Journal of the House of Commons: Volume 7, 1651-1660. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1802.
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Monday, the 4th of September, 1654.
Where his Highness the Lord Protector came, attended with the Lords Commissioners of the Great Seal, the Commissioners of the Treasury, and divers of the Council, being also Members of the Parliament; and there heard a Sermon preached by Mr. Thomas Goodwyn:
And from thence came into the Painted Chamber: Where his Highness made unto them a large Narration of the Grounds of their being called together, and the Weightiness of their Employment: And then desired them to repair to their House, and exercise their own Liberty in choosing their Speaker, that they might lose no Time from their great Business.
Clerk and Serjeant.
Thereupon the Members repaired to the House: Where, being sat, some Exception was taken by Two Members, that the Clerk and the Serjeant came into the House, before they were chosen by the House: Whereupon both of them voluntarily withdrew: And, after a while, a Member of the House came forth, and called in the Clerk; who coming within the Door, William Lenthall Master of the Rolls, sitting in the Chair as Speaker, acquainted him, that the House had chosen him to be their Clerk; and commanded him to come to his Place: Who, being come to the Bar, desired Leave to speak; and the same being granted, he declared, That he did not presume to come into the House out of Ambition to that Place, but because it was his Duty to be there; and that before the House sat: Nor did he seek that Place at first, but was called to it (as Mr. Speaker knew well) by a Command from that Chair, when nothing else could have brought him thither: That the Parliament which called him did, by an Act of Parliament, appoint and constitute him Clerk of the Parliament, during his Life; and also granted him a Patent under the Great Seal: But nevertheless, if his Right did not consist with the Service of the House, he should accept of an easy Dismission; and did lay both the Act of Parliament, and Patent, at their Feet.
Mr. Lenthall chosen Speaker.
Clerk and Serjeant chosen.
Resolved, That Wednesday next come-sevennight, being the 13th Day of September instant, be the Day of Fasting and Humiliation for this House, and for all Places within the Cities of London and Westminster, and late Lines of Communication, and weekly Bills of Mortality.
Resolved, That it be referred to some Members of the House, to prepare a Declaration of the Grounds of this Fast; viz. Colonel Fines, Sir William Masham, Sir James Harrington, Major-General Skippon, Sir Arthure Hesilrige, Mr. Recorder, Lord Bradshaw, or any Two of them; and present it to the House.
Resolved, That Mr. Marshall be desired to be assisting in Carrying-on the Work of the Day of Publick Fasting and Humiliation, on the 13th of September instant: And that Sir William Massam do give him Notice thereof.
Resolved, That Dr. Thomas Goodwyn be desired to be assisting in Carrying-on the Work of the Day of Publick Fasting and Humiliation, on the 13th of September instant: And that Mr. Lawrence, Lord President of the Council, do give him Notice hereof.
Resolved, That Dr. Francis Cheinell be desired to be assisting in Carrying on the Work of the Day of Publick Fasting and Humiliation, on the 13th of September instant: And that Mr. Fagge do give him Notice hereof.
Resolved, That Sir Wm. Masham do give the Thanks of this House to Mr. Stephen Marshall, for his great Pains in his Sermon preached Yesterday before the Parliament: And that he be desired to print his Sermon: And it is Ordered, That none shall presume to print it without his Appointment.
Resolved, That Mr. Lawrence, Lord President of his Highness's Council, do give the Thanks of this House to Dr. Thomas Goodwyn, for his great Pains in his Sermon preached this Day before the Parliament: And that he be desired to print his Sermon: And it is Ordered, That none shall presume to print it, without his Appointment.
Prayers in the House.
Resolved, That the Governors of the School and Almshouse of Westminster do take care, that such of the Morning Lecturers, as preacheth on the respective Days, do attend, each Morning that they preach, to pray in this House.