Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 19 Part 2, August-December 1544. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1905.
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August 1544, 6-15
|6 Aug.||39. Queen Katharine to the Council with the King.|
St P., x. 28.
|Has seen their letters of the 4th inst showing the King's health and success. By advice of the Council here Sir Robert Tirwhit is sent to London to despatch the ordnance mentioned in the said letters and also 2,000 spades, shovels and mattocks if they may be had. As it appears that only 13 hoys can be had for the lead, and they will only go to Lynne, Boston and Newcastle, and not thither without wafting, the Council will order crayers and ships for the purpose; but think some order should be taken, for their wafting, there where my lord Admiral is, and that it is better that it remain here than be sent forth without better wafters than can here be provided. Encloses certain letters which were sent to the Council upon a vain rumor of the landing of Frenchmen. Fearing that some seditious person had spread the rumor (for a landing of Frenchmen about Gloucester was unlikely), despatched to the justices of peace of the countries adjoining to stay the countries and enquire the truth; and received reply that all was well and the rumor supposed to arise by the departing of the navy from Bristoll for the conveyance of Lynoux, "which they judged to have departed thence as yesterday." Notifies this because such vain rumors fly fast, and this may have reached the King. The Prince and the rest of the King's children are well. Hampton Court, 6 Aug. 36 Hen. VIII. Signed at the head.|
|Pp. 2. Add. Endd.|
|6 Aug.||40. The Council of the North to the Council with the Queen.|
|R.O.||As lately commanded by my lord Lieutenant in these parts, we send to the Queen (by John Broxhame, gent.), Sr de Bauldrell, Alexander the Italion and two other of the Scottish and French prisoners lately taken at Scardburgh, Yorks., by whom "we think most may be learned of their purpose into France. The Sr de Bauldrell, as we be informed by a surgeon, "is diseased in the head with the French poxe and also with another unhonest disease." The King's palace at York, 6 Aug. Signed by Llandaff, Magnus, Constable, Savell, Fairfax, Babthorpe and Chaloner.|
|P. 1. Add. Endd.: 1544.|
|6 Aug.||41. Shrewsbury and Others to the Queen and Council.|
32,655, f. 136.
ii., No. 302.
|Enclose letters received from the Wardens of the East and West Marches, Glencarn, lord Maxwell's wife and others; among them letters from the captain of Berwick and from Thos. Gower showing what repairs are necessary upon the castle and bridge there, upon which the writers desire instruction. Darneton, 6 Aug. Sinned by Shrewsbury, Durham, and Sadler.|
|In Sadler's hand, p. 1. Add. Endd.: 1544.|
|6 Aug.||42. Wharton to Shrewsbury.|
A., p. 129.
|Encloses a letter he has received from the laird of Wamfrey, prisoner. Carlisle, 6 Aug. Signed.|
|P. 1. Add.: lieutenant in the North.|
A., p. 127*
|2. Robert Scot of Wamfry, to Wharton.|
|"Ye Govern our kepyss ye towne of Edinburth styll, and ye Queyn com not furtht of Styrlyne hess zyt; and my lord of Anguwss and Boytwell gaderyt yar folkes and wayttyt one ye cumyng of ye erll of Huntle and Argyll. Ye erll of Argyll com tyll Edinburh and spak wt ye Governour and raid hiss way agane and ye erll of Huntle com not fra hes awne cuntre; and sa thay kepyt not yar promyss at thay maid to ye erll of Anguiss and Boytwell." When I get more tidings I will advertise you.|
|P. 1. Add.: To ane honorable lord, my lord Quhartoun, warden of ye West Merches of Ingland.|
|6 Aug.||43. Charles de Lorraine to the Queen of Scotland.|
|Takes the opportunity of writing by Mons. de la Touche to recommend himself very humbly to her, desiring to know her news. La Touche will tell her about those here. Paris, 6 Aug.|
|Our two brothers send commendations.|
|Hol.,F.,p. 1 Add.|
|7 Aug.||44. Wharton to the Lord Chancellor.|
32,655, f. 142.
ii.. No. 303.
|Wm. Sandes, father to this bearer Wm. Sandes, has hawks yearly breeding on his ground in a rock beside a cell called St. Bees, Cumb., which belonged to the monastery of St. Mary's beside York; for which hawks his said father had a yearly fee from the late abbots, who yearly presented the hawks to the King as their gift. He asked Wharton's advice how to use "these caste of faucons and a tercell" gotten this year, and is glad to carry them to the Queen as a present. Begs favour for him that he may have something for taking and bringing them. He has honestly served the King, under Wharton, when commanded. Trusts that, although remaining far from the King's presence and from his Lordship, he retains his Lordship's favour. Carlisle, 7 Aug. Signed.|
|P. 1. Add. Endd.: 1544.|
|7 Aug.||45. Chapuys to the Queen of Hungary.|
|On the 4th inst., at St. Omer, about midday, received her letters of the 2nd together with the Emperor's of the 26th, and in pursuance of her command, although somewhat indisposed, set out hither; where he arrived in less than 15 hours, and not without trouble. In his haste to obey, had no leisure to advertise her of the receipt of her letters and his departure. Arrived here early next day, but could not speak with the King, who was in the fields until night. Yesterday, after dinner, he and De Courrieres were with the King. Said that the principal cause of his coming was to satisfy his former desire to see the camp, and to congratulate the King upon his health, of which he had been advertised by Alburquerque and De Courrieres; and that desire had been increased by the arrival of letters from the Emperor. The King took this well and, having heard the contents of the said letters, made a discourse of all the French practises with him and his men, saying that it was true that the offers which Framiselle brought had already been proposed to him some time ago, as he advertised Chapuys at Calais, but, because tliere was then nothing to go upon (ny avoit fondement) he did not name those who spoke of it nor think it well to advertise the Emperor; but, Framiselle having come with charge from the king of France, he would not omit to advertise the Emperor and De Courrieres of it;—repeating, for Chapuys's information, all that he had said to De Courrieres, and concluding that he took heed on no account to listen to the French, or to practises of France or others, without the knowledge and wish of the Emperor. For haste, avoids reciting the representations and persuasions which he and De