Records Relating To the Barony of Kendale: Volume 2. Originally published by Titus Wilson and Son, Kendal, 1924.
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Nothing is known of the family of Beetham before Ralph de Beethom, who lived in the reign of Richard 1 and John. In the time of Edward II the arms of Sir Thomas de Bethom ("Bezom") were described as "Mascle dargent e de sable. "In 1405 the seal of Sir John de Bethom bore (argent) a chief indented (azure), over all a bendlet (gules). These arms are also assigned in an old Lancashire roll of arms in the writer's possession to Sir Roger de Bethum (1472–79). This coat appears to be that of the family of Burton with a bendlet charged upon it as a mark of Cadency. The earlier coat is similar to that borne by Fitzwilliam with a change of tincture, namely gules for sable. It is noteworthy that Ralph de Bethum, the first, attests no charters of an earlier date than circa 1195. This seems to suggest that he had acquired the manor of Beetham by marriage with his wife Ingerith, or by feoffment not much earlier than the reign of Richard I. Was he a stranger to the Kendale district and had he been enfeoffed by Ranulf de Glanvill, whose connexion with certain lands in Kendale receives some notice in the introductory remarks on the parish of Burton in Kendale?
It is just possible that prior to the reign of Richard I, the manor was in the possession of the parson of Beetham by inheritance, and that the heiress of this last of a line of hereditary parsons carried it in marriage to Ralph de Bethum. In 1175 one Adam de Kendale had licence to make an agreement with Roger de Haverbreck. Adam was probably a local landowner of some importance and he might be the individual for whom we seek.
The manor of Beetham was owned by nine generations of the Bethoms and in the tenth generation was carried in marriage by Agnes, daughter and heir of Sir Roger de Bethom, to Robert Middleton, son and heir of Geoffrey (youngest son of John Middleton of Middleton in Lonsdale), by his wife, Alison, daughter and coheir of James Croft of Dalton and Leighton. Arising out of a settlement of the Beetham estates made in the reign of Edward IV, the attainder of Richard de Bethom after the battle of Bosworth, and the grant of part of his estates to the earl of Derby, there was a dispute touching the manor of Beetham between Thomas Middleton, son and heir of Robert, and the earl which was not arranged until 1506 (fn. 1). From that time the manor remained in the possession of Thomas Middleton until his death on 12 June, 1517. From Whitsuntide, 1525 for one whole year until the following Whitsuntide the manor was in the hands of the crown, as shewn by the accounts of Richard Orrell, the crown receiver. A letter from Edward Stanley, lord Monteagle to Dr. Vesey, dean of the king's chapel, dated 25 January, 1519, may bear upon this matter. The writer states that "the king wrote to Sir Roger Bellingham and me that we should call before us Jeofrey Mydylton and Davy Best, the bearer, to settle the matters mentioned in a bill of complaint inclosed in the king's letter . . . . As Jeofrey would not abide our order, we have bound him in £100 to appear before you and the Council on the day after the Purification of Our Lady." Manchester. (fn. 2) The sequence is undiscovered, but in 1574 the earl of Derby held his lands in Bethome for 53s. 4d. free rent of the queen. From that time, save for a temporary forfeiture in the time of the Civil War, the manor continued in the posterity of the earl of Derby. It was advertised for sale in December, 1813, (fn. 3) and was subsequently purchased by Daniel Wilson of Dallam Tower, esq., and was conveyed to him in the year 1815.
The mesne manor of Cappleside was not known by name until the time of Henry VIII. It does not appear to have been the same subinfeudation in the manor of Beetham as that described in 1255 among the free tenants of the manor, namely: Henry de Bethum holds Midhopp, the fishery of Esbricpolle and Crakintorp with two mills for the yearly service of 2s. The descent of that free tenement is described under Meathop and Ulpha. The earliest reference to the manor of Cappleside occurs in 1523, when Edward Middleton of that place died possessed of the manor of "Capilsyd," which he held as of the manor of Beetham for 12d. yearly rent. It passed by descent to his son Oliver, aged 10 at that date. It was probably acquired by Richard Bouskel before the reign of Elizabeth, whose second son, Robert, died in 1610, possessed of the manor, his heir being his son Thomas, then aged 13. On the Cappleside pew in Beetham church are or used to be his initials with those of his wife Magdalen and the date 1624. He died in possession of the manor early in 1630, his widow, who was then residing at Cappleside, surviving him. Robert his son and heir was aged eight years. In 1648 Nicholas Orbell of Cappleside paid a fine for his estate at four years purchase, namely £68. He had been drawn in the summer of 1648 to take upon him the command of a foot company as captain under Sir Henry Bellingham, a colonel in General Langdale's army, but he deserted before the surrender of Appleby. (fn. 4) Some years later the manor apears to have been acquired by Sir Thomas Preston of the Manor, by whom it was doubtless settled upon his daughter Anne upon her marriage in or before 1685 to Hugh, baron Clifford of Chudleigh, whose grandson sold to the customary tenants of the manor the freehold and royalties of their respective tenements in Farleton, Cappleside and High Meathop. Holme Island, which was parcel of the manor, was similarly sold in 1782 for the sum of £729 to Mr. Thomas Sill.
1189 Grant by Richard I to Gilbert son of Roger Fitz-Reinfrid of one carucate of land in Levens with the fishery, three carucates in Farleton and Beetham, four carucates in Preston Patrick and Holme, two carucates in Burton, one carucate in Hincaster, one carucate in Preston Richard, three carucates in Lupton and one fishery belonging to the same lands, to hold by the service of one knight; Red Bk. of the Exchequer(Rolls Ser.), 444; Farrer, Lancs. Pipe Rolls, p. 400.
1190–99 Orm son of Thore, with the consent of Ralph, his son and heir, grants to the monks of Furness land and meadow (called) Rigrinmelsuthen (or Rygrumelsuthen), lying from the bounds of Holme to Ullrefurthebec, and as Ullrefurthebec falls into Betha and by Betha to Fulsyk; Coucher of Furness (Chetham Soc.), ii, 147.
