Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 10, January-June 1536. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1887.
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June 1536, 1-5
Otho. C. x. 278. B.M. Hearne's Sylloge, 147.
|1022. Princess Mary to [Henry VIII.]|
Begs as humbly as child can for his daily blessing—her chief desire
in this world. Acknowledges all her offences since she had first discretion
to offend till this hour, and begs forgiveness. Will submit to him in all
things next to God, "humbly beseeching your Highness to consider that I
am but a woman, and your child, who hath committed her soul only to God,
and her body to be ordered in this world as it shall stand with your
pleasure." Rejoices to hear of the marriage between his Grace and the
Queen now being. Desires leave to wait upon the latter and do her Grace
service. Trusts to Henry's mercy to come into his presence. As he has
always shown pity, "as much or more than any prince christened," hopes he
will show it to his humble and obedient daughter. Prays God to send him a
prince. Hounsdon, 1 June.
|R. O.||2. Copy of the preceding.|
Vit. B. xiv. 220. B. M.
|1023. J[ean de Ponte] to Cromwell.|
|"Juste deprecantibus nichil denegari debet, 1536."—On the 1st June, dined with the vicar of Honniton and another priest, at the house of John Bould, the "Lion," at Dover. There were also present a man named Granger, and the wives of Mr. Nedersolle, Mr. Wrake, and John [Bould]. During dinner a servant of the master of the Maison Dieu, named Tra[sse], came in with news that the day before Madame Anne was beheaded, the tapers at the sepulchre of queen Katharine lighted of themselves, and, after matins, at Deo Gratias, went out; that the King sent 30 men to the abbey where queen Katharine was buried to inquire about it, and the light continued from day to day; that orders would soon be issued to pray for queen Katharine as before, and afterwards a heap of heretics and new inventions would be hanged and burnt, "comme moy qui etoyt ung heretike plus grant de Angletayre, et ung false kenayve que je toys . . . . . . . . . davant que fut gayres je seroys davant le conseyll du Roy, comme ung false kanave que j[etoys];" and that I should mark well what he said. I asked whether he had heard me preach or speak heresy. He said yes, and that I had eaten milk, butter, and eggs. I said I never ate eggs. Then he said I was a false French knave, and should be had before the Council. "De Ponte," 1 June.|
P. S.—I shall be killed of them of the Maison Dieu, and dare not abide
in the chapel. I would not leave without permission of my friends, but I
had rather leave than be killed without deserving it.
Hol., Fr., pp. 2. Add.
|Titus B. i. 358. B. M.||2. English translation of the preceding, from which the name of the writer, and the sense of some of the mutilated passages have been supplied. (This translation is printed in Ellis, First Series, ii. 68.)|
|R. O.||1024. John de Pont to Cromwell. (fn. 1)|
I am in the greatest necessity because the party you know of is very
suspicious that I have betrayed his counsel. I know this from Fitzwilliam
and Beydlle, and he says that I am here in order to thwart him. I have been
a long time here at your commandment. I fear he has the counsel of
Beydlle. I shall be satisfied with whatever pleases the King and you, and
beg you will defend me from the malice of my enemy. I did not expect
to stay here so long before returning to Dover.
Fr., p. 1. Add.: A Mons. le Secretaire du Roy.
|1025. Will. Abbot of York to Cromwell.|
I received your letter, and after the tenor of it I have sent you a
proxy with blank spaces to put in such names as the King thinks convenient.
I send three pasties of red deer. Give credence to my friend, Sir Geo.
Lawson, the bearer. York, 1 June. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Secretary. Endd.
|1026. John Freeman to Cromwell.|
|For the last preferment you got me, there is much business to be taken, and I have no encouragement to do more than my fee—for my auditor it will be worth 100l. more, to me not twelvepence. I shall bring a profitable inventory to the King, worth 1,000l. in one shire, not reckoning Gilbertines nor "sellys," which are 10 houses. Of these I reckon a great part in lead and bells, not including woods. For other moveables, they have left their houses meetly bare, nor can we make them bring all things to light.|
By reasonable handling we please them, and they are more diligent to do
the King's pleasure, and pray for him and for you, with many other good
words I am glad to hear. Though it may be a little unprofitable to the King,
I consider he will have enough, and a little thing pleases them. They are
people of good nature. I beg you will get me some other office nearer home.
I could then sell this for 200 mks., which 200 mks. will come to you.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Mr. Secretary. Endd.
|1027. James Asche, parson of Staunton.|
|Sessions held at Great Malvern, 1 June 28 Hen. VIII., before John Russell, Sir Ric. Lygon, and Rouland Moreton, justices of the peace.|
|John Snede of Staunton, says that on a Sunday in January 27 Hen. VIII. Jas. Asche, parson of Staunton, declared in the pulpit, "that if the King our Sovereign lord did not go forth with his laws as he begon, he would call the King antichrist;" and also that about Lent last, he said, "That the King our Sovereign lord was nought, the Bishops and Abbots nought, and himself nought too." Rauff Malten, Thos. Marten, Wm. Presbury, Wm. Grondy, and Wm. Jackmon confirm this.|
Asshe was bound over to appear before the Council.
Pp. 2. Endd.
|1028. John Bunolt to Cromwell.|
Has sent by Hew Colton a puncheon of wine of Auseroys, to
Rougecross, to be presented to Cromwell, and by the bearer certain bags of
sweet powder. Has also desired Rougecross to open a matter to Cromwell
for one Robert Arneway, the best friend Bunolt has on this side the sea.
Calais, 1 June.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Maister [Se]cretari. Endd.
|1029. Deputy and Council of Ireland to Henry VIII.|
|The Chief Justice and Master of the Rolls arrived on Saturday last. Will carry out the King's instructions. The 7,000l. the King sends is not sufficient for the payment of the arrears of the army, three months of which will remain unpaid. Unless more is sent, everything will be at a stay. Sir John of Dessmonde and all the Englishry of Mounster are combined with O'Brene to hold the earldom of Desmond. Intended to have advanced the army thither in the beginning of the summer, but for lack of money put it off till 25 July.|
Asks for money to pay the army till All Saints next. Most of the
inhabitants of these four shires adhered to Thos. FitzGeralde. Advises the
issue of a commission authorising the Deputy and others to pardon them, on
reasonable fines or otherwise. It is not advisable that the rigour of the law
should be carried further, and rather the inhabiting of the land provided for.
