Records Relating To the Barony of Kendale: Volume 1. Originally published by Titus Wilson and Son, Kendal, 1923.
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1572 Inquest taken at Kirkbiekendall, 14 March 14 Elizabeth (1571-2) before [Robert] Bindlos esq., Roland Philipson gent., Anthony Garnett gent., by commission to them directed, by the oath of Thomas Strikland gent., Walter Chamber gent., Richard Bouskell gent., Miles Philipson gent., Ranulph Wasshington gent., John Collynson gent., James Strickland gent., Thomas Sleddall gent., Miles Foxe gent., Charles Eskrige gent., Richard Tunstall gent., Peter W . . . . . . Willson gent., Stephan Feild gent., and Stephan Edmundson gent., who say that: William Parre, late marquis of Northampton, was seised at his death in fee tail, namely to him & . . . . . with reversion thereof to the Queen, of all that lordship & manor of Kendall & the castle of Kendall in the counties of Westmoreland Cumberland & [Lancaster] with the rights, members & appurt., formerly parcel of the lands and possessions of Thomas Parre, knight, father of the said late marquis; And of the free rents of free tenants of a fourth part of the country (patria) of Kendall, parcel of the barony of Kendall & formerly parcel of the lands & possessions of the said Thomas Parre, knight; And of all those demesne lands outside the walls of the said park of Kendall, & of a mill and burgages (burgat') in the town or borough of Kendall, parcel of the said manor of K[endall]; & of all those approved rents as well by (juxta) Kendall as in the country there, amounting to the clear yearly value of 50s. 5d.; & of the tolls of markets and fairs, tolls, stallages, windells and lepes in Kirby Kendall, lately . . . . . let to Christopher Sadler. He was also seised at his death in fee tail, the reversion belonging to the Queen, of the manors of Gresmere, Langdon, Grenerigge, Skallwhatrigg, Strickland Rogers, Hooton, Haye, Hewgill and Grenehedd with their rights, members & appurt., formerly parcel of the lands & possessions of the said Thomas Parre, knight, and of certain tenements formerly parcel of the said possessions in Crostwate, now or late in occupation of Miles Brigges or his assigns, & of messuages, lands, rents &c. called "Ducketts lands" in Staveley, Kendall and Langden. The lordship, manor, castle & park of Kendall & the said rents of free tenants . . . . . . . . . . of Kendall and the demesne lands outside the walls of the said park of Kendall & the said mill, burgages in the borough of Kendall & the approved rents nigh Kendall and in the country there are worth yearly clear £. . 10s. 2d.; the tolls of markets & fairs, tolls, stallages, windles & lepes in Kirkby Kendall are worth yearly clear 100s.; the manor of Gresmere & . . . . . . . . yearly clear £15 0s. 6d.; the manor of Grenerigg is worth yearly clear £20 8s. 7d.; the manor of Skalthatrigg, £12. 5s. 0¼d.; the manor of Strickland Rogers, £13 3s. 6½d.; the manor of Hoton, £8 19s. 10½d.; the manor of Haye, £13 2s. 9½d.; the manor of Hewgill, £5 7s. 1d.; the manor of Grenehedd, £10 17s. 5d.; the lands &c. in Crostwaite . . . . 15s.; the messuages &c. called "Ducketts lands" in Staveley, Kendall & Langden, £15 2s. 10½d. They say that the said William Parre, late marquis of Northampton, before his death took to wife one Helen, now marchioness of Northampton, & that he died 28 October,  & his wife survives; Chan. Inq. p. m., ser. ii, vol. 162, n. 179.
1574 Indentures of mortgage by John Williamson of Boweston, gent., to Alan Bellingham, esq., to secure £40, of messuages and tenements in Stramongate in Kirkby Kendal, late in the occupation of John Mytchell, John Kylner, Cather Bethome and the late wife of Mathew Stewardson, of the yearly rent of 41s. 4d., to hold for 99 years from the feast of the Annunciation next. Dated 20 March, 1574. In 1577 Anthony Machell (sic) made an absolute sale of the premises to Mr. Bellingham; D. at Levens.
1577 A summons from the Queen to Alan Bellingham to come before her Council established in the North Part at York on 20 January next "to answer unto such complaynt as Myles Fox, alderman of the boroughe of Kirkby Kendall and the burgesses of the same have exhibited unto us" &c. "And over thes we will and commaund youe that youe in the meane tyme do by your selff and your workemen stay and forbeare frome any more bewldinge, erectinge and settinge uppe of one howse wch youe have begonne in Kerkbie Kendall on the east syde of a stret yr called the Hiegate or Sowtergate, untill the matter for the settinge upp and beuldinge of the same shalbe further ordred before us and our said counsell" &c. "Fayle ye not hereof as ye will answere at your perell. Geven under our Signet at or said Cittie, this xxvith daie of December, the xxth yeare of or Reigne. And bie her counsell—Pullen"; Orig. at Levens.
Account of Thomas Bateman, bailiff and collector of rents of Alan Bellingham, esq. within the town of Kirkebie in Kendall, Kirkland, Kendall and other places adjoining, from Martinmas, 1576, to Pentecost following (1577), namely for half a year.
|Alan Gilping||Henry Crosbye|
|Jervase Chamber||John Garnet|
|Thomas Wilson||Robert Buntinge|
|Peter Bateman||Henry Doddinge|
|Mathew Jopson||the relict of Thomas Grene|
|by year £4 13s. half year 46 6|
|Anthony Reginald Atkinson||Nicholas Jackson|
|William Bethome||Miles Fox|
|the relict of Stephen Wilson||the relict, viz. Jenet Steile|
|by year £4 4s. 4d. half year||42||2|
|Henry Duckett||Robert Chester|
|by year 18s. half year||9||0|
|Edward Grigg||John Stell|
|John Warriner||William Parke|
|by year 33s. 10d. half year||16||11|
|Henry Moisergh||John Gurnell|
|by year 16s. half year||8||0|
1577 On 4 October, 19 Elizabeth (1577) John Williamson of Bowston, gent., in consideration of £40, conveyed to Alan Bellingham of Fawcett Forest, esq., certain messuages, houses, gardens, tofts, crofts, &c., in Kirkbie Kendall, then or late in the occupation of John Mitchell, John Kilner, Cador Bethome, the relict of Matthew Stewardson, William Wilson, John Nicholson, Robert Barrowe, Edward Forner, William Warrener, John Armer, and Robert Johnson. Witnesses: James Brathwin, Robert Buntinge, Thomas Batman, William Jopson, Anthony Yeat (mark), Henrie Chappethowe (mark), Martin Gilpinge. (fn. 1)
In Hilary term, 19 Elizabeth (1577) Richard Sandforth, esquire, and Anne his wife passed by fine to Alan Bellingham, esquire, for 230 marks, 16 messuages, 7 cottages, 20 tofts, 10 barns, 20 shops, 20 gardens, 12 orchards, 20 a. land, 10 a. meadow, 20 a. pasture and common of pasture for all animals in Kirkby Kendall; Orig. at Levens.
