Records Relating To the Barony of Kendale: Volume 2. Originally published by Titus Wilson and Son, Kendal, 1924.
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AMBLESIDE AND TROUTBECK.
1272 Walter de Lyndesay held at his death the forest of Trutebeck, worth £20 (?) yearly, which used to be rendered at the term of Michaelmas, a park there with a certain delehead (cum quodam capite vallis), which might be worth 10 marks yearly in all issues if let to farm; also 3 a. meadow, worth 3s. yearly, and the pannage of Appeltwayt and Trutebecke with the foreign herbages worth 50s. yearly; Lancs. Inq., i, 254.
1283 William de Lyndeseye held at his death a forest called Skaurdal (Scarvedale in the Record Commissioners' calendar) the herbage of which is worth £17 6s. 8d. yearly and the pannage 5s. yearly. He also held a forest called Trutebek; 8 tenants there render yearly for herbage £29 6s. 8d.; there is another forest there put in defense and worth yearly 40s., if it were put to farm; there is also a park there, the herbage of which is worth £3 6s. 8d. yearly saving the sustenance of the deer; the pannage of the said forest is worth 20s. yearly; 6 a. meadow in the said forest are each worth 12d. yearly; Lancs. Inq., i, 254; Cal. Inq., ii, 269.
1324 Ingram de Gynes held at his death the hamlet of Hamelsete, parcel of the manor of Wynandremer, in which are 11 tenants at will, who render £12 4s. 2½d. yearly; and a mill there worth 8s. yearly. In the said hamlet there is one tenement which ought to render 13s. 4d. but now renders nothing because it is in the lord's hands for default of tenant. He also held the hamlet of Troutbek, parcel of the said manor of Wynandremer, in which there are 11 tenants at will, who render £11 8s. 2½d. yearly, six tenements there were in the lord's hands and ought to render £5 11s. 2½d. yearly and now nothing. Inq. p.m., 17 Edward II, n. 60.
1334 Christiana de Gynes held at her death in the hamlet of Hamelsate, 11 tenants at will who render £12 4s. 3½d. yearly at Martinmas and Whitsuntide; and a water corn mill worth 8s. yearly. She also held the hamlet of Troutebek in which there are 11 tenants at will, rendering £12 4s. 3d. yearly at Martinmas and Whitsuntide; a park with "Le Dalhevid" there, of which the herbage is worth £3 yearly. Christiana died on Friday after St. Lucy the Virgin (13 December), 7 Edward III; Inq. p.m., 8 Edward III, 1st nos., n. 74.
1336 Commission of oyer and terminer on the complaint of William de Coucy that Thomas son of William de Ros of Kendale, William son of William de Ros of Kendale, Robert his brother, Marmaduke de Twenge, Thomas son of Thomas de Levenes, Adam de la Celere, Roger Oteway, John son of Thomas de Levenes, Henry son of William son of William de Rispeton, Thomas Roke, Robert son of Adam Walker, Adam son of Thomas Warde, Robert de Caplesheved, William son of John son of Benedict, William son of Peter del Mire, Roger his brother, Nicholas son of Baldwin son of Gilbert, Robert Dennyson of Caplesheved, Robert Tilleson, Patrick son of Patrick Brounson, Robert de Greteby, Richard "Robert servaunt de Roos," William son of John son of Patrick, Richard son of Richard de Caplesheved, William his brother, Roger de Caplesheved, William son of Henry de Caplesheved, William son of Patrick son of William Mons, Adam son of Thomas del Holme, Alexander de Middelton, William son of Thomas del Holme, John de Eskebank, Roger de Levenes, Ralph de Levenes, Gregory de Holme, Patrick de Bland, Adam son of Henry Shepherd and others, entered his free chace and broke his park at Troutebeck, hunted there, carried away deer and killed 2 mares of his, worth £20; Cal. Pat. R., 1336, pp. 290, 294.
1340 Grant, of special grace, to William de Coucy and his heirs of free warren in all his demesne lands, inter alia in Wynandermer, Gressemer, Langedon, Amelsat, Troutebek, Apelthwayt, and licence to impark his wood of Troutebek and to hold it so imparked without impediment from the king and his ministers. Cal. Chart. Rolls, iv, 485.
