Journals of the Board of Trade and Plantations, Volume 1, April 1704 - January 1709. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1920.
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Journal, November 1704
An Order of the House of Lords [fo. 157] dated yesterday, requiring this Board to lay before their lordships an account of the state of the trade of this kingdom since the last session of Parliament, was read, and directions given for preparing a report in answer thereunto.
A letter from Mr. Bonet, minister of the King of Prussia, to the Secretary of this Board, inclosing the extract of a letter from Bern, relating to a colony to be settled in the plantations, was read, and a letter to Mr. Secretary Hedges, acquainting him that the Board did not think fit to proceed thereon without her Majesty's directions, was signed and dispatched.
Mr. Clark attending in behalf of the petition of the freighters of the ship Expectation [fo. 149, 154], now in Virginia, refer'd to this Board by her Majesty's Order in Councill of the 26th which was presented to their lordships the 31st of the last month, the said order was read; and Mr. Clarke acquainted their lordships that the ship was laden here in December last, but lost five months time in staying for the West India convoy, which sailed not till May following, that if she be obliged to stay there till the next convoy it will not only be the loss of the ship but the whole voyage, and that there is no other ship now in Virginia under the like circumstances. And Mr. Perry and Mr. Paggen, who attended at the same time, having been asked their opinion, they said they did not think it fit that any ship should be allowed to go or come without convoy, but that the case of this ship being particular, they thought it might not be unreasonable to grant her a permission to come away so soon as she shall be laden.
The Canary merchants attending according to the order of the 31st of the last month [fo. 149, 155], and being asked several questions, they answered as follows: That they were so far from having their proportion of tonnage in the two ships sent over to bring away their effects, that they were forced to freight a Genouese ship for that purpose, whilst so soon as she arrived in England being seized, they have not yet received any of the effects that were in her. They said they should be ready any day the next week their lordships should appoint for a hearing, and promised to bring on Thursday next, if not sooner, their several depositions to prove what effects they left in the Canaries when they came away.
Mr. Phips and Captain Cary attending [fo. 148] presented to their lordships a memorial, in answer to the letter writ the said Cary the 31st of the last month, relating to the size of cannon for the fort on Castle Island, which being read, their lordships made a further progress in the draught of a representation [fo. 150, 153] relating to stores of war for the Massachusets Bay and New Hampshire.
A letter from Mr. Attorney General [fo. 147, 262] of the 2nd instant, desiring an account how the quorum of the Assembly of Barbados comes to be 15, was read, and an answer thereunto immediatly drawn up and sent.
A letter from Colonel Handasyd of the 17th June last, relating to the payment of the officers and seamen of two fireships fitted out at Jamaica, was read; and thereupon ordered that a copy thereof and of the papers therein inclosed be sent to Mr. Burchett to be laid before his royal highness's councill.
Ordered that a letter be writ to Mr. Lowndes [fo. 163] to desire him to move the Lord Treasurer that this Board may have a sight of the accounts of the receipts and payments of the Customes from Michaelmas, 1702, to Michaelmas last, being 8 quarterly payments; as also an account of the exports and imports for the same time, which will be returned in two or three days' time. And that his lordship wou'd be pleased to give directions that this Board may have from the Commissioners of the Customes, an account of corn exported for the two last years; as also an account of wooll imported from Christmas, 1702, to Michaelmas last.
A memorial in the name of Mr. Thomas Baily [fo. 151] and other merchants of Bristol, owners and freighters of the ship Expectation, now in Virginia, setting forth the reasons of the said ship's not going thither and coming home with the last convoy, was read, and directions given for preparing a representation [fo. 156] upon their petition refer'd to the Board by her Majesty's Order in Councill mentioned in the minutes of the 2nd instant.
Ordered that a letter be writ to Mr. Swan and Mr. Raworth [fo. 152, 158] to acquaint them that the Board have appointed Friday morning next at 9 of the clock to hear what they have to offer further in the matters of difference between them, and to desire that they will attend accordingly.
