Fasti Ecclesiae Anglicanae 1066-1300: Volume 1, St. Paul's, London. Originally published by Institute of Historical Research, London, 1968.
This free content was digitised by double rekeying. All rights reserved.
There exist transcripts, made in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, of an ancient catalogue of deans, formerly found in a volume at St. Paul's, Liber G fo. 74 (now lost). The catalogue is discussed by C. N. L. Brooke, 'The deans of St. Paul's, c. 1090- 1499', Bull. Inst. Hist. Res. xxix (1956) 231 ff. For the twelfth century the catalogue is plainly incomplete and unreliable, and it is not therefore cited below. For the thirteenth century it is generally accurate, but the abundance of documentary evidence which confirms its general accuracy largely renders its use unnecessary, and it is cited below in the case of only one dean. (fn. 1)
Wulman (fn. 2) Preb. Totenhall
Occ. [1086 × 1107] (B.M., Harley MS. 6956 fo. 91r, from missing Liber F fo. 106). (fn. 3) Possibly the 'decanus' mentioned in or before 1103/4 (WD fo. 40/44v, pd. in Rep. p. 65a, discussed by H. G. Richardson, E.H.R. lvii (1942) 126). Commem. 2 Oct. (Obits. I fo. 14v, II fo. 109v).
'V. decanus' occ. once only, [1091 × 1107, perhaps c. 1107] (Gibbs no. 59). (fn. 4) Possibly to be identified with Wulman.
First occ. 19 July 1111 (WD 4 fos. 53/57v-54/58r, pd. in Rep. pp. 67b-68a), and 1111/12 (A/24/521, pd. in Rep. p. 26a). D. as dean 1138 (Diceto I 252). Commem. 29 Apr. (Obit. I fo. 11v), 28 Apr. (Obit. II fo. 108r). Presum. d. Apr. 1138. Nephew of Richard de Belmeis I, bp. of London (1108-27) (Diceto 1 251; cf. A/24/521, pd. in Rep. p. 26a). Preb. of Chiswick, but prob. transf. to preb. of Totenhall after 1112 or 1113, almost certainly being identical with William de Mareni (see Brooke, Composition pp. 129-30).
M. Ralph of Langford (fn. 5) Prebs. Brownswood, Totenhall
First certain occ. before Apr. 1142 (A/25/257, cal. in Rep. p. 28a), (fn. 6) but prob. occ. earlier, c. 1138 (WD 4 fo. 21/25r, pd. in Rep. p. 62a; WD 4 fo. 27/31r, pd. in Rep. pp. 62b-63a). (fn. 7) Last occ. [Sept. 1152 × c. 1154] (A/39/1367), (fn. 8) and prob. c. 1154, when described by John of Salisbury as 'old and infirm' (J.S. Epp. 1 no. 113, (fn. 9) cf. no. 71). Commem. 10 Apr. (Obit. I fo. 11v), 11 Apr. (Obits. II fo. 108r, III fo. 95r). Called Ralph the dean in all occs. in office, but called M. Ralph of Langford, dean, in Obit. II. Brother of Richard de Belmeis II, bp. of London (1152-62), and nephew of Richard de Belmeis I, bp. of London (1108-27) (Diceto 1 250-1).
Hugh de Mareni (fn. 10) Prebs. unident., Totenhall
Previously archdcn. of London. Not appd. until after March 1157, when still archdcn. Possibly no longer archdcn., and therefore perhaps dean, before Aug. 1158 (see below p. 9 n. 9). First occ. as dean before 4 May 1162 (Cart. Clerkenwell no. 74; (fn. 11) A/28/273, cal. in Rep. pp. 31b-32a (fn. 12) ), and also [1160 × 4 May 1162] (Gibbs nos. 192- 3). (fn. 13) Last occ. 2 Dec. 1178 (G.F.L. no. 410). Commem. 27 June (Obits. I fo. 12v, II fo. 108r). So presum. d. June 1179 or 1180. Called Hugh the dean in all occs. in office, but called Hugh de Mareni, dean, in Obit. I. (fn. 14) Called magister once (Hale p. 144). Possibly nephew of William [de Mareni], dean (see below p. 93).
