Journal of the House of Commons: Volume 2, 1640-1643. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1802.
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Sabbati, 19 Feb. 1641.
Answer to the King's Message.
Ordered, That the Printing of a Letter pretended to be sent by Mr. Speaker to the King's Majesty, be referred to the Committee for Printing: And they are to think of some Way how, by the Example of some notorious Delinquents in this kind, others may be deterred from this inordinate and insufferable Licentiousness of Printing: And Thomas, for whom it appears it was printed, is ordered to be summoned to appear before that Committee.
Kirby's, &c. Petition.
It is Ordered, that the Committee for the Fens be revived, as to this Petition; and that this Petition be referred to that Committee: And that they do consider of the Reasons that the Petitioners are able to give, why the Actions should be stayed, and the Rents due and to be due, deposited in some indifferent Hands; and to present them to the House: They are likewise to consider the Petition, upon the whole Merits of the Cause: And are to meet upon it, on Thursday next, in the Exchequer-cham-ber; and to proceed therein with what Speed they can.
Trial of the Bishops.
The Lords have commanded us to acquaint this House, that the Twelve Bishops impeached are come; and that the Lords are ready to enter upon the Matter of Trial; and do expect, that this House should send some of their Members to manage the Business against them.
The Lords have commanded us to acquaint this House, that upon the humble Petition of the Lord Viscount Mountague to the King's Majesty, that he might have Liberty to travel beyond Seas, for his Health; which the King has consented unto; and the Lords do approve of it: But, in regard there is a Bill depending here, concerning the Securing the Persons of Recusants; they thought fit to acquaint this House, what they had resolved upon.
They were called in again: And Mr. Speaker told them, "That the House had read the Petition, and considered of the Particulars; some already addressed; the rest they will endeavour to give them Satisfaction in, with all speed: And for your Affections to the Publick, and to this House in particular, they had commanded him to return them Thanks."
Answer to King's Message.
Mr. Pym brings Answer. That he had delivered the Answer to the King's Message; and acquainted them, that they had agreed to send the Transcripts of the Three Letters to his Majesty: The Lords agree in all; and have appointed the Earl of Leicester to wait upon his Majesty with them.
Ordered, That Mr. Strode and Mr. Morley shall go to the Lord Marquis Hamilton, and desire him, from this House, that he forbear to grant any Licence for the Transporting any Horses, in these Times of Danger.
Ordered, That this House holds it fit, that there should be a Restraint of transporting any Horses out of the Kingdom, until his Majesty be moved: And that the Lords be moved to join with this House to petition his Majesty for such a Restraint.
Report to be made.
Ld. Castleton's Estate.
2da vice lecta est Billa, An Act to enable the Trustees of the Lord Viscount Castleton to sell certain Lands; and, upon Question, committed unto Sir Anth. Irby, Mr. Strode, Mr. Peard, Sir Sydney Montague, Sir Tho. Hutchinson, Sir Edw. Hales, Sir Edw. Partheriche, Sir Jo. Evelyn, Mr. Goodwyn, Sir Symonds D'Ewes, Sir Arth. Ingram, Mr. Cage, Mr. Rolle, the Knights and Burgesses of Lincolneshire and Nott:' And they are to meet, on Friday next, in the Court of Wards: And have Power to send for Parties, Witnesses, &c.; and to inform themselves of the State of the Business: And
Resolved, That the Committee for scandalous Ministers be revived; to meet on Tuesday, at Eight of Clock, in the Court of Wards: And that the Bill concerning scandalous Ministers be reported on Friday Morning next, at Ten of Clock: And that this Committee shall have Power to consider of some Expedient, and to offer it to the House, how some such Course may be taken, how those scandalous Ministers, that are here complained of, may not be preferred to any Livings.
Whitledge's Petition, &c.
It is Ordered, That this Petition, and the Articles, be referred to the Judge of the Assize that is to sit at Gloucester, to examine the Truth of this Business, and certify it to this House, from Gloucester: And he is required to use great Care in the Examination of this Business.
Seizure of Wools.
It is Ordered, That the Searcher that seized these Wools shall be directed to proceed in the Exchequer, upon the Seizure of these Wools, as upon Goods uncustomed and forfeited: And that the Committee for the Customers examine the Abuse of the Passing of these Wools here, in the Port of London; and who were in the Fault; and to consider of some Course to prevent the Exportation of English, Irish, or Scottch Wools; and do examine and prevent the Abuse of the Bills of Store.
