Records Relating To the Barony of Kendale: Volume 2. Originally published by Titus Wilson and Son, Kendal, 1924.
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LANGDALE AND BAISBROWNE.
1283 William de Lyndeseye held at his death at Langeden 15 tenants who hold 136 a. 1 r. of land, each acre worth 6d. yearly; 6 tenants who hold 28½ a. of waste land there and render nothing; 2 cotters, who used to render 8d. yearly, (their tenements) are now waste and yield nothing: a forest there the herbage of which is worth 50s. yearly; a water-mill there renders 7s. yearly; a fishery called Routhemer is worth 18d. yearly. All the said tenants render 5s. yearly for "goldewethers alias goldewite"; Lancs. Inq., i, 253; Cal. Inq., ii, 269.
1324 Ingram de Gynes held at his death the hamlet of Langeden, where there are 11 tenants at will who render 66s. 0½d. yearly; there is a water-mill worth 10s. yearly. Two tenements in the hamlet of Langeden, which ought to render 3s. 6½d. yearly, were in the lord's hands for default of tenants and now lie waste; the herbage of the forest of Langeden ought to be worth 40s. yearly, but is now worth nothing for default of animals; Inq. p.m., 17 Edward 11, n. 60.
1334 Christiana de Gynes held at her death the hamlet of Langedene, parcel of the manor of Winandermere, in which are 11 tenants at will who render 66s. 0½d. at Martinmas and Whitsuntide; a watermill worth 10s. yearly; Inq. p.m., 8 Edward 111, 1st nos., n. 74.
1375 Inquest taken at Kirkeby in Kendale on Saturday next after the feast of Corpus Christi, 49 Edw. 111 (23 June, 1375), the jurors say Joan late the wife of John de Coupeland, decd, held for the term of her life, inter alia the hamelet of Langeden. See the inquest under Windermere.
|Tenants at will in Langeden.||Renders yearly.|
|Thomas del Loge and Adam Willeson hold a tenement|
|Margaret who was the wife of Henry (fn. 1) 2½ acres|
|John de Asedall (fn. 2) holds a tenement|
|John Dowson (fn. 3) "||3|
|The same an intack||1|
|John Whiteheved (fn. 4) a tenement||4||1|
|John de Midelfell "||11||2|
|Ralph del Fell "||12||4|
|John Kynge "||6||5|
|Ralph del Fell "||2||5|
|John Forester an intake||2|
|John Willeson "||1|
|The tenants for a water mill||12||0|
|The tenants for pasture of the forest, called Forest sylver||£2||10||0|
|William Walker for a pasture called Whelpstrothe||5||0|
|The tenants for a rent called "Yeld" (fn. 5)||6|
|Sum total (fn. 6)||£6||10||0|
Decay in Langden.
1390 Alan Pennyngton, knt., held of the countess Philippa, the manor of Lyttyl Langden in Strickland Kettyll with the appurtenances and hunting by homage and fealty. He died 27 September, 1415, seised of, inter alia, the manor of Langden. Lancs. Inq., Chetham Soc. xcv, 121.
1397 Thomas de Berdesie grants and confirms to Alan de Penyngton and Katherine his wife the manor of Langden which the grantor had of the gift and feoffment of William de Penyngton, to hold to Alan and Katherine and the issue of Alan, with remainder to Richard de Kirkebi, knt., and Richard son of John de Hodliston, knt., and their issue, with reversion to the right heirs of William de Penyngton. Dated at Langden, 24 May, 20 Richard II. Witnesses: William de Berdesei, Ywan de Asmunderlaw; Foster, Penningtonia, 24, from Furness Coucher (Chetham Soc.), pt. ii, 508.
1416 Alan de Penyngton held at his death inter alia certain lands called Tilberthwayt and Langden in Fourneys of the abbot of Fourneys by knight's service and 2s. 2d. yearly. He died on Friday after St. Matthew the Apostle, 3 Henry V (27 September, 1415); Lancs. Inq. (Chetham Soc.), pt. i, 121.
1439 Account of Walter Stirkeland, esq., accountant to the King from 17th to 18th year of Henry VI. The issues of John Wylson Dikonson, reeve, of two parts of the lordship of Langedon, £4 11s. 6d. For the following year the sum was the same.
1454 Rental of Edmund, earl of Richmond, within the lordship of Kendale, from 6 March, 31 Henry VI to Michaelmas, 33 Henry VI (1454), to wit for 1½ year and 26 days. Min. Accts., Bundle 644, n. 10444. John Robynson and John Saturthwayte, joint reeves, answer for two thirds of the rents and farms of the tenants at Langdale, £4 13s. 2d. per annum, whereof rent of the tenants £2 7s. 3¾d.; agistment of animals called "Forestsilver" £1 13s. 4d.; farm of water cornmill 6s. 8d.; "le Goldwhether," rent 4d.; farm of a moiety of a pasture called "Whelpheth" 3s. 4d.; and farm of two fulling mills 2s. 2¼d. Sum of receipt for the 1½ year £6 19s. 9d.
1516 Rowland Sattertwaythe took his father's tenement and agreed to pay for entry thereto at the Annunciation of St. Mary, 3s. 4d.; at the feast of St. James the Apostle, 1518, 3s. 4d.; with these guarantors: Thomas Benson son of John Benson, jun., Edward Pertryge; and he pays 10s. before Pentecost retr. 3s. 4d. Edward Sattertwaythe is bound to pay 6s. 8d. before the feast of Easter next to come; ib.
