Records Relating To the Barony of Kendale: Volume 1. Originally published by Titus Wilson and Son, Kendal, 1923.
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1272 After the death of Peter de Brus the dale of Kentmere was assigned to the pourparty of John de Bellewe (De Bella Aqua) and Laderine his wife, one of the sisters and co-heirs of the said Peter; Cal. Close R. 1272, pp. 4, 40.
1283 Roger de Lancastre impleaded Richard de Crossedale, Thomas son of Robert de Crossedale, Hamon son of Ralph Flemyng, Nicholas le Despenser, Adam del Parre and others for entering his free chace at Grisedale and Kentemere without licence, chasing and taking deer; De Banco R., Easter, 49, m. 51.
1301 John de Bellewe held at his death the dale of Kentemer in Kendale (extent given) of the king in chief for the 6th part of a knight's fee; Nicholas, son of Isabel, daughter of the said John and Laderine his wife, sometime the wife of Miles de Stapleton, deceased, aged 15, and Joan another daughter of John and Laderine, aged 24, are his heirs; Cal. Inq., IV, 26.
1311 After the death of John de Bellewe, tenant by the courtesy of England after the death of Laderana his wife (dead in 1308) of inter alia the manor of Kentemere, of the inheritance of Nicholas de Stapleton, son and heir of Sibyl, one of the daughters and heirs of the said Laderana, and of Joan, wife of Aucher Fitz-Henry, another daughter and heir of Laderana, the said manor was assigned to the pourparty of Nicholas de Stapleton, after he had proved his age; Cal. Close R. 1311, p. 440.
1338 Nicholas de Stapelton, knt., gives £4 for licence to make an agreement with Miles de Stapelton and Isabel his wife respecting the manor of Assheton next Lancastre and other manors in other counties; De Banco R., Mich., 316, m. 473d.
1372 Miles de Stapleton of Hathelsay, chivaler, died seised of the soil and herbage of a several dale called Kentmere, lying in the bailiwick of Kendale with free chace of the "salvaine" (fn. 1) within the dale; there are tenants at will who hold the herbage and several pastures of the dale for 40 marks yearly rent, according to the ancient customs of the forest of Kendale; there is a pool there with the fish. The dale is held of the king in chief as of the crown by homage and the service of an 8th part of a moiety of the manor of Kirkeby in Kendale in barony, as of the inheritance of Peter de Bruys. Thomas de Stapleton, his son, aged 22 years, is his heir; Inq. p.m., 46 Edward III, 1st nos., n. 59 (Rawlinson's MS.).
Inquest taken at Kirkeby in Kendale, 5 March, 47 Edward III (1373) by the oath of John de Burgh, Robert de Dokwra, Henry de Gnyp, William Daunay, William de [Gylpin], Richard Walker of Kirkeby, William de Aura (? Ayra), Richard [Kayr]rous, John de Leke, Roger de Stirkeland, John de Stirkeland of Br . . . . . . and Thomas Godmond, who say that it is not to the king's hurt if he grant to Thomas de Stapleton to enfeoff certain persons (named) of the manor of Kentmere etc. Tenure and value as in 1372; Chan. Inq. ad quod damnum, file 382, n. 15.
Inquest taken at Kirkeby in Kendale on Sat. after St. Luke the Evangelist, 47 Edward III (22 Oct. 1373), by the oath of John de Yorke, John del Chambre, Richard Kayrrous, Adam de Midleton, William Dannay, William Gilpyn, Roger de Stirkeland, Adam Barbour, Thomas Croisser, John de Mannesser, Matthew de Niandesser and Robert . . . . .. who say that Thomas de Stapleton died seised of the manor of Kentemer to him and the heirs male of his body, remainder to Brian de Stapleton, chivaler, in tail male, remainder to Miles son of Miles de Stapleton in tail male, by the gift and grant of John Leget, parson of the church of Melshamby, William de Brune and William de Birkyn, chaplains, and John de Holm, chivaler, who had the same by the feoffment of the said Thomas de Stapleton, licenced by Patent, 28 July, 47 Edward III. Thomas died without heir male and Brian survives and is heir by the said entail. The manor is held (etc. as in 1372) and is worth in all issues 40 marks. Elizabeth, wife of Thomas de Metham, chivaler, is sister and next heir of the said Thomas de Stapleton, aged 24 years [26 years in the Lancs. Inq.]; Inq. p.m., 47 Edward III, 1st nos., n. 32.
Thomas de Stapleton of Carleton (by Drax), co. York, held at his death the manor of Kentemer to him and the heirs male of his body by the feoffment of certain trustees, with remainder to Brian de Stapleton and the heirs male of his body; the same Thomas died without issue male; the said manor was delivered to the said Brian de Stapelton, chivaler; Cal. Close R. 1373, p. 513; Cal. Pat. R. 1373, p. 283. (fn. 2)
1403 During the minority of Brian, son and heir of Brian de Stapelton, chivaler, deceased, the custody of the manor of Kentmere, value £46 yearly, was committed to Richard Redemayne, chivaler, with custody of the manor of Carleton, co. York, value £70 yearly, without rendering anything, in recompense of his fee in arrear; Cal. Pat. R., 1403, p. 253.