Mr. Ward, the Searcher, was called in: And Mr. Speaker told him, "That the House had read his Petition; and approve well of his Care herein: And give him Order to continue his Care herein: and that he bring in to the Committee the Bill of Store by which those Wools past."
St. Ives Lecturer.
Ordered, That Mr. Downhall, the Vicar of St. Ives, and the Curate of the said Town, be injoined by this House, to admit Mr. Job Tookey, to be Lecturer there, according to the Desires of divers of the Parishioners.
1a vice lecta est Billa, An Act for confirming the Offices of Package, Scavage, Baillage, and Portage, of the Merchandize, and of Merchant Strangers, and their Sons of the first Descent, to the Mayor and Commonalty of the City of London.
The humble Petition of Rodolphe Warcupp Esquire, to be relieved against the Action of Wotton, that sued him at the Law for a Distress taken by him when he was Sheriff, for assessing the Ship-money, (for which Business the said Wotton likewise preferred, formerly, a Petition to this House) was read; and nothing done upon it.
York Poll-money, &c.
Ordered, That the Lord Mayor of the City of Yorke shall pay unto such Person or Persons as shall be agreed upon and appointed by the Sheriff and Justices of Peace for the County of Yorke, and the County of the City of Yorke, the Sum of Seven thousand Eight hundred and Fifty Pounds, being part of that Money which is now remaining at Yorke upon the Poll-bill; to be distributed to the several Inhabitants of the County of Yorke, and of the County of the City of Yorke, in Discharge of Part of the Billet-money due unto the several Inhabitants aforesaid: For which this shall be a sufficient Discharge to the said Lord Mayor, and to the Commissioners appointed by the said Act.
Ordered, That the Lord Mayor of the City of Yorke shall pay unto Sir William Lambton, Sir Thomas Riddell, Sir Geo. Van, Knights, and Tho. Davison Esquire, (intrusted in that Behalf, by the County of Durham) or to their Assigns, the Sum of One thousand Pounds, being Part of that Money which is now remaining at Yorke upon the Poll-bill; to be distributed by them, to the several Inhabitants of the said County of Durham respectively interested in Discharge of so much of the Monies due to them by the Scotts Army, amounting to the Sum of Twenty-six thousand Six-hundred and Sixtythree Pounds Thirteen Shillings and Ten-pence; and undertaken for by this House: For which this shall be a sufficient Discharge to the said Lord Mayor, and the Commissioners by the said Act.
Payment to Morewood.
Ordered, That the Sum of Four hundred Thirty-two Pounds shall be paid unto Gilbert Morewood, Merchant, for Forty Ton of Lead bought of him, out of the Remainder of the Fifty thousand Pounds lent by the City of London for the Affairs of Ireland, in lieu of the Bullet formerly ordered by this House to be delivered unto the Scotts out of the Tower.
Scotch Forces, &c.
Ordered, That the Remainder of the Thirty thousand Pounds lent by the Merchant Adventurers, shall be employed to these Uses, viz. Two thousand Five hundred Pounds, for the Baggage Horses allotted to the Scotts; One thousand Two hundred Pounds, for raising the Guard for the Scotts General; and the Residue of the said Thirty thousand Pounds, to be employed, upon Account, towards the Payment of the Scotts Soldiers; and shall be paid into the Hands of Mr. Fienis, Sir Wm. Armyn, Sir Philip Stapilton, and Mr. Hampden: And that Acquittances under their Hands shall be a sufficient Discharge.
Arms, &c. for Ireland.
Ordered, That according to the Warrants issued out by the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, Sir John Hotham shall permit so many Arms to be carried out of the Magazine at Hull to Chester, for the Service of Ireland, as shall be contained in those Warrants: And that the Lords be moved to join in this Order.
Impeachment of the Bishops.
Ordered, That Sir Jo. Evelyn, Sir Jo. Hotham, Mr. Bence, Mr. Jennour, Mr. Vussall, and Mr. Rolle, shall view the Ship of Salt-petre that is informed is now come in; and report to the House what they conceive the Value of it to be.