Courrieres used upon this matter. Finally, after the King had told of his hope of taking both this town and Monstreul, from one topic to another, they led him, of himself, to declare that when all was said it would ultimately be well to come to a good peace. He said flatly that he had not been advertised from his ambassador of the Sieur de Longeval's instance to go to the Emperor to treat of peace, and he rejoiced to hear of "le remede" made to Longeval on the Emperor's behalf. And he has had Chapuys carefully questioned about this by secretary Paiget, from whom Chapuys gathered that the King had written to his ambassador to pray the Emperor to have regard, if the French came to practise, to his honour, as he would to the Emperor's if the French addressed themselves to him. Either by inadvertance or by confidence in Chapuys, the said Secretary let out that the King had written to his ambassador to use such dexterity that the Emperor may not take up a sinister opinion eitlier of desire for peace or weariness of war. Thought best, for many respects, not to go futher into the matter at that time; and, this morning, upon another pretext, was in the said Secretary's tent without De Courrieres. Said that, since the matters which he wished to communicate proceeded from his own zeal for the King's service, he had not wished the intervention of any other witness than Paget, who (besides his friendship to Chapuys) was the personage who would best assist him and direct the affair; and, presupposing, by what he had heard from the King and Paget, that the King would be inclined to some good peace, set forth, in conversation, the message which she sent by the Sieur Deke. The discourse would be too long to recite. The Secretary found it all very good and promised forthwith to speak of it to the King; and will not be long (Chapuys thinks) in reporting an answer. The Secretary asked if, perchance, she was fully instructed herein of the Emperor's intention, and was answered that he might well think that Chapuys knew nothing, who put it forward of himself, but it was certain that the Emperor would not disavow anything she did (Chapuys alleging several reasons hereupon). Although he has not had the said answer, would not omit to advertise her of the above, and of the receipt of her letters of the 4th inst.|
|The Seigneur de Buren arrived here yesterday to salute the King and report affairs of Monstreul. Since Framezelle's departure, his wife has gone out from Bouloigne; but she will remain in custody of the Deputy of Calais, who is here, until the capture of the town, so as not communicate with the French. This and other little particulars will be learnt by De Courrieres's letters. From the camp before Boulogne, 7 Aug. 1544.|
|Fr. Modern transcript of the original at Vicnna, pp. 4.|
|8 Aug.||46. For the Siege of Boulogne.|
|R.O.||Money paid by Sir John Williams, treasurer of the Augmentations, 8 Aug. 36 Henry VIII., for ten days' wages beforehand, at 6d. a day, to labourers sent into France, with freights paid for them and for ordnance to Bullen.|
|[Giving names of the captains of the men, viz. John Belson, John Heywood, Dennis Kelley, Thos. Rydleye, Ric. Frenchyngfyld, Jasper Nichollys, John Leight, Walter Clerke, John Taylour, Hen. Robyns, Thos. Hill and Thos. Rendall, and of the masters of the ten ships in which they went.]|
|Total charges 469l. 18s. 4d,|
|8 Aug.||47. [Anthony Cave] to John Johnson.|
|R.O.||8 Aug. 1544, at . . . . . . . [A much mutilated letter upon commercial dealings and projects.]|
|* * * * *|
|"My cousin Robert Tanfelld is returned, and therefore be you bold to desire Mr. Buckler, the Queen's secretary, in my name. There is one Mr. Everart, a gentleman of my lord of Westmynster's, my cousin Robert's friend, whom if ye deliver his letter unto and desire his help, will, with the help of one Mr. Stanfford, my lord Chanceler's servant, help much for your suit for Giles, as my cousin Tanffeld sheweth me. So that my trust is [with] my brother Croke's help and my cousin Ootwelle's and theirs, ye shall obtain some g . . . . . Giles which I would be glad to hear of." Commend me to [your brother] Ootwell, whom I thank for his letter showing that salt will not be sold [above] 4 nobles a "weye"; wherefore my advise is at once to sell it by 12 or 10 weye weekly in Billingsgate. Cowper, the carrier, and others tell me they pay 9d. a "stricke" which is 30s. a weye. If your brother Ottwell "can speak fair to my lord Mayor and bring some present when he maketh first show of it, I trust he may get my lord Mayor's price to be ixd. or better, showing the goodness of the salt with the great charges and long lying thereof."|
|* * * * *|
|Pp. 2. Much mutilated. Add.|
|8 Aug.||48. Lennox to the Council with the Queen.|
St. P., v. 396.
|Has received their writings by bearer showing that "by ye provitioun of God, quha evir wirkis wt the kingis Majeste our Maister," the coloured falsehood of the lords of Scotland is known. Is glad to know it before his departure; and thanks them for their counsel, which he will use according to the King's instructions. His ship "is departed" to sea this Saturday, 9 Aug., and himself by land to Bomarris, where, when the King s ships arrive, they will take their voyage with diligence. Begs to be commended to the Queen. West Chester, 8 Aug. signed.|
|P.S.—Thanks for their good treatment of his brother.|
|P. 1. Add. Endd.: viij0 Julii (sic) 1544.|
|8 Aug.||49. James Rokeby to Sir Edw. North.|
|R.O.||As you commanded, I have been with Sir Arthur Laiton at York and sold such goods as late were Richard Layton's, dean of the metropolitan church there. Tne bearer, my clerk, brings the money and the book of particulars of the sale. Wherein we had the counsel of my lord President of the North Parts. Asks allowance to himself (as the King's reward) of the money he owes. York, 8 Aug. Signed.|
|P. 1. Add.: Chancellor of Augmentations.|
|8 Aug.||50. Shrewsbury and Others to the Queen and Council.|
32,655, f. 144.
ii., No. 304.
|Enclose letters presently received from the wardens of the East and Middle Marches describing an honest rode made into Scotland by the warden of the Middle Marches and exploits done in the Frith by certain English ships lying on this coast. Darneton, 8 Aug.|
|P.S.—Other letters herewith are arrived from Wharton with such as Robert Maxwell sent to him and Lenox. Signed by Shrewsbury, Durham and Sadler.|
|In Sadler's hand, p 1. Add. Endd.: 1544.|
|8 Aug.||51. Alex. Brand, Vicar of Evan, to James Anderson.|
32,655, f. 157.
ii., No. 310(1).