1343 Confirmation (renewed in 1344) to Adam de Ursewyk of the bailiwick of Troutbek in Kendale during pleasure with the accustomed fees, by the late grant of William de Coucy to the said Adam for life; Cal. Pat. R. 1343, pp. 117, 372.
1346 Commission to Ralph de Bethum and others to make inquiry on the complaint of Mary de St. Paul, countess of Pembroke, to whom the king lately committed the keeping of the lands late of William de Coucy, that Adam de Ursewyk, to whom the king lately granted the chief forestership of Troutebek in Kendale, has usurped divers profits beyond the usual rates and fees of the bailiwick; ib. 1346, p. 185.
1354 Adam de Ursewyk, king's yeoman, has the bailiwick of the forestership of Troutbek in Kendale for life, by grant dated 4 December, 18 Edward III. Richard de Derlay and Richard de Berwyk, predecessors in office of the said Adam received the following profit and fees: bark, dead wood and stallage of the old park of the Bradewode and of a moiety of the Bradewode, 2 cart-horses with their issue for 3 years in the park of Troutebek, called Le Loukhou, one acre of meadow near Le Halle of Troutebek, 1d. for each tally of a full £1 for all beasts agisted in the said places, a robe and 20s. yearly or a tenement in the forest of Kendale to the value of 40s. yearly, and all cinders in the forest as pertaining to the office of the forestership of Kendale; Cal. Close R., 1354, p. 18.
1365 Commission to 4 persons and Robert de Whessyngton on the complaint of Joan, late wife of John de Coupland, that Roger son of Gilbert de Kentmere, William de Colperthwayt, Nicholas de Warton, chaplain, Walter son of Thomas de Stirkland, knight, John son of Richard de Kentmere, John de Croft, younger, and others, broke her parks at Troutbek, Calgarth and Kirkeby in Kendale and entered her free chace at Kirkeby in Kendale, fished in her several fisheries at Troutbek and Casterton, felled her trees at the said town of Kirkeby and carried away trees, fish and deer from the parks and chace; August 12, 1365; Cal. Pat. R. 1365, p. 202.
1375 Inquest taken at Kirkeby in Kendale on Saturday next after the feast of Corpus Christi, 49 Edward III (23 June, 1375), the jurors say that Joan late the wife of John de Coupeland, decd, held for the term of her life inter alia the hamlets of Hamelsate and Troutebek. See the inquest under Windermere.
1437 September 15, 1437, Grant, for life, to William Clement, groom of the chamber, of the office of master forester of the forest of Troutebek and Ambilsede in the lordship of Kendale, to hold himself or by deputy, with the accustomed wages etc.; Cal. Pat. R. 1437, p. 92.
Inquest taken on Monday after the feast of SS. Simon and Jude, 16 Henry VI (4 November, 1437) the jurors say that John, duke of Bedford, held at his death inter alia the forest of Troutbecke with a parcel of land called Amylsed and three parks in the same forest, called Trowtbecke parke, Le Cole parke, and Calfgarth. The duke died on 14 September in the 14th year of the present king, 1435. Chan. Inq., p.m., 16 Henry VI, n. 36.
1439 Account of Walter Stirkeland, esq., accountant to the king, from 17th to 18th Henry VI. The issues of John Makereth and Henry Makereth, reeves, of two parts of the lordship of Amelsett was £16 5s. 10¼d. For the following year the sum was £16 5s. 9½d., and for two parts of £6 of the gressum of the tenants there £4.
1440 Grant for life to the king's servant, Henry Waren, groom of the chamber, of the office of Keeper of the park of Troutbeck, with the herbage, pannage, 'wyndfall' and 'browesyng' within the said park as John Frank had when living, rendering to the king 40s. yearly for the said herbage and pannage though they be of greater value. Cal. Pat. Rolls, 1440, p. 384. In order to obtain the office in a more effective form another grant was issued, ib. 1442, p. 93.
