Records Relating To the Barony of Kendale: Volume 1. Originally published by Titus Wilson and Son, Kendal, 1923.
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SELSIDE AND WHITWELL.
1348 Gilbert de Bronolvesheved held at his death two-thirds of the hamlet of Whitewell with the reversion of the third part, held in chief as of the lands late of William de Coucy, deceased, by cornage and 1d. yearly; Cal. Inq. ix, 78, 457.
1361 Inquest taken on the death of William de Thornebergh, in which it is shown that at some time he was seised of a moiety of a shieling in Sleddall, and some time before his death he gave it to his son Roland and Alice his wife and their issue; they held it of the king as of the fees which belonged to William de Coucy then in the king's hands by knight's service. He also held on the day he died an 8th part of the hamlet of Selsette and a moiety of the hamlet of Whinfell, of Matthew de Redman by knight's service and for 16s. 8d. yearly; and two tenements in the hamlet of Skelmiser, of Roger de Leyburne, 'chivaler, by the service of 2d. yearly, worth 100s. He died 23 Edward III. Roland de Thornbergh, his son aged 35 years, is his next heir. MS. Rawl. B.438, f. 46.
1443 Pardon to Roland Thorneburgh late of Selside, co. Westmorland, gentilman, of the king's suit against him, on his petition shewing that he was maliciously indicted at Appulby on Thursday after the Nativity of St. Mary, 17 Henry VI (1439) of having slain Robert Crakanthorp (fn. 1) on Monday after St. Bartholomew's day, 16 Henry VI (1438) at Brampton, co. Westmorland, and that Elizabeth, late the wife of the said Robert, sued him therefor and obtained his outlawry though he was in the king's service in Calais; and further that he was indicted at Preston in Amondernesse on Monday before Michaelmas, 17 Henry VI of having received John Wilson alias 'Jak' Wilson of Amelshede, co. Westmorland, 'yoman,' on Monday, Tuesday and Thursday after All Saints Day, 15 Henry VI (1437) at Brathay in Dalton in Forneys, knowing him to be an outlaw, and Roland was thereupon outlawed, though at Calais; and he has now agreed with the said Elizabeth; Cal. Pat. R. 1443, p. 191.
The like to Robert Wilson, late of Selside, 'yeoman,' indicted as above of having received the said Roland, Oliver and others on Wednesday after St. Bartholomew's day, 16 Henry VI (1438), knowing that they had slain Robert Crakanthorp, whereupom he was outlawed; and again of having received 'Jak' Wilson, as above; ib.
1523 Inquest taken at Schaype, on Monday after the Purification, 14 Henry VIII (1523), before Cuthbert Musgrave, esquire, escheator. The jurors say that William Thorneborugh, esquire, was seised at his death of the manor of Selsett and half the lordship of Wynfell in the vill of Strickland Kettyll in Kendall, which manor of Selsett and half lordship of Wynfell are held of the heirs of Edward Redemayne, esquire, lately deceased, by 8s. rent at Whitsuntide and Martinmas, worth yearly £18 2s. 9d. besides reparises; and of the lordship of Patton in the vill of Strickland Kettyll, held of the castle of Kendall by a rent of one red rose yearly at Midsummer if demanded, worth yearly £10 7s. 4d. besides reprises; and of half the lordship of Langsleddall in the vill of Strikeland Kettell, held of the castle of Kendall held of James Leyborne, esquire, for 3d. rent, worth yearly £12 4s. 4d. besides reprises; and one tenement in Skelmesser in Kendall held of James Leyborne, esquire, for 3d. rent, worth yearly 6s. 8d. besides reprises; and 2 tenements in Crosthwaytte held of the castle of Kendall for the rent of one white rose yearly at Midsummer or within 8 days after if demanded, worth yearly 26s. besides reprises.
a1546 After the death of Robert Bellingham, knt., his fourth daughter, Thomasin, wife of William Thornburgh of Hamsfell obtained £18 in rent in Selseth, Patton, Whitwell, Sleddale and Kendale, as her pourparty; Dodsworth's MS. 149, f. 103b.
