Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 16, 1540-1541. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1898.
This free content was digitised by double rekeying and sponsored by the Arts and Humanities Research Council. All rights reserved.
September 1540, 26–30
|26 Sept.||76. The Privy Council.|
|Meeting at Ampthill, 26 Sept. Present: Gt. Chamb., Gt. Admiral, Durham, Treasurer, Mr. of Horse, Wriothesley, Chanc. of Augm. Business:—Thos. Smith, of Bedford, examined of his affray with — Gybbes and Wm. Olyver, yeomen of the Guard. Thos. Fulgham delivered a written answer to Thos. Huett's complaint. Letters sent to the customers and controller of the port of London to certify the custom or subsidy due for lead, upon a complaint by the French ambassador against the searcher of London. Letters sent under stamp to the bailiffs of St. Alban's to send a fellow suspected of robbing a stranger “unto whom he was guide.”|
|26 Sept.||77. Henry VIII. to Sentleger.|
St. P., iii. 245.
Has received his letters of the 12th, with copy of conditions taken with the Cavenaghes. Money shall be sent with speed. The Cavanaghes' country to be reduced to perfect obedience; wherein Ormond should do good service. The prior of Kilmainham shall be viscount Clontaff, with an annuity of 10l. The Council to take order for the maintenance of the King's houses so that money shall not be wasted.
A. (fn. 1)—Books of accusations have been presented against Lord Leonard Gray, whereof part are already subscribed by you and part proceed from Ormond and other private persons, and are not fully expressed in the book “whereunto your hands be subscribed.” Sends notable extracts out of all the said books for them to sign the articles they know to be true, and take depositions where necessary. Requires them to signify any other misbehaviours of the said Lord Leonard before Halontide.
B. (fn. 1)—Upon any signal victory over the Irish, such as that over the Cavenaghes, roads should be cut through their countries and they bound to maintain them, and their heads bound to use the English habit.
Draft, pp. 8. Endd.: Minute to the Deputy of Ireland, 26 Sept.
2. “Special articles and objections alleged against the Lord Leonard which ben very necessary to be enquired on by the Council in Ireland.”
[A brief statement of the following accusations which will be found fully described elsewhere in this volume, viz.:—]
Treasons alleged by the Council of Ireland:—
1. Disarming of the baron of Delvyn and others in Ofaylley. 2. Release of Cahir Mac Art and Tybbot Fitzpiers. 3. Asbold. 4. Release of persons suspected of treason. 5. Artillery left in Galway. 6. Geraldine advisers. 7. Trust in Gerrard Mak Gerrard, a false traitor.
Articles of treason objected by the earl of Ormond and Asserige:—
1. Traitors animated to offend Ormond. 2. Ferganamyn, son-in-law to Kildare. 3. Ejectment of Ormond's tenants from Moderhering Castle. 4. Crome and Adare given to Desmond for assisting young Gerald; and Conogher, an arrant traitor, made constable of Adare. 5. OBrien. 6. The Ulluc (fn. 2) who conveyed young Gerald. 7. O'More's sons encouraged; 8, maintained; and 9, defended. 10. Leurous suffered to depart. 11. Young Gerald and Leurous suffered to remain in Kildare. 12. Robt. Walshe. 13. Advancement of Fergananym and the Geraldines. 14. Desmond's rebellion suggested by Gray. 15. O'Brien's eldest son robbed. 16. Persecution of the Butlers. 17. Friend and “gossop” of O'Neil. 18. Maguire's Castle. 19. Dean of Derry. 20. OConnor's eldest son, Rory O'More and other hostages released. 21. Two great faucons left with OConnor. 22. Custody of hostages given to OConnor, 23. Procuring Irishmen to rob the King's subjects.
Pp. 5. In Sir R. Riche's hand with his heading on a fly leaf, as above.
|26 Sept.||78. Henry VIII. to Sentleger.|
St. P. iii. 247.
Sends other letters which may be shown to the whole Council there. Thanks for advertisement to his secretaries touching Ormond, to whom the King now writes (copy enclosed). Has great trust in Ormond; but his large possessions and influence may make him grow to “like surquedy and pride as other have done of late days” there. To prevent this the corner inhabited by the Cavenaghes, Toles, and Bryunes must be entirely reduced. Sentleger must also see what castles he has of the King which ought to be in the King's own hands and move him frankly to resign them. (Here follows the last paragraph of the previous letter with a note in the margin to show it is to be taken there.)
Draft, in Wriothesley's hand, pp. 7. Endd.: Minute to Mr. St. Leger, 26 Sept.
|26 Sept.||79. Henry VIII. to Ormond.|
Thanks him for his services in the journey against the Cavanaghes of which the Deputy has written since his arrival there. Intends to reduce that corner to perfect obedience, and seeing, by the “platt” of the land, that no one can do more therein than Ormond, urges him to apply himself thereto.
Draft, in Wriothesley's hand, pp. 2. Endd.. Minute to the earl of Ormond, 26 Sept.
|26 Sept.||80. The Nuncio Poggio to Cardinal Farnese.|
* * * *
Lately there has been a dispute here with the king of England who has prohibited Flemish ships from carrying merchandise out of England. (fn. 3) Found Mons. de Granvela very angry at it, threatening to stop commerce. Knows not what will happen, but every day they stand worse with that King.
Nothing is thought of but the [Emperor's] departure hence, to visit this country, and go on to Ratisbon, and thence to Italy and Spain.
* * * *
Brussels, 26 Sept. 1540.
Italian. Modern extract (from a Vatican MS.), p. 1.
|27 Sept.||81. The Privy Council.|
|Meeting at Ampthill, 27 Sept. Present: Gt. Chamb., Gt. Admiral, Durham, Treasurer, Mr. of Horse, Wriothesley, Chanc. of Augm. Business:—Thos. Fulgham committed to ward till he found sureties for the peace. Smith, not being found so much in fault as Gybbes and Olyver, released.|
|27 Sept.||82. Wallop to Henry VIII.|
St. P., viii.
Has seen the French king again about Blancherose, pursuant to the King's letters of the 16th, by Francisco (argument detailed).
He answered that when the Chancellor and Card. Tornon examined the fellow he said he was born in Orleans, as the Constable was commanded to show. Told him of his coming to him and Carne to ask for the King's pardon, confessing that he was born in Wales; and that he spoke bad French and good English. Francis repeated that it was reported to him that the man was born in Orleans, and promised to deliver him if it was proved he was English. Made several efforts to get a letter from Francis on the subject, without success; first applying to the King himself, then to the Constable who left or Chantilly, and sending messages by Francisco and Norfolk herald, Bushtet at last gave him as the reason that when Francis wrote to Henry he did not reply by letter, but wrote to his ambassador to answer it.
Desired then to speak with the Chancellor and Card. Tornon whom he told that he could have proved the man to be born in England, and instanced his bad French. The Cardinal replied “that his mother was English and dwelled in Orleans and in the Cardinal's time of York being brought up in England.” He asked also why Henry did not deliver Modena, who was required about an account of 100,000 cr. of which President Jentill beguiled the King, Asked, in reply, why they did not keep this person in prison until they knew what answer they would have about Modena, and said they thought this man was a great personage, but he was of ill qualities, his father being a poor man. In the course of discussion, Wallop instanced the delivery of Adrian Cappes, and the French complained of the treatment of the Breton and De Rochepot, and Wallop of the matters of the duke of Suffolk, Geo. Hampton, Dupyne, a Gascon, and Thos. Barnabe.
Nothing has been said about the matter of Calais, though Mons. du Biez dined with him.
Andrew Doria is said to have died at the return into Sicily from Tunis. It is thought that the marriage between the duke of Cleves and the king of Navarre's daughter will take effect. That between the Bp. of Rome's niece and Mons. Homale (fn. 4) is concluded. Latino Jovenal came for the purpose. Cardinal Nychastro has had an interview with the King and left. It is said that Barbarossa has taken certain ships laden with marble for the Empress's tomb, which he has sent to Pera to garnish his garden. Mante, 27 Sept. Signed.
Pp. 9. Add. Endd.
|27 Sept.||83. Francis I. to Marillac.|
Has received his letter of the 18th (sic), and had already sent the copy of the treaty of England and an instruction. As to the poor man (fn. 5) Wallop sues to have delivered to him, there is no reason (for causes already written) to deliver him, as Marillac shall tell the King if questioned; still, as Francis is not yet altogether assured of the said causes, Marillac shall prolong the affair, saying he expects further reasons to be sent. The Constable has spoken about the poor Breton, Tilly, to Wallop, who promised to write to his master.
French. Modern transcript, pp. 2. Headed: 27 Sept., from Mantes.
|27 Sept||84. The Nuncio Poggio to Cardinal Farnese.|
* * * The king of England says he will wait to see what the Lutherans do. So far he is pleased with his new wife; the other, sister of Cleves, has retired in peace, and lives. Even the king of France resents the prohibition of foreign ships from carrying out merchandise, and so the conclusion is deferred until Easter. From here people continue to go thither; and the prince of Salerno is now sending thither his master of horse to present two horses to the King. * * * Brussels, 27 Sept. 1540.
Italian. Modern extract from a Vatican MS., p. 1.
|28 Sept.||85. The Privy Council.|
|Meeting at Ampthill, 28 Sept. Present: Gt. Chamb., Gt. Admiral, Durham, Treasurer, Mr. of Horse, Wriothesley, Chaunc. of Augm. Business:—Letters sent to Ireland to enquire of certain articles touching lord Leonard.|
|28 Sept.||86. Robt. Burgoyn to John Scudeamore.|
11,041, f. 33.
Sends the precepts for the audit of the four shires (fn. 6) in Scudeamore's circuit, and letters to lord Powes, the bp. of Chester, the wardens of Worcester and Burton-on-Trent, the late abbot of Salop, and others, with a kalendar of the circuit for him to keep. Desires him to insert the names of places and officers lacking in the precepts, and to deliver them. It would much further their business if he could have rentals of St. John's lands made. Requests him to accomplish the contents of another letter inclosed. Watton at Stone, 28 Sept.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
|29 Sept.||87. The Privy Council.|
|Meeting at Ampthill, 29 Sept. Present: Gt. Chamb., Gt. Admiral, Durham, Treasurer, Mr. of Horse, Wriothesley, Chanc. of Augm. Business:—Stoner, serjeant at arms, commissioned to preserve hares and partridges about the King's manor of — (blank). Commission to the President of the Welsh Council, lord Ferrers, Sir Nic. Hare, John Pakyngton, Thos. Holt, to examine what jewels have been embezzled from the shrine of St. David's, and put what remain in surety to the King's use. A warrant, for the payment of money, to Mr. Tuke. Letters to the Master of the Rolls and — (blank) Boyes, attorney of the Duchy, to examine John Hull, of Hythe, accused of clipping money. Bond (cited) of Fulgham, and others.|
|29 Sept.||88. Montmorency to Marillac.|
Has read his despatch of the 18th (sic) to the King, who replies to it, desiring Marillac to see that his subjects are not molested by the recent Acts made there, upon which memoirs and instruction have been sent. The King writes also touching the poor man (fn. 7) Wallop sues to have delivered to him. Spoke about the poor Breton, Tilly, to Wallop, who promised to write of him. As to the enterprise by those of Calais and Guisnes, there is near Ardres a bridge called “Pout de la Cauchoire alias des Vaches,” which has always been of the King's domain and is now let to farm by him; and yet those of Calais and Guisnes came forcibly to break the bridge and stop the passage. The King has written to Du Biez and Saint Seval, captain of Ardres, to rebuild the bridge, since the deputy of Calais has refused to do so. The King approves of Marillac's reply to the Council touching John Tailleur.
Has come on before to his house of Chantilly, where he has been one day, and where Marillac's cousin (fn. 8) has come to him, who carries this despatch. Leaves to-day for his other house of L'Isle Adam, where he expects to find the King making good cheer.
Wallop said he would deliver a memoir of complaints of English subjects, in order that the French should do the like.
French. Modern transcript, pp. 4. Headed: 29 Sept., from Chantilly.
|29 Sept.||89. St. Peter's, Gloucester.|
Later extract from the view of accounts of Richard Hall, farmer of lands the of the late monastery of St. Peter, Gloucester, concerning the rectory of South Cerney. Mich. 32 Hen. VIII.
P. 1 Large paper. Endd.: A note out of the records to prove the land in South Cerney part of St. Peter's, Ampney.
|29 Sept.||90. Merchants Strangers.|
“[The]is be the sums of money which the merchants estrangers should have paid more than [they have] paid to the King's grace for customs and subsidies of their merchandise, as well brought into this realm as [carried out o]f the same,” from 6 April 30 Hen. VIII. to Mich. 32 Hen. VIII. [one year and el]xxvj days:—
[The] subsidy [of] London (much mutilated); tonnage of wine and subsidy of tin, pewter, and cloth, total, 7,947l. 13s. 9d. Petty custom of London; on merchandise whereof the King ought to have had 3d. in the £., on wine and on cloth, total 6,261l. 6s. 11½d. Great custom of London on leather, total, 17l. 15s. 9¾d. Port of Bristol, petty custom of merchandise on which the King should have 3d. in the £., residue, and custom and subsidy of cloth, and residue of leather, total 122l. 13s. 1¾d. Similar accounts for the ports of Pole, 106l. odd; Exon and Dartmouth, 512l.; Plymouth and Fowey, 75l.; Bridgewater, 30l.; Chichester, 78l.; Sandwich, 48l.; [We]yemouth, 24l.; [I]peswyche, 125l.; Lynne, 35l.; Boston, 17l.; Kingston-upon-Hull, 22l.; Newcastle-upon-Tyne, 22l. Total of “such customs and subsidies as merchants estrangers have been discharged of by virtue of the King's proclamation (fn. 9) in all the ports of England, Southampton excepted,” 15,450l. 9s. 3d.
Paper roll of five sheets, the first and last much mutilated. Each account in two parts, i.e., from 6 April to Michaelmas and for the year ending Mich., 32 Hen. VIII.
|29 Sept.||91. Augmentation Accounts.|
Account of Ric. Poulet, receiver of the Augmentations in cos. Hants, Wilts, Glouc., and the town of Bristol, for the year ending Mich. 32 Hen. VIII.
Detailing minutely the items of receipt and expenditure under the following heads:—
I. Receipts:—(Commencement, with statement of arrears and the receipts from Winteney, (fn. 10) lost.) Revenues of religious houses suppressed by Act of Parliament (viz., St. Denis, Letley, Quarr, Mottesfont, Bremmer, Maiden Bradleigh, Farleigh, [Kington], Stanley, Eston, Ederos, St. Mary Magdalen's beside Bristol, (fn. 11) St. Oswald's and Flaxley), houses voluntarily surrendered (viz., Beaulue, Southwick, Hide, Romsey, St. Swithin's at Winchester, Tichefeld, St. Mary's at Winchester, St. Nicholas's hospital commonly called Godeshous at Portsmouth, Wherewell, Christchurch Twynham, Wilton, Lacok, Edingdon, Bradenstoke, St. Margaret's beside Marlborough, Kingswod, Pulton, Ambresbury, Malmesbury, St. Augustine's beside Bristol, St. Mark's of Billeswick alias Gauntes besides Bristol, Cirencester, Hayles, Winchelcomb, Tewkesbury, and St. Peter's at Gloucester) and houses of Friars (at Winchester, Southampton, Salisbury, Marlborough, Gloucester, and Bristol); sale of buildings, lead and bells; debts recovered; value of lead and bells remaining in store: total, 22,543l. 12s. 1½1/8d.
II. Allowances:—Cancelled arrears due from the late marquis of Exeter, lord Hungerford, and abbot of Woburn and from monasteries which have since come to the King's hands. Fees and expenses of auditor and receiver.
Annuities and corrodies granted by the late religious (the conditions and origin of which are very minutely specified), viz., by Maiden Bradley to Edm. Appowell, John Rider and others, Nic. Holland, elk., Wm. Harding, elk., Sir Walter Hungerford, (fn. 12) John Pakington; by Stanley to Eliz. Aguilliams, Geo. Bregus, John Fissher, Wm. Button; by Farleigh to Wm. Button (two items); by Southwick to Thos. and Hen. Annesley; by Kingswood to David Johannes, Geo. Frebodye, John Herte, Robt. Thomas, Nic. Ware, Mich. Johannes, Thos. Colman, Wm. Fountaunce, Robt. Sparre, elk., Ric. Brown, elk., Sir Ric. Cromwell; by Winteney to Margery, widow (fn. 13); by Flaxley to Agnes Smyth, widow; by Quarre to John Hampton, singer, Joan Hales, widow (fn. 14); by Hide to Sir Thos. Wriothesley, Hugh Roberts, B. C. L. (fn. 15) and 18 others; by Romsey to Peter Larke and John Huttofte, Hen. Bennett; by Wilton to John Aprice, Wm. Petre, LL.D.; by Lacok to Sir Edw. Baynton and Andrew his son and heir, John Manne; by Edingdon to Andrew Baynton, Thos. Price, Wm. Petre, Edw. Napper, Barth. Husey, Geo. Broune, Sir Hen. Longe, Sir Walter Hungerford; by Braddenstock to Sir Edw. and And. Baynton and Silvester Danvers, Ric. Modye, Wm. Button, John Cotterell, John Baker; by Bremere to Thos. Welles; by St. Mary's Winchester to Ric. Checkeley; by Christchurch Twynham to Wm. earl of Southampton, Oliver Walop, and 19 others, among whom are Fras. Buknall, reader of theology in the late monastery, Sir Thos. Wriothesley, and Geo. Ratcliff, clk.; by Wherewell to John Cowdrey, Ric. Taillour, clk., John Cowdrey and John Cooke, Ric. Burleigh, John Kingsmyll, John Southwod, clk., John Harden, clk., (fn. 16) Wm. Grene; by Malmesbury to John Dyer and 13 others, among whom Sir Thos. Arundell, Ric. ap Rosser, Wm. Bru …, and Sir Edw. Baynton are chief recipients; by St. Augustine's, Bristol, to Wm. ap Hoell, one of the marshals of the King's hall, and 10 others, among them Ric. Crumwell and Hugh Rawlins; by Cirencester to Roger Patsall and eight others, among whom Hen. Edmondes, (fn. 17) instructor of the children of the chapel of the late monastery, and Ant. Straunge, are chief recipients; by Hayles to Otho Sagar, B.C.L., and nine others, of whom Eliz. Huddelston, widow, is chief recipient; by Winchelcombe to Edw. Draycote and 17 others; by Tewkesbury to Thos. Sherle, servant of Thos. lord Cromwell, and eight others, among whom Hugh Whittingdon, bachelor of canon law, Geo. Throkmerton and Geo. Bayneham are chief recipients. (A note here that henceforth no new annuities are to be allowed without sufficient proof.)