Grant for life to William Clement, groom of the chamber, of another office until he be provided with an office equal in value to the master forestership of Troutebek and Hambilset in Kendale, in lieu of a previous grant of the premises surrendered. lb., 1440, p. 445.
1442 Grant for life to Walter Strykland, esquire, of the office of Keeper of the park of Calgarth, to hold from Michaelmas last with the herbage and pannage thereof and the fishery in the water of Wynandremere and all the lands of the king in the hamlets of Appilthwayt and Under Milnbek and on the south side of Milnebek water in the parish of Wynandremere, in full satisfaction of 6d. a day and £10 yearly granted to him in other letters patent; he rendering to the king 5 marks yearly; in lieu of grants to him by letters patent dated 6 July, 16th year (1437) and 20 October last surrendered; Cal. Pat. R. 1442, p. 149.
1443 Grant to John, duke of Somerset, earl of Somerset and Kendale, and the heirs male of his body, of inter alia 43s. 4d. yearly paid by Robert Ingilton for the keeping of the herbage of "La Dalahede" on and without the head of the park of Troutebek in Kendale, which was granted to him by letters patent dated 16 October, 20 Henry VI (1441) for a term of 40 years; 5 marks yearly paid by Walter Strikeland for the herbage and pannage of the park of Calgarth and the fishery of Wynandremere and all the lands in the hamlets of Appilthwayte and Subtusmylnbek and on the south side of the water called Milnbek in the parish of Wynandremere, granted to him for life by letters patent dated 16 October, 21 Henry VI; 40s. yearly paid by Henry Wareyn for the keeping of the herbage and pannage within the park of Troutebek, granted to him by letters patent dated 12 June, 20 Henry VI, to hold during his life; Cal. Pat. R. 1443, p. 223.
1444 John, duke of Somerset died 27 May, 1444, seised of two parts of the lordship or township of Gresmere, worth yearly £6 10s. 0½d.; two parts of the lordship or manor of Logerigg, worth 29s. 1d.; two parts of the lordship or township of Langedene, worth £4 11s.; and two parts of the lordship or manor of Hamelset, worth £16 5s. 9½d.; two parts of the lordship or manor of Troutbek worth yearly £17 8s. 6d. Chanc. Inq. p.m., 22 Henry VI, no. 19; Excheq. Inq. p.m., ser. i, file 177, n. 13; See also vol. i, p. 45.
1446 Grant for life to the king's esquire, Walter Strykland the younger, of the keeping of the park otherwise close of Calgarth, taking for his wages 6d. a day, as was granted to Walter Stykland the elder, by the hands of the farmers, occupiers or receivers of the herbage and pannage of the said park and of the fishery etc., and of the lands in the hamlets etc. (as above) and of two parts of all the lands in the lordship, manor or hamlets [abovesaid], parcel of the lordship of Kendale in the king's hands by the death of John duke of Bedford, from the issues and profits of the said lands, herbage, pannage and fisheries; Cal. Pat. Rolls. 1446, p. 426. See Undermilbeck.
1446 Grant for life to the king's esquire, Thomas Danyell, of two parts of the lordship or manor of Troughtebek with the appurtenances and a parcel of waste land called Wyndrandermer Holme in the water of Wyndrandermer, to hold from Martinmas last at the rent of £17 8s. 6d. ib. 1446, p. 399.
1446 Grant for life to Sibyl Hawkeston of £20 yearly (from certain issues in co. Somerset) from Michaelmas last, and to Thomas Danyell, king's esquire, for life of £20 from the farms of two parts of the lordship or manor of Troughtebek with divers lands adjacent thereto and of a parcel of waste land called Wyndrandermer Holme in the water of Wyndrandermer, and of two parts of all the lands in the lordship, manor or hamlet of Subtusmylnbek, two parts of the herbage of the close called Calfgarth and of the fishery of the water of Wynandermer and of all the king's lands in the town or hamlet of Appilthwayt in the parish of Wynandermer, demised of late to the said Thomas at farm for life; grant also to him, his heirs etc., of the reversion of two parts of the herbage and pannage of the park of Troughtebek with "wyndfall" and "browsyng," which Henry Waryn has of the king's grant for life for 40s. a year at farm, and of the reversion of the third part thereof, which Jacquetta, duchess of Bedford, holds in dower for life, to hold at the rent of 40s. a year; in lieu of a grant to Sibyl of £40 a year by letters patent dated 29 June, 16 Henry VI surrendered; ib. 1446, p. 440.