|Will be with him shortly and make an end of Willy Ryche's matter. Lend Lynton (who left my errands in Murray undone) 12d. to run to Murray and get word of Alexander. I have been sick and James's wife is right sick. Alex. Jonson was here, very bare. Two English ships lie here and take the fisher boats. A new parliament is proclaimed by the Queen and lords with her in Stervelyn to be held there the morn after our latter Lady Day. (fn. n1) Sanct Andr[ois], 8 Aug.|
|Commend me to Mr. John Brown.|
|Hol., p. 1. Add: in Straychtbogy, officer to my lord erll of Huntlye.|
|8 Aug.||52. [The Same] to Hugh Crage.|
|Ib. f. 158.||Two English ships lie on our coast before Maii and have taken five or six fisher boats with other crayers, and sell them again. They passed to Bervyk with one freight and are now returned. The Queen and the lords with her, Angus and Bothewel have proclaimed a new parliament the morn after our latter Lady Day* in Stervelyng, and the Governor is summoned to hear himself deposed. Linox is in England proclaimed lieutenant of the North of England and South of Scotland, of King Henry's authority; "quhilk lufftenent ve dred salbe at the next Parliment be the Dowglas vayis. The Governour and Cardinall ves at ane consal this samyn day of this dait in Dunfermlyng. The vill get mony assisteris in Mernis, Angus and Fyff. Bot all this is bot gret trowble to the commonis."|
|Gives directions for causing Master Thomas to draw the two acts of process between him and John Browne. St. Andrews, 8 Aug. 1544. Not signed.|
|In the same hand as the preceding, p. 1. Add.: Suo confratri Magistro Hugoni Crage, vicario chori ecclesie cathedralis Moravien.|
|8 Aug.||53. Chapuys to the Queen of Hungary.|
|Having, late at night, received the Emperor's letters of the last of the past month, Chapuys and De Courrieres went, this after-dinner, to communicate the contents to the King. Touching the hope of taking Sainct Desier the King answered not a word. As to the rest, the coming and offers of the Sieur de Villemont, bailli de Dijon, Chapuys enriched the affair by saying that King Francis offered several things, one of which, the marriage of the Princess of Spain with the Duke of Orleans, spoilt all the rest, for (and principally because there was no offer to Henry) the Emperor at once rejected the practice, saying that there .was no need to talk of the said marriage, and that, before all things, the King (Henry) must be satisfied, and the French might content themselves with making restitution to others; which rejection, Chapuys thought, was because he had several times written that Henry did not like the said marriage with such a dowry, and, besides, the Emperor would not have listened to the practice but that Chapuys had divers times written that Henry was of opinion that audience ought to be given to the French, since there was no risk in that. The King showed great satisfaction, affirming that on his side there should be no lack of correspondence in all that concerned the Emperor's honor, and that Framezelle indeed made overture of the said marriage, alleging persuasions that Milan belonged to his master, to which the King answered that he was neither judge, doctor nor advocate to decide such questions, and referred it to those concerned.|
|As Secretary Paiget dissembled having reported their last communications, Chapuys did not forget to put them forward to the King; requesting first that, using the benignity wherewith he had always excused Chapuys' faults and rashness, he would hear privately that which, of himself and for the King's service, he wished to say. This the King heartily granted; and, De Courrieres having withdrawn a little, Chapuys told him the whole substance of what the Sieur Decke reported and showed in writing, adding thereto as he thought best, especially that the intention of the French should be considered, and care taken that they might not reproach us with being unable to take the season and opportunity either of peace or war, in which two things, above all others, opportunity and diligence were terribly needed; and that if the King was anywise inclined to peace, it would be a long process to wait, stroke upon stroke, answer from the Emperor, and likewise to intimate his will to the Emperor in case the affairs were negociated there; and, since he had discoursed so prudently of innumerable inconveniences which in war may happen at any moment, that it was expedient, while their arms were prospering, to choose this opportunity and with all diligence learn to what they could bring the enemy. Wherefore it seemed to Chapuys, the better to dissemble the desire for peace and prevent spies from making use of the goings and comings to the camps, that the practise should be negociated in a place between their countries, and by sufficient and trusty and well inclined persons; and that he could think of no more suitable person than the Queen of Hungary, who, he thought, ought to desire peace (as well for her goodness, virtue and prudence as for the insupportable troubles which she sustained by the war) besides that no personage in the world had more respect to his honor and wealth than she, who was also more able to persuade the Emperor in this than any other. Finally, after several answers, duplicate and triplicate, the King excused himself upon having no sufficient person to send her to attend to (entendre) the said practice; and when Chapuys would not agree, made a second excuse that he knew not whether the king of France would consent; and, when Chapuys proved that there was no doubt therein, he resolved that it was more reasonable and fitting that those concerned should negociate, that he thought that when things were in trim (en quelque bon terme) he would have as much credit with the Emperor as she, and that, if it pleased the Emperor to tell him resolutely to what conditions his Majesty would condescend, he would do therein such office as he would wish done for him. Said it would be very difficult for the Emperor to do this without first hearing partly to what the enemy might be brought, and that, if he himself had resolved what he would grant, to gain time, he would do well to advertise the Emperor of it, in order that if the French returned with other offers the Emperor may jointly set it down (mectre en terme ce quil desiroit). The King answered that he had already written to the Emperor upon the said affair, and until the answer, and return of Framizelle or coming of some other Frenchman, he neither could nor would say more. And when Chapuys said that the chief thing was to spy out soon the bottom of the Frenchmen's intention, and not to treat absolutely, and that she, with the perscnage whom he would appoint thereto, could do this, he answered that there was nothing that hindered her from doing this and hearing the said Frenchmen, and doing as she thought good therein. And in these excuses and answers he persisted.|
|At their leaving, the King affirmed to De Courrieres and him that, last night, divers of his men mounted the breach and there slew one Frenchman, and near the foot of the wall they also slew ten or a dozen Frenchmen; and he made no doubt about carrying the town, but, to do it surely, he would still give two batteries and finish the mines.|
|Begs her to have compassion upon his illness, for if this fine weather change he is lost and can neither get well here nor be taken elsewhere. Begs her also to advertise the Emperor as she thinks fit of the contents of his last letters and of these. From the camp before Boulogne, 8 Aug., 1544.|
|Fr. Modern transcript of the original (in cipher) at Vienna, pp. 5.|
|8 Aug.||54. Chapuys to Charles V.|
|Owing to the illness of him who keeps the cipher Chapuys has written to the Queen of Hungary to advertise the Emperor of what he has written [to her].|
|Fr. Modern note (headed: Chapuys a l'Empereur, 1544, Aout 8) of original at Vienna.|
|8 Aug.||55. The Sieur de St. Martin to Francis I.|
St. P., x. 25.
|Spoke with the King of England on Thursday (fn. n2) and found him gracious and reasonable. Takes it on his life that the friendship between Francis and him was never so great as it will be if they meet; yet the said King makes a great effort upon Bouloigne, and if it is forced there will be great difficulty in dealing for peace. Advises, in accordance with what the King of England said, that one of the Princes of the realm or other sufficient gentlemen should be sent to that King, as hostages till the meeting is arranged. Learnt that the King of England is informed that Francis has not such trust in him as he would have in Francis; for, five or six days ago, Francis sent the bailly of Dijon to the Emperor for peace, and likewise the brother of the Comte de Brienne. Begs pardon for his boldness in declaring his opinion that peace can only be obtained in the way abovesaid. Friday, 8 Aug. Signed: Nicholas de Marques.|
|French. Copy certified by Framezelles, p.1. Endd.: Double de la lestre de Sainct Martin.|
|56. The Sieur de St. Martin to [Du Bies].|
|R.O.||On Thursday last* I spoke with the King of England and found him the most honest and reasonable prince in the world. His friendship with the King our master is not outside his heart, and if one of the Princes of the realm, or other sufficient personages, were sent to him as hostages for the offers made by me, peace would be easily found, and not otherwise. The hostages shall remain until the two Princes meet, and once met, as sure as death, they will part good friends. The King must "ferre le contenu desdites, missives et bien brief, ou aultrement je ne puis cognoistre que le Roy se puisse trouver joyeulx." If possible send these to the King. As soon as the hostages arrive the war will cease.|
|Subscribed: La vraye coppie de la lestre de Sainct Martin quy a este envoye au Roy. (Signed) R. de Framezelles.|
|French. Copy, p. 1. Endd.|
|8 Aug.||57. Mary of Hungary to Henry VIII.|
|R.O.||The bp. of Liege represents that, at the request of Henry's ministers, his steward paid the captains of Chr. Landemberg's footmen 3,248 cr.; as appears by the Bishop's letters herewith, (fn. n3) asking her intercession that the steward may be re-imbursed. It was done for Henry's service, upon the information by the sub-delegates that the footmen were to be paid a month's wages, not according to their rolls but as the Emperor pays to 4,000 High Germans (which was also what Henry's commissioner, Ralph Fane, told the writer), and that they would indemnify the steward; and she is sure that Henry will not suffer the steward to suffer thereby. Writes to the Sieur de Courrieres, for whom she begs credence herein. Antwerp, 8 Aug. 1544. Signed. Countersigned: Despleghem.|
|French. Broadsheet, p. 1.|
|9 Aug.||58. Q. Katharine to Henry VIII.|
27,402, f. 39b
|This day I received advertisments from my lord of Lenox which, being first showed to your Council, I address to you; trusting in God, who prospers your affairs in Scotland, to hear shortly of your better success in France, for which all loving subjects pray. My lord Prince and the rest of your children are in good health. Hampton Court, 9 Aug. 36 Hen. VIII.|
|P.S. —Imputes the good speed which Lenox has had to his serving a master whom God aids. He might have served the French King, his old master, many years without attaining such a victory.|
|P1. Modern copy, from a MS. of Sir T. Hanmer.|
|9 Aug.||59. Lord Evers to Shrewsbury.|
ii, No 305(1).
