Daldeyn, "within the said counte of Glamorgan and within the libertie of the towne of Cardeff, and in the lordship of Llandaff, in Suth Walys." (Cartae, vol. II., p. 140.)
1553. Bishop Kitchin granted Llandaff Manor to Sir George Mathew of Radyr, knight, his heirs and assigns. This greatly impoverished the See, and even comprised the Bishop's Castle, which seems to have been dismantled shortly afterwards.
Near the castle stands the ancient mansion of the family of Mathew of Llandaff. It was formerly called Bryn-y-gynen, but now Llandaff Court, and is supposed to have been built by David Mathew ap Ieuan Gruffydd Gethin (Rice Merrick.) It was rebuilt in the 18th century and is now the palace of the Bishop of Llandaff.
1740. According to a Survey of this year, the boundaries of Llandaff Manor take in, on the north-east side, Maendy and Mynachdy, and lands formerly part of the Great Heath. It mentions chief rents as being payable (inter alia) for the manor of Caerau, and Splott Farm in Roath.
1852. The sons of Sir Samuel Romilly sold to William Sheward Cartwright: All that the Manor or reputed Manor of Llandaff in the County of Glamorgan, with the appurtenances thereto belonging, extending over the whole Parish of Llandaff; which parish comprises the Hamlets of Canton, Eley, Fairwater, Gabalva and East Laboon [Llystalybont] and includes the commons or waste lands called Llandaff Common 39a. 1r., Canton Common 41a. 3r. 8p., Wayngron 2a. 2r. 7p., Eley Green 3a. 0r. 16p., waste on Eley Road 1a. 2r. 9p. or thereabouts, and all other the wastes of the said Manor. Together with the fishery in the river Taff within the said Parish of Llandaff, extending from the confines of the Parish of Reider near Llandaff to the river Taff to the north, to the sea towards the south. And also a fishery in the river Eley, from the confines of Leckwith Parish to the confines of Saint Fagans Parish held by Anthony Mathews, Esquire, his heirs and assigns for ever at the yearly rent of 5s. And also all the tolls and pickages of the fairs held at Llandaff and Eley in the County of Glamorgan. And also all that pound, being the Lord's Pound of the Manor or Lordship of Llandaff, situate in the City of Llandaff, with the profits arising from the empounding of estrays within the said Manor (which said tolls and pickages of the said fairs at Llandaff and the said pound were with other hereditaments, by Lease dated 15 January 1808, demised by Francis Lord Landaff to the Reverend Powell Edwards from the date thereof for the lives of the said Powell Edwards, Thomas Williams Richards and Edward Windsor Richards at the yearly rent of 130l.) And also all those several chief rents of the several amounts scheduled thereunder and payable to the Lord of the said Manor of Llandaff. Together with all houses &c (inter alia) feedings, commons, common of pasture and herbary, Courts Leet, views of frank pledge and all that to view of frank pledge doth belong and appertain, Courts Baron, Customary or Copyhold Courts and all other Courts &c.
The Survey of 1740 above referred to contains a somewhat different description of the fisheries, that in the Taff being described as extending down the river to below a pool called Pwll-y-Stapse, and that in the Ely as being from Coed Groes to the lower end of Ely Moor.
1885. The Cartwrights conveyed to the Cardiff Corporation Ely Common, Canton Common, Waungron, Ely Green, and the wastes on the Ely Road; otherwise known by the more modern names of Ely and Canton Commons. The Corporation paid compensation to the commoners.
TREASURER'S MANOR OF LLANDAFF.
This comprises lands which from ancient times have belonged to the Treasurer for the time being of Llandaff Cathedral. A fragment of the Treasurer's House remains in the Lower Close at Llandaff, by the Bishop's Castle and Saint Teilo's well.
1291 (c.) Pope Nicholas' Taxation shews that this manor comprised 32 acres of land. Also that the other principal officials of the diocese held lands which the Taxation styles manors, viz., the Archdeacon, the Chancellor, the Precentor and the Chapter.