1190–1215 An agreement made between the church of Bethum and A[dam], parson of the same church, and R[alph] de Bethum and his heirs, namely that A[dam] has granted to R[alph] and his heirs the chapel of Arnolveshevet, so that R[alph] shall find a suitable chaplain to minister therein and shall procure the necessaries for him at his own expense; R[alph] and his heirs shall pay tithes in everything to the mother church, chiefly from mills and salterns, from which, if they shall let them to farm, they shall pay in money a tenth penny to the mother church. For this the same R[alph] and his heirs, and his wife and household shall visit the mother church with parochial right at the six yearly feasts, namely Christmas, the Purification, the Adoration of the Cross, Easter, Whitsunday and the Assumption of St. Mary. R[alph] has granted in free alms to the same church and parson 16 continuous acres of land in Ulphangrig and a competent area for founding a barn (or granary) in Arnolveshevet, in which the tithes of corn may be placed. And in order that this agreement may be strictly observed R[alph], his wife, and their heirs have sworn upon the holy Evangelists that they will faithfully keep it. Witnesses: Gilbert de Lancastre, Thomas son of Gospatric, Henry de Redeman, Gervase de Danecurt (sic), R[oger] de Haversham, Adam Gernet; Dodsworth's MS. 149, f. 148.
1190–1215 Ralph de Bethum grants to the monks of Furness, for the health of the soul of Ingrit his wife, a saltcote with two pans (patella) in the vill of Bethum in Ellerschawe below Flukesti with turves for the same pans, and sand, and material of his wood to construct the saltcote; also common of the vill for six oxen, four cows, two horses, like his free tenants have, except in Arnoslfesheved. Witnesses: Henry de Redmane, Alan de Penington; Coucher of Furness (Chetham Soc.), ii, 91.
1200–15 Gilbert Fitz-Reinfred and Helewise his wife confirmed to the monks of St. Mary's, York, inter alia the churches of Biethum, Eversheim and Kirkeby in Kendale with their chapels. Among the witnesses were Richard de Marisco (chancellor of king John), Adam, parson of Biethum, Roger parson of Heversheim, Nicholas parson of Kendale, John parson of [Kirkeby in] Lonesdale; Brit. Mus., Add. Chart., 17153.
1207 Plea in the king's court at Westminster between the prior of Cartmell and Ralph de Bethum because Ralph obstructed the prior in the enjoyment of his fishery in Caint. Curia Regis Roll, 44, m. 2; 45, m. 2d. and m. 7d.; Abbrev. Placit, 57b.
1207 Michaelmas term. The prior of Kermel complains that Ralph de Bethum does not permit him to have common of fishing in the water of Kaen as he was wont to have and ought to have by the charter of Henry, the king's father, who gave the land of Kermel to William Marshal, who gave that land to the canons of Kermel with the said common. Ralph comes and says that the canons ought not to have common in that water. The prior prays for a jury to be made whether King Henry was seised of common of that fishery when he gave that land to William Marshal, and if the canons were afterwards seised of that common. The jury to come on the octaves of Martinmas; Curia Regis Roll, 45, m. 2d. The jury was to be summoned from cos. Westmeriland and Lancastre; ib. m. 7d.
1208 Fine made between William prior of Cartmell, plaintiff, and Ralph de Buethum, deforciant, respecting common fishing in the water of Kent. Ralph acknowledged the common of fishing of the water of Kent to be the right of the prior and church of St. Michael of Cartmell upon this wise: that when the water of Kent lies between Ralph's land of Swinesnese (fn. 5) and Hevesholme (or Henesholme) (fn. 6) the fishing from opposite Swinesnese, by the head below Hevesholme, when the water lies upon the sand so that men can pass between land and water on either side, shall be common throughout and for all, both to the prior and his successors and to Ralph and his heirs, down to the sea. When however the water of Kent shall lie close to Ralph's land of Arnulvesheved or Hevesholme on either (quacumque) side of Hevesholme or to the crags thereof and there shall be pools (wellæ) there lying close to the land and to the crags, these pools shall be solely, freely and quietly to Ralph and his heirs, and all the remainder of the water shall be common, from the said Swinesnese by the head below Hevesholme down to the sea. And when the water of Kent shall lie between the land of Cartmell and Hevesholme the fishery shall be common from opposite Breidegate, (fn. 7) by the head below Hevesholme, both to Ralph and his heirs and to the prior and his successors, unless the water shall lie hard (firmiter) to the land of Cartmell and there shall be pools there; then in that case those pools shall be solely, freely and quietly to the prior and his successors. For this acknowledgment the prior gave Ralph five marks; Lancs. Feet of Fines (Rec. Soc.) xxxix, 39. Fine endorsed "Lancastre, Westmeriland."
1208–9 Roger abbot of Cockersand and the convent are bound to find two canonical priests to celebrate divine service in the church of St. Mary, Cockersand, for the souls of Ralph de Bethum and Ingrith his wife, and two beds in the farmery of the poor with clothes always prepared. Witnesses: Thomas de Bethum, Ralph and Robert his sons, Roger de Bethum, Henry and John his sons, Robert de Bethum and others (named); Chartul. of Cockersand, 1013.
1212 Thomas de Bethum held lands in co. Lancaster in marriage with the daughter (and coheir) of Richard son of Roger, thegn of Woodplumpton; Bk. of Fees, 210; Lancs. Inq. xlviii, 22. In 1243 Thomas de Bethum held the same lands, ib. 149.
1226 Quindene of Easter. Thomas de Bethum was summoned to answer Adam de Yeland and Matthew de Redman by what right he claims common of pasture in their land in Yeland, seeing that they have no common [in his land] nor do service to him. Thomas says that he claims no common in the manor of Yelande with them unless they wish to have common with him, unless by chance they wish to draw to themselves the wood and lands of the manor of Bethum, wherefore of this he does not wish in this writ to reply. Thomas goes sine die, Cur. Reg. R., 95, m. 2d.
1249–55 Sir Ralph, son of Thomas de Bethum, for the health of the soul of Felicia his wife, gave to the canons of Cockersand 3s. yearly from his chamber at Michaelmas; Chartul of Cockersand (Chetham Soc.), 1012.