1578 Deed of sale by "Anthony Maychell off Gresdall," yeoman, to Allan Bellingham, esq., for £3, "of all those messuages, chamberes, schoppes, stables, buyldynges and gardines," late in the occupation of Percival Marshall lying and being in Kirkby Kendall, to hold according to the custom of the said town called "ten[nan]dright." Dated 18 April, 20 Elizabeth (1578). "By me Anthonie Machell." Circular seal, a crown over the letter W; D. at Levens.
1580 Inquest taken at Appulbie 8 Oct., 22 Elizth (1580). Thomas Bellingham, by virtue of the last will of Alan Bellingham, esq. decd his late father, was seised in his demesne as of fee tail, viz. to himself and the heirs male of his body, inter alia of the manors of Kendall, Crostwhayte and Lythe and divers messuages, cottages, lands & tenemts in them. And a fourth part of the tolls of the markets and fairs within the town or Borough of Kirkbiekendall. And a fourth part of the free fishery and fishing of the whole of the waters of Kent. And a fourth part of the wastes, rents, increments, improvements over the waste or water within the lordship of Kendall. And a fourth part of the perquisites of fines and amercements of 2 great Courts or Leets yearly held within Kendall, and a certain Court Baron yearly held every 3 weeks within Kendall. And of the perquisites, suits, fines, profits, and amercements of the Courts Baron when they shall befal. And of one new edifice or burgage formerly called a Kidcote built in the town and borough of Kirkbiekendall in a street there called "le Hiegate" otherwise "Souterhate" at the northern end of the place there called "le Newbigging end" containing by estimation in length 3½ ells (ulna) and in width 5¾ ells. And of a parcel of waste adjoining the edifice or burgage at the north end thereof containing by estimation in length and width 5 ells. And of divers messuages, lands and tenemts in the town or borough of Kirkbie-in-Kendall. And of the manor of Kirkby in Kendall otherwise Kirkland in Kendall which manor late was parcel of the possessions of the dissolved monastery of Saint Mary the Virgin by the walls of the city of York, and of divers messuages, burgages, lands etc in Kirkland aforesaid. And of one Court Baron with a Court of View of frank plege within said manor of Kirkland yearly to be held. Manor of Kirkbie-in-Kendall otherwise Kirkland in Kendall held of the Queen as of her manor of Eastgrenewiche in free and common socage by fealty only and not in chief and is worth yearly clear £5 7s. 1d. Thomas died 5 August last (1580) without any heir male of his body lawfully begotten and James Bellingham is brother and heir of the said Thomas and is aged 20 years, 15 weeks, 3 days now, Chanc. Inquisns post mortem, ser. ii, vol. 191, no. 116.
1587 Inquest taken at the Castle of Appulbye iiij November, 30 Elizabeth (1587–8) before Thomas Buskell esquire, escheator. Miles Fox long before his death was seised of 6 burgages or tenements & 1 house or tenement containing 1 shop & 2 taverns or eating-houses (duas tavernas sive salacia) in Kendall. So seised he by his will dated 14 December, 24 Elizabeth (1581) gave the burgages & tenements to Thomas Foxe his son in these words "I give and bequeath unto my sonne Thomas Foxe all my landes and tenements that I dye seised 01 or that I ought to have after the death of my naturall mother within the barony of Kendall or els where, Killner house only excepted. Item I will that it my sonne Thomas Foxe depart from this transitory life before he come to mariage or lawfull age, or have children lawfully begotten, or else be amynded to goe to the vniuersity there to remayne untill he be batcheler of divinity, or els as furth in other learnyng and knowledge, then I will my landes and tenements aforesaide to be devided amongst my other children." So seised Miles died iiij December, 24 Elizabeth (1581). Three of the said burgages or tenements are held of the Queen as of per purparty or manor of Kendall, called "le Richmond Fee," by fealty & a free rent of 10d. yearly, payable at Michaelmas. The other two burgages or tenements are held of the Queen as of her purparty or manor of Kendall, called "le Marques Fee," by fealty & a free rent of 7d. yearly. And the aforesaid burgage or tenement & the aforesaid house or tenement, the residue of the burgages & tenements aforesaid are held of James Bellingham, esquire, as of his purparty or manor of Kendall, called "le Lomeley Fee," by fealty & a free rent of 6½d. payable at Michaelmas. The tenements are worth yearly clear £4 17s. 0d. Christopher Foxe is son & heir of the aforesaid Miles Foxe & is aged 30 years; Court of Wards Inq. p.m., vol. 23, n. 10.
1588 Inquest taken at the castle of Apulbie, 6 October, 30 Elizabeth (1588), before Thomas Buskell, esquire, escheator. Oswold Bethom, gentleman, was seised at his death of 21 messuages & tenements in Kirkbie Kendall, held of James Bellyngham, esquire, as of his purparty of the barony of Kendall by fealty & a free rent 01 3s. 8d., and are worth yearly clear £8 7s. 6d. He died 20 April, 29 Elizabeth (1587) and Anne, now wife of Alan Wilson, gentleman, is his daughter & sole heir, aged 26 years; Court of Wards, Inq. p. m., vol. 22, n. 4.
1590–1600 Mr. James Bellingham, in his answer to a bill of complaint brought against him for not suffering the mayor of Kendal to go before him with his mace through Kirkland, defended his action because Kirkland was no part of the Queen's Majesty's town of Kirkby Kendal, but an estate of the late dissolved monastery of St. Mary of York and that he, Bellingham, was "Quarter Baron of Kendal, &c." The answer was made by James Bellingham, esq., Martin Gilpin, William Collinson and William Ellerbie; Orig. at Levens.
1601 By deed dated 21 October, 43 Elizabeth, 1601, Francis Kitchin of Staveley, co. Westmorland, yeoman, conveyed to Arthur Wilson of Helsington, yeoman, "all that his part, purparty or portion of the late dissolved hospital of St. Leonard, commonly called the Spittle, near Kendal, with the lands, buildings, and appurtenances. Witnesses: Thomas Carles, Roger Lorymer, William Whitehead (mark), Bartholomew Wilson, John Wilson, Anthony Lorymer (mark); Orig. at Levens.
