The Manuscripts of Lincoln, Bury St. Edmunds Etc. Fourteenth Report, Appendix; Part VIII. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1895.
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Registers, vol. II (1511-42)
1518, 26 March.—Will of Robert Wymark, bequeathing certain lands to Robert Turnour, chantry-priest of the chantry of Alexander FitzMartin in the church of St. Laurence, to pray for the soul of Edward Brown, jeweller. f. 106.
At the end on ff. 318–320 are entered copies of writs from Charles II., and certificates from officers of the Duchy of Lancaster and the liberties of St. Mary's at York, and from bishops of Ely in 1700 and 1725, for exemption of certain persons from payment of market-tolls, etc., as belonging to the ancient demesnes of the Crown, or (in virtue of a recited grant from Rich. I.) as tenants of the church of Ely.
Vol. II. A volume of 289 leaves of stout paper, bound in oak boards, covered with leather stamped with the Tudor rose, portcullis, fleur-delis, castle, &c. In good preservation. It contains entries from 1511 to the beginning of 1542, of the acts of the Common Council, the Secret Council, and the Court Leets. The first entry is an ordinance on 8 Oct. 1511, for the election of 24 discreet and honest persons in addition to the twelve aldermen to keep and order all acts to be made in the Common Council; and on the same day the privilege is granted to Robert Dighton, late mayor, of making one person a freeman of the city in return for his giving ten marks to discharge a debt of the city to Robert Wymark.
Bond from the city to Sir John Hussey, knt. in 100 marks that they will not henceforth elect any one of the inhabitants of Branston to serve the office of mayor, sheriff, or chamberlain; 15 Nov. 1511. f. 5. (Several cases occur of refusal to serve the office of sheriff.)
1514, 4 March.—Order for taking muster of all able persons in the city that be archers, in obedience to a letter from the King requiring that 10 able persons, either demilances or else archers on horseback, shall be ready to go at the King's wage into France. f. 23b. From a subsequent entry on 24 March it is found that these ten soldiers were to form part of the retinue of the Earl of Lincoln, who sent word that he was content that they shall have "harnes of revyttes and jakytes as that they had affore at the last viage, and white fustiane dublettes with yelow howse, and horses to ryde uppone."
1514, 12 Apr.—It is agreed that the mayor shall bring in the great book called "the Blythe," and another "bourded" book and the charter of Edw. IV., with a canvas bag wherein is the perambulation of the lands of the commons of the city, with other rolls of paper. f. 27b.
—. Inventory of effects delivered by the out-going mayor to his successor; three keys, the seal of the mayoralty made of silver, three collars of silver for the three waits, of which one has 24 links with an escocheon, another 28 links with a shield, and the third 26 links and a shield. f. 35. [These chains and badges are again described in 1538 at f. 270b.]
—. Estimate of the cost of the renewal of the city charter: viz. for the writing it, 8 marks; for the examining it, 26s. 8d.; for the lace, 16d.; for the chaffer of the wax, 8d.; for the seal, 20s. 4d.; for the enrolment, 4l.; and for the fine to the King, at the least 4l. f. 40b.
—, 27 July.—It is agreed that whereas divers garments and other "heriorments" are yearly borrowed in the country for the arraying of the pageants of St. Anne's guild, but now the knights and gentlemen are afraid with the plague so that the "graceman" cannot borrow such garments, every alderman shall prepare and set forth in the said array two good gowns, and every sheriff and every chamberlain a gown, and the persons with them shall wear the same. And the constables are ordered to wait upon the array in procession, both to keep the people from the array, and also to take heed of such as wear garments in the same. f. 42b.
—, 8 Oct.—Fines imposed upon aldermen, &c. who do not, in accordance with the laudable and ancient custom of the city, give their attendance on the mayor in Advent and Lent from his house to the Minster, and then home to his house again. f. 48.
1516, 11 Aug.—A burgess named Wymark is committed to ward for refusing to pay 3s. 4d. as his contribution for an Exchequer writ, and with seditious words walking up and down in the guild-hall saying that the hall was wrongly used, for he had paid for it. f. 53. [Other cases of "seditious words" occur frequently. At f. 89b an alderman is committed to ward for the like. All such cases were heard privately in a "Secret Council" composed of the mayor, aldermen and sheriffs, before which personal matters and some of special importance were brought.]