Pensions to the late religious persons (the conditions minutely specified, with a few marginal notes recording deaths of the recipients). Payments for procurations and synodals; alms (being a corrody of 4l. out of Hide abbey) to three poor men. Necessary expenses for clerks, paper, ink, &c., and travelling charges. Repairs at Cowfold Park. Debts of monasteries paid. Money delivered to Edw. North, treasurer of Augmentations, 13 July and 7 and 19 March 32 Hen. VIII.; also by lord Delaware (for certain manors) 17 Dec. 32 Hen. VIII. Total allowances, 8,748l. 18½d.
III. Leaving due 13,795l. 171/8d. which, by a small reward to Geo. Maxey for examining accounts, by sums respited, and by a long list of arrears, is reduced to 9,404l. 17s. 21/8d. Which, by a further list of arrears and by the value of goods remaining in store, is still further reduced to 400l. odd (the figures are mutilated).
A paper roll of 83 large leaves written on both sides and stitched together at the one end. Mutilated.
|29 Sept.||92. Augmentation Accounts.|
Account of George Gifford, particular receiver of the Augmentations, for cos. Ntht., Warw., and Leic., for the year ended Mich. 32 Hen. VIII.
Detailing minutely the items of receipt and expenditure, under the following heads, viz.:—
I. Charge: —
(1.) Arrears from last account (no details), 5,526l. 16s. 6¼d.
(2.) Revenues of the late religious houses, viz., St. Andrew's and St. James's, Northampton, Sulby, Pypwell and Delaprey, Ntht.; Kenelworth, monks of Coventry, Charterhouse beside Coventry, Nuneton, Pollesworthe, Meryvalle and Combe, (fn. 18) Warw.; Pratis Leicester, Croxston, Oulvescrofte, Grace Dieu, and Launde, Leic.; also the Austin, White, Black, and Grey Friars of Northampton, the Black, Austin, and Grey of Leicester, the house of friars of Thellesforde, the White and Grey Friars of Coventry, the Black Friars of Warwick, and the Austin Friars of Atherston. Total 4,900l. 11s. 6½d.
(3.) Extraordinary receipts (recepta forinseca), being money received for lead, bells, buildings, woodwork, &c., belonging to the late religious houses. Two indentures, dated 4 Oct. ao 31 and 24 April ao 32, relating to the sale of the bells of most of the houses above named, to John Core, grocer, of London, at 18s. a cwt., are quoted at length, and show the weight and number of bells at each house. Other minor indentures are also quoted or cited. Total, 2,352l. 16s. 3½d.
(1.) Fees granted by the late religious (the patents minutely cited), and four small fees for surveyorship of woods. Total, 114l. 5s.
(2.) Pensions of the late religious persons (named). The dates and particulars of the patents for these, and the periods for which they have been paid, are minutely specified. They relate to all the above-named houses except the Friars. Total, 1,910l.
(3.) Annuities granted by the late religious (conditions and origin of each minutely specified), viz., by St. Andrew's Northampton to Sir Edw. Mountague, chief justice, Edw. Saunders, Fras. Morgan, Alice Michell, Thos. Hasilwood, John Danester, Robt. Chaunterell, and lord Vawse; by St. James's Northampton to Robt. Chauntrell, Sir Wm. Gascoyne, Ric. Jonys, John Fyldyng, and Laur. Spencer; by Soulby to John Yardeley, Eliz. Foxall, widow of Hugh Standishe, Hugh Aston, and Wm. Perker; by Pypwell to Sir Edw. Mountague, chief justice, Wm. Goodyse, Robt. Gilby, Wm. Jacson, John Mounteyne, Nic. Throkmerton, Hugh Aston, Wm. Saunders, Hen. Wrighte, Edw. Griffen, and Geo. Giffard; by Delaprey to Wm. Legh, Sir Wm. Gascoyne, John Baker, clk., John Baker and Lucy his wife, Geo. Gifford and Robt. Burgoyn, Geo. Tresham and Thos. Tymwood, and Geo. Gifforde; by Kenelworth to Edm. Sutton, Roger and Wm. Wigston, Hugh Aston, Ant. Cope, Humph. Yardeley, Robt. Shepperde, Wm. Fante, Baldwin Porter, Wm. Petre, Edm. Shether, clk., Ralph Garland, John Goslyng, and Wm. Bracebrige; by Coventry Cathedral to John Cliffe, Hugh Aston, John Hollande, Thos. King, clk., Roger and Wm. Wigston, Wm. Nele, Hen. Audeley, Guy Speke, John Kellet, John Jenyns, M.D., Robt. Haldesworth, S.T.D., and Ric. Manchester, clk.; by Nuneton to John Holbeche, John Swynnerton, Thos. Gerrard, Thos. Sevell, Ralph Goldsmythe, clk., Hugh Hybbyns, Robt. Glen, late confrater of Nuneton priory (this granted by the King), Joice Olriche, Fras Pett and Ralph Catlyn, Ric. Everard, Ralph Tomson, Wm. Wigston, Roger and Wm. Wigston, Thos. King, clk., John Higgeford, Geo. Fyndern Dorothy Dudley, Thos. Whalley, Edw. Pye, John Tomson, John Dodyngton and John Chaloner, Thos. Hatton, John Hertford, yeoman of the Crown, Geo. Gifford, Robt. Burgoyn, Barth. Burgoyn, chaplain, Wm. Coxe and Ric. Yomans, and John Hatton; by Coventry Charterhouse to Wm. Starkey, Thos. Staples, Matth. Clifton, Wm. Pegge, Robt. Burgoyn, Thos. Gregorie, Thos. Bradburie, Jodocus Tomari, M.D., Robt. Grene, jun., John Griffeth, Wm. Latham, Ric. Fekylton, Mich. Cameswell, Wm. Clerk, vicar of Wolston, Thos. Oken, Chr. Blockeley, John Hales and Steph. Ilaylis, Andrew Flammok, Hen. Audeley, Humph. Nicolls, Geo. Gifford, Barnard Massie, Roger and Wm. Wigston, and John Maynard; by Pollesworth to Thos. Fane, Roger and Wm. Wigston, Eliz. Fitzherbert, Geo. Gifforde, Jas. Wilkes, Wm. Townesend, clk., and Robt. Burgoyn; by Merevall to Ric. Everatt, Robt. Warnyng; by Pratis Leicester to Hugh Aston, Ph. Wrothe, Alice Hoo alias Lumley, Thos. Wright, Ric. Temple, Wm. Leighton, Edw. Dilke, John and Alice White, Leonard Grenewood, Wm. Consent, Robt. Catlyn, Wm. earl of Southampton; by Croxton to Hen. Lacy, Wm. Grene, chaplain, Thos. Storye, Edw. Flower, John Beaste, Wm. Ligh, David Clapbam, and Roger Wigston; by Olvescroft to John Aylworthe, clk., Robt. Burgoyn, Thos. Carter and Thos. Palmer, Wm. Nevell and Ric. Bonne, Geo. Smalley, Thos. Dalbye, and Geo. Gifforde; by Grace Dieu to Adam Langeley, Nic. Pewtrell, and Alice Hoo alias Lumley; by Launde to Robt. Burgoyn, Robt. Catlyn, John Asshebye, Hugh Aston, Nic. Johnson, Geo. Warberton. Edw. Griffethe, and Geo. Gifford. Total, 402l. 18s. 8d. Note opposite this by Sir Thos. Pope, “Md. hereafter to allow none annuities but such as have been seen and exemplified in the Court.”
(4.) Corrodies, a few of small amount, specified; total, 22l. 12s. 4d.
(5.) Perpetual pensions, procurations and synodals, and salaries (mostly salaries of chantry priests); total, 55l. 18s. 8d.
(6.) Debts paid by virtue of letters from the Court of Augmentations (detailed); total, 280l. 8s. 6½d.
(7.) Necessary repairs (to mills, stables, &c.), 55l. 15s. 6d.
(8.) Cost of melting lead and carrying and weighing bells (many items relating to the taking down, breaking, packing in barrels, and carrying to the weighhouse in London of the bells, and the melting of the lead into sows), 93l. 19s. 7d.
(9.) Necessary expenses of auditor and receiver, 78l. 2s. 2d.
(10.) Money delivered to Edw. North, treasurer of Augmentations, 2 Dec., 3 and 12
Feb., and 4 March 32 Hen. VIII., 1,049l. 3s. 7d.
Total allowances, 4,063l. 5s. 0½d.
III. Leaving due 8,716l. 19s. 3¾d., which (by allowance of a small bailiff's fee which should have been paid in an earlier year, and by reward to Griffin Tyndalle for examining accounts, and to Robt. Burgoyn, the auditor, for declaring them, by many sums respited, by lead and bells remaining in store, and by a long list of arrears arranged under the several houses) is reduced to 118l. 5s. 7d. Signed, as examined, by Sir Thos. Pope and Edw. North.
A paper roll of 122 large leaves written on both sides and now bound as a book.
|29 Sept.||93. Augmentation Accounts.|
Book of arrears due upon the accounts of the particular receivers of the Augmentations for the year ending Mich. 32 Hen. VIII., with notes in each case of the date (in Sept. or Oct., 33 Hen. VIII.) when process was made for the recovery of the same. The particulars are arranged under the names of the monasteries. The accounts dealt with are as follows:—
Of John Scudamore (for Heref, Salop, Staff., and Worc., pp. 18), Geo. Giffard (Ntht., Rutl., Leic., and Warw., pp. 7), Leonard Bekewith (Yorks., pp. 49), Wm. Blytheman (archdeaconry of Richmond, pp. 28), and of the circuit of John Wyseman, auditor (viz., John Freman's account for Lincolnshire, pp. 36, and that of Wm. Bolles for Notts, Derb., and Chesh., pp. 13).
A bound book of 92 leaves, several of which are blank.
2. Similar book dealing with the accounts of John Ashton (honours of Hampton Court, Ewelme and Beauliew, monasteries of Warden, Boxley, and Christchurch, London, the King's purchased lands, and the monastery of Furness, pp. 53), Ric. Poulet (Hants, Wilts, Glouc., and Bristol, pp. 7), circuit of Wm. Cavendish, auditor (viz., Thos. Spilman's account for Kent pp. 12, Fras. Jobson's for Beds, pp. 4, John Carleton's for Bucks, Berks, and Oxon, pp. 9, and Wm. Sander's for Surr. and Suss., pp. 17); office of Mr. Rokeby, auditor (viz., Wm. Grene's account for Nthld., Cumb., and Westmld.. pp. 38), South Wales (a few arrears depending at Mich., ao 33° pp. 2), Edw. Walters and John Vaughan (Wales, pp. 12).
ii. Statement of the larger arrears due Mich. ao 32° within the office of Jas. Rokeby, auditor, p. 1.
A bound book of 103 leaves, many of which are blank.
|29 Sept.||94. Yorkshire Monasteries.|
Receiver's accounts of the lands of the following monasteries in Yorkshire for the year ended Mich. 32 Hen. VIII., giving the day on which each house was dissolved by authority of Parliament, viz., Essholt, dissolved 29 Aug. 31 Hen. VIII.; Thiked, 27 Aug.; Wilberfosse, 20 Aug.; Yeddyngham, 21 Aug.; Wikam, 22 Aug.; Basedale, 24 Aug.; Hendale, 23 Aug.; Swyne, 8 Sept.; Kelynge, 8 Sept.; and Gromond priory or house of friars, — (blank) Aug.; all in 31 Hen, VIII. Each account signed by Sir Ric. Ryche.
Book of 30 large folios with some blank pages, slightly injured.
|29 Sept.||95. Laurence Askwith.|
Allowances claimed by Laur. Askewith from Mich. 31 Hen. VIII. to Mich. 32 Hen. VIII.
For keeping the woods at Jervaux, for his fee, for rent of Maryford close paid by Henry Askewith to Mr. Teshe, for making the spring dike under Stadbank at Mr. Teshe's order, for Wm. Gayteherd's fee, for making Ramsey mill; for rent [of Ellington mill] (fn. 19) in the hands of Maisterman, the late tenant of the said mill, and worth nothing; for wapentake fines to the sheriff of Yorkshire for Horton in Rybilsdaile. Some of the items are struck out and others reduced and marked “respectr” reducing the total from 15l. 6s. to 7l. 8s. 2d., and the heading “Estwitton dominium, 32 Hen. VIII.” put in in another hand.
|29 Sept.||96. Attainted Lands.|
Payments out of the atttainted lands in the North for the year ended Mich. 32 Hen. VIII., for which the receiver, Tristram Teshe, seeks allowance.
A similar book of “reprises” to that of 31 Hen. VIII. (see Vol. XIV. Pt. ii. No. 239) with the following differences:—Under Jervaulx, in addition to stipends of priests, are 3l. 12s. to Mr. Thos. Magnus for two years' tithes of Hutone Hange, and 26s. 8d. to the Abp. for four years' pension out of Anderby. Additional officers are Ric. Nortone, steward of Hortone in Ribblesdale, and Ric. Bolde, steward of Keverdley.
Under Bridlington, Mr. Thos. Magnus, as archd. of the East Riding, has l. 10s. for two years' “precurases” of the churches of Bridlington, Flamborough, Fiveley, and Scarborough, and the Abp. 30s. for four years' synods of the three last and of Attingwicke, Rudstone, Ottringham, Carnetbye, Fraystrope, Galmeton, Wyllardbye, Scawbye, Burnestone, Cloughtone, and Boyntone. My lord Dean has a pension of 15s. out of Bridlington. Mr. Anth. Knevett has rents of Little Kelke, 11l. 18s. 4d. An additional annuity is 14l. to Mr. Pekeringe for Sir — (blank) Taylor for — (blank) years.
The quay of Bridlington:—Labourers and necessaries, 7 March 31 Hen. VIII. to 5 Nov. 32 Hen. VIII., 100l. 19s. The receiver's costs 7l., and Michael Fuster's, 5l.
Darcy's lands:—Additional fee, two years, of Ralph Hogeson (or Dogesone) granted by Darcy, 56s. 8d.
Constable's lands:—Additional, Sir William Gascoigne, 11l. 13s. 4d. No charge for harness. The fishing of the lordship of Holme in Spaldingmore is leased to me and the rent paid to the bailiff there, 20s.: also the herbage of the woods which I could not occupy this year by reason of the wood sales, 3l.
Bulmer's lands:—Additional, two years' annuity to Sir Thos. Wyllsone, clk., granted by Bulmer, 13l. 10s.
Bigod's lands;—Additional, lady Ewere, widow of Sir Ralph, late deceased, for two years' jointure, 40l.
Council of the North:—As before.
Hamerton's lands:—Additional, Eliz. Stanneley, jointure, 7l. 6s. 8d.
Dorothy Wyvell, widow of John Wyvell, attainted, three years' jointure, 18l.
Payments to Sir George Lawson, upon lord Crumwell's letters of 28 Oct. 31 Hen. VIII., 120l., and upon his warrant, for affairs, 400l.; also, on the King's warrant, for the pensioners, 400l.
Fees and costs of Lentall and Teshe, expenses of the audit at Holme and portage of 1,800l.
Total not given. Many items altered, respited, and disallowed.
Pp. 22. Endd.: “Peticones. T. Tesche, rec. generalis,” &c.
|29 Sept.||97. Monastery of Strata Marcella.|
Declaration, by Edw. Grey lord Powes, of receipts of the late monastery of Stradmarshal in Powesland for six years ending Michaelmas 32 Hen. VIII.
Large paper, much mutilated, p. 1.
|29 Sept.||98. Works at Calais.|
“A book made by Sir Edw. Ryngely, knight, comptroller of Calles and marches of the same, upon the comptrolment of the payment of the works there, paid by Ric. Alee, surveyor of the same works, done in Calles by the space of one whole year, the year beginning at Michaelmas ao xxxjo and ending at Michaelmas next following ao xxxijo R.H. VIII.”