1605 Inquest taken at Kirkby Kendall, 1 June, 3 James I (1605), before Thomas Lamplughe, esquire, escheator. Richard Wilson, yeoman, long before his death was seised of a messuage, a garden in Stramongate in the town of Kirkby Kendall; & of 5 a. land in a field called "Minsfeete," near the said town; & of 2 closes or enclosures of land containing by estimation 8 a., commonly called "Astwhaitrigges" in a place called "le Spittle" near the said town & lately parcel of the possessions of the late hospital of St. Leonard, now dissolved, near the said town of Kirby Kendall. So seised, he by his will dated 5 July, 1603, bequeathed to Katherine then his wife all the above premises, to hold until Elizabeth Wilson his daughter should be 12 years of age, & then to his said daughter Elizabeth & the heirs of her body lawfully begotten, with remainder in default of such to Thomas Wilson, brother of the said Richard, & the heirs of his body lawfully begotten, with remainder in default of such to Gilbert Wilson, another brother of the said Richard, & the heirs of his body lawfully begotten, with remainder to the right heirs of the said Richard. So seised he died on 7 July, 1 James I (1603), & Elizabeth Wilson is his only daughter & heir & at the time of her father's death was aged 4 years and 3 months. The messuage & garden in Stramongate & the 5 a. in Minsfeete are held of the King in free socage, as of his manor or barony of Kendall and are worth yearly clear 30s.; the 2 closes or enclosures called Astwhaitriggs are held of the King in chief by the 40th part of a knight's fee & are worth yearly clear 36s. 8d. Katherine late the wife of the said Richard Wilson has taken to husband one Thomas Wharton & afterwards he & Katherine by force of the will received the issues and profits of the premises and still receive them; Court of Wards Inq. p.m., vol. 27, n. 79.
1605 Inquest taken at Kendall, 16 November, 3 James I (1605), before Thomas Lamplugh, esquire, escheator. Simon Swainson was seised at his death of a capital messuage called "Townendhaule" & 28 a. of demesne lands thereto adjacent in the parish of Kendall, near the end of the town of Kendall; & of 10 burgages or tenements in Kendall in a street there called "Stricklandgate," in the several tenures of Roger Dawson, John Fisher, John Dobson, Walter Backhouse, William Askewe, Nicholas Bucher, Edward Knottes, Thomas Wilson, John Potter & . . . . Gregorie; & of another burgage or tenement in Kendall in a street called "le Markett place," in the tenure of Peter Cowper; & of another burgage or tenement in Kendall in a street called "Highgate," in the tenure of Alan Gilpin. So seised he by his will dated 4 January 1604  bequeathed to Anne Swainson his 2nd daughter, the capital messuage called "Townendhaule" & the demesne lands & all the burgages to hold to her & her heirs, rendering therefor to Agnes Swainson, younger daughter of Simon, £200 within 2 years after Agnes shall have reached 14 years of age or married, whichever should first happen, and also to Margaret Potter, wife of Thomas Potter, eldest daughter (enecie filie) of Simon, £20 within 2 years after Anne shall have entered upon the said lands & tenements. Should Agnes die before the time of payment of the £200 that legacy shall be void & then Anne or her heirs shall pay out of the aforesaid premises to Margaret & her issue begotten or to be begotten £100 only, whereof the £20 above bequeathed to her shall be parcel, within 2 years next after the death of Agnes. Should Anne die before she marries or reaches the age of 21 years then the said lands & tenements shall remain to Agnes his younger daughter & her heirs for ever & then the legacy of £200 shall be void & Agnes or her heirs shall pay out of the premises to Margaret his eldest daughter & her issue £100, whereof the £20 above bequeathed to her shall be parcel, within 2 years next after Agnes shall have entered upon the premises. Should Agnes his younger daughter die before she marries or reaches the age of 21 years then the lands & tenements shall remain to Margaret his eldest daughter & her heirs for ever & then the £100 shall be void. And Simon willed that Margaret Swainson his wife shall receive the profits of all the premises for 3 years next after his death to educate his 2 daughters Anne & Agnes & to discharge his debts. Simon Swainson died 7 January, 2 James I (1605); Margaret aged 21 years & upwards, Anne aged 14 years & 3 months, Agnes aged 10 years 5 months at the time of their father's death, are his daughters & next heirs. The capital messuage, demesne lands, burgages & tenements are worth £6 13s. 4d. yearly clear & are held as follows: 2 parts thereof, in four parts to be divided, of the King as of his purparty of the barony of Kendall, called "le Richmond Fee," by fealty & a free rent of 2s. 2d. at Michaelmas in free socage & not in chief; a third part (of 4 parts) thereof held of the King as of his purparty of the said barony of Kendall, called "le Marques Fee," by fealty & a free rent of 3s. 1d. at Michaelmas in free socage & not in chief, & the 4th part thereof, being the residue, held of James Bellingham, knight, as of his purparty of the said barony of Kendall, called "Le Lumley Fee," by fealty & a free rent of 20d. at Michaelmas in free socage & not in chief; Court of Wards Inq. p.m., vol. 46, n. 136.
1615 Inquest taken at Kendall, 1 September, 13 James I (1615), before Roger Otwaye, esquire, escheator. Charles Wharton was seised or 1 tenement, close or parcel of land called "Milne Inges" in Natland, containing by estimn 6 a. of land, arable, meadow & pasture; & also of 11 a. in a place called "Kendall Parke." So seised he by his will bequeathed his lands & tenements as follows: "I give to my elder daughter Agnes Wharton and to her heires for ever all my lands grounds and hereditaments at Natland, my wives widowright in the same excepted. Item I give to my younger daughter Sibill Wharton and to her heires for ever all those my lands and hereditaments att or neere Ayckrigge, which I purchased of the countess of Cumberland and all houses and barnes thereuppon builded, the widowright therein of my wife excepted." The premises in Natland are held of the king as of his manor of Kendall, called "le Marques Fee," by knight service namely: the hundredth part of a knight's fee & in fee farm of Thomas Strickland, knight, lately deceased, by a rent of 8s. yearly & are worth yearly clear 6s.; the lands in the park of Kendall are held of the King as of his manor of Eastgreenwich in free socage by fealty only & in fee farm of the king & of the countess dowager of Cumberland 28s. 9d. yearly & are worth yearly clear 10s. Charles Wharton died 24 March last (1615) and Agnes, aged now 14 years 11 months, & Sibilla Wharton, now aged 7 years 1 month, are his daughters & heirs; Court of Wards Inq. p.m., vol. 53, n. 106.
1615 Inquest taken at Kirkbye Kendall, 1 September, 13 James I (1615) before Roger Otwaye, escheator, by the oath of Robt Philipson, George Siggeswicke, Thos Garnett, Wm Collinson, Edward Harlin, Robert Wadeson, Brian Walker, John Taylor, Robert Wilson, Roger . . . ., Nicholas Cocke, John Glover, Peter Mawson & Thos Richardson, who say that Miles Eskrigge was seised at his death of 13 burgages in Kirkby Kendall; 3 closes or parcels of land in Strickland Ketle, containing 7 a. land, held of the King as of his purparty of the manor of Kendall called "le Marques Fee" by fealty & a rent . . . .; one of the burgages is held as above of the "Marques Fee" by fealty & a rent of 13s. (or 14s.), suit of court . . . . . manor of Kendall, of the "Marques Fee" by knight service; . . . burgages are held as above of "le Richmond Fee" & of James Bellingham, knight, as of his purparty . . . . . called Lumley Fee, by fealty & a rent to the King of 16d. for "le Richmond Fee" & 13½d. to James Bellingham, knight, for the "Lumley Fee" & suit of Court, the whole worth yearly clear 20s. Miles Eskrigge died 18 October last & . . . . Eskrigge is his son & next heir, now aged 22 years and 3 months; Chan. Inq. p.m., ser. ii, vol. 675, n. 129.
