Records Relating To the Barony of Kendale: Volume 1. Originally published by Titus Wilson and Son, Kendal, 1923.
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CROOK AND WINSTER.
1170–84 William de Lancastre 11 gave to William Gefrason a moiety of Croke by bounds (described) with common of pasture between Croke and Stirkeland, to hold for 7s. 5d. yearly; Reg. of D. at Levens. See Appendix xxvi.
1240–46 William de Lancastre III grants to Thomas son of Adam de Raistwaith (alias de Winster) the land which William son of Christiana held in Winstirtwayts with common in Crostwaith and Crock; D. at Levens.
1304 Hawise who was the wife of Alan de Crok shows that whereas she recovered in the Bench her seisin against Gilbert de Bronolheved of a messuage, 7 a. land and 1a. of meadow in Crok next Stirkeland Ketel, she had been redisseised; Abbrev. R. Original, i, 137.
|Nicholas de Birkeheved||in goods||30s.|
|Thomas son of Geffray||"||22s.||6d.|
|Adam de Staunford||"||30s.|
|William son of Adam Milner||"||22s.||6d.|
|Adam de Fayrebanke||"||15s.|
|John son of Adam||"||30s.|
1348 Gilbert de Bronolvesheved held at his death of Thomas de Tweng a moiety of the hamlet of Croke, by the service of 1d. yearly, worth 70s. yearly, and 2 waste tofts in Kirkeby in Kendale, held of Thomas de Twenge by fealty only, worth 12s. yearly; Cal. Inq. ix, 78.
1360 John son of Roland de Patton held at his death a tenement in Cruke of Roger de Gnype by the service of 6d. yearly. He died in 31 Edward III (1357). Roland his son, aged 36, is his heir; Inq. p.m., 34 Edw. III (I), n. 47.
1368 By his letters dated in 42 Edward III. Henry Percy, lord of Alnewyk, attorned Robert Docwra to deliver seisin to Robert Belingham of all the lands which the said Henry Percy held in the counties of Westmorland and Lancaster; Dodsworth's MS., 149, f. 103.
By deed without date, William de Walton and Sarra his wife granted to Adam de Staynford, 3 messuages with land, meadow, wood and waste in the hamlet of Croke in the vill of Stirkeland Ketel, which they had by the gift and feoffment of Alan de Croke, to hold in fee and inheritance. Witnesses: Walter de Stirkeland, Roger de Brunoleshefd, knights; John de Wessington, Thomas de Alneto, Richard de Gilpin, Roger son of Thomas de Lancastre; Orig. at Levens.
1376 Richard de Croke granted to Gilbert son of Roger de Burnolvesheved all his lands and park, and all his lordship or demesne in the moiety of Croke in Kendale, to hold in fee and inheritance with homages, reliefs, services etc. belonging to the moiety of Croke, rendering to the chief lords the yearly farm due. Witnesses: Roger de Lancastre, Roger de Burton, Richard de Preston, knights; William de Windesore, Thomas de Derley, Rolland de Thorneburgh, Ralph de Patton, Thomas de Kentmer, Ellis de Stainford, Nicholas son of Norman, Roger son of William, William son of John son of Ketell de Stirkeland, Henry the clerk; Orig. at Levens.
1377 By deed dated at Styrkelandketill on Sunday next before the feast of St. Lawrence, 50 Edward III, Roger de Levens and Simon de Multon, chaplain, granted to Alice daughter of Thomas son of Nicholas del Water, a messuage, land, meadow and pasture in the hamlet of Crok in the vill of Styrkelandketill, which they formerly had by the gift and feoffment of Alice daughter of John le Barbour of Wynster; to hold of the chief lords etc. Witnesses: Thomas de Laiburn, Robert de Thornburgh, William de Gilpyn, Roger de Styrkeland and Henry the clerk; Orig. at Levens.
1390 (1) Henry de Gnype held of Thomas de Roos, chr., 6 tenements and 40 a. [land and] meadow in the hamlet of Cruke for 9s. 5d. rent at Easter and Mich., worth 20s. yearly; (2) William de Baynebrigge likewise held a tenement and 6 a. land in the same hamlet for 18d. rent, worth 2s. yearly; (3) William de Walton likewise held a tenement and 6 a. land in the same hamlet for 12d. rent, worth 20s. yearly; (4) William de Haybergh likewise held a tenement and 6 a. land in the hamlet of "Croke" by knight's service, worth 6s. yearly; Inq. p.m., 14 Richard II, n. 41.