1517, 19 March.—Ordered that all spinners of wool and other clothmakers who shall come to the city shall have their freedom as long as they dwell there. and shall be free for three years from summons to any quest. f. 71.
—, 10 June, 22 Sept.—Sir Robert Denyas appointed St. Anne's priest, to sing for the brethren and sisters and benefactors of the guild, for his life "off a gud and lawfull beryng," having yearly 5l., he promising yearly to help to the bringing forth and preparing of the pageants in St. Anne's guild. ff. 72b, 75.
1518, 10 June.—A collection begins to be made towards the cleansing and repairing of the Foss-dyke, for which the King has sent down his commission. f. 80. [The work was found to involve more cost than it proved easy to discharge, and on 14 Dec. it is reported that the Bishop of Lincoln had issued a commission to all curates and others in his diocese for aid, and granted pardon to all them that helped in the same, and collectors are appointed in consequence to ride to divers towns. f. 92b. Collections continued to be made for a long time, including York and Hull in their range.]
Ordered that every alderman shall send forth a servant with a torch to be lighted in the procession with a rochet upon him about the Sacrament, upon pain of forfeiture of 6s. 8d., and also, under like penalty, send forth one person with a good gown upon his back to go in the procession. That every constable shall wait on the procession on St. Anne's day by 7 of the clock, upon pain of forfeiture of 12d. Ibid. [In 1521 the "rochet" becomes "an onest gowne," the aldermen's forfeits are reduced to 3s. 4d., and the constables' encreased to that sum. f. 131b. In 1525 the aldermen are each to provide a gown of silk for the kings; the constables' forfeit is reduced to 6d.; every man of the city in his degree is to wait upon the mayor, under penalty of 4d.; and it is ordered that every occupation shall prepare and apparel the pageants in all preparation except plate and cups ["copes"]. f. 179b. List of defaulters in 1526. f. 189. In 1527 the parishioners of St. John Evang. in Wykford refuse to lend "honorments." f. 198. Form of indenture made with the graceman, 29 July, 1528. f. 206b.]
1518, 16 June.—M. Pereson, now graceman of St. Anne's gild, sheweth a gown of black damask "abime," indented about with black velvet, of the gift of John Carre to the use and honour of the said gild. f. 81b. Will. Fox to have the said gown in keeping, and lend it to no person. Ibid.
1519, 7 Apr.—Barthol. Willyford to ride to Markby Abbey and speak with the prior for the sealing of the deed for the house of the schoolmaster, and to bear the money with him that is owing for the same. f. 95. Further orders about payment, ff. 104b, 129b, 148b.
—, 16 May.—Sir Will. Yattes, the chantry-priest of the chapel of St. Thomas the Martyr upon the High Bridge being deceased, and the place must be filled up within eight days by the mayor and commons, it is agreed that a "kalander" [a poll] shall be made of such honest priests as will labour for it, and they that have the most voices to be presented to the Dean and Chapter to have the chantry. f. 111. There were four candidates, Sir John Percyvell, Sir Robert Wodward, al. Wodworth, Sir John Pykke, and Sir Richard Cateroll; of whom Percyvell received 4 votes, Wodward 22, and the others none. Wodward gives security to lay out 4l. within two years on the repairs of the tenements belonging to the chantry.
—, —. One of the sheriffs fined for not duly executing the sentence on Robert Bisshopp, who after being made to abjure the city for petty bribery returned, and was sentenced to be set in the pillory and to have his ears nailed to it. f. 117b.
—, Oct.—Special allowance of land to the incoming mayor and of the right of creating three freemen, by reason of scarceness of corn and other victual and his great charge in keeping of his house to the honour of the city. ff. 121b, 122.
—, 10 Dec.—Whereas divers books pertaining to the Gildhall, as well concerning the Common Council as other writings, be embezzled and withdrawn, and no knowledge can be had where they are nor by whom they were withdrawn, the mayor shall cause such as have occupied any books to be spoken with, and if no person will acknowledge the having them, then a monition shall proceed of cursing against all such persons as keep any such books, rolls, evidences, muniments or other writings. f. 125b.
1521, 21 Jan.—The Recorder declares that he will no longer hold office because of certain misdemeanours and misordering of the best of the city as well as of the commonalty; but at the urgent request of the mayor and his brethren and also of my lord dean of Lincoln he consented still to occupy the room of the recordership upon condition that the misdemeanours be mended. f. 127.