1553 Inquest taken at Kyrkbye in Kendall, 4 January, 6 Edward VI (1553), before Nicholas Layburne, John Preston, esquires, and William Sandes, gentleman. The jurors say that William Thorneburghe, knight, was seised at his death of the manor and capital messuage called Haverbreke Hall in Bethum, and 10 messuages, 60 a. land, 20 a. meadow, 10 a. wood, 30 a. waste and a moiety of one water mill in Haverbreke, Patton, Kirkeby Lonsedall, Whynfell and Lupton; also of the manor or lordship of Patton and a moiety of the manor or lordship of Whynfell and six messuages or tenements in Selsyde; also a messuage, or tenement in Skelsmesser. By the name of William Thorneburghe of Hamsfell, co. Lancaster, esquire, by his charter dated 29 March, 1 Edward VI (1547) he granted to Richard Assheton, Anthony Duckett, Cuthbert Hutton, Nicholas Thorneburghe and William Pykeryng, esquires, the house and site of his manor of Selsed in Selsed, co. Westmorland, with other houses, buildings, dovecots, stables, barns, gardens, orchards, lands, meadows, feedings, pastures, his demesnes in Selsed, then in the tenure of the said William Thorneburghe and a corn mill with a kiln (ustrina) in Selsed, and 20 messuages or tenements with houses, fulling mills in the vill of Sledall, then in the several tenures of John Harryson, Thomas Lyckebarrowe, John Atkynson, Leonard Doghshon, Thomas Jacson, Edmund Warryner, Robert Docker, John Bakster, Richard Docker, Edmund Bennyson, the relict of Richard Lykbarrowe, deceased, Robert Bennyson, Anthony Bennyson, William Myklow, Hugh Todde, John Todde, Thomas Holme, Henry Sheperd, Robert Sheperd and James Sheperd; also two other messuages or tenements in the vill of Crosthwayte, then in the several tenures of Brian Brygges and Henry Brygges; also three burgages in Kirkeby in Kendall, then in the several tenures of Christopher Foxe, William Becke and Henry Becke; also all the lands &c. to the said messuages and burgages belonging, to hold the said premises to the said Richard Assheton and others, their heirs and assigns to the use of the said William Thorneburghe and Thomasina his wife, still living, for term of their lives and of the longest life and after both their deaths to the use of the heirs of the said William, by Thomasine, lawfully begotten, in default of such to the use of the right heirs of said William for ever. William Thorneburgh by another charter dated 1 May, 2 Edward VI (1548) granted to Robert Curwen, gentleman and Margaret his wife, mother of the said William Thorneburghe, late the wife of Rouland Thorneburghe, esquire, deceased, an annuity of £16 13s. 4d. issuing from 6 messuages in Selsced, then in the several tenures of William Hogeson, Edward Sheperd, the relict of Peter Helme, the relict of Rouland Moserghe, Robert Bulmes and William Warryner, and from all his other messuages, lands and tenements in Whynfell and Patton, to receive the same for term of the natural life of Margaret by name of the whole of her jointure and dowry after the death of her late husband Rouland Thorneburgh, esquire, at terms of Pentecost and Martinmas. Robert Curwen and Margaret still survive. William Thorneburgh by another charter dated 27 September, 6 Edward VI (1552) granted to Anthony Gymell of Kyrkeby in Kendall, "surgen," an annuity of one mark during his life, issuing from two messuages at Crossebank in Kyrkeby Kendall, late in the tenure of the relict of Christopher Foxe and John Becke. Anthony Gymell still survives.
