Journals of the Board of Trade and Plantations, Volume 2, February 1709 - March 1715. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1925.
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Journal, July 1711
A letter from Mr. Lowndes, of the 28th of the last month, signifying my Lord Treasurer's desire to know upon what terms the Palatines were sent to New York, &c. [fo. 382], was read. Whereupon ordered that copies of the several representations in this office, relating thereunto, be sent to my Lord Treasurer accordingly.
A memorial from the Portugal merchants, part whereof is in answer to a letter wrote them the 6th of March last [fo. 255], relating to the general state of that trade, other part thereof relates to the complaints of the Consul at Lisbon against some merchants refusing to conform themselves to rules for the benefit of the factory there [fo. 371, 399], was read, and their lordships agreed to take the same into further consideration.
Their lordships then took into consideration the draught of a representation upon the petition of Mr. Seymour [fo. 393, 396], mentioned in the minutes of the 29th of the last month, and made a progress therein.
A letter from Mr. Carkesse, of the 2nd instant, in answer to one writ him the 23rd of the last month, relating to certificates for British ships passing through the Sound, &c. [fo. 393, 402], inclosing a printed copy of one of the said certificates, was read. Whereupon ordered that the draught of an answer be prepared to the Duke of Queensberry's letter of the 23rd of May last, read the 24th ditto, relating to such certificates.
Their lordships taking into consideration the security of the settlements upon the coast of Africa, ordered that a letter be writ to Mr. Perry, to acquaint him that their lordships desire to speak with any three of the members of the Royal African Company on Fryday morning next [fo. 381, v. infra, 401, 402, 404] upon that subject, and that letters be writ to Mr. Harris and Mr. Milner, to signify the same to the separate traders, that their lordships desire to speak with any three of them upon the same matter.
A letter from the Lord Dartmouth, of yesterday's date, referring to the Board the copy of a letter from Captain Holland, late commander of the ship Scarborough [v. supra] relating to the settlements on the coast of Africa, and to the trade there, was read. Where-upon ordered that a letter be writ to Mr. Burchet, to desire that the said Captain Holland [fo. 400] may have notice to attend the Board to-morrow morning.
Ordered that letters be writ to Mr. Dockwra and Mr. Richier, to let their lordships know whether they have received any account from New Jersey [P. fo. 8], touching the transactions between the Council and Assembly of that province, that a day may be appointed for them to attend their lordships on that matter.
Their lordships took into consideration the memorial from the Portugal merchants relating to the general state of that trade [fo. 395], and to the complaint of the Consul at Lisbon, mentioned in the minutes of the 2nd instant, and made a progress therein.
Ordered that a letter be writ to Mr. Attorney and Mr. Solicitor General, to remind them of a letter writ them the 3rd of January last [fo. 164] for their opinion upon some heads then transmitted to them for preventing certain illegal proceedings of the court of grand session in Barbadoes, and to desire that they will let their lordships have the same as soon as conveniently may be.
Further ordered that a letter be written to Mr. Attorney General, to remind him of another letter to him, of the 27th of April last, for his opinion on the petition of Wait Winthrop and others [fo. 316], relating to the Narraganset country, to desire him to let their lordships have the same as soon as he can conveniently.
Captain Holland, late commander of the Scarborough, attending [fo. 398] as he had been desired, and being asked several questions relating to the state of the British settlements on the coast of Africa, mentioned in his letter (which was read the 4th instant), he said that he was there in August last; that the factories at Gambia and Sierraleon are demolished (which first is the best place for trade); that the rest are in a miserable condition, ill provided with stores, and little or no care taken of them by the company; that the best fort there is Cape Corse Castle, the walls are of brick 14 foot thick, with 4 bastions, but it is in the same condition as the rest, with relation to stores of war, &c.; that if the forts were to be repaired and put into a condition of defence, it would require 20,000l., and 3 or 400 men to be in garrison there; that he hears the Lords of the Admiralty are about sending two ships of war thither; and he concluded that, if the British settlements be deserted for want of protection, the Dutch, Portuguese or French would infallibly take possession of them.
Mr. Pindar and Mr. Perry attending in behalf of the Royal African Company [fo. 397], and being asked the same questions as Captain Holland had been, they said that by the last letters they had received from their agents there, they did not apprehend their settlements to be in any immediate danger, unless they be attacked by a considerable force; that there were now two ships of war, and two of their own ships which sailed from hence in April last with stores and other necessaries, upon the coast; that they had petitioned her Majesty for what they thought necessary for the better defence and security of their settlements; a copy of which petition they presented to their lordships, which was read. Then being asked what number of men and quantity of stores of war they thought would be necessary for the defence and security of the said settlements, they said they would consider thereof, and give their lordships their proposal in writing some day the next week.
