Journals of the Board of Trade and Plantations, Volume 7, January 1735 - December 1741. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1930.
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Journal, August 1735
A report to the Lords of the Committee of Council upon an Act, passed at New York in 1732, to repeal the Act and to cancel the bills of credit therein mentioned, and to grant unto his Majesty several duties for supporting his government in the Colony of New York until September 1st, 1737, laying a duty on the importation of negroes and European goods; and inclosing the draught of an instruction to Colonel Cosby to pass another Act, not liable to the same objections, agreed the 30th of the last month, was signed [fo. 160].
Mr. Banister (Mr. Crawley's chief workman) attending, as he had been desired, acquainted the Board that the last two or three years there had been two or three thousand ton of Russia iron imported per annum, some of it from Narva, but most from Siberia, very ordinary, chiefly used for nails; that there is one sort of it called government iron, marked with a spread eagle, the thinner it is rolled the tougher it is, chiefly used for rods and hoops; Russia iron is generally brittle, the best of it is Coltshire, and sold from £11 to £13 per ton, but not fit for ships, nor in any one thing to be depended on [fo. 169, 187].
He thinks plantation iron as good as Swedish, which is fifty per cent. better than Russia, and has made bars from plantation pigg iron as good as any, and that he saw about 25 ton of Maryland iron worked, which proved as tough and well made as Swedish.
If we had wood enough, we could make it here as much as wanted but as that is scarce and land carriage of the piggs etc., back and forward to and from the forges, he judges it best to encourage the importation of bar iron rather than piggs and sows; for plantation iron will make good steel, and that the Baltimore piggs are as good for any use as any can be had; that they will afford two-thirds of forged iron, and therefore, if the importation of bars is not encouraged, the planters will fall into iron manufactures.
German steel, he says, is sold here for Forty shillings per cwt., and in the plantations for thirty one shilings, by reason of the drawbacks; he says the government would save one third, by having their guns made in the plantations.
Ordered that a letter be prepared to the Commissioners of the Customs, to desire that any packets or letters brought to their warehouse, and directed to this office, may be immediately sent hither or notice thereof [fo. 183].
The draught of an instruction to Mr. Matthew, Governor of the Leeward Islands, empowering him to assent to an Act in the Island of Montserrat, for laying an impost of gunpowder on the tonnage of shipping trading to and from that island, ordered to be prepared the 30th ult., was agreed to; and a report thereon ordered to be prepared [fo. 164, 182].
Mr. Fury, Mr. Sharpe, Mr. Hume, Mr. Fane, Mr. Yonge and Mr. Wright attending, as they had been directed the 31st ult., the order of the Lords of the Committee of March 22nd, 1733/4, read May 16th, 1734, referring to this Board the petition of Robert Wright Esqr., Chief Justice of South Carolina, against An Act passed in that province in February, 1731/2, to prevent any delay of justice that may be occasioned by not drawing the juries, which are to serve at the next ensuing Court of Common Pleas etc., and for the regulating of the several courts therein mentioned, and another order of the said Committee, referring to the Board a second petition of the said Robert Wright, read the 12th February last, against An Act passed in the same province for the better regulating the courts of justice, and for altering the time of holding courts. [fo. 167. Bundle E18. Ibid. 46].
Mr. Hume said that from the first settlement of the province to the year 1719, they had no assistant judges; the people in 1719 chose their own governor and appointed assistant judges till 1721, and Colonel Nicholson being appointed governor by the Crown. continued them, as did Mr. Middleton, who commanded in chief after Governor Nicholson, until Colonel Johnson, the last governor, arrived there in 1730, from which time until Mr. Wright was appointed, all returns were made to the chief justice, and he sat alone, and it continued so sometime after Mr. Wright's arrival; but he not attending the courts by reason of bad weather, the first of the two forementioned Acts was passed, by which Act assistant judges were to be appointed and empowered to act equal with the chief justice, vizt., to hold courts and to adjourn them, until the chief justice comes, and then to vote with him; before this Act the chief justice received all the fees, but this Act has deprived him of several.
That the clause about factors suing in their own names is contrary to the laws of England, and may be inconvenient; because if the factor recovers and becomes insolvent, the principal can have no relief.
He also made some objections to the clauses for excusing the attendance of justices at sessions, and allowing security upon an injunction to be given to a Master in Chancery, instead of depositing the money.
He alledged that this Act was contrary to the 15th and 22nd articles of the Governor's instructions; as to the clauses about holding courts, which are perpetual, and the rest of the Act temporary, for 5 years only; and that it was of an extraordinary nature, and yet had no suspending clause, to prevent its execution until his Majesty's pleasure were known.