John Myddelton, John Preston, William Kirkeby and Nicholas Thorneburgh, esquire, feoffees to the use of the said Roland Thorneburghe, esquire, deceased, father of the said William Thorneburghe, of all the said Roland's lands and tenements in the county, by another charter dated 11 January, 26 Henry VIII (1535) granted to a certain Rouland Thorneburgh, gentleman, a younger son of the aforesaid Rouland Thorneburgh, esquire, an annuity of £3 6s. 8d. issuing out of all his messuages and tenements in Whynfell and Selsed to receive the same for his life, payable equally at Pentecost and Martinmas, according to the effect of the last will of said Rouland his father. Rouland the son still survives.
Rouland Thornburgh, esquire, by his will declared that his late servant, John Ayray, should have the rent and farm of a tenement then in his tenure for his life. John Ayray still survives. The manor and capital messuage called Haverbrekehall and other the premises in Haverbreke, Patton, Kirkeby Lonsedall, Whynfell and Lupton, are held of the king in chief by knight service, namely the 20th part of a knight's fee and a rent of 18s. 3d. yearly, and are worth yearly clear £8 2s. 4d. The manor of Patton is held of William marquis of Northampton, as of his castle of Kendall by the service of a red rose yearly at Midsummer if demanded, worth yearly clear 20s. The moiety of the manor of Whynfell is held of the heir of Richard Redman, esquire, deceased, in socage and is worth yearly clear 13s. 4d. The messuage or tenement in Skelmesser is held of Nicholas Layburne, esquire, in socage, namely by fealty and a rent of 3d. for all services, and is worth yearly clear 6s. 8d. The messuages in Selsed are held of the heir of the said Richard Redman, in socage and are worth yearly clear 6s. 2d. The house and site of the manor of Selsed, corn mill and kiln and other the premises in Selsed, granted to the use of the said Thomasine, are held of the heir of the said Richard Redman in socage, and are worth yearly clear £8 13s. 4d. The 20 messuages or tenements with two fulling mills and other the premises in Sleddall, granted to the use of the said Thomasine, are held of the said marquis of Northampton as of his castle of Kendall in socage, namely by fealty and a rent of 6d. yearly, and are worth yearly clear £12 4s. 4d. The two messuages in Crosthwaite, likewise granted to the use of the said Thomasine are held of the said marquis of Northampton, as of his said castle of Kendall by a rent of a white rose, and are worth yearly clear 26s. 8d. The three burgages and other the premises in Kirkeby Kendall, likewise granted to the use of the said Thomasine, are held of whom and by what service they know not and are worth yearly clear 23s..
A receipt was given on 28 March, 2 Elizabeth (1560) by Matthew Redman of Harwood Castle, co. York, esq., to Allan Bellingham of Helsington, esq., for 100 marks, in part payment of £228 for the purchase by Bellingham of the manor of Selsett and 8 messuages, two cottages, 8 tofts, 8 gardens, 8 orchards, 200 a. land, 100 a. meadow, 100 a. pasture, 100 a. wood, 200 a. moor, 100 a. turbary, 100 a. moss and 200 a. of heath and gorse. Mr. Redman's deed of conveyance of the property bears date 1 August, 2 Elizabeth, 1561.
1583 Inquest taken at Kendall 27 September, 25 Elizabeth (1583) before Richard Duckett and Thomas Bratwheite, esquires, by the oath of Thomas Bethom, Robt Byndlose jun., Alan Willsonn, Richard Tunstall, Brian Edmundsonn, Thomas Potter, Henry Feild, gentlemen, Richard Speddyn, William Wallesse, Edward Stricklaund, Wm Pott, John Twhait and Gervase Gilpinge, yeomen, who say that: Thomasine Thornburrowe long before her death was seised of two messuages in Langsleddall; and 5 messuages in Selside; 4 messuages in Patton; 15 messuages in Whitwell; and one yearly rent charge of 9s. 10½d. issuing out of the manor or lordship of Lambrige.