|This Friday, 8th inst., received a letter (enclosed) from Alex. Pringill of affairs in Scotland. "At the making hereof I received a letter from your lordship by Christopher Malyrye, brother to Sir William Malory, treasurer of Berwyk, which letter is directed unto Sir Cuthbert Ratclif [and] to me, wherein your lordship's pleasure is that he shall pay [the] poorest, and the better sort to spare for a season." The wages of this town have always been paid at Midsummer and Christmas, and the poor men have wages of 4d. or 6d. a day, except the head officers, and take what they require on credit; so that, their day being so long past, and victuals so dear, please be a mean for the payment of their whole wages as in times past. Berwyke, 9 Aug. Signed.|
|P. 1. Add. Endd.: 1544.|
|9 Aug.||60. Norfolk and Others to the Council with the King.|
|R.O.||Learn by espials that the Frenchmen assemble a great power to set upon their convoy going or returning from St. Omer's, and have therefore delayed sending it. The Burgundian horsemen complain of their continual travail in going to the said convoy, fetching forage daily and scouting every night. Their horses are likely thereby to become unfit to serve. Desire the King to take order for their victualling from Flanders by way of Boleyn. Are in "no despair of this town" unless their victuals are cut off, as they will be if the way of St. Omer's is continued. For this time only they are able to bring their convoy hither. From the camp before Monstrell, 9 Aug., 1544. Signed: T. Norflolk: J. Russell: T. Cheyne.|
|P. 1. Add, Endd.|
|9 Aug.||61. Russell to Paget.|
|R.O.||Thanks for those [news] you sent me out of Scotland. To requite you I trust to send news of the winning of this town. "Sir, I heartily thank you for the passport for the Italians' horses; and according[ly] I have caused to be disbursed unto Jeronimo ("him" cancelled) fifty pounds for the presting in Flanders an hundreth hacquebuttiers. I pray to God that we [may] merrily meet together and w . . . . . t . . w . . . . were in no worse aredyn[ess] . . . . . . . . . . . of this tow[n] . . . . . . t . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Bulloigne . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I most . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . wold my . . . . . . . [Written in the camp at] the siege of [M]ounstre[ll, 9 Aug.]". Signed.|
|P.1. Mutilated. Add. Endd.: ix° Augti 1544.|
|9 Aug.||62. ––––––– to-––––––.|
28,593, F. 331.
vii. 163 and
|Gives an account of the Emperor's proceedings from the time that he left Pont de Moujon and came to see the Duchess of Lorraine at a place of hers between Vari and Ligni on the 13th inst, describing the assault on Sant Desir on the 16th and giving the names of the principal men killed and wounded, and a particular account of the death of the Prince of Orange, whose office, some say, will be given to "Mons. Logran." (fn. n4) News of the illness of the King of France. The vanguard and rearguard of the English King are at Monterreu, an important French place defended by 4,000 foot and 200 men of arms. The King left London with the battle on the 8th inst. and we hourly expect news of his crossing. The day before yesterday, hearing that the French had 600 horse and 3,000 foot at Vitry, the Emperor sent "Mr. Logran,"* Don Francisco d'Este and Juan Baptista Castaldo, who defeated them (attacks described) and captured their baggage, worth 30,000 cr. Sant Desir, 25 July 1544.|
|P.S. on the 30th.—The mining of Sant Desir continues, and there is news that the King of England has crossed to Calais and his army is busy mining Monterreue, which they hope shortly to take. Our army is now well supplied with victuals.|
|P.S.—On the last of the past month 25 French horsemen tried to enter Sant Desir. Five got in, nine fled and our men captured eleven, &c. (Notes of the progress of the war and of reports received, written at various dates, of which 9 Aug., 2 Aug., and 8 Aug. are mentioned.)|
|Spanish, pp. 12. Modern copy from Simancas. Headed: Muy magnifico Serior mio. A full abstract is in Spanish Calendar.|
|9 Aug.||63. Baron Jeorjus ab Heideck to Henry VIII.|
|R.O.||That he has not written for so long was for want of anything worth writing. Thinks he knows that in last Diet nothing worthy of so great an assembly was done, save that, at the Emperor's instance, the French king, confederate of the Turk, was declared a common enemy of the Empire, and an aid of 20,000 foot and 4,000 horse decreed against him,—some of them, however, to defend Hungary from the Turk. Expects that next Diet, indicted for 1 Oct., will treat of concord of religion, reformation or restitution of the judgment of the Imperial Chamber, and supplies for some years for defence and offence against the common enemy. The Swiss,when required not to aid the French king against the Emperor, answered that they would intercede for concord if the Emperor would first explain his case to them, and at length openly joined the French king. Henry duke of Brunswick, having secretly collected an army, attempted to seize the bishopric of Münister, as a means to recover his lost duchy; but his scheme was frustrated and his soldiers deserted him. It is to be feared that his adversaries, the elector of Saxony and landgrave of Hesse, who thereupon assembled an army, will demand an indemnity from his partisans, and so raise a new and worse tragedy in the Empire. To make matters worse, the Pope, who hitherto pretended to be neutral and ready to make peace, now aids the French king; for it is said that Strozzi leads to the King 15,000 foot and 1,000 horse collected near Alessandria, half of whom the Pope pays, although he pretends that it is not against the Emperor but against Henry. Hopes that when the Emperor and Henry return victorious over the French, the Emperor will have occasion to revenge the Pope's perfidy and to deliver Germany and Christendom from the Turk; and that Henry will assist. The Turk has withdrawn all his forces in Hungary, except the garrisons, in order to meet an attack from the king of the Persians. Neuburg (e.r Nova.Civitate,oppido meo), 9 Aug.'44. Signed.|
|Lat. Large paper, p. 1. Add. Endd.. The baron of Hadek.|
|9 Aug.||64. Edmond Harvel to Henry VIII.|
St.P., x. 30.