Mr. Sharpe in behalf of the Act, said that the petition coming from a single person i.e. the Chief Justice only, came with an ill grace, especially his complaint against the assistant judges having part of the fees.
Then he read part of a petition from the people of South Carolina to the Assembly, imputing all those disturbances about these Acts to Mr. Wright's ignorance in the laws, and desiring he might be suspended.
Upon the whole their lordships were of opinion that both the forementioned laws should be repealed as being unnecessary, and that the Governor be instructed to nominate the assistant judges, it being an encroachment on the prerogative of the Crown, to do it by an Act of Assembly; and ordered the draught of an instruction to be prepared accordingly, and of a report accompanying the same [fo. 184].
Mr. Vernezobre presented a memorial, desiring the land to be granted to his 17 servants in South Carolina, according to the Governor's instructions for encouraging new comers and settling townships there, may be granted in his name, was read, and he was acquainted that the prayer of his memorial could not be complied with, by reason that the Governor's 43rd instruction directs that every new settler shall have a town lot and 50 acres of land for each person his family shall consist of.
The letter to the Commissioners of the Customs, ordered to be prepared the 6th instant, desiring that any packets of letters brought to their warehouse, and directed for this office, may be immediately sent hither or notice thereof, was signed [fo. 176, 195].
Mr. Partridge's letter, read the last meeting, in defence of the New Jersey Act laying a duty on copper ore exported to other plantations, was again read; and the representation, with an instruction to the Governor to procure a new law to be enacted to the same purpose, except what relates to copper, was agreed to and signed [fo. 159].
Then Mr. Partridge presented a memorial containing his reasons in support of the New Jersey Act for making £40,000 in bills of credit, passed in 1733, which was read, and Mr. Sharpe desiring a copy of it, the same was ordered accordingly, and he was desired to give his answer thereto as soon as possible.
Representation with an instruction to Mr. Mathew, Governor of the Leeward Islands, to pass an Act for laying a duty of gunpowder upon ships entering and clearing at Montserrat, agreed to at the last meeting, was signed [fo. 182, 262].
Letter from him, dated May 24th, 1735, with 2 petitions to him.
1st. Of several gentlemen for a tract of land on the westward of Pennsylvania.
2nd. Of several inhabitants on the west of Virginia praying a remission of quit rents and taxes.
Letter from him, dated July 13th, 1734, with accounts of
The revenue of 2s. per hogshead on tobacco exported from 25th October, 1733, to 25th April, 1734, and
The revenue of quit rents from the 25th April, 1733, and 25th April, 1734.
List of ships entered and cleared in several ports of Virginia in 1733 and 1734.
Letter from Major Gooch, Governor of Virginia, dated 27th
August, 1734, transmitting
Major Gooch's speech to the Council and Assembly on the 22nd of August, 1734, with addresses from the Council and House of Burgesses in answer thereto.
Sir John Randolph's speech, upon his being elected Speaker of the House of Burgesses.
Letter from Major Gooch, dated November 20th, 1734, transmitting
Account of his Majesty's revenue of 2s. per hogshead in Virginia from April 25th, 1734, to the 25th October, 1734.
Certificates relating to the private bills passed in the Assembly of Virginia in 1734.
Minutes of Council, from 17th October, 1733, to the 14th June, 1734.
Minutes of Council in Assembly, from 22nd August to 4th October, 1734.
Journal of the House of Burgesses, from 22nd August to 4th October, 1734.
Thirty one Acts passed October 4th, 1734.
Letter from Mr. Wright, with a copy of his father's appointment to be chief justice of South Carolina, was read, and the report, agreed to yesterday, for repealing the two Carolina Acts about courts of judicature, was signed.
A letter from Major Ayscough, President and Commander in
Chief at Jamaica, dated May the 15th, 1735, was read, and the
papers, referred to therein, were laid before the Board, and are
as follows [fo. 189, 193].
Address of the President, Council and Assembly of Jamaica to his Majesty, praying for cannon and small arms for their defence.
Representation of the President, Council and Assembly of Jamaica to this Board, relating to the products, manufactures, trade and defence of that island.
Reasons in justification of Major Ayscough's passing the Act for martial law in Jamaica.
Five Acts passed in Jamaica May 3rd, 1735.
And a copy of the clause for preventing the officers of his Majesty's forces there from enlisting recruits in that island, with the Council's opinion upon it, to the Secretary at War, to know if consistent with the king's instructions to the said officers.