[*** A book in the same form as that calendared in Vol. XIV., Pt. ii., No. 244, giving, in the case of labourers, their names and daily wage, with the number of days each has worked and the amount paid to him; and in the case of cartage the cost per load, with the names of the carters employed and the number of loads each carried. All new ironwork is paid for at 2d. the lb., and all money reckoned in “gr.” unless expressly stated to be “st.”]
i. The month 30 Sept. to 27 Oct. 31 Hen. VIII.:—
Free-masons working in the [masons' lodge] within the town hewing of hard st[one] …, 10 at 9¾d. a day; sawyers working in the King's carpentry, 4 at 10d.; a carpenter's prentice at 8d.; bricklayers of the town and marches working upon Becham bulwark, 2 at 11d. and 11 at 9¾d.; bricklayers' prentices, 5 at 9¾d.; labourers making of mortar for the same works, 8 at 6½d.; bearers of water to the mortar makers, 4 at 6½d.; bearers of mortar to the said workmen, 17 at 6½d.; bearers of brick and chalk, 21 at 6d.; bearers of hard stone in the bottom of Becham bulwark, 9 at 6½d.; “boys labourers bearing of brick,” 5 at 5d.; labourers filling the west jutty with chalk and repairing the Cran wharf and the wharf “along behind Persles hous wt se cley,” 34 at 6d.; labourers working in the King's lighter, as carrying of chalk with the lighter from the brickery of Lovelles Bray, to mend the sea head against Rysebank, 9 at 6d.; “thackers thacking of a shed made over Becham bulwark with sedge for saving of the work this winter,” 7 at 9¾d.; labourers helping the thackers “as bearing of sedge and winding of rodds,” 8 at 6d.; daily labourers, 8 at 5d.; labourers appointed by the King's bill, 1 at 9¾d. and 3 at 6½d.; clerks, Wm. Martin and Robt. Williams at 13d. each, and 2 at 9¾d.
|p. 672.||Long carts carrying of chalk from Chaulkwell Hill to the Haven of Calles, for mending of the heads behind Lovell Breys and the head over against Paradyse on Rysebank side at 11½d. the load (8 names); carrying of clay from the flow mark by Newham Bridge to the back side of Prysley's, for mending of the wharfs there, at 2s. 8d. the day (5). Short carts carrying of hard stone from the masons' lodge to Becham bulwark and timber binders and anker planks, posts, and divers other necessaries, from the King's carpentry to the west jutty and the wharf behind Prysley's, and the old timber from thence to the King's storehouse called th' Ermytage, at 2d. the load (31 names); carrying boards from th' Ermytage to the King's Exchequer for mending divers things within the lodges, and timber joists from the King's carpentry to the Tilt for repairing of the same, and tile from th' Ermytage to the Town Hall for mending the same, at 1d. the load (5); carrying chalk from the park to the east jutty “for filling of a hole by the Suster house,” at 1d. (1); carrying dung from the green plat beside the Tilt unto the mount at Bullin Well, by command of my lord Deputy and the Council, at 16d. a day (11).|
“Empsions”:—Payments to John Dosin, the King's smith, for “ij cros barres for the loop at Betcham bullwerk weyeng lxxij li.,” 3 locks for the rails behind Mr. Prysley's, 3 bolts for the same, a great hanging lock for a door in the keep of Guisnes, a stock lock in another door there, a clasp for Lantern Gate, 6 hooks for the chalk boat, 8 bolts spent at Newnham Bridge, and 2 spike nails made for mending of the gate in the Exchequer. John Astaples “for ij hunderth of rede for to cover Becham bulwark,” 2s. Adrian Deryckson, of Andwerp, for 6 bundle of basts for scaffolding at 3s. 4d. John Robinson for “ij weynskottes for to make moldes, setting rewelles, and squares,” 3s. 10d. Wm. Smyth for 2 “cth” of great spikes occupied in the Exchequer, 3s. 4l. Arnold Domys, of Rosindall, for freight of his ship with 52½ ton of timber out of Knell Wood at 2s. the ton. John Rodder and his company for carrying the same timber out of the Haven to the King's carpentry at 4d. the ton. Giles Smyth, of Calles, for 3½ thousand of lath nails “spent upon the King's Exchequer against the coming of my lady An,” at 15d.; also for a large number of 3d., 4d., 6d., 10d., and 16d. nails “spent there, the same time, about making and setting up of shelves”; also for 244 foot of double board “spent in making shelves in th' offices of the said Exchequer,” 15s. 4d., and 242 foot of single board spent in the said offices, 11s. 3½d. Robt. Robinson, the King's plumber, for 69½ lb. of sowder spent at Hamps, about the day watch and the mill roof and three gutters about my lord's chamber and the roof of the wardrobe, at 6d. the lb.; also for his man working there at 6d. a day, 5s. 6d.
Total, 132l. 6s. 5½d.
ii. The month 28 Oct. to 24 Nov. 31 Hen. VIII.:—
Wages and occupations described (as in the preceding) of 9 free-masons, 4 carpenters extraordinary at 10d., 6 sawyers sawing posts and rails for the Tilt and also at Lantern Gate, 17 labourers “casting and spreading of earth in the green place over against the Exchequer, for making plain the same, and also serving the carpenters at the tilt,” at 6d., 14 bearing brick and mortar to the masons of the ordinary wages “repairing of the walls against the coming of my Lady An,” 7 serving the glaziers working in the Exchequer, 15 serving the masons and paviors at Lantern Gate and making and setting up of scaffolds for the works there and making of rough mortar in the Park, 6 working in the King's lighter, 28 working at Prince In bulwark and Becham bulwark casting of earth and filling the tumbrels with the same earth to be carried to the mounts about the town, 8 daily labourers, 4 appointed by the King's bill, and the two clerks Martin and Williams.
|p. 684.||Long carts carrying chalk from Calkwelhyll to Lovelles Breys for repairing of a sea bead, of a cornell of the wall and of another head by the Cross on Rysebank side over against the Breys, at 11½d. the ton (5 names); carrying sea chalk from the cliffs beyond Sandgate to the Haven for filling of the west jutty on Rysebank side, at 16d. the ton (9); carrying clay from the flow mark beyond Newnham Bridge to the wharf along besides Prysseley's house for repairing the same wharf, at 2s. 8d. the day (6). Short carts carrying rails, posts, masts, and scaffolding to the Lantern Gate and thence to the King's storehouse, at 2d. the load (20); carrying of a platform to Rysebank and of a scaffolding from thence to the King's storehouse, at 3d. the load (15); carrying rails, posts, and planks to the Tilt and “bricks and scaffolding for working divers places round about the town,” at 1d. (11). Tumbrels carrying earth from the green place over against the Exchequer unto the Mount at Bullin Well for making the same “playn and coraunt,” and also carrying bricks and mortar out of the Park into the town all along the walls for serving the masons working about the town, at 16d. the day (25); carrying earth and dung to furnish Becham Mount and the walls from thence to Prince In bulwark, at 16d. a day (40); carrying of brick and mortar from the Park unto Becham bulwark for the masons of the ordinary wages working there and also about the town walls for repairing the same against the coming of my lady An, at 16d. the day (4).|
“Empsions”:—Payments to John Dosin, for 3 rings for weights in th' Ermytage, 2 hanging locks and 2 bolts for the shoving bars at the Tilt; “ij ovin irons for the ij ovins in the King's Exchequer weyeng xvj li,” a bolt for the “pooll of the well,” 8 new stock locks, 17 keys and 4 new plate locks for certain doors there, with a pint of oil spent about oiling of locks and bolts; a clapper for the watch bell in the Castle, 6 lb.; 6 new stock locks for doors in the Exchequer; mending of 6 “cassys of iron” in the Staple Inn; a hook, 5 links, and 3 staples for Oy sluice; 5 pair of great hinges spent upon the tower doors between the Lantern Gate and Water Gate, and 2 hooks for one of the said doors, 10 lb. Robt. Robinson, for 7 lb. solder spent on one of the gutters over the King's lodging in the Exchequer. Ralph Tyler, for 2½ thousand lath nails occupied in the Exchequer. John Tak, glazier, for setting 9 ft. of old glass in new lead in three “casys” which was taken down in the Staple Inn Hall, at 2½, and for 16 quarelles of new glass set in the said “casys,” at 1d. the piece, stopping 56 quarelles in divers windows of the said hall, taking down of the “pawnys” of old glass set in new lead, 6 ft. at 2½d., making and setting the King's arms in one of the said windows, stopping 12 quarelles in the new parlor there, at 1d. each, taking down a “pane of old glass at the stair foot against the great parlor wherein is set xvj quarelles of new glass,” at 1d., and leading and soldering, 6½d.; also for mending lanterns and stopping and mending quarelles of glass in various chambers (detailed) there. Segar Anthony, of Rosendall, for freight of the Maryon of Rosindall with 26½ tons of timber from Knell wood, at 2s., and John Rudder and his company, carrying the same from the haven to the carpentry, at 4d. “To Raf Paynter, of Calles, for painting and gilding of a rose and a crown and ij perteculyses over Lantern Gate against the coming of my lady An, he finding gold and all other stuff thereto belonging,” 4l. 5s. 2½d.; also for painting of four posts with white and green laid with oil colour, two of them standing at Lantern Gate and the other two of th[em] … e stairs before the gate, he finding stuff and workmanship, 30s. 5½d. Hen. Dyk, smith, for mending of the King's “certes” and making two new “pynnys” and mending the “plattes thereof,” weighing 20 lb. Oliver Payn, for helping to spread dung and earth at Bullin Well when the earth was carried from the green place by the Exchequer up to the Mount, 20d. Neill Robson, brickmaker, for 6,000 bricks delivered at his kiln at Newham Bridge, at 3s. 4d. John Dosin, for 6 stock locks for doors in Hamps castle. Wm. Dyer, for battering masons' irons.
Total, 184l. 17s. 1½d.
iii. The month 25 Nov. to 21 Dec. 31 Hen. VIII.
Wages and occupations described (as in the preceding) of 9 free-masons, here called “free-masons extraordinary,” 2 carpenters extraordinary helping the carpenters of the ordinary wages in the Exchequer, 7 joiners making and mending “tables, forms, trestles, stools, and cupboards in the Exchequer,” 2 labourers serving a tiler of the ordinary wages mending divers houses in the Exchequer, 4 sawyers extraordinary sawing of planks, joists, and boards for mending of floors, 12 labourers “bearing away rubbish, dust, and other filth out of the Exchequer,” 12 labourers serving the masons of ordinary wages repairing the town walls, 19 serving the carpenters in the Tilt and filling the West jutty with chalk, 1 paviour at 10d. paving without Lantern Gate, 8 daily labourers, 4 appointed by the King's bill and the clerks Williams and Martin.
|p. 700.||Long carts carrying brick from Nelys kyll to the Exchequer for mending chimneys, at 9d. the load (one name, ten loads); carrying chalk from the chalk pits to the west jutty at Rysebank for filling thereof, at 16d. the ton (9 names), and to the river of Dyklond at 4d. (5). Short carts carrying logs from the haven to the storehouse, out of Thos. Furrea's ship of Rosendall, at 2d. the load (24); carrying stone from the haven to the masons' lodge out of John Garte's ship of Meydstoon at 2d. (21), and out of Simon Barnys' ship of Maydston (26); carrying timber from the carpentry to the Lantern Gate for the rails there “and also carrying of planks, joists, and scaffolding to the Lantern Gate and from thence to the town and carrying of divers necessaries about the town,” at 2d. the load (21); “carrying of timber out of the King's carpentry to the Exchequer and to the houses of office in the town, and also carrying of planks out of the King's storehouse to the said places, and carrying of racks, trestles, and other necessaries to the kitchen there,” at 1d. the load (18). Tumbrels carrying of lime, brick, and earth into the Exchequer for making and repairing of divers houses of office there and also carrying of rubbish for making of the way by the turnpike at 16d. the day (30).|
“Empsions”:—Payments to John Dosin for stocklocks for two of the storehouse doors, 4 keys for divers doors, 8 stock locks “for the tower doors between Lantern Grate and the Water Gate”; mending the iron of the cart that beareth stone and the clapper of the Flemish bell; 9 stock locks, 7 pair of hinges and 5 keys for “doors of office in the Exchequer”; 54 “great hooks made to hang the carpets in the great chamber and other places” at 1d. each, 200 small hooks at ¼d., and 6 bolts and 12 staples “for the said doors”; for “iij new casys of iron made for the windows where the lady An stood in Henry Mountney's hous to se the rennyng at tylt,” 9s.; 2 new keys for two of the lady An's chests, 13d.; 2 bolts for the great back gate of the Exchequer, 8d. John Tak, glasier, for mending windows in the Exchequer and elsewhere (38 items, one of them being for 33s. 1d. paid to three labourers at 6d. st. the day “scouring and making clean all the windows in the Exchequer”). Clay and mortar spent in mending the kitchen chimney in the Exchequer, and nails. John Gates, of Meydstoon, for freight of his ship with 33 ton of hard stone from Medstoon at 3s. st. the ton. Simon Barnys, of Hallinges, Kent, for freight of his ship, the Christopher of Alysoord, with 39 ton of hard stone from Maydstoon, at 3s. st. Neil Mattynson, of Rosendall, for freight of his ship, th'Angill of Rosindall, with 70 ton of logs out of Knell wood, at 18d. st. Hen. Dyke, smith, for battering masons' irons and for spikes. Two “bawdringes” for the watch bell of the town, 3s. 3d. Making clean of the sink behind Prince In and the “cannell” thereabout, 7s. 6d. Gabriel Cawdwell, of London, “for iij cth foot of taable, at iiijd. ob. st. the foot, sm. vl. xijs. vjd., and for iijxxvj foot of blockes of xxij inchys brood, the pece sm. xjd. st. the fote sm. iijl. vjd. st., and xij end stoonys at xd. st. the pece, and a qrter of gret ashler at iiijs. vjd. st., delyverid a shipboard at Meydstoon in John Gattes ship of the sam tooun besydes the freight, sm. ixl. vijs. vd. st., fac. gr. xvl. iiijs. viijd.”; also for a similar item delivered to Robt. Humphrey's ship of Alingffoord, 17l. 14s. 3d. Other payments to divers persons for 100 ft. of double board to make chests for bows and arrows, 30 wainscots to make forms and stools in the Exchequer against the coming of lady An, 40 great spars for scaffolding at Lantern Gate, thatching of the King's ordinary house and three bundles of “rodds” occupied therein, 2 load of clay for “dawbing of the same house,” 2,000 “wythes” at 13d. the 1,000, a large number of nails of various kinds, double board and single board. “To iiij labourers for pulling down the top of the kitchen chimney in the Exchequer which was set afire at supper time,” 2s. 8½d. Thos. Barwell, costs going into England to the lord Cromwell on the King's affairs, 21 days going and coming at 12d. st. the day.
Total, 180l. 0s. 4¼d.
|iv. The month 23 Dec. to 19 Jan. 31 Hen. VIII.|
|p. 717.||Wages (as before) of 9 masons, hard hewers, working in the masons' lodge hewing of hard stone for Becham bulwark, 27 labourers filling the West jutty with chalk that came from Skalys clyves, 8 daily labourers, 4 appointed by the King's bill, and the clerk Williams.|
|p. 719.||Long carts carrying chalk from Skalys cliffs to the Rysebank for filling the West jutty at 16d. the ton (8 names). Short carts carrying of timber from the King's carpentry out of the Lantern Gate for making of horse bridges for shipping the lady An's horses, and carrying of scaffolding from the Lantern Gate to th'Ermytag, at 2d. the load (10); carrying trestles, joints, and planks from the houses of office in the Exchequer to the King's storehouse, at 1d. (11). Tumbrels carrying chalk from without the West Brays to Rysebank to fill the jutty, at 16d. the day (15).|
“Empsions”:—2½ thousand lath nail for lathing upon the kitchen of the Exchequer, 4s. 2d.; ½ doz. “lyne,” 3d.; 7 lb. candle occupied among the carpenters, 17½d.; 3½ doz. green maunds for filling the West jutty with chalk, 8s. 9d.; and battering 9 “cth” of the masons' irons, 9s.
Total, 54l. 8s. 9½d.
v. The month 20 Jan. to 16 Feb. 31 Hen. VIII.
Wages as before of 10 masons, 1 paviour repairing paving at Mylgat at 9¾d., 2 labourers serving him, 21 filling the west jutty with chalk, 11 at the castle helping the carpenters of the ordinary wages to carry up timber to the top of the dungeon for making of a platform there, 3 cleaning the chambers and houses of office in the Exchequer, 1 working at the masons' lodge, 2 serving a tiler of the ordinary wages working upon the Town Hall and the Ordnance House, 8 daily labourers, 4 appointed by the King's bill, and the clerk Williams.
|p. 726.||Short carts carrying timber from the King's carpentry into the Castle for making the platform there, and to the Mylgat for repairing the bridges there, at 1d. the load (10 names); carrying lime and sand out of the Park to the Exchequer, Town Hall, and Myllgate, at 2d. (5). Tumbrels carrying rubbish out of th' Ermytage and brick from Bullin Well into th' Ermytage at 16d. the day (5). A short cart carrying clay “for mending of the walls of one of the King's Ordnance house” at 9¾d. the load.|
“Empsions”:—Payments to John Dosin “for ij gogeons a styrop with a bost occupied for one of the bridges at Mylgat,” and 2 chains for the same bridge, made of old iron at 1d. the lb.; also a piece of a chain for lengthening one of the old chains, at 2d. the lb.; 4 stock locks for storehouses in the carpentry; a bolt for one of the rails upon the river side going towards Mark; a “peyr of jemmews occupied at Rysebank,” 8d.. a hanging lock for the rail; making and mending plat locks and hinges in the carpentry; a ring and clasp for the wicket of the carpentry gate; a great bolt for one of the rails at the haven side; a key for the wine cellar; 3 iron bars for a new window in the armoury at the Checquer; a small lock for one of the towers at the west end of the town; a great hanging lock for one of the drawbridges at Bullin Gate and a key for the Brays Gate. Wm. Dier, smith, for battering masons' irons and for spikes for the platform in the Castle. Hen. Dike, smith, for locks and staples at the Hermitage and for one of the rails without Lantern Gate. The glasier for work about windows at the time of the Lady An's being here, and mending windows at Hampnys castle “against the coming hither of the earl of Sussex and other.” Ant. Moor, the King's tiler, for lath nails used on the Town Hall. Robt. Robinson, the King's plumber, for solder at 6d. a pound used in mending the leads on the top of the dungeon in the Castle, the conduit that bringeth water to the kitchen there, and the leads at the prison house on the walls. Tiling nails for the Staple Hall, “ij gret capron sparres to make a tramell for the masons” 20d., and the mending of the ceiling at the Staple.
Total, 41l 17s. 10¾d.
vi. The month 17 Feb. to 15 March 31 Hen. VIII.
Wages and occupations described (as before) of 10 masons, 1 sawyer helping a sawyer of ordinary wages in the carpentry “sawing certain pieces of the heres at Bullin gate,” 2 labourers serving the tiler, 6 serving the masons working on “the town walls and at Myddlewey, and Footmans In, taking up of the old bridges with the carpenters of the ordinary wages,” 2 making mortar for the said masons, 2 working in the lighter carrying logs to Newnham Bridge, 1 working in the lodge, 8 daily labourers, 4 appointed by the King's bill and the clerk Williams.
|p. 737.||Short carts carrying timber from the carpentry to Bullin Gate and spars from the storehouse to the Town Hall and back at 1d. the load (12 names); carrying timber from the carpentry “unto Myddellwey for making of ij bridges there, and also at Footmans In for j bridge, and at the Moor Dyke another,” at 3d. the load (14). One tumbrel working at 16d. a day.|
“Empsions”:—Payments to John Dosin for a pair of hinges for a door in the Armytag, 3 pair of “gymmeaus” set on 3 doors of 3 towers on the south side of the town, a stock lock for one of these doors, 3 “casys of iron” and 3 pair of “gymmeaux” set in the window of a tenement beside the Tilt where Cary, man at arms, dwells, 12 bars each 2 ft. long and 12 spikes for the said window; “ij hoopys ij panys ij gogeons ij spykes and ij styrops for the watch bell in the Castle,” links and staples for Oye sluice, 2 bolts for a “jyn” at the carpentry; links, hooks, styrops, &c., for the sluice at Lantern Gate, the postern bridge, and the draw bridge there, and for a new bridge made at Bullin Gate. John Hollyday, smith, for piercing 2 holes through the head of the watch bell in the Castle and making a new “brokyk” of iron and a new clapper for the same bell. Two window bars, battering of masons' irons, a pound of “barrows grece” spent upon the timber cart, 4d., and nails. Thos. Barwell for costs in going to Rundon in Kent to cause Wm. Lawles to take up ships and send timber and logs with as much speed as possible, 9 days at 12d st.= 14s. 7d. gr.
