Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 20 Part 1, January-July 1545. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1905.
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April 1545, 11-20
|11 April.||504. Soldiers Adventurers.|
442, f. 217.
|Proclamation for adventurers who are willing to serve in the King's wars to repair, before St. George's Day, to the sign of the Gunne in Billingsgate, where they will be retained by John of Caleys, who has licence to levy soldiers both in England and beyond sea. Westm., 11 April 36 Hen. VIII.|
|Headed as addressed to the mayor and sheriffs of London.|
|Modern copy, p. 1.|
|Soc. of Antiq.||2. Another modern copy.|
|Procl. II. 148.||P 1.|
|11 April.||505. Christopher Breten to John Johnson.|
|R. O.||Acknowledges Johnson's letter of comfort in his grief. Desires a further loan of 3l. Has spoken for wool hereabouts but it is held high. Mr. Belcher holds his at 12s. Tekon, 11 April.|
|Hol., p. 1. Add.: at Glapthorn. Endd.: "aunswered the same day, etc."|
|11 April.||506. Sadler to the Council.|
|R. O.||Perceives by their letters that they would know where my lord of Duresme and he bestowed a number of books of the Office of Arms which remained in the house of the Augustynes, late the lord Crumwell's, when they perused the records there. Neither Duresme nor he remember finding any such books; but of all such books, records, letters and writings as they found they delivered a calendar to the King. Except certain treaties delivered into the treasury of the Exchequer and a few books had into the King's library, all remain in the late lord Crumwell's library in the Augustynes. Darneton, 11 April.|
|Hol, p . 1. Add. Endd.: 1545.|
|12 April.||507. Shrewsbury, Tunstall and Sadler to Henry VIII.|
32 656, f. 237.
II. No. 435.
|Send letters received from the lords Wardens of the East and West Marches showing how the wardens have devised to place the Spaniards. Beg to know, before the said Spaniards arrive, the King's pleasure for their wages and entertainment. Darneton, 12 April. Signed.|
|In Sadler's hand, p. 1. Add. Endd.: 1544.|
|12 April.||508. "Monswr de Mwllynys" to Cardinal Betoun.|
|R. O.||I received your writings from the laird of Dundas upon Pace Even and delivered them to the King, and afterwards to the Council. They made glad all France. I pray God continue Scotland in that name it has gotten. You shall have answer and all your desires by my lord Lorge Mongumrye, who will be ready in all haste to come to you. Persuade my lord Governor and all the lords to be of good comfort, for the King has promised, before his lords, that they shall want nothing in France. Pray be good master to your servant who lies in Seland and serves well both France and Scotland, viz. Anthony Wespusyws, my wife's brother. A thing has fallen in your diocese at Merypos necessary to him, "for he is theyr borne." Let him have it and I will cause the King to thank you. By his wit the King and you have had knowledge of many things. "My lord, quhayr zowr Grace wrayt to me yt I swld be gwyd frynd to Doctor Hellot, (fn. n1) the Cardinal Pwyl servand; for zowr sayk, my lord, I hayf ben and I hayf gottyn hym spechce prevallye of the King. And all thing be is he hes promysit, it wil cum weyl. My lord, wyrk zour mater wyslye and secretlye is ze weyl can in Yrland and Ingland, for and yt cum is it is devisit althingis cumis reyt (right). The Kyng hes send secretlye wrytingis to bay (both). Gift the answr cumys to zowr Grace handis, hest them heyr wt all dylyngens, for thay past away owt of Seland by se to Dardaf (Drogheda) in Yrland. My lord, the imbassitor of Scotland hes wrytin to me yt ze sal hayf bayt pace and maryage wt the Empreor, and Scotland be sa content. My lord, I beseyk zowr lor., lat na thing be concludit quhil ze knaw mayr of the Kyngis mynd quhow all materes werkys. Thayr is zeit mekyll a do. My lord, zowr Grace sall knaw mayr and at mayr lenyt (length) at the cuming of Monswyr Lorge, quhilk y traist in God salbe sone, quha haif zowr Grace in is keping. At Pice apone Sane, the xii day of Apryll, be zowris Grace on the hald sassone scraton (on the auld fashion scarten ?) MONSWR DE Mwllynys.|
|My lord ze knaw this plesand hand."|
|Ho1., p. 1. Add.: To my lord Cardinal's Grace of Scotland.|
|12 April.||509. "Monswyr de Mollyns" to Anthony Wesiutyws.|
|R.O.||I received your writings for the King and Council, and my lord Cardinal, your master's, the last of March; and have written again to my lord Cardinal for your matter of Meripos. Pray labour still the matter of the gentleman Jo. Drumund; for I have a new writing from Sir George Dowglas praying me to get him away. Promise him much, as he may do much pleasure. "And quhayr ze wryt to me yt my lord imbasseytor of Scotland lawberes to do hym a displeswr I pray zow sa to my lord yt he do not sa, for a gentilman wil not be wyn by yt mater, and it wil disples fryndis at hame to. Antonye, resorte amang Inglismen, and heyr al materes quhow al thing gayis, and do zowr materes secretlye; and wayt weyl gyf ze can gait ony letteres owt of Inland or Irland and send them awa in al hest. And quhayr ze wryt to me yt ze hard of Inglismen yt maistar Jo. Drumund hes nathing of the Kyng of Ingland by zeir, I pray zow knaw yt of hym sel gyf ze cane; and promys him in my name largelye, for I think he doys bayt Frans and Scotland hwrt quhayr he is. Gyf ze can bryng hym to zowr purpos, lat hym haif a hunder cronys to cum awa wt all, and tel hym yt I sal prowyd honestlye for hym heyr." Pyce, 12 April.|
|Hol., p. 1. Add.: at Meydylbryt, or elles at the Feyr in Seland at the Syng of the Inycorne in Dand Scottis hows.|
|12 April.||510. St. Mauris to Charles V.|
VIII., No. 43.
