Records Relating To the Barony of Kendale: Volume 1. Originally published by Titus Wilson and Son, Kendal, 1923.
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1186–1200 Robert Mustel grants to Gilbert de Lancastre the service and tenement of William Brun in Backestaneholm; Trans. C. and W. A. and A. Soc., N.S., X, 400.
Patrick, son of Bernard grants to Gilbert de Lancastre, land between Spret and the highway from Churches (sic), and also bounded by the river Kent and Langperbeck, to hold for 3s. cornage and forinsec service (fn. 1) belonging to a 12th part of two bovates of Eschingham (sic), with common of pasture in Skelesmeresergh for his men; Reg. of D. at Levens.
Robert Mustel grants to Gilbert de Lancastre, the moiety of his land in Stirkeland towards the streams of Spritt and Kent, and between Kent and the demesne of Little Sledale, &c., and meadowland above Karlingheved; ib.
1235 Roger de Lancastre held a 10th and a 20th part of a knight's fee of the barony of Kendale; Testa, 412.
Walter de Lancastre held a 20th part of a knight's fee of the same barony; ib.
1256 Thomas de Lancastre acknowledged that 23 a. land in Stirkeland were the right of Ralph de Schypton; Feet of F., file 4, n. 29.
An assize came to recognize if Gilbert son of Jordan de Lancastre, ("fil." sic) of Ralph de Shyreburn, was seised at his death of 20 a. land and meadow in Styrkelaund, which land Thomas de Lancastre holds. Ralph and Thomas make an agreement, namely that Thomas acknowledges the land to be the right of Ralph and surrenders it to him, saving to Thomas the vesture (fn. 2) of the said land for that year; Assize R. 979, n. 2.
1274 Simon le Tayllur and Beatrice his wife arraign an assize of novel disseisin against Adam Godmund touching a tenement in Little Stirkeland; Dep. Keeper's Rep. 43, App. 539.
1275 Gilbert de Brunolvesheved is the attorney of Roger de Lancastre; Cal. Close R. 1275, p. 237.
1281 The knight's service of Gilbert de Brunulvesheved was assigned to the pourparty of Margaret de Brus (i.e. late wife of Robert de Ros); Cal. Close R. 1281, p. 90.
1292 Touching Gilbert de Brunnollesheved the king wills that he remains in prison and his delivery be considered at the parliament after Easter; Rolls of Parliament, i, 86b.
1307 Long before her death Margaret de Ros gave to her son, William de Ros, inter alia the hamlet of Styrkeland Randolfe; Cal. Inq. IV, 285.
1310 Gilbert de Lancastre held inter alia the hamlet of Stirkeland Roger by knight's service and . . . . . rent, of William de Ros of Kendale; Cal. Inq. V, 118.
Richard de Gylpine holds a messuage and 10 a. land in Stirkeland Randolff by the sevice of ½ lb. of cummin.
Roger Ward holds a messuage and 9 a. land there for 9d. cornage and 6d. puture; Richard de Gylpine holds a messuage and 9 a. land there for 9d. cornage and 6d. puture; William son of Patrick holds a messuage and 9 a. land there for 9d. cornage and 6d. puture; the said William de Ros held the hamlet of Stirkeland Randolffe in which are 10 tenants at will holding a messuage each and 197 a. land and 7 a. meadow between them; there is a water-mill.
1330 Gilbert de Lancaster grants to his son, Christopher de Lancaster all his lands and tenements, inter alia, in Strickland Roger. See Skelsmergh p. 252.
1332 Stirkeland Randolf. Subsidy of a fifteenth.
1333 The abbot of St. Mary's, York, impleaded Christiana de Brunnolvesheved that she render to him 17 skeps of oatmeal, price £6 4s. 8d.; (fn. 3) De Banco R., Easter, 294, n. 184d.
1333 Roger de Brunnolvesheved and Ellen his wife demand against Alexander de Wyndesore a third part of one third of the manor of Morland as the dower of Ellen of the endowment of William de Wyndesore, formerly her husband; De Banco R., Trin., 295, n. 215.