None of the Geraldines should be allowed to come hither again. Dublin,
Signed: Leonard Gray—John Barnewall, your Grace's chaunceler— J. Rawson, p. of Kyllmaynam—Willm. Brabason—Gerald Aylmer, justice— John Alen, Mr. of the Rolles—Thomas Lutterell, justice—Patrik Fynglas, baron.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd.
R. O. St. P. ii. 318.
|1030. The Same to Cromwell.|
|To the same effect.|
The following Acts have been passed in the Parliament: of Succession,
Declaration of Treasons, Attainder of Kildare and others, Supreme Head,
Repeal of Poynings' Act, Act for the earl of Ossory, First-fruits, Resumption
of Norfolk's Lands, &c., Acts of Appeal and Subsidy, and the Resumption of
Leislepe. Dublin, 1 June.
Signed as above, with the addition of: Thomas Houth, justice.
Pp. 3. Add.: Mr. Secretary. Endd.
|Titus, B. ix. 90 b. B. M.||2. The statutes of the Irish Parliament of 28 Hen. VIII. more full than the printed copy.|
|Cap. 1. An Act for the Attainder of the earl of Kildare and others.|
|Cap. 2. An Act for the Succession of the King and Queen Anne.|
|Cap. 3. The Act of Absentees.|
|Cap. 4. The Repeal of Ponynges' Act.|
|Cap. 5. An Act authorising the King, his heirs and successors, to be Supreme Head of the Church of Ireland.|
|Cap. 6. An Act of Appeals.|
|Cap. 7. An Act of Slander.|
|Cap. 8. An Act for First-fruits.|
|Cap. 9. An Act of Dalahide's Lands in Carbrie.|
|Cap. 10. An Act how Persons robbed shall be restored to their Goods.|
|Cap. 11. An Act restraining Tributes to be given to Irishmen.|
|Cap. 12. An Act against Proctors to be any Member of the Parliament.|
|Cap. 13. An Act against Marrying or Fostering with or to Irishmen.|
|Cap. 14. An Act against the Authority of the bishop of Rome.|
|Cap. 15. An Act for the Twentieth Part.|
|Cap. 16. An Act for the English order, habit, and language.|
|Cap. 17. An Act for the Suppression of Abbeys.|
|Cap. 18. An Act for Lading of Wool and Flock.|
|Cap. 19. An Act for the Proof of Testaments.|
|Cap. 20. The Act of Faculties.|
|Cap. 21. An Act declaring the effect of Ponynges' Act.|
|Cap. 22. An Act of Penal Statutes.|
|Cap. 23. An Act for the Weirs upon the Barrowe and other Waters in the county of Kilkenny. (fn. 2)|
|Cap. 24. The Act for the Parsonage of Dongarvan.|
Cap. 25. An Act for Leazers of Corn.
Copy in Elizabethan hand, pp. 73.
R. O. St. P. ii. 322.
|1031. Council of Ireland to Cromwell.|
Lord Leonard has never asked them to write about his behaviour.
Consider him an active, toward, and painful gentleman. Contradict the
report that he rules of his own swing, so that none dare advise him to the
contrary, and that he is treating lady Skeffington unjustly. There is no
division among the Council here. Dublin, 1 June. Signed: John Barnewall, lord Chaunceler—J. Rawson, p. of Kyllmaynam—Willm. Brabason—
Geralde Aylmer, justice—John Alen, Mr. of the Rolles—Thos. Lutterell,
justice—Patrik Fynglas, baron—Thomas Houth, justice.
P. 1. Add.: Mr. Secretary.
|Titus, B. xi. 427. B. M.||1032. Ireland.|
|"The letters written from the Deputy and Council declare":—|
|1. Their want of money, and the consequent hindrance to the King's affairs, the army being yet unpaid for three months, and the 7,000l. lately sent divided among them. They desire furniture of money beforehand till Hallowtide, or else the King's affairs must stay without remedy. 2. That Sir John of Desmonde and O'Bren have combined, and are daily meeting to devise evil against the King's subjects. 3. That none of the Garantynes here (i.e. in England) may return, for the poor people fear them much. 4. They ask for a commission to pardon Thos. Fitzgarald's adherents who are indicted for treason, lest their fears may make them lean to untruth.|
|Succession, Declaration of Treason, Attainder of the earl of Kildare and others, Repeal of Poynings' Act, an Act for the earl of Ossory, First-fruits, Supreme Head, Resumption of the duke of Norfolk's lands, &c. Appeals, Subsidy, Resumption of Leyslepe.|
|ii. Master Brabazon's letters:—|
They contain:—1. An account of 300l. spent by him by the Deputy's
order for men-of-war and other things in the time of Fitzgarald's being there.
2. He advises the King to give away only lands on the frontiers. 3. He
asks for letters of thanks to the Lords and Commons for their conformity in
Parliament. 4. He thinks the houses of religion within the Irishry may be
suffered to stand, but not those of the Borders if they nourish rebels. 5. He
makes great instance for money. 6. He thinks the county of Wexford
should be used as a liberty, and not enforced to repair to Dublin till the
country between be more clear. 7. He desires the farm of the lands apper
taining to the house of Lantony, and would be content to marry Thomas
Fitzgarald's wife, if she were free. 8. The country is in much quietness,
and he highly commends the lord Deputy.
Pp. 2. Endd. Wriothesley's hand.