1390–95 John Phylypson holds of Philippa, duchess of Ireland, a parcel of land and a tenement called Wynstere for . . . . yearly; Adam de Wynster holds a parcel of land and a tenement there for . . . . . . yearly; Roll at Levens.
1404 (1) Henry de Gnype held of William de Parr, chr. (as in 1390), 5s. rent etc., worth 20s.; (2) (as in 1390), worth 2s.; (3) (as in 1390), worth 3s.; (4) William de Haybergh, kinsman and heir of William de Haybergh (as in 1390), worth 6s.; Inq. p.m., 6 Henry IV, n. 37.
By deed dated in 5 Henry IV, Richard de Belingham of Burnolleshed in Kendale granted to Thomas Toller, chaplain, and others all the lands and tenements which he had on that day in Kendale and Lonesdale. Witnesses: William Parr, Walter de Stirkeland, Ralph de Layborn, knights; Dodsworth's MS. 149, f. 103.
Sir Roger Bellingham married daughter of Aske, and by her had Sir Robert Bellingham, knt.; Sir Roger gave his land to Sir Thomas Clifford, but this Sir Robert Bellingham, his son, by favour of Henry VIII, got half of it again. Sir Robert left four daughters and co-heirs, viz.:—(1) Katherine, wife of Richard Asshton of Midleton in Lancs. sine prole, remarried . . . . . Damport, son of Serjeant Damport who held in Poulton 3s. 6d., in Casterton £18 4s. 2d., in Kendall 33s. 10d. of lands. (2) Dorothy, wife of Anthony Duckett of Grayrigg, who held £17 1s. 4d. rent in Grayrigg and Kendall. (3) Elizabeth wife of Cuthbert Hutton of Hutton John in Cumberland, who held the manor of Croke £8, and in Poulton by Lancaster £8 rent. (4) Thomasin, wife of William Thornborough of Hampsfell, who held £18 of rent in Selsett, Patton, Whitwell, Sleddale and Kendall.
1407 (1) Henry de Gnype held of John de Parr etc. (as in 1390) for 3s. (sic) rent; (2) William de Whittington etc. (as in 1390); (3) (as in 1390); (4) (as in 1404), worth 6s.; Inq. p.m., 9 Henry IV, n. 38.
1431 Roll of the tithe of oatmeal of the parish of Kirkeby in Kendale; the proctors do not render account this year of the tithe of Wynster, which used to render 2 bushels, because it is demised with the tithe of [Croke ?]; Roll at Levens. Croke paid 20s. 8d. for 31 bushels; ib.
1458 By deed dated 6 January, 36 Henry VI, Robert Gernet granted to William Gernet his son all his lands, tenements, rents and services in the hamlet of Cruke in Kendale, to hold of the chief lords etc. Witnesses: Alan Layborne, William Parr, James Layborne, Robert Duket and Thomas Warde; Orig. at Levens.
1526 Letter of attorney of John Garnet of Johnskalles appointing Gabriel Croft and others to deliver seisin of a tenement in Cruk and the third part of a close called Aldclose (in Staveley) to Thomas Bellingham of Helsington, gent. Dated 22 November, 18 Henry VIII; Orig. at Levens.
By deed dated 10 December, 18 Henry VIII, Lawrence Garnet of Blasterfeld, co. Westmorland, brother of John Garnet of Johneskalles, in the said county, released to Thomas Bellingham of Helsington, gent., his right and claim in a tenement in Cruke in the town of Stirkland Kettill, in the tenure of William Towson, and of an enclosure called Aldclose, lying in Staveley, which premises formerly belonged to John Garnet his brother; Orig. at Levens.