Mr. Harris, Mr. Milner and Mr. Morris [fo. 397], in behalf of the separate traders, attending upon the same occasion, and being asked what they had to offer in relation to the securing the said settlements on the coast of Africa, they presented to their lordships their proposal upon that matter; which being too general, they were desired to reconsider the same, and to make their proposal more particular, in relation to the number of men and quantity of ammunition and stores of war to be sent thither, which they promised to do accordingly.
A letter to Mr. Secretary St. John, upon the extract of a letter from Mr. Pulteney, her Majesty's Envoy at the court of Denmark, relating to certificates for ships passing through the Sound [fo. 396, v. infra] referrd to this Board by the late Duke of Queensberry, was agreed, and ordered to be transcribed.
A letter from the Lord Dartmouth, of the 6th of July, 1711, inclosing a letter from the Commissioners of the Admiralty to his lordship, of the third of the last month [fo. 397], relating to the trade to Africa, was read.
A letter from Mr. Burchet about Mr. Crow, the Commodore of the Newfoundland convoy, desiring to know how he is to behave himself in relation to the several clauses in the heads of enquiry [fo. 260], which he says requires penalties to be inflicted either by seizures or forfeitures, was read, and an answer thereunto was agreed and ordered to be sent.
An Order of Council, of the 14th of June, 1711, reffering to their lordships a petition of the Lords Proprietors of Carolina [fo. 405], praying her Majesty's approbation of Edward Hyde, esquire, to be Governor of North Carolina, was read, and directions given for preparing the draught of a representation thereupon.
A letter from the separate traders to Africa, of this day's date, inclosing a proposal for securing the settlements on that coast [fo. 397, 405], together with an account of the ammunition, &c., necessary for each settlement, was read.
A letter from Mr. Richier, of the 9th instant, to the secretary, relating to the complaint he and others have to make against the proceedings of four of the members of the Council of New Jersey, was read.
A letter from Mr. George Clark, secretary of New York, dated the 28th May, 1711, was read, and the papers therein referred to were laid before the Board, and are as follows, vizt.:
Account of fees taken in the Supream Court at New York, &c, Copy of a report from a committee of the Council, appointed to consider the table of fees of 1693, &c.
A second letter from him, of the 30th May, 1711, relating to Colonel Hunter's being gone to set the Palatines to work, to the disorders that have happend among them, and to Mr. Bridger, was read, and the papers referrd to therein were laid before the Board, and are as follows, vizt.:
Letter to Colonel Hunter from the Commissioners appointed for Indian affairs, relating to the design the French have to take possession at Onondage.
Letter to Colonel Hunter from the Commissioners appointed for Indian affairs, relating to his proceedings with the Indians at Onondage, &c.
A third letter from him, of the 31st of the same month, relating to the repentance and submission of the Palatines, &c., and to the proceedings with the five nations of Indians, was read, as also Colonel Schuyler's Journal refferr'd to therein, relating to his negotiations with the five nations of Indians at Onondage.
Ordered that abstracts of the said letters relating to the Palatines be prepared, to be laid before my Lord Treasurer, and relating to the five nations of Indians [fo. 408], to be sent to the Lord Dartmouth.
A letter from Mr. Bridger to the secretary, dated at Boston the 22nd of May, 1711, complaining of the great waste that is made in her Majesty's woods by Mr. Mico, &c., was read. Whereupon ordered that Mr. Collins have notice to attend the Board on Fryday morning next.
A memorial from the planters and merchants of Jamaica residing here, setting forth the apprehensions they are under, of the danger that island and her Majesty's other islands in the West Indies are exposed to from the fleet and forces the French have sent to those parts, and praying effectual relief for the security thereof, &c., together with a proposal relating thereto, were read; whereupon a letter, inclosing the same to the Earl of Dartmouth, was sign'd.
The draught of a letter to the Earl of Dartmouth upon what Mr. Clark, secretary of New York writes [fo. 407, 410] relating to the methods used by the French to corrupt the five nations of Indians, &c., was agreed, and ordered to be transcribed.
A letter from Colonel Hamilton, Commander in Chief of the Leeward Islands, dated at Nevis, the 2nd of June, 1711, giving an account of the preparations the French are making at Martinico, to attack some of those islands, was read.