Mr. Jennings, Secretary of Virginia [fo. 149] presented to their lordships a memorial relating to the allowance he desires for the charges of his voyage from thence hither, and the loss and other inconveniencies occasioned to him by his attendance here in reference to the laws of that country, which was read; and thereupon a letter ordered to be writ to my Lord Treasurer [fo. 187] that he may have 200l. allowed him out of her Majesty's revenue arising in Virginia, over and above the summe of 100l. advanced to him by the Governour for this service.
The draught of a representation [fo. 155, 157] upon an Order of Councill relating to the petition of Richard Baily and other merchants of Bristol, praying that the ship Expectation, now in Virginia, may have liberty to return home, without staying for convoy, was agreed and ordered to be transcribed.
A letter from Mr. Secretary Hedges of the 3rd instant [fo. 190] relating to a proposal for the fortifying of Crook Haven in the West of Ireland, was read, and the petition of several merchants therein refer'd to, and other papers relating to that matter, were at the same time presented to the Board by Mr. Pierce Arnop of Crook Haven [fo. 194], a person principally concerned therein.
A representation [fo. 156] upon the Order of Councill relating to the petition of Richard Baily and other merchants of Bristol, that their ship the Expectation, now in Virginia, may have liberty to return home without staying for convoy, was signed.
The Board taking into consideration the report to be made to the House of Lords [fo. 150, 161], and not having yet received from the Custome House the papers desired by the secretary's letter to Mr. Lowndes of the 3rd instant, another letter was now writ by the Secretary to Mr. Sansom, to desire that those papers may be expedited according to my Lord Treasurer's direction, there being great occasion for them.
A letter was likewise writ by the Secretary to Mr. Newton [fo. 163] desiring an account of what money has been coined in the Tower since the last account delivered in by him, ending the 30th April last.
Mr. Raworth and Mr. Taylor attending [fo. 155] in defence of themselves against the petition of several other Canary merchants, who were also present in order to make good their allegations, the said petition and the reference thereupon signed by Mr. Secretary Harley, were read, as likewise the copy of her Majesty's grant or permission for two ships and a man of war to fetch off her subjects from the Canaries with the effects belonging to them and others, dated the 1st November, 1703; but Mr. Raworth's petition upon which the said grant was made not being amongst the papers produced by either side, he was desired to lay the same before the Board, which he said was not in his power, but promised a copy. The petitioners then produced a declaration before a notary, of John Baptista Cotto, master of a Genouese ship freighted at Lisbon for Teneriffe in December, 1703, with wheat, pease, candles, pork, beef, pilchards, poor jack &c., and setting forth that in part of his freight he received at Teneriffe a bill of exchange drawn from thence upon Mr. Robert Raworth and company. From whence the petitioners infer'd that the wines received lately by Mr. Raworth and partners in the ships called the Resolution and Mary were not such as had been recovered from the reprisalia that had been made upon them in the Canaries, as intended by her Majesty's grant, but purchased with these other effects sent thither since the war.
The said petitioners also laid before the Board eleven particular affidavits made by them of the damages they have suffered, by having been denyed tonnage in the said ships the Resolution and Mary, Mr. Raworth and partners having reserved it for themselves, and more particularly Mr. John Mead declared that when those ships were in the Canaries he had 40 pipes of wine ready to have put aboard if he could have had tonnage. Mr. Abell Dennis declared that he had 50 pipes. Mr. William Davies declared that he had 90 pipes, of which he laded but 30. Mr. John Lorking declared that he had 60 pipes, of which he laded but 12. They all agreed that the foresaid ships were big enough to have brought off all the English effects in the island. Mr. Raworth affirmed that he had sollicited the obtaining of the foresaid grant upon account of himself and partners, without any contribution from the petitioners towards the charge thereof, or any risque of theirs in the managing of the undertaking, yet alledged that tonnage for 135 pipes had been allotted to the merchants there, and desired that they might each of them set forth what effects they had there, which were recoverable as aforesaid and then ready to be shipt, but tonnage refused. The Board desired him to give a particular list [fo. 165] of the quantities of wine that had been shipt in those vessells by other persons and which did not belong to him and partners.
Their lordships taking into consideration the draught of a report [fo. 157, 173] in answer to the order of the House of Lords mention'd in the minutes of the 1st instant, and finding by the naval officer of Virginia's lists that there has been exported to England this year from that colony 228 barrills of pitch [fo. 87], Ordered that a letter be writ to Mr. Perry to desire to know of him to whom the said pitch is consigned, and that he would inform their lordships if he can of the quality of the said pitch and if fit for service.