1535. The Valor Ecclesiasticus names the following as parcels of this manor:—Glebe at David Melans close, the Smale close, Pant Crappull, y Weyn Gron and Kaye y Dyntur; a close called Kae y Goboye, and two acres at Kae Johan vergh Ievan Bagh. Miles Mathew was tenant at will of a close by Mylstret, an acre of arable land at Whitt close, a parcel of arable land under Penhyll, and three quarters of land at Hungrys Hyll. Tenants for terms of years held various lands and messuages at the Heyn, Penhill (by copy of Court Roll), Berland, Canton and Saltmede. Free tenants were George Mathew and Miles Mathew; the latter held three acres at Tyr y Cutler at 3d. per annum, and Saint Teilo's Acre at a penny a year. George Mathew was Steward, Owen David Clerk of the Court, and Jankyn Dyo Bailiff there.
It appears that the Prebends of Llandaff were also accounted manors. At all events in 1548 the Prebend of Saint Andrew, alias Bassetchurch, was conveyed to James Button of Worleton as a "prebend, manor or lordship," except the "capital house" &c near the cathedral. It comprised 140 acres. (Chanc. Proc. Series II., bdle. 18, No. 80.)
In a petition to Queen Mary Tudor the parishioners of Llandaff complained that these lands had lately been let out to friends of the residentiary Canons, whereby the revenues had been greatly spoiled and diminished. (See Vol. I., p. 380.)
1649. Sir John Wollaston, knight, and Robert Tichborn, esquire (trustees under two Acts of Parliament) for 683l. 9s. 6d. granted to Stephen Deare of Llandaffe, gent., "all that manor commonly called the Treasurer's Manor in the county of Glamorgan, with the capital messuage or mansion house called the manor house in the coom'd; and all that parcel of arable land called Kaeda Malan, on the highway from Llandaff to Ely; and arable land called the Five Acres; and the pasture ground called Kae Damter, on the highway from Llandaff to Fairwater; and arable land called Kae-yr-vroes Lloyd, on the highway from Llandaff to Ely; and one meadow called Werne Grove or the Treasurer's Close, and a meadow near the Watrell, called Kae-yrGayll, on the highway from Llandaff to Place Mawr; and one meadow called Kae Whuan Verch Evan Bach; and two meadows between the old Salt Mead, Tophes Mead, and the marshes called the Heaves." Also the following tenements:—
MANOR OF SPLOTT.
This was a parcel of land holden of the Lord of Llandaff. It paid suit to the Bishop's Court in Leland's time, and was anciently held by the Bawdrips of Penmark. It consists mainly of two farms, called the Upper and Lower Splott, situate between Roath village and the sea.
1540. (c). Leland writes: "Splot, a maner place longging to Baudrem, lyith from the mouth of Remny on the shore, and is taken as land holden of the Bisshop of Landaf, and resortith to the Bisshopes court. So it is in the commote of Kibworth, but not of the Court of it."
MANOR OF THE SPITTAL.
Spittal Manor was attached to a religious guest-house or almshospital at Crockherbtown. It was situate in the parish of Saint John Baptist, and may possibly have been a dependency of the Order of Saint John of Jerusalem, or Knights Hospitallers. Its tithe was afterwards held by the Dean of Gloucester. Crockherbtown was the eastern suburb of Cardiff.
1550. The Ministers' Accounts refer to "3½ acres of land in the field called le Spyttles close," claimed by William Bawdrib, esquire, as parcel of his inheritance; and to "4 acres of arable land near the channel called the Spittell lane."
It does not appear from the public records that the Spittal itself was ever in the hands of the Crown. Possibly, like the Spittal close above mentioned, the Spittal itself was claimed by Bawdrib as having been originally granted by his ancestors. Sir William Herbert, the Crown grantee of 1550, or his son Henry, second Earl of Pembroke, purchased this manor of William Bawdrippe ante 1570. "It hath free tenant leases and coppy houlds for iij lives." (Abbreviate.)
1666 (Cardiff Survey). Schedule of the bounds and rents of the Lordship of Spittle. James Herbert esq. possessed the capital house called the Spittle, and 5a. of land, late in the tenure of William Bawdripp esq. deceased. Herbert Evans esq. held 8a. with 5 cottages & gardens, and the barn and orchard, all at Crockherbtown.
In 1804 part of the Spittal property was valued at 200l. and conveyed in exchange from Lord Bute to the Cardiff Corporation. In 1835 it was conveyed to Mr. Edward Priest Richards, and it afterwards formed portion of the Stacey estate. The Gaol stands on another part of the Spittal lands.