Total, 25l. 13s. 6d.
vii. The month 16 March to 12 April 31 Hen. VIII.
Wages and occupations described (as before) of 11 masons, 3 sawyers extraordinary sawing planks for a new bridge and a “heres” made at Bullin Gate “whereof one wrought with a sawyer of the ordinary wages,” 2 labourers serving a tiler, 68 breaking down the old walls at Becham Bulwark, 8 daily labourers, 4 appointed by the King's bill, and Williams the clerk.
|p. 749.||Short carts carrying logs from the river of Dyklond to the King's kyll beyond Newham Bridge, taken out of Cornelys Mattyson's ship of Calles, at 1d. the load (7 names); the like to Wm. Baker's kyll for burning of brick for Becham Bulwark, taken out of Joyce Fraunces ship of Brudges (18); the like out of Chr. Rex ship of Ross' (11); carrying logs from the water side, which stand on a pile there, to the King's brickery, at 1d. (2); carrying timber from the carpentry for making and mending the bridges at Bullin Gate and carrying old timber to the carpentry (3); carrying reeds and rods from the Becham Tower to the King's storehouse called th'Ermytage, at 2d. the load (4); carrying old timber from the Blockhouse to the carpentry, and timber taken out of an old sluice, 4d. (13).|
“Empsions”:—Payments to John Dosin for numerous items of ironwork, as a labourers' bell weighing 23 lb., 8 new pickaxes occupied at Becham Bulwark, 7 braces for the drawbridge at Bullin Gate, 2 “styrops” for the said gate weighing 48 lb., a pair of “jemews” and a bolt for the Castle, 3 locks for the dongeon in the Castle, 3 keys and a hasp for the prison house there, a new lock and a pair of “jymmeaux” for the tower behind Princes Inn. a hasp, staples and bolt for the same, a “quarter” of oil spent upon the town gates, and 8 pickaxes “occupied in all places necessaries.” Hen. Dyke, smith, for a few similar items. Peter Myller and his fellows for carrying 49 ton of timber to the carpentry out of Segar Anthonyes ship, of Rosendall at 4d. the ton. (This entry cancelled.) John Harlington, of Fynes, for 31 “Cth” of rods for making hurdel for scaffolding of Becham Bulwark, at 11d. the “Cth”; carriage of the same from the market place to the King's storehouse. John Heryden and 3 others, costs going to the quarries at Maidstone for provision of hardstone of Kent for Becham Bulwark against the coming over of the workmen and labourers from the Downs, 3s. 4d. st. apiece. Cornelys Mattyson, of Calles, for freight of 66 ton of logs “made of the tops of the King's timber of Knell Wood,” from Reding in Kent, for burning brick at the King's kyll beyond Newnham Bridge at 18d. st. the ton. Segar Anthony, of Rosendall, like freight for 49 ton of timber and 1 ton of ash for making the carpenters' levels and “porteres” at 2s. st. the ton. Chr. Frank, of Rosendall, for like freight of 66 ton of logs spent at Wm. Baker's kill for burning brick for Becham Bulwark, at 18d. st. Joyce Frankes, of Brudges, for like freight of 67 ton of logs for Baker's kill. Peter Myller and his company carrying 50½ ton of timber out of Segar Anthony's ship to the carpentry, at 4d. John Hollyday, smith, for “piercing the top of the bell that serveth to ring to the works and making certain iron work thereunto for the bell to hang by.” John de Gard, of Tergoo in Holland, for 98 doz. of green maunds to carry brick and chalk in, at 12d. st. the doz. and 30 doz. double maunds to carry lime at 22d. st.
Total, 90l. 11s. 7½d.
viii. The month 14 April 31 Hen. VIII. to 11 May 32 Hen. VIII.
Masons hard hewers working in the masons' lodge hewing of hard stone for Becham Bulwark, 11 at 9¾d. a day; carpenters out of England working upon the wharf new made against Becham Bulwark, 2 at 13d. and 8 at 11½d.; sawyers out of England sawing timber for the wharf against the foresaid bulwark, 4 at 11½d. and 2 at 10d.; bricklayers out of England working upon Becham Bulwark, 48 at 11½d.; rough layers working on the foresaid bulwark, 11 at 11½d.; bricklayers of Calles working on Becham Bulwark, 7 at 11½d.; bricklayers prentices there working, 11 at 9¾d.; labourers out of England bearing brick and chalk to the foresaid bricklayers, 119 at 8¾d.; labourers of Calles bearing of mortar serving the foresaid bricklayers, 85 at 6d.; labourers breaking down the old bulwark at Becham Tower and making clean the brick there, 23 at 6d.; boys making clean bricks that were broken down of the old walls of Becham Bulwark, 7 at 5d.; labourers digging and enlarging the dike new made about Becham Tower, 66 at 8¾d.; labourers of the town and marches of Calles lading carts at the King's brickery, 3 at 6½d.; labourers out of England making of mortar for the bricklayers, 4 at 8¾d. and 4 at 6½d.; water bearers to the mortar makers, 5 at 6½d.; lime quenchers, 4 at 6½d.; water bearers to them, 4 at 6½d.; lime burners and hewers of chalk at Bullyn Well, 1 at 13d., 1 at 9¾d., and 8 at 6½d.; labourers appointed by the King's bill, 1 at 9¾d. and 3 at 6½d.; daily labourers, 7 at 5d.; clerks Robt. Williams and Wm. Mason at 13d. and 4 at 9¾d.
|p. 775.||Long carts carrying chalk from Chalkwell Hill to the King's lime kiln at Bullin Well, at 11½d. the ton (15 names); into the Park for filling up the walls of Becham Bulwark at 11½d. (15). Short carts carrying logs from the river of Dyklond to the King's kiln at 1d. the load (12); logs out of Nele Mattenson's ship, at 1d. (5); logs to the King's brickery at Newham Bridge out of Jas. John's ship, of Rosendall, at 1d. (15); logs which stood by the river of Dyklond to Wm. Baker's kiln, at 1d. (13); “Lukes colys” (Liege coal) from the haven to Bullin Well, out of Cornelys Garratson's ship of Tergo, in Holland, for burning lime there, at 2d. (19); maunds from the haven to the storehouse, out of John Eleerman's ship of Tergo, at 2d. (12); scaffolding to Becham Bulwark from the storehouse “as masts, spars, hurdels, piles, mortar bosses, tubs and divers other necessaries for the works,” at 2d. (29); timber out of the carpentry to Myddelway, for making a bridge there, also hurdles and scaffolding from Rysebank to Becham Bulwark, at 3d. (6); timber from the carpentry to Bullyn Gate for making of “a hulte pas and a brydge there,” at 1d. (18); brick from the King's brickery, from Newham bridge to Becham Bulwark, which was of Wm. Huntes making, at 4d. (34). Tumbrels carrying of lime from the kilns at Bullin Well to the Park, at 2d. (3); sand from the sandhills to the Park, for making mortar, at 1d. (3); coals from th'Ermytage to the foresaid kilns, at 1d. (3).|
“Empsyons”:—Payments to John Dosyn for iron work, old iron at 1d. the lb. and new at 2d., viz., a clasp, rivetting bolt, 2 staples, and a hanging lock for the turnpike at Myddelway; 4 pair of “gymmeawx” for doors in the Castle; a stock lock for the dongeon there, and a cupboard lock for a window “where as the gunpowder lieth”; 3 bars, a bolt, 2 clasps, 8 staples, 2 hooks, a hoop, 2 locks, a bolt and 50 binding nails for the turnpike at St. Blasys; a hanging lock for Lantern Gate; 3 bars of iron, a clasp, 2 staples and a hanging lock for Becham Tower; 8 “hawelles” for making mortar; sharping 11 pickaxes, 11d., 3 “hawssys” made for the drawbridge at Hampnes, 8 lb.; a timber hook of old iron occupied in the carpentry. Robt. Mattresse, of Calais, for 24 great spars for making ladders, 200 double white board to make hods to carry mortar in, and 10d. and 6d. nails used in scaffolding. Wm. Dyar, smith, for 100 great spikes spent about repairing of the floors of the dongeons in the Castle by command of my lord of Sussex; small spikes spent on the said floors, doors, and windows and “about making of an old sallow at Lantern Gate and mending of the bridge there”; spykebolts, plates, and “beem spykes” for the turnpikes at Footman's Inn and Myddellway. Further items of iron work, as battering of masons' irons, shoeing shovels, making pickaxes, making 2 winding bands and 25 nails “for the gyn that windeth timber out of the ships”; nails of various kinds spent in the Castle, the scaffolding at Becham bulwark, divers “haut pasys” about the town walls, setting up rails at Becham bulwark and mending shovels. Elm board to make hodds for mortar and double white board to make barrows and “hoodes.” Making of the vane of the day watch tower and finding copper, painting, and setting up the same on the top of the said tower with four rods of iron weighing 174 lb. “for staying up the same.” Hurdles, maunds, “gret raser maundes for carrying of lime,” mortar tubs, “cowlles” for bearing water from the dyke to the mortar heap, buckets for drawing water, 11 hogsheads and a puncheon to put water in at the mortar heap, hoops for hooping “thesayd colys and water tobbys,” 68 “styckes” of canvas to lay in the waggons for carrying of lime from Calkwell Hill to the Park for Becham bulwark. Lath nails spent in the Wardrobe, taking down and setting up “cassys” and “quarelles” of glass. Edw. Skell, chandler, for raser maunds spent at the lime kilns at Chalkwell Hill, small maunds to carry away rubbish, sixpenny nails for scaffolding, 2 doz. “lyne” for the bricklayers to work by. “A great iron bar for the kiln, to turn and raise up the chalk and coals when they be brennyng”; 2 great hurdles with their “startynges” to defend the wind and rain from the lime kiln, a hogshead for water “for washing of the coals,” an iron “boult” for carrying away rubbish from the chalk, 2 shod shovels for casting coals into the kiln, 2 “old lime cloths which serveth for carrying of lime in the waggons,” and 2 “chaulder” of Lukes coal spent in burning of lime at the kiln, and 4½ cwt. of lime delivered at the Park by Becham bulwark. Masons at 1½d. the hour, and labourers at 1d., working in their “hour times” at the vault at Becham bulwark. Carriage of two turnpikes from the carpentry in Calais to Hampnes, and setting them up and casting a dyke by them. Mariners for “the passing of 300 workmen and labourers from the Downs to Calles which were fet by Ric. Lee, the King's surveyor,” 16l. 5s.; and fishermen for carrying them from the shore to the ships, 16s. 3d. John Sylvester, painter, “for making a plat for Ard,” 48s. 9d. Boatmen at Calles for landing the 300 workmen from the ship in the Road to the stair at Lantern Gate, 40s. 7d. Seventeen dozen shovels. Five watchmen for watching on Becham bulwark 14 nights, 35s. Freight of logs and timber out of Knell Wood, from Reding, in Kent, in the ships of Hen. Golding, Cornelys Mattenson and Jharvys Johnson, of Rosendale, and carriage of the same to the carpentry. Cornelys Garson, of Tergo, in Holland, for freight of 17 chalder of “Lukes cooll” for burning lime at Bullin Well and Chalkwell Hill, at 4s. 8d. st. the chalder. Passing over from Dover and landing at the stair at Lantern Gate of 21 brickmakers for Calles and Guisnes. Ric. a Ley, surveyor of Calles, costs of going over to fetch labourers from the Downs by my lord of Sussex's command “the space of iiij days,” 4l. 12s. 1d. John Gelderman for single maunds and green maunds. Elm board to make “bossys” and barrows. Wm. Hunt for making and burning of 123½ thousand of brick, the King finding wood, 16l. 14s. 5d. Wm. Mounte, dwelling in the Caussy, for burning 3,600 of lime, the King finding coals, 7l. 6s.; carriage of the same from Calkwell Hill to the Park beside Becham Bulwark, 10l. 19s.
Total, 411l. 10s. 0¾d.
|ix. The month 12 May to 8 June 32 Hen. VIII.|
|p. 797.||Wages and occupations described (as in the preceeding) of 6 masons, 10 carpenters, 4 sawyers out of England at 11½d. and 2 of Calles at 10d., 58 bricklayers out of England at 11½d. a day or 1½d. an hour, 8 roughlayers at the quarry at Chalkwell Hill making “quarelles for Becham Bulwark and the foundation of the countermure of the dyke of the said bulwark,” 19 bricklayers of Calles, 83 labourers out of England and 83 of Calles, 15 boys bearing bricks and mortar, 26 labourers breaking down the old bulwark, 80 enlarging the dike and beating down the old countermure wall, 21 out of England working at the chalk pits, 4 making rough mortar, 6 water bearers, 16 fine mortar makers, and 6 water bearers to them, 10 lime burners, 3 quenchers, 4 water bearers to them, 3 scaffolders at 6d., 4 labourers at the brickery, 4 appointed by the King's bill, 8 daily labourers, Robt. Williams and 5 other clerks, and 5 watchers by night upon Becham bulwark.|
|p. 813.||Long carts carrying chalk from Chalkwell Hill to Bullin Well, at 11½d. the ton (21 names); carrying chalk to Becham bulwark at 11½d. (21). Short carts carrying brick from the Master Mason's kiln to Becham bulwark, at 4d. the load (45); from Nele Robson's kiln at 4d. (35). Long waggons carrying clay from Newham Bridge to Betcham bulwark at 1s. 8d. the day (4). Tumbrels carrying rubbish from the dike at Betcham bulwark at 16d. a day (13); carrying rubbish from the chalk pits at St Martyn's Hill at 12d. the day (5). Short carts carrying hard stone from the Haven to Betcham bulwark, taken from John Reynoldes ship, at 2d. the load (25); carrying Lukes coal from the Haven to the storehouse called the Armytage, out of Henry Straunger's ship of Rosendall, at 2d. (20); Newcastell coal out of Morres de la Noy's ship of Harwich at 2d. (23); scaffolding and many other necessaries from the Armytage to Betcham bulwark at 2d. (36); carrying board and spars to make “bossys,” ladders and other necessaries for the King's works, at 1d. (16); carrying logs from the river of Dyklond to Master Mason's kiln, out of Cleyse Williams' ship at 1d. (18), out of Jas. Jacobson's ship of Rosendall (21); carrying logs from Dyklond to brick kilns beyond Newham Bridge, out of Jarvis Watermylle's ship of Rosendall, at 1d. (15). Tumbrels carrying lime from the kilns at Bullin Well to Betcham bulwark at 2d. (3), sand from the Sand Hills at 1d. (3); carrying coals from th'Ermytage to Bullin Well to the lime kilns.|
“Empsyons”:—Payments to John Dosin for 8 pickaxes weighing 56 lb., 2 crows weighing 63 lb., a bolt and 2 plattes for a wheel-barrow to carry away rubbish, a key for the vault door at Betcham bulwark, a hanging lock, hasp, and 2 staples for another door there, 3 iron bars, 2 pair of cannon hooks to take up maunds with old bricks out of the dikes, a “styrop” and staple for the dongeon door in the Castle, a key and “gymmew” for the utter gate of the Castle, 2 “styrops” and 8 staples for the inner gate at Hampnys, bridge nails and gymmews for the bridge there; 4 “sowdryng irons,” 2 “saddylles,” an iron fork, and a “skommer” for the King's plumbery. Wm. Dyer, smith, for 2 spike-bolts for Hams Castle, weighing 51 lb., spikes for Betcham bulwark and the plumbery, and the “battering” of tools. Other smiths for locks and sharpening of tools. White board, elm board, nails, line for the brick layers, “gret skowpes,” water buckets and cowlles, hogsheads, hoops and hurdles. Masons working overtime. Four barrels of beer “which was given amongst the workmen at Betcham bulwark,” 16s. Two residents at the Cawsy for burning and carriage of lime. Freight of timber from Knell Wood laden at Reding, Kent, in ships of Cornelys Mattynson and Arnold Dommys of Rosendale. Wm. Baker, the master mason of Calles, for 306,000 of brick delivered at his kiln beyond Newnham Bridge, he finding straw, sand, workmanship, and all necessaries for the making thereof save wood for burning, 55l. 18s. 9½d. Nele Robson and Wm. Hunte, brickmakers, for 195,000 bricks, 68l. 5s. John Reynoldes, of Maidstone, freight of hard stone of Kent from Maidstone. Gabriel Cawdwell, of London, for “blockes and soylles,” “table skew,” “ashler,” and “endstones.” Hen, Strainger, of Rosendall, freight of 25 chalder of Lukes coal at 5s. 4d. st. Morres de la Noy, of Dounwich, freight of 31 chalder of Newcastle coal for burning lime, at 6s. 10d. st. Cleys Williamson, of Tergoo, and Jas. Jacobson and Jervys Watermylles, of Rosendall, freight of logs from Knell Wood for burning brick. Huddryk Vinson, of Andwerp, for 14 cwt. of single bridge nail “for making and mending of bridges and divers other necessaries and fortifications” at 10s. st. the cwt.; also other nails and a dozen “gret shruppes for lading and ossing (sic) of water for the fundacyons about Betcham bullwerk.” Garret Bryll, of Andwerp, for 200 “caperns for making of scaffolding,” and 600 double spars, laden in Martin James's ship, of Calles, when he was laden with “tarras” for the works at Guisnes. Carriage of timber from the haven to the carpentry. 16,400 of “Newport bryk,” 7l. 15s. 5½d. Thos. Yong, costs going for provision into Flanders, 28 days at 16d. st.
Total, 802l. 18s. 8½d.
x. The month 9 June to 6 July 32 Hen. VIII.
