Cardiff Records: Volume 5. Originally published by Cardiff Records Committee, Cardiff, 1905.
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CHAPTER V. Documentary Addenda.
By the kindness of Mr. George E. Robinson, I am enabled to print an additional document from the Particulars of Augmentation Grants, of the reign of Edward VI. It contains some interesting references to the parish churches of Saint Mary and Saint John in the town of Cardiff, their ministers and services in Catholic times.
Our next document is a Deed Poll by Thomas Jenkins, assigning to Christopher Hengod the Lease of a bakehouse, yard and garden in Saint John Street (now Church Street), Cardiff. These were the premises afterwards given by Alderman James Gale to the Town of Cardiff, for an almshouse. Full particulars will be found ante, Vol. IV., pp. 102, 139, 141. The witnesses to this deed are noteworthy persons who appear elsewhere in our Records, Gabriel Lewis being a cadet of the family of Lewis of Llanishen, and Edward Jordan the Collector of the Port.
The third and fourth documents are by way of addenda to our Records of the Custom House. The Port Surveyor in 1750 begs the Collector and Comptroller to represent to the Revenue Commissioners the advisability of purchasing a certain public house at Penarth, near the place where the King's boat was moored. It does not seem that this request was complied with, as the house retained its licence until it was pulled down, about the year 1880. It was known as the Penarth Head Inn, and was a picturesque old house on the beach, at the corner where the road comes down hill towards the pier. This was the house which was reported to be used by smugglers in 1738. (Vol. II., p. 385.)
Messrs. Jenkin and Rosser, glaziers, who flourished at Cardiff in 1763, were no more believers in free trade than their contemporaries. Edward Jones was a member of the same craft as themselves, but had secured the responsible post of Comptroller in the Customs. To the indignation of Jenkin and Rosser, he nevertheless continued to glaze people's windows. This intolerable wrong was the subject of the burning appeal addressed to the Board of Customs by the outraged victims.
In the age, which now seems so remote, when steam transit was not, and a journey from one county to the next was often an achievement to be boasted of, markets and fairs possessed an economic importance which is no longer theirs in this progressive era. The annual fair was then an event of the greatest importance to the town, bringing in strangers from distant places, with strange goods of all descriptions. During the duration of this mart, the ordinary life of the town was exchanged for days of turmoil and excitement. Disputes would arise between buyer and seller, and outlandish knaves would pick pockets and pass bad money. All these unwonted difficulties called for prompt redress on the part of judicial authority; and it was found in the Court of Piepowder (Cour de Pie-poudre), wherein justice might be done while the boots of the parties were yet white with the dust of the highway. The Court was holden before the two Bailiffs, and suitors were summoned by the triple cry of Oyez! Ancient as was the Court of Piepowder, its records are rare and of late date, probably because they were kept on detached sheets of paper instead of in a book. The Piepowder papers belonging to the Cardiff Corporation are merely records of the holding of the Court, with the names of the officials and the Burgesses for the year. I have selected the record for 1824.
The petition, dated in 1852, of the inhabitants of Baker's Square, seemed worthy of inclusion on account of its vivid presentment of the state of things which then existed in an ancient thoroughfare which has lately been effaced from the map of Cardiff through the erection of Messrs. Morgan's huge premises and the Morgan Arcade. It is addressed to the Surveyor of the Local Board of Health, whose functions were long ago merged in those of the Borough Council.
I. R. O. Particulars of Augmentation Grants.
Burgage in High Street, in the hands of John David Roberts and others, given with other premises, in feoffment, "to the entent to fynde two priests for the Chantry in the Quiere of Or Lady, commonly called St. Marie's Church."
"Morer we do prsent that in the seide Church of Seint Johns was accustomably used in tyme owte of all memorie vntill the taking away of the lands foresaide by force of the Statute made in A?o primo Edwrdi Sexti these services following: The Curat att the High Altar upon the Vicarie of Saint Maries in the seid town dischargg a priest daily celebrating att Our Lady Altar. A prist daylie celebrating at Sainte Katherines Alter. A Prist dayly Celebrating att Trinity Alter. A prist dayly celebrating att Saint James' Alter. The Sondays and holy days allway sruice by note and a Masse of or Lady wykely at the alter of our Lady foreseide by note, Mondays, Wensdays & Frydays. The Chardges off the Ministers attending abowt the seid Srvice over and above the rents off the foresaide lands there prtaining to the seid church was borne yerely by contribucion emonste the prshnrs of seid prishe."