Corpus Reform. iii., 90.
|1033. Melancthon to John Agricola Islebiensis.|
She (Anne Boleyn) is said to have had connexion with her own
brother and others, and to have conspired the death of the King and another
prince. (fn. 3) Her brother and father have been arrested with her, as well as some
bishops who were cognisant of her plans. See how dreadfully this calamity
will dishonour the King. Such evil has the divorce brought. The daughter
of the former Queen has been restored to her former dignity. What a great
change has suddenly been made.
Corpus Reform. iii., 90.
|1034. Melancthon to Justus Jonas.|
No news about Imperial matters or the war. Frederick, the Count
Palatine, is trying to cross with his army into Denmark. Antonius [Barnes]
writes from England that he is still preaching. It is certain that the Queen
is beheaded. Antonius warns me not to go to England.
Corpus Reform. iv., 1036.
|1035. Melancthon to Wolfgang Bock.|
Has not a copy of Bucer's opinion, and it is not fit that it should be
published yet, as nothing is yet settled about agreement. The matter is to
be referred to more on both sides. He may tell the Prince that there is
good hope of concord, and that Bucer declared the same opinion that he had
previously written to the people of Munster (Monasterienses), and which
some people in Silesia have followed. Thinks the word of revocation should
be avoided; there are many serious things. Does not wish him to disturb
lightly the Prince's mind. Hopes the Prince will be pleased with Bucer's
declaration. The last queen of England has been beheaded in May for
adultery, with others.
Crapelet, Lettres de Henry VIII., 167.
|1036. Anne Boleyn.|
|Poem descriptive of the life of Anne Boleyn, composed at London, 2 June 1536.|
|Speaks of her having first left this country when Mary went to France "to accomplish the alliance of the two Kings." She learned the language from ladies of honor. After Mary's return to England she was retained by Claude and became so accomplished that you would never have thought her an English, but a French woman. She learned to sing and dance, to play the lute and other instruments, and to order her discourse wisely (et ses propos sagement adjancer). She was beautiful and of an elegant figure, and still more attractive in her eyes, which invited to conversation, &c. On her return her eyes fascinated Henry, who made her, first a marchioness, and afterwards Queen, 1 June 1533. Describes the birth and baptism of Elizabeth, the establishment of the royal supremacy, and the death of More and the Carthusians, of which Anne was accused of being the cause. Hence a severe ordinance was issued against any that spoke ill of her; which shut people's mouths when they knew what ought not to be concealed. Meanwhile queen Katharine suffered patiently her degradation and even being separated from her daughter. Anne, on the other hand, had her way in all things; she could go where she pleased, and if perhaps taken with the love of some favored person, she could treat her friends according to her pleasure, owing to the ordinance. But that law could not secure to her lasting friendships, and the King daily cooled in his affection. Anne met with divers ominous occurrences that presaged evil;—first a fire in her chamber, then the King had a fall from horseback which it was thought would prove fatal, and caused her to give premature birth to a dead son. Nevertheless she did not leave off her evil conversation, which at length brought her to shame.|
A lord of the Privy Council seeing clear evidence that his sister loved certain
persons with a dishonorable love, admonished her fraternally. She acknowledged her offence, but said it was little in her case in comparison with that
of the Queen, as he might ascertain from Mark [Smeaton], declaring that
she was guilty of incest with her own brother. The brother did not know
what to do on this intelligence, and took counsel with two friends of the
King, with whom he went to the King himself and one reported it in the
name of all three. The King was astonished, and his color changed at the
revelation, but he thanked the gentlemen. The Queen, meanwhile, took her
pleasure unconscious of the discovery, seeing dogs and animals that day fight
in a park. In the evening there was a ball, and the King treated her as if
he knew no cause of displeasure. But Mark was then in prison and was
forced to answer the accusation against him. Without being tortured he
deliberately said that the Queen had three times yielded to his passion. The
King was thus convinced, but made no show of it, and gave himself up to
enjoyment. Especially on the 1 May, he got up a tournay with several
combatants; among others, my lord of Rocheford, the Queen's brother,
showed his skill in breaking lances and vaulting on horseback. Norris, also,
best loved of the King, presented himself well armed, but his horse refused the
lists and turned away as if conscious of the impending calamity to his master.
The King seeing this, presented Norris with his own horse; who, however,
knew that he could not keep it long. He, Waston (Weston), and Barton
(Brereton) did great feats of arms, and the King showed them great kindness
"dissimulant leur ruyne prochaine." The Queen looked on from a high
place, "et souvent envoioit les doulz regards," to encourage the combatants,
who knew nothing of their danger. Immediately after the tournay archers
were ordered to arrest Norris, and were much astonished and grieved,
considering his virtue and intimacy with the King, that he should have
committed disloyalty. Before he went to prison the King desired to speak
to him, offering to spare his life and goods, although he was guilty, if he
would tell him the truth. But being told the accusation, Norris offered to
maintain the contrary with his body in any place. He was accordingly sent
to the Tower. The Queen was conducted thither next day by the duke
of Norfolk, and her brother also, who said he had well merited his fate.
Waston and Barton followed, and pages also. The city rejoiced on hearing
the report, hoping that the Princess would be restored. The whole town
awaited her coming with delight.
"Et n'eussiez veu jusque aux petis enfans
Que tous chantans et d'aise triumphans.
11 n'y a cueur si triste qui ne rye
En attendant la princesse Marie."