1616 Inquest taken at Kirkby Kendall, 13 April, 14 James I (1616), before William Garnett & Christopher Phillipson, esquires, Roger Otwaye, esquire, escheator, & Robert Curwen, gentleman, feodary. John Smith, gentleman, was seised at his death of 22 a. land within the park of Kyrkby Kendall, sometime parcel of the said park & lately purchased by the said John Smith from Henry, lord Herbert; & also of 3 a. land in certain fields called "Mintesfeete," sometime parcel of the possessions of Thomas Weshington & then parcel of the manor of Halheade, which said 3 a. descended by hereditary right to Elizth Washington, one of the 4 daughters & coheirs of the said Thomas Weshington, and afterwards married to William Gilpin, esquire, who begot by her George Gilpin, esquire, still living to whom the said 3 a. in Mintesfeete hereditarily descended after the death of his mother from which George Gilpin, esquire, the said John Smith purchased those 3 a.; & also of 5 messuages, 5 gardens in the town of Kyrkby Kendall. John Smith so seised died 13 January last (1616). The 22 a. in Kendall Parke are held of the King as of his manor of Eastgreenwich, co. Kent, in free & common socage & not in chief by a rent of £3 11s. 0d. yearly, & are worth yearly clear 10s. The 3 a. in Mintesfeete are held of the King as of his manor of Kirkby Kendall, called "le Marques Fee," sometime parcel of the possessions of Thomas Parr, knight, by knight service, namely: by the 200th part of a knight's fee, & are worth yearly clear 2s. The messuages & other premises in Kirkby Kendall are held of the King as of his barony of Kirkby Kendall in free burgage by suit of court & a rent of 6d. yearly & are worth yearly clear 3s. 4d. Thomas Smith is son & next heir of the said John Smith & is now aged 13 years 2 months & 17 days. Anne Smith wife of the aforesaid John, still survives at Kirkby Kendall; Court of Wards Inq. p.m., vol. 54, n. 99.
Inquest taken at Kirkeby Kendall, 14 September, 14 James I (1616), before Roger Otwaie, esquire, escheator. Miles Dicksone, gent., was seised at his death of 2 a. land in Kirkbykendall in certain fields called "Myntsfeete," formerly parcel of the possessions of Thomas Washingtone & parcel of his manor of Hawlehead, which said 2 a. descended by hereditary right to Elizabeth Washingtone, one of the 4 daughters & coheirs of the said Thomas Washington, who afterwards married William Gilpine, esquire, who by her begot George Gilpine, esquire, still living, to whom the said 2 a. in Mintsfeete descended by hereditary right after his mother Elizabeth's death, which George Gilpine's estate in the said 2 a. Miles Dickson had. So seised Miles Dicksone died on 4 September, 1610, and Susanna Dicksone, then aged 11 years, 2 mos. 15 days, Margaret Dicksone, then aged 9 years, 6 mos., 14 days; & Alice Dicksone, then aged 5 years, 9 mos., 17 days, are his daughters & coheirs. The said 2 a. are held of the King as of his manor of Kirkbykendall, called "le Marquesse Fee," by knight service, namely by the 200th part of a knight's fee & are worth yearly clear 12d. Agnes Dicksone late the wife of the said Miles, Edward Wilkinsone & Robert Willsone have occupied the premises & received the profits from the day on which Miles died until now; Court of Wards, Inq. p.m., vol. 55, n. 94.
1617 Inquest taken at Shappe, 10 January, 14 James I (1617), before Thomas Dudley, esquire, & Robert Curwenn, gentleman, feodaries. Margaret, countess of Cumberland, held at her death for term of her life, as jointure, the castles & manors of Brougham alias Burgham, Appulbie alias Applebye, Burgh under Stainesmore & Pendragon & the manors of Kirkby Stephen, Sowerby juxta Burgh, Wintonn, Kingsmeaborne, Langton, Mallerstronge, Knock alias Shalcocke, & the forests of Whinfeild, Stainsmore & Mallerstronge & divers messuages, lands, tenements, feedings, pastures, meadows, woods, underwoods, rents, reversions, remainders, advowsons, liberties & franchises in all the above places & Temple Sowerbie, Kirkbythure, Whinfeild alias Whintell, Woodsyde, Moorehouses, Sandforde, Cliborne, Brampton, Horneby, Boulton, Burrells, Clifton, Flaickbrigg, Sowthfeild, Bongate, Burton, Hiltonn, Milburnefell, Kendall & Marton of the inheritance of George, late earl of Cumberland, her late husband, deceased, by virtue of an Act of the Parliament of Queen Elizabeth at Westminster on 19 February, 34 Elizabeth (1592). The countess was seised at her death of one messuage, 1 barn, 1 garden, 1orchard, 50 a. land, 15 a. meadow, 40 a. pasture, 40 a. moor in Harwood & Stockton, co. York, & held them of the king in chief by knight service. The countess was likewise seised at her death of a 4th part of the castle of Kirkby-Kendall, & of 31 a. of wood in Kyrkbykendall Parke in co. Westmorland & held them of the King as of his manor of Eastgreenewiche in co. Kent in socage. So seised the countess made her will 27 April, 14 James I (1616) by which she devised as follows: "all those my capitall messuages, landes, tenementes & hereditamentes in Harwood & Stockton, co. Yorke by me of late by meane conveyances purchased of one Albanie Butler, gentleman, and Elizabeth his wife unto my executors to be by them or the survivor of them, either sould or otherwise ordered as to them or the survivour of them shall seme convenient. Allso I will and devyse my woodes in Kendall to my executors to be sould for the beste value." And by the same will she made Philip Tyrwhaite, knight & baronet, John Bayfeild, doctor of theology, Arnold Oldsworth esquire, Henry Vincent & Ralph Coniston her executors. The countess died 24 May, 14 James I (1616) at Browgham, co. Westmorland, and Anne, countess of Dorsett, wife of Richard, earl of Dorsett, is daughter & heir of the said Margaret, late countess of Cumberland, & at the time of her mother's death was aged 24 years. The premises in Harwood & Stockton, co. York, are all of the clear yearly value of £10, and the 31 acres of wood in Kendall Parke, co. Westmorland, are of the clear yearly value of 20s.; Court of Wards Inq. p.m., vol. 55, n. 185.