1532 An award by letters patent of Henry VIII bearing date 22 March, 23 year, in a dispute between Thomas Clifford, knt., and Sir Robert Bellingham, knt., son and heir of Sir Roger Bellingham, knt., by which there were awarded to Sir Robert (immediately after the death of Sir Roger, his father) to hold in fee the manors of Whitwell (?) and Casterton, the manor or messuage called Collinghead and the manor or messuage called Crooke, all in co. Westmorland, discharged of all incumbrances made or created by the said Sir Thomas, and also the manor of Larnrigg; to Sir Thomas Clifford and his heirs were awarded the manors or messuages called Strickland and Burneside, co. Westmorland, and Daiker (?) Milne and the namor or messuage called . . . . . co. Northumberland; Reg. of Deeds at Levens.
1533 In Hilary term, 24 Henry VIII, James Pykeringe, esq., and William Pykeringe, esq., passed (by a common recovery) to James Labyrne, knt., and Richard Dukket, esq., the manors of Whitwell, Lambrigge, Casterton and Collynghed, and the moiety of the manor of Croke, and 200 messuages, 2000 a. land, 1000 a. meadow, 1000 a. pasture, 300 a. wood, 1000 a. heath and gorse, and 20s. of rent in Whitwell, Lambrigge, Casterton, Collynghed, Croke, Patton, Selshead, Sleddale, Staveley and Kirkby Kendall. Sir Thomas Clifford, knt., warranted the premises; Orig. at Levens Hall.
1533 Upon the death of Robert Belingham, knt., son and heir of Roger Belingham, knt., the manor of Croke, worth £8 a year, was assigned to the pourparty of Elizabeth, 3rd daughter and co-heir of the said Sir Robert, and wife of Cuthbert Hutton of Hutton John, co. Cumberland; Dodsworth's MS. 149, f. 103d.
Wynstere. (fn. 1)
|The wife of Rolland Dikson||1||1½|
|William Dromylmyer and George||4½|
|Bryan Philipson of Wynnyndermeyr||1½|
1558–69 By the Duke of Norffolk: Trusty and right welbeloved we commend us unto you. Albe it we have heretofore directed or sundry letters to divers gentilmen for the pacifiyng and quyeting of all matiers in travers bitweene you, yet ye have nothing hidderto conformed yrself thereunto, whereof we mervaile not alitle considryng that it is for the stayng of great costes and charges of eyther of you. Wherefore we nowe woll that ye at the next assise as be holden at Appilby ripayre unto or loving frend Brian Palmes, binding ether of you in the somme of c.li. tabide his determynacion of all maturs betweene you, to whom we have written for this intent, like as ye may perceive by the copie of or letters whiche we send unto you hereinclosed; and in all the meante tyme we wolle that the Chapell whiche is in travers betweene you be duely served wt devyne service by some indyfferent prest to be chosen by the tennantes of the lordship of Croke and not by neyther of you. And he of you that woll not be content herewt and folow this or myend and pleasure maye never thinke to have as good lord in any thing we maye doo for hym, but to forgoo or good myend and favor during or lif. Geven under or signet etc.
Evidence shewed and exhibited to us, Walter Stricklande, John Preston, John Myddelton, Anthonie Duckett, esquires, William Gilpin and George Salkelde, gentlemen, comyssioners appointed by the Quenes Maties commission to survaye and bounder the mannour and lordeship off Winandrmer frome the mannour and lordeship of Crooke upon the parte and behalffe of the ownerez and inhabitanz off the said lordeship of Crooke. To prove theese places hereaftr named to be the trewe boundes off and betwixe bothe the saide lordshipps, that ys to wete:
Firste beginning at Tovetarne towardes the west and frome thence unto Swartroote and frome Swartroote unto Capelsbarghe and frome Capelsbarghe unto ye watter off Winster and so discending downe bye the saide watter off Winster, wch said bounds we have ridden, vewed and sene.
And to prove the same ye shewed unto us an auncient and faire dede in parchement under seale maide bie Willm Lancaster, the lorde off the Barronye off Kendall in manner and forme as followth [Here is recited William de Lancaster's deed to Walter the cook, as given above, page 332, the places named being somewhat modernised].
Item, further to prove the same the inhabitanz off Crooke have tyme oute off mynde off mann occupied bothe in pasturinge and digging off turves for their fewell within ye saide bounders and according to the same theie have broughte diverse witnesses to depose to the same wch be off nayther lordeshipp nor clayme the any interest in ye grounds in traverse and shewed also auncyent wrytinges off the same and further it appearethe that the saide free rent off 111s. bye yeare is and haithe bene tyme owte of mynde payde accordinglye.