So seised she by her charter dated 20 July, 24 Elizth (1582), granted to Nicholas Thorneburrowe, her younger son, all the said messuages and the said rent to have and to hold to him and his assigns for term of his life with remainder after his death to the right heirs of Thomasine for ever. By virtue whereof Nicholas was seised thereof and is still living. The premises in Lang Sleddall, Selshead, Patton and Whitwell are held of the queen as of her purparties of the Barony of Kendale called "le Richemound Fee" and "le Marques Fee," but by what services they know not, they are worth yearly clear £14. Thomasine died 11 August, 24 Elizth (1582) and William Thorneburrowe, esquire, is her son and next heir and at the time of her death he was of full age, namely 35 years and upwards. Chan. Inq. post mort., ser ii, vol. 201, n. 92.
William Thorneburgh was seised at his death of a capital messuage called "Dallam Tower" and 60 a. of demesne lands; also 6 other messuages or tenements and 100 a. land in Bethome, Patton and Lupton; a moiety of a corn mill called "Heron Milne" in Haverbracke, parish of Bethome; a water mill in Patton; 3 messuages or tenements and 40 a. land in Skelinserghe; 2 messuages or tenements and 40 a. land in Meddope; and of 2 messuages and 20 a. land in Ouvey (Ulpha). The said William Thorneburghe and Roland Thorneburghe, his son and heir apparent, were jointly seised of a capital messuage and 60 a. of demesne lands; 6 other messuages or tenements and 100 a. land in Hauerbracke, parish of Beethom; a moiety of a corn mill called "Heron Mill" in Haverbracke, which tenements in Haverbracke last mentioned, the said William and Roland long before William's death purchased to them and their heirs from John Preston, Richard Hollande, John Calvert, Henry Sandes, esquires, Robert Cansfeilde and Henry Curwen, gentlemen. So seised the said William Thorneburghe died and Rowland survived and is seised of the premises in Haverbracke.
William Thorneburghe was also seised of the manor of Hampsfell and a capital messuage called "Hampsfell Hall" and 140 a. of demesne lands; 11 other messuages or tenements and 80 a. land in Hampsfell, parish of Cartmell; 2 messuages, 3 cottages and 20 a. land in Lindall, parish of Cartmell; a messuage or tenement in Floukbroughe, parish of Cartmell; and of a messuage or tenement in Ulverston in Furneis. So seised William Thorneburghe by his writing dated 22 June, 40 Elizabeth (1598), enfeoffed Robert Dalton, Alexander Molineux, Christopher Carus and John Wharton, esquires, thereof to hold to the following uses, namely: to the use of William Thorneburghe and his assigns for life, without impeachment of waste, and after his death to the use of his son and heir apparent, Roland Thorneboughe, and the heirs male of his body by Jane Thorneburghe, now his wife, to be begotten, &c.
The capital messuage called Dallam Tower and the lands in Bethome and Patton and moiety of the mill in Haverbracke are held of the king in chief by the 20th part of a knight's fee as in right of his crown of England and are worth yearly clear £8 2s. 4d.; the corn mill in Patton is held of whom they know not and is worth clear 13s. 4d.; one messuage of the three in Skellinsergh is held of the king as of his manor of Skellingsergh by fealty in free socage and is worth yearly clear 6s. 8d. and the other 2 messuages there are held of the king as of his manor or barony of Kendall by fealty in free socage and are worth yearly clear 10s.; the lands and tenements in Middope and Ouvey are held of William, Earl of Darbie, of his manor of Bethome by fealty and a rent in socage and are worth yearly clear 50s.; the capital messuage and lands in Haverbracke, whereof William and Roland Thornburghe were jointly seised, are held of the king as of his manor or barony of Kendall by cornage, which cornage gives ward and relief, and are worth yearly £6; The capital messuage and premises in Hampsfell, Lindall and Floukbrough are held of the king as of his manor of Cartmell by fealty and a rent in socage and are worth yearly clear £12. The premises in Ulverston are held of the king as of his manor of Dalton in Furness, by what service they know not and are worth yearly clear 5s. The messuage called Castlehead and the corn mill called Lindall Milne, parish of Cartmell, are held of the king as of his manor of Eastgrenewich, in co. Kent, by fealty and a free rent, yearly of 20s. in free socage, not in chief, and are worth yearly clear 26s. 8d.