1340 The sheriff was commanded to distrain Roger de Brounolfesheved, Alan del Holm and Nicholas de Kirkeby by all their lands &c., and to have their bodies to recognize by what service the said Roger holds his tenements of Gilbert de Lancastre in Stirkeland Ketel, Berbourne, Middleton and Neuby, which service the same Gilbert granted to Christopher de Lancastre by fine; De Banco R., Hil., 321, n. 115d.
1348 Gilbert de Brunnolvesheved held at his death the manor of Bronolvesheved of Roger de Lancastre, whereof the manor with 24 a. land and 2 a. meadow near the same are held by cornage of 6s. 8d. yearly; 2 messuages and 10 a. land in the hands of tenants at will held of the same Roger; a mill, worth 20s. yearly; 4 messuages and 8 a. land worth 24s. yearly, held of the same Roger by fealty only; and 6 a. land called Saterhowe (or Staterhowe), held of Thomas de Thweng by fealty, worth 3s. yearly; also a messuage and 12 a. land in Stirkland Randolf held of the king in chief, as of the lands late of William de Coucy by 12d. cornage. He died on Wednesday next after the feast of St. Andrew the Apostle last past [5 Dec. 1347]. Margaret his daughter, aged 2½ years, is his next heir. Cal. Inquis. IX, 78-9.
1355 Roger son of Gilbert de Lancaster, lately deceased, held at his death three tofts and one bovate in Stirkland Randolf of Thomas de Ros for 6s. 8d. yearly, and one carucate in Stirkland Randolf (fn. 4) and Sleddale of Thomas de Ros by homage and the service of 6s. 8d. yearly. He died in 28 Edward III (1354). Alexander his son is his next heir. Inq. post mort., 30 Edward III (1), n. 36; ib. 43 Edward III (1) n. 62; Cal. Close Rolls, 1356, p. 269.
1371 Certain feoffees settle the manors of Sokebrede and Stirkland Roger upon Christopher de Lancastre and Joan his wife for their lives with successive remainders to Gilbert, son of the said Christopher, John son of the said Gilbert, William brother of John, William son of Christopher, John son of Christopher, John son of Isabel de Wyndesore, Thomas son of the same Isabel; Trans. C. and W. A. Soc., N.S. X, 463.
1390 Joan who was the wife of Christopher de Lancastre held of Thomas de Ros, knt., the hamlet of Stirkeland Roger for 13s. 5d. rent at Easter and Michaelmas, worth 20s. yearly; and the manor of Stirkland Roger for 26s. 11½d. at the same term, worth 40s. yearly; Inq. p.m., 14 Richard II, n. 41.
1390–95 Robert de Bellyngham holds the manor of Burnelshed in the vill of Strickland Kettyl (sic) and divers lands and tenements there for 8s. rent of Phillippa, countess of Bedford; Roll at Levens.
1403 Richard de Belingham of Burnolleshed in Kendale granted to Thomas Toller, chaplain, all the lands and tenements which he had in Kendale and Lonesdale. Witnesses: William Parr, Walter de Strickland, Ralph (?) de Layborn, knights; Dodsworth's MS. 149, f. 103.
1405 Joan late the wife of Christopher de Lancastre held of William Parr, knt., and Elizabeth late his wife, the hamlet of Stirkeland Roger for 13s. 5d. rent at Easter and Mich. worth 20s.; and the manor of Stirkeland Roger for 26s. 11½d., at the same term, worth yearly 40s.; Inq. p.m., 6 Henry IV, n. 37.
1407 John de Lancastre of Brompton held of John de Parr the manor of Stirkeland Roger for 26s. 11½d. rent at Easter and Mich., worth 40s.; Inq. p.m., 9 Henry IV, n. 38.
1431 Robert Belyngham paid 2s. 8d. for farm of the tithes of Burnolhede; Roll at Levens.
1459 William Baitman paid 12s. 9d. for farm of the tithes of Strykland Roger; Rychard Dykson and his fellows paid 6s. for farm of the tithe of Bakstanholme; Roll at Levens.