Item, further to prove the same ys shewed yt Winaundermer is a parysche off it sellfe and payethe tithe to ye parson off Winaundermer and the lordeshipp and hamlett off Crooke is a parcell off Kendall parishe and payethe tithe to the parson and vicar off Kendall and all those withn the saide bounders off Crooke mencioned in the saide deede do paie theire tithes renewing wthin ye said bounders to the parson and vicar off Kendall or theire fermours as parcell off Crooke and the bounders and devisionz off the parishes do prove the same to us shewed in an olde Register emonge other composicions and boundryes off paryshes and indowmentes off vicarage do appeare accordinglie.
1577 On 3 March, 19 Elizabeth, Thomas Hutton late of Hutton John, esq., made a release to Allan Bellingham of Fawcett Forest, esq., of his right in the manor of Crooke and in 30 messuages, 4 cottages, 10 tofts, a water-corn mill, 24 gardens, 6 orchards, 40 a. land, 200 a. meadow, 800 a. pasture, 20 a. wood, 200 a. moor, 200 a. turbary, 100 a. moss and 100 a. marsh in Crooke, Staveley, Strickland Roger, Mosergh, Whitwell and Kirkeby in Kendall; Reg. of D. at Levens.
1599 Inquest taken at Kirkby in Kendall, 13 September, 41 Elizabeth, before Cuthbert Sisson, esquire, escheator, in co. Westmorland, by the oath of Frauncis Duckett, esq., Christopher Phillipson, esq., James Strickland, Miles Eskrigge, Robert Tunstall, Roger Dawson, Henry Wilson, Charles Strickland, John Chamber, Anthony Garnet, Christopher Sprote, Adam Lock, Miles Dawson, John Hodgson, Brian Phillipson and William Birkhead, gentlemen, who say that: William Knype on day of and long before his death was seised of 17 messuages in Crooke, now in several tenures of divers tenants thereof according to the custom called "Tenauntright" of old time used and approved within the manor or lordship of Croke. And of . . . . . . . messuages in Melkenthroppe now in several tenures of divers tenants thereof accordg to the custom of the manor or lordship of Melkinthrope. Messuages in Crooke held of queen as of her barony of Kendall by knight service, namely by a 50th part of a knight's fee, worth yearly clear £3 18s. 4d. Messuages in Melkinthrope held of Earl of Cumberland, by . . . . of a knight's fee, worth yearly clear 40s.
1608 By indentures of bargain and sale dated 30 January, 5 James I, Anthony Knipe of Burblethwaith Haull in Cartmelfell, co. Lanc., gent., in consideration of £154 conveyed to Elizabeth Knipe, his sister, a tenement in Crooke in the tenure of Thomas Wilson, yearly rent 11s. 4d.; a tenement there in the tenure of John Bateson, rent 16s.; a tenement there in the tenure of Miles Bateman, rent 16s.; and divers other tenements there duly described in the indentures; Orig. at Levens.
1611 Inquest taken at Aplebye, 9 October, 9 James 1, before John Lowther, esquire, escheator, and Robert Curwen, gentleman, feodary, and Lancelot Davies, gentleman, commissioners by writ de melius inquirendo as to whether a messuage and tenement called "Helsfell" with 50 a. land and a messuage and tenement in Crooke with 20 a. land, were held at time of Robert Phillipson's death, of the king in chief by knight service or otherwise by knight service. The jurors say that the messuage called "Helsfell" is held of the king as of his manor of Kendall, called "le Marques Fee," parcel of the barony of Kendall in free socage by fealty and a free rent of 6s. 8d. yearly; the messuage in Crooke, except 6 acres thereto belonging and mentioned in a former inquest, are held of the king as of his said manor called "le Marques Fee" in free socage by fealty and a free rent of 3s. yearly, the 6 acres parcel of the aforesaid 20 acres called Crooke, to the said messuage belonging, are held of the king as of his manor of Kendall, parcel of his Barony of Kendall called "le Marques Fee" by knight service, namely the 100th part of a knight's fee; Court of Wards, Inq. p. mort., vol. 36, n. 199.