Wages and occupations described (as in the preceding) of 4 masons, 9 carpenters, 6 sawyers sawing “posts, plattes, and many other things for Betcham bulwark,” 59 bricklayers, 7 rough layers, 28 bricklayers of Calles, 67 labourers out of England, 63 of Calles, 30 boys bearing brick and carrying off rubbish, 21 labourers breaking down the old bulwark, 20 of Calles cleaning old brick, 71 labourers out of England digging and enlarging the dike, 18 at the chalk pits, 5 making rough mortar with 6 water bearers, 16 making fine mortar with 6 water bearers, 10 burning lime at Bullin Well, 4 quenching lime with 4 water bearers, 4 making scaffolds, 4 at the brickery, 4 appointed by the King's bill, 8 daily labourers, and Williams, Mason, and 4 other clerks.
|p. 854.||Long carts carrying chalk from Chalkwell Hill to the lime kilns at 11½d. the ton (20 names); to Betcham bulwark at 11d. (24); carrying quarelles and blocks from the chalk pits beyond Chalkwell Hill unto the Park beside Betcham bulwark for the foundation of the countermure there about the dike, at 16d. the load (12). Short carts carrying brick from Wm. Baker's kiln to Betcham bulwark at 4d. the load (89); carrying “tarras and stoon lym” out of the haven to the storehouse from John Gelders ship of Holland, at 2d. (45); Newcastle coal to Bullin Well out of John Aborow's ship, at 2d. (24); Newcastle coal to the storehouse, out of Hen. Varnam's ship, at 2d. (22) brick which was bought in Flanders and delivered in the haven, at 2d. (40); Lukes coal from the haven to Bullin Well, at 2d. (40); Newcastle coal from the haven to the storehouse out of Adrian Harryson's ship, at 2d. (29); Newcastle coal from the haven to Bullin Well out of Robt. Johnson's ship, at 2d. (20); Lukes coal from the haven to Bullin Well out of Adrian Down's ship, at 2d. (18); Newcastle coal from the haven to the storehouse out of Morres Dyrrykson's ship, of Holland, at 2d. (20); hard stone and ashler out of the haven to the Park beside Betcham bulwark, at 2d. (11); hard stone from the masons' lodge and scaffolding from the carpentry, at 2d. (31); logs from Dyklond to the King's and Mr. Mason's brick kilns, at 1d., out of Joyse Harres' ship (14), Chr. Jacobson's (23), and Cornelys Williamson's (18); necessaries within the town, at 1d. (12). Tumbrels carrying rubbish at the chalk pit at St Martin's Hill, at 12d. the day (5); carrying lime from Bullin Well to Betcham bulwark, at 2d. the load (3); carrying sand from the sand hills for making mortar, at 1d. (3).|
“Empsyons”:—Payments to John Dosin for a “cros anker for the jakes at Betcham bullwerk” weighing 76 lb., two cross bars, 2 stock locks, a cross with a bolt, 2 stone hooks with a pair of hinges, and a quarter of “anker nayll” for doors in the vault, and a bar for a window there; 2 iron “gojeons” for a new postern in the Breys; 158 “bolts for locks and keys for the new jutty”; 3 “cryses” of iron for the quarrymen to break chalk, weighing 123 lb.; 8 bolts with plattes for wheelbarrows; “shoeing of a bake pan, iij crossbands with iron viij square bands occupied in the King's plumbery”; a clapper for the watch bell at Hamps, 42 bars for glass windows in the castle there, a hook with a bolt for the great gate of the prison house, and 2 hanging locks for the said prison house. Robt. Holl, smith, for shovels and pickaxes. Bast ropes at 4d. the piece, “barrows grece” at 3¼d. the lb., line at 12d. the dozen, buckets at 4d. each, “coulles” at 10d., hogsheads at 13d., hoops for hooping old hogsheads, buckets, and tubs, at 1d. or ½d. each, 30 lb. of “sowder [spent] about mending the laver in the Staple In” at 6d. the lb., 36 lb. spent in mending the pipes of the laver; a rake to rake sand in the mould at the casting of the webs of lead, 6d., a “syff” to sift the sand, 10d.; glasier's work, such as “taking down of vj caasys in th'Ermytage wherein is set in new lead viij foot of old glass,” at 2½d. the foot; mending pickaxes, spades, and shovels; paving one of the courts in the Staple Inn, 400 paving tile “occupied about paving the entry by the laver,” at 2s. 8d. the 100. Four watchmen in the night time on Betcham bulwark, 28 nights at 6d. each. Lath spent about lathing the house next the “cytchin” at Hamps, 24 bundles at 1s.; 13 doz. hurdles for Betcham bulwark at 4s. Masons and labourers working by the hour. One dwelling at the Cawsy, for 3,700 of lime, he finding all charges save coal, 7l. 8s.; carriage of the same from Chalkwell Hill to the Park beside Betcham bulwark, 11l. 2s. The warden of the masons for 3 barrels of beer given in reward among the labourers, 12s. One of St. Omer's for a rope for the day watch bell, 18 lb. at 2d. John Gelderman, of Tergo, freight of 80 ton of “tarras and stoon lym” bought at Andwerp for making the vaumure at Betcham bulwark, 7l. 17s. 7d. Wm. Baker, master mason of Calais, for 157,000 of brick made on his own ground beyond Newnham Bridge, the King finding wood for burning, at 2s. 3d. the 1,000; also “another kiln of brick,” 159,000. Freight of the following ships, viz., of Robt. Snellyng, of Calles, for 45 chalder of Newcastle coal at 6s. 8d. st., Hen. Vernam, of Calles, 52 chalder, Wm. Cornelyson, of Rosendall, 25,000 of brick from Newpoort in Flanders, 3l. 15s. 10d., Wm. Johnson, of Dort, 31 chalder of Lukes coal at 5s. 2d. st., Adrian Harryson, of Rosendall, 72 chalder of Newcastle coal at 6s. 8d. st., Robt. Johnson, of Calles, 29 chalder 4 bushels, Adrian Down, of Dort, 31 chalder of Lukes coal, Morrys Dyrrykson, of Dort, 41 chalder of Newcastle coal, Joys Henrys, of Brydges, and Christian Jacobson and Cornelys Williamson, of Rosendall, logs out of Knell Wood from Reding, Kent, to Dyklond haven at 18d. st. the ton. Brick bought at Newport, 25,000 at 4s., 354 barrels of “tarras” bought at Antwerp at 12½d. st., and 20 barrels of stone lime at 6d., 1,000 of white board at 2s. the 100, cost of lading 24s. 4½d., custom 6s. 1d., toll 2s. 5¼d.
Total, 836l. 17s. 3¼d.
xi. The month 6 July to 2 Aug. 32 Hen. VIII.
Wages and occupations described (as before) of 4 masons out of England, 9 carpenters, 6 sawyers, 37 bricklayers out of England, 5 rough layers at the quarry, 27 bricklayers of Calais, 7 prentices, 60 bricklayers' labourers out of England, 66 of Calais, 37 boys, 27 labourers out of England breaking down the old dike, 22 of Calais cleaning old bricks, 70 out of England digging and enlarging the dike, 10 at the chalk pits, 5 making rough mortar for Betcham bulwark and the countermure dike with 6 bearing water to them, 13 of Calais making fine mortar with 6 water bearers, 10 burning lime, 8 quenching lime, 4 making scaffolds, 4 lading carts at the brickery, 4 appointed by the King's bill, 7 daily labourers, Williams, Mason, and 4 other clerks.
|p. 903.||Long carts occupied as before (23, 22, and 22 names). Short carts carrying brick from Wm. Baker's kiln and the King's brickery beyond Newnham Bridge, at 4d. (48 and 48). Tumbrels carrying away rubbish that was cast out of the dike about Betcham bulwark at 16d. the day (10). Short carts carrying Newcastle coal, tarras, brick, &c., from various ships in the haven (a large number); carrying timber from the carpentry to the wharf new made by Betcham bulwark, stone from the masons' lodge and other necessaries at 2d. the load (36); carrying logs from the river of Dyklond to the brick kilns out of various ships, at 1d. the load (30); carrying necessaries within the town, at 1d. (9). Tumbrels carrying lime from Bullin Well to the Park, sand from the Sand Hills to the Park and coal from th'Ermytage to Bullin Well, at 1d. the load (3).|
“Empsyons”:—To John Dosin for 3 pair of stone hooks and a bar for a loop for Betcham bulwark; 52 new bolts, 98 “forlocks and keys,” 4 new “ankers,” a crow of iron weighing 31 lb., “dryveng pynnys and ij clensyng hammars,” all occupied about the new jutty; 4 bolts for two wheelbarrows, weighing 10 lb.; a quarter of “armyng neyll” and 2 “essys” for the bridge made at Bullin Gate; a pint of oil, 3d.; hinges, locks, and window “cassys.” Wm. Dyer, smith, for “bolts with their keys and forlocks, occupied about the new jutty”; also small bolts with their “rings and forlocks.” Battering of tools, locks for doors and windows made against lord Matrevers' coming, other locks and keys, hinges, crows, chalkaxes, pickaxes, wheelbarrow bolts, and “xvj scalles and viij wedges.” Other similar emptions to those in the preceding month, among them solder spent upon the “sustern” at Rysebank, and about the cocks of the laver in Staple Inn. Freight of the following ships, viz., of Christian Mychell, of Tergo, with 57 chalder of Newcastle coal; John Gelders, of Tergo, with 80 ton of tarras and stone lime from Antwerp; Andrew Johnson, of Tergo, with 60 ton of “tarras, whytbord, capperatons, kyrksparres, bastes, neylles” and other necessaries from Antwerp; John Ravin and John Fraunces, of Brudges, and Adrian Johnson and Peter Adrianson, of Dort, with brick from Dounkyrk; Adrian Park, Segar Anthony, Wm. Pax, and Arnold Dounys, of Rosendall, and Wm. Cornelysson, of Calais, with logs from Knell Wood. Carriage of 60 tons of timber from the haven to the carpentry at 4d. Making of a well in Mother Symondes garden, 19s. 6d. Brick bought at Newport, 110,000 at 4s. 6d. the 1,000. Tarras bought at Antwerp, 418 barrels at 12½d.; stone lime for making mortar for the vaumure of Betcham bulwark, 180 barrels at 6d.; white board for making “simpters, bossys and barrows,” 9,000 at 22s. 6d. the 1,000; caprons for making scaffolds, 400, at 21s. 3d. the 100; kyrksparres for making scaffolds, 400 at 11s. 8d.; a large quantity of nails and spikes, bast ropes, for making scaffolds; 1 doz. wheelbarrow wheels ready made at 6d. each; 60 lb. of grease for greasing the timber cart, bridges, and “swips,” at 1½d. the lb.; carriage of the nails and timber a ship board, 2s. 6d., and of the tarras, &c., 22s. 6d.; the town clerk for custom, 6s. 6d., and the court clerk for the seigneur's toll, 3s.; all the above stuff bought at Antwerp being reckoned in “st” money, not “gr.” Thos. Yong, riding to Antwerp to provide the said stuff, 3l. 11s. 0¼. A labourer for ringing of the bell in his hour times for the labourers to come to work, 28 days at 5d. the day.
Total 853l. 10s. 5d.
xii. The month 3 to 30 Aug. 32 Hen. VIII.
Wages and occupations described (as before) of 5 masons, 9 carpenters, 6 sawyers, 38 bricklayers out of England, 4 roughlayers, 22 bricklayers of Calais, 7 prentices, 60 bricklayers' labourers out of England, 70 of Calais, 37 boys, 26 labourers out of England breaking down the old Becham bulwark and the old countermure wall about the dyke, 16 of Calais cleaning old brick, 67 out of England digging and enlarging the dike, 9 working with the roughlayers at the chalk pits digging out blocks and quarelles for the foundation of the new countermure wall at Becham bulwark, 6 making rough mortar with 7 water bearers, 15 of Calais making fine mortar with 4 water bearers, 10 burning lime, 4 quenching lime, 4 bearing water to them, 4 making scaffolding, 4 lading carts at the brickery, 4 appointed by the King's bill, 7 daily labourers, and 6 clerks.
|p. 947.||Long carts occupied as before (21, 17, and 16 names); carrying of sea clay from the low water mark beyond Newhambridge unto the new wharf made by Becham bulwark, at 2s. 8d. a day (15). Short carts carrying brick from the kilns, at 4d. the load, hard stone from the haven, at 2d.; boards, &c., from th' Ermitage, and hard stone from the masons' lodge, at 2d.; logs from Dyklong to the brick kilns out of various ships, at 1d. (many names). Tumbrels carrying necessaries within the town at 1d. the load (7): carrying earth and sand for filling the new jutty made before Becham bulwark, at 16d. a day (35); carrying coal from the storehouse to Bullin Well at 1d., lime from Bullin Well at 2d., and sand from the Sand hills, at 1d. the load (3).|
“Empsyons”:—To John Dosin for making a “swepe” for the postern bridge at Bullin Gate, weighing 32 lb.; 14 iron bars for the said bridge; a pair of hinges for an “allmary” there where the keys be laid in in day times, 10 armyng nails spent on the said bridge, 8 bolts for the “swips,” and mending of bars and chains there. Hinges for doors at Rysebank and plattes and bolts for the bridge there, battering of tools, bolts with their rings and keys for the new jutty. Cooper's work. Four pounds of “boorys grece,” occupied about greasing gogeons and iron work at Bullin Gate, at 3½d. the lb. One dwelling at the Cawsy for 4,000 of line, 8l., and carriage of it 12l.; 33 hurdles at 4d. each. 41 labourers of Marke and the low country working two days apiece, “the one day cleansing of the dikes on the south side of the town here, the other at the Cowbrydge helping to make the four trenches there ” at 6d. a day. 21 labourers out of the lordship of Hamps working 2 days each “the one about the cleansing of the dikes of the skluse and th'other day about cleansing and casting the foresaid four trenches,” at 6d. a day. 71 labourers taken out of the King's works here for one day's labour about casting of the foresaid trenches at Cowbrydge, 57s. 8d. A barrel of beer among the 61 labourers that wrought at Becham bulwark, which they had on the evening before their going forth to Cowbrydge, 4s.; 2 doz. of bread spent among them the said evening, 3s. 3d.; 6 barrels of beer spent amongst the retinue of Calles and also the labourers there at the foresaid Cowbridge, 24s.; 13 doz. of bread spent there, 21l. 1½d., with 180 lb. of Essex cheese at 1¼d., 40 lb. of butter at 2½d. and 20 bunches of onion at 1½d.; 2½ doz. drinking pots at 12d. st. the doz. and 4 pots to put butter in, 6d.; short carts occupied a day and a night in carriage of maunds and other necessaries from th'Ermytage to Cowbrydge. Purchase and freight of 40 doz. spades and shovels bought at Tenderdin in Kent; 4½ doz. of single maunds for Cowbrydge. Purchase and freight of timber in various ships, also of hard stone and ashler from Maidstone. Ringing of the labourers' bell. Ric. Lee, surveyor of Calles, costs into England with letters from the lord Deputy and Council here concerning the Cowbrydge, the King being at Hampton Court, 23 days at 7s. st.
Total, 816l. 4s. 1d.
xiii. The month 31 Aug. to 30 Sept. 32 Hen. VIII.
Wages and occupations described (as before), of 5 masons, 9 carpenters, 6 sawyers sawing “starlinges and bynderes” for the jutty, 36 bricklayers out of England, 3 roughlayers, 19 bricklayers of Calais, 5 prentices, 67 labourers out of England, 62 of Calais, 30 boys, 6 labourers of Calais beating of tarras, 19 cleaning old brick, 54 digging the dike, 5 working with the roughlayers, 5 making rough mortar with 6 water bearers, 14 of Calais making fine mortar with 5 water bearers, 10 burning lime, 4 quenching lime, 4 water bearers to them, 3 scaffolders, 3 labourers lading carts at the brickery, 3 appointed by the King's bill, 7 daily labourers and 5 clerks.
|p. 990.||Long carts carrying chalk from Chalkwell Hill to Bullin Well, at 11½d. the ton (12 names); to the Park by Becham bulwark, at 11½d. (12); to the East Jutty for filling thereof, at 11½d. (14); from the cliffs beyond Sandgate to the West Jutty by Rysebank, at 16d. (25); carrying clay from the flow mark beyond Newham Brydge to the wharf by Lantern Gate for mending the same, at 8d. a day (9). Short carts carrying brick, hard stone, Newcastle coal, and logs as in previous months (many names). Tumbrels carrying earth and sand to fill the new jutty at 16d. the day (6); carrying lime to the Park at 2d., sand from the Sand Hills to the bulwark for making mortar, at 1d., and for quenching lime, at 1d. (3).|
“Empsyons”:—A cross-bar for a loop at Becham bulwark weighing 38 lb.; 5 bars and a quartern of “anker neyll” for the bridge at Lantern Gate; mending links in the chain of the said bridge; hinges for a door and hinges and key for a coffer “that the keys lieth in” there; hinges and locks for various doors; hinges for the window in the tower “ther as the banner wetch is kept in the hering tyme”; a staple for the “swip” of the bridge at Lantern Gate; bolts, &c., for “mending of the wharf by the cran”; and many other items of smith's work. Watchmen at Becham bulwark, workmen working on holidays, purchase of lime, purchase and carriage of timber, 100 of single white board for making “templettes and plumrules,” wax and rosin to make “symond and greyn withal for piecing of hard stone withal,” ringing of the labourers' bell. Freight of several ships with hard stone, Newcastle coal, and logs. Wm. Burgat, warden of the masons, for their “steeling monny” for a whole year at 2s. st. each, 48s. 9d. Purchase of brick. Six mariners of Calles and Dover for transporting of 240 labourers and 21 brickmakers to Dover, at 8d. apiece. Making of 32,000 tile, the King finding wood for burning, 5l. 4s.; also 500 roof and corner tile, 14s. 10½d. To 46 bricklayers in reward at their departure, 49s. 3½d.; also 14 carpenters and sawyers, 15s. 2d. Felling, hewing, and stapling of 451 ton of timber in Knell Wood, at 10d. the ton; drawing the same with oxen to the water-side, at 2d., lading into the lighters, at 2d.; carrying a shipboard, at 6d. Felling, making, hewing and carrying to the water-side of 1,367 load of logs, whereof part was made of the tops of the trees that were felled in the said wood, at 6d. the load; carrying the same with the lighter to the ships at Apledore, Oxnay and Readinge, at 3d.; 4½ ton of ash for making levers, “portars,” and “gynnys” and for repairing the timber carts, at 3s. 4d. the ton; 6 load of lath delivered here at 10s. (These English payments reckoned in sterling money.) Parchment, paper, pen and ink for making of the King's books and plattes by the space of one whole year, 45s. st. = 3l. 13s. 1½d. gr.