Henry Newton, the reeve, answers for two thirds of the rents and farms of the tenants at Amelsette, £16 5s. 1½d. per annum, whereof rent of the tenants £14 17s. 4d.; farm of water corn mill, 13s. 4d.; farm of Walkyngsilver (fulling mill) 6s. 8d.; farm of the fulling mill there constructed anew 1s. 1½d.; farm of the herbage of Trowtbeke brigge 6s. 8d. Sum of receipt for the 1½ year £24 7s. 8¼, plus the farm of two parts of a tenement called Maister Forester Place (at £1 6s. 8d. per annum). Total sum of receipt £26 7s. 8¼d.
John Berwyke, the reeve, answers for two thirds of the rents and farms of the tenants at Trowtbeke, £17 9s. per annum, whereof rent of the tenants £16 11s.; farm of Halleyng 10s. and of the farm of herbage of Bryggrys (Troutbeck bridge), 8s. Sum of receipt for the 1½ year £26 3s. 6d. Also for agistment of animals within Troutbeck Park at £12 13s. 42/3d. per annum; and for the farm of herbage of "La Dale hede" at £2 3s. 4d. per annum making £14 16s. 82/3d. or for the 1½ year £22 5s. 1d.
1461 Grant for life to Roland Johnson, "yoman," of the office of parker of the king's park called Calgarth and the custody of the park with fees as in the times of Edward III and Richard II; Cal. Pat. Rolls, 1461, p. 127.
1461 Confirmation by Edward IV to Richard Wydewyll, lord Ryvers, and Jaquetta, duchess of Bedford, his wife, for the life of the latter, of the dower assigned to her on the death of John, late duke of Bedford, viz., inter alia a third part of certain profits in Hamelset, Troutebek, Appulthwayte Troutebek, etc. Dated 10 December, I Edward IV. Cal. Pat. Rolls, 1461, p. 169.
1509 Grant to George Fraunces inter alia of the office of Keeper of Calgarth park in the lordship of Wynnandermer, parcel of the barony of Kyrkeby in Kendall, with certain fees out of the issues of the premises and the hamlets of Troutbek and Amelsett, for services to Margaret, countess of Richmond; Letters and Papers, Dom., Hen. VIII, i, 64.
Hugh Newton (fn. 1)
Fell Garth. Robert Bratwhait has one defect in his fence at Heuland, 4d.; Rich. Forrest for the like there, 4d.; the wife of George Fissher and Will. Fissher have defects in the protection of water-courses, 4d.; the tenant of the tenement late Jenkyn Fissher's, for the same, 4d.; Lancelot Newton for one defect in his fence, 2d.; also (for the same) Math. Aray, David Aray, Hugh Newton, Robert Newton, Robt. Bratwhait, Richard Forrest and Robt. Newton, sen., each 2d.
Each of the following trespass with their pigs illicitly within the lordship; John Makareth, John Jakeson, the wife of Christ. Atkynson, Robt. Jakeson, Owen Jakson, John Makareth, sen., the wife of John Atkynson, Thomas Ellys, John Ellys, John Newton, George Bratwhait, Math. Newton and Robt. Bratwhait, against pain 2d. each.
The wife of Thomas Jackeson keeps a cow illicitly on bark of the lord's wood (ex cortice bosci domini); Richard Forrest 2 cows; David Aray j cow; John Bratwhait j; Thomas Bratwhait j; John Makareth j; Owen Jakeson ij; Geoffrey Jackeson j heifer; John Jakson j; Robt. Jakeson j; George Bratwhait j; Roger Jakson j; and Robt. Pertrige j; therefore it is ordered by the inquest that each of them amove his cattle before the next court to be held there under pain of forfeiture to the lord for each [beast], 6s. 8d.