1617 By deed dated 12 February, Elizabeth Knipe, in consideration of a marriage to be celebrated between her and Edwin Sands of Esthwaite, co. Lanc., gent., before the feast of St. Philip and St. James next coming, and of a jointure of £30 a year, conveyed the premises in Crooke, as stated in the 1608 note, to the said Edwin Sands; Orig. at Levens.
1622 On 24 . . . . . 20 James I, Miles Bateman of Tranthwaite, gent., for £102 5s. conveyed to James Bellingham of Over Levens, knt., his messuages and lands in Crooke, Stramongate in Kirkby Kendall and Mintsfeet. Reg. of Deeds at Levens.
1626 By indentures of bargain and sale, dated 13 . . . ., 1626, Anthony Knype of Burbletwhaith, gent., conveyed to Salamon Wyvell of Great Burton, gent., divers lands and tenements lying in the hamlet of Croke; Original at Levens.
1626 Inquest taken at Kirkbiekendall, 20 April, before Christopher Phillipson, esquire, Gawin Braithwaite, esquire, Robert Crosfeild, gentleman and Robert Curwen, gentleman, feodary for co. Westmorland, the king's commissioners, by the oath etc., who say that: Edwin Sands long before his death was seised inter alia of 17 mess uages or tenements in Crooke in the several tenures of divers customary tenants there and so seised he by his deed dated 10 June last (1625) conveyed all the said premises to Christopher Phillipson of Calgarth, esquire and Miles Sowrey of Sowrey, co. Lane., yeoman, their heirs and assigns to the use of the said Edwin Sandes for his life and after his decease to use of Elizabeth Sandes his wife and her heirs and assigns for ever in full satisfaction of her jointure.
The 17 messuages in Crooke co. Westmorland are held of the king as of his manor of Kirkebykendall called "le Marques Fee" by knight service namely by the 50th part of a knight's fee and are worth yearly clear 20s.
Edwin Sandes so seised of premises in Westmorland, Lancashire and Middlesex, died on 16th June last (1625) and Elizabeth Sandes his wife still lives and entered upon the 17 messuages in Crooke after her husband's death and has received the profits. Samuel Sandes is son and next heir of the said Thomas (? Edwin) Sandes, and he was aged at the time of his father's death, 12 years, 11 months, 4 days. Court of Wards Inq. p. mort., vol. 74, n. 57.
1630 By indentures of bargain and sale dated 7th August, 6 Charles I, William Shawe, gent., and Salamon Wyvell, gent., in consideration of £280, conveyed to James Bellingham, knt., all those messuages, lands and tenements in Crooke which were late in the holding of Anthony Knipe, gent.; Reg. of Deeds at Levens.
1631 Inquest taken at Kirkbie Kendall, 29 April, 7 Charles 1, before Henry Harrison, gentleman, escheator, by the oath etc., who say that: Christopher Phillipson was seised of a capital messuage and tenement called "Helsfell otherwise Helsfeild" with 60 acres of land, arable, meadow and pasture thereto belonging; of a capital messuage and tenement called "Crooke Hall otherwise Chapell Howse" in Crooke with 20 acres of land, arable, meadow and pasture thereto belonging; and of 6 other small messuages and tenements in Crooke now in the several tenures of William Warriner, William Turner, Richard Baiteman, Miles Baiteman and Robert Willson, containing 20 acres of land, arable, meadow and pasture to the same belonging.