Rowland Thornburgh, esquire, was seised at his death of a messuage or tenement called "Langwell" and 40 a. land in Selsatt; the hamlet called Whitwell in Whitwell and certain lands, meadow, feedings and pastures in reversion after the death of Nicholas Thornburgh; a water mill in Patton; 3 messuages or tenements and 40 a. land in Skelsmergh; 3 messuages and tenements in Selsatt in reversion after the death of said Nicholas Thornburgh; and of 2 messuages or tenements in Methopp and 40 a. land. By his writing he granted to Edward Wilson, yeoman, the said 2 messuages in Methopp to hold for 31 years.
The said Rowland Thornburgh long before his death was seised of the manor of Hampsfell and of a capital messuage called Hampsfell Hall and 140 a. land adjacent thereto; 11 other messuages or tenements and 80 a. land adjacent thereto in Hampsfell, parish of Cartmell; 2 messuages and 3 cottages and 20 a land in Lindall; a messuage or tenement in Flowkburgh, and lands thereto belonging; a messuage or tenement in Ulueston in Furneis, and lands thereto belonging; and of a watermill called "Lyndall mylne" within the parish of Cartmell.
The said Rowland made his will dated 23 August, 9 James I (1611), in which he bequeathed: to his wife Jane Thornburgh, besides the third of all his lands, his tenement called "Ryehow, otherwise Dry how in Bannisdale" being redeemed, and his tenement called "the Pow house [in Meathop]," likewise redeemed, for her help in the education of his younger children, during her life with reversion to William Thornburgh his son and heir and his heirs male; to his 3 younger sons John, Francis and Rowland, to be yearly issuing out of his said lands, as follows: to his 2nd son John, £20 yearly for life, to his 3rd son Francis, £20 yearly for life, to his youngest son Rowland, £10 with diet with his eldest brother "mine heir" and a horse fit for him to ride upon to be allowed him and kept with his eldest brother, if he dislike to continue in house with his eldest brother, then the annuity to be £13 6s 8d for life. Such annuities to be paid to them at Whitsuntide and Martinmas and to begin at such of the feasts as shall first happen after every one of the said younger sons shall attain the age of 15 years; that £1000 shall be taken out of his lands for preferment in marriage or any other good preferment of his four daughters Etheldred, Jane, Anne and Thomazin, besides any filial portions of his goods and chattels, if any remain after debts discharged; which £1000 to be divided thus: to Etheldred, the eldest £300, to Jane £300. to Anne £200, and to Thomazin £200, to be paid to every of them either at age of their full years or marriage at discretion of his executors.
The premises in Selsatt are held of the king as of his manor or barony of Kendall, called "le Richmond Fee," by knight service, namely: the 100th part of a knight's . . . . (fn. 2); the premises in Whitwell are held of the king as above by cornage and a rent; . . . . . . the water mill in Patton is held of the king as of his manor or barony of Kendall by fealty only in free socage and is worth yearly clear 10s.; the messuages in Skelsmergh are held of the king as of his manor or barony of Kendall castle by fealty only and a rent of one pair of gilt spurs in free socage; . . . . . . Skelsmergh held of the king as of his manor of Skelsmergh by fealty in free socage and are worth yearly 6s. 8d.; the 2 messuages &c. in Methopp are held of William earl of Derbie as of his manor of Betham by fealty and [2s.] rent in free socage and are worth yearly clear 30s.; the 3 messuages in Selsatt whereof Rowland died seised in reversion are held of the king as of his manor or barony of Kendall in free socage and are worth yearly clear 20s.; the manor and capital messuage of Hampsfell and premises in Hampsfell, Lindall and Flowkburgh are held . . . . as of his manor of Cartmell in co. Lancaster by fealty and rent for all services and are worth yearly clear £12; the premises in Ulverston are held of . . . . . . by knight service namely: the 100th part of a knight's fee and are worth yearly clear 5s.; the water mill called "Landall milne" is held [of the manor of Eastgrenwich?] co. Kent by fealty and a free rent of 13s. 4d. in free socage and not in chief worth yearly clear 10s.