Total, 794l. 7s. 6d.
Total for the year, 5,144l. 4s. 4½d.
A bound book of 376 pages numbered in a modern hand 661 to 1036 as part of a series. In vellum cover, entitled: “A book of controlment,” &c.
|29 Sept.||99. Works at Guisnes and Hammes.|
|R. O.||A book similar to the preceding, made by Ryngeley upon payments by Ric. Lee, for works at Guisnes “beginning the xvij day of February ao xxxj, and ending the xvij day of March xxxijo” (so in the heading, but the last payment is for the month ending 27 Sept. ao 32).|
i. The month 17 Feb. to 17 March 31 Hen. VIII.
Long carts at 10d. the load (9 names). A clerk, Wm. Lacye, at 11½d. the day. The making of “the foresaid” 210 loads of great wood in the forest of Guisnes “for burning of brick for the castle of Guynys” at 10d. the load.
Total, 19l. 19s. gr.
ii. The month “ begun the xviij day Merche ao xxxj R. H. viijth and ending in ao xxxij R. H. viijth the xiiij day of Apriell.”
Labourers working at the brickery hewing of great wood for brenning brick there, 4 at 6½d. the day. Long carts carrying great wood from the forest of Guynys to the King's brickery for brennyng of brick there (13 names); for hedging the brickery (6); carrying great wood from Hammes Vent in the said forest to the brickery, at 8d. (8). A clerk.
Emptions:—Making 356 loads of great wood, 56 of which came out of Hams Vent, at 11d. the load, felling and making; felling and making of 12 loads of “burras” for hedging the brickery, at 8d. Thos. Barewell's costs “going and coming between Callis and Guynys by the space of ij months,” 32l. 6d.
Total, 35l. 8s. 5d.
iii. The month 15 April to 12 May 32 Hen. VIII.
Bricklayers out of England upon the keep in the castle of Guynys, 27 at 11¾d. Labourers out of England working upon the said keep bearing away earth, 52 at 8¾d.; working in the base court making clean of lime kilns, 3 at 6d.; working at the quarry digging chalk for the lime kiln, 8 at 6½d.; lading carts at the brickery, 4 at 6d.; hedging the castle dike and brickery, 5 at 6d.; digging sand, 2 at 6d.; hewing chalk and burning lime, 1 at 13d., 1 at 9¾d., and 9 at 6d.; quenching lime, 4 at 6½d.; drawing and bearing of water to quench the lime, 5 at 6½d. Clerks and overseers, viz., Thos. Barwell at 13d., Wm. Lacye at 11¾d., and 2 at 6½d.
Long carts carrying chalk from the King's Vent quarry to lime kilns in the base court, at 3d. the load (3 names); faggots from the King's Vent out of the forest to the brickery, at 10d. (13); burras and stakes for making the hedge about the castle dike, at 10d. (8). Short carts carrying Lukes coal from the haven of Callis to the ferry of St. Peter's, at 4d. (16); carrying “sparres, bordis, morter tobbis, bossis, herssies, hard stone,” and other necessaries from the King's storehouse to St. Peter's, at 4d. (16). Tumbrels carrying lime from the lime kilns in the base court into the castle for making mortar, at 10d. the day (2); sand from the sand hills to the castle (2). Freight of boats from St. Peter's to the castle of Guynys, at 5d. the freight (21).
Emptions:—To one dwelling in Anderne for 76 rasors of lime delivered in the castle, at 7d. To Derick Derickson, of Rosendal, for freight of 27 chaldern of Lukes coal delivered in the haven of Callis, at 5s. st. Freight of boats with coal from the haven to the lime kilns in the base court for burning lime, at 5d. the freight. Cowls to carry water, a hogshead to measure lime, &c., nails for making “bossis,” making of faggots, at 11d. the hundred, felling and making of 25 loads of “burras and stackys,” at 8d. Making scaffolds about the keep, 13s.; 10 doz. hurdles for making the same, 40s.
Total, 79l. 13s. 2d.
iv. The month 13 May to 9 June ao 32.
Masons hard hewers of the ordinary wages hewing of hard stone, 4 at 6½d. a day; masons hard hewers out of England hewing of hard stone at Guynys, 6 at 10¾d.; carpenters of the ordinary wages working about boarding the new kitchen and making other necessaries there in the castle, 6 at 6½d.; bricklayers out of England working upon the keep, 24 at 11½d.; labourers bearing brick and mortar to them, 60 at 8¾d.; labourers of Guynys bearing up mortar to the keep, 33 at 6d.; labourers digging chalk at the quarries, 7 at 6½d.; beating “tarris” for the “vamewre of the kepe,” 8 at 8¾d.; making rough mortar, 4 at 8¾d.; fine mortar, 6 at 6d.; 8 burning lime in the base court, 3 quenching lime, 2 drawing water, 4 lading carts, 3 digging sand, and 4 clerks and overseers, as before.
Long carts carrying brick from the brickery to the castle, at 6½d. the 1,000 (5 names); faggots from the King's Vent to the brickery, at 10d. the load (13); “rutters” from Hams Vent to the brickery, at 8d. (5); “burras” out of the King's Vent in the Forest for making a hedge about the dike of the castle, at 8d. (3); hard stone of Kent from the haven to St. Peter's ferry for the vamure of the keep, out of John Raynoldes ship, of Maidstone, at 4d. (7). Short carts carrying Lukes coal from the haven of Callis to St. Peter's, at 4d. (6). Long carts carrying chalk from the quarry to the base court, at 3d. (2). Short carts carrying Newcastle coal from Calais haven to St. Peter's, at 4d., out of Thos. Johnes ship (9), out of Hen. Adrian's (25); carrying “tarris and hard stone lime” for the vamure of the keep, out of John Gelders ship (19); “tarris,” &c., with “sparris mastes and burdes” out of Martin Johnson's ship (10); carrying “tarris” and stone lime and hard stone from the waterside to the castle, at 2d. (3). Great tumbrels carrying sand from the sand pits into the castle, at 12d. a day (5). Tumbrels carrying lime from the kilns into the base court, at 10d. (2). Boats from St. Peter's to the castle, at 5d. (21).
“Emposicious”:—Pickaxes, hoops, clasps, staples, shovels, plattes, bolts, &c., for the turnpikes, and spikes for the drawbridge. Scaffold making and hurdles for scaffolds. A rope to draw water at the well, 13d. Green maunds to be occupied at the chalk pits, freight of boats with coal from Calais haven, pickaxes for beating down the old bulwark, white board for making “bossis,” nails of various kinds, single maunds from Rotterdam, 2½ doz. mortar tubs, 100 hogsheads to put lime and tarras in. Passage of 4 bricklayers from Dover to Calais 5s. 5d., and their coming from Ipswich to Calais 6 days, at 6d. st. each. Wax and rosin for the masons to make “cyment” withal; “chelving” of 12 pickaxes, 12d. Buckets, scoops, hogsheads, hooping of the hogsheads that carried the “tarris,” and freight of 32 ton of hard stone of Kent, from Maidstone, at 3s. st. Gabriel Caldwell, of London, for “blokes,” “table skewe,” “asler,” and “legement tabull,” detailed. Making of 281½ thousand bricks in the King's brickery, the King finding wood, at 20d. st. the 1,000. Purchase, freight, and carriage of Lukes coal, Newcastle coal, “tarres” and “stone lime” bought in Antwerp, spars and nails (several items). Making of faggots and rutters and “burras for fenyshing of the hege about the castill dick at Guynys.” Purchase and carriage from Antwerp of “tarres,” “stone lime,” white board for mending floors in the keep and the milk house, shovels, double spars, “capryn” spars, and nails.
Total, 470l. 2s. 10d.
v. The month 10 June to 12 July a o 30 (sic) Hen. VIII.
Wages (as before) of 4 masons hard hewers of the ordinary wages, and 5 from England, 2 carpenters setting up the turnpike beside the park hedge, 25 bricklayers out of England working on the vamure of the keep, 67 labourers out of England serving them, 37 labourers of Guynys, 8 of England beating of “tarris,” 7 digging chalk, 4 making rough mortar, 6 making fine mortar, 4 lading carts, 3 digging sand, 10 burning lime, 3 drawing water, 4 quenching lime, 2 clerks, and 2 overseers.
Long carts carrying chalk (2 names), brick (4), timber from Callis at 2s. 8d. the load (27), and faggots (10). Short carts carrying hard stone from Callis Haven to St. Peter's (26). Long carts carrying Newcastle coal from the Haven to St. Peter's at 4d. the load (19). Short carts carrying scaffolding spars from Callis to St. Peter's (16), “hard stone tarris and stone lime” from the haven at Guisnes to the castle, at 2d. (2). Tumbrels carrying sand (3). Boats from St. Peter's Ferry to the haven of Guisnes with tarras, stone lime, and other necessaries (16).
Emptions:—Hurdles, freight of coals from the haven at Guisnes to the lime kilns, at 5d. the boat load, bundles of lath at 10d. the bundle. Setting panes and quarrelles of glass in new lead, and other glasier's work, and nails “to nail the glass.” Mortar tubs at 6s. the doz., mending and closing of hogsheads to carry tarras in, and other cooper's work. Wax and rosin, 3s. 8d. The porters' reward for two months, 20s. 3½d. Ropes for the well, at 13d. each, bast ropes at 5d., setting up of scaffolding and making of faggots. Making and mending of the clock in the castle of Guisnes, 24s. 4½d. Bricks at 20d. the 1,000. Freight of Newcastle coals and hard stone. Gabriel Cawdwell “for ijc xx ffoott of copestone and soyke of xviij incheis brode at vijd. st. the foote, sm. vjl. viijs. iiijd. st., for one hundridth of legement tabull and skewe at iiijd. st. the footte sm. xxxiijs. iiijd. st., for xij end stones at xd. st. the pec sm. xs., for one quarterne asler sm. iiijs. s. st.”; total, 9l. 8s. st. or 15l. 5s. 6d. gr.
Total, 321l. 4s.
vi. The month 8 July to 4 Aug. ao 32.
Wages as before of 4 masons of ordinary wages hewing hard stone for the vamure of the keep and the chamber ward, 5 out of England, 2 carpenters of ordinary wages laying of “flowers” of the new watch tower made in the keep, 4 of Callis at 9¾d. making three new horse mills “the one to grind wheat, the other malt, and the third to scour harness,” 2 sawyers at 11d. sawing timber for the same, 25 bricklayers out of England working on the keep and the vamure of the chamber ward, 70 labourers out of England serving them, 36 of Callis and the marches, 7 of England beating tarres for the vamure of the keep, 6 digging chalk, 8 of the castle of Guisnes at 7d. digging of earth and filling maunds in the keep, 5 making rough mortar, 6 making fine, 3 lading carts, 3 digging sand, 9 burning lime, 3 bearing water to quench lime, 4 quenching lime, and 4 clerks and overseers.
Long carts carrying chalk (2 names), and brick (4). Short carts carrying hard stone (23), Newcastle coal (18), and scaffolding spars, &c. (23), from Callis to St. Peter's ferry; carrying “hard stone tarras and stone lime” from the haven of Guisnes into the castle (2). Tumbrels carrying sand (4), and lime (2). Boats from St. Peter's with coal, tarras, stone lime, and other necessaries (14).
Emptions:—Freight of 48 boat loads of coal from the haven of Guisnes into the base court at 5d. Reward given amongst the workmen, 8s. Making scaffolds and mending shovels. To the porters in reward “for keeping in the workmen within the gates,” 9s. 9d. Cooper's work, bricks, and millwright's work at 6d. a day. Freight of hard stone. Caldwall's bill for “soyle and jame,” “ashler,” “legement table,” and “endestones.”
Total, 260l. 7s. 1d.
vii. The month 5 Aug. to 1 Sept. ao 32.
Wages as before of 3 masons of ordinary wages, hewing hardstone for the vamure of the chamber ward, 3 of England, 5 carpenters of ordinary wages beating down and raising of the old floors in the keep, 4 out of England working on the said “flowers,” 4 of Callis making the horsemills, 2 sawyers, I plumber of ordinary wages at 6½d., “covering the roof and the watch tower with lead,” 1 labourer at 6½d. serving him, 24 bricklayers of England working on the vamure of the chamber ward, 46 labourers of England serving them “as bearing up mortar of brick to the vamewre of the chamber ward, and casting of rubbish out of the top of the keep down into the braies besides the gate,” 42 of Guisnes bearing mortar to the bricklayers, 7 of England beating tarres for the vamure of the keep and the chamber ward, 5 making rough mortar, 9 soldiers of the retinue of the castle digging the foundation of the lodging new made within the keep, at 8¾d., 6 labourers of Guisnes making fine mortar, 3 lading carts, 2 digging sand, 9 burning lime, 2 drawing and bearing water, 4 quenching lime for mortar, and 4 clerks and overseers.
Long carts carrying chalk (2 names) and brick (4). Short carts carrying hard stone (21), Newcastle coal (14), boards, stone lime, tarras, &c. (19), from Callis to St. Peter's. Tumbrels carrying sand (3) and lime (3). Short carts carrying “hard stone and barrs” from the haven at Guisnes into the castle (2). Boats bringing hard stone, &c., from St. Peter's (13).
Emptions:—Cooper's work. “To Prestes wife of the Castle for bread and drink for the ‘carreweys’ that ‘browt’ in the keep, carrying away of earth there as the new lodging standeth into the brays by Purton's Bulwark,” 25s. 2 lb. of grease and 1 pint of oil for the mills in the castle, 12d.; wax and rosin for the masons, and candle for them that maketh clean the “jaekys,” 2s. 3d. Making clean of the “jaekis” in the keep, 26s. 9d. A barrel of beer given among the bricklayers, 4s. Making of scaffolding. Bricks, freight of stone, and Caldwell's bill for “blockes and soyles,” &c.
Total, 241l. 11s. 5d.
viii. The month 2 to 27 Sept. ao 32.
Wages as before of 3 masons out of England, 3 of ordinary wages, 4 carpenters of England making a new floor and a “hall pas staire” for the new lodging in the keep, 6 of ordinary wages, 4 of Calais making the horsemills, 2 sawyers, a plumber and his labourer, 27 bricklayers out of England, 39 labourers 47 of Guisnes, 10 of England beating “tarres” for the chamber ward, 7 soldiers bearing rubbish out of the keep, 4 labourers making rough mortar, 8 making fine, 4 lading carts, 2 digging sand, and 2 clerks.
Long carts carrying timber from the King's carpentry in Callis to the castle of Guisnes for making of the new “halpas stayer” there, at 2s. 8d. the load (8 names); carrying brick from the brickery for the new lodging in the keep at 6½d. the 1,000 (4). Short carts carrying hard stone from the King's storehouse to St. Peter's (21); carrying timber and hard stone from the haven into the castle (2). Tumbrels carrying sand (3). Boats from St. Peter's with hard stone, &c. (12).
Emptions:—Cooper's work, scaffold making, 100 lb. of solder “occupied” upon the floor of the keep, 50s. Reward to 24 bricklayers at their departing, 26s.; transport of 113 bricklayers and labourers from Callis to Dover at 8d. st. apiece. Mrs. Raymond of Callis, for one year's rent of her close at Guisnes, wherein the King's brick is made, 5l. Pristes wife of the Castle for bread and drink for the “corwayes.”
Total, 142l. 18s. 8d.
|II. Payments made at Hampnes.|
i. The month 6 July to 2 Aug. ao 32.
Carpenters of the ordinary wages making and setting up the “mantell tree of the chyemney,” and mending the roof of the kitchen in the castle of Hampnes, 3 at 3¼d. Bricklayers making and mending the chimney in the kitchen, and mending of the walls and “groundcellis” of the said kitchen, and repairing of the old ovens there, 2 at 11d.; tiling and poynting of the said kitchen, and a border larder standing by, 2 at 9⅓d. A tiler of the ordinary wages at 3¼d. Labourers making mortar and serving the bricklayers, 7 at 6½d.
Long carts carrying the mantell tre and other stuff from the King's carpentry to Hampnes castle at 2s. the load (2 names 3 loads). Short carts carrying spars, hurdles mortar tubs, lath nails, and other necessaries from the King's storehouse called the Armytage to St. Peter's ferry at 4d. (3 names, 5 loads). Tumbrels carrying brick from the King's brickery at St. Gartredes into the castle of Hampnes, and sand from the water side at 12d. the day (2 names). Eight boat freights from St. Peter's ferry (1 name).
Emptions:—3 oven irons weighing 33lb., mending 2 buckets 12d., a hogshead to keep the mortar heap 10d., 2 buckets to draw water at the well for quenching lime 16d. Burning and carriage of 400 of lime, and 62 loads of sand delivered at Collham for making mortar at Hampnes castle, 5s. 2d.
Total, 14l. 12s. 2¾d.
|p. 339||ii. The month 3 to 30 Aug. ao 32.|
Wages as before of 3 carpenters, “pulling down the end of a house that standeth in the court which was falling down, whereas the grain lieth and setting up of the same again in the castle of Hames,” 2 bricklayers pulling down and making up the gable end and the walls of the said house, 7 labourers making mortar and helping the bricklayers.
Long carts carrying timber from Callis for the roof and floor of the end of the foresaid house at 2s. the load (6 names). Short carts carrying spars, joists, board, &c., from the storehouse to St. Peter's at 4d. (4). Tumbrels carrying brick from the brickery at St. Gartredes and clay and sand from the sluice, at 12d. the day (2). Boats carrying boards, &c., from St. Peter's at 4d. the freight (2), sand from Collham at 3d. (1), and tile from Nueham Bridge at 8d. the 1,000 (1).
Emptions:—To the smith for 8 anckers “and their follockes” for the end of the house new made in the court of Hames over against the gate at the entering of the castle, 114 lb., 19s. Several items of glasier's work; burning and carriage of lime; and 62 load of sand delivered at Collham, 4s. 9d.
Total, 16l. 5s. 8¼d.
|p. 349.||iii. The month 31 Aug. to 27 Sept. ao 32.|
Wages as before of 3 carpenters, 2 bricklayers, 3 tilers, and 7 labourers employed as in the preceding month.
Short carts carrying joists and beam for mending the end of the old brew house in the base court, at 4d. (3 names). Tumbrels carrying brick from St. Gartredes, and clay and sand from the sluice (1). Boats carrying boards and joists from St. Peter's (3) and sand from Colham (1).