George Browne, alderman, elected in the place of the graceman of St. Anne's gild, complains that as the plague is reigning in the city he cannot get such garments and "honourments" as should be in the pageants of the procession; wherefore it is agreed to borrow a gown of my lady "Powes" for one of the Maries, and the other Mary to be arrayed in the crimson gown of velvet that belongeth to the gild; and the prior of St. Katherine's to be spoken with to have such "honourments" as we have had aforetime. f. 132.
—, 30 Oct.—The Mayor shows a paper of Mr. Dighton for the foundation of a priest to sing in the church of St. Michael upon the hill for him, his father and mother and others, with all the brethren and sisters of St. Anne's gild, the same to be by the gift of Dighton during his life, and afterwards of his executors during their lives, and after their decease of the Mayor and commons of the city, as all other chantries within the city are and ever have been; with a proviso that the said chaplain shall yearly be ready to help to the preparing and bringing forth of the procession of St. Anne's day, and after Dighton's decease to be called for ever St. Anne's priest. If the Mayor and Commons make default in giving of the same for 15 days, then Sir William Tyrwhyt and his heirs to give the same. f. 141b.
—, 21 Nov.—Four men who came from London to the fair, one to see his grandmother, another to sell ale, the third to seek work, and the fourth to sell pins and laces, are all commanded to the stocks to be punished as vagabonds, although it is said of the first that no trespass can be found in him. Ibid.
—, 12 Aug.—Randall Hamour committed to prison with a pair of fetters on his legs for coming by night to a house with sword, buckler and dagger, and keeping it suspiciously until the Mayor sent one of the sheriffs for him at 11 of the bell at night, and when brought before the Mayor he with seditious words called him "false knave." On 22 Aug. he is bailed. f. 148b.
1523, 17 Jan.—Whereas the Chanter of the Cathedral has felled the ashes that grew in the churchyard that was late of the church of the Trinity at the Gresefoot, which is now not used as a sanctified place, whereby it is supposed that the King hath "re-interest" into the same, it is agreed unanimously that seizure shall be made of the same in the King's behalf to the use of the city, and if the Chanter make any suit at law, the defence shall be borne of the common money. f. 156b.
—, 28 May.—The Mayor sheweth that he hath been in Parliament from the Saturday in Pasch week, when he took his journey, [11 Apr.], to the Monday in Whitson week when he came home [25 May]; the expenses are 4s. the day for both burgesses; that he had communication with my lord of Lincoln concerning the ashes that the Chanter of the church of Lincoln hath felled in divers churchyards, and a "resonably" answer shall be given when my lord's Chancellor cometh to Lincoln. f. 158.
1524, 31 May.—In a Secret Council it is showed that Sir Thomas Lovell, knt., is deceased, whence it is needful that communication be had with the Recorder what way and to whom labour should be made to solicit my Lord Ros for pardon of 100l. due to him, parcel of the fee-farm of the city, which Sir T. Lovell pardoned for his life, having yearly twenty marks. f. 166b. [Orders thereupon. ff. 172, 175a, b, 176.]
—, 10 Dec.—In a Secret Council the Mayor, the Recorder and Thomas Burton show what communication they have had at London with my lord Roos concerning the 100l., and what answer they have of him [which is not given]. f. 177. [Further entries occur on 28 Jan. 1525, 3 Apr., 17 May, 21 June; 1526, 12 March, 14 Nov.; 1527, 6 Apr., 26 Sept.; 1528, 2 Apr., 13 June. ff. 177b, 178a, b, 179b, 187, 195b, 196b, 198, 205, 206a, b. A year and a half's payment is made to Lord Roos's counsel at the same rate as was paid to Sir T. Lovell on 28 Nov. 1525. ff. 185b, 186.]
1527, 4 May.—Mr. Dyghtone, schoolmaster, stands to his taking of the tenement between St. Rumbold's churchyard without Claskytgate and the School-house, according as he took it on 4 Jan. last; promises to get an able learned man to keep the grammar-school, who is to be admitted by the Chancellor of the Church of Lincoln; and gives bail for his appearing in the city court to answer to such actions as shall be brought against him, from day to day, until discharged. f. 197b. Order for the building or repairing of this house for the schoolmaster, 19 July. f. 198.