Rowland Thornburgh died . . . . and William Thornburgh is his son and next heir aged 12 years, 6 months, 23 days at his father's death. The said John, Francis and Rowland, sons of the aforesaid Rowland Thornburgh and the said Etheldred . . . . . . . and the said Nicholas Thornburgh still survive namely at Selsat; Court of Wards Inq. p.m. vol. 35, n. 69.
1640 Inquest taken at Kirkbylonsdale. 8 September, 16 Charles 1 (1640) before Robert Curwen, the king's feodary for co. Westmorland, William Manserghe, Nicholas Fisher and Robert Raulinson, gentlemen, the king's commissioners, and by the oath &c., who say that: Henry Wilson, gentleman, on the day of his death was seised in his demesne as of fee of the manor or lordship of Whitewell and of 29 messuages, 80 acres of land, 50 acres of meadow, 80 acres of pasture, 100 acres of moor furze and heath in Whitewell and Selsett to the said manor belonging, in the several tenures and possessions of divers tenants there; and of one capital messuage and tenement with all the houses, edifices, structures, gardens and crofts thereto belonging in Kirkbylonsdale now in the tenure and possession of Richard Walton; of one other capital messuage and tenement in Underly and Keistwicke in the parish of Kirkbylonsdale, of divers houses, structures, gardens, orchards, lands, meadows, pastures, feedings, woods, commons and hereditaments to the said capital messuage called "Underley" now belonging and with the same, now occupied and enjoyed in the tenure of the said Henry Wilson; of 3 messuages and tenements and divers acres of land, meadow, pasture and hereditaments in Casterton to the said messuages, &c., belonging and enjoyed in the tenure of divers tenants; and also of the tithes of grain of Farleton, Overforthe and Aykebancke, late parcel of the rectory of Bethome.
The said Henry Wilson so being seised by his will written during his life and by him sealed and acknowledged, dated 26 November, 14 Charles 1 (1638), bequeathed to Thomas Wilson of Underhelme, in said county, his nephew and to Henry Wilson, son and heir apparent of the said Thomas Wilson, all and singular the aforesaid manors, messuages, lands, tithes of grain, houses, structures, &c., in Whitewell, Selsett, Kirkbylonsdale, Underley, Keiswicke, Casterton, Farleton, Overforth and Aykebancke. To have and to hold to the said Thomas Wilson and Henry Wilson his son and the heirs male of the body of the said Henry, and for default of such then to Thomas Wilson 2nd son of said Thomas Wilson the father, and heirs male of his body, and for default of such then to William Wilson, 3rd son of Thomas Wilson the father, and heirs male of his body, and for default of such then to every one of the other sons of the said Thomas Wilson the father successively and for default of such then to right heirs of said Henry, son and heir apparent of said Thomas Wilson for ever.
The manors, messuages, lands and other the premises in Whitewell, Selsett and Casterton, are held of the king as of his manor of Kendall called "le Richmond Fee" and by a yearly rent of . . . . . and by knight service namely: by one 60th part of a knight's fee and are worth yearly clear, 40s. The messuages, lands and other the premises in Kirkbylonsdale, Underley and Keistwicke, are held of the king as of his manor of Kendall now called "le Richmond Fee" by a yearly rent . . . . . . in free socage, and are worth yearly clear £3. The tithes and other the premises in Farleton, Overforth and Aykebanke are held of the king as of his manor of Eastgreenwich, by fealty in free socage and by a yearly rent of 40s., and are worth yearly clear £3. So seised of above premises Henry Wilson died 19 October last (1639) at Underley and Thomas Wilson is his nephew and next heir, aged now 30 years and more. Court of Wards Inq. post mort., vol. 94, n. 188.