Emptions:—22 loads of sand for making mortar, 22d. Thos. Wellis, of Calais, soldier, for 18 “burden of hard lath occupied and spent about tiling of the gable end new made in the said castle,” at 8d. st. the bundle, 12s. st. = 19s. 6d. gr.
Total, 11l. 8s. 53/8d.
Total of this book, 1,613l. 10s. 4¾d. gr., which makes 993l. 3s. 8d. st.
A bound book of 174 pages numbered in a modern hand, 189 to 362 as part of a series. In vellum cover, entitled: “A book of controlment upon the payment of the works at Guysnes for one whole year beginning in ao xxxjo and ending in ao xxxijo R. H. VIII.”
|30 Sept.||100. The Privy Council.|
|Meeting at Ampthill, 30 Sept. Present: Gt. Chamb., Gt. Admiral, Durham, Treasurer, Mr. of Horse, Wriothesley, Chanc. of Augm. Business:—Commission sent to Sir Cuth. Ratcliff to act as deputy warden of the Middle Marches; and letters requiring him to send up his patent for 20l. a year, that it might be given to Sir John Wythrington. Letters to Wythrington, to send up his patent of deputy wardenship, promising him the said 20l. and to be one of the Council in the Marches. Letters to the bp. of Winchester, as appointed a commissioner of the subsidy in London, to be there on Saturday 9 Oct.; the like to Sir Thos. (sic) Baker, chancellor of First Fruits and Tenths. Letters to Mr. Dauntcy to certify name and value of a lordship in Somerset, late the Marquis of Exeter's.|
|101. John Lassells.|
On returning to Court, 15 Sept., asked his fellows Jonson and Maxey “what news there were pertaining God's holy word, seeing we have lost so noble a man (fn. 20) which did love and favour it so well”; adding that he supposed that the ringleaders, as the duke of Norfolk and bp. of Winchester, did not lean that way. Maxey in reply said that Norfolk was not ashamed to say that he had never read the Scriptures nor ever would, and it was merry in England before this new learning came up. This was in the King's great chamber. In consequence of this, advised Mr. Smythwyke not to be too rash or quick in maintaining the Scriptures, for if we would let them alone and suffer a little time, they would overthrow themselves, standing manifestly against God and their Prince, and so recited the duke of Norfolk's words at Chobbame, and other words he said to a man in the Exchequer, whom he rebuked for having married a nun. The man answered that he knew “no nuns nor religious folk in this realm, nor no such bondage, seeing God and the King have made them free.” At this the Duke said, “By God's body sacred, it will never out of my heart as long as I live.”
Next day Smythwyke repeated these words to Mr. Hare, who advised him to declare them to the King's Council. On hearing this, has declared them himself. Signed: John Lasselles.
Pp. 2. Endd.
Plate taken at Gravesend, and now in the keeping of Sir Ric. Long, by the King's command, viz:— (fn. 21)
2 covered goblets, a covered gilt nut, a covered gilt salt, a gilt layre, a little gilt goblet with a cover, a little silver Spanish salt, a white bowl without a cover, 12 new gilt spoons with knops. Signed.: J. Russell, Will'm Kyngston, Antone Browne.
|103. The Vice-Treasurer of Ireland.|
Order to Sir Ant. Sentleger of the Privy Chamber, deputy of Ireland, Thos. Walshe, one of the barons of the Exchequer, John Mynne, one of the auditors of the same, and Wm. Cavendishe, one of the Auditors of the Court of Augmentations; to take the accounts of Wm. Brabazon, vice-treasurer of Ireland, which they are authorised to do by letters patent dated 16 Aug. last, upon the said Vice-treasurer's own oath, as he received many sums of which he has no record and made many payments upon warrant only of the private letters of the late Lord Privy Seal, as, by his humble suit, “we be crediable enformed.”
Copy, pp. 2.
|104. Lorenzo de' Medici.|
The Seigneur Laurens de Medicis, being in France, upon the truce between the Emperor and King at Nice, retired to Venice, where he remained until August last, most of the time in hiding for fear of emissaries of the Emperor, who pursues him both for the death of Duke Alexander and because he fears his influence in Florence. There, about a year ago, the English ambassador at Venice proposed to him to enter the King of England's service. This he would not at that time do as he was in treaty to marry his two sisters to Peter and Robert Strossy, sons of the late Messer Philip Strossy, which marriages are since concluded. In August last, he left Venice for France by way of Grisons and Switzerland and arrived at Paris in the beginning of September. At Paris he saw the Cardinal of Lorraine, on his way from the Court to Lorraine, who assured him the King would receive him well. Before going to Court he sent word to the Cardinal of Tournon, who replied that the King, considering his alliance with the Emperor, could not receive him openly at Court, but he might continue to reside anywhere in his kingdom. Hearing this, and being at Paris at great expense, with 4 Italian captains and 12 horses in his train, he bethought himself of the proposals of the English ambassador at Venice, and, if the English King is still of the same mind and wishes to establish an ordonnance de millicie after the Italian fashion, he is ready to serve him.
French, pp. 2. Endd.. “The declaration of Sir Laurence de Medices of his going out of Florence and where he hath been ever since.”
|105. George Everat to the Privy Council.|
Wrote by Thos. Flude, Wm. Watzon's servant, of the words spoken by one Pentacull, dwelling in Lubeck, against the King, and of the book made in Hamborch in commendation of Robert Barnyes, lately burned in London. Could not send the book as none was printed. It was said to be made by one Dr. Johens Freyter and should have been put forth under the names of certain Englishmen dwelling at Hamborch, but some refusing the others did so likewise. Sends it by this bearer, as it has since been printed in Latin at Lubeck, and another book in Dutch by the “patrearcke of Garmyne, Marten Luter,” translated, as he says, from English. In the preface he rails against the King like a venomous serpent. He writes much of the Gospel, using what serves his purpose and leaving the rest, as if he were wiser than the Apostles and Evangelists, who wrote nothing but the true Scripture. What does not accord to his mind, that is fables, as St. James' epistle. He writes openly that St. Mark, Matthew, and Luke's gospels are not so good as St. John's gospels and St. Paul's epistles, for they write not Christ's words but his works and make nothing for our salvation. The Scripture must be preached after his mind or else he will rail and jest upon those that do not preach his gospel, as against the King for burning “Cristes holy holy martyr Robarnes his desypull.”
Will himself bring other two books in case these are lost. Has other things which he has heard in Denmark to show them.
Hol., pp. 2. Endd.: George Everard, from Dawsick.
|106. Dr. Barnes.|
“Bekantnus des Glaubens, die Robertus Barns der Heiligen Schrifft Doctor (inn Deudschem Lande D. Antonius genent) zu Lunden inn Engelland gethan hat, Anno MDXL. am xxx tag des Monats Julii, Da er zum Fewer one urteil und recht, unschuldig, unverhörter sach, gefurt und verbrant worden ist. Aus der Englischen sprach verdeudscht. Mit einer Vorrhede D. Martini Luthers. Wittemberg, 1540.”
Luther's preface begins: “Diesen Doctor Robertus Barns, der sich bey uns, aus sonderlicher demut nicht wolt Doctor nennen lassen, nennet sich Antonius, dazu er hatte ursachen, denn er zuvor inn Engelland von den heiligen Bischouen, Sanet Papisten, gefangen, mit grosser mühe crlöset war, Diesen Doctor, sage ich, kennen wir ja wol.” And Luther rejoices that his table companion and comrade has been so graciously called by God to shed his blood for his dear Son's sake and to become a holy martyr. Who could have believed twenty years ago that Christ was so near us? Now this holy martyr, St. Robert, when he, being absent with the King's leave, learned that his King, Harry of England, was an enemy of the Pope, came back to England in the hope of planting the Gospel in his fatherland, and at last he made a beginning. Henry put up with him, as his fashion was, until he sent him to us in Wittemberg in the matter of the divorce, in which it was said 13 universities had given their opinions, all in Henry's favour. But, after long discussions and great expense to the Elector of Saxony, it was found that Henry had not sent an embassy because he wished to be evangelical, but merely that we at Wittemberg might approve of his divorce. At last they said their King would not tolerate these four things, communion in both kinds, priests' marriages and the abolition of the mass and monkery. I said, “We should have been told that at first. Your king takes the money from the Pope and upholds his government, so Henry is Pope in England.” Barnes himself often said to me Rex meus non curat religionem, sed est, &c. Yet he loved his King and country so warmly, that be bore all such things and still talked continually of “my king”; as his confession shows he did to the end, always hoping that his King would at last turn good.
We used often to discuss together how the King could take the horrible title Defensor fidei et in terris caput supremum et immediatum post Christum Ecclesiæ Anglicanæ. But the answer was simply Sic volo sic jubeo, &c.; which shows clearly “das juncker Heintze wil Gott sein und thun was in gelüstet.” The cause, however, why Barnes was martyred is still hidden, because Henry must be ashamed of it. But it seems to be what many good people say, viz., that Barnes, like St. John the Baptist, disapproved of the King's act in putting away the lady of Juliers and taking another. For what “Juncker Heintz” wills must be an article of the faith for life and death. Dr. Barnes himself said to me here that More and the bp. of Rochester were also condemned almost for that very cause that they disapproved articles which he had ordained.
Then follows the confession (substantially agreeing with the account given in Foxe, V. 434–6), with a few words prefixed giving an account of his calm demeanour on the way to execution, when he spoke to many people, both English and German.
|107. Grants in September 1540.|
|Sept./Grants.||1. James Lawson, of Newcastle-upon-Tyne, merchant. Grant, in fee, of the house, &c., of the late monastery of Neseham in the bishopric of Durham; lands (specified) in Neseham, the demesne lands of the monastery there, the waste land opposite the monastery gate, on which 9 cottages were formerly built; the messuage late in tenure of Thos. Blakston, and cottage late in tenure of John Stevenson in Neseham; the grange now in tenure of James Lawson in Littelburdon; the messuage called Hynden in the parish of Cokefeld; the two closes of land called Endell closes in the lordship of Detysall and two messuages late in tenure of Ric. Clerk and of the late prioress in the township of Hurworth, all in the said bishopric and belonging to the said monastery; in as full manner as the last prioress held the same. Del. Walden, 1 Sept. 32 Hen. VIII.—S. B. Pat. p. 3, m. 15.|
|2. Ric. Malbonne, clk. Grant of the perpetual chantry of Langdon Traves in the parish church of Tredington, Worc., void by the death of Thos. Palmer, clk., last chanter there, and at the King's disposal by the minority of John Spencer, s. and h. of Sir Will. Spencer. Del. Colchester, 2 Sept. 32 Hen. VIII.—S. B. Pat. p. 6, m. 28.|
|3. Will. Pagett. To be clerk of the Privy Council with an annuity of 30l. Del. Leyer Marney, 2 Sept. 32 Hen. VIII.—S. B. Pat. p. 6, m. 29.|
|4. Worcestershire.—Commission of the Peace and of Oyer and Terminer to Thos. ld. Audeley of Walden, C., Thos. duke of Norfolk, Treasurer, Charles duke of Suffolk, lord President of the Council, Will. earl of Southampton, keeper of the Privy Seal, Will. earl of Arundell, R. bishop of Cov. and Lich., Walter ld. Ferrers, Sir Nic. Hare, Edm. Marvyn, King's serjeant-at-law, Thos. Bromley, King's serjeant-at-law, Sir John Dudley, Sir Edw. Crofte, Sir Will. Morgan, Sir Will. Thomas, Sir John Russell, jun., Will. Whorwood, Roger Wygston, John Pakyngton, John Vernon, John Scudamour, Ric. Lygyn, Thos. Nevell, Rouland Moreton, John Walshe, Thos. Holt, Ric. Hassall, John Dyngley, Thos. Acton, Robt. Acton, Thos. Hunkys, Rob. Wye, Ric. Palmer, Ric. Tracy, John Ketilby, Geo. Willoughby, Will. Gower, Will. Sheldon, Will. Cookesey, John Vampage, Ralph Sheldon, Chr. Savage, Walter Blount, Ric. Wynford. Rayne, 6 Sep. Pat. 32 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 9d.|
|5. Peterborough, Northt., gaol of the late abbot of Peterborough:—Commission of gaol-delivery to John ld. Russell, Great Admiral of England, Sir Edw. Mountagu, Thos. Brudenell, John Lane, John Tournor, Will. Dudley, Rob. Wyngfeld, Rob. Broun and Ric. Cecyll. Walden, 7 Sept. Pat. 32 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 12d.|
|6. Thos. and Edw. Fowler, brothers and executors of Rob. Fowler, late vice-treasurer of Calais and one of the tellers of the receipt of Exchequer at Westminster. Writ to the Treasurer and Barons of the Exchequer, General Surveyors and auditors of Crownlands, the Treasurer and Comptroller of Calais, and other officers, commanding them to restore to the said Thomas and Edward, such goods and chattels of the said Robert as belonged to him at the time of his death and to allow them to possess his lands till they shall be reimbursed of the sums due by them to the Crown, as executors of the said Robert, for the payment of which they stand bound by recognizance in the sum of 10,000 marks. Del. Walden, 8 Sept. 32 Hen. VIII.—S. B. Pat. p. 6, m. 37. (In English.)|
|7. Linc., Camb., Hunts., and Northt.—Commission of Sewers to Charles duke of Suffolk, Great Master of the King's Household and lord President of the Council, John bp. of Lincoln, Thos. bp. of Ely, Edw. ld. Clynton, Geo. ld. Talbcys, Thos. ld. Burgh, Sir Edw. Mountagu, Sir Will. Husey, Sir Will. Parre, Sir John Thymolby, Sir Rob. Husey, Sir Thos. Burgh, Sir Rob. Dymmoke, Sir Rob Tyrwhyte, Sir Wm. Tyrwhyte, Sir Will. Skypwith, Sir Thos. Henege, Sir Thos. Myssenden, Sir John Copledyke, Sir Edw. Madyson, Sir Ric. Crumwell, Sir Rob. Payton, Sir Thos, Elyott, Sir Giles Alyngton, Sir Laurence Tayllard, Sir Rob. Kyrkeham, Sir Will. Newenham, Sir Thos. Tresham, Sir Thos. Tempest the younger, Edm. Knyghtley, John Hynde, King's serjeant-at-law, Ant. Myssenden, serjeant-at-law, Edw. Saunders, serjeant-at-law, Francis Broun, Thos. Hall, John Hasylwood the younger, Godfrey Colvyle, Ant. Eyrby, Ric. Markham, Hamond Sutton, Thos. Whychecote, Blase Holland, Thos. Brudenell, Ric. Ogle, Will. Willoughby, Edw. Dymmoke, Rob. Tyrwhyte, John Wyngfeld, John Reede, Thos. Dymmoke, John Caundyshe, John Hennege, Will. Mounson, Edw. Forsett, Thos. Kyme, John Etton, Vincent Grointham, Will. Nawnton, Nic. Gyrlington, Will. Dalyson, Ric. Bolles, John Tourney, Ric. Gooderyke, Thos. Lyttlebury, Rob. Topclyff, Francis Askue, Matthew Seyntpoll, Geo. Seyntpoll, Rob. Dyghton, James Smyth, Rob. Brokelsby, Nic. Robardson, Thos. Holland, Rob. Walpoll, Ric. Wolmer, Ric. Goodyng, Ant. Roberdson, Ric. Reede, John Fryskeney, Thos. Broun, Will. Roberds, Edw. North, Philip Parys. John Gooderyke, Hen. Gooderyke, Thos. Checheley, Will. Everard, Rob. Tylney, John Frevyle, Simon True, Thos. Rudston, Thos. Cartell, Thos. Dunold, Chr. Burgoyn, Thos. Meggys, Oliver Leder, Thos. Wawton, John Sewster, Ric. Humfrey, Ric. Catesby, Thos. Andrewes, Ric. Cecyll, Thos. Brokesby, Will. Saunders, Edw. Gryffyn, Edw. Warner, John Lane, Thos. Lovett, Thos. Cave, John Barnard, Rob. Chauntrell, and Francis Morgan:—for the sea coasts and marsh grounds in cos. Linc., Camb., Hunts., and Northt. Walden, 11 Sep. Pat. 32 Hen. VIII. p. 5, m. 20d.|
|8. Thos. Audeley of Walden, the Chancellor. Licence to alienate the site of the late monastery of St. Botolph in the suburbs of Colchester, Essex, with contingent reversion of the parish church, churchyard, &c., of St. Botolph, and the ground and soil thereof, if that church should happen to be dissolved; messuages, &c., now in the several tenures of — (blank) Borell, John Fraunces, Will. Aldowse and Firgo Karner, — Walker, — Lambe, widow, John Pearle, Thos. Crismas, and — Incent; 9 houses or rentaries (?) in Mawdelenstrete, and 3 in Morelane in Colchester; which messuages, &c., belonged to the said late monastery; with some reservations; to John Golder and Anastasia his wife in fee. Westm., 12 Sept. Pat. 32 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 37.|
|9. John Alwaye. To be particular receiver of the lordships of Berkhampsted and Kyngeslangley, Herts, and Whaddon, Fynner, Wendover, Byerton, Cleydon and Swaneborne, Oxon, Berks, and Bucks, which came to the King's hands by the death of the late Queen Consort Jane; vice Hen. Seymour, brother of the said Queen. Del. Walden 12 Sept. 32 Hen. VIII..—S. B. Pat. p. 3, m. 10.|
|10. John Deane, clk., D. D. Presentation to the parish church of Thruxston, Winchester dioc., at the King's disposal pro hac vice by attainder of—(blank) Byrde, clk., last incumbent. Del. Walden 12 Sept. 32 Hen. VIII.—S. B. Pat. p. 6, m. 38.|