A letter from Mr. Lowndes, referring to their lordships an extract of a letter from Colonel Spotswood to the Lord Dartmouth [fo. 421], complaining that Mr. Corbin, the naval officer of Rapahanock River, had clear'd the Robinson frigat without his knowledge, and informing his lordship that he suspected there had been a razure in some words in a letter under her Majesty's signal manual and signet, were read, as was the copy of her Majesty's forementioned letter therewith transmitted; and it appearing that the said copy was dated at Windsor the 18th February, 1709, in the eighth year of her Majesty's reign, the secretary was sent to the Lord Dartmouth's office, to examine the books there, and being returned, he acquainted their lordships that the letter is there enter'd and dated at Windsor the 18th day September, 1708, in the 7th year of her Majesty's reign; and their lordships further taking notice that in the copy of her Majesty's said letter, mention is made that the opinion of the Lord High Admiral had been had upon that matter, ordered that a letter be writ to Mr. Burchet [fo. 416], for a copy of the Lord High Admiral's report in relation to the said ship Robinson.
A Letter to the Earl of Dartmouth, upon what Mr. Clarke, secretary of New York [fo. 408], writ in his late letters concerning some French officers having been amongst the five nations of Indians, was signed.
Captain Holland attending, as he had been directed, and being asked what number of ships, what number of soldiers and quantity of stores and ammunition was necessary to be sent for the protection of the settlements on the coast of Africa [fo. 405], he said that in relation to ships of war he did not think that the settlements cou'd be effectually secur'd without two 4th rates, and two 5th rates, to cruize in different stations, two to the leeward, and two to the windward.
As to the number of soldiers, he said, that the African Company have there about 100 men, vizt., in Cape Corse Castle about 60 (in which place there are about 35 guns mounted, some of which are four and twenty pounders); in Commenda about 18 men, in Dicky's Cove 12, and in Succunde 12; so that he thought if 200 men were sent from hence, it might be sufficient, with the assistance of the foremention'd ships of war, to secure the settlements.
Mr. Pindar, Mr. Blake, and Mr. Perry, in behalf of the Royal African Company, attending, and being asked the same questions as Captain Holland, they said that, if the French sent no greater force than usual to those parts, they hoped two fourth-rates, to be ready to sail from hence in a month's time or sooner, might be sufficient to protect their settlements; but, if there was any design of annoying the French, then it wou'd be necessary to have four ships, two to cruize to windward, and two to leeward.
As to the number of men, they said that they had there on the coast above 100 whites, most of them artificers, who serve upon occasion as soldiers; that they have about 500 mulatoes, who are bred up in their factories, and will be of service upon occasion;
that they intend to send about 40 men more; and therefore they were of opinion that, if her Majesty wou'd be pleased to send 100 men, to be disposed of in the several factories, they might be sufficient to protect the Gold Coast.
Then being asked what incouragement they give to the persons they send over, and whether they could not raise 100 men besides the 40 they intend to send, if they had money for it; they said that as they only send artificers, they give them, some 20, some 30 pounds, and others more or less a year, and one month's salary advance, and that they hoped they should be able, if they had money advanced, to raise the 140 men abovesaid. However they wou'd make enquiry and let their lordships know in a few days what they shou'd be able to do.
As to stores, they said that they are now about sending a ship with a sortable cargo, to be disposed of there towards the payment and subsistence of their servants and support of their factories; so that what they send is only for sale, and therefore what they have humbly desir'd of her Majesty is contain'd in their proposal presented to their lordships the 12th instant.
These gentlemen being desir'd to make an estimate of the charge of the whole that is now to be sent, both what they intend to send themselves and what they desire from her Majesty, distinguishing what part of that charge they can bear, they promised to do it accordingly, and lay it before their lordships the beginning of next week.
Mr. Heysham, Mr. Milner, Mr. Harris, and other separate traders attending, and being asked the same questions as Captain Holland [fo. 411, 415], their answer in relation to ships of war was the same as Captain Holland's.
Then being desir'd, in like manner as the company had been, to make an estimate of the charge of what they proposed, they promised to do the same, and send it to the office on Saturday or Monday next.
Mr. Heysham, Mr. Harris and Mr. Milner with other separate traders attending, presented to their lordships a memorial, containing an estimate of what they thought necessary to be sent at present to Africa, for the security of the settlements there [fo. 414] which was read. Whereupon Mr. Secretary St. John was acquainted that the Board had received the forementioned estimates, that the Lords of the Committee of Council may appoint a day for the further consideration of that matter [fo. 416].