But she did not remove from her lodging, and did not avenge herself by
blaming the Queen when she heard that she was a prisoner; but only wished
she had behaved better to the King, and hoped God would help her,
"Et si sa fille est au Roy, je promectz
Qu'a mon pouvoir ne luy fauldray jamais."
|Here follows a eulogy of the Princess, describing her education in astronomy, mathematics, logic, morals, politics, Latin, Greek, &c. The expectation that she would be restored made the King apprehensive of some commotion; to appease which he caused his thanks to be conveyed to the people for their good will to him and his daughter, but told them they need not be anxious about her return, for they would shortly be satisfied. The joy of the people on this was converted into sorrow and they dispersed (et confuz s'en partit).|
The Queen, meanwhile, having no further hope in this world, would
"Riens ne confesse, et ne resiste fort Comme voulant presque estre délivre De vivre icy, pour aulz cieulz aller vivre; Et l'espoir tant en icelle surmonte, Que de la mort ne tient plus aucun compte."
|But she did not give up her greatness, but spoke to the lords as a mistress. Those who came to interrogate were astonished. They afterwards went to Rochford, who said he knew that death awaited him and would say the truth, but raising his eyes to Heaven denied the accusations against him. They next went to Norris, Waston, and Barton, who all likewise refused to confess, except Mark, who had done so already. The King ordered the trial at Westminster, which was held after the manner of the country.|
|Description of the process of indictment and how the archers of the guard turn the back [of the axe] (fn. 4) to the prisoners in going, but after sentence of guilty the edge is turned towards their faces; the trial at Westminster; the verdict; whereupon suddenly the axe was turned towards them; and the sentence. Everyone was moved at their misfortune, especially at the case of Waston, who was young and of old lineage and high accomplishments; but no one dared plead for him, except his mother, who, oppressed with grief, petitioned the King, and his wife, who offered rents and goods for his deliverance. But the King was determined the sentence should be carried out. If money could have availed, the fine would have been 100,000 crowns.|
|Rochford was not tried at Westminster, but at the Tower, with the Queen. His calm behaviour, and good defence. More himself did not reply better. The judges at first were of different opinions, but at last one view overturned the other and they were unanimous. The duke of Norfolk as president, though maternal uncle of the accused, asked them if he was guilty or not, and one replied guilty. Rochford then merely requested the judges that they would ask the King to pay his debts. The Queen then was summoned by an usher. She seemed unmoved as a stock, and came away with her young ladies, not as one who had to defend her cause but with the bearing of one coming to great honor. She returned the salutations of the lords with her accustomed politeness, and took her seat. She defended herself soberly against the charges, her face saying more for her than her words; for she said little, but no one to look at her would have thought her guilty. In the end the judges said she must resign her crown to their hands; which she did at once without resistance, but protested she had never misconducted herself towards the King. She was then degraded from all her titles,—countess, marchioness, and princess, which she said she gave up willingly to the King who had conferred them. Sentence of death, either by sword or fire, at the pleasure of the King, was pronounced by Norfolk. Her face did not change, but she appealed to God whether the sentence was deserved; then turning to the judges, said she would not dispute with them, but believed there was some other reason for which she was condemned than the cause alleged, of which her conscience acquitted her, as she had always been faithful to the King. But she did not say this to preserve her life, for she was quite prepared to die. Her speech made even her bitterest enemies pity her.|
|Meanwhile the prisoners prepared to die and took the Sacrament. Description of the execution of Rochford, with his dying speech, not unlike the version given in No. 1107. The other four said nothing, as if they had commissioned Rochford to speak for them, except Mark, who persisted in what he said that he was justly punished for his misdeeds.|
|The Queen, in expectation of her last day, took the Sacrament. Then the day of her death was announced to her, at which she was more joyful than before. She asked about the patience shown by her brother and the others; but when told that Mark confessed that he had merited his death, her face changed somewhat. "Did he not exonerate me," she said, "before he died, of the public infamy he laid on me? Alas! I fear his soul will suffer for it."|
|Next day, expecting her end, she desired that no one would trouble her devotions that morning. But when the appointed hour passed she was disappointed,—not that she desired death, but thought herself prepared to die and feared that delay would weaken her. She, however, consoled her ladies several times, telling them that was not a thing to be regretted by Christians, and she hoped to be quit of all unhappiness, with various other good counsels. When the captain came to tell her the hour approached and that she should make ready, she bade him for his part see to acquit himself of his charge, for she had been long prepared. So she went to the place of execution with an untroubled countenance. Her face and complexion never were so beautiful. She gracefully addressed the people from the scaffold with a voice somewhat overcome by weakness, but which gathered strength as she went on. She begged her hearers to forgive her if she had not used them all with becoming gentleness, and asked for their prayers. It was needless, she said, to relate why she was there, but she prayed the Judge of all the world to have compassion on those who had condemned her, and she begged them to pray for the King, in whom she had always found great kindness, fear of God, and love of his subjects. The spectators could not refrain from tears. She herself having put off her white collar and hood that the blow might not be impeded, knelt, and said several times "O Christ, receive my spirit !"|
|One of her ladies in tears came forward to do the last office and cover her face with a linen cloth. The executioner then, himself distressed, divided her neck at a blow. The head and body were taken up by the ladies, whom you would have thought bereft of their souls, such was their weakness; but fearing to let their mistress be touched by unworthy hands, forced themselves to do so. Half dead themselves, they carried the body, wrapped in a white covering, to the place of burial within the Tower. Her brother was buried beside her, Weston and Norris after them. Barton and Mark also were buried together (en ung couble).|
The ladies were then as sheep without a shepherd, but it will not be long
before they meet with their former treatment, because already the King has
taken a fancy to a choice lady. And hereby, Monseigneur, is accomplished
a great part of a certain prophecy which is believed to be true, because
nothing notable has happened which it has not foretold. Other great things
yet are predicted of which the people are assured. If I see them take
place I will let you know, for never were such news. People say it is the
year of marvels.
|1037. John Gostwyk to Cromwell.|
On Monday last I took possession of the manor of Kempston. The
tenants there are now the King's tenants, at which they rejoice, for they
had been ill treated by Reynold Grey, and especially by his wife, "which
was a very limb of the devil of hell." Give credence to my fellow Candysshe.