The tenants of 30 "cattall" of "nether end of the town" use in like manner the indirect way to the said mill, against pain 6d.; also Roger Birkhead and Roger Aray for the same, 6d.; the tenants of 20 "cattall" at Le Fold for the same, 6d.; Anthony Henrison for using an indirect way at Lynfit, called "a peit way," against pain 6d.
The tenants of Appultwhait who ought to make Bregzeat (fn. 2) (or Bregyeat) have two gaps (8d.) and 2 defects (4d.) in their fences there, 12d.; Christ. Broun has 2 defects in his fence 4d.; Robert Byrkhead and his fellows have one defect in their fence, 2d.; Thomas Coikeson will not hang his gate at his field against pain 4d.; the wife of John Barwick and Robert Barwick for the like, 4d.; Roger Aray for one defect in Ynggarth, 2d.; Thomas Atkynson for the like, 2d.; the tenants of Dromylhead for a gap, 4d.; Thomas Atkynson and Math. Dikeson for one defect between them in their fence at Headdike, 2d.; Math. Dikeson and George Rallandson in like manner at Woundall, 2d.; Anthony Birkhead for one defect in his fence, 2d.; the wife of John Barwick for the like, 2d.
|Thomas Wilson holds a tenement with appurtenances||6||8|
|Relict of Robert Jackson " "||6||8|
|Robert Portage (Partrige ?) " "||7||0|
|William Portage " "||7||0|
|Bernard Brathwhat " "||7||0|
|Thomas Atkynson " "||14||0|
|Thomas Brathwheit " "||7||0|
|Reginald Makrethe " "||8||0|
|Christopher Fyssher " "||7||0|
|William Fyssher " "||8||0|
|John Fyssher " "||7||0|
|Robert Makrethe " "||7||0|
|Thomas Makrethe " "||7||0|
|Relict of John Makrethe " "||7||0|
|Relict of Thomas Macrethe " "||7||0|
|Henry Forest " "||7||0|
|Relict of William Makrethe " "||7||0|
|m. 6d. Adhuc Amylsyde.|
|Robert Jackson " "||7||0|
|Roger Jackson " "||7||0|
|George Jackson " "||7||0|
|Thomas Philipson " "||3||6|
|Robert Jackson " "||14||0|
|Robert Makrethe " "||3||6|
|Relict of Cuthbert Jackson " "||7||0|
|Christopher Jackson " "||7||0|
|Christopher Jakson " "||7||0|
|Relict of Christopher Atkynson " "||7||2|
|Richard Atkynson " "||7||2|
|Ralland Atkynson " "||7||2|
|Relict of Robert Jackson tenement with appurtenances||7||2|
|John Jackson " "||7||2|
|Relict of William Brokbanke " "||7||0|
|John Jackson " "||7||2|
|Relict of Robert Bratwheit " "||£3||5||6|
|Thomas Bratwheit " "||5||1½|
|Relict of Ralland Partrige " "||6||10|
|Thomas Partrige " "||6||10|
|Relict of Robert Partrige " "||3||5|
|Relict of John Partrige " "||10||3|
|Christopher Newton " "||6||10|
|Relict of John Ellys " "||5||1½|
|George Bratwheit " "||13||8|
|Relict of John Makrethe " "||13||8|
|Relict of Oliver Makrethe " "||6||10|
|Relict of John Brathweit " "||8||6½|
|Robert Newton " "||13||8|
|Hugh Newton " "||6||10|
|Robert Newton " "||6||10|
|Robert Forrest " "||6||10|
|Robert Newton " "||6||10|
|Hugh Jackson " "||13||8|
|Relict of Richard Forrest " "||£1||0||8|
|Anthony Forrest " "||6||10|
|Relict of William Ellys " "||5||1½|
|David Ayrey " "||13||8|
|Relict of Matthew Bratwheit " "||6||10|
|Item, the tenants pay for 4 fulling mills yearly||6||8|
|Item, the tenants pay for "lez brige grysse" (fn. 3)||10||0|
|Sum total of the rent there (fn. 4)||£26||13||0|
Memorandum that the said tenants claim to have annexed and adjoined to each tenement of the rent of 6s. 8d., 7 acres of arable and meadow land by divers grants of divers lords, the rent of the mills and "lez Brig grysse" only excepted.