Letter from him, dated December 7th, 1734, recommending
some gentlemen to supply vacancies in the Council of New York
and giving a state of the case in relation to the Mohawk Indians'
Report of a Committee of the Council at New York in February, 1733/4, relating to a contentious letter found in Mr. Alexander's house in New York.
Letter from Mr. Harrison to the Mayor, Aldermen etc., of New York, relating to the divisions in that province in 1733/4.
Several printed papers, containing reflections on the Governor and magistrates at New York in 1734.
Draught of an Act to lay a duty on tea, and two draughts of an Act for appointing agents for the Province of New York.
Attested copy of a charter granted to the City of New York by Colonel Montgomery in 1731.
Letter from him, dated June 10th, 1735, with his remarks on
nineteen Acts passed in New York in 1734, and transmitting
Copy of the exceptions against the constituting a Court of
Chancery in New York.
Account of the quit rents at New York, from Michaelmas, 1733, to Michaelmas, 1734.
Minutes of Council, beginning December 7th, 1733, and ending April 5th, 1735.
Letter from Mr. Belcher, Governor of New England, dated
November 13th, 1733, signifying that the Assembly have supplied
the Treasury according to his instructions, have granted £3000
to the late Governor Burnet's orphans, and taken care of
Frederick's Fort at Pemaquid.
Land bank scheme considered.
A paper about a land bank to be erected at Boston.
Votes of the House of Representatives, relating to supplying the Treasury with public money, the security of Frederick's Fort etc.
Ordered that a state of the case, relating to the said scheme, be prepared and sent to the Attorney General for his opinion thereupon, and if upon the whole it appear improper, what may be done to prevent its taking place [fo. 197].
Order of the Lords of the Committee of Council, dated August 4th, 1735, referring to this Board the petition of the trustees for establishing the Colony of Georgia, praying for stores of war for their defence, was read; ordered that Mr. Martyn, their secretary, be desired to attend the Board to-morrow morning [fo. 268].
The Board resuming the consideration of what Mr. Ayscough writes in his letter of the 15th of May last, read the 14th instant, in relation to the cutting of logwood in the Bay of Campeachy; and Mr. Cunningham and Mr. Williams attending, as they had been desired, they acquainted the Board that the South Sea Company had agreed to take logwood of the Spaniards in return for their negroes; had settled a factory at Campeachy for that purpose, and carry negroes thither for sale, which had encouraged the Spaniards to drive out the English logwood cutters settled there before; the Board desired these gentlemen to get what further information they could, and to attend the Board again next Friday [fo. 195].
An order of the Lords of the Committee of Council of the 14th instant, referring to this Board an address of the President, Council and Assembly of Jamaica to his Majesty, praying that a supply of warlike stores may be sent for the defence of that island, wasread, and orders given for drawing a report thereupon [fo. 102].
A letter from Mr. Ayscough, President of the Council of Jamaica, of the 22nd of June last, with a deposition relating to the rebellious negroes there, and inclosing ten Acts passed there in 1735; the Acts were ordered to be sent to Mr. Fane for his opinion thereon in point of law, and that the receipt of this letter be acknowledged in the letter to Mr. Ayscough, ordered to be prepared the 14th instant [fo. 189, 207].
Ordered that Mr. Smith, secretary to the South Sea Company, be desired to attend the Board on Friday morning next, and to bring with him any contract that may be between the Company and any private persons for farming the logwood trade [fo. 194, 198].
Mr. Holden, attending, as he had been desired the 14th instant, on the subject of Russia iron, he said that Russia iron was for most uses as good as Swedish, and that it was drawn of the same sizes, and supposed 3 or 4000 tons of it might be imported per annum.
He said he had talked with Sir Jacob Ackworth about it, who was of the same opinion as to its goodness, and that we had it in return for our woollen manufactures, but yet he thought we ought to encourage the manufacturing of plantation iron, and that a difference ought to be made in the duties between Russia and Swedish iron, because the Russians now take off our woollen manufactures, and have given over taking such from Prussia; and that he did not propose to lessen the duties on Russia iron, but to raise that of Swedish; that the greatest part of the Russia iron is brought from the Empress's own works at Olonitz etc., about 700 miles on sledges, and that none was brought from Narva [fo. 201].
Mr. Oglethorpe, attending, acquainted the Board that last year they had about 397 freemen, besides servants, and about 100 of them able to bear arms in Georgia; that they had now about 2000, of which about 800 were able to bear arms, and that the Spaniards had about 400 effective men at St. Augustine.