1251 Pardon for John de He[sel]slac of outlawry for the death of Roger de Heverseym, killed by misadventure; Cal. Pat. R., 1251, p. 97. The sheriff of Westmorland was directed to permit John de Heslac (sic) to stand in peace in his bailiwick; he had made fine by John de Bethum by 20 marks for having the king's peace and had found sureties for payment, namely, Ralph de Bethum, John de Bigginges, John de Hencastre and Adam de Helling. Close R., 454.
1255 Ralph de Bethum died on Sunday before St. Gregory, 1254, seised of lands in co. Lancaster, and in Bethum in demesne 89 a. land, worth 29s. 8d.; 7 a. meadow, worth 3d. 6d., 11¾ bovates with service worth 33s. 10¾d.; the cottars and small tenants render 6s. 2d.; the hall of Beethum and the houses within the court are worth 5s. yearly, the garden 10s., the demesne pastures 28s.; two mills yield 42s.; the demesne fishery 20s.; the eel fishery 12d.; in Quasheved 3¾ bovates and 1 a. yield 22s. 8½d.; in Arnholvisheved there were 33 a. in demesne, worth 11s,. honey of the wood of Arnolheved and Bethum 2s. Free tenants: Henry de Bethum holds Midhopp, the fishery of Esbricpolle and Crakintorp with two mills for 2s.; Eleanor daughter of Thomas holds Farleton for 2 marks; Joan her sister holds Hesleslac for 1d.; Robert de Flucstey holds ½ bovate and 7 a. for 10d.; Nicholas de Bethume holds 70 a. land for 6d. and I lb of cummin or 1d.; sum 30s. 1d. Sum total of the manor £15 8s. 6d. The manor renders Walter de Lindesay 48s. 8d. The heir is aged 7½ years, her marriage is worth £30 in cos. Lancaster and Westmorland; she is unmarried and is sick of the worm disease which gnaws her; Lancs. Inq. (Rec. Soc.), xlviii, 193–9.
Henry de Bethum (fn. 8) is amerced one mark for an unjust detention and Ralph de Bethum ½ mark for wrongful obstruction; Parker, Pipe R. of Westm., 207.
1284 The justices at Lancaster grant that Roger de Slene may pursue for Hilaria daughter of Roger de Burton against Thomas son of Robert de Bethum and others; Lancs. Assize R. (Rec. Soc.) xlix, 182, 184, 208.
?1284–1307 William de Kendale, son of John, parson of Bethum, releases to the canons of St. Agatha's at Easby all his right in certain lands in the valley of Garsdale, for the endowment of the chapel of Garsdale. Egerton MS.; Whitaker, Hist. Richmondshire, ii, 480.
1290 Grant by John de Mithop to Isolda, late the wife of William de Croft, of a messuage, 1 a. land and a fulling-mill in Crakangthorp in the vill of Bethom on the water of Betha for a term of 21 years. Witnesses: Thomas Travers, Nigel de Cayrous. Dated 18 Edward I; Dodsworth's MS., 149, f. 146.
1295 Thomas de Bethum complained against Robert de Leyburn and Iseult his wife of a plea of waste made of houses, woods and gardens which they had in their custody of the inheritance of the said Thomas in Bethum; De Banco R.110, Mich 23–4 Edward I, m. 74d., 111, m. 108d.; 113, m. 42.
1298 Robert de Leyburn and Iseult his wife complained against Thomas de Bethum, Robert de Tybay, Robert le Carpenter and others of a plea that whereas the custody of the land and heir of Robert de Bethum belongs to them because the same Robert held his lands of them by knight's service and the said Robert and Iseult were in peaceful seisin of the said custody until the said Thomas and Robert etc. violently ejected them from the same; De Banco R. 122, Hil. 26 Edward I, m. 115.
1303 Release by Richard son of Adam de Hoghton to Thomas son of Robert de Bethom and his heirs of all right in the lands of the said Thomas in the vill of Bothill in West Derby, Witness: Thomas Travers, sheriff of Lancaster. Dated 31 Edward I; Dodsworth's MS. 149, f. 142b.
1307–27 Sir Robert de Bethum, knt., had issue by Matilda his wife Thomas de Bethum, who married Petronilla daughter of Sir Roger de Burton, knt., son of Sir Roger de Burton. Petronilla's heir, in 3 Richard II, succeeded to one moiety of the Burton estates as coheir of Anthony de Burton of Burton in Kendal; of. Hutton, The Beetham Repository, 155; Harl. MS. 2117, f. 320. See Burton in Kendale.
1310 Grant to Thomas de Bethum, for good service rendered in Scotland, of free warren in his demesne lands in Bethum, a weekly market on Wednesday at the said manor and a yearly fair on the eve, the feast and the morrow of the Nativity of St. John the Baptist; Cal. of Chart. R., iii, 167.
1332 Grant by Iseult de Croft to John de Croft, her son, for his life of the land and fulling-mill in Bethom (granted to her in 1290) with the fishery in the water of Betha. Dated 8 Edward III; Dodsworth's MS. 149, f. 146.
1334 Raufe de Bethum and Alice his wife appoint Thomas de Astenthwaite their attorney to receive seisin of all the land of Stodfald which belonged to John son of Alayn de Horton. Given at Bethum, 8 Edard III. Seal of Ralph de Bethum; Dodsworth's MS. 149, f. 148b.
1338 Annora, late the wife of John de Lancastre (of Rydal), held at her death a messuage and land in Bethum (with the manor of Witherslack) by the grant of John de Cauncefeld, with remainder to Roger de Lancaster, who died 10 years ago, and to Michael, son of Robert de Haveryngton, who died nine years ago, and his heirs. John de Haveryngton, knt., aged 41, brother of the said Michael, is his next heir, to whom belongs the reversion of the said messuage; Cal. Inq. viii, 106.
1338 Annora late the wife of John de Lancastre held at her death a messuage 2 a. land, 4 a. meadow, 150 a. pasture and 10 a. wood in Bethum. See Witherslack; Cal. Inq. viii, 106; Cal. Close R. 1338, p. 584.
1340 Thomas de Bethum (fn. 9) is admitted one of the guardians of William de Coucy, a minor going beyond seas in the king's service; Cal. Pat. R. 1340, p. 531.