Answer from the King.
HIS Majesty having received a Draught for an Ordinance of Parliament, by the Hands of the Earl of Stampford, the Lord Gray of Ruthen, Sir Edw. Alford, Sir Hugh Owen, Sir Roger Burgoine, Knights, and Edw. Dunch Esquire, for the present gives this Answer:
That, it being a Business of the highest Importance, not only for the Kingdom in general, but also for his Majesty's Regal Authority, He thinks it most necessary to take some Time for Advisement thereupon; and therefore He cannot promise a positive Answer, until His Majesty shall return; which He intends to do as soon as He shall have put His dearest Consort the Queen, and His dear Daughter the Princess Mary, a Ship-board, for their Transportation to Holland.
Proceedings against Ld. Digby.
Sir Jo. Evelyn reports from the Committee appointed concerning the Lord Digbye, First, That, upon the whole Matter, the Committee do observe this Lord to have made a strange Progress of inveterate Malice against this House, and the whole Commonwealth. - At the first, be pretended, Service to this House, that he might be the better able to do it a Disservice: That being discovered, he fell into open and scandalous Actions against this House: 1. In endeavouring to make us odious for not excusing a Traitor, the Earl of Straford; and now making us Traitors, to excuse Himself, as by his Letter to Sir Lewis Dives appears.- He was the Man that was so active in the House of Peers to make this no free Parliament: Presently after which Motion of his, fell out that high Breach of Privilege of Parliament, 4 Januarii 1641.- This Lord, after That, appeareth among the Cavaliers at Kingston; and assumes unto himself, to give them Thanks in his Majesty's Name; and promised Satisfaction to as many as appeared mounted for his Majesty's Service: After this House had voted Those Enemies to the State that had a hand in these great Breaches of Privilege; and he being summoned to attend the House of Peers, fled.
1. Opinion of the Committee That the Lord Digbie hath endeavoured to persuade the King to levy Forces against the Subjects of this Kingdom: And for Proof hereof, Lieutenant Geo. Okes;- who saith, These Cavaliers were in Two Brigades, and in constant Pay.- Sir Hugh Persons deposeth, That the Lord Digby, in the Name of the King, gave these Cavaliers Thanks for appearing in his Majesty's Service - Serjeant Major Gibbs saith, The Lord Digby said to these Persons at Kingston, "The King came from London to save them from being trampled in the Dirt:" And the like Testimony was given by a Gentleman at the Bar. - Mr. James doth testify, That these Cavaliers that did maintain themselves for Three Weeks, should have large Conditions, and be a Guard to the King for ever after.- There was seized, by Order of Parliament, a Waggon of the Lord Digbie's; where in there was Thirty-eight Cases of Pistols, Powder and Bullet, and Great Saddles, &c. which, for a time, followed these-Cavaliers.
2. The Committee is of Opinion, That the Lord Digby hath laboured to raise a Jealousy between the King and his People; and to possess his Majesty that he cannot live safely amongst them. For the Proof of this, Mr. Okes: - Mr. James: - And then his own Letters out of Holland; wherein he first scandalizeth the Parliament, calling them "Traitors that bear the Sway:" By which must be meant the Parliament; for, next to the King, the Parliament beareth the greatest Authority. They observe likewise, out of those Letters, that he hath persuaded the King to retire to a Place of a Strength, to protect his Servants; where the Words are, "If the King declare himself, and betake himself to a Place of Strength where he may protect his Servants, I shall serve the King as well from hence as from any Part of England, over and above the Service I may do him here." - Then his Expression, "That if the King betake himself to a Way of Accommodation, by His Absence, it will be for the King's Advantage," &c. By which Letters he doth absolutely scandalize the Person of the King.
Mr. Chancellor of the Exchequer is appointed to go to his Majesty, with the Answer of both Houses to the King's Message concerning the Letters written by the Lord Digby, in the Stead of Mr. Waller, formerly chosen, and not able to go, by Indisposition of Health.
Persons stayed at Chester.