1463 Grant, in consideration of their charges in conflicts against the king's enemies, to William Parr, knight, and John Parr, his brother and the heirs male of their bodies of all lands and possessions in co. Westmorland, late of Henry Belingeham, knight, rebel, in the king's hands by reason of an act of forfeiture in Parliament at Westminster, 4 November, 1 Edward IV, not exceeding the value of £100 yearly; Cal. Pat. R., 1463, p. 224.
1464 Henry Bellyngham, late of Burnaldeshed, knight, was attainted of high treason at Westminster, 4 November, 1 Edward IV (1461) and on 4 March in the same year was seised of the manors of Burnoldesheved and Casterton and of 40 messuages, 300 a. land, 100 a. meadow 100 a. wood and 500 a. pasture in Styrkeland Ketyll, and received the issues and profits of the same to his own use, which are worth £100 yearly; Chan. Inq. p.m., 4 Edward IV, n. 39.
1467 Grant to William Par, knt., and John Par, esq., his brother, and the heirs of their bodies of the manor of Burnaldeshede and the castle of the same and 40 messuages, 300 a. land, 200 a. meadow, 100 a. wood, and 500 a. pasture in Stirkeland Ketle with the royalties, &c., late of Henry Belyngeham, knt., rebel, and in the king's hands by reason of an act in Parliament at Westminster, 4 November, 1 Edward IV, to hold by the services due before that date, with all the issues from that date; Cal. Pat. R. 1467, p. 45.
1480 General pardon to Roger Belyngham, late of Lymmynster, co. Sussex, "gentilman," alias late of Kendale, co. Westmorland; Cal. Pat. R. 1480, p. 195.
1531 Roger Belingeham, knt., and others passed by fine to John Louther, knt., and others, the manors of Burnaldesheved, Lambrigge, Casterton and Whitwell, and tenements in those places and in Croke, Staveley Godmond, Kyrkby in Kendale, Whitwell, Strickland Kettil, Berburne, Bolteston, Strickland Randolff, Helyesland, Calderighis, Middleton and Skelmesergh, co. Westmorland, and the manor of Belyngeham, &c., in co. Northumberland; Feet of Fines, Hil. term, 23 Henry VIII.
1535 Thomas Clyfford, knt., passed by fine to Robert Bellyngham, knt., tenements in Staveley, Patton, Selshed, Sleddall, Lonsedall and Strykland; Feet of Fines, Hil. term, 27 Hen. VIII.
1550 John Fitz-William and Elizabeth his wife passed by fine to George Rythe, esq., the manor of Burneshed and tenements in Burneshed, Strykland Ketyll and Strikland Roger; ib. Mich term, 4 Edward VI.
1552 John Fitz-William, Elizabeth his wife and George Rythe, esq., and Elizabeth his wife passed by fine to John Machell, citizen and cloth worker of London, the manor of Burnedshed alias Burnyshed and tenements and rents in Burnyshed, Strikland Ketyll, Strikland Roger and Kendall; ib., Trin. term, 6 Edward VI.
1570 William Parr, marquis of Northampton, died seised of the manor of Strickland Roger, which was assigned to his widow in dower. In the rental then made are these details: Manor of Strickland Roger: Freeholders there—Edward Lancaster, esq., 26s. 8d., John Master, esq., 11s. 9d., and William Gilpin 9s. 9d. Rents of customary tenants £15 14s. 5d., including 10s. paid yearly by Mr. Lancaster's tenants to be free of their grist at the lord's mill; Nicolson and Burn, i, 130.
1578 Robert Brigg of Old Malton, co. York, esq., and Elizabeth his wife convey to James Bellingham of Levens, esq., messuages and tenements in Skelsmergh, Strickland Roger, Strickland Ketle and Mintesfeete, which were late in the occupation of Roulland Benson, James Thompson, Rowland Phillipson, Anthony Shipheard, William Stephanson, Edward Stephanson, the wife of Robert Bracken, deceased, the wife of Alan Bracken, deceased, the wife of Henry Helme, deceased, Oswald Bethome and James Birkhead, who rendered £5 5s. 8d. yearly; Reg. of D. at Levens.