If you speak with Sir Walter Luke on your coming to London, he will
instruct you fully that the King has good title to this lordship. I understand
that Sir Will. Fitzwilliam, late treasurer of my Lord's household, has bought
the same lordship since the death of Mr. Grey, of Mr. Dormer and Grey's
son-in-law, whereof I am very glad, for I trust he shall be the first that shall
go without it. Give Mrs. Grey strict commandment not to interfere with
the King's tenants. Wyllyngton, 2 June.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.: Secretary. Sealed. Endd.
|1038. Sir Will. Goryng to Cromwell.|
I beg that Master Chancellor of the Augmentation may be so informed
that the Commissioners be not troubled in viewing my priory, as it is not
touched in the statute, as I have been seised of it two years at Michaelmas,
with all the lands. I will send you the writings for your approval. I pay
the King 6s. 8d. a year for every five marks of the same. If I had an Act
of Parliament I should avoid all trouble. As to the letter my lord Matravers
wrote to you, if the confession of Foster and himself were well examined,
many things might come to light. Bortton, 2 June.
Hol., p. 1. Add.. Secretary.
|R. O.||1039. Sir Will. Goryng to Lord Maltravers.|
This Monday, about 11 a.m., when your Lordship left my house, my
servant, John Gyfford, came from Mr. Secretary and brought you and me
an answer by word of mouth. This answer is uncertain, or my servant had
too little wit to bring it. He said that Mr. Polsted showed him that your
Lordship and I should send him up, but whether he means the informer or the
other I cannot tell. Please to speak to Mr. Secretary. If it be the informer,
he is at London. Others of the household know as well as the informer.
From Burtton in haste.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.
|1040. Wardon Abbey, Beds.|
|Indenture of lease by the abbot and convent to the master and college of Norryhell, Beds, of the wood called Drewswood in Norriheill, for 40 years, at a rent of 10s.; with conditions binding the college to enclose and hedge it. Dated Wardon, 2 June 28 Henry VIII. Fragment of seal attached.|
Lease by Thos. Pyckham, cofferer to the King, to John Bothe,
citizen and merchant tailor of London, of his mease or ferme called Hegh
Grevehous, in the lordship of Echelles, co. Chester, for 40 years at a rent of
25s. Dated 2 June 28 Hen. VIII.
Draft. Large paper. Pp. 3. Endd.
Vit., B. xxi. 223. B. M.
|1042. The Emperor's Preparations.|
|"Cont . . . . . . . . . . . . . whom he . . . . . . . . . . . gathering the . . . . . . . . . to say of entret . . . . . . . wisheth that his High[ness] . . . . . . . . . perfite amity.|
|"The countie of Bonavilla is . . . . . . . . who before served the French king.|
|"31 May. The Emperor's camp will be 60,000 footmen, out of . . . . . . cometh 30,000 horsemen, and 1,000 ho[rses] to draw the gross artillery. Item. A. de Le . . . . . (fn. 5) camp is 27,000 men. Genoa lendeth the Emperor 33 great piece[s] of artillery, and the duke of Mantua lende[th] him all that he hath.|
|"The marquis of Saluce offereth his service [to] the Emperor and is not accepted. Caninus also [with] 7,000 men is dispersed and put under foot.|
|"The names of the noblemen in . . . . . . in the Emperor's army. [The Princes] of Melf, Besinano, Salerno, Salmona. . . . . Dukes of Baviers, Mantua, Alba, Brunswyk, Brand[enburg] . . . . . . * * * . . illey."|
|It is said the Emperor intends to invade France in three places.|
|To Master Secretary, 31 May. He desires him to be good to Pole and Wilson, and commends them highly.|
To Master Secretary, 2 June. He would be loath the King should have
married in the French race, for they have been trained with the queen of
Pp. 2. Mutilated.
Add. MS. 28,588, f. 284. B. M.
|1043. Dr. Ortiz to the Empress.|
|The prayers of the late queen of England and the Holy Martyrs have prevailed. The King's mistress had six lovers, one being her own brother. Another, a musician, seeing that he was less favoured, discovered the fact to the King, first asking for pardon and his life. Now they are all taken it is found to be true. Her father, who was innocent, approved her condemnation. She was sentenced, first to be degraded from being Queen, then beheaded and burnt, seeing the others suffer the same death, with the exception of the one who revealed the crime. It was proved at the trial that she had behaved in this way before the conception of the child which the King thought to be his. It is intended to declare the child not to be the King's. Images have been restored and purgatory is preached again.|
|The cardinal of Burgos told him that a saint, who was martyred at the beginning of her tyrannical exaltation, prophesied that Anne would be burnt to death.|
It is said that the process against her states that she poisoned the Queen.
The King is enamoured of another lady. Rome, 2 June 1536.
Sp., pp. 3. Modern copy.
Add. MS. 28,588, f. 286. B.M.
|1044. [Hannart] to the Empress.|
|Wrote last on the 27th ult. * * * Supposes the Empress has heard how Ana de Bolan has been sent to the Tower with her brother "el conde de Sefort" (Rochford), and three other gentlemen of the King's chamber, named Norris, Wasten, and Brecton, and an organist. On the 16th they were publicly beheaded for adultery with the Queen and conspiracy against the King. The Queen's head and body were taken to a church in the Tower, accompanied by four ladies. The other bodies were quartered. It is now said that her pretended daughter was taken from poor parents.|
The king of Scotland seems to be putting off his marriage with the
daughter of the duke of Vendome. De Leon Solarrona (Lyons), 2 June
Sp., pp. 5. Modern copy.
|1045. Edward Dudley (fn. 6) to Cromwell.|
I thank you much for your goodness showed to me at all times when
I have been a suitor to you, to whom I owe all my promotion. In consequence of the misfortune that has lately happened in England I am likely
to lose the service to which you promoted me. Though it was little, it was
more to be trusted to than the captainship that I have here. Unless it
please you to have so poor a wretch as I am in remembrance I am in ill
case. I am as much beholden to you as to my father and mother, and, had
it not been for your compassion, I must have sought my living from door to
door. You know how my lord my father has dealt with me concerning mine
inheritance, and how I am hampered to my great rebuke and shame, unless I
am helped by you. I trust you will be the better to me in all my petitions,
considering that I am under my lord my uncle, the King's deputy. If I
must forego my living that I had by my old mistress to whom you put me,
I pray you will intercede with the King or some other in recompense
thereof. Dublin, Whitsun eve.