1342 William de Coucy and William Fowler were summoned to answer to John de Haveryngton, younger, knt., of a plea wherefor they took the said John's cattle, namely six oxen and four cows, and unjustly detained them in Bethum, in a place called Kirkebrek. William de Coucy says that one Ralph de Bethum holds of him the manor of Bethum by homage and fealty and by certain services which are in arrears. The said John says that he and Katherine his wife in the right of the said Katherine hold 24 messuages, a mill etc. in the said manor of Bethum. (fn. 10) William says that Thomas de Bethum greatgreat-grandfather (triavus, sic) of the said Ralph was seised of the manor of Bethum, which he held of Walter de Lyndeseye, and the said Thomas granted the tenement which John and Katherine hold to Hawise his daughter, from whom the right descended to Thomas son and heir of Hawise and from the said Thomas to Adam Banastre, father of the said Katherine; De Banco R., 329, Hil. 16 Edward III, m. 37d.
1344 Precipimus of King Edward III to the sheriff of Westmorland to cause 12 men to come before the justices at Westminster, at three weeks after Easter, to determine on their oath whether Thomas de Bethum, great-great-grandfather (triavus) of Ralph de Bethum, whose heir he is, holding the manor of Bethum, gave to Hawise his daughter, in the time of King Henry, the king's great-grandfather, 11 messuages and six carucates of land, a mill etc. in Bethum, to hold to her and her heirs of the said Thomas by cornage, which said tenements William de Coucy and John de Haverington, knight, the younger, claim. Given at Westminster, 18 Edward III [marginal] note: "The suyte was betwixt William de Coucy and John de Haverington, junior, knight"; Dodsworth's MS. 149, f. 144.
1348 Ralph de Bethum, chivaler, and Richard son of Henry de Caplesheved, Ralph's sergeant, complain that whereas they took at the battle of Durham a prisoner of Scotland called John Styward of Nidisdale and would have brought him to London in accordance with the king's proclamation, Thomas de Roos of Kendale, Robert his brother, Robert Dykemansone of Caplesheved, Adam de la Chaumbre, John Coke, Robert de Syggeswyk, Patrick "Johanes servant de Whassyngton" and others took the prisoner out of their custody at Haverbrek in Kendale and brought him to Scotland for a ransom of £500; Cal. Pat. R., 1348, pp. 60, 312; Cal. Close R., 1349, p. 62.
1349 John de Doresflet held at his death a messuage and 24 a. land at Aykbank in Bethum, to him and the heirs of his body with reversion to the right heirs of Roger de Croft, whose heir is John de Croft, of Ralph de Bethum by fealty and the service of a root of ginger yearly. He died without heir of his body on Thursday in the first week of Lent, 1349 (or Thursday after the Purification); Cal. Inq., ix, 298.
1360 It is certified by inquest that the manor of Bethum was held by knight's service of Christiana de Gynes and of her ancestors, lords of the moiety of the manor of Kirkeby in Kendale time out of mind and at the time of the death of Thomas, father of Ralph, of the same Christiana then living, that Ralph entered after his father's death and did homage and other services due to Christiana in her life time and not after her death when the said moiety was in the king's hand, and that the said manor is now held of John de Coupland and Joan his wife, as of the said moiety to them granted for their lives. An earlier inquest had falsely found that King Henry III had given in fee to the ancestor of Ralph de Bethum three carucates of land in Bethum with a fishery in the water of Kent there, called the manor or Bethum. The escheator is ordered to remove the king's hand (fn. 11) and not to intermeddle with the manor which is Ralph de Bethum's; Cal. Close R., 1360, p. 78.
1360 Order for the restoration to Ralph de Bethum, knt., of the manor of Bethum, delivering the issues to Thomas (sic). The escheator had seized the manor, alleging that he found by inquest that Henry III gave in fee to Ralph's ancestor three carucates of land in Bethum with a fishery in the water of Kent, called the manor of Bethum; that Ralph entered the same after the death of Thomas his father without process.
Ralph de Bethome holds the manor of Bethome of John de Coupeland and Joan his wife by knight's service as of a moiety of the manor of Kirkeby in Kendale, worth £20; Chan. Inq. p.m., 34 Edward III, 2nd nos., n. 22; Rawlinson MS. B., 438.
1361 Order for delivery to John, earl of Richmond, and Blanche his wife, one of the daughters and heirs of Henry, duke of Lancaster, inter alia the 4th part of a knight's fee in Kelgrymeshargh and Brynyng held by Ralph de Bethum, the 4th part of a knight's fee in the same places held by Thomas de Bethum; Cal. Close R., 1361, p. 202.
Ralph de Bethome, chivaler, held of Joan, late the wife of John de Coupelande, deceased, the manor of Bethome by homage and fealty and the service of 32s. yearly, as of her manor of Kirkeby in Kendale; Chan. Inq. p.m., 49 Edward III, 1st nos., n. 29.
1380 James de Pykeryng, knt., complained against John de Bethum and Henry de Bethum in a plea wherefore with force and arms they took and carried away three goshawks belonging to the said James at Bethum of the value of £10; De Banco R., 477, Hil. 3 Richard II, m. 160d.; 478, m. 249.
1380 Grant by John son and heir of Ralph Knott of Bethom to John de Bethom, lord of Bethom, of all the lands and tenements in Bethum which formerly belonged to the said Ralph. Dated 3 Richard II; Dodsworth's MS. 149, f. 144.
1386 Grant by Hugh de Calviley, governor of the Isles of Gernesey, Jeresey, Serk and Aurney, to his esquire, Thomas de Bethom, for life of the office of bailiff of Jeresey and a yearly rent of £63 10s. there; Cal. Pat. R., 1391, p. 476.