1593 Mr. Lancaster pays to the Marquis Fee 26s. 8d. yearly for his lands in Strickland Roger (6s. 8d.) [and Great Strickland (20s.)]; Mr. Gilping pays for his lands in Strickland Roger 9s. 5d.; the heirs of Roger Bellingham 11s. 9d.; Roll at Levens.
1611 Inquest taken at Kirkbiekendall, 27 September, 9 James 1 (1611), before John Lowther, esquire, escheator. James Wilson was seised at his death of a messuage or tenement in Sparamire, held of the king as of his manor of Kendall called "le Marquis Fee" by fealty and a free rent of 7d. yearly, worth yearly clear 10s.
He died 14 May, 42 Elizabeth (1600) and Thomas Wilson is his son and heir, now aged 40 years. Anne Wilson, widow of the late James Wilson, has received the profits of the premises since his death; Court of Wards Inq. p.m., vol. 36, n. 186.
1611 Inquest taken at Kirkbie Kendall, 27 September, 9 James 1 (1611), before John Lowther, esquire, escheator. Henry Wilson was seised of a capital messuage and tenement called Sparamire and 26 a. land in Strickland Roger and 2½ a. land called "le Improvement of the aforesaid Sparamire in Strickland Roger"; one a. land in Minsfleete in Kirkbie Kendall; and three messuages, burgages and tenements in Kirkbiekendall. In consideration of a marriage to be had between his eldest son Robert Wilson and Elinor Rallinson, daughter of Robert Rallinson and of 200 marks paid by the said Robert, by his deed dated 11 June, 43 Elizabeth (1601), he enfeoffed Thomas Rallinson, and Miles Eskrigge, gentlemen, of the premises to the following uses; the messuages called Sparamire and premises in Strickland Roger to the use of Robert Wilson for his life and after his death the said messuage, two closes called "le Mosse closes," a close called "le kilne close," a close called "Esphow" and a parcel of meadow called "Breerhow," parcel of Sparamire, to the use of Elinor for term of her life, by name of jointure and after her death the last recited premises, and after Robert's death all the premises in Strickland Roger to the use of the heirs of the bodies of Robert and Elinor to be begotten, for default of such to the use of the said Henry Wilson and his heirs; and all other the premises to the use of said Henry Wilson for his life and after his death to the use of said Robert Wilson and the heirs of his body by Elinor to be begotten, for default of such to the use of the right heirs of the said Henry Wilson. The lands and tenements in Sparamire are held of the king as of his barony of Kendall called "le Marques Fee" by fealty and a free rent of 1s. 7d. yearly, they are worth yearly clear 30s., the "Improvement" is held of the king as of his barony of Kendall aforesaid by fealty and a free rent of 1s. yearly, it is worth yearly clear 2s., the one acre in Minsfleet is held of the king as of his barony of Kirkbie in Kendall by fealty, it is worth yearly clear 1s.; the two messuages, burgages and tenements in Kirkbie Kendall are held of the king as of his barony of Kendall aforesaid called "le Marques Fee" by fealty and 11d. rent yearly, they are worth yearly clear 3s. 4d.; the other messuage, burgage and tenement is held of James Bellingham, knight, as of his manor of Kendall called "le Lumley Fee" by fealty and a free rent of 3d. yearly, it is worth yearly clear is. 6d. He died 14 March, 1608[-09] and the said Robert, now aged 50 years, is his son and heir and has received the issues of the premises since his father's death; Court of Wards Inq. p.m., vol. 35, n. 119.