Hol., pp. 3. Add.: Secretary.
|1046. Ric. Price, Abbot of Conway, to Cromwell.|
I thank you for your goodness, especially for your patience in suffering my brother, Dr. Elles, in his importunate suit for my poor house. I
have had, however, but small comfort to the undoing of me and certain of
my poorer kinsmen, unless you help me. If you can save this house by a
proviso at this present Parliament, or a special licence from the King's
grace, you shall have such a pension as this house can sustain, with our
prayers, under the chapter seal, on such lives as you can devise. If the
house cannot be saved (which God forbid), I beg that one of my poor
brethren may be the King's farmer of the house before any other. For my
own living, I doubt not but I shall be honestly treated at your hands. Our
debts, 180l. for first-fruits to the King, 17l. pension for the tenths, 9l. for
the "condame" (quondam abbot?) during his life. I keep 40 persons,
besides poor people and strangers, at no small cost this dear year, when corn
is so scant in these parts. My costs in obtaining the house I remit to you.
I have not received any profits, but have borrowed of my poor brethren,
being within age, 200l., with the consent of my master's executors. If I lose
my promotion they are undone, and so am I. 3 June.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.: Secretary. Endd.
|1047. Sir John Russell to Lord Lisle.|
I presented the King with the cherries in my lady's name, and he
thanks both you and her. I also delivered your letter to the King, who
commanded Mr. Secretary to read it. Mr. Secretary said he would do anything for your Lordship that he could, and I think you are much bound to
him. I cannot tell what will be the effect of your letter. I told the King
the news of what was between the French and the Flemings, and how the
captain of Gralyng took two Gascon merchants. Word came by Rokewood
to Robert Semer that war was proclaimed between Flanders and France,
but I informed the King that it was not true, as I was sure you would write
me that with other news. On Friday last the Queen sat abroad as Queen,
and was served by her own servants, who were sworn that same day. The
King came in his great boat to Greenwich that day with his privy chamber,
and the Queen and the ladies in the great barge. I assure you she is as
gentle a lady as ever I knew, and as fair a Queen as any in Christendom.
"The King hath come out of hell into heaven for the gentleness in this and
the cursedness and the unhappiness in the other." You would do well to
write to the King again that you rejoice he is so well matched with
so gracious a woman as is reported. This will please the King. I thank
you for your present. Greenwich, Whitsun even. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add.: Deputy of Calais. Endd.
|R. O. St. P. ii. 323.||1048. [Robert Cowley] to Cromwell.|
|Intends to make a little treatise concerning the "readopting" of the King's dominion in Ireland and attaining further possessions never had. The law should be executed against those within the pale who were wilfully confederate with the traitor. Burnell of Balgriffin, Talbot of Durdestow, Fele of Paynstow, Delahide of Moyclare, Boys of the Calcagh, Leyns of the Cnok, Garland in Uriell, Thos. and Ric. Dillon, and others are attainted. Others in the Marches should have better favor showed, but yet to smart. It is the common opinion that the English subjects should be first reformed by the abolition of coyne and livery and the execution of the laws. Advises the resumption of the King's manors, &c.; the appointment of justices in every shire; monthly musters, and provision on the Marches for resisting the Irishry; but coyne and livery cannot be put down among the English while the Irish are able to maintain men by those means to distress them. The army should march into O'Conor's country and build there three or four holds or piles, first taking hostages of his neighbours.|
|If all the Irish join O'Conor several armies will be necessary, and the enterprise should be begun upon O'Byrne. Wyclo, Arclo, &c. should be repaired and inhabited, a town built in the Fasagh of Bentree, and thus Leinster be made clear English. Another army of 1,000 men must repair and inhabit the towns in Ulster. The baron of Delvyn and his son, with 600 men, to be occupied in winning Alone and making war on O'Melaghglyn, McGoghegan, and others. The earl of Ossory and his son to win O'Dwyre's castles, the Enagh, O'Bryne's Bridge, and Bon Raytte Castle on the water of Limerick, and to inhabit Clare.|
The Bourkes of Clanricard say that they are of the King's blood, and hate
the Irishry, and, if they will acquit themselves well, it were good to accept
them. They may be set against O'Kelly and O'Maddeyn. The English in
Munster must make war on Cormok Ogg, McCarthy More, McCarthy
Reogh, and O'Conor of Kery. Archers on horseback and mounted spearmen
are most meet for Ireland. O'Karrell and O'More should be induced to be
leaders against the other Irish. These devices should be begun next
In Robert Cowley's hand. Pp. 10. Headed: To etc. Master Thos. Crumwell, Principal Secretary and Councillor to the King's most excellent Highness.
|R. O. St. P. ii. 328.||1049. [R. Cowley] to Cromwell.|
|Has omitted certain points in his other books which he last delivered to Cromwell.|
Approves of the custom in the North of England by which each farmer is
bound to be ready with horse and weapon, while in Ireland they only bear
men of war at their charges. Offers of submission from the Irishry should
be accepted, but the King should "inhabit" their country. The living of
the Irishry consists in their corn and cattle, and, if they are taken away,
they are past for ever to recover or yet noy any subject in Ireland, and this
will be the effect of the wars advocated by him. O'Conor must be sharply
attacked, and O'More stimulated to do his devoir against him by promising
him the same wages that O'Conor has had if he is driven away.
In R. Cowley's hand, pp. 3.
Add. MS. 19,865, f. 3 b. B. M.
|1050. Henry VIII. to Lord Leonard Grey, Lord Deputy of Ireland, and the Council.|
Desires them to show favor to Edmund Sexten, sewer of the chamber,
Mayor of Limerick, and to consult him at their repair into those parts
concerning the reduction of the inhabitants, &c. Westm., 3 June.
Modern copy, p. 1.
|R. O. St. P. ii. 330.||1051. Cromwell to the Deputy and Council of Ireland.|
The King thanks Brabazon for his labour in passing the Acts of
Parliament. If the Act of Succession is not passed thoroughly it must be
stayed till further knowledge of the King's pleasure. The King sends
Wm. Body with instructions. Brabazon is to pay to Body the revenues of
the archbishopric of Dublin since Michaelmas, which the King has given to
the archbishop. Signed.