|11. John Colett, of London, mercer. Protection for one year. Grafton, 4 Sept. 32 Hen. VIII. Del. Walden, 12 Sept.—P. S. Pat. p. 6, m. 30.|
|12. James Castelyn, of London, mercer. Protection for one year. Grafton, 4 Sept. 32 Hen. VIII. Del. Walden, 12 Sept.—P. S. Pat. p. 6, m. 30.|
|13. John Story. Annuity of 10l. for life. Grafton, 2 Sept. 32 Hen. VIII. Del. Walden, 13 Sept. Pat. p. 6, m. 29.|
|14. Thos. Morley, suffragan bishop of Marlborough. Presentation to the parish church of Fytelton, Salisbury dioc., of the patronage of Edw. Darell, who is under age, vice Will. Byrde, attainted. Del. Walden, 17 Sept. 32 Hen. VIII.—S. B. Pat. p. 7, m. 34. Another entry of this grant, cancelled “quia aliter,” occurs higher on the same membrane, in which the reference to the minority of the patron is omitted.|
|15. John Lethom, one of the retinue of the Exchequer of Calais. To be one of the overseers of the King's works in Calais, vice Rob. Shartforth, with 8d. a day. Ampthill, 9 Sept. 32 Hen. VIII. Del. Walden, 17 Sept.—P. S. Pat. p. 6, m. 37. (In English.)|
|16. Thos. Morley, suffragan bishop of Marlborough. Presentation to the perpetual vicarage of Bradford, with the chapels thereto annexed of Westwoode, Stoke, Windesley, Wraxhale, Atworth, and Holt, Salisbury dioc., vice Will. Byrde, attainted. Del. Walden, 17 Sept. 32 Hen. VIII.—S. B. (Endd.. “for Thomas Barlay, a suffrycane.”)|
|17. Gloucestershire. — Commission of Peace and of Oyer and Terminer to Thos. ld. Audeley of Walden, C., Thos. duke of Norfolk, Treasurer, Charles duke of Suffolk, lord President of the Council, Will. earl of Southampton, Keeper of the Privy Seal, R. bishop of Cov. and Lich., Walter ld. Ferrers, Sir Nic. Hare. Edm. Marvyn, King's serjeant-at-law, Thos. Bromley, King's serjeant-at-law, Sir Edw. Crofte, Sir Edw. Wadham, Sir John Brygges, Sir Ant. Hungerford, Sir John Huddelstone, Sir Walter Denys, Sir Edm. Tame, Sir Ant. Kyngeston, Roger Wygston, John Pakyngton, John Vernon, John Barlowe, clk., Ric. Lygyn, Thos. Whytyngdon, Rouland Moreton, Nic. Wykes, John Arnold, Arthur Porter, John Gyse, John Huntley, Geo. Bayneham, Ric. Reede, Rob. Whytney, John Poynes, David Brooke, Rob. Wye, Thos. Holte, Ric. Hassall, Will. Stumpe, Thos. Matson, Ric. Coton, James Clyfford, Thos. Lane, Ric. Brayne, Ant. Straunge, Thos. Haward. Walden, 18 Sep.—Pat. 32 Hen. VIII., p. 2, m. 9d.|
|18. Laurence Serle and Rob. Wamsley, yeomen of the Chamber. Grant in survivorship of the office of bailiff of the town of Chipnam, Wilts, in the King's hands by the attainder of Walter lord Hungerford; with waifs and strays, and profits of fairs and tolls. Grafton, 29 Aug. 32 Hen. VIII.—P. S. (marked as executed in Chancery, 19 Sept., and addressed on the back to Wm. earl of Southampton). Pat. p. 2, m. 4 (dated at Westm.).|
|19. Edw. Lyttelton, of Pyllytnall, Staff. Grant of (1) the reversion and yearly rent of 5l. 16s. 8d. reserved upon a 21 years' lease, to Sir Philip Draycote, 24 June 31 Hen. VIII., of pasture called Myxton Hey, in Leke, Staff.; (2) also the house of the late monastery of Haughmonde, Salop; with demesne lands in Haughmonde, Uppeton, and Uffyngton, Salop; the tenement of John Maddocks; land called “Pole Hey”; pasture called “Maddocks More”; the cottage and land adjoining, late in tenure of Agnes Holte, widow, in Haughmonde, Upton, and Uffyngton; the grange called Sunderne in Sunderne and Haughmonde, Salop; divers pastures, &c., specified; the lands, &c., now in tenure of Ric. Maunsell and of Roger Lancashire and Alice, his wife; the graunge, &c., in Haughmonde and Homebarne, Salop, with its appurtenances, in Haughmonde, Upton, and Uffyngton, Salop, in tenure of Edw. Loge; meadows and woods (named) in Uffyngton, Walcotte, “Downton Hill Comen” in Downton, Upton, Haughmonde, Astley, Sunderne, Homebarne, Ayssheley, Salop; the lands in Ree and Upton, lately leased to Rob. Upton; the water mill lately leased to Ric. Browne, in Upton and Wroxeter, Salop; with all rents reserved upon the premises; in as full manner as the last abbot of Haughmonde held the same. Tenure of (1) tail male; of (2) fee simple. Del. Westm., 20 Sept. 32 Hen.VIII.—S. B. (mutilated). Pat. p. 4, m. 35.|
|20. John Burnell, one of the yeomen of the Cellar pro ore. Grant of lands of the yearly value of 10 marks in the parish of Sutton-on-Darvent, Yorks., forfeited by one Cathewaite in the time of the King's progenitors, and now again in the King's hands by the death of John Parker, who held them of the King's gift. Grafton, 29 Aug. 32 Hen. VIII. Del. Walden, 20 Sept.—P. S. Pat. p. 7, m. 34.|
|21. Peter Motton, a yeoman usher of the Chamber. Reversion of the office of a serjeant-at-arms, with 12d. a day, after Will. Clarke, Roger Bek, Edw. Skipwith, Peter Griffith, Will. Fabyan, or John Thomas. Del. Walden, 20 Sept. 32 Hen. VIII.—S. B.|
|22. Thos. de Soulemont. To be clerk of the Parliaments, with fees of 40l. a year; on surrender of pat. 14 Feb. 22 Hen. VIII., granting the office to Sir Brian Tuke, treasurer of the King's Chamber, and Edw. North, now Treasurer of Augmentations. Westm., 26 July 33 Hen. VIII. Del. Walden, 21 Sept.—P. S. Pat. p. 3, m. 33.|
|23. Will. Morice, one of the gentlemen ushers of the Chamber. To be general receiver of the possessions in cos. Somers. and Wilts, or elsewhere in England, which came to the King by the attainder of Walter late lord Hungerforde; with 20l. a year, and 20s. per 100l. out of the issues, with diets and riding expenses. Ampthill, 10 Sept. 32 Hen. VIII. Del. Walden, 21 Sept.—P. S. Pat. p. 7, m. 33.— Vacated on surrender, 17 Mar. 3 Edw. VI. in order that a patent might be granted to the said William of an annuity of 40 marks.|
|24. Jasper Savenyng, a foreigner. Denization. Del. Walden, 21 Sept. 32 Hen. VIII.—S. B. Pat. p. 7, m. 30.|
|25. Sir Thos. Speke. To be chief steward of the manors and lordships of Crukerne Magna, Crukerne Parva, Misterton, Westcoker, Puryton and Cablonde, Somers., and the hundred of Westcoker, which came to the King by the attainder of Hen. marquis of Exeter; with 4l. a year; in as full manner as Sir Geo. Speke or Sir Amias Paulet, deceased, held the office. Ampthill, 12 Sept. 32 Hen. VIII. Del. Walden, 22 Sept.—P. S. Pat. p. 2, m. 3.|
|26. Will. Tildesley, a page of the Wardrobe of Beds. To be woodward and warrener in the lordships of Cokeham and Braye, Berks; with 2d. a day. Del. Walden, 22 Sept. 32 Hen. VIII.—S. B. Pat. p. 2, m. 3.|
27. John Smyth, of Blakamour or Blakamore, Essex, and Elizabeth, his wife. Grant, in fee, of the lordship and manor of Blakamore alias Blakemore, Essex, belonging to the monastery of Waltham Holy Cross, Essex; and all lands in Blakamore, Shellowe, Norton, Shenfeld and Stondon, Essex, or elsewhere now in their tenure belonging to the said late monastery; the rectory and church and advowson of the vicarage of Blakamore.
Also a shop in the parish of St. Mary Colchurche, London, and a garden in Fanchurchestrete in the parish of All Saints, Fanchurche, London, belonging to the said monastery; in as full manner as Rob. Fuller, the late abbot, held the same.
Also the messuage and grange or farm called Woodebarnes in Gyng At Stone, Essex, belonging to the late monastery of Berkyng; and all messuages, lands, &c., called “le Woodbarnes” there; in as full manner as Dorothy Barley, the late abbess of Berkyng, held the same.
With licence to appropriate the rectory and church of Blakemore with all tithes, glebe-lands, &c.—S. B. Mutilated: date lost. Walden, 22 Sept. Pat. 32 Hen. VIII. p. 3, m. 11.
|28. Sir Will. Pykeryng, of London. Grant, in fee, of the house and site of the late abbey of Byland alias De Bella Lauda, Yorks.; the church, steeple, &c., of the same; a water-mill and closes, specified; a cottage called Calcarhouse and 2 closes of land adjoining; Calcarhouse Yng and other meadows (named); a close called Smythy garth and divers other closes in the parish of Cukkold, Yorks.; 2 fisheries, banks (ripas) and streams, called Kylborn Ryver and Seynkcliff Ryver in the parishes of Kylborne and Cukkolde, and numerous other tenements, &c. (specified and tenants named), in Cukkold, Kylborne, Sneverstie, Thorpe de Willowes, Hawncbie, Keyrbye, Thurske, Bagbye, Thirkelbie, and Oldebylande; which belonged to the said abbey. Walden, 22 Sept. Pat. 32 Hen. VIII. p. 3, ms. 17–19. Also the greater portion of either a P. S. or S. B. for the same in a very bad state and the date, &c., lost.|
29. Commission of Peace and of Oyer and Terminer: —
Town of Cambridge.—Thos. ld. Audeley of Walden, C., Thos. duke of Norfolk, Treasurer, Chr. Franke, mayor, Sir Giles Alyngton, Sir Rob. Payton, John Hynde, King's serjeant-at-law, Philip Parys, Thos. Hutton, Thos. Rudstone, Thos. Brakyn, Edw. Slegge, Thos. Saye, John Chapman, Rob. Chapman, Will. Synderton, Ralph Bykerdyke. Walden, 22 Sept. Pat. 32 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 10d.
|30. Thos. Phillips. To be chief smith (capitalis fabric') of Calais, and overseer of the craft (tocius artis fabric') of the said town; with 2d. a day, vice John Dowsin. Ampthill, 14 Sept. 32 Hen. VIII. Del. Walden, 23 Sept.—P. S. Pat. p. 2, m. 2 (enrolled 28 Sept.).|
31. Thos. Bromeley, serjeant-at-law. Grant, in fee, of the reversion and yearly rent of 22l. 11s. 10d. reserved upon a 21 years' lease to Ric. Lee of the Household, 28 Feb. 31 Hen. VIII., of the site and demesnes of Eyton manor, Salop, belonging to the late monastery of Shrewsbury.
Also the whole manor of Eyton alias Abbottys Eyton, Salop, belonging to the said late monastery; with the woods, lands, commons, &c. called the Wrekyn and Sewarstons Hill alias Shevolston Hill, Salop; and all appurtenances in Rouxcester alias Roxetur, Eyton alias Abbotts Eyton, Donnyngton Russheton alias Ryssheton, Aston alias Aston under Le Wrekyn, Sewarston alias Shevolston, Welyngton, Allsecote alias Alscote and Drayton by Eyton, Salop; in as full manner as Thos. Botler, the last abbot, held the same. Del. Walden, 25 Sept. 32 Hen. VIII.—S. B. Pat. p. 3, m. 12, and p. 7, m. 43.
32. Rowland Hyll, mercer, of London. Grant, in fee, of the manors of Betton alias Betton-under-Lyne, and Wollerton alias Ollerton, Salop, which belonged to the late monastery of Shrewsbury; and all lands of the monastery in Betton alias Betton-under-Lyne, Wollerton alias Ollerton, Tunstall, Rygerton, Norton and Parva Drayton, Salop; tithes of corn, &c., in the demesne lands of Betton manor; and the advowson of the parish church of Hodnett, Salop; in as full manner as Thos. Butteler, the last abbot, held the same.
Also, all lands of the late monastery of Haughmonde in Hopton and Hopley, Salop; and the farm and messuage called Nagynton alias Naynton, in the parish of Chyles Ercall, Salop, in as full manner as Thos. Corvesar, the last abbot, held the same.
Also the meadow called Platley medowe and the land called Burnehill alias Burnell in the parish of Stoke-upon-Terne, Salop, which belonged to the late monastery of Combermere; in as full manner as John Massy, the last abbot, held the same. Del. Wald [en], 25 Sept. 32 Hen. VIII.—S. B. (Mutilated). Pat. p. 3, m. 16.
|33. Ric. Tate. Grant, in fee (in exchange for certain golden jewels taken at the value of 220l.), of the reversion and the yearly rent of 11l. reserved upon a lease granted to the said Richard by dame Dorothy Cumberford, formerly abbess of the late monastery of Minoresses, without Aldgate, London, by indenture dated 11 May 21 Hen. VIII., of the manor of Welleleghe alias Walleghe, Berks; which manor had already been leased by Alice Fitzlewes, formerly abbess of the said late monastery, by indenture dated 22 Feb. 16 Hen. VII., to Ric. Decons for 60 years, of which 38 had still to run at the date of the other indenture; by which said later indenture the estate of the said Ric. Decons in the said manor was confirmed to the said Ric. Tate for the 38 years' residue of the original term. Ampthill, 9 Sept. 32 Hen. VIII. Del. Walden, 25 Sept.—P. S. Pat. p. 3, m. 9.|
|34. Will. Dieuvat, (fn. 22) one of the Kings' players on musical instruments. Annuity of 38l. Ampthill, 20 Sept. 32 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 26 Sept. P. S.—Pat. p. 2, m. 3. Rym. XIV. 703.|
|35. Edw. Cornewallis and Alice, his wife. Grant in fee of the great messuage called the “Principall place” and garden adjoining, formerly in the tenure of John Kyrton, Will. Milborne, and Will. Buck, and afterwards in that of Thos. Turbervyle, and now in that of the said Edward and Alice, in the parish of St Katharine Cristchurche in London, which belonged to the late monastery of Evesham, Worc.; with tenements thereto adjoining on each side and stables, &c., in Billeter lane and in Kelles Alley and in the High Street (? “in alto vico”) in the said parish of St. Katherine Cristchurche in London; and the messuages, lands, &c., in the parish of St. Dunstan in the East, London, which belonged to the said monastery. Del. Walden, 26 Sept. 32 Hen. VIII.—S. B. Pat. p. 7, m. 26.|
36. John Clerke, bp. of Bath and Wells, and his successors. Grant of the house and site of the late hospital of St. John, Wells, Soms., with the church, steeple, churchyard, and demesne lands; the rectory and advowson of the vicarage of Westdowne, Devon; the messuage, &c., of the said hospital, in Westdowne, Devon; and in Pynkesmore, Somers.; the rectory and advowson of the vicarage of Evercrich, Somers.; and messuages, &c. (tenants named), in the High Strete, Tokers Strete, and Newstrete, in Welles; in the parishes of Welles and Okey, in Estwalbys in the parish of Welles; and in South Over in Welles; the wood called Malbery Wodde, the wood near Kuardes Mylle, and the three woods at Beryall in the said parish of Welles; all which belonged to the said hospital.
To hold by rent of 7l. 15s. 0½d. free of all but certain stated charges, and also free of first fruits and tenths. Del. [Walden], (fn. 23) 27 Sept. 32 Hen. VIII.—S. B. (mutilated). Pat. p. 4, m. 30.
37. Thos. Hall or Halle, of Huntingdon. Grant, in fee, of two tofts of land in Colby in the parts of Kevesten (Kesteven), Linc., and all lands in Colby, late in tenure of Thos. Tylle and now in that of the said Thos. Hall; which belonged to the late priory of St. Katharine without Lincoln; in as full manner as Will. Griffith, the late prior, or the late general master or supreme prior (“summus prior”) of the order of St. Gilbert.
Also certain lands and rents (specified and tenants named) in the parishes of St. Mary and St. Benedict, Huntingdon; which belonged to the priory of St. Mary, Huntingdon, in as full manner as Hugh Wyttwyk, the late prior. Del. Walden, 27 Sept. 32 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 4, m. 40.
|38. John London, LL.D. Canonry and prebend in the collegiate church of Wyndesor, vice Roger Lupton, deceased. Del. Walden, 27 Sept. 32 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 6, m. 37.|
|39. John ap Rice. To be secretary to the King and his successors in the principality of South and North Wales and in cos. Worc., Heref., Salop, Glouc., Chester, and Flint, and in the marches of Wales, vice John Russell, dec.; with fees of 20 marks a year. Ampthill, 17 Sept. 32 Hen. VIII. Del. Walden, 27 Sept.—P.S. Pat. p. 6, m. 24.|
|40. Rob. Moffet. To have the office of a “wyffeler” and one of the gunners in the Tower of London, vice Michael Covent, “Docheman,” deceased; with wages of 8d. a day. Ampthill, 19 Sept. 32 Hen. VIII. Del. Walden, 27 Sept.—P.S. Pat. p. 6, m. 30.|
|41. Will. Watson. Licence to export 1,000 qrs. of wheat. Ampthill, 19 Sept. 32 Hen. VIII. Del. Walden, 27 Sept. —P.S.|
|42. Northamptonshire.—Special commission of oyer and terminer to Sir Edw. Mountagu, Sir Will. Parre, Sir Will. Newenham, Sir Thos. Gryffyn, Sir Thos. Tresham, Edw. Saunders, serjeant-at-law, Edm. Knyghtley, Ric. Catesby, Thos. Brudenell, and John Hasylwood. Walden, 27 Sept. — Pat. 32 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 17d.|
|108. Thomas Barnaby to Henry VIII.|
Petition complaining of the “cruel justice” he has had here in France for 11 or 12 years past, notwithstanding many sentences obtained. Of late the King and Chancellor both promised Mr. Wallappe that he should be dispatched within short space; but it is only “the promises of France.” Mr. Wallappe is highly entertained here with their flattering words to blear his eyes withal; but Barnaby knows them better than any poor man in England. A Breton here has made, to the King, “a selamation of justice in England,” desiring to have a letter of marque for a matter of a fly, yet I am denied justice when I have paid your Grace 1,100 marks, besides 1,000 marks they owe me, and 1,000 marks for the suit. Wherefore as my matter is so well known, and I have better cause to demand a letter of marque than the Breton, I beg your Grace to succour me, for I am so indebted within England that I dare not come there. The bearer, Allarde, can show that I am only allowed, by the Council, 600 angelettes of the 1,100 marks.
P. 1. Add. Endd.