Go all trew Christian people to whome this my present deede of Assignation shall come I Thomas Iinckin of Cardyffe in the Countie of Glamorga? yeoman doe send greeting in our lord god eu'lastinge Knowe yee that I the said Thomas Iinckin haue and doe by theise presents for and in Considerac'on of the some of xxvli. of lawfull money of England to mee paide vppon the last daie of Maye being the daie of the date hereof By Christopher hengod of the Towne of Cardiffe Aforesaide Cordyner according to the true meaneinge of an order taken before the lord president and other the kings Mats Councell in the marches of Wales at Ludlowe the viijth daie of Aprill last past before the date hereof deliur vpp to the said Christopher hengod one lease and assignmt and all other bands and writings w[hi]ch I haue touching or Concerninge one Messuage or tenemt conteyning Abakhowse w[i]th A curtelage and a garden lyeing in St Jones streete in the Towne of Cardyff in the Countie of Glamorgan afforesaide and mencioned in the said Order And also doe by theise p'nts assigne and graunte ouer to the said Christopher his executors and administrators the said lease and premisses and all my right title interest and estate therein According to the true meaneing of the said Order Sealed w[i]th my Seale Dated the last daie of Maye in the yeares of the Raigne of our Soueraigne lord James by ye grace of god of England Scotland ffraunce and Ireland King Defender of the ffaieth &c. (vizt) of his Raigne of England ffraunce and Ireland the sixt and of Scotland the one and ffortithe 1608.
To ye Collr & Compr (fn. 1) of the port of Cardiff.
1st You both very well know that Rowd Vaughan & Willm Mathews boatmen live at above a Mile distant from each other there being not a ° (fn. 2) between them
2d That Rowland Vaughan lives at about a Mile distant from where the Ks (fn. 3) Boat is moord w[hi]ch is called Ely river adjoining Pennarth
4th That there is one house within 200 yds of the place where ye Ks Boat is moord w[hi]ch house is in the p'sh of Pennarth & have been formerly an Aleh° but at May next Will become Vacant w[hi]ch house rents for 3£ p'r Ann'
3d It will be of great Service to the poor officers to keep ym from the Inclemancy of the weather who when it rains or Blows have no shelter to go to for an Ill natured Lanlord can deny them admittance if he please w[hi]ch have been ye case before now.
Wee John Jenkin & Isaac Rosser of the Town of Cardiffe in the County of Glamorgan Glaziers Humble Petitioners to your Honours in behalf of our Selves & families Depending on your Honrs Clemency in hopes of having our wrongs Redress'd which have been Infring'd by one Edwd Jones, by Trade a Glazier but now in the office of a Comptr in his Majesty's Customs in the Port of Cardiffe, from which he reaps a sufficient Compentency for himself & Families, yet notwithstanding this he Carrys on his Trade as usual to the great Detriment of us unless assisted by your honours who haveing to Sustain us but our Trade; Wee therefore humbly Submitt our Selves Relying on your Honours assistance in hopes of having a Stop put to his proceedings: wee rest as in duty bound
At a Court of Pie Powder held this Twenty ninth day of June in the Fifth year of the Reign of our Sovereign Lord George the Fourth by the Grace of God of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and in the Year of our Lord One Thousand eight Hundred and Twenty four Before William Prichard and John Bird Esquires Bailiffs of the said Town.
All manner of Persons that have any thing to do or any Complaint to make at his Majesty's Court of Pie Powder to be held during the Continuance of this fair let them draw near and they shall be heard.
We the undersigned Owners and Occupiers of Houses in Bakers Square in the Town of Cardiff beg most respectfully to state the disadvantage we are under for want of a Public Lamp. We are paying for Light, and have none, and are often annoyed by persons of the lowest Class meeting about the Square after dark in consequence. Their Actions and Language is most disgraceful and which we believe would not be the case if a Lamp was placed in the Square, which would expose the Parties, and thereby do away with the Nuisance complained of. Trusting you will be pleased to lay our grievance before Your Honorable Board for their consideration, who will we hope be pleased to make an Order, for the remedy solicited.