|Renders yearly plus the mill rent.|
|Christopher Browen holds a tenement with appurtenances and render xiiijs. iiijd., et reddit pro molendino ixd.—xiiijs.id.||13||4|
|Christopher Bratwhet holds a tenement with appurt.||13||4|
|George Byrkhed " "||6||8|
|Thomas Browen " "||13||4|
|Relict of William Byrkhed " "||6||8|
|Relict of Matthew Byrkhed " "||6||8|
|Christopher Byrkhed " "||10||0|
|Roger Byrkhed " "||8||8|
|James Byrkhed " "||8||8|
|Robert Byrkhed " "||6||8|
|Roger Ayrey " "||6||8|
|George Ayrey " "||6||8|
|James Watters " "||13||4|
|James Bratwhet " "||6||8|
|Miles Byrkhed " "||6||8|
|Humphrey Byrkhed " "||4||5¼|
|Cuthbert Byrkhed " "||6||8|
|Relict of Stephen Byrkhed " "||6||8|
|Anthony Byrkhed " "||6||8|
|Peter Byrkhed " "||6||8|
|William Byrkhed " "||6||8|
|Thomas Bateman " "||6||8|
|Relict of Gawen Byrkhed " "||6||8|
|Miles Dickson " "||6||8|
|William Richardson " "||13||4|
|Thomas Atkynson " "||13||4|
|Thomas Hodgkynson " "||6||8|
|Robert Willson " "||6||8|
|Relict of Thomas Willson " "||13||4|
|Relict of Thomas Pearson " "||6||8|
|Margaret Cookeson " "||6||8|
|Elizabeth Cookeson " "||6||8|
|John Cookeson " "||6||8|
|James Cookeson " "||6||8|
|Anthony Cookeson " "||13||4|
|Relict of Patrick Byrkhed tenement with appurt.||6||8|
|Christopher Flemynge " "||6||8|
|Relict of Bawdwin Barwik " "||6||8|
|Anthony Barwik " "||6||8|
|Relict of George Rallandson " "||6||8|
|Henry Barwik " "||6||8|
|John Hird " "||6||8|
|Christopher Jele " "||6||8|
|Relict of Miles Byrkhed " "||6||8|
|Relict of Miles Byrkhed (fn. 5) " "||6||8|
|John Byrkhed " "||10||0|
|Thomas Byrkhed " "||10||0|
|Ralland Robinson " "||6||8|
|Miles Barwik " "||6||8|
|Relict of Christopher Barwik " "||10||0|
|George Barwik " "£1||3||4|
|George Barwik " "||6||8|
|Robert Barwik " "||6||8|
|Oliver Barwik " "||10||0|
|James Barwik " "||10||0|
|Relict of Thomas Willson " "||6||8|
|George Barwik pays yearly for 1 acre of "lez Hollinges"||2||2|
|Robert Brykhed " 1 "||2||2|
|Peter Byrkhed " 1 "||2||2|
|John Cookeson " 1 "||2||2|
|Relict of Matthew Byrkhed 2 "||4||6|
|Christopher Byrkhed " ½ "||1||2|
|Roger Byrkhed " ¼ "||6¾|
|James Bratwhet " ½ "||1||4|
|Myles Byrkhed " ¼ "||6|
|Cuthbert Byrkhed " ¼ "||5¼|
|Anthony Cookeson " ½ "||1||2|
|Anthony Cookeson " ½ "||1||2|
|James Cookeson " 1 of "lez Hollingclose"||1||0|
|Robert Byrkhed pays yearly for "lez brigge grysse"||6|
|Christopher Byrkhed " "||6|
|Heirs of Henry Byrkhed " "||6|
|Thomas Browen pays yearly for a mill|
|Sum total of rent there (fn. 6) £53||6||3½|