1612 Inquest (fn. 7) taken . . . . . 10 James 1 (1612). [The heading and first few lines describing the possession of Thomas Braithwaite are illegible] There is a reference to a deed dated 23 August 1603; also to indentures of the same date made between himself and Richard Hutton of Goldesbroughe, co. York, Robert Bindlosse, esq., Thos. Lamplugh, esq., Thos. Barton, Robert Crosfeild, servants, reciting that for the love he bears to his children, he deals with the manors of Burneshead, Staveley, Warcoppe and premises in Strickland Roger, Strickland Ketle, Skelmsergh, Bowston, Cowenhead, Overstaveley, Nether Staveley, Sandfurth, Blatarne, Buttergill, Flitholme, the manor or lordship of Emilton, co. Cumberland, a moiety of the manor, lordship, forest and hamlets of Wythburme, Armboth, Smathwait and Naddell, co. Cumberland. These premises are to continue to him for life and after his death a competent jointure of some part thereof is to be assured to Dorothy his wife for her life with reversion of the whole to his two sons, Thomas and Richard Brathwait. He was also seised of the manor, lordship, capital messuage and demesnes of Winderwath. [This deed takes up a great part of skin 1, the whole of skin 2 and part of skin 3]. Another deed is recited dated 10 July, 4 James 1 (1606), between the said Thomas Brathwait and Richard Hutton, Robert Bindlose, Thos. Lamplough, Thomas Barton, John Brisko, Thomas Brathwait, younger, and Robert Crosfeild, dealing with the aforesaid premises and also with Selsett, Patton, Whinfell, Long Sleddall, being a further settlement of the estates. [This deed extends almost to the end of skin 4]. Then follows the will of the said Thomas Brathwait dated 18 February, 4 James 1 (1607) in which he confirms the deed of 1 James 1 (i.e. 23 August, 1603). Then follows a writing of the said Thomas Brathwait dated 17 October, 6 James 1 (1608), dealing with the manors and lordships of Warcoppe and Staveley and all the premises in Warcoppe, Buttergill, Flytholme, Sandfurth, Blatarne. Over Staveley and Nether Staveley. [This writing finishes on skin 5]. Then follows an indenture made 24 February, 6 James 1 (1609), between the said Thomas Brathwait and Thomas Barton, son and heir apparent of Edward Barton of Whenbye, co. York, esquire, John Brisko of Croftone, co. Cumberland and Robert Crosfeild of Stricklandroger, co. Westmorland, servant of the said Thomas Brathwait, dealing with the manor or lordship of Burneshead and the manor of Winderwath and premises in Burneshead, Cowenhead, Stricklandroger, Stricklandketle and Winderwath and the manor of Staveley. [This deed ends on skin 6]. The jurors (then) further say that the said Thomas Brathwait was seised of the capital messuage of East Appleton and the appurtenances for life, with remainder to Dorothy, his wife for life, with remainder to (?) Richard Brathwait and his heirs male. They further say that the manor or lordship of Burneshead and the said lands, &c., in Burneshead, Stricklandroger and Cowenhead are held of the king as of his manor of Kendall in free socage by fealty and a free rent of 11s. 9d. yearly; and the other messuages, lands, &c. in Strickland Ketle are held of that part of the barony of Kendal called "le Richmond Fee" by a yearly rent of 6s., but by what other services they know not. And the said manor, messuages, lands, &c., are worth yearly clear £6 13s. 4d. [Here follow the tenures and values of tenements which were not held of the barony of Kendal]. "Thomas Brathwait died 5 May, 8 James 1 (1610) and Thomas Brathwait is his son and heir, aged at the time of his father's death 27 years. Dorothy Brathwait, late the wife of the said Thomas, deceased, still survives and had received the issues and profits of the premises, except the profits of the manors of Emilton and Withburne, which profits Thomas Brathwait the son and heir has had from the time of his father's death until now"; Court of Wards Inq. p.m., vol. 47, n. 15.