1618 Inquest taken at Kirkbikendall, 27 March, 16 James I (1618) before Roger Otwaie, escheator, by the oath of Robert Phillipsone of Hollinghowe, Samuel Knipe of Fairebanke, James Strickland of Hellsfell, Robert Willkinsonn of Kendalltowne end, Henry Kitchine of Ukerigge, Peter Mowsonn of the same, Allan Stephensone of the same, Robert Willsonn of Kendall, John Chamber of the same, Thomas Atkinsone of Skelsmer, Wm Denisonn of the same, Anthony Gilpin of the same, John Harrison of Staveley, Thomas Gilpin of Skelsmer & Peter Birkett of Hugill, gentlemen, who say that: William Collingsonn of Long Sleddall, yeoman, was seised at his death of a burgage & tenement in Kirkbykendall, in a street there called "Wattlaine"; 3 "Officina Anglice shopps" in Wattlaine within Kirkbykendall; a tenement in Stricklandkettle & Minsfeet; and 2 burgages &c in Le Highgate in Kirkbikendall, which premises, except the 2 burgages, were held of the King & now are held of Charles, Prince of Wales, as of his purparty of his manor of Kendall called "le Marques fee" in free socage by fealty & a free rent of 5d yearly at Martinmas, & worth yearly clear 40s; the 2 burgages in le Highgate in Kirkbikendall are held of James Bellinghame, knight, as of his purparty of the manor of Kendall called "le Lumley Fee" in free socage by fealty & a free rent of 4d yearly at the same term worth yearly clear 10s iiid. William Collingsone died the last day of February, 13 James I (1615–6), & James Collingsone is his son & heir, aged 30 years; Chan. Inq. p.m., ser. ii, vol. 676, n. 153.
1618 Inquest taken at Kirkbikendall, 18 September, 16 James I (1618) before Roger Otway, esq., escheator, by the oath of William Benson, James Strickland, Henry Kitching, Thomas Brigges, Thomas Gilpin, Thomas Atkinson, Miles Willmson, John Harison, James Mowson, Nicholas Cocke, Roger Bateman, Gollphridus Borrett, Edward Bland & Adam Coocke, who say: Edward Archer of Kirkbikendall, yeoman, was seised at his death of a messuage in Kirkbikendall & ¼ a. land there, held of the King by fealty & a rent of 6d of the barony of Kendall called "le Richmond Fee," worth yearly clear 2s. Edward Archer died 23 September, 14 James I (1616), & Richard Archer is his son & heir, now aged 12 years; Chan. Inq. p.m., ser. ii, vol. 676, n. 154.
Inquest taken at Kirkbikendall, 18 September, 16 James I (1618), before Roger Otway, and the same jurors, who say that Francis Gibson of Kendall, gent., was seised at his death of 8 a. of land in "la Kendall parke," held of the King as of his Castle of Kendall in free socage & now held of Charles, Prince of Wales, in free socage, worth yearly clear 4s. He died 27 December last (1617) & Michael Gibson is his son & heir, now aged 31 years; Chan. Inq. p.m., ser. ii, vol. 676, n. 159.
1622 Inquest taken at Applebie, 25 September, 20 James I (1622), before Peter Seenhouse, esquire, escheator. Robert Dixon late of Kirkbie Kendall, mercer, long before his death was seised of a capital messuage or tenement called "Abothall," near the cemetery of the parish church of Kirkebie Kendall, & a close of land & meadow called "Wellinge," containing by estimation 2½ a. belonging to the said capital messuage & with it occupied & enjoyed with all the houses, buildings, edifices, curtilages, orchards, gardens, crofts, waste lands, rights, commodities & hereditaments to the said capital messuage belonging. So seised Robert Dixon by his charter dated 2 March, 18 James I (1620) enfeoffed William Bancke of Kirkebie Kendall aforesaid, mercer, George Ward, yeoman, of the said capital messuage called "Abothall" & the said close called "Well Inge" with the premises (as above), & to hold &c. to the use of the said Robert Dixon for his life & afterwards to the use of Mary Dixon, Robert's wife, & her heirs & assigns of the chief lords of that fee &c.; whereby Robert Dixon was thereof seised as of free tenement with remainder as abovesaid & died so seised 17 December last (1621). Susan Dixon, Margaret Dixon & Alice Dixon, daughters & coheirs of Miles Dixon, brother of the said Robert, are his cousins & next heirs. The premises are held of the King as of his manor of Hakesnorton, co. Oxon., in free socage & not in chief, by fealty only, for all services, & are worth yearly 5s; Court of Wards Inq. p.m., vol. 66, n. 86.
1624 Inquest taken at Kendall, 13 February, 21 James I (1624), before Roger Otway, gentleman, escheator. John Hey was seised at his death of 2 closes of land called "Tarne closes" in Kendall Parke, a close called "Parke Greene," a close called "Hugill close" in Kendall Parke, a messuage & tenement in Kendall Parke, late in the tenure of Thomas Ayrey, containing 44 a. land, & of 11 burgages, messuages or tenements in Kirkby Kendall. The messuage & premises in Kendall Parke are held of the King as of his manor of Eastgreenwich in free socage; the burgages in Kendall are held of the King as of his castle of Kendall, called "le Marques Fee," by fealty & suit of court; they are worth yearly clear £3 6s 8d. John Hey died 20 November last (1623) & John Hey is his son & heir now aged 6 years, 10 mos & 9 days; Court of Wards Inq. p.m., vol. 68, n. 91.
1628 Inquest taken at Kirbie Kendall, 21 October, 4 Charles I (1628) before Henry Cowper, esq., escheator, by the oath of John Atkinson, Henry Feild, Giles Bayliffe, Robert Harrison, John Jackson, James Gibbonson, Thomas Usconson, Henry Garnett, James Hardie, Mathew Phillipson, William Hodgson, John Moore & William Helme, yeomen, who say that William Harrison of Kendall Parke, yeoman, was seised of a messuage or tenement in Kendall Parke & 20 a. land there held of the King as of his manor of Easte Greenewich, co. Kent, in free socage, namely: by fealty & a free rent of 20s yearly & not in chief nor by knight service, worth yearly clear 20s. He died 1 December last (1627) & Robert Harrison is his son & next heir, then aged 28 years; Chan. Inq. p.m., ser. ii, vol. 707, n. 57.