Griffithsmoor, or Griffithmore, is the name given to certain lands the main part of which lies on the west side of the road from Cardiff to Newport, and extends to Rumney bridge. Though sometimes styled a "lordship," it appears to be usually treated in the Inquisitions, &c., as parcel of, or at least connected with Whitchurch, itself a "member" of Senghenydd. It is partly bounded by the manor of Roath Keynsham. Griffithsmoor, probably, was never a distinct manor. Its name may have been derived from Griffith ap Rhys, the last Welsh Lord of Senghenydd. He was Lord at the date of the Extent of Glamorgan which Mr. Clark attributes to the year 1262, but by 1295 the lordship was in the hands of the Chief Lord. In some Annals (Cartae III., p. 558) under the date 1266 it is stated that "Griffinus ap Reys" was sent to Kilkenny to be imprisoned.
1307. Griffithsmoor is entered in Inquisitions on the death of Joan de Clare as composed of 60 acres of arable land and 16 acres of meadow, and in the same document "the moor of Griffith" is called a member of the Castle and Vill of Kayrfilli (in Senghenydd).
1316. In a Minister's Account the accountant answers-(among other dependencies of the Manor of Whitchurch) for 30s. received from the pasturage of 60 acres of arable land in cultivation this year in Griffithsmor. (Cartae I., p. 222.)
1550. The Particulars for the royal grant to Sir William Herbert include "the farm of a pasture "called Griffithmore in Kybor; eight acres whereof are in Enormore amongst the lands of Lord Herbart, and the rest is near the causey leading from Romney to Cardiff, containing by estimation 53 acres."
MANOR OF CANTON.
1290 (c.) John, son of Robert de Landaf, granted to Milo de Regny "a rent of sixpence arising out of three acres of land with the appurtenances, which John de Lake, formerly bailiff of la Lekwiffe, had of my fee under Kanetone, in Sudcrofte. As also one penny rent from John, son of John Godman of Kaerdif, for three other acres in the same Sudcrofte under Kanetone." Richard de Kaneton was one of the witnesses to this charter. (Cartae I., p. 294.)
1899. An old messuage called the Manor House is still standing, on the west side of Canton Common. It is in the occupation of Mr. Richard Williams. The Common is in process of being converted into a public recreation ground.
MANOR OF PLASTURTON.
Plasturton was a farmhouse demolished 1895. It stood on the site of an ancient house near the Cowbridge Road and the Taff west bank, on the west side of the present Cathedral Road. "The Manor or Lordship of Placestourton, otherwise Glasspoole," was held by Bawdrip in the 17th century. It was in 1753 the subject of a Chancery suit in the family of Mathew of Llandaff. (Chanc. Proc. 1714—58. Winter, No. 592.) It is, however, doubtful whether Plasturton was actually a manor.
MANOR OF WHITCHURCH.
Whitchurch was called in Latin Album Monasterium ("Whitminster.") Its Welsh name is Eglwys-newydd (Newchurch). It is a parish adjoining that of Llandaff on the north, but was anciently only a chapelry under Llandaff. Most of the modern parish of Whitchurch is in Senghenydd Subtus, but a part is in Cibwr (Kibbor). The whole of the old "Album Monasterium" was in Senghenydd. The remains of the castle are near the old church. Whitchurch is a member of the great Lordship of Senghenydd, and not strictly a manor of itself. Parts of the modern parish are in adjoining manors.
1314. In an official document Whitchurch tower is spoken of as a "forcellettum" called Blankminster, "in nullo edificatum," with a mill and other profits thereunto appurtenant. It stood close to the chapel. The name Album Monasterium points to an early monastic establishment. A little to the south-east of Whitchurch, in Llandaff parish, is a farmhouse called Mynachdy ("the monastery"). This place, however, seems to have belonged to Llantarnam Abbey, and it is very doubtful whether the name "Album Monasterium" was derived from it.
1316. Griffithsmoor (q.v.) was held under Whitchurch. An account of the possessions late of Gilbert de Clare includes a "Compotus de exitibus Albi Monasterii," in which is mentioned (inter alia) "30s received from the pasturage of 60 acres of arable land in cultivation this year in Griffithesmor. And of 3s. received from the pasturage of 5½ acres of land in cultivation, beyond the water of Rempni. And of 6s. received from the pasturage of a certain 'hame' there." The same account shows that the Whitchurch mills were burnt in the war of Llewelyn Bren.