Sir Tho. Smyth presented the Desires of the City of Chester, to have the like Order from this House as was made by the Lords, concerning such as should be stayed there upon any Suspicion touching the Affairs of Ireland, and sent for up to the Parliament: And the House, thereupon,
Ordered, That such as were now in Custody at West Chester, upon Suspicion, touching the Affairs of the Kingdom of Ireland, and any others hereafter that shall be apprehended there, in the like kind, shall be, by the Mayor and Sheriff of the County of the City of Chester, delivered over unto the Sheriff of the County Palatine of Chester; and so from Sheriff to Sheriff, until they shall be presented unto the Commons assembled in Parliament: And this shall be a sufficient Warrant in that Behalf.
Ordered, That Mr. Pym shall acquaint the Lord Admiral with the Offer of a Merchantman, that is ready to set to Sea, and is to pass the Narrow Seas, who will do his Endeavour to take the Arms and Ammunition coming from Duynkirke and bound for Ireland, if he may have them for his Recompence.
Declaration concerning Grievances.
WE Your Majesty's most humble and loyal Subjects the Lords and Commons, in this present Parliament assembled, do hereby call God, this Kingdom, and the whole World to witness, that we have, ever since our first Meeting in the Parliament, with Fidelity to your Majesty and the State, with much Patience and Constancy, in respect of the great Affronts and Interruptions, the pernicious Plots and Attempts wherewith we have been encountered, distracted, and opposed, employ our Counsels and Endeavours to maintain God's true Religion, the Honour and Rights of Your Crown, the Peace and Safety of Your Royal Person and Your Kingdoms, the just Liberties of Your People; that so we might ease them of their great Grievances, and prevent the Fears and Dangers, yea, the imminent Ruin and Destruction which hath been contrived and fostered, not only in Your Court, but even very near Your own Person: And however our Liberties have been invaded, many of our Lives endangered, and such Attempts made upon us, as might have subverted the very Being of Parliaments; yet we have so kept ourselves within the Bounds of Modesty and Duty, and we have given no just Occasion of Your Majesty's Absence at this Time, nor of any Offence or Displeasure to the Queen's Majesty; but notwithstanding our manifold Experience past, and present Sense and Apprehension of those Principles destructive to this Church and State, with which That Religion Her Majesty professeth doth abound, have ever been careful of the Honour and Safety due to her Majesty's Person; and so intend to continue for the Time to come.
And we most humbly beseech Your Majesty with Wisdom and Compassion to behold the miserable perishing Condition of all Your Kingdoms; the full Accomplishment whereof seems impossible to be avoided, unless You will be graciously pleased to join seriously and thoroughly with Your Parliament, in removing the Causes, and applying the most powerful and sovereign Remedies of those Evils and Distempers which have long held this Kingdom in a languishing Estate, and now brought it even to the last Gasp and Period of Destruction: For Prevention whereof, according to the Trust reposed in us, we are bold, in all Humility and Faithfulness, to present some of those Causes and Remedies to your Princely View and Consideration.
1. The evil Council about Your Majesty and the Queen, continually acting and disposing all Occurrences of State, and abusing Your Majesty's Power and Authority to the Prejudice of Religion, the Hazard of the publick Peace, the Interruption of the Parliament, the Strengthening a malignant Party within the Kingdom, the Raising and Fomenting Jealousies and Discontents betwixt Your Majesty, Your Parliament, and other loyal Subjects:
2. The Priests, Jesuits, Papists, both Foreign and Native, and other dangerous and ill-affected Persons, have had so great an Interest in the Affections, and powerful Influence upon the Counsels, of the Queen; and that Her Majesty hath been admitted to intermeddle with the Great Affairs of State; with the Disposing Places and Preferments, even of highest Concernment in the Kingdom; which being conferred by her Mediation, thereby not only many of those who are of great Power and Authority, but divers active Spirits, ambitious of publick Employment, have their Dependence upon Her, and are engaged to favour and advance those Aims and Designs which are infused into Her Majesty upon Grounds of Conscience, which is the strongest Bond either to Good or Evil:
3. The great Encouragement of Popery; the publick Exercise of that Religion in Whitehall, Somersett-house, and other Places; the Establishing of a Popish Hierarchy; the Settling a College of Capuchins within the Realm; the free and frequent Conventions and Consultations of Papists; the Multitude of English Youth, of both Sexes, bred in the Colleges and Religious Houses beyond the Seas, and those Popish Schools which, by the Connivance and Favour of the Time, have been set up and permitted within this Kingdom:
Declaration concerning Grievances.