1629 Inquest taken at Kirkbie Kendall, 31 March, 5 Charles I (1629) before Henry Cowper, esq., escheator, by the oath of John Pearson, Thomas Brigges, Christopher Phillipson, John Jackson, Henry Forrest, Robert Chamber, William Hodgson, Roger Ayrey, John Birkhead, Adam Sheppard, James Lancaster, John Powe & Giles Speight yeomen, who say that Ranulph Newbie of Bradley field was seised of a capital messuage in Bradleyfeild & 8 a. land, 4 a. pasture there; & 2 closes of land & pasture in Kendall Parke called "le Frithe" with a barn thereto belonging; & another close of land & pasture there called "Wilkinsons close," containing 8 a. 3 r., & divers other closes of land & pasture there called "Broadmire Wood, Broadmire meadowes, & le Browe," containing 22 a. 3 r. So seised, on 9 September, 18 James I (1620) he enfeoffed thereof Martin Gilpin, Robert Crosfeild & Barnard Gilpin, to hold the premises in Bradleyfeild & the 2 closes called "le Frith" & the barn & the close called "Wilkinson's close" in Kendall Park to the use of himself for life & after his death to the use of John Wilkinson, son & heir apparent of Robert Wilkinson & of Dorothy his wife, daughter of him the said Ranulph Newbie, for life & then to the use of the right heirs of the said John Wilkinson for ever, And as to the premises called "Broadmire Wood, Brodmire-medowes & le Browe" to his own use for life and then to the use of Robert Wilkinson & Dorothy his wife during the life of Dorothy only, for her better sustentation & the education of her children, & after her death & the education of the children to the use of Henry Wilkinson, second son of Robert & Dorothy & his heirs for ever. The premises in Bradleyfeild are held of the King as of his manor of Kendall called "Marques fee" by fealty & suit of court in common socage, worth yearly clear 10s; the premises in Kendall Parke are held of the King as of his manor of East Greenewich in free & common socage & not in chief nor by knight service, worth yearly clear 10s. He died 30 September last (1628) & Dorothy Wilkinson, wife of Robert Wilkinson, is his only daughter & heir, now aged 53 years; Chan. Inq. p.m., ser. ii, vol. 626, n. 38.
1629 Writ de melius inquirendo to the escheator, reciting that by inquest taken at Kendall, 13 February, 21 James I (1623–4) before Roger Otway, gent., after the death of John Hey of Kirkby Kendall, deceased, it was found that he died seised of 2 enclosures of land called "Tarne closes" in Kendall Parke, an enclosure called "Parke greene," an enclosure called "Hugill closes" in Kendall Parke, a messuage & tenement in Kendall Parke; & 11 burgages in Kirkby Kendall, held of the king's late father in socage & by fealty; and mandate to enquire whether the premises were held in chief by knight service or otherwise. Dated at Westminster, 12 May, 5 Charles I (1629).
Inquest taken at Kerkby Kendall, 28 August, 5 Charles I (1629) before John Cowper, esq., escheator, by the oath of Thomas Brigges, William Helme, William Hodgson, Christopher Phillipson, John Birkhead, William Potter, William Jeninges, Randal Blaymire, Henry Becke, Roger Arey, Thomas Dixon, Richard Speight, John Potter & Nicholas Cooke, who say that the 2 enclosures called "Tarne Closes," the enclosure called "Parkegreene," the enclosure called "Hugill Close," & the messuage or tenement in Kendall Parke & other the premises in Kendall Parke specified above were held at the time of John Haye's death of the late King James & now are held of the present King Charles, as of his manor of Eastgreenwich in free socage & by a yearly rent of £6 3s 6d in fee farm, as by letters patent granted to Ambrose, earl of Warwick, by queen Elizabeth dated in the 23rd year of her reign appears; And the 11 burgages or tenements in Kerkby Kendall were and are similarly held as of his manor called "Marquessfee," by fealty, rent & suit of court in free burgage, and not in chief by knight service; Chan. Inq. p.m., ser. ii, vol. 447, n. 42.
1629 Inquest taken at Kirbie Kendall, 20 October, 5 Charles I (1629) before John Cowper, esq., escheator, by the oath of Isaac Gilpin, Thomas Brigges, Christopher Phillipson, Christopher Bainbrigg gentlemen, Nicholas Cocke, Adam Shephearde yeomen, Thomas Wilson, William Hodgson, John Jackson, gentlemen, Anthony Todde, Miles Williamson, Thomas Maskewe, Henry Baiteman, John Harrison & Charles Johnson, yeomen, who say that Henry Ingerson of le Hey, gent., was seised at his death of 30 a. land, 16 a. pasture, and 6 a. meadow in Kendall Parke held of the King in fee farm as of his manor of Easte Greenewich in free socage by fealty & a free rent of 57s 9d yearly, worth yearly clear 30s. He died 23 September, 5 Charles I (1629) & Richard Ingerson is his son & next heir, now aged 25 years; Chan. Inq. p.m., ser. ii, vol. 713, n. 191.
1638 Inquest taken at Kirby Kendall, 21 March 13 Charles I (1638) before William Briscoe, escheator. The jurors say that Henry Kitchin long before his death was seised of 20 burgages or tenements in Kirby Kendall in the occupation of divers tenants according to the custom anciently used within the town or borough of Kirby Kendall; of a close or enclosure called "Storeymyer," containing 5 a. land, meadow & pasture at a place called "Sparrowe myer" in Stricklandkettle; & of another close or inclosure of land, meadow & pasture called "Colstonbancke, otherwise Tenterbancke," containing 4 a. in Stricklandkettle, near the close called "Storeymyer." So seised by indenture dated 15 June, 1 Charles I (1625), in consideration of a marriage to be had between himself & Margaret Dickinson widow, which marriage was afterwards celebrated, he granted, enfeoffed & confirmed to Richard Beck, James Kitchin & Anthony Bethome all the aforesaid burgages & tenements in Kirby Kendall, to hold the same immediately after the marraige to the use of the said Henry & Margaret in survivorship in name of Margaret's jointure. So seised of the 2 closes called Storeymyer & Colstonbancke he, by his will in writing dated 9 September, 1637, bequeathed the same to Mary Kitchin for her life, & after her death he bequeathed the said 2 closes together with all the messuages, lands & tenements in Kirby Kendall after the death of his wife Margaret to John Beck, son of John Beck, deceased, & Thomazine his wife, daughter of the said Henry Kitchin, & the heirs of the said John Becke, younger. The messuages &c in Kirby Kendall are held of the King & of James Bellingham, knight, as of his manor of Kendall by fealty & a free rent of 2s 10d yearly at Michaelmas in common socage & not in chief, worth yearly clear 20s. The 2 closes in Stricklandkettle are held of the King as of his said manor of Kendall, called "Marques Fee," by fealty & a free rent of 4d yearly at Michaelmas in common socage & not in chief, worth yearly clear 20s. Henry Kitchin died 16 September last (1637) & John Becke, younger, son of Thomazine, one of the daughters of the said Henry, & Mary Kitchin, the other of his daughters, are his nearest coheirs. And John Becke, younger, is now aged 7 years, 8 months and 1 day, and Mary Kitchin is now aged 40 years & upwards. Margaret late the wife of the said Henry Kitchin, deceased, is still living in pure widowhood at Kendall, & by virtue of the Indenture is seised of all the premises in Kirby Kendall for her life, remainder therein expectant to John Becke, younger, according to the effect of the will; Court of Wards, Inq.; vol. 91, n. 92.