A letter from Mr. Secretary St. John, of yesterday's date, signifying that the Lords of the Committee of Council will meet at this Board to-morrow at 12 of the clock, to consider further of the trade to Africa [fo. 415, 417], was read. Whereupon ordered that some of the members of the Royal African Company, some of the separate traders, and Captain Holland have notice to attend at the same time.
A letter from Mr. Burchet, of the 20th instant, with a copy of the report of his late royal highness the Lord High Admiral [fo. 410] on the petition of the owners of the Robinson frigat, was read, and directions were given for preparing an answer to Mr. Lowndes's letter, read the 19th ditto, upon that matter.
Sir William Humphrys with several members of the Royal African Company attending, their estimate of the several particulars by them desired for the present support of the settlements on the coast of Africa [fo. 416, 422] was again read, and these gentlemen were asked several questions thereupon as follows:
How they computed the 6l. 13s. 6d. per head for raising artificers, and the 4l. 15s. 6d. for soldiers; to which they answer'd that the first was the customary allowance they always made, and was given to the said artificers in money, for providing themselves with cloaths and other necessarys for the voyage; that the 4l. 15s. 6d. was laid out by the company for necessaries for the soldiers, and therefore they desired that money amounting to 572l. 10s. 0d. might be imediately impressed to them, without which they could not raise the said men.
Then being asked why they demanded at present the salaries for the artificers, and the pay for the soldiers for six months, amounting to 1,075l., which is not to commence till after their arrival, they said that the reason was, because that money was to be vested in goods here, to be sold upon the coast; and that it was absolutely necessary those goods should be sent along with the men, in order to pay them once a month, as they do their other servants. That the cargoe of goods they intend themselves to send, amounting to 2,500l. is to be sold for the payment of the servants they have already there; and they agreed that, if the several particulars they desired would not be sent to the coast of Africa on board the men-of-war, they would find tunnage for them.
Being asked what security they would give that the Queen should be reimbursed the money she should advance at present upon this account, they said they hoped that the Parliament the next year, when the trade to Africa shall come to be settled, will make provision that those who shal have the management of that trade for the future shall be liable to make good what her Majesty shall now advance, or they were willing to give one of the companies bonds for it.
Mr. Martin, Mr. Duport and several other Leeward Island merchants attending, in relation to a clause in an Act pass'd this sessions of Parliament, entituled An Act for licensing and regulating hackney coaches and chairs, &c., whereby the sume of 103,003l. 11s. 4d. is granted, to be distributed amongst the inhabitants of Nevis and St. Christopher's who have resettled their plantations; they were directed to lay before their lordships a list of the names of such persons as have made resettlements [fo. 433] together with the vouchers they have thereunto, which they promised to do accordingly.
A representation upon the Lord Baltimore's petition, relating to his right of nominating Governors of Maryland [fo. 415], was signed, and order'd that a letter be writ to Mr. Attorny General, to acquaint him that their lordships have no objection to his report, and that they have signed theirs this day.
A letter to the secretarys of the Treasury, in answer to one from Mr. Lowndes of the 17th instant [fo. 409], upon a letter from Mr. Spotswood, Lieutenant Governor of Virginia, complaining that Mr. Corbin, the naval officer of Rhappahanock River, had clear'd the Robinson frigat without his knowledge, and that he suspected there had been a razure in some words of the letter under her Majesty's sign manual and signet, was agreed, and ordered to be sent.
Her Majesty's warrant, dated at Windsor the 10th instant, for granting to Thomas Day, esquire, a peice of ground in Bermuda [fo. 94] whereon his brother, when Governor, built a house, or for allowing the Assembly to purchase that house for 200l. sterling, for the use of the Governor there for the time being, was laid before their lordships, and the draught of a letter to Colonel Bennet [fo. 423], inclosing the same, was agreed, and ordered to be transcribed.
Two memorials from the Royal African Company; the one, offering an obligation under the seal of the company for re-imbursing her Majesty what expence she shall be at in the protection of their settlements [fo. 417]; the other, praying that the men they shall raise be put on board one of the guard ships in the Thames till they can be sent to Africa, were read.
A letter to Colonel Bennet, Governor of Bermuda, inclosing her Majesty's warrant, dated the 10th of June, 1711 [fo. 422], relating to a peice of ground on which Mr. Day, late Governor of that island, had built a house, was signed.