6. The Votes of the Popish Lords in the House of Peers; whereby the great Work of Reformation in the Government in the Church and State hath been and may yet be very much hindered, and the malignant Party of the Kingdom strengthened and protected:
7. The Countenance and Protection which hath been offered to many great and dangerous Delinquents; the Preferments of such as have adhered to them; and the Displeasure shewed against those who have been used and employed as Witnesses in the Trial and Prosecution of them:
10. The preferring Men to Degrees of Honour, to Offices, and other Employments of Trust, and Displacing other, in time of Parliament, without the Consent of that great and faithful Council; whereby covetous and ambitious Spirits are apt to be biassed to those Courses which lead to their own Preferment; and others, more ingenuous and upright, are awed and streightened in the Performance of their Duties:
11. The Selling of Places of Judicature, of Offices of Trust in Courts of Justice, of the Degrees of Serjeants at Law; and of the Charge and Custody of the Castles and Forts of the Kingdom, whereby insufficient, corrupt, and unworthy Persons are often preferred; who being obnoxious to Censure and Punishment, are engaged, for their own Security, to be pliant and serviceable to any evil Designs; Oppression, Bribery, and Extortion, are cherished and increased; Your Majesty's Service, the Safety, Honour, and Government of the Kingdom neglected; and these Places and Employments of Trust, which, in the Frame and Constitution of the Commonwealth, were intended for the general Good and Service of the Kingdom, are, for the most Part, by the Study and Endeavour of those that enjoy them, improved to the Satisfaction of their own Covetousness, Ambition, or other private Ends; and made burthensome and hurtful to the Publick, by obstructing or perverting the Ways of Justice:
12. The secret and false Informations and Accusations received against divers Members of the Parliament; whereby they have been much endangered and prejudiced in the Favour and Apprehension of your Majesty, and the Queen; and, by concealing the Informers, have been left without Means to acquit and defend themselves.
1. That Lords and others of Your Majesty's Privy Council, and all other Persons employed in great Offices of State and Government, either at Home or beyond the Seas, may be put from Your Privy Council, and from those Offices and Employments, excepting such as have Offices by Inheritance; and that such Parties shall be put in those Places and Employments, as shall be recommended to Your Majesty, by Advice of both Houses of Parliament: And that all Privy Counsellors shall take an Oath for the due Execution of their Places, in such Form as shall be agreed upon by Parliament: And that such of those Counsellors and great Officers as shall be so displaced, and not recommended as aforesaid, and whose Names shall be presented by both Houses of Parliament, shall not have Access to the Persons, or Courts, of the King or Queen's Majesty.
2. That all Priests, Jesuits, and Papists, as likewise all other dangerous and ill-affected Persons, though professing the Protestant Religion, may be removed from the Queen's Person, and from having any Office or Employment under Her: And that all Her Majesty's Servants whatsoever shall take an Oath, to be devised and enacted by Parliament, that he or she will not, at any time, directly or indirectly, by him or herself, or any other, move, petition, or solicit Her Majesty, in any Matter, concerning the State and Government of the Kingdom; or concerning any Favour or Immunity, to be conferred upon any Papist, against the Laws; or for any Honour, Preferment, or Employment, of any Person whatsoever.
3. That your Majesty will be graciously pleased to remove from about the Royal Persons of your Majesty and the Queen, and from both Your Courts, Mr. William Murrey, and Mr. Endemion Porter, both which are of Your Bed-chamber, Sir John Wintour, Secretary to the Queen's Majesty, and Mr. Wm. Crofts; being all Persons of evil Fame, as disaffected to the publick Peace and Propriety of the Kingdom; and Instruments of Jealousy Discontent, and Misunderstanding, betwixt Your Majesty and Your Parliament; and busy Promoters of those Mischiefs and Grievances, which have produced the great Dangers, Distempers, and Fears, wherewith all Your Kingdoms have been, and still are, miserably distracted and perplexed.
4. That Your Majesty will be pleased not to entertain any Advice or Mediation from the Queen, in Matters of Religion, or concerning the Government of any of Your Majesty's Dominions, or for the Placing or Displacing of any great Officers, Counsellors, Ambassadors, or Agents, beyond the Sea, or any of Your Majesty's Servants attending Your Royal Person, either in Your Bed-chamber or Privy Chamber, or attending the Person of the Prince, or any of the Royal Issue, after they shall attain to the Age of Five Years.