Agreement made between Mons. Walter de Stirkeland, chivaler and Mons. John de Bethom, chivaler, that Thomas son and heir of Mons. Walter shall take to wife Mabel, daughter of Mons. John, and that Mons. Walter shall enfeoff Thomas and Mabel and their issue male of £20 worth of land and that all Mons. Walter's lands shall descend to Thomas and his heirs male, except lands in Quynfell remaining to Mons. Walter for life by the death of John de Stirkeland and others and whereof Mons. Walter will enfeoff at will one of his younger children for life. For which marriage Mons. John shall pay to Mons. Walter £93 6s. 8d., namely one fifth on the day of the feoffment of the jointure of £20 of land and the remainder by four payments at Martinmas and Whitsuntide following; if Mabel die without issue male the payments to cease. It is agreed that the espousals between Thomas and Mabel shall be solemnized within three weeks of this writing, both parties being bound to Mons. Thomas de Tunstall, chivaler, for due performances. Given at Sireszergh on Tuesday before Candlemas, 6 Henry IV (1405). Round seal of red wax bearing a chief (indented?) and over all a bendlet; Crest: on a wreath over a helmet closed a vulture's head erased (for Bethome); Orig. at Sizergh.
Bond of William Marshall and Joan his wife to Thomas son of John de Bethom, knt., in £50 to observe the conditions contained in certain indentures made between them. Dated 7 Henry IV; Dodworth's MS. 149, f. 144.
Grant by Thomas son of John de Bethom, knt., to William Marshall and Joan his wife of a yearly rent of 40s. in survivorship from the lands of Eshlake (Hazleslack?) in Kendale. Dated 7 Henry IV; ib. f. 145b.
1406 Robert de Appelton, rector of Stretton in le Clay, having licence to hold two benefices, resigned Huggate, Yorks., and obtained Stretton in le Clay and Beetham, their value not exceeding 160 marks. Papal Reg. vi, 117, 135, 206.
1411 John de Bethome, chivaler, held the manor of Bethome of Philippa, late the wife of Robert de Veer, late duke of Ireland, by homage and fealty and the services of 32s. at Easter and Michaelmas, and the manor of Farleton in Kendale similarly for 26s. 8d. rent; Chan. Inq. p.m., 13 Henry IV, n. 44.
1419 Pardon of outlawry for Thomas de Bethom, son and heir of John de Bethom, knt., of Bethom, esq., for not appearing to answer Master Robert de Appilton, parson of the parish church of Bethom, touching a debt of 50 marks and £40; Cal. Pat. R., 1419, pp. 167, 221.
1430 Master Robert Rayenhill (Rainhill), advocate of the court of York, bequeaths to the library of York Minster a book of the compilation of Dr. Nicholas de Lira upon the New Testament, which the testator purchased of the executors of Master William Dorem, formerly rector of the church of Bethom; Test. Ebor. (Surtees Soc.) iii, 90.
1431 Articles for the marriage before Lammas next (9 Henry VI), of William Thirkeld, eldest son of Sir William Thirkeld, knt., to Anne daughter of Thomas Bethom of Bethom; Dodworth's MS. 149, f. 142b. Jane another daughter married John son of Hugh son of Sir John Lamplough. Beetham Repository, 156.
1432 Thomas de Bethome, an arbitrator with Thomas de Stirkeland and Robert de Layburn, knights, and Nicholas Layburn, between Thomas de Midelton and Reginald his brother on the one side and Thomas de Redmane, Margaret his wife, daughter of Ralph de Skyrogh and William de Redmane on the other; Cal. of Anct. Deeds, v, a. 11392.
1435 Indult to Thomas de Bethum, lord of Beetham, donsel, (fn. 12) nobleman, and Margaret his wife, noblewoman, for a portable altar. Papal Reg. viii. 570.
1441 Surrender by Thomas de Bethome, and Mary his wife, late the wife of William de Stapilton, of the closes of Stonfeld, Barrokfell, with Brumgill in Inglewood forest, co. Cumb., which the said Mary holds for her life by grant of Henry V, regrant to her and Roger (de Bethom) son of her said husband, in survivorship, for £8 6s. 8d. yearly; Cal. Pat. Rolls, 1441, p. 494; 1443, p. 191; 1459, p. 595;
1446 Grant by Thomas Gate and Robert Preston, chaplains, to Edward Bethum, knt., and Joan his wife, daughter of William de Fauconberge, their manors of Bethum and Hes[els]lake and all their lands and tenements in Bethum, Hes[els]lake, Burton, Farlton, Hale, Whassed, Byleghton, Arnaleshed, Storthe, Hencastre, Hoton, and Lupton, co. Westmorland, which they had of the gift and feoffment of the said Edward. Witnesses: Thomas de Parre and Thomas de Strikland, knights, Robert de Bellingham, Nicholas de Layburn. Given on the morrow of St. Lawrence, 24 Henry VI (11 August, 1446); Dodsworth MS. 149, f. 144.
1446 John Sendale, rector of Beetham, studying letters at an university has respite for seven years (provided he be ordained sub-deacon within six months) from promotion to any other holy orders; Papal Reg. ix, also licence to demise the fruits of his benefices whilst studying; ibid. 512.
1449 Roger Bethum, esq., is party to a fine against William Haryngton of Gleaston, knt., and Thomas Nicholls, parson of the church at Aldyngham, deforciants, of the castle of Gleaston; Lancs. Fines, Rec. Soc., pt iii, 117.
Licence for the grant in mortmain of the advowson of the church of Bethome to 2 chaplains of the chantry in the parish church of Eccles, co. Lancaster, founded by William Bothe, archbishop of York, and his feoffees.
1460 Henry VI, on the 1st December, 1460, granted a licence to William Bothe, archbishop of York, Nicholas Byron, Robert Clyfton, Richard Bothe and Seth Worsley, esqs., to enable them to found a chantry in the church of B. Mary of Eccles for two chaplains, there to celebrate for the good estate of the said founders, whilst living, and also for their souls after death, and to allow them and their successors to take lands, tenements, rents, services and other possessions from any one by the name of "the Chaplains of the chantry of Jesus and B. Mary the Virgin" in the parish church of Eccles. The founders give to three or more of their body the Rectory of Bethom and its advowson in the county of Westmorland, to hold to the said Chaplains and their successors for ever; to celebrate daily in the said chapel and to say mass before the arrival of the parishioners; to pray for K. Henry VI and for the said Archbishop and his cofounders and for all the faithful; the chaplains always to be "capaces et habiles," and each of them to receive seven marks per annum, etc. Reg. Bothe, York, p. 245, as quoted in Chetham Soc. O.S. lix, pp. 131–135.