Order of the Lords of the Committee of Council of the 15th instant, referring to this Board a memorial of Jonathan Belcher, junior, praying his father may be permitted to give his assent to a bill passed there in June last, granting £3000 for his support, being read; the Board not agreeing to the prayer of the petition in the manner therein proposed, ordered that a report be prepared, setting forth the Board's opinion in what manner Governor Belcher ought to receive his salary [fo. 201].
Then were read the following letters from Governor Belcher vizt., Letter from Governor Belcher to the Board, dated the 8th of May, 1734, 2nd ditto 9th May, 1734, 3rd ditto 11th June, 1734, with copy of a bill for granting Governor Belcher £3000 for his support, and Journal of the Assembly, from 29th May to June 8th, 1734.
Mr. Cunningham, Governor of Jamaica, attending, acquainted the Board that there are now no English at Campeachy, those formerly there being all carried away by the Spaniards, but that there are about 200 English settled at the Honduras [fo. 195, 199].
Mr. Smith, secretary to the South Sea Company, attending, their lordships reassumed the consideration of the logwood trade at Campeachy, and Mr. Smith acquainted the Board that the Company did grant private persons to trade in negroes to such places, as are not sufficient to maintain a factory, but that all the licences for trading to Campeachy must finish in a few months, because the King of Spain disputes the licencing, though not the settling a factory, at any place where the King of Spain has any royal officers. Their lordships desired that, if any thing new be done in this affair, they may be acquainted therewith; Mr. Smith promised to inform the Court of Directors with their lordships' desire [fo. 198].
1st letter from Mr. Belcher, Governor of New England, dated December 3rd, 1734, 2nd letter from him, dated December 9th, 1734, 3rd, dated December 14th, 1734, 4th, dated December 31st, 1734, 5th, dated January 9th, 1734/5, 6th, dated January 9th, 1734/5, 7th, dated June 5th, 1735, 8th, dated June 9th, 1735.
And a draught of a representation proposing that Major Mascarine, engineer at Nova Scotia, may be directed to repair to New England, and to superintend the works intended to be carried on at Castle William, at Boston, was agreed to [fo. 202].
A representation upon the petition of Mr. Belcher, praying that his father may be permitted to give his assent to a bill passed in the Massachusets Bay in June last, for granting him £3000 for his support, ordered the 21st instant, was signed [fo. 197, 241].
The draught of a representation, relating to high duties and prohibitions laid on our manufactures in Sweden, and proposing to encourage the importation of bar iron from our own plantations, was agreed to [fo. 195, 203].
The draught of a representation proposing John Schuyler, Thomas Farmer, John Rodman and Richard Smith Esqrs., to be councillors for New Jersey in the room of Peter Baird, John Johnson, John Parker and James Smith Eqrs., deceased, was agreed and ordered to be transcribed;
A representation, relating to high duties and prohibitions laid on our manufactures in Sweden, and for encouraging the importation of bar iron from our own plantations, agreed to yesterday, was signed [fo. 201, 212];
The draught of a representation, ordered to be prepared the 14th instant, for recommending two new councillors for New York in the room of Mr. Rip Van Dam and Mr. Alexander; and one for New Jersey in the room of Mr. Morris, was agreed and ordered to be transcribed [fo. 190].
First letter from him, dated 28th September, 1732, second dated, 28th September, 1732, to the secretary, third letter from Colonel Johnson, dated 3rd November, 1732, fourth letter from him, dated 21st November, 1732, fifth ditto, dated 15th December, 1732, sixth ditto, dated 15th December, 1732, seventh ditto, dated 8th January, 1732/3, eighth ditto, dated 29th January, 1732/3, ninth ditto, dated……, tenth ditto, dated 31st January, 1732/3, eleventh ditto, dated 10th February, 1732/3, twelth ditto, dated 28th March, 1733, thirteenth ditto, dated 30th March, 1733; and directions were given concerning some of them as noted in the abstract book.
The representation, agreed yesterday, for recommending John Moore and Paul Richards Esqrs., to be members of the council in New York in the room of Rip Van Dam and James Alexander Esqrs., who have misbehaved themselves; and also recommending Robert Lettice Hooper and Joseph Warrell Esqrs., to be councillors in New Jersey in the room of Lewis Morris and the aforesaid James Alexander Esqrs., who have likewise misbehaved themselves in that province, was signed [fo. 202, 203].
First letter from him, dated April 2nd, 1733, second letter from him, dated April 6th, 1733, third letter from him, dated May 3rd, 1733, fourth letter from him, dated May 24th, 1733, fifth letter from him, dated August 7th, 1734, sixth postscript, dated August 18th, 1734; and two of those read yesterday were read over again.