|Wrote on the 3rd inst. Piero Stroci has since departed from Plaisance with his company, which passes not 5,000, and, as he takes his way by the mountains of Geane, which are barren and extremely difficult, most of his men will abandon him. Grimani, late legate in Scotland, is dead in Rome; and the Bishop has made his brother, Cardinal Grimani, legate to the French king, and Cardinal Moron legate to the Emperor, to practise peace, for fear of the French king's ruin rather than for zeal to Christendom. Bids Henry beware of the Bishop, whose whole aim is to aggrieve him, being "moved with incredible hate and envy" to see him in France with so flourishing a power. Barbarossa, since departing from Lipary, has sent Polin to the Turk with 30 galleys and gone himself to Previsa. Venice, 9 Aug. 1544.|
|Hol.,p. 1 Add. Endd.|
|10 Aug.||65. The Council with the King to Norfolk and Others.|
|R.O.||The King has seen your lordships' letter to us by bearer, Richmond, and heard his credence; and commands us to write that order is already taken for turning the staple of victuals from St. Omer's to Gravelyns to be conveyed this way, saving that next convoy must come by your accustomed way, as Mr. Brian would report to you. The King perceives by your letters, and suspects by the stay of your heralds, that the enemies intend some sudden enterprise. Remit the rest to bearer's report. Bullen, 10 Aug. 1544.|
|Draft in Paget's hand, pp. 2. Endd.: M. to the duke of Norff., etc., x° Augustii 1544.|
|10 Aug.||66. Vaughan and Others to Henry VIII.|
|R.O.||Vaughan lately signified by Francis the post that he had bargained with Jasper Dowche to have 21,000l. Fl. at 14 per cent, for the year to be repaid 15 Feb. next. The merchants here have a custom "that all moneys taken up by exchange or by finance are repaid again in ij parts gold, of gold valued, and j part in white money"; which the writers are loth to be bounden to, as to get so much valued gold may cost from ¼ to 2 per cent. This has always been a cause of sticking, for the merchants will make no bargain without it, and long ago the lord Chancellor sent instructions not to "press the merchants nor stick with them thereabouts." Have seen bargains made by the Emperor, under his seal and the Queen's signature showing that he gives 12 per cent, interest for the year and, besides, ex dono 1 per cent, for every mart, of which there are four in the year, and promises repayment in two parts gold and one white money. See no remedy but to make the bills accordingly. If they had not quickly bargained with Jasper Dowche for the money it would have been dearer, for the Queen is come hither for great sums. As Lightmaker brought not 200 horsemen Vaughan delivered him only 200 cr., and promised the rest when the rest of his men came. Enclose copy "of the bill that the merchants desire to have us subscribe." Andwerp, 10 Aug. 1544. Signed: S. Vaughan: John Dymmocke: Thomas Lock.|
|In Vaughan's hand, pp. 3. Add. Endd.|
|10 Aug.||67. Vaughan to Paget.|
|R.O.||By Mr. Leighton I received your letter and accordingly, after concluding with Jasper Dowche, will "repair to the Italian that is here in prison and signify unto you his answer." We stick to make the merchants' bills to repay two parts gold and one part silver, but it is the custom and, as the Emperor pays it, we shall be compelled to it, which will be a loss to the King. We now write of it to his Majesty, whose pleasure I beg you to let us know by Wm. Damsell, the bearer. I have sent a copy of the merchants' bill. "We hear that Bulleyn will render it self to the King's Majesty, and so is the Queen advertised." Andwerp, 10 Aug. 1544.|
|Hol.,p. 1. Add. Endd.|
|10 Aug.||68. Wotton to Henry VIII.|
St. P., x. 31.
|Within these few days, three persons have fled hither out of the town who say there is great lack of flesh and wine, but wheat enough, &c.; and that the common soldiers would have parliamented long ago, but the gentlemen and captains would not agree, and punished some of them for speaking of it. On the 8th, a trumpet came out of the town for safeconduct to treat for its "dedicion"; and the same afternoon came forth the Conte de Sanxerre, the Viconte de Riviere and an Italian named Maryn, who devised the fortifications. They required to have all this month, and then, if not succoured, to march out in full battle array. The Viceroy told them to return and he would on Tuesday make them answer with a new assault. So they departed; but came again in the evening, and again on the morrow, being Saturday, twice; when they finally agreed and promised five hostages. The hostages were long in coming and only four came; the fifth, Longuevalle's son is looked for, but was not come this Sunday at 1 o'clock when Wotton was with Granvelle. Unless relieved, the town is to be delivered on Sunday next, and the defenders to march out with bag and baggage and two pieces of ordnance, as they of Luxemburgh did. Meanwhile they may make no fortification; and they receive in two of the Emperor's men, to see this order kept, and send two gentlemen to signify it to the French king. The Italian said he wondered why his fellows spoke of any agreement, as it was the strongest place that ever he saw. The Emperor draws his men hither, except the garrisons. Most of Landenbergh's footmen are come; and more men are sent for. The Frenchmen say that 14,000 Switzers are come to Troyes. If they do as good service as the French king promises good wages they should do some great feat; for, as every man is a gentleman or a veteran, it stands not with their honor "to take any less than four or five pays apiece." Camp before St. Digier, 10 Aug., 1544. Signed.|
|Pp. 3. Add. Endd.|
|10 Aug.||69. Wotton to Paget.|
|R.O.||The Viceroy caused the ensigns taken of the Frenchmen at Vitry to be set hard by the town ditches, and then sent a trumpet to tell them of the town that they might perceive i-that those in whom they trusted for succour were overthrown, and advise them to adventure themselves no longer lest they repented it. They answered that those in whom they had their trust were 40,000 or 50,000 men and themselves, and bade the trumpet speak no more to them at his peril. Describes how, on the 1st inst., 30 French horsemen, each with a sack of gunpowder behind him, attempted a dash from the woods into the town; of whom 13 got through, 2 were slain and 10 taken. One of those slain carried letters from the French king to tne count of Sanxerre, announcing that he was made a knight of the King's order, and promising him and the rest great rewards. On Saturday, 2nd inst., about midnight, a feigned assault was made on the town, and, when the Frenchmen came thick upon the walls, 12 or 14 great pieces of ordnance were suddenly discharged among them. On Sunday, 3rd inst., the Emperor, hearing from Vitry that the Frenchmen were coming with 6,000 foot and 2,000 horse, rode thitherwards at 1 p.m., sending Don Francisco de Est on with some light horse, and after him the Viceroy and Duke Morice with other horse, "the Emperor following with the footmen and the horsemen that are called of his house." They found the Frenchmen gone and returned to camp at midnight. On Wednesday, 6th inst., at midnight was a great alarm throughout the camp, supposed to have been caused through a horse breaking loose.|
|I hear that there is come hither, within these five or six days, a Spanish friar named Gabriel de Goesman, bringing letters out of France from the French queen to the Emperor, "but, seeing I have not been made privy to it by none of th' Emperor's Council, I cannot tell whether it be true or not." By this day sevennight I trust to see St. Digier's name in Latin in the church, as I have written to the King. Camp before St. Digier, 10 Aug. 1544.|
|P.S.—Mons. de Bousse and Mons. de Brederode have burnt the town and Castle of Vaucouleur, upon the Mase, which did much hurt to our victuallers.|
|Hol., pp. 3. Add. Endd.|
|11 Aug.||70. The Council with the Queen to Shrewsbury.|
P.. p. 275.