A letter from Colonel Handasyd, Governour of Jamaica, dated the 17th of September last, was read; and thereupon ordered that a letter be writ to Mr. Secretary Hedges [fo. 189] inclosing to him the copies of paragraphs C and D. in the said letter relating to copies of the King of Spain's proclamations in Spanish, which Colonel Handasyd desires may be sent him, and to the want of more frigats for securing our trade on the Spanish coast in the West Indies. And further ordered that in the same letter, Mr. Secretary be acquainted with Colonel Handasyd's recommendation of Captain Gandy to command a ship of war at Jamaica.
A letter from Sir Beville Granville, Governour of Barbados, dated the 22nd of August last, was read; and thereupon ordered that a representation [fo. 167] be drawn upon paragraph C of the said letter relating to Mr. Frere's refusing to serve any longer in the Council.
A letter from Sir William Mathew, Governor of the Leeward Islands, dated at Nevis the 31st of August last, was read; and thereupon ordered that what he writes in paragraph G [fo. 175] relating to the French privateers being harboured at St. Thomas and supplyed with provisions there, be represented to her Majesty, and that it be submitted to her Majesty whether the King of Denmark be not obliged to refuse protection to the French privateers in America as well as in Europe.
And further ordered that paragraphs I and K [fo. 187] relating to the want of a frigat and to a cartel with the French be sent to Mr. Secretary Hedges. And upon what he writes relating to the want of guns [fo. 206], ordered that Mr. Cary be desired to attend the Board on Thursday morning next.
The Lord Bishop of London acquainting their Lordships that the Collector of the Customes in Pennsylvania being dead, Colonel Quary had put Mr. John Moor, Advocate of the Admiralty, in his place, and desiring their lordships to recommend the said Moor to my Lord Treasurer for that imployment; ordered that a letter be prepared accordingly.
Upon consideration of the papers inclosed in Mr. Lowndes's letter [fo. 163, 167] mentioned in yesterday's minutes, ordered that an answer be returned to Mr. Lowndes desiring that the Inspector General [fo. 176] may give their lordships an account of the exports and imports from Christmas, 1701, to Christmas, 1703, as also an account of the receipts and payments from Michaelmas, 1702, to Michaelmas last.
A copy of a paper signed by the said Raworth, Taylor and Maxy, dated the 21st of October, 1703, by which they ingaged not to carry any goods to the Canaries, nor to bring from thence any effects but what was truly their own at that time.
Mr. Bernard attending [fo. 145, 166], presented to their lordships the duplicate of the memorial of the four suspended counsellors of Barbados formerly received, with a second memorial, which last was read. And Mr. Bernard acquainting their lordships that they could not prove in England the allegations in their petition to her Majesty and their memorial to this Board, and desiring that orders might be sent to Barbados for taking of affidavits there according to the minutes of the 26th of the last month, their lordships gave directions for preparing a representation [fo. 167] upon the petition of the four suspended counsellors accordingly.
Mr. Melisha Holder [fo. 165, 169] having received several papers from Barbados, which he thought might be of use for their lordships' information, presented to their lordships a copy of the deposition of Charles Irwin, a minister in Barbados, relating to the differences that have been in the Assembly there, and a copy of the Bill for the security of the bays, towns, &c., with the reasons used in Barbados for and against the said Bill, which were laid before the Board.
An order of the House of Commons [fo. 168] of the 14th instant, directing this Board to lay before that House their opinion as to the best method for restraining commerce with France and negotiating bills of exchange from thence, was read.
A representation [fo. 162, 170] upon what Sir Beville Granville writes in his letter mentioned in the minutes of the 13th instant relating to Mr. Frere's refusing to give any further attendance in the Councill, and proposing that Mr. John Mills, whom the Governour had put in his place, might be confirmed therein, was agreed and ordered to be transcribed.
A letter from Mr. Lowndes of the 15th, in answer to one writ him the 14th instant [fo. 164] inclosing the abstracts of the receipts and payments of the Customes from Michaelmas, 1702, to Michaelmas last, was read.