Christopher Phillipson so being seised, by his indenture dated 9 May, 18 James I (1620) made between himself of the one part and Edward Arrundell of London, esquire, and George Hunter of Milham, co. Cumberland, yeoman, of the other part, agreed and granted for himself, his heirs and assigns, to and with Arrundell and Hunter, their heirs and assigns, that he will before Michaelmas term next suffer a writ of "Entrie sur disseisin in le post" to be brought against him by Arrundell and Hunter, to which writ he will appear gratis and vouch to warrant Edward Howse the common vouchee so that a recovery may be had against the said Christopher Phillipson of the capital messuages called "Helsfeilde, Crookehall and Wadderton alias Chappell Howse" also all his other messuages lands, etc. in Strickland Ketle, Brandrigge, Briggstere, Crooke, Helsefeild and Kirkbie Kendall. Such recovery to be to uses following, namely: that Edward Arrundell and George Hunter, their heirs and assigns, and the survivor of them shall be seised of all the premises during the lives of the said Christopher Phillipson and Marie his wife and the longer liver of them who are to receive the issues of the premises, and after their deaths, Arrundell and Hunter shall be seised of the premises to the use of the first issue male of Christopher and Marie and his heirs male, in default to second issue male and his heirs male, in default to every other issue male, in default of issue male of Christopher and Mary then to use of their issue female successively, in default of issue of Christopher by Marie then to heirs of Marie and her assigns for ever. Upon condition that if the premises and the reversion thereof shall come to Marie her heirs and assigns for ever, she or they shall within 2 years after the decease of Christopher pay at the capital messuage called "Crokehall" £100 to such person as Christopher shall nominate by his will in writing or by such other writing, sealed and signed by him and delivered in presence of 3 witnesses, and the said will or writing to be showed to Marie her heirs etc., at least 2 months before the £100 shall be due, or else the estate and remainder in Fee of the said Marie, her heirs and assigns to be void. The recovery was suffered as by the exemplification thereof under the seal of the king's Court of the Bench. The capital messuage called "Helffeild alias Helsfeild" with 60 acres of land are held of the king as of his manor of Kendall called "le Marques Fee" parcel of the barony of Kendall in free socage by fealty and a free rent of 6s. 8d. yearly, worth yearly clear 20s. The capital messuage called "Crookehall alias Chappell Howse" in Crooke with 24 acres of land except 6 acres of land to the same messuage belonging, are held of the king as of his aforesaid manor called le "Marques Fee" in free socage by fealty and a free rent of 3s. yearly, worth yearly clear 8s. And the 6 acres aforesaid are held of the king as of his manor of Kendall parcel of his barony of Kendall called "le Marques Fee" by knight service namely, the footh part of one knight's fee and are worth yearly clear 2s.
Christopher Phillipson died 3 September, 1630, and Hudleston Phillipson is his son and nearest heir and of the said Marie, he is aged 10 years, 1 month, 24 days now. And Marie Phillipson the relict of Christopher is living at Crooke, and Anne Phillipson, widow, mother of Christopher, is living at Helsfell. Court of Wards Inq. p. mort., vol. 81, n. 36.
1631 A further inquisition upon Christopher Philipson, gentleman, was taken at Kirkbiekendall, 2 September, 7 Charles 1, before Henry Harrison, gentleman, escheator, by writ of "melius inquirendo" whether the 6 small messuages and tenements in Crooke with 20 acres of land, arable, meadow and pasture to the messuages belonging, are held of the king by knight service or not and how or in what manner, by the oath etc., who say that they are held of the king as of his manor of Kendall called "le Marques Fee" parcel of the barony of Kendall in free socage by fealty etc., and a free rent of 12d. Court of Wards Inq. p. mort., vol. 81, n. 21.
1649 Indentures of bargain and sale dated 9 August, 1649, made between John Philipson of the Hollinghow, gent. (1), and Matthew Wilson, James Feild, Thomas Wilson, George Thompson, Miles Bateman, and John Birkett, chappel wardens of Crooke Chappel and feoffees in trust for the good of the stocke of the saide chappel of Crooke, yeomen, (2); reciting that whereas John Phillipson, by deed of even date, hath granted and sold to the said feoffees his closse or inclosure of ground called Briarie Closse in Crooke, parcel of the lands of Henry Bellingham, knt., of the yearly rent of 6d., and also one water corne milne and kilne in Crooke, called Sever Mill, of the yearly rent of 13s. 4d., now in the possession of the said John Philipson; these indentures witness that if John Philipson causes to be paid to the said feoffees £3 4s. on 14th April, 1650, and £3 4s. on 14 April, 1651, and £43 4s. on 14 April, 1652, within Crooke chapel in the afternoon of the said days, the said indenture of sale and bond shall be void, or else of full effect. Endorsed "Defeasans yr of in ye chappel of Crooke"; D. at Levens.