|Send the copy of part of certain letters which the Council attendant upon the King wrote to the Queen, and also an abridgment of letters to the King from his ambassador resident with the Emperor;—to show how forward the King's affairs are, and how the Emperor proceeds. The Queen wishes them communicated to lord Wharton,—for the earl of Glencarn's information, who seems by his letters much desirous to hear of the King's good success.|
|We are glad to hear of the diligence of the King's servants upon the frontiers and think lord Eure has well resolved to give no assurance. Pray furnish them of the East Marches with the munition they write for; and when we know particularly what munition you want we will supply it as we may. You shall take order for the repair of the castle and bridge at Berwick, the charge whereof, as you write, will not be great and may be paid by Mr. Shelley; and you shall have a commission for lead by next post. Doubtless you received the letters of our opinion, to be signified to Lord Wharton, touching Robert Maxwell. It is well to keep the Scots waking on all sides; and not to forget Maxwell, whose men have presumed to attempt such displeasures within the English pale as you last advertised. Hampton Court, 11 Aug. 1544. Signed by Cranmer, Wriothesley, Westminster and Petre.|
|P. 1. Add,|
|11 Aug.||71. Thomas Mollineu x.|
2,067, f. 118.
|Will of Sir Thos. Mollineux, parson of the moiety of the parish of Wallesley, made 11 Aug 1544.|
|Modern copy, p. 1.|
|11 Aug.||72. Shrewsbury and Durham to the Queen and Council.|
32,655, f. 146.
ii., No. 305.
|Send up, for consideration, letters received yesterday from the wardens of the East and Middle Marches. As Shrewsbury has had divers suits made to him for the exchange of certain prisoners, he intends to proceed in it. Darneton, 11 Aug. 1544. Signed.|
|In Shrewsbury's hand, p. 1. Add. Endd.|
|11 Aug.||73. Henry VIII. to Francis I.|
|The letter described in Spanish Calendar, VII., No. 180, as of this date is of the 3rd. Aug. See No. 19 (3).|
|11 Aug.||74. Norfolk and Russell to Paget.|
|R.O.||Beg him to obtain the King's signature to a bill of Mr. Treasurer's in the hands of Mr. Rytche. "Mr. Treasurer showeth himself here right worthy to be much made of, for his great pains and diligent service." Camp before Montroeull, 11 Aug. Signed.|
|P.I. Add.: Secretary. Endd.: 1544.|
|11 Aug.||75. Pierre Boisot and Others to Paget.|
|R.O.||When Boisot returned and delivered the Sieur du Roeux the letters of the King's Council, and declared the conclusion last taken at Boulongne (after waiting for news from the duke of Noirtfolck, which is not come yet) because many victuallers had been here over four days, and their victual was spoiling, proclamation was made, upon consultation with the King's commissaries, that the victuallers should go by Gravelinghes to Boulongne and thence get convoy to Monstureul. Have today sent them all towards Gravelinghes, with three men to keep order among them; and send their confrere, the bearer, to signify this conclusion. Du Roeux has written to Meester Walop to send out horsemen for their protection. Desire that the victuallers may be put to no trouble and may have licence to carry back booty; or they will be unwilling to come again, to the detriment of both the camps. Understand from Du Roeux that no garrison is yet placed at Licques, as was last concluded at the Council, and that, some days ago, 120 French horse brought money to those of Ardre, which would have been prevented had there been a garrison at Licques. Are writing to the captain of Gravelinghes to let the victuallers pass free of toll; and intend to go thither to reside, having proclaimed that victuallers may come towards Gravelinghes. St. Omer, 11 Aug. 1544. Signed: Piere Boisot: Sebastien Bourgeois: Raffe de Mondreloiz.|
|French, pp. 2. Add. Endd.: The Commissaries of St. Omers.|
|11 Aug.||76. Charles V. to Henry VIII.|
St. P., x. 33.
|Although the Queen of Hungary sent the Sieur de Courrieres to congratulate Henry and welcome him on this side the sea, the Emperor sends the Sieur de Tourcoin, gentleman of his mouth, for whom he begs credence. Camp before St. Disier, 11 Aug. 1544. Signed. Countersigned: Bave.|
|French. Broadsheet, p. 1. Add. Endd.|
|11 Aug.||77. Wotton to Paget.|
|R.O.||This morning Secretary Joisse came to say that Mons. de Granvele sent me word that yesterday he forgot to show me that the gentleman taken at Lingny, who has been twice before with the Viceroy, was here again on Friday last, and showed the Viceroy that the Admiral, Mons. D'Annebault, desired to speak with him and Granvele. When he said he had no charge to declare upon what ground this was desired, they told him that D'Annebault need take no pains therein, for, till that was known, they would "leese" no time in speaking of such matters.|
|I enclose a copy of the capitulation and the names of the hostages. "I hear say that the frere Gosemanne is returned again into France, whereabout I know not yet." (fn. n5) Camp before Sainct Digier, 11 Aug. 1544. Signed.|
|P. 1. Add. Endd.|
|R.O.||2. "Traicte, pact et acord faict entre le tresillustre Sr Vice Roy de Secille, lieutenant et cappitaine general de l'armee de l'Empereur, d'une part, et le Sr Conte de Sensar, lieutenant du Roy de France dedans la ville et plaice de Sainct Disier, par les voyes des Srs de la Chesmiere, le Visconte de la Riviere et Jheronimo de Marino, ses deputez," viz.:—|
|Ten articles providing for the evacuation of St. Digier on Sunday week 17th inst., unless succoured by the French king in the mean time. Made at the Imperial camp before St. Dizier, 9 Aug. 1544.|
|ii. Since the above was made, Sensar's deputies have been before the Emperor, who has confirmed it.|
|iii. Names of the hostages to be delivered to the Viceroy for the above, viz., Mons. de la Roche Baron, Mons. Desternel, Mons. de Cabron son of Mons. de Longueval, marchal des logis of Mons. D'Orleans, Mons. de Molmon, and Mons. Duysans, standard bearer of Orleans's company.|
|French, copy, pp. 3. Endd.|
|12 Aug.||78. The Council with the Queen to Shrewsbury.|
ii., No. 306.