1532 Inquest taken at Appulby on Wednesday, 21 October, 24 Henry VIII (1532), before John Skelton, esq., Escheator. The jurors say that: William Pennyngton, the elder, knt, on the day he died, and William Pennyngton, younger, and Mary Strykland, daughter of Walter Strykland, were seised of Little Langden, according to the tenor and effect of a charter dated 4 June, 20 Henry VIII (1528); it is held of the duke of Richmond by service unknown and is worth £10 yearly and more. He died 20 May, 24 Henry VIII (1532) and William his son is his next heir; Excheq. Inq. p.m., ser. ii, file 131, n. 3.
1536 Memorandum, the said prior and convent and their predecessors tyme out of mynde helde and occupyed a nother common or Shepe grounde called Udall, parcell of th'enheritaunce of Mr. Penyngton and payeth therefore yerely 40s.; ib., bundle 4, n. 17.
* Jenkin Dickson [ib.], he is dead, without harriot,tenant, 15s. 4d. (fn. 7)
*Christ. Tomson and Robert Thomson (di' T. i.e. half tenement 3s. 8d. Chris. Thomson was tenant of half the tenement and afterwards without the lord's licence released half there (di.' ib') to the said Robert, as yet the relict of the said [Christ.?] is tenant of half.
At the inquest taken, it was presented that:—Nicholas and George Dickeson jointly made together "j afflittam" (an affray) within the lordship of Landgen, against pain, 3s. 4d. John Yewdall, George Henrison and Oliver Partrig each fished in the several water of the lordship, against pain, 4d. each.
John Henrison has j house called "a barne" in default both of timber and thatch (textura); also Thomas Henrison has a house called "a fyer house" in default of thatch. It is therefore ordained that they be repaired before the next court under pain of 3s. 4d.
The relict of John Tison has one unreasonable cow in the lord's "excort" (fn. 8) wood within the lordship, it shall therefore be removed before the next court under pain of 3s. 4d. To this court came Mabel relict of Edward Benson in her own person and surrendered into the lord's hands the fourth part of the widow right of a tenement, late in the tenure of Oliver Benson, of the yearly rent of 12d., to the use of Edward Benson, her son.
1563 Inquest taken at Kyrkbie in Kendall, 9 September, 5 Elizabeth (1563) before Walter Stricklande and William Flemynge, esquires, the queen's commissioners, by the oath etc., who say that: John Benson of Langdon on the day he died was seised of the manor of Baysburne and 2 messuages in Eltwatter, 4 messuages in Aickhowe, 100 acres pasture, 40 acres arable land, 20 acres meadow, 10 acres wood. The said manor lands and tenements are worth yearly clear £8 7s. 4d.
John Benson died 17 February last (1562–3) and John Benson son of the late George Benson is grandson and heir of the said John Benson and is aged on day of this Inquisition 13 years 10 months and no more.
1564 Inquest taken at Kirkebye in Kendall, 7 November, 6 Elizabeth (1564) before Anthony Duckett, esquire, escheator, by the oath etc., who say that: John Benson, gentleman on the day he died was seised of the manor of Baisbrowne and 2 messuages in Baisbrowne, 8 messuages in Elterwatter, 4 messuages in Aikehowe, 100 acres pasture, 40 acres arable land, 20 acres meadow, 10 acres wood in Baysbrowne, Elterwater and Aikehowe. All are held of the queen in chief by knight service, namely one twentieth part of a knight's fee, and are worth yearly clear £8 7s. 4d. and not more.
John Benson died 17 February, 5 Elizabeth (1562–3) and John Benson son of George Benson, deceased, late son and heir apparent of the said John Benson is his grandson and next heir and he is aged on day of this Inquisition, 15 years, 1 month, 1 day and no more.
They further say that one David Flemyng of Ridall, gentleman has occupied 2 parts of the said manor and 2 parts of all the said lands and tenements from the time of John Benson's death and has received the profits, by virtue of John Benson's will dated 1 January, 4 Elizabeth (1561–2). Court of Wards Inq. p.m., file 40, n. 39.
Item, the tenants of Langden aforesaid pay yearly for a parcel of waste land or common there to the chief lords, 75s. (?), whereof to the Queen as in right of her lands lying within Landgen called Richemond Laundes, 25s. and to the said Queen as in right of lands there called "Marques Laundes" 37s. 6d.; and for a sixth part due to William Gilpinge, esq., the other lord there 12s. 6d.
1608 nquest taken at Kirkbie Kendall, 6 February, 5 James 1 (1607–8) before Richard Rigge, esquire, escheator, by the oath etc., who say that: Thomas Brathwait, gentleman, was seised of the manor or lordship of Basebrowne and 30 messuages and tenements in Basebrowne, Elterwater, Aikehowe, Langdall, Loughrigge and Clappergate within the parish of Gresmyer in co. Westmorland; and also of certain lands in Brimham, co. York.
The manor or lordship of Basebrowne and the lands and tenements there and in Elterwater, Aikehowe, Langdale, Loughrigge and Clappersgate are held of the king as of his crown of England in chief by knight service and are worth yearly clear £4.
1662–64 Schedule of defaulters to Hearth Tax. Lay Subsidy Roll, 259, n. 13. (fn. 9)
Roger Borwick (4 hearths) and Agnes Hackerigge (1 hearth) not willing to pay, neither hath any goods to distreane upon (from Annunc. B.V.M. (Lady Day), 1663, to the same feast, 1664). David Harrison, constable.
George Nycholson, John Nycholson, George Harrison, Anthony Atkinson and Richard Harrison, every one a hearth and not willing to pay, neither hath any goods to distreane upon. James Benson, constable. 1662.