1417 Inquest taken at Appelby on Monday after St. Matthew the Apostle, 5 Henry v (20 Sept., 1417), before Rolland de Thorneburgh, escheator in co. Westmorland. The jurors say that Brian de Stapleton, chivaler, held at his death the manor of Kentemere in Kendale of the king in chief by knight's service, worth £16 6s. 8d. yearly. Brian de Stapleton, his son, aged 5 years and upwards on Friday after St. Leonard last past (12 Nov., 1416), is his next heir. Brian, the father, died 13 October last past; Inq. p.m., 5 Henry V, n. 22.
1447 Agnes Stapilton, late the wife of Brian Staplton, knt., held in dower at her death inter alia a moiety of the manor of Kentemere with the members of the king in chief by the service of a 20th part of a knight's fee. Brian Stapleton, knt, her son, is her next heir; Chan. Inq. p.m., 26 Henry VI, n. 14.
1466 Brian Stapylton, knt., held at his death the manor of Kentmere in Kendale of the king in chief by the service of the 5th (sic) part of a knight's fee, worth £16 6s. 8d. yearly. Brian Stapilton, his son, aged 12 years is his next heir; Chan. Inq. p.m., 6 Edward IV, n. 28.
1617 Inquest taken at Kirkbye Kendall, 26 September, 15 James I (1617) before James Bellingham, knight, John Lowther, esq, Roger Otway, gent., and Robert Curwen, gentleman, Feodary of co. Westmoreland, by the oath of Robert Philipsone, John Warde, Samuel Knipe, Edward Moore, Thomas Brigges, Peter Birkett, John Harrysone, Peter Mawsone, Thomas Atkinsone, Anthony Gilpin, James Mawsone, Thomas Gilpin, John Chamber, Allan Stevensone and William Denisone, gentlemen, who say that: George Gilpin, esq., of Kentmere was seised of a capital messuage called "Kentmere Hall" in Kentmere and 300 acres of land thereto belonging, also of one 5th part of that waste, moor, or common pasture called "Dalehead," in 5 parts to be divided, in Kentmere, also of the fishing from a place called "le Banckefoote" as far as the end of a bridge called "Kentes Brigge" to the said capital messuage belonging; also of one 4th part of the manor of Staveley in Staveley; also of 4 messuages and tenements in Strickland Kettle and Strickland Roger in possession of several tenants there; also of 3 cottages in the "Burgagio" of Kendall in a place called "le Ratten Rowe lane" (fn. 3) in possession of several tenants; also of 3 messuages in Penrith co. Cumberland; and of 8 messuages in Ulthwaite, co. Westmorland and 30 acres of land belonging to the capital messuage there; also of a water grain mill and fulling mill there and the fishing of the water of Kent there; also of 9 messuages and tenements in Ristone and Newgate in possession of several tenants.
The said George Gilpin so thereof seised, in consideration of the marriage of his son and heir apparent William Gilpin to be made with Dorothy Sandforth, daughter of Richard Sandforth of Howgill Castle, esquire, and afterwards made, and in consideration of £300 or thereabouts paid to said George by said Richard, by his writing dated 18 Novr, 1595, for himself and his heirs granted to Richard Sandforth and his heirs that he (George) and his heirs should stand seised of the premises in Kentmere, Staveley, Strickland Kettle, Strickland Roger, Kendall and Penrith and all his lands and tenements in cos. Cumberland and Westmoreland and elsewhere for term of his (George's) life and after his death to use of said William his son and heir and heirs male of the body of William by Dorothy, lawfully begotten. Afterwards George Gilpin granted and surrendered to said William Gilpin and his said heirs male the said messuage in Ulthwaite with the water grain mill and the fulling mill and fishery there and the messuages and tenements in Restone and Newgate and lands to them belonging. To have and to hold to William and his said heirs male in immediate possession. By virtue whereof William Gilpin entered 20 years and more ago and was from then seised in possession in his demesne as of fee tail.