|Enclose an extract of letters to the Queen from the Council attending upon the King and the abridgment of certain other letters to the King from his ambassador with the Emperor. The news is such as all have cause to thank God for; and the Queen wishes it communicated to Wharton to be by him signified to Glinkarn who seems desirous to hear of the King's good success. We are glad to hear that the King's servants and others on the frontiers serve with such diligence and think that lord Eure "hath very well resolved to give none assurance"; and therefore pray furnish the East Marches with the munition they write for; and write to us particularly what munitions are wanted. The Queen approves the repair of the castle and bridge of Berwyke, for which money may be had of Mr. Shelley and a commission for taking the lead shall be sent by next post.|
|Draft by Petre, pp. 2. Endd.: M. to th'erle of Shrewesbury, xij° Augusti 1544.|
|12 Aug.||79. The Portable Ovens.|
5,753. f. 99.
|Warrant to Sir Ric. Southwell, treasurer of the wars, to pay Thos. Phelip, the King's smith of Calice, 15l. 7s. 5d., as expressed in a bill herewith. Written 12 Aug. 36 Hen. VIII.|
|ii.Iron work made and delivered by Phelip by command of my lord Chamberlain "for the mending of the ovens that were broken at Calyce in the office of Clement Harleston, knight," anno 36 Hen. VIII., viz., 29 items of chains, bars, hooks, &c., and a pair of smith's bellows (26s. 8d.). Total 15l. 7s. 5d. Signed: Bye me Thomas Phillype. Also signed by Gardiner and St. John, and by Harleston.|
|12 Aug.||80. Chr. Mont to Henry VIII.|
|R.O.||After the Diet at Spires was finished, and the Emperor departed, the writer came to Strasburg, where, as near France and Switzerland, there is frequent news to be had. It is reported that 20,000 men of the best Swiss families are gone to the French king, who, through his permanent ambassadors there, still asks for more. They fear the Emperor's just indignation against them. Lately Philippus Strotius has led 12,000 Italians into France from Milan (Insubria); the Emperor having sent most of his troops thence to the realm of Naples, where Barbarossa has made incursions. In their passage the Emperor's troops were commanded not to injure the Pope's lands, so that many think the Emperor is seeking to appease the Roman bishop, especially as the former edicts against Lutherans are again published in Flanders (apud Belgas); although many suppose from the treaty of Avignon that the Bishop intends hostility to the Emperor. It is rumoured that 500 sclopetarii have lately come to France from the Venetian territory. The Turkish garrison in Hungary makes frequent incursions into the neighbouring country, which the forces of king Ferdinand are too wasted to prevent. The effort of the duke of Brunswick ended in nothing, as he probably lacked the sinews of war, viz., money. The aid decreed to the Emperor is paid. Strasburg, 12 Aug. 1544.|
|Lat. Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.|
|12 Aug.||81. Chr. Mont to Paget.|
|R O.||Although he has nothing worth writing (because all the doings in the Emperor's camp will be written by the ambassador) takes the opportunity of this doctor's going to write that after the Diet of Spires he went to Strasburg, with which he is much pleased, taking very great pleasure in the society of those learned men whom this city has called to the teaching and establishment of the new school. Youth is here carefully grounded in Greek and Latin and the more advanced study the arts from Greek sources under Sturmius and Welsius. Prices are reasonable and there is little luxury. In time of peace the Emperor's most renowned captains dwell hereabouts, so that news of all Germany is early known. Now after another year's work, desires Paget's advice how he may better merit the King's benevolence. Wrote to the lord Chancellor in congratulation of his late honor and sent him two orations lately printed here, the one addressed to the Emperor, the other to the Princes of the Empire, in which the tyranny of the Roman Dominator is clearly described. Would send a copy to Paget but for fear of burdening the bearer. Sends him the progress of the Emperor's war recently printed here. Commendations to his colleague Dr. Petrus. Strasburg, 12 Aug. 1544.|
|Lat. Hol., p. 1. Add.. Clarissimo viro D. Guilielmo Pacheto sereniss1Regis Anglie secretario, equiti, patrono suo colendisso.Endd.|
|13 Aug.||82. For the Siege of Boulogne.|
5,753, f. 31
|Indenture made at the Tower of London, 13 Aug. 36 Hen. VIII., of receipt by Robt. Baker, master of a crayer of 40 tons (in margin, "The Trynytye of Brighthemston"), from Sir Thomas Semour, masterof the Ordnance, of the following iron shot to be conveyed from the Tower to Bulleyn, viz., 850 for cannons, 265 for culverins, 850 for demi-culverins, 1,500 for sakers and 500 for fawcons. Signed: Bryan Hogg.|
|13 Aug.||83. Russell to Paget.|
|R.O.||In favour of his friend Sir Thos. Palmer, who has been appointed muster master to Count de Buers, to be likewise appointed lieutenant of the horsemen under Mr. Bryan. The man has sustained great losses (as Paget knows), and within these 15 days lost his mares that drew his wagons. He may well exercise both offices "for in the one he shall have but one day's labour in one month." Camp before Mounstrell, 13 Aug. Signed.|
|P. 1. Add. Endd.: 1544.|
|13 Aug.||84. Bernardo Navagero, Venetian Ambassador with the Emperor, to the Signory.|
v., No. 314.
|Last evening, after supping with Granvelle, had a long conversation with the bp. of Arras, who did not see how the Emperor could trust any peace made by the French king. The same day the English Ambassador, saying that he had no news of his King, told the writer that yesterday the Emperor sent a gentleman (fn. n6) to the King, but he did not know why. Perhaps it was to report the surrender of St. Dizier. The same gentleman was heretofore sent to meet the Duke of Lorraine, coming to speak with the Emperor at Valenciennes. (fn. n7) "From the Imperial army under St. Dizier, 10th-13th August."|
|13 Aug.||85. James Stewart.|
|Note that in Consistory, 13 Aug. 1544, referente Card. Carpi, the Pope commended the mon. of St. Columbaof Imonia (fn. n8), Dunkeld dioc., void by cession of abbot Richard, to James Steuar, of the royal stem, aged 17 (fn. n9), with 100l. Sc. out of the fruits, reserving the rest to abbot Richard. Tax 83⅓ fl.|
|Lat. Modern transcript from the Vatican.|
|14 Aug.||86. Sir Anthony Knyvet and Others to the Council with the Queen.|
|R.O.||About 3 p.m. on Thursday last (fn. n10) we descried a great number of ships making towards this place; and, with speed, we put this town and island, with the fortifications, in such order, "without any further stir made in the country," that we might have withstood them for a night and a day. We then sent out a boat with skilful mariners which encountered the said ships under Wight, at St. Elyns point, where they anchored to the number of 44 sails, Spaniards and Portingalys, whereof eight were men of war, "one of the which was a ship of 600, the king of Portingalys ship," and the rest merchant men. The boat returned hither and the ships sent a "trego" with certain captains and others to declare what they were. On Friday, 24sail of great hulks arrived at St. Elyns; and, since then, divers captains, merchants and mariners from the said Spaniards, Portingalys and hulks have been here to buy victuals and "used themselves in right honest sort." They declare that, on Tuesday was se'nnight, 34 of them being together in the Narrow Seas before Bulleyn, were stayed for a time by four of the King's ships, the rest of the King's ships being within the haven of Bulleyn.|
|The new fortress here goes well forward, the barbican almost finished, the ditch to the sea ward cast and the upper story of the square tower brought up almost to the laying of the roof. Had we not discharged many workmen (keeping only enough to finish it this summer) so as to be better able to defend these quarters in case of any enterprise, the fortress would now be near an end. The charges about the buoys devised by the King for the haven here (in charge of Lionel Martyn) and other things besides the fortress, amount to a far greater sum than was expected. The money hitherto received is almost paid out and 800l. more will be little enough to finish the fortress and pay the charges for it and the buoys. Portsmouth, 14 Aug. Signed: Antony Knyvet: Ric. Caurden, d. Cicestren.: John Chaderton.|
|P.S.—This day, after the finishing of this letter, the said fleet of Spaniards, Portingalys, and hulks, having the wind at the east, are departed and out of sight. Signed.|
|Pp. 8. Add. Endd.: 1544.|
|15 Aug.||87. The Council with the Queen to Lennox.|
ii., No. 309.