1550. The Particulars for the grant to Sir William Herbert mention, under the head of "Whitchurch," rents arising from a certain customary service called Commorth, at 4s. 1d., falling to our lord the king every other year to be paid by the tenants aforesaid." Cymorth was a Welsh custom, noticed in the introductory remarks.
1578. Rice Merrick says the old castle is so decayed "that scarce the Foundac'on and Rubbish appeareth. It is said that to it belonged a customary mannor in Whitchurch. But now, by what meanes I could not learn the certeinty, reputed a parcell of Seynghenith and annexed to it."
Rice Merrick says Yorath left four daughters, between whom the estate was divided. It is said that it soon came entirely into the hands of one son-in-law, Morys Vychan, and continued in his line until the sons of Ieuan ap Robert ap Morys Vychan sold it to David ap Jenkyn ap Ieuan ap David; whose sons parted with it to David ap Richard Gwyn, whose son Edward enjoyed the same in 1578. This account, however, is of doubtful authority.
MANOR OF PENARTH.
1189—1199. John, Earl of Mortaine (afterwards King) confirmed to the Augustine Canons (inter alia) "and by the gift of Osbert of Pennard the land of Pennard with its appurtenances and liberties." (Dugdale's Monasticon.)
1290. (c.) "The land of the lord of Pennarth" is mentioned in a charter by which Henry Worgan granted to William Wallot a messuage and 20 acres of arable land and wood, &c., lying at a place called Nordon within the fee of Pennarth. (Cartae I., p. 204; also II., p. 304.)
1291. (c.) Pope Nicholas' Taxation shews that the Abbot of St. Augustine's of Bristol had three ploughlands at Pennard, with rents of assize, and a dovecote. No doubt this was the manor. He also had the pasture of the Holms, not, however, part of the manor.
MANOR OF COGAN.
1307. John de Cogan held here one messuage and two ploughlands, by military service, rendering yearly at the feast of Saint Andrew 13s. 4d. "to the ward of the Castle of Kairdif." (I.P.M. of Joan de Clare).
1767. The manors of Dinaspowis, Landough East and Cogan (with other manors), were in the hands of William Hurst of Gabalva and Calvert Richard Jones of Swansea. They had married two ladies who had become entitled to the estates of this branch of the Herbert family.
MANOR OF COSMESTON.
This lordship, anciently called Costinston, comprises all Lavernock and a small part of Penarth parishes. It was one of the manors granted by King Edward VI. to Sir William Herbert. Lord Bute is the present lord.
MANOR OF LLANDOUGH.
1275. (c.) Walter Thorgot granted to William de Regni a messuage in Landoch, lying on the south side of the church of Saint Doguin, near the cemetery, to hold of the Abbot of Tewkesbury. (Cartae I., p. 182.) The de Reigny family purchased a large number of small holdings in Llandough and adjoining parishes about this time. Nearly 60 conveyances to them exist.
MANOR OF LECKWITH.
Circa 1179. Griffin, son of Ifor (bach), granted to Margam 100 acres of land in Lecwithe and certain fisheries "de Helei" (Ely). The deed expresses doubt as to his being able to warrant the title, and if he cannot the monks are to have lands in "Seinhenit" (Senghenydd). (Cartae III. p. 112.)
1242—62. Richard de Clare granted his manor of Leckwith to Nicholas de Sanford at the service of one fourth of a knight's fee. (Cartae I., p. 109.) Nicholas de Sanford afterwards granted it to his brother Lawrence (Cartae I., p. 117), and Lawrence granted it to Philip Basset. (Cartae I., p. 118.) However, at the time of the Extent of circa 1262 it was held by Fulk de Sanford. (Cartae I., p. 108.)
1550. Rusham Mead was in the occupation of Sir William Herbert as Constable and Chamberlain of Cardiff Castle, it being "parcel of the commoditie of his office, as sufficiently appears." (Ministers' Accounts.)
MANOR OF CAERAU.
MANOR OF BEGANSTON.
This name is equivalent to "Began's town," i.e., the residence of Pegan or Payne. The manor house was the old farm-house called Began or Beganston, between Leckwith and Caerau but in Llandaff parish. There was a chapel here before the Reformation. (Lib. Land.)