1528, 2 Apr.—Election of a chaplain of the chantry of Robert de Dalderby in St. Benedict's Church. Sir Thomas Ingram elected by 31 voices over Sir Thomas Frere with 21 and Sir Will. Smyth with 3. f. 206.
—, 7 Sept.—"Causes of the decay of the city of Lincoln": a statement submitted to lord Roos with regard to the annual payment to him. The decay began originally by the removal of the staple to Calais. Now there are 200 houses clearly decayed, and the sheriffs have not of certainty where they can gather 30l. towards their charges. f. 207.
—, 29 Oct.—It is agreed that no more than 20 marks be paid to Lord Roos. f. 208. Further orders about the case, 1529, 17 Jan.; 1534, 12 Sept. (Sir Will. Ascough, knt., requested to mediate), 17 Oct.; 1535, 27 Jan., 8 Apr., 15 May; 1536, 4 May. ff. 210b, 239, 243b, 245b, 247, 248b, 254.
1528. 29 Oct.—Agreed that if any of the Common Council have communing of high and inordinate words, and will not cease when the knock is struck with the mall, they shall forfeit one halfpenny as often as they be culpable; provided that it shall it be lawful for any to stand up and commune alone as long as need shall require. Ibid. [In 1534 the fine is fixed at 1d. for the first offence, 2d. for the second, 3d. for the third, and 4d for the fourth. f. 232b.]
1530, 21 March.—Agreed that every person shall contribute to the bringing forth of Corpus Christi gild according as they are assessed; and that St. George's gild shall be maintained and brought forth yearly. f. 216.
—, 26 Sept.—Agreed that St. Anne's priest shall wait upon master Mayor daily, and the Mayor shall find him his board, and every Mayor hereafter shall do the same or forfeit the 10l. which they have of the common chamber. f. 222.
—, 20 Oct.—Walter Marrys (?) of London having offered to labour with the Lord Chancellor for the relief of the city, it is agreed to ask his help to appr[opriate] four benefices to the church of Lincoln in discharge of the 80l. part of the fee-farm of the city. f. 223.
—, 24 Oct. (fn. 1)—Every alderman who has been a mayor to wear henceforth whenever they attend upon the Mayor a tippet of velvet about their necks, under penalty of 3s. 4d. f. 232b.
—, 8 Nov.—Agreed that no baker or brewer bear or send any bread or ale to their customers upon the Sunday or other principal festival days under penalty of 12d. totiens quotiens, unless by license of the Mayor. f. 233.
1534, 20 March.—Order for payment of 3l. 10s. to Vincent Grantham, esq. for a hat of maintenance for this city and a scabbard for the sword of cloth of "tyschey" [tissue] which he hath brought down from London. f. 235.
— 12 Sept.—Agreed that as St. Austin's church and the Holy Trinity church at the Grece foot are ruined and at falling down, the walls of the said churches shall be taken down, and the stones and all other utensils and necessaries in them be sold; but certain stones of St. Austin's be given for reparation of St. Swithin's church. f. 239.
—, —. The bells of the two churches to be sold; one half of the money to go to the common chamber, and the other half to the parishioners of St. Swithin for the use of their church. f. 239b. [The parishioners to pay the price. f. 252b.]
1535, 27 Jan.—The church of the Holy Trinity at "Greise" foot, St. "Bayth" church, (fn. 2) the church of the Holy Trinity at Grey Friars, and St. Michael's at the "Gottes," to be taken down, and every thing to be sold to the use of the common chamber, the chancels excepted. f. 245b, and 8 Apr. f. 247.
—, 8 Apr.—License to the Warden of the Grey Friars to lay his conduit in the common ground of the city where he shall think most convenient, and to have the license under the common seal given to him of charity. f. 247.
—, —. Communication to be had with the Lord Burgh about the privy seals which he hath brought down against the late Mayor and the aldermen for swearing the inhabitants of the Baylle to the succession of the Crown; and if any of them be punished for compelling those inhabitants to come before them to be sworn, then their costs shall be borne by the common chamber. f. 247.
—, 1 July.—Agreed that the Warden of the Grey Friars shall have the timber roof of St. "Bathe" church to the upholding and maintaining his house, which shall be given freely for charity; and one side of the wall of the church to be taken for the pavement in St. Mary's parish. f. 249. [The walls to be sold. f. 250.]