1640 Inquest taken at Kirkbykendall, 18 March, 15 Charles I (1640) before Christopher Phillipson, esquire, Robert Curwen, gentleman, the king's feodary for co. Westmorland, George Warde, gentleman, & William Knipe, gentleman, the king's commissioners. The jurors say that: Arthur Wilson, gentleman, long before his death was seised of a capital messuage & tenement called "Spettle," parcel of the late dissolved hospital of St Leonard by the town of Kirkbykendall, & of divers lands, meadows, pastures, commons, hereditaments &c. thereto adjoining & belonging, containing 2 parts, in 3 parts to be divided, of all the lands & hereditaments called "le Spittle" at Spittle aforesaid; & of 2 parts of a fulling mill in the parish of Kirkbie Kendall; & of 17 messuages & tenements in Windermer, now in the several tenures of divers tenants thereof according to the custom there used; & of 3 messuages & tenements in Whinfell with divers lands, meadows, feedings, pastures, commons &c. to the said messuages or tenements adjoining or belonging, now in the several tenures or occupations of Thomas Williamson, Edward Helme & Anne Peirsone, customary tenants there; & of 4 messuages & burgages & 5 a. land, meadow & pasture & a rent charge of 6s 8d issuing from a messuage or burgage & a garden late in the tenure of Edward Wilson, deceased, in Kirkbiekendall, in the several tenures of divers tenants thereof according to the custom anciently used & approved within the town or borough of Kirkbykendall, which said burgages & tenements last specified were formally the inheritance of Gilbert Wilson, late of Spittle, deceased; & of 9 messuages & burgages with divers lands, meadows, feedings, pastures, commons &c in Kirkbiekendall, now in the several tenures of divers tenants thereof according to the custom there used & approved, which last specified burgages & tenements were lately the inheritance of Margaret Beethome, deceased; & of 2 a. land, meadow & pasture in "le Mintsfeete" by the town of Kirkbykendall, in the several tenures of Anthony Dennison & John Fell according to the custom there. So seised Arthur Wilson by his indenture tripartite dated 10 August, 20 James I (1622), in consideration of a marriage to be solemnized between John Wilson, then son & heir apparent of the said Arthur Wilson, and Isabella Piersone, daughter of Thomas Pierson of Sheaton, co. Cumberland, & in consideration of £200 to be paid to the said Arthur Wilson, granted to Rowland Benson, Thomas Fletcher, Henry Pierson & John Pierson & their heirs the capital messuage called "le Spittle" & all the said lands &c thereto belonging & 2 parts of the fulling mill; also the premises in Windermer, Whinfell, Kirkbiekendall and Mintsfeete, to hold to the uses declared in the Indenture namely: the capital messuage called "le Spittle" & premises thereto belonging to the use of the said Arthur Wilson until the marriage & then to the use of the said John Wilson, his son & heir apparent & his heirs, & for default of issue of the body of the said John then after the said John's death to the use of the aforesaid Arthur Wilson & his right heirs for ever; and afterwards the said marriage was solemnized; & to hold the messuages & other premises in Windermer & in the parish of Windermer, the burgages &c in the several vills & places of Kirkbykendall, Mintfeete & Whinfell, within the parish of Kirkbykendall, amongst other things, to the use of the said Arthur Wilson for his life & after his death to the use of the said John Wilson & his heirs for ever. The capital messuage called "le Spittle" & lands &c thereto belonging & 2 parts of the fulling mill by Kirkbykendall are held of the king in chief by the 60th part of 1 knight's fee & by the payment of a free rent of 6s 2½d at Michaelmas only for all services, worth yearly clear £3 12. 0; the messuages, land &c in Windermer & Whinfell are held of the king as of his manor of Kendall by fealty & a yearly rent of 1d in free & common socage, worth yearly clear 13s 4d; the 4 burgages in Kirbiekendall, late in the tenure of Gilbert Wilson, deceased, are held of the king & of James Bellinghame, knight, as of their barony of Kendall in free socage, namely: 3 parts thereof, in 4 parts divided, of the king & the remaining fourth part of James Bellingham, knight, by fealty & suit of the court of their manor of Kirkbykendall twice a year & a free rent of 6d at Martinmas & Pentecost by equal portions, worth yearly clear 6s 8d; the burgages &c in Kirkbykendall, late in tenure of Margaret Beethome, deceased, are held of the said James Bellingham, knight, as of his purparty of the barony of Kendall by fealty, suit of court of his manor of Kirkbykendall now called "le Lumley Fee" twice a year & a free rent of 1½d in free socage, worth yearly clear 6s 8d; And the lands in Mintfeete by Kirkbykendall are held of the king as of his manor or barony of Kirkbiekendall aforesaid in free socage, worth yearly clear 6s 8d. Arthur Wilson died 9 February, 14 Charles I (1639) & John Wilson is his son & next heir, now aged 40 years; Court of Wards, Inq., vol. 94, n. 203.
1643 Will of Edward Jennings of Markett place in Kirkbie Kendall, tanner, dated 1 March, 1642[-3]. To wife Dorothie his house in the Market place, yearly rent £3 and his house in Finkelstreete, yearly rent 7s. for her life, then to his daughter in law Dorothy wife of James Sutton, charged with £10, viz. to Helen Wright her sister, wife of William Wright of Millthropp, 40s.; to Richard Wright her son, 40s.; Thomas Wright her son, 40s.; Oliver Wright her son, 40s.; Ellen Wright her daughter, 40s. A close of ground in the Kirkefeild, by estimation 3 acres, yearly rent 6s. and a barn on the Fellside with a rood of ground and a barkhouse at Kentside to Elizabeth Kilner second daughter of John Kilner, after the widowhood of testator's wife Dorothy, charged with £10 to Agnes Killner and Margaret Killner her sister. To Margaret Killner his house in Kirkland after the widowhood of Dorothy his wife. To every godchild 10s. charge on his land of Kirkfeild of £30 to be repaid to Mr. James Jackson and John Benson. Some other small legacies. Exors: Dorothy his wife and Elizabeth Killner, second daughter of John Killner, whom he makes residuary legatees. Supervisors: Mr. William Banck, Mr. Lawrence Park, John Killner and Richard Castley. Orig. possessed by W. Farrer.
1643 August 9. Henry Bellingham of Levens, knt. and baronet, agrees with Richard Washington of Kirkby Kendall, mercer, to pass to him the tenant right of the burgage-house in Market street in Kendal commonly called "The Bull," according to the custom of tenant right used in Kendal, excepting only 3 shops, parcel of the said house, which anciently have been rented severally and are now in the possession of William Kendall, Robert Burton and John Harrison of Patterdall, subject to the rent of 51s. 4d. Richard Washington is to repair the houses and to be excused two years' rent. The bailiff of Skelsmerge shall be directed to deliver to him four trees at the sight and setting out of George Lickbarrow.