The church of Beethame was appropriated to ye Chantray of St. Mary in ye Church of Eccles reserving a convenient portion (£13 per annum) for a vicar, (£3 to the appropriator, 3s. 4d. to the Dean and chapter and 13s. 4d. to the archdeacon of Richmond). Reg. R. Torre, MS. Ebor.
1462–83 Edward Bethum, knt., son and heir of Thomas Bethum, esq., settled his Lancashire estates upon himself and issue, remainder successively to his brothers, Roger, William and Richard, to his cousin John, son of Robert Bethum, brother of the said Thomas, and to James, bastard son of the said Thomas, and their respective heirs successively; Lancs. Inq. (Chetham Soc.), xcix, 102.
1472 Edward Bethom, knt., died 22 February, 1472. He and Joan his wife, daughter of William, lord Fauconberge, by feoffment to them made, were seised of, and held of William Par, knt., the manors of Bethom and Heslak and of divers messuages, lands and tenements in Bethom, Heslak, Burton, Farlton, Hale, Whassed, Bylegton, Arneshed, Storthes, Hencastre, Hoton and Lupton; also of the homage and service of James Haryngton, knt., who held of them the hamlet of Farleton, as parcel of the said manor of Bethom by homage and the yearly rent of 26s. 8d. The said manors and tenements, worth yearly clear £40, were held of William Par by knight's service, suit of court and 32s. yearly. Agnes, daughter of Roger Bethom, wife of Robert Midelton, was his next heir, aged 22 years; Chan. Inq. p.m., 12 Edward IV, n. 20.
1479 Cognizance taken at Bethum by the king's commissioners from Richard Musgrave, esq., kinsman and heir of Richard Musgrave, knt., to wit son of Thomas Musgrave, son of the said Richard Musgrave, knt. on 16 August, 19 Edward IV (1479), who declares that he demised by charter to William Bethum, brother of Roger Bethum, son of Thomas Bethum, esq., deceased, the manor of Bethum and the moiety of the manor of Burton in Kendale and all other the manors, lands etc., in co. Westmorland, late of the said Thomas Bethum, with knight's fees, advowsons, courts, franchises, etc., to hold to William and his heirs male for ever, in default to remain to Richard Bethum, brother of the said William and his heirs male, in default to remain to John Bethum, son of Robert Bethum and his heirs male, in default to remain to James Bethum, bastard son of the said Thomas and his heirs male. Thomas Colyn and Thomas Johnson, yeomen, were appointed attornies to deliver seisin; Chan. Inq. p.m., 19 Edward IV, n. 87.
Robert de Middelton, knt., and Anne his wife, daughter and heir of Roger de Bethom, by the hereditary right of the same Anne, present Thomas Wilson, clerk, to the church of Whittington, within the archdeaconry of Richmond. Given in the manor of Bethom, 8 April, 1484; Dodsworth's MS., 149, f. 146b.
1502 Commission to certain justices to inquire who, with Thomas Middelton, esq., Thomas Lambert, George Storee and Robert Rogers, entered the manor of Bethom and other possessions of George Stanley, knt., lord le Straunge, at Bethom and Arneshed, contrary to the statutes 15 Richard II and 8 Henry VI; Cal. of Pat. R., 1494-1509, p. 325.
1506 Agreement touching the possession of the manors and lands, formerly Sir Edward Bethom's, in cos. Lancaster and Westmorland, made between Thomas, earl of Derby and Thomas Middleton; Cal., of Anct. Deeds, iii, D. 477.
1517 Inquest taken at Heppe, 9 July, 9 Henry VIII (1517) before Thomas Sawkeld, esquire, escheator, by the oath etc., who say that: Thomas Middelton, on the day he died, was seised of the manor of Bethome, held of the king in chief by knight's service, rendering therefor yearly to the king four marks at free farm. There are in said manor: a capital messuage worth yearly clear 3s. 4d; an orchard containing one acre, worth yearly 6s. 8d., besides the sustentation of its enclosure; two separate enclosures called Thorrige parkkes, each containing 40 acres, of which each acre is worth yearly 20d.; another close called Nichols parke, containing 14 acres, each acre worth yearly 18d.; another close called Ulstaynrege, containing 20 acres, each acre worth yearly 20d.; one close called Langegrefe or Newe parke, containing 14 acres of wood, worth nothing because not wood for cutting down, and 14 acres of pasture, each acre worth 12d. and not more besides the sustentation of the deer there; five roods of meadow, worth yearly 2s. called Pekell; 15 acres of meadow called Hayrholmes each acre worth yearly 2s.; 60 acres of arable, each acre worth yearly 2s. 4d.; six messuages called Storth, each worth 8d.; at Storth there are 10 acres of land, each worth yearly 18d.; 20 acres of common, each worth yearly 2d.; 30 acres of moor, each worth yearly ¼d. There is a tower at Arnsid called Arnsid Toure, worth nothing yearly, and it is parcel of the manor of Bethome; at Arnsid there are 20 acres of demesne land, each worth 12d.; and 12 acres of meadow there, each worth yearly 18d.; a close called Storth, containing six acres of pasture, worth yearly 6s. 8d.; at Arnsid there are 200 acres of wood, worth nothing yearly because not wood for cutting down; at Arnsid there are 100 acres of moor, worth in all things 8d. yearly; and there are in the manor of Bethome in divers places in co. Westmorland 16 tenements with lands, meadows and commons adjoining, each tenement worth yearly 10s.; in the manor of Bethome is a water mill for corn, worth yearly clear £4 6s. 8d.; and another water corn mill worth yearly clear £4; and the onset (fundum) of a fulling mill, worth nothing yearly because it lies totally waste; and there are there at Wyndyettes and Seylforth two several tenements in the tenure of divers tenants, each tenement with lands, meadows and commons adjoining worth yearly 13s. 4d., and they are parcel of the manor of Bethome; at Quassyd there are 14 tenements with lands, meadows and commons belonging to them in the tenure of divers tenents and they are parcel of the manor of Bethome, each tenement worth yearly 10s. clear; and in the same manor are 22 tenements in the tenure of divers tenants with lands, meadows, commons and pastures in Hayle, parcel of the aforesaid manor, each tenement worth yearly 8s., all of which are parcel of the manor of Bethome and they are held of the king in chief by the service aforesaid.