George Gilpin being seised for term of his life of the rest of the premises on May 1, 10 James 1 (1612), demised and let to farm to William Stephensone a close called Easeinge and Ewesbancke parcel of the premises and parcel of the demesne lands of the capital messuage called Kentmere Hall from said 1 May until 14 Oct. next following to be mown and depastured, and so Wm. Stephensone took the said close for divers years before and after (sic) rendering yearly £4 6s. 8d. By virtue of which lease Wm. Stephensone entered and was thereof possessed for the term aforesaid, the reversion thereof immediately belonging to said George Gilpin for term of his life. And so being possessed the said George Gilpin on 7 Octr, 10 James I (1612), without William Stephensone's consent, made a charter between him the said George Gilpin and Anthony Huttone, Randolph Gilpin and Miles Bateman as follows: Know &c. that I, George Gylpinge of Kentmyer, esquire, for my love towards Richard Gilpynge and George Gilpinge my younger sons and for the advancement of them and the heirs of their bodies have granted and by this charter confirmed to Anthony Huttone of Grayes Inne in Holborne, co. Middlesex esquire, Randolph Gilpinge my brother, and Miles Bateman all those messuages, lands etc. in Kentmyer parcel of my possessions or demesne lands called "le demaynes of Kentmyer, otherwise Mr. Gilpinge demaynes in Kentmere," more particularly named in my charter namely: 2 houses with curtilages called "le Banckehowses," 3 closes on the east of said houses called "les Banckhowse closes" and severally called "le Brery Close, le Myddestmest close and le Nethermost Close, le Great springe, le Easeinge, le Ewesbancke, le lowe Borwance, le Heigh Borwance," and those houses and buildings at "Parke yeate," and 3 closes adjoining said houses called "les Parke yeate Closes," and my pasture and land above "le Bancke houses" from "the Heigheste and North Corner of the Brery Close" as far as "le Middeste de le Walle" at "le Heighte de Whitsyde," and a moiety of the whole of my feeding land called "le Parke," and one 5th part of the whole of my land and pasture in Dalehead, with all and singular the appurtenances. To have and to hold to Anthony Huttone, Randulph Gilpinge and Miles Bateman their heirs and assigns to use of me George Gilpinge for my life and after my death to use of Richard Gylpinge one of my younger sons and heirs male etc., and for default of such to use of George Gilpinge the other of my younger sons and heirs male etc., and for default of such then to use of right heirs of me the said George Gilpinge for ever, of the chief lords of that fee by the services therefor due and of right accustomed. And I and my heirs will warrant etc. Know moreover that I have put in my place John Hodgeshon of Staveley my Bailiff in my name to enter the premises & take possession & in my name to deliver seisin to said Anthony Huttone and others etc. dated 7 Octr, 10 James I (1612).
By virtue of which letter of attorney John Hodgeshon entered the close called "Ewesbancke" on said 7th Oct., William Stephensone then being in possession and there delivered seisin thereof in the name of all the lands specified in the charter. And George Gilpin being seised of the rest of the premises, afterwards, namely 27 March, 11 James I (1613) made another charter in these words: Know etc. that I, George Gilpin of Kentmyer, esq., as well in consideration of £20 paid to me by Miles Bateman of Underbarrowe, yeoman, as for my affection towards my younger sons Richard and George begotten by me of the body of Jane my wife, sister of said Miles Bateman, and for their advancement have granted and by this charter confirmed to Anthony Huttone, Ralph Gilpinge and Miles Bateman, that messuage and tenement in Strickland Kettle and those 10 acres there commonly used with said messuage and now in tenure of Thomas Strickland or his assigns, and a certain yearly rent of 10s. issuing from an ancient messuage and garden in Kendall in a street there called "Ratten Rawe streete" now in tenure of Nicholas Clarke or his assigns, one other yearly rent of 8s. issuing from one other ancient messuage and garden in "Ratten Rawe streete" now in tenure of John Dennysone or his assigns, and also one other yearly rent of 7s. issuing from one other ancient messuage and garden in "Ratten Rawe streete" now in tenure of Richard Hegdall or his assigns and all my charters, writings and evidences concerning those premises. To have and to hold the messuage 10 acres and several rents to Anthony, Randulph and Miles their heirs and assigns to use of Richard Gilpinge one of my said sons and his heirs male etc. and in default of such to use of George Gilpinge the other of my said sons and his heirs male etc. and for default of such to use of my right heirs for ever, of the chief lords etc., etc., and I and my heirs will warrant etc., etc., and I have put in my place my bailiff John Hodgeson to take possession of the premises and, such posesssion had, to deliver seisin to Huttone and the others etc. Dated 27 March, 11 James I (1613).
The capital messuage of Kentmyer with the appurtenances is held of the king in chief by knight service by 100th part of a knight's fee and is worth yearly clear £4. The one fourth part of the manor of Staveley is held of the king by knight service and is worth yearly clear 30s. The lands and tenements in Strickland Kettle and Strickland Roger are held of the king by knight service as of his manor of Kirkeby Kendal and are worth yearly clear 10s. Premises in Penrith held of king as of his manor of Penrith in socage, worth yearly clear 2s. The 7 messuages in Ulthwaite, Ristone and Newgate are held of the heirs and assigns of Peter Bruse by a rent of 12 barbed arrows and 2s. 6d. in free socage for all secular services. (fn. 4)
1627 Inquest taken at Kirkby Kendall, 10 September, 3 Charles I (1627), before Roger Otway, esquire, escheator, by the oath etc., who say that William Gilpin, esq., was seised in his demesne of fee tail, namely to himself and his heirs male by his wife Dorothy of a capital messuage called "Kentmer Halle" in Kentmer and of 40 acres of land arable meadow and pasture and 100 acres of wood and moor thereto belonging, and of a fifth part of the whole of that waste or common pasture called "le Dalehed," in 5 parts to be divided, in Kentmer, and of the fishery in a place called "le Bancksate," as far as the end of a bridge called "Kent bridge Ende," to the said capital messuage belonging. And of a water corn mill and 6 messuages and tenements in Ulthwaite in the tenure of divers customary tenants there. And of 3 messuages and tenements in Pearith co, Cumberland in possession of several tenants there.