Ordered that a letter be writ to Mr. Burchet to desire him to lay before his Royal Highness the Lord High Admiral's Councill what Sir William Matthew writes in paragraph F of his letter of the 31st August last [fo. 162] relating to the fleet of merchant-men ready to saile from the Leeward Islands, acquainting him further that a considerable fleet is expected at the same time from Barbados.
Upon consideration of that part of the order of the House of Commons [fo. 167], mentioned in yesterday's minutes, which relates to the restraining of commerce with France, ordered that a letter be writ to Mr. Lowndes, to desire him to move my Lord Treasurer that the Commissioners of the Customes be directed to return their opinion how the trade with France may be best restrained, and what they may have to propose, to render the several laws now in force in that particular more effectual. And as to that part of the said order which relates to negotiating bills of exchange, their lordships being informed that Mr. Lawrence Galdie, a French merchant, was able to give their lordships an insight into that matter, ordered that he be desired to attend the Board to-morrow morning [fo. 170].
Mr. Heysham with several Barbadoes gentlemen attending [fo. 166, 172], presented to their lordships two affidavits, the one by Mr. Guy Ball, and the other by Mr. William Baily and Henry Keep, masters of ships, to prove that article in their complaints relating to the Governour's exactions upon masters of ships &c., which were read. And these gentlemen acquainting their lordships that they could make no further proof here in England, and desiring that the Governour be directed by her Majesty's royal letter to give free liberty to the complainants, and any other person concerned, to make affidavit before any judge or other magistrate of what they know in those matters, and that such judge or magistrate be injoyned to summon such persons as the complainants shall name [fo. 179], ordered that a representation be drawn up accordingly, and further ordered that Mr. Ball's foresaid affidavit be sent both to the Governour and Mr. Skene, and that they be both directed to return their particular answers thereunto.
Mr. Galdie attending [fo. 169, 173], as had been desired, and being acquainted with the order of the House of Commons relating to the restraining of trade with France and negotiating of bills of exchange from thence, he said that it would be very difficult to stop effectually all trading with France, but however he thought it might in a great measure be done, and as to bills of exchange, he said that Mr. Huguetan, who is now settled at Geneva, pays the King of France's army in Italy by means of his bills of exchange, which are negotiated in England and Holland. The only method for preventing thereof would be to break the said Huguetan's credit, which was already much shaken in England, and he thought might be effectually done, either by a general prohibition of correspondence, or by some law directing all merchants and others, who shall receive bills of exchange drawn or endorsed by the said Huguetan, to protest the same. And he added that this must be done in Holland as well as England, or else it would not be effectual, and promised to bring a memorial [fo. 173] on Monday next upon these matters.
Sir John Stanley, Sir Robert Davers and Mr. Granville attending [fo. 169, 174, 178] and desiring to know what progress had been made in relation to the complaints against Sir Beville Granville, they were acquainted with the reports their lordships had already made upon that subject; whereupon they desired that directions may be given that Sir Beville Granville have copies of such affidavits as shall be taken in Barbados against him before they be transmitted into England. And in the meantime they desired to have copies of the depositions of Mr. Ball, William Bayly and Henry Keys, which were presented to their lordships the 16th instant, which their lordships directed to be given them accordingly.
The draught of a report [fo. 170, 176] in answer to the order of the House of Commons of the 14th instant was agreed, and a letter to Mr. Secretary Hedges, desiring him to lay the same before her Majesty, was signed.
An Order of Councill of the 16th instant upon a representation [fo. 170] of the same date on the petition of the four suspended counsellors of Barbados, directing this Board to prepare the draught of a letter for her Majesty's royal signature to Sir Beville Granville, as is proposed by the said representation being read, ordered that a letter be prepared accordingly [fo. 187].
Several members of the Lustring Company attending, as directed the 17th instant [fo. 171], and being asked several questions, they answered in substance as follows: That they had reason to believe that the smuggling trade with France was carryed on now as much as ever; that about ten days ago 56 pieces of lustrings and alamodes were seized soon after their landing on the coast of Sussex; that though there be great penalties upon those that shall be found carrying on that trade, yet great quantities of silks are landed, which escape being seized; and that the best method they can think of for preventing that trade of the carrying out of our wooll would be to have more ships for the guard of our coasts. After which they promised to discourse with Mr. Baker and then to attend the Board to-morrow sevenight, to give their lordships an account of what they should agree upon as the best method for preventing this trade with France.