Also they say that Edward Stanley, lord Montegyll, holds all his lands and tenements in Farlton in the said county of the said Thomas Meddelton, as of his manor of Bethome by service of rendering 24s. of free farm. Also Christopher Pykeryng, knight, holds divers lands and tenements and wood in Methope of the said Thos. Middelton, as of his aforesaid manor, by service of rendering 2s. of free farm. Also lady Elizabeth Legh holds one tenement in Gresslake in the said county of the said Thos. Medelton as of his said manor of Bethome, by service of rendering 12d. at free farm. Also Sir (dominus) Robert Redmayn, chaplain, holds Manserhaule in the said co. of the said Thomas, by service of rendering 12d. of free farm. Also John Lamploo, esquire, holds divers lands and tenements in Preston [Patrick] in the said co., service not known. Also Edward Meddleton holds freely divers lands and tenements in Crakenthorp in Kendale of the said Thomas, as of his said manor by service of rendering 12d. for all service.
Also Thomas Medelton died seised in his demesne as of fee of 13 messuages, 100 acres of land, 30 acres meadow, 200 acres pasture and moor in Burton, in the said co., altogether worth £10 yearly, held of Sir Thomas Parre, knight, as of his Castle of Kendall, by knight service. He also died seised of six messuages, 60 acres arable land, 20 acres pasture in Hencastre in the said co., altogether worth four marks yearly, held of Walter St[r]ickland as of his manor of Sysegh, service not known.
1519 Inquest taken at Kyrkeby in Kendall, 23 November, 11 Henry VIII (1519) before James Leyburn, esquire, escheator, by the oath of Ewin Gylpyn, esq., Christopher Godmond, Edward Garnett, Alan Wylson, Brian Manser, Brian Warrenor, Thos. Wylson, Henry Feld, Thos. Strikland, Nicholas Tunstal, Richard Tunstal and Edward Bethome, gentlemen, who say that:
Thomas Midilton was seised on the day he died of the manor of Bethom which is held of the king in chief by knight service rendering therefor yearly to the king four marks at free farm. There is in the manor a capital messuage worth yearly 3s. 8d. clear; one orchard containing one acre, worth yearly 6s. 8d. besides keeping up its enclosure (ultra sustent. clausure ejusdem); and two separate enclosures called "Thorrege Parkkys" each containing 40 acres, each acre worth 20d. yearly; and another enclosure called "Nicolls Parke" containing 14 acres, each worth 18d. yearly; and one other enclosure called "Ul [stayn] rege" containing 20 acres, each acre worth yearly 20d.; and one close called "Langgrefe otherwise Newparke" containing 14 acres of wood, worth nothing yearly because not fit for cutting and the said close contains 14 acres of pasture each worth yearly 12d. and not more beyond the keeping of the deer (ferarum) there; and five roods of meadow called "Pokell" worth yearly 2s.; and 60 acres of demesne land of arable, each worth yearly 2s. 4d.; and six messuages called "Storth" each worth yearly 8d.; and there are at "Storth" 10 acres of land each worth yearly 18d; and 20 acres common (commune) each worth 2d.; and 20 acres of moor each worth yearly one farthing; and a tower called "Arnesid tower" worth nothing beyond its maintenance and there are at "Arnesid" 20 acres of demesne land each worth yearly 12d.; and there are at "Arnesid" 12 acres of meadow each worth 18d. yearly; and one close called "Storth" containing six acres of pasture which is worth yearly 6s. 8d.; and there are at "Arnesid" 200 acres of wood worth nothing yearly because unfit for cutting; and there are at "Arnesid" 100 acres of moor worth yearly 8d. in all things; and there are in the manor of Bethome in divers places in co. Westmorland 60 tenements (fn. 13) with the lands, meadows and commons to the said tenements adjoining each of which tenements is worth yearly 10s.; and in the said manor there is one water corn mill worth yearly £4 6s. 8d. clear; and one other water corn mill worth yearly £4 clear; and a certain onset (fundum) of a fulling mill worth nothing yearly because it lies totally waste; and there are there at "Wyndzettes and Seylforth" two separate tenements in the tenure of divers tenants with the lands, meadows and commons to the said tenements adjoining, worth yearly 13s. 4d. and they are parcel of the said manor of Bethome; and there are at "Quassed" 14 tenements with the lands, meadows and commons to the said tenements belonging in the tenure of divers tenants and they are parcel of said manor of Bethome, and each of the said tenements is worth yearly 10s. clear; and there are in said manor 22 tenements in the tenure of divers tenants with the lands, meadows, commons and pastures in Hayle each of which tenements is worth yearly 8s. all of which are held of the king in chief by the service aforesaid. And the jurors say that Edward Stanley, knight, lord Mountegyll holds all his lands and tenements in Farlton in the aforesaid county of the said Thomas Middilton as of his manor of Bethome by rent and service of 24s. of free farm (de libera firma). And the heir of Christopher Pekyrynge holds divers lands, tenements and wood in Methope of the said Thomas Middilton as of his manor of Bethome by service of rendering 2s. of free farm. And Lady Elizabeth Legh holds one tenement in Gresslake in said county of the said Thos. Meddelton as of his manor of Bethome by service of rendering 12d. at free farm (ad liberam firmam). And Robert Redmayn, chaplain, holds Manserh, in said county of the said Thomas as of his said manor by service of rendering 12d. of free farm. Also John Lamplugh, esquire, holds divers lands and tenements in Preston in said county and they are held of the manor of Bethome but by what service they know not. And Edward Middilton holds freely divers lands and tenements in Crakenthorpe in Kendall in said county of said Thos. Middilton as of his said manor by service of rendering 12d. for all services.