5. That, for the further Securing the Kingdom in this behalf, being a Matter of such great Importance for the Preservation of Religion, and the Safety of the Kingdom, the Queen will be pleased to take a solemn Oath in the Presence of both Houses of Parliament, the Form whereof is to be agreed in Parliament, That She will not hereafter give any Counsel or use any Mediation to his Majesty, concerning the Disposition of any Offices or Places above mentioned, or at all intermeddle in any of the Affairs of State, or Government of the Kingdom.
6. That all the great Officers and Counsellors, and such other as shall be employed in any of the Places aforementioned, shall take a solomn Oath, in such Manner and Form as shall be prescribed by Parliament, That they have not made use of any Power or Mediation of the Queen, directly or indirectly, for their Preferment in obtaining any such Place or Employment.
7. That the great Affairs of the Kingdom may not be concluded or transacted by the Advice of private Men, or by any unknown or unsworn Counsellors; but that such Matters as concern the Publick, and are proper for Your Majesty's Privy Council, shall be debated and concluded by such of the Nobility and others as shall be recommended to that Place of Parliament: And such other Matters of State as are proper for the High Court of Parliament, which is your Majesty's great and supreme Council, shall be debated, dissolved, and transacted only in Parliament, and not elsewhere: And such as shall presume to do any thing to the contrary, shall be reserved to the Censure and Judgment of Parliament.
8. That no Person whatsoever, under the Penalty of High Treason (to be enacted by Parliament) shall presume to make, entertain, solicit, or further, any Proposition or Treaty, for the Marriage of any the King's Children, with any Prince, or Person, of the Popish Religion; and that no Marriage for any of the King's Children may be concluded with any other Prince, or Person whatsoever, without the Consent and Advice of both Houses of Parliament.
9. That none of the King's Children, except the Princess Mary, already affianced, may, at any time, go beyond the Seas, without the Consent of both Houses of Parliament; and that no Person, under the Penalty of High Treason, to be enacted by Parliament, shall advise, assist, or attend any of his Majesty's Children, in any such Voyage beyond the Seas, without the like Consent of both Houses of Parliament.
11. That no Mass, or Popish Service, be sung or said in the Courts of the King, Queen, Prince, or in the House of any Subject in this Kingdom, and that none of Your Majesty's Subjects, or Servants to Your Majesty, the Queen, or any of Your Children, be present at Mass, or any other Service of the Church of Rome, in any Place whatsoever, under the Penalty of losing his Office and Service, over and above the other Penalty already injoined by Law.
12. That some more effectual Courses may be enacted, by Authority of Parliament, for the better Execution of the Laws against the Papists, for preventing of feigned Conformity, and disabling them from making any Disturbance in the State.
14. That a due Reformation may be made of the Church Government and Liturgy, by the Parliament; and an able preaching Ministry established in all Parts of this Kingdom: To which Purpose they intend to be assisted with the Advice of such godly and learned Divines as shall be agreed upon by both Houses of Parliament.
15. That it may be established by Act of Parliament, that no Person shall incur any Penalties or Punishments, for any Omission of the Ceremonies in the Liturgy and Rubrick, until the intended Reformation be made by Parliament; and that such Ceremonies as are not established by Law may forthwith be wholly taken away.
16. That such Delinquents as stand charged in Parliaments for any Offences against the Peace and Liberty of the Kingdom, or Privilege of Parliament, may be left to the Course of Justice; and such as have or shall fly out of the Kingdom, upon any such Charge, shall be subject to such Penalties and Forfeitures as shall be agreed on and imposed by Bill in both Houses of Parliament.
17. That such Persons as shall be declared in Parliament to adhere to any such Delinquents, and have thereupon received any Preferment from Your Majesty, shall be removed from those Preferments; and that such as shall be declared by both Houses of Parliament to have been employed or used as Witnesses against Delinquents, and have thereupon fallen into Your Majesty's Displeasure, and been put out of their Places, shall be restored to their Places, and to Your Majesty's Favour.