P. 1. Endd.: A minute of a letter to my lord Leonard and other the King's Council in Ireland.
|R. O.||2. A remembrance to William Body concerning his journey into Ireland.|
He is to deliver the letters in his charge with [Cromwell's] recommendations
to the Deputy and Council. As the King has spent 40,000l. in Thos. Fitzgarrat's rebellion, he wishes some direction to be taken for the yearly payment
of a revenue to repress such attemptates, and has written to the Deputy and
Council and the Houses of Parliament to devise how it may take effect.
Body is to inquire what has been done, and note it in writing.
Pp. 2. Endd.
|Despatched into Ireland 3 June Ao 28, by Cowley.|
|The King's letters to the lord Deputy, to the whole Council, to the lords of Parliament, and to the Commons. "My letters" (Cromwell's) to the Deputy, Ossory, Lord Butler, the Treasurer of the Wars, Aylmer and Alen.|
|A letter to Gostwyk for the payment of 40 mks. to Edm. Sexten and Robt. Cowley, for the King's reward. Prows' bill delivered to Robt. Cowley.|
|ii. By E. Sexten.|
|Letters to Mak Morishe, Jas. Fitzjohn of Desmond, Okon Kery, Donough O'Brien, Theobald Bourke, the Lord Deputy, Sir John of Desmonde, McA Brien Arra, the Mayor and Council of Limerick, O'Brien, and Morough O'Brien.|
A placard to take up 20 men for the war for Laurence Towneleye.
In Cromwell's hand, p. 1. Endd.
|1053. Thomas Prior of Christchurch, Canterbury, to Cromwell.|
Has received his letters by John Antony, and a writing under my
lord of Canterbury's seal for an annuity he has given to Cromwell for the
term of his life. Confirm it under their convent seal as he desires. Begs
he may be excused from attending Convocation, as he is old and weak.
Will obey his request for a farm for his servant Thos. Bartlett, and also for
John Antony. Canterbury, Sunday, 4 June. Signed.
P. 1. Add.; Secretary. Endd.
|1054. Anthony Aucher to Cromwell.|
Has received his letter by Nich. Myllis, pewterer, to whom he has
shown all the bells and other metal in the monasteries. There are 10,
besides a small bell which was at Devenyngton. Cromwell had better
arrange the price with himself, as Aucher is not skilled in such things.
Will cause them to be taken down and sent to London with all speed.
Thinks the lead worth 500 marks at least. The cloister, which is 600 ft. in
compass and 16 broad, could easily be taken down, and the "dortar" also—
a great house with a deep roof. The rest of the church with the "querey"
is 300 ft. long at least, with two "ilees" (aisles) "and the crosse pase almost
as long as the church, and in all places a 60 ft. broad." Thinks there
is 30l. worth of lead at Langdon, for the chancel and two aisles are all
leaded. Swyngkfelde, Ascension Day, (fn. 7) 4 June.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Master Thomas Cromwell, Esq., High Secretary, &c. Endd.
|1055. John Thomson, Master of the Maison Dieu, to Cromwell.|
|The King's works at Dover go on well, for the north jetty is built 380 feet, and it is filled and couched with hard rock 18 ft. high and 250 in length, well replenished with stone in every part. The harbour is cleaned, so that mariners will not fear to bring in a ship of war of seven or eight score at full sea.|
The danger of the pebble stones is expulsed, so that Frenchmen and
Flemings report it to be the best harbour in England or France, and
daily resort there. I beg you will continue your good mind towards
furthering it. The south jetty, as I have advertised you, is set forth 500 ft.,
and we have built 30 ft. more. A "molle" of 200 ft. and a half is begun
near the south jetty. Dover, Whitsunday.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Mr. Secretary. Endd.
|R. O.||1056. John Gylbart to Mr. Whalley.|
I received your commandment of Mr. Davy. And whereas you are
informed that I do not regard you or the King's service, let my accusers
be put to their proof. I beseech you to receive my poor heart, which is
at your service. Many would be glad that you and I should be at variance.
As to the grudge you bear me for my lands, I will say now, as I have
said ever, "Let two or three men of the country, who know the pedigree
of both parties, see both titles, and I will stand to their award."
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Mr. Whalle, Controller of the King's mint and paymaster of the King's works at Dover. Sealed. Endd.
|1057. Henry Earl of Essex to Lord Lisle.|
I beg your help for wine and fowl against the King's going on his
progress into Essex; but, except I may pay for it, I will never send to
you for more. London, 4 June. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: My lord Viscount Lisle, deputy of Calais.
|1058. J. Husee to Lord Lisle.|
Mr. Russell delivered your letter to the King in Mr. Secretary's
presence, and declared your mind concerning the contents. Mr. Secretary
was commanded to open and read the letter, and afterwards communed
with the King a pretty space. I have since spoken with Mr. Secretary,
urging him to keep you in remembrance, which he says he has done. He
promises to show me more of his mind in three days, so by tomorrow or
Tuesday I hope to know what he will say thereto. Undoubtedly he can do
much good if he will be earnest as your friend. I wish his wine were
had in remembrance. I wish your Lordship had Bewley, but I think it
would be time lost to sue for it. If you would name one or two in Hampshire or Wiltshire, I have no fear but the King would soon know your
mind. St. Mary's in Winchester, I am told, unless great friendship stay
it, is like to be of the number. I am told Waberley is a pretty thing.
I think your suit will not be frustrate if you let me know your mind and
write to Hennage. Your counsel wish the proviso not to be spoken of.
I will not forget Mr. Page for your nag. I have bought for my lady 14 yds.