—, 19 Aug.—Vincent Grantham, esq., one of the burgesses in Parliament, out of his zeal and love to the city, accepts 7l. as full payment for his expenses at Parliament still due of 11l. 3s. 4d.; the total sum he received being 41l. 8d., and the total received by the other burgess, William Sam[m]e[s], being 45l. 4s. ff. 249b, 250.
—, 14 Sept.—Robert Alanson elected mayor; and a grant made to him of a tun of wine or else 4l. to buy it with, not only in consideration that his wife has been a long time diseased and not able to stir and have the oversight of his housekeeping, but also that he is of great age and not provided with either wheat or malt, and that he shall not only be at greater charges this year than any mayor was by a long time before, considering all manner of corn and other things is at this time so dear, but also that he hath many acquaintances, by reason whereof he is like to have much resort to him this year to put him to cost. f. 251b.
—, —. Agreed that if Vincent Grantham can by any means get the lands and tenements of the cell of the Black Monks to the use of the common chamber, to be enacted at the next Parliament, then he shall have the demesne lands of the cell for 30 years, paying yearly 5l. Ibid.
—, 26 June. Agreed that as there must be 60l. sent up to be paid about the obtaining of the Black Monks' and other lands, and there is very little money in the common stock, Robert Alanson, the mayor, shall have the plate of the great Gild as a gage and a pawn for the sum of 28l. to be lent by him, to be sent up to London to the Recorder and Mr. Grantham, with 12l. of the common stock. f. 255a b.
1536, 9 Oct.—A letter received from Sir Brian Tuke, treasurer of the King's chamber, dated at London 6 Oct., ordering the mayors and officers of Waltham Cross, Ware, Royston, Huntingdon, Stilton, Stamford, Sleaford, and Lincoln, instantly, at their utmost peril, to provide an able man well horsed to carry all such letters as may be sent by the King or the Privy Council from post to post with all diligence by night or day. f. 258.
1445–6, 24 Hen. VI. no day. Ordered that the mayor, aldermen and sheriffs, with 80 or 100 of the more respectable and better dressed persons ("de honestioribus et melius araiaratis personis") shall ride to meet the King on his coming to Lincoln, as many others of the commons as possible going on foot, to the Cross upon the hill, and there kneeling shall reverently offer to the King, for his good relief which he hath before-time afforded us, 100l. in gold.
1487, 2 Hen. VII. Three dozen green geese, one dozen fat capons, half-a-dozen fat pike; but because no geese or wild fowl could be gotten, it was agreed that the present should be two fat oxen, one score fat muttons, six great fat pike, and twelve fat capons "of greyse."
1538, 22 Nov.—Agreed that all the plate that belongs to the great Gild shall from this time be clearly given to the commons of this city, and so remain until farther direction, and all the brass, with all such rents as were paid to the Gild. f. 270.
1538, 1 March. The clerk of the parish of St. Lawrence to ring at 9 o'cl. at night and 4 o'cl. in the morning, winter and summer, and the clerk of St. Mary's at 8 and 4; both receiving 3s. 4d. from the chamberlains, but the latter also 20d. from the great Gild; to ring holy-days as well as other days upon pain of imprisonment. f. 271b.
1539, 18 July.—Agreed that St. Anne's gild shall go up on the Sunday next after St. Anne's day in manner and form as it hath been had in time past, and every one in default to forfeit 3s. 4d.; and the perambulation the Tuesday after, after the old custom and manner. f. 273b.
1540, 28 Jan.—Oysters to be sold only at 4d. the "wasche" [al. "wesche," i.e., ten bushels], and those who refuse so to sell them to be discharged from selling either muscles or cockles, which are to be at the same price. f. 277.
—, —. Agreed that St. Anne's gild shall go forward as it hath done in times past; that every alderman shall have a gown and a torch, and every sheriff to find a gown, and every occupation to bring forth their pageants according to the old custom, and every occupation that hath their pageants broken to make them ready against the day, on pain of forfeiting 20s. f. 278b.
—, 30 July.—Monday and Tuesday next appointed for carrying away all dunghills, gravel, stones, and other like stuff now lying in the city and liberties, and the bringing of sand to the streets, against the King's coming, and therefore all husbandmen to give their attendance on Monday at 6 o'cl. f. 286.