|Trust that he is either embarked or ready to take passage. To declare affairs with Scotland, enclose copy of the letter wherewith the King has presently returned the laird of Fyve. Hampton Court, 15 Aug. 1544. Signed by Canterbury, Wriothesley, Westminster and Petre.|
|P. l. Add.: at Beaumo[ris].|
|88. Henry VIII. to an Adherent in Scotland.|
|R.O.||By bearer the laird of Fyfe, has received his letters and credence, showing that he bears special affection to the advancement of Henry's affairs and will concur with other noblemen, Henry's friends there, to that effect. Thanks him, and promises that if he joins with Lynoux "to do as he hath covenanted," and lays sufficient hostages, he shall be rewarded; as the laird of Fyfe will declare.|
|Copy of a minute, p. 1. Endd.: Copie of the Kinges Mates l're to the lordes and others of Scotland sent by the lard of Fyfe. Begins: "Right trusty and wellbeloved."|
|15 Aug.||89. The Council with the King to Norfolk and Russell.|
|R.O.||The King has received their letters by bearer, and seen those sent to the Council, and perceives that, from Mons. de Bies's letters intercepted, of which they send the decipher, they conceive that the town (fn. n11) lacks victuals and desire more horsemen to empeach any attempt at re-victualling. The King marvels that, being further within France, you have not more certain advertisement of the Frenchmen's proceedings; for his Highness learns from prisoners of Arde, Hesdin, &c., and, two days past, from Mons. de Roeulx, and yesterday by the ambassadors, and eftsoons today, that the Dolphin is gone with all available horsemen against the Emperor, leaving Vendosme about 2,000, who (although they would, as at Landrechies last year, make a brag to levy the siege) will not move you who have 5,000. The King therefore thinks that the letters were meant to be intercepted. The ambassadors here think that Mons. de Bure's band might be spared from thence, if the King would agree. He prays you "to stick hard unto them and doubt no rescues or re-victualling more than needeth," and you shall lack no help at need; before which the King hopes to have done his feat here and joined you. Please send the original letters intercepted.|
|"Signifying further unto you, my lord of Norfolk, that Mr. Walloppe" has made suit to have his 60 horses from you, and the King is content to send 100 Almain horse in their stead. The convoy being diverted from St. Omer's hither, the 400 footmen at the King's charge under Mons. de Roeulx are appointed to repair to your camp "for the supplement of th' Allemans that miscarried this other day." As it was [late] (fn. n12) ere we received your Grace's letters, and the King disposed to take his rest, we could not learn his pleasure touching your particular letters.|
|Draft in Mason's hand, pp. 3. Endd.: Min. to my lorde of Norff. and my 1. Privy Seale, xv° Aug. 1544.|
|15 Aug.||90. La Vigne to Henry VIII.|
|R.O.||Cannot write the anxiety he has been in since the departure of Jehan Albeige de Daulphine with important information for Henry, and, until he heard that Jehan was, in his return from Henry, taken by the Burgundians and at St. Omer or Bruges, feared lest he had been taken by Marshal du Bies or some other with the writer's cipher upon him. Begs Henry to give order for his deliverance, and send him back. Has long known the bearer, and now that the Dolphin is not upon the frontier has found means for his passage to Henry's camp. If Henry sends an express messenger a Frenchman would be best, to avoid suspicion, the writer being continually in the King's Court. Three days ago the King had news that those of St. Dezier have made composition,—to his great regret, for he counted on succouring them this week, and only awaited his Swiss, who are 20,000 besides four bands of arquebusiers of the mountains of the Grisons, who follow them. They say that they have 12,000 lansquenets, but the writer knows them to be but 8,000. From Piedmont they are bringing 12,000 or 13,000 men of the old bands, of whom 7,000 are Frenchmen, those who defeated the Emperor's lansquenets in this battle. All will be in camp within three or four days, and they will fortify themselves near Chalons, determined not to fight unless at great advantage. The King does not yet go to the camp, and has sent away his great horses; but the Dolphin and Admiral will go hence in three or four days to arrange things, and Orleans, who is at Reins, will join them. If the Emperor marches towards Chalons he will have much ado, for there are within it 8,000 foot and 400 men of arms, and in Troyes as many. A great number "de chevallerie et de jeune noblesse" follow the King's children. Often hears Henry's sieges of Monstreull and Bolongne spoken of, but fears that they will prove only a waste of time, as the places are so. well provided. What makes him think this is that no succours are sent to them. Forgot to say that 300 of the 1,200 men of arms in Picardy are sent to Champaigne to accompany the Dauphin and Admiral. There has been a great bruit thatHenry would listen to a treaty and had given safe-conduct to a gentleman of France to come to him; but here little account is made of it, at least the writer has not been able to learn the truth, although he knows his own danger therefrom if Henry does not have pity upon him. The Emperor is said to seek peace under colour of certain marriages. Cannot learn what it is, but was told by a trumpet the other day that a trumpet of the Emperor's was waiting for a French gentleman near Victry to take him to the Emperor's camp. There must be something in it, and Henry is sure to know it if the Emperor acts faithfully towards him. Fifteen days ago those here were ill content with the Bishop of Rome for not doing as he promised, but he continues the contribution of the 6,000 men and ought to furnish something else to be sent into Scotland. He does it, however, unwillingly, for he is an avaricious priest and great dissembler. Learns this from a friend with the Cardinal of Tournon. The Bishop of Rome's ambassador practises "plus brivement" with the Cardinal of Tournon and the Admiral than he was wont and they treat him better, but the friend has assured me that there is no friendship which he (the King) might not forget for yours. Villierscosterez, 15 Aug. 1544.|
|French. All in cipher, pp. 3. Not addressed. Begins: Sire, je ne vous saurois dire.|
|R.O.||2. Contemporary decipher of the above.|
|French, pp. 3. Endd.: La Vigne to the King's Mate, xv° Augti 1544.|
|15 Aug.||91. Charles V. to Henry VIII.|
|The letter described in the Spanish Calendar, VII. 181, as of this date is apparently that of 15 April 1544. See Part I., No. 339.|