Lukes velvet; Skut will have no less. I hope she will have it before
Corpus Christi Day. (fn. 8) I have also bought your Lordship ½ cwt. of ling
and 1 cwt. haberdeyn. I have received 60l. that Mr. Seymour paid
Mr. Wynsor, and have paid the parson of St. Martin's, your grocer and
chandler, my lady's velvet, and the fish, in what manner I will write by
him that brings my lady's gown. I send you by bearer a satin undercap,
with two linings. By Fyssher I sent you two pair of hosen with your
proxy, which I look for every day, with an answer to such letters as I sent
by him. Mr. Treasurer promises to move the King in Snowden's behalf.
Mr. Whethill knelt before the King yesterday, I think for the same matter.
I moved Mr. Treasurer for my check, showing that I was here on your
affairs, and stood in continual danger of my wages by the Act; but he
said your Lordship could protect me. Please write to Mr. Treasurer to write
to the Controller and Treasurer there about it. I have been asked by one
or two for money on your Lordship's behalf for the King's subsidy. Vycars,
your late servant, begs you to write a letter to his father declaring the
cause of his departure, else his father will never take him for his son. London,
Hol., pp. 2. Add.
|1059. John Husee to Lady Lisle.|
|I received your two letters by Petly and Goodall. Petly had presented both his presents before I saw him, for he came at 10, and I did not see him till 6 p.m. Goodall is an honest man, to whom I have shown a piece of my mind. I gave Mr. Treasurer your commendations, and told him of the piece of wine you sent him, for which he was very grateful. He says the King is determined to be about his house most part of the progress. Your friends advise that no further motion be made about the proviso; but at lord Daubeney's coming I will show him of Calstock and Lankessy, and if he cannot prove that the annuity of 26s. 8d. was assured to Mr. Basset and his heirs I think he will find it little for his profit, for then he has broken covenants. I trust Geo. Rolles will show himself a true man. I think if my Lord wrote to Mr. Treasurer about my check, the matter would be soon at a point. I delivered Mr. Skut your letter. There is no remedy about your gown till after the holidays. He requires 14 yards, which I have bought of Lukes velvet. I hope you will have it by Corpus Christi Day. I have also received 60l. of Mr. Wynsor. How it has been laid out you will know by him who brings your gown. For your bonnet or cap the skinner demands 13s. 4d. I little thought Petley would have delivered your Ladyship's letter to my Lord. Here were cherries enough at 3d. per 1b. before your first cherries came. I have received none of the other liveries you wrote of before, but Mr. Degory's I have, of Mr. Colton. Mr. Skut was sick when your gowns were mended. You will receive by Petley six pair of gloves. The frontlet cost 13 groats; it is very good velvet. Mr. Basset is merry. I will cause him to be here on the morrow of Corpus Christi Day. You may then remember him with money, and Mr. Sulyard with quails. London, 4 June.|
Here is a great triumphant court, and many ancient ladies and gentlemen
Hol., pp. 2. Add.
Corpus Reform., iii. 85.
|1060. Melancthon to Justus Jonas.|
Was obliged to reply suddenly to the courier of Christopher, the
Englishman. Thanks for sending news of the beginning of the meeting. (fn. 9)
Asks what Bucer, Capito, and others, have talked about. Die Pentecostes.
1061. Sir Edward Seymour Viscount Beauchamp.
See Grants in June, Nos. 4, 5, and 6.
|1062. Nich. [Shaxton], Bishop of Salisbury, to Cromwell.|
As Mr. Dudley (fn. 10) is dead, I send you the collation of his dignity, to
which I am informed you have pleased to advance my chancellor.
Remmesbury, 5 June.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Secretary. Endd.
|1063. [Katharine Blunt] to Cromwell.|
When the writ came to the sheriffs of Shropshire to choose the
knights for the Parliament, some of the worshipful and the justices wished
her to labour that her son George Blount should be one of them, which
she did, he being at Court. The shire did not want the election held at
Shrewsbury as the plague reigned there, but the Sheriff would have it so
that the inhabitants, burgesses, with the franchise of the town, might choose
one Trentham, and so they assembled themselves riotously that the
worshipful of the shire were not content, saying their voice cannot be
heard, and had much ado to keep the King's peace. Whereupon they
titled their names and went to the Sheriff, willing him to return George
Blount, for they would have no other; but in any wise he would not, because
the undersheriff is a dweller in the said town; and then the gentlemen
delivered their names to this bearer, an honest gentleman, to make report.
Begs him to be good master to her son. Knyghtley, 5 June. Not signed.
P. 1. Add.: Master Secretary. Endd.: A letter without any name. Sealed.
|1064. Wm. Lord Sandys to Lady Lisle.|
Asks her to further the request contained in his letter to lord Lisle. (fn. 11)
Is without French wine, having been here but a short time to make provisions. Sent his servant last week to a merchant in Calais, who promised
him four tuns, and sent Wm. a Chambre yesterday for the wine, but the
merchant refuses to deliver it unless he will take it all. As there is a statute
that victuallers shall not be compelled to sell but at their pleasure, Sandys
thinks it reasonable they should keep their promises. Unless this house
is victualled, it will be in great danger. Guysnes, 5 June. Signed.
P. 1. Add.
|1065. Thomas Mynternus to Cromwell.|
A complimentary letter. Paris, nonis Junii.
Lat., p. 1. Add. in a different hand: Privy Seal. (fn. 12) Endd. June viii.
|1066. Peter Rede to Sir John Wallop.|
His hawks are "in gud lykyng," but his master has been unable to
get anyone to convey them to Lyons. There will be an opportunity when
the French ambassador (fn. 13) returns, if this war continues. Ast, 5 June.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: To the right honorable Sir John Wallop, knight and ambassador to [the] King's highness in the court of France. Endd.
|1067. Card. Campeggio to Tunstall.|
Credence for his brother, Mark Antony Campeggio, whom he sends
to England on business. Rome, 5 June 1536. Signed.
Lat., p. 1. Add. Endd.
R. O. St. P. vii. 657.
|1068. Campeggio to the Duke of Suffolk.|
Desires credence for his brother, Marc Antony. Rome, 5 June