M. Ralph de Diceto (fn. 15) Prebs. unident., Totenhall
Previously archdcn. of Middlesex. El. between Jan. 1180 and Jan. 1181 (Hale p. 109, discussed by Stubbs, Diceto I p. lvii). Occ. c. 1192 (D.S.R. I). Last occ. 23 May 1199 (Diceto II 166). Prob. d. or res. before May 1201 (see Greenway, Succession p. 94). Commem. 22 Nov. (Obits. I fo. 15r, II fo. 110r, III fo. 96v, IV pp. 72, 102).
M. Alard de Burnham (fn. 16) Prebs. Caddington Major, Totenhall [, ?Holbourn]
Previously archdcn. of London. First occ. [March 1200 × May 1201] (A/24/1062, cal. in Rep. p. 26a-b; cf. A/16/269, cal. in Rep. p. 17a; cf. also Gibbs no. 79), (fn. 17) and [Oct. 1200 × June 1203] (A/12/289, cal. in Rep. p. 14a). (fn. 18) Last occ. 1215/16 (A/39/1369). D. as dean 1216 (Ann. Dunstable, Ann. Mon. III 51). Commem. 8 Sept. (Obits. I fo. 14r, III fo. 96r), 9 Sept. (Obits. II fo. 109r, IV pp. 70, 95). (fn. 19) So presum. d. Sept. 1216. Called Alard the dean in all occs. in office, but called Alard de Burnham in cats. for preb. of Totenhall.
[M. Gervase of Howbridge (fn. 20) Prebs. unident., Hoxton
Previously chanc. El. in succession to Alard de Burnham, after Sept. 1216, but already excommunicate (Ann. Dunstable, Ann. Mon. 111 51). Occ. as dean once only, n.d. (Gibbs no. 213). El. treated as void by papal legate Guala, who depr. Gervase of office of chanc., on or before 28 Oct. 1217 (see below p. 26).]
First occ. 1217/18 (A/29/331), and presum. to be identified with the unnamed dean mentioned 28 Oct. 1217 (A/25/1751, pd. by Richardson, Guala p. 259 no. 2). (fn. 21) Last occ. 12 Nov. 1227 (Gibbs no. 320). Commem. 9 July (Obit. II fo. 108v). So presum. d. July 1228.
Martin of Pattishall (fn. 22) Preb. Caddington Minor
Presum. not el. until after 2 Aug. 1228, when still called archdcn. of Norf. (P.R.O., Feet of Fines, C.P. 25(1)/41-9/nos. 191-392). First occ. as dean 24 Sept. 1228 (P.R.O., Feet of Fines, C.P. 25(1)/213/nos. 2-159). D. as dean 14 Nov. 1229 (Chron. Maj. 111 190). Commem. 12 Nov. (Obit. II fo. 109v).
Previously archdcn. of London. First occ. as dean June 1231 (Gibbs no. 321), and before 15 Jan. 1232 (Gibbs nos. 191, 277-8, 281, 294, 331). (fn. 23) Last occ. 8 Nov. 1241 (A/16/161, cal. in Rep. p. 17b). D. as dean before 28 Nov. 1241 (C.C.R. 1237-42 p. 377; cf. Chron. Maj. iv 170-1). Commem. 7 Nov. (Obits. II fo. 109v, IV pp. 72, 100), ?13 Nov. (Obit. III fo. 96v).
El. c. Dec. 1241 (Chron. Maj. iv 171), prob. before 8 Dec. (C.P.R. 1232-47 p. 268, and see below, p. 35). D. as dean 11 March 1243 (Ann. Dunstable, Ann. Mon. 111 159). Commem. 12 March (A/33/745, a deed of before Apr. 1244; (fn. 24) also Obits. II fo. 107v, III fo. 95r, IV pp. 64, 79).