Several of the Canary merchants attending [fo. 165, 191] presented to their lordships a further memorial containing several instances of Mr. Raworth's having sent effects to the Canaries since the declaration of war; as also eleven affidavits to show what wines they have ready to ship off from the Canaries, had Mr. Raworth allowed them tonnage.
A letter from Mr. Secretary Hedges of the 18th instant, directing the Board to consider how the furnishing of provisions to the French plantations from St. Thomas may be prevented, was read, and an answer thereunto drawn up and signed.
The draught of a representation, as directed the 13th instant, [fo. 162, 179] upon paragraph G of Sir William Matthew's letter of 31st August last, relating to French privateers being harboured at St. Thomas, was agreed and ordered to be transcribed.
A report in answer to an order of the House of Commons of the 14th instant [fo. 173] requiring this Board to lay before that House their opinion as to the best method for restraining commerce with France and negotiating bills of exchange from thence, was agreed and signed, and Mr. Blathwayt was desired to lay the same before the House.
Their lordships made a further progress in the draught of the report to the House of Lords [fo. 173, 177], and a letter was writ to Mr. Secretary Hedges [fo. 183] praying her Majesty's leave for laying the same before that House.
Ordered that a letter be writ to Mr. Davenant [fo. 164, 180], Inspector General of the Customes, desiring him to dispatch the accounts of imports and exports from Christmas, 1701, to Christmas, 1703, as directed by the Lord Treasurer.
A letter was writ to Mr. Tucker desiring him to communicate to this Board the treaties relating to trade which are now in force between England and Denmark. Whereupon Mr. Tucker sent to their lordships the treaty concluded in December, 1691, with intimation that there were no others in Mr. Secretary Hedges's office. Ordered that a copy of the said treaty be made.
An Order of Councill of the 16th instant upon a report from Mr. Attorney and Mr. Sollicitor General [fo. 97] on that part of a representation of this Board of the 10th of July last, relating to Connecticut and Rhode Island, directing that the agents of those colonies be acquainted with her Majesty's pleasure that they be heard before her Majesty in Councill the 30th instant, in point of law, against her Majesty's appointing Governours over those colonies during the war, was read, and Mr. Wharton, agent for Rhode Island attending, the said order was communicated to him, and he desiring to have copies [fo. 180] of that part of those letters from the Lord Cornbury and Colonel Dudley mentioned in the foresaid representation, ordered that they be given him accordingly.
Mr. Heysham with other Barbados gentlemen attending [fo. 172, 187], a copy of Mr. Irwin's deposition relating to Mr. Downes of Barbados, which was presented to their lordships the 15th instant, was delivered to them; and these gentlemen desiring that the two depositions presented by them to the Board the 16th instant, might be annexed to their lordships representation upon the petition of seven of the Assembly of Barbados, they were acquainted that the said depositions should be mentioned in their said report.
The draught of a representation upon what Sir William Matthew writes in paragraph G of his letter of the 31st of August last [fo. 175, 183] relating to the French being supplyed with provisions from the island of St. Thomas, was read and a progress made therein.
Ordered that a letter be writ to Mr. Burchet [fo. 184] desiring to be informed what answer the commodore of the Newfoundland convoy has returned to the heads of inquiry sent him the 24th of August last.
The extracts of several letters [fo. 178, 182] from the Lord Cornbury and Colonel Dudley, and of the representations of this Board thereupon, which were directed at the last meeting to be delivered to the agents of Connecticut and Rhode Island, were laid before their lordships, the list whereof is as follows, viz.:—
Ordered that Mr. Borret be desired to call here to-morrow morning and that copies of the same papers mentioned in yesterday's minutes [fo. 180], to be delivered to the agents of Connecticut and Rhode Island, be delivered to him, and that he be directed to attend Mr. Attorney and Mr. Sollicitor General therewith in order to the hearing appointed [fo. 184] by her Majesty in Councill on Thursday next.