1619 Inquest taken at Browham, 15 October, 17 James 1 (1619), before Cuthbert Orfeur, gentleman, Roger Otway, esquire, escheator and Robert Curwen, gentleman, feodary, the king's commissioners. Edward Lancaster, esquire, long before his death was seised of the manor of Sockbread and divers lands, &c. in Tirell; the manor of Hartsopp; the manor of Strickland Roger and divers lands, &c. in Ladyford and Skelmerster; a moiety of the advowson of the vicarage of the parish church of Barton; a moiety of the rectory of Barton and of all the tithes of grain, hay, lambs, wool, hemp and other tithes of the parish of Barton, the tithes in Martindell, parcel of the said rectory of Barton excepted. So seised he by deed dated 28 September, 18 Elizabeth (1576) granted to Edward Middleton, esquire, John Wharton, esquire, and George Hudson, gentleman, all the premises and his lands and tenements in co. Westmorland, to the use expressed in certain indentures of same date made between the parties for the advancement of Lancelot Lancaster, son and heir apparent of the said Edward Lancaster, and for the jointure of Jane Musgrave, one of the daughters of William Musgrave, esquire, if a marriage hereafter should be had between the said Lancelot and Jane, namely: To hold the capital messuage called the demesne lands of Ladyford, parcel of the manor of Strickland Roger, and 8 messuages then in the tenure of the wife of Nicholas Redmaine, Mabel Duckett, widow, Edward Redmaine, Christopher Redmaine, Robert Richardson of Hartsopp, Geoffrey Thompson of Gaithowe in Overhartsopp, Lancelot Lancaster of Sockbread and John Lancaster of Tirrell with the lands to the same capital messuage or 8 messuages belonging, to the use of the said Lancelot Lancaster and the said Jane, daughter of the said William Musgrave, for parcel of her jointure and the heirs male of the said Lancelot, with divers other remainders to heirs male; and to hold the residue of the premises to the use of the said Edward Lancaster for term of his life and after his death to use of Lancelot and his heirs male.
Nicholas (sic Lancelot) Lancastre still survives and by force of the statute of uses of Henry VIII, Edward Lancaster was seised for term of his life of the premises aforesaid except the messuage and lands assured for the jointure of Jane.
The manor of Sockbread is held of the heirs of Matthew Redmaine, by a pair of spurs, saving foreign service; a moiety of the manor of Hartsopp, a moiety of the manor of Strickland Roger, a moiety of the lands and tenements in Ladyfoordes and a moiety of the lands and tenements in Skelmerstre are held of James Bellingham, knight, in socage by a pair of spurs and are worth yearly 40s.; and the other moiety of the manors, lands and tenements in Sockbread, Tirrell, Hartsopp, Strickland Roger, Ladyfoordes and Shelmestre are held or Charles, prince of Wales, as of his purparty of the barony of Kirkbykendall called "le Marquesse Fee," by knight service and a yearly rent of 26s. 8d. and are worth yearly £10 clear; the moiety of the advowson or right of patronage of the vicarage of the church of the parish of Barton and the moiety of the rectory of Barton and of all the tithes of grain, &c., of the parish of Barton, except the tithes in Martindell, parcel of the aforesaid rectory of Barton, are held of the king in chief by knight service and are worth yearly clear £3. Edward Lancastre died 20 January, 15 James I (1618) and Lancelot Lancastre esquire is his son and heir, aged 50 years at the time of his father's death; Court of Wards Inq. p.m., vol. 61, n. 141.
1630 Inquest taken at Kirkbie Kendall last day of August, 6 Charles 1 (1630) before John Cowper, esquire, escheator, by the oath, &c., who say that: Allan Bracken, yeoman, on the day of his death was seised of a messuage and tenement in Strickland Roger and of 8 acres of arable land, 2 acres of meadow and 6 acres of pasture thereto belonging in Strickland Roger lately purchased from Lancelot Lancaster, esquire, and Christopher Lancaster, gentleman. So seised by his will in writing dated 18 May last (1630) he bequeathed the messuage, tenement and other the premises to his brother Thomas Bracken and his heirs for ever. The premises are held of the king as of his manor of Kendall called "Marquesse Fee" by fealty and a free rent of 3d. at the feast of St. Michael yearly to be paid to the king in common socage and are worth yearly clear 20s. He died 19 May last (1630). Henry Bracken is his brother and nearest heir, aged 44 years and upwards now; Court of Wards Inq. post mort., vol. 80, n. 146.
1669 The Hearth Tax Roll is combined with that for Strickland Ketel under the common name of Stricklandfield, which see.
1676 James Houseman and divers other tenants in Strickland Roger pay to the Marquis Fee for Lancaster lands there 6s. 8d.
Sir Thomas Brathwaite for several places pays to the same 27s. 2d.; the same pays 20s. for Burneshead.