Thomas Middelton died seised in his demesne as of fee of 13 messuages, 7 acres (fn. 13) of land, 30 acres meadow, 200 acres pasture and moor in Burton in said county, and they are worth yearly £9; and held of William Parr, son and heir of Thomas Parr, knight, as of his castle of Kendall by knight service. And Thomas Middilton died seised in his demesne as of fee of 6 messuages, 60 acres of arable land, 20 acres of pasture in Hencaster, and they are worth yearly 4 marks, and are held of Walter Strickland, esquire, as of his manor of Sysergh by what service they know not.
And the said Geoffrey died 12 December, 9 Henry VIII (1517) being a ward of the king by reason of his minority. And Gervase Medilton is brother and heir of the said Geoffrey, next son and heir of the aforesaid Thomas. And Gervase Middilton is aged 16 years and upwards. Chanc. Inq. p.m., ser ii, vol. 34, n. 57.
1523 Edward Middleton, esq., before his death was seised inter alia of the manor of Capilsyd (fn. 14) and divers lands and tenements in Crakynthorpe and granted the same to trustees to the use of himself for life and after his death to the use of his right heirs. The manor and tene ments are held of the manor of Bethome by fealty and 12d. rent at Martinmas, worth yearly clear eight marks. Oliver Middelton is son and heir of the said Edward, aged 10 years; Exch. Inq. p.m., ser. ii, file 126, n. 2.
1537 Pilgrimage of Grace. See Kirkby Kendal. A letter from William Collyns of Kendal to John Stanes read in Betham church by William Lancaster touching the levy of two men from every parish to be sent to the friars at Richmond on a certain day. Stanes and others gathered 7s. from the parishioners of Betham towards the charge of the two men, who were sent accordingly; Letters and Papers, Hen. VIII 1537, pp. 381, 435, 501.
1557 Thomas Bradley, esq., presented the vicar to Beetham church by virtue of a grant to him and his heirs. After the dissolution of St. Mary's, York, the crown leased out the Rectory at £25 per annum for 21 years to 21 years. Nicolson and Burn, 1, 218.
Robert Buskell, gentleman, on the day he died was seised of the manor of Caplesyd and divers lands and tenements in Crakinthorpe to the said manor belonging, which manor and said lands and tenements are held of the manor of Bethome in free socage by fealty and a free rent of 12d. payable yearly to the same manor at feast of St. Martin in winter for all service and demand, and are worth yearly clear eight marks.
Thomas Buskell on the day of his death was seised of the manor of Cappleside and of divers lands, tenements and hereditaments in Cappleside and in Crakenthorpe and Bethome to the said manor belonging; and of 14 acres of land meadow and pasture called "Beeland" in Millnethorpe within the parish of Heversham, lately purchased from Thomas Chalenor, knight.
The manor of Cappleside and the lands, tenements and hereditaments in Crakenthorpe and Beethome are held of William, earl of Derby, as of his manor of Bethome in free socage by fealty and a free rent of 12d yearly to be paid to the said manor of Beethome at the feast of St. Martin in winter for all services and demands and are worth yearly clear four marks. And the 14 acres called "Beeland" in Heversham are held of the king as of his manor of Sherehutton (fn. 15) in free and common socage by fealty only and not in chief, as by letters patent under the Great Seal of England, dated at Westminster, 16 June, 7 Edward VI (1553), shown to jurors, more fully appears, and are worth yearly clear 7s.
Thomas Buskell died 5 March last (1629–30) at Cappleside and Robert Buskell is his son and nearest heir and he is aged eight years two months and 20 days now. And Magdalene late the wife of the said Thomas Buskell deceased, lives in pure widowhood at Cappleside. Court of Wards Inq. p.m., vol. 79, n. 42.
1652 Discharge from sequestration of the following estates purchased from the Treason Trustees: Beetham Hall purchased by William Claxton; Beetham manor bought for Capt. Blunt Sadler; Arneshed Tower, lands and mills bought by James Wainright. Two fines due to the Commonwealth by custom upon the deaths of William, late earl of Derby, and James, late earl of Derby, from the tenants of the manor of Beetham (fine of 9 years' rent); Cal. of Com. for Compounding, i, 727, 734; ii, 1116-7.
1655 The surviving Parliamentary Trustees, under an act entitled "An Act for the sale of the several lands and estates forfeited to the Commonwealth for treason," convey to James Wainright of the City of London, haberdasher, for £861 4s. 2d., and by two writings under their hands and seals bearing dates the 30 January, 1652, and the 20th July, 1655, sold and conveyed to the said James Wainright all the demesne lands in Arneshed with the appurtenances situate within the manor of Beetham, namely the capital messuage or mansion-house commonly called Arneshed Tower and divers lands (named) and also "all that fishing on Kent Sands and the river Kent called the Fence and the Eye, which fishing begins at a place called the Yewrake on the north-west side of Arneshed Park and so north-west across the sand to the slade in the Holme and so to the Redwell in Blawith or Blawith or Blathe on thither side of the sands and from thence up the sands eastward to Staveley Stone, being in length about two miles and a half, now or late in the occupation of Hillary Bradley and Thomas Laborne"; Case of Wilson v. Brogden, pp. 124–6.
1768 Hugh lord Clifford conveys to Daniel Wilson, esq., "all that the said manor or lordship or reputed manor or lordship of Capleside, otherwise Capulside . . . . and all that the site of the capital messuage or mansion house, commonly called Capleside Hall, and also all these the demesne lands or grounds of Capleside . . . . and also three parcels of land lying and being in Milnthorpe . . . save and except out of these presents," the tenements in Capleside which had been enfranchised by the deed of 1762 and also excepting out of this deed all and singular the messuages, lands, tenements, fishings, franchises and hereditaments which by the deed of 1762 had been conveyed to John Barrow and John Smith and also excepting etc. See Meathop. Case of Wilson v. Brogden, pp. 38, 146.
1815 The Right Honourable Smith Stanley, earl of Derby, in the county of Derby and lord Stanley, conveys to Daniel Wilson, esq., "all that the manor of Beetham-cum-Arnside . . . . the capital messuage and tenement called Beetham Hall with the demesne and the watermills . . . . also the fishery of Arnside, with all buildings and the chief rents, free rents, salt-cotes and other payments situate and being in Ulpha etc."; Case of Wilson v. Brodgen, p. 39.