18. That every Person, which, being a Member of the House of Commons in this present Parliament, hath there been accused for any Offence against that House; and, That Accusation depending, hath been called up to the House of Lords, in the Quality of a Peer; shall, by Act of Parliament, be put out of the House; and that hereafter no Member of the House of Commons, except in case of Descent, may, without their Consent, be called up to be a Peer in the Lords House.
20. That those Members of the House of Commons who have this Parliament been called to the House of Peers, except in case of Descent, may be excluded from giving their Votes in the House of Peers, unless both Houses of Parliament shall assent thereunto.
21. That no Member of either House of Parliament may be preferred, or displaced, sitting the Parliament, to or from any Office in the Court of the King, Queen, or Prince, or about any of the King's Children, or publick Place of Trust in the Commonwealth, or to or from the Benefit of such Places, without Consent of that House whereof such Person shall be a Member.
22. That such Person of either House of Parliament as have been preferred to any such Offices, or Places, during this Parliament, may be put out of those Offices, and Places; and that those Members of either House of Parliament, who, during this Parliament, have been put out of any such Offices or Places, or the Benefit thereof, may be restored again to those Places and Offices, and to the Benefits thereof, upon Petition of that House whereof they are Members.
23. That no Office or Employment concerning the Justice and Government of the Kingdom, or Your own Revenue, or Degree of Serjeant at Law, or Custody of any Fort or Castle, or Places of Trust, be sold or bestowed, for Money, to be paid to Your Majesty's Use, or the Use or Benefit of any of Your Servants, or any other; and that it be declared in Parliament to be a Breach of Trust and Duty, both to Your Majesty and the Commonwealth, in any of those who, under Your Majesty, shall have the Bestowing of any such Places, to take Money for the same, either directly or indirectly, by himself or others; and that the Laws in Force against the Selling of Offices, be duly observed for the time to come; and the Penalties thereby incurred not to be discharged by any Non obstante or Dispensation; but that Men be preferred to such Places for their Ability, Merit, Experience, and other publick Respects; and the People eased of excessive Fees, unnecessary Delays; and the Proceedings of Justice made more easy, certain and indifferent, than of late they have been.
24. That Your Majesty will be pleased to discover the Names of those Persons who advised Your Majesty to issue out Warrants for the Sealing of the Chambers and Studies of the Lord Kimbolton, or of any Member of the House of Commons; and to send a Serjeant at Arms to the House of Commons, to demand some of their Members; to issue out several Warrants, under Your Majesty's own Hands, to apprehend those Members; Your Majesty coming thither, in Your own Royal Person; the Setting forth a printed Paper, in the Form of a Proclamation, to apprehend those Members; the Exhibiting of Articles of Treason, in the Lords House, against these Members; and who advised and contrived those Articles, or informed Your Majesty of the Matters therein contained.
25. That Your Majesty will be pleased, according to Law, not to receive any private Informations, or Suggestions, against any Members of Parliament, for Things done in Parliament; and that you will be pleased to discover the Names of those Persons who have given, or shall give, any such private Informations or Suggestions to Your Majesty, upon the humble Petition of the respective Houses of Parliament, against whose Members any such private Informations or Suggestions have been or shall be given; and that You would be pleased to make a publick Declaration and Promise in Parliament to that Purpose.
These Things being obtained and confirmed by Your Majesty's Princely Favour and Goodness, they humbly conceive, that, through the Blessing of God, it will be an assured and effectual Means to remove all Jealousies and Distractions betwixt Your Majesty and Your People, and to establish Your Royal Throne upon the sure Foundation of their Love and Confidence; and thereupon Your dutiful and loyal Subjects shall most cheerfully address themselves, with their Lives and Fortunes, to maintain and defend Your Sacred Person, Your Royal Power and Authority, and, in a Parliamentary Way, to support and supply Your Majesty, in so free and large a Manner, as may make You as great and happy a Prince as any of Your most renowned Ancestors; and, upon all Occasions, they shall be ready to use their utmost and most faithful Endeavours, that Your Majesty, Your Royal Queen, and Princely Issue, may enjoy all Honour, Happiness, and Contentment, in the midst of an humble, obedient, and affectionate People; whereby a hopeful Way will be opened for Your Majesty to become a glorious Instrument of the Peace and Prosperity of this Kingdom, and of all Your Friends and Allies abroad.