Previously chanc. First occ. 21 May 1243 (A/26/85). Last occ. after 28 Oct. 1253 (A/24/137). D. prob. as dean by 26 Aug. 1254 (A/42/14). Commem. 9 Apr. (Obits. II fo. 108r, IV pp. 65, 81). So presum. d. Apr. 1254.
M. Walter de Salerne alias of London (fn. 25) Preb. Rugmere
El. c. 12 Apr. 1254 (Chron. Maj. v 432). First occ. 26 Apr. 1254 (A/36/1042). Occ. 1257, erroneously called William (Chrons. Edw. I and II 1 49). Abp. of Tuam, papal prov. 29 May 1257 (Reg. Alex. IV no. 1928), cons. at Rome c. Sept. 1257 (C.P.R. 1247-58 p. 577).
Previously precentor. First occ. as dean 20 Aug. 1257 (A/31/596). Last certain occ. 26 June 1261 (A/30/484; A/35/996). Apparently occ. 1 Oct. 1261 (A/37/1123) and 15 Oct. 1261 (A/38/1247-8), but prob. 2 Oct. 1260 and 15 Oct. 1260 intended. (fn. 26) Commem. 27 Sept. (Obit. II fo. 109r).
Previously archdcn. of London. Occ. as dean in cat. of deans, between Robert de Barton and Richard Talbot (see Brooke, Deans p. 238) and in Obit. II. Commem. 26 Feb. (Obits. II fo. 107v, IV pp. 63, 78).
Prob. the dean el. 11 Dec. 1262 (B.M., Harley MS. 6956, fo. 154v, from a letter of proxy formerly in St. Paul's pyx 'H', referring to an el. to the deanery due to take place on that date). First occ. 12 May 1263 (Statutes p. 189). Last occ. 5 Oct. 1267 (Reg. W. Giffard (York) p. 187).
Hervey of Boreham (fn. 27) Preb. unident.
Not el. until after 3 Jan. 1274, when still can. (A/25/1734). El. 1274 (Flor. Hist. III 45 n.). First occ, 10 Oct. 1274 (A/3/676, cal. in Rep. 4a; A/24/537, cal. in Rep. p. 25a, but wrongly assigned to '1264'). Last occ. 17 June 1276 (A/30/446; A/35/980). D. as dean 1276 (Gerv. Cant. (cont.) 11 285). Commem. 7 Oct. (Obits. II fo. 109v, IV pp. 71, 96). (fn. 28) So presum. d. Oct. 1276, although referred to as if still alive on 19 Nov. 1276 (Reg. T. de Cantilupo, ed. R. G. Griffiths and W. W. Capes (Canterbury and York Soc. ii) p. 111).
M. Thomas of Ingoldisthorpe (fn. 29) Preb. Newington
Previously archdcn. of Middlesex. El. 1276 (Gerv. Cant. (cont.) 11 285). First occ., said to be recently el. in succession to Hervey of Boreham, 9 March 1277 (WD 1 fo. 1r, cal. in Gibbs no. 7). Bp. of Rochester, el. between Apr. and July, cons. Sept. 1283.
Previously archdcn. of Essex. El. conf. by bp. 25 Oct. 1283, and instal. same day (B.M., Harley MS. 6956 fo. 88r, from missing Liber F fo. 58). D. as dean 18 Aug. 1285 (Flor. Hist. 111 64). Commem. 18 Aug. (Obits. II fo. 109r, IV pp. 69, 92).
M. William de Montfort (fn. 30) Preb[s]. Islington [, ?unident.]
El. 31 Oct. 1285 (B.M., Harley MS. 6956 fo. 89v, from missing Liber F fo. 64); accepted his el. 26 Nov. 1285, and then conf. by bp. (ibid.). (fn. 31) D. as dean 22 Sept. 1294 (Ann. Worcester, Ann. Mon. IV 517; Flor. Hist. 111 90).