A letter from Mr. Secretary Hedges, in answer to one writ him the 21st instant [fo. 176], signifying her Majesty's pleasure that the Board do lay before the House of Lords the account they desire of the state of the trade of his kingdom since the last session of Parliament, was read.
A letter from Mr. Burchet of the 23rd instant, in answer to one writ him the same day [fo. 179, 198] promising to send hither the commodore of the Newfoundland convoy's answer to the heads of inquiry so soon as he shall receive the same, was read.
Sir Henry Ashhurst attending, and desiring that the hearing [fo. 183] before her Majesty, appointed for Thursday next, relating to Connecticut and Rhode Island may be put off for some time longer, he was acquainted that it was put off till further order [fo. 191].
A report [v. supra], in answer to the order of the House of Lords of the 31st of the last month, requiring this Board to lay before that House an account of the state of the trade of this kingdom since the last session of Parliament, was signed.
A paper intituled, A general scheme for the land guard of the southern coasts of Ireland, for preventing of correspondence with France, as also Mr. Henry Baker's report thereupon, received some days agoe from Mr. Knox, was laid before the Board.
The deputy governour and several members of the Lustring Company presented to their lordships a memorial, setting forth the hardships they labour under in the carrying on of that manufacture, which was read; and they were acquainted that their lordships would consider it further at a convenient opportunity.
A petition from John Adams, setting forth the hard usage he received from Captain Lloyd, with certificates relating thereunto, was read; and thereupon ordered [fo. 199] that copies of the said papers be delivered to Captain Lloyd for his answer.
And Captain Lloyd attending, and being asked several questions, he answered that there were seventy English ships at Newfoundland this season, 63 whereof came to England and Portugal, but he did not know the quantity of fish taken, that the English took on the banks of Newfoundland 17 French ships, that the boom in St. John's harbour is near finished. He then presented to the [Board] the muster roll of the company at Newfoundland, dated 12th of September, 1704, by which it appears that the said company is complete, as also the examinations of several spies sent to Placentia, and also of deserters from thence, whereupon ordered that a copy of the said muster roll be taken, and the original delivered to the agent.
Mr. Lillington and Mr. Bernard attending [fo. 174, 178], and desiring their lordships to dispatch the draught of a letter for her Majesty's signature to Sir Beville Granville, relating to the complaints of the four suspended counsellors, they were acquainted that it should be laid before her Majesty on Thursday next [fo. 189]. The draught of such a letter was agreed and ordered to be transcribed.
A letter to Mr. Secretary Hedges [fo. 163, 216] inclosing the paragraphs I and K of Sir William Matthews's letter of the 31st of August last, relating to a greater naval strength for the Leeward Islands, and to the exchanging of prisoners with the French, was signed.
A letter from her Majesty to Sir Beville Granville, Governour of Barbados, signifying that she has been pleased to grant Mr. Patrick Meine liberty for a further stay in England, was communicated to the Board by the said Patrick Meine, and a copy thereof ordered to be taken.
Ordered that a letter be writ to Mr. Davenant, Inspector General of the Customes, to desire him to send to this Board an account of the exports and imports from Christmas, 1702, to Christmas, 1703, so soon as they can be perfected.
The draught of a letter from her Majesty to Sir Beville Granville [fo. 187] upon the petition of the four suspended counsellors being transcribed, as directed in yesterday's minutes, was sent to Mr. Secretary Hedges for her Majesty's signature.
A letter to Mr. Secretary Hedges, upon what Colonel Handasyd writes in his letter of the 17th of September last [fo. 161] relating to the King of Spain's proclamations in Spanish to the want of greater naval strength, and to Captain Gandy, was signed.
Ordered that the secretary write to Captain Bennet acquainting him that they have received no letters from him since theirs of the 24th August last; and that they expect particular accounts from him of all transactions in his government by every opportunity.
The petition of several merchants [fo. 156] relating to the fortifying of Crook Haven with the reference and the several papers relating thereunto, were read; and thereupon ordered that the merchants have notice to attend their lordships on Tuesday next in the morning [fo. 194].
Mr. Heysham with several Barbados gentlemen attending, and desiring their lordships to dispatch their representation [fo. 183, 194] upon the petition of seven members of the Assembly of Barbados, they were acquainted that it was already sent to the Councill Board.