Fasti Ecclesiae Anglicanae 1066-1300: Volume 2, Monastic Cathedrals (Northern and Southern Provinces). Originally published by Institute of Historical Research, London, 1971.
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PRIORS OF ROCHESTER
The small chapter of canons at Rochester was replaced by a convent of twenty-two Benedictine monks in 1083, by the action of archbishop Lanfranc and bishop Gundulph. (fn. 1) The customs were modelled on those of Christ Church, Canterbury, and from 1239 elections of priors seem to have followed the Canterbury procedure, with the bishop as scrutator. (fn. 2)
Thought to have been prior of Rochester before he became prior of Canterbury in 1096 (Mon. Ang. 1 157; Ang. Sac. 1 392 etc.). But never occ. as prior of Rochester, and occ. as monk of Christ Church, Canterbury, after 1094 (Anselm, Opp. iv ep. no. 182; cf. Eadmer, H.N. p. 192).]
Monk of St. capÉtienne, Caen (Ben., Calvados, France) and prob. then of Christ Church, Canterbury (Ecclesiastical Hist. of Orderic Vitalis, 11 ed. M. M. Chibnall (Oxford, 1969) p. 192; cf. R. W. Southern, St. Anselm and his Biographer (Cambridge, 1963) pp. 206-7). Prior of Rochester before 1107, when he res. to become abbot of Battle (Ben., Sussex), el. 1 Aug. 1107 (Chron. de Bello, [ed. J. S. Brewer] (1846) pp. 51-2; cf. ann. Battle in U.G.Q. p. 52 and Orderic Vitalis (ed. Chibnall) 11 192).
Ordwyn (fn. 3)
First occ. [Aug. 1107 × March 1108] (Regesta 11 no. 845). Last occ. after May 1125 (Reg. Roff. p. 8). (fn. 4) Perhaps to be identified with Ordwius, who occ. as monk of Christ Church, Canterbury, [1104-5] (Anselm, Opp. v ep. no. 355, also ibid. nos. 327, 336).
Occ. once only, [c. 1129] (cart. of Thorney: C.U.L., Add. MS. 3020 fos. 166v- 167r). (fn. 5)
Occ. 1 Sept. 1145 (Saltman, Theobald no. 222), 25 Feb. 1146 (Ang. Sac. 1 344, where for '5 kal. May', read '5 kal. March' (Regesta Pontificum Romanorum, ed. P. Jaffé, S. Loewenfeld et al. (Leipzig, 1885-8) no. 8870)), and [1142 × 48] (Reg. Roff. p. 10). (fn. 6) Commem. 5 Dec. (Canterbury obits. I fo. 17r, III fo. 244r).
Occ. 8 March 1155 (P.U.E. 11 no. 88), and c. Nov. × Dec. 1160 ('R. Sancti A. de R. presbiter' in letter pd. F. Barlow, Edward the Confessor (1970) p. 322). Commem. 29 Apr. (obit. of St. Augustine's, Canterbury: B.M., Cotton MS. Vitell. C. xii fo. 127r).
[?William de Borstalle (fn. 7)
Occ. after Nov. 1181 (Reg. Roff. p. 168); (fn. 8) 1 May 1182 (Cal. of Kent Fines, ed. I. J. Churchill (Kent Archaeol. Soc. Records xv) p. 1); [Dec. 1182 × Aug. 1184] (Reg. Roff. p. 481). (fn. 9) Prior until became abbot of Burton (Ben., Staffs.), in succession to abbot Roger who d. 1182 (Ann. Burton p. 187; cf. Reg. Roff. p. 121).
Osbern de Scapeia (fn. 10)
Sacrist of Rochester (Ang. Sac. 1 393). First occ. as prior before 14 Aug. 1193 (Reg. Roff. pp. 152, 530, 633-4). (fn. 11) Last occ. Jan. 1203 (C.R.R. 11 160), and perhaps later, but before 18 May 1208 (Rot. Chart. p. 179).
Prob. to be identified as sacrist of Rochester who occ. Jan. 1203 (C.R.R. 11 160; cf. Reg. Roff. p. 122). First occ. as prior 1 Nov. 1214 (Rochester, D. & C., T. 193/1). Occ. n.d. (cart. of Rochester: B.M., Cotton MS. Domit. A. x fo. 177r-v; Reg. Roff. pp. 122, 373). Said to occ. 1217 (Kentish Cart. of St. John, Jerusalem, ed. C. Cotton (Kent Archaeol. Soc. Records xi) p. 56 and index sub Rochester). Occ. after 1215 as 'H.' prior (Bodl., MS. Rawlinson B. 461 fo. 57r, from lost cart. of Lesnes).
Sacrist of Rochester (cf. Reg. Roff. p. 125). El. 25 June 1239 (Ann. Roff. in Flor. Hist. 11 235). Last occ., as W- prior, 1 June 1242 (Reg. Roff. pp. 344-5). Res. and became Cistercian at Woburn (Beds.), presum. between June and Nov. 1242 (ibid. p. 125).
Succeeded 1262 (Ann. Roff. in Flor. Hist. 11 477-8). First occ. 10 Feb. 1263 (Cal. of Kent Fines, ed. I. J. Churchill (Kent Archaeol. Soc. Records xv) p. 343). Abp.'s mandate for his depr., 3 Dec. 1283 (Reg. Epistolarum J. Peckham, ed. C. T. Martin (Rolls ser. lxxvii) 11 641-2). Res. shortly before 24 Dec. 1283 (Ann. Roff. in Flor. Hist. 111 59 and (Vesp.) fo. 34r), because of illegitimacy (Les Registres d'Honorius IV, ed. M. Prou (Bibl. des capÉcoles Françaises d'Athènes et de Rome, 2nd ser. vii) no. 537).
Thomas de Wouldham alias de Southflete (fn. 12)
Succeeded for a second term 7 Jan. 1292 (Ann. Roff. in Flor. Hist, 111 74 and (Vesp.) fo. 34r), having had disp. for illegitimacy 13 June 1286 (Les Registres d'Honorius IV, ed. M. Prou (Bibl. des capÉcoles Françaises d'Athènes et de Rome, 2nd ser. vii) no. 537). D. 1294 (Ann. Roff. in Flor. Hist, 111 92 and (Vesp.) fo. 34r).
Succeeded as prior 1294 (Ann. Roff. in Flor. Hist. 111 92 and (Vesp.) fo. 34r). Disp. to retain priorate despite illegitimacy, 19 June 1295 (Reg. Bon. VIII no. 249). Res. on account of illness [c. 2 Feb.] 1301/2 (Ann. Roff. in Flor. Hist. 111 110 and (Vesp.) fo. 34r).