1699. For the dispute re tithes of the manor of Beganstone in the hamlet of Canton in the parish of Llandaff, see Exch. Dep. Glam. and Oxon., Trin. 11, Wm. III., 1. The parties were Jesus Coll., Oxon. v. James Jenkin. These papers also speak of "Beganstone farm or manor, now or late belonging to Jesus Coll., Oxon."
MANOR OF BEGANSLEY.
The demesne of this manor was situate on the Monmouthshire bank of the Rhymny, not far above Rumney Bridge, near Cardiff. The manor was held under the lords of Wentloog. The heiress married Kemeys, and the Kemeys family resided there previous to fixing their abode at Cefn Mabli.
MANOR OF RADYR.
1316. For "Radour" the Custodian "answereth nothing," in the Account from 1 October, 1315, to 20 April 1316; but in the Account from 20 April to 29 September, 4l. is accounted for as received for the "farm of Radur."
1596. The lordship belonged to the Earl of Pembroke. It had free and customary tenants and leases, with demesnes and copyhold lands for three lives; also a deer-park. (Abbreviate.) Rees Merrick (c. 1578) says of the Park of Radyr "now ended."
MANOR OF PENTYRCH.
It has for centuries been in the hands of the Lord of Miskyn, and has long been regarded as one manor with Clun, under the name of "Pentyrch and Clun." In the Miskyn Survey of 1638, "the said Jurors do present and say that all the Lordship and Manor of Pentyrch and Clun, being the Lord's Manor, doth extend and lie within this Manor of Miskin."
1317. Writ of the Escheator to deliver a share of Gilbert de Clare's lands to Hugh le Despenser mentions the "Hamlet" of "Pentyrgh." Pentyrch seems thenceforth to have remained continuously in the hands of the Chief Lord, and is mentioned in several Inquisitions.
MANOR OF WENTLOOG.
The manor or lordship of Wentloog (Y Waunllwch) seems to have embraced nearly the whole of the low country between the Rhymny and the Usk, besides a large hill district, and to have had under it the inferior manors which follow in these notes. It was the name of an ancient Cantrev mentioned in the Liber Landavensis under the name Gunliuiuc, which extended to the boundary of Brecknockshire.
MANOR OF ROMPNEY.
This seems to have embraced the parish of Rhymny or Rumney, in the angle between the estuary of the river Rhymny and the Bristol Channel. The manor was held under Wentloog, which was anciently parcel of the Lordship of Glamorgan and Morganwg, being within Morganwg though not within Glamorgan. "Rempni," as it was then styled, had in 1315 a Reeve and two Beadles. The lowlands of the manor were termed the Warth—now corruptly called the Wharf.
1295. In the Inquisition taken after the death of Gilbert de Clare, who died in this year, Wentloog is called a Comitatus or County. The jury was formed of six freemen of the "County," and six Burgesses of Newport. They deal with the town of Newport and the various manors in Wentloog.
1544. David Morgan Kemmys was Steward and Bailiff of the Lordship of Rompney in the Marches of Wales, from the time of the attainder of Thomas, Lord Cromwell, lately convict of high treason. (Augmt. Misc. 12.)
1545. See Exch. Dep. 36 Hy. 8 p. 65, d. Glam., for particulars concerning the manor of Rompney in the lordship of Newport, South Wales, formerly granted to Thomas, Earl of Essex, attainted; a moiety thereof being now leased to Gregory, Lord Cromwell.
1775. William Hugh of Rumney, yeoman, devised to his son John three acres of customary lands, commonly called Tair Erw'r Wall in the parish of Rumney, which descended to him as customary heir on the death of his brother Gibbon.
MANOR OF MANNOCKS HOLD.
This was a sub-manor within the royal manor of Rompney and parish of Rumney. Part of it anciently belonged to certain chapels and chantries. In 1610 it was described as forty acres of land and seven "coveries," called Mallocks Hold in the parish of Rompney. Edward Kemeys was a tenant. William Morgan was the Steward. See Exch. Dep. 9 Jac. 1, 1610, for particulars of the customs of the manor of Mannocks Hould. The youngest son inherited. The manor comprised "inground," and "wharf" or warth, the latter being the lands by the Severn shore.