At a later date Percival Wood, son and heir of John Wood, at the assizes at Appleby, recovered possession of this house from which, at his father's death, he, being one year old, had been ejected on the grounds of the want of repair of the buildings; Orig. at Levens.
|George Buchanan, late of Kirkby|
|Thomas Bigg, late of Heversham|
|Henry Wilson, late of Grasmere.|
Roger Bradley of Cunswick, in arms in Kendal, and went to Sir Henry Bellingham's rendezvous at Tarneybank, near Kendal, and seized horses for the service; he was one of the commissioners for Kendal Barony.
Miles Langmire of Windermere, George Harrison, John Bell, Thomas Braithwaite and Thomas Salkeld in arms after Sir Marmaduke Langdale had been in Westmorland and was gone into Cumberland, and when Col. Briggs' forces besieged the island on Windermere, then shelter for the army.
Allan Bellingham was with his brother, Sir Henry, in Durham, said they would bring 3,000 or 4,000 horse and as many foot to Durham, where he lived, and being at Garthorne, invited several Scotch officers to feast. In 1646 he went with Col. Charter to Appleby.
Rydal manor and fishing, Meller Brigg House and a house in Kendal parish, forfeited by William Fleming and bought from the Treason Trustees by Isaac Morgan, were discharged from sequestration on 22 November, 1654; ib., pt. v, 3286.
The County Committee for Westmorland to the Committee for Compounding (2 Nov. 1650). There is some timber in the park of Kendal, sequestered from the Earl of Worcester . . . . but it is best to fell it in the spring-time when the bark may be useful. We have kept several courts, in particular one of the Earl of Derby's in Betham manor; there will be a general fine, besides particular fines on admitting new tenants. They usually paid 9 years' rent for a fine to their lord, but 8 years' rent would be reasonable, as the landlords have been great oppressors of their tenants; ib., pt. i, 348.
Agnes Garnet, widow, P., (fn. 2) Skelsmergh
Anthony Garnet of Kendal in 1653 begs to compound for his estate at one third; before 1642 he granted a jointure to his wife Susan after his death and conveyed lands in trust for his sons, Bryan and Thomas; ib., 3090.
John Saul of Kendal complains in 1654 that the County Commissioners have sequestered two-thirds of a small tenement in Stainton, in pretence that he was a recusant, though never convicted, because he married a recusant. Has taken the oath of Abjuration, has many small children; the two thirds only lets for £5 6s. 8d. a year. In 1658 he was discharged, having taken the oath and produced a certificate of his attendance at church; ib., 3224.
Robert Crossfield of Strickland Roger submitted 6 October 1644. petitions to compound. In August 1652 he being dead, his son, Thomas Crossfield, minister of Spennithorne, co. York, begs to pay the fine of £72 and have the estate discharged. Discharged 6 Sept., 1652; ib., 1658.
Sir Henry Bellingham of Helsington and Levens, bart., in 1646 compounds for delinquency. Being a member of the house of Commons he went to Oxford and sat in the Assembly. His fine was fixed 23 Feb., 1647, at £3228, being one third value of his estates; to be abated if he prove that he has only a life-interest in £300 a year. There is a long account of the compositions made by Sir James Bellingham, Allan Bellingham, £1,172; Lady Katherine Bellingham, widow of Sir James, £721; Agnes Wentworth, daughter of Sir Henry, £175; John and Elizabeth Lowther; ib., 1136–38.
Thomas Wilson of Heversham Hall, or Underley, was sequestered for accepting a commission as captain of the trained bands in Westmorland, under Sir Philip Musgrave, when under the enemy's power from July, 1643, to February, 1645. In 1646 he paid a fine of £229; ib., 1123.
Henry Wilson of Underley went into a garrison of the enemy's where he remained 6 days. It was besieged before he could come out. In 1646 he paid a fine of £200 at one-tenth of his estate. He owned the tithes of Farleton; ib., 1221.
John Phillipson of Hollinghow and Calgarth in 1650 compounded at one-third, namely £134 for Hollinghow. Lands there were forfeited by him and bought from the Treason Trustees by Thomas Latimer of London; ib., 2678.
Randall Washington of Grayrigg obtained in 1652 the discharge from sequestration of a tenement in Grayrigg, provided that twothirds of it was sequestered only for his mother's recusancy, she being dead; ib., 2980.
On the sale of estates forfeited by the earl of Derby, Betham Hall was purchased in 1646 by William Claxton, Betham manor by Capt. Blunt Sadler and Witherslack manor by Christopher Crosfield, Arneshead Tower, lands and mills by James Wainwright; ib., 1116.
Lands in Killington were sequestered because Lucy Kitson and Thomas Kitson her husband (dead since 1651), were recusants. She is now the wife of Robert Westby and in 1651 granted the use of a farm in Killington, rent £10, to Nicholas, Roger, Charles and William, infant children of John Leyburn, of Witherslack; ib., 3211, 3292.
Lands and houses in Whinfell and Patton were conveyed to George Rogers and Robert Stirling by John son and heir of Thomas Ayrey, to sell for payment of debts; two-thirds of the property was sequestered for the recusancy of Thomas Ayrey, who is dead; 1655. Ib., 3233.
Lands in Whitwell and Selside were purchased by William Thwaites of Long Marston, co. York, from John, heir to Thomas Thwaites, who died in 1650, his estate being sequestered for recusancy; 1654. Ib., 2995.
Christopher Philipson of Calgarth and Katherine Gilpin, widow of George Gilpin of Kentmere Hall, petition in 1651 for allowance of their claim to £40 a year issuing out of Kentmere Hall, settled in consideration of a marriage and £400 paid with Katherine by George Gilpin on Philipson and his heirs, in trust for Katherine. The sequestration of the estate was for the delinquency of Christopher Gilpin to whom the premises have descended by his brother, George Gilpin's death. This was allowed on 22 July, 1652; ib., 2882.
1650 Gervase Benson, Roger Bateman and John Archer, County Commissioners for Westmorland, write the Committee for Compounding on 14 October, 1650, showing that the arrears of the profits of sequestration and the fines and compositions set on new delinquents were insufficient to discharge the engagements in paying the forces raised in that county in the late war and other public engagements. They had to borrow money towards £4,000 ordered to be paid to the Lancashire forces, to ease this county of the burden of free quarter. They ask for directions touching the estate at Rydal, sequestered from Wm. Fleming, for which £2,000 was offered for one year, though at the utmost value it was never reputed worth more than £120; but it being in contest, this was done to gain possession. The estate lies waste, so that the profits thereof this year will scarce amount to £50. An estate in Kentmere, sequestered from Christopher Gilpin, has also been much impaired for want of direction. We being also Militia Commissioners have not been able to sit until last Thursday, but having put the forces in a posture, and they being now upon their march, we shall fall close to this business and sit at Kendal on Wednesday week, and thence weekly until we have got the business thoroughly in hand; ib., 332.