|If peace is not made with England the French galleys from Marseilles will proceed to Etaples, where the port is being deepened to receive them, and endeavour to prevent the revictualling of Boulogne. They will go thither about the middle of May, with 20 armed vessels to hold the passage; and the King says that when done with they will be broken up and the convicts sent overland to be shipped again on the Rhone near Lyons. A Genoese named Fiesco is to buy the Pope's ships for the French. As nothing was settled at Cambrai about maritime matters, the French galleys will continue their pilferings as before, and, to judge from the tone of the Chancellor and Admiral, they will be encouraged therein and the Emperor's subjects have no security so long as the war continues. The Scottish pirates left Normandy for Brittany when the merchants began to prosecute them at law. The King says that he sent them there because the English were committing depredations, but he considered their action scandalous and had told M. de Lorge that it was enough for Scotland to be at war with England without quarrelling with the Emperor as well. The Dauphin was instructed to write to M. d' Etampes of the matter; and when the Emperor lets the King know that the Governor disavows these pirates they will doubtless be prohibited. They have taken 30,000 or 40,000 cr. worth of merchandise. If peace is declared all these troubles will cease. Melun, 12 April 1545.|
|*** A modern transcript is in B.M., Add. MS. 28,594, f. 109.|
|Fr., pp. 5.|
|12 April.||511. Richmond Herald to the Council.|
|R. O.||The King of Denmark has commanded all men, both horse and foot, to be ready at a day's warning. Men suppose it to be "annenst" the King of Syedon, whose people rebel and who is invaded by the Russes; "and also the duke of Meclynbours gh[athereth] men of warre to ghedar, and men supposes that he wyll ghoe into Syedon to be King yf he mae." Divers Scots are come to Hamboro reporting that they have slain 7,000 men at the English borders The King of Denmark will let no corn pass out of his realm or through the Sonde; but I trust that a great deal is come to London, for at my coming to Hamboro and Lubecke there were divers ships laden with corn which would have gone into Holland if I had not been. At Hamboro, on 9 April, I desired the Council's licence to lade a small ship with corn, as a venture of one of the burgesses, but they would not give me leave. If the King would write to the Council of Hamboro I think that they would not say nay. "The inbassadour of France remenyt stell wt the [Kyng] of Denmarke and has grete scherre, but as it I kan not here wherfore he comes in to this partys." Other news is none but that Scots come daily to Hamboro, and they of Hamboro go into Scotland. Lubecke, 12 April 1545.|
|Hol.,p.l. Add. Endd.|
|13 April.||512. Deer near London.|
442, f. 217d.
|Mandate to the sheriff of Surrey to make proclamation that the red deer bred in the King's chase of Hampton Court, and fallow deer from his parks thereabouts which have strayed abroad and are lying in woods and bushes between London and Chobham, especially about Combe Park between London and Kingston upon Thames, shall not be molested. Westm., 13 April 36 Henry VIII.|
|Modern copy, p. 1.|
|Soc. of Antiq.
Prod., II. 149.
|2. Another modern copy.|
|13 April.||513. Henry VIII. to Shrewsbury, Tunstall and Sadler.|
St. P., v. 432.
|The French king, being repelled from all his enterprises to recover Bulloyn, has devised to send by the West seas into Scotland a captain named Lorges with 2,000 French footmen, 50 men of arms, 50 archers of his "Garde Scottes," 500 hacquebutiers "of horseback," and some money, to encourage the Scots to invade this realm. The Admiral of France with 15,000 or 16,000 Frenchmen will also attempt to land in some English port near the Borders and pass towards the Scottish army, devastating the country. Means, with the help of Almighty God, to provide for their repulse, and commands Shrewsbury forthwith to describe an army of 30,000 men within the limits of his commission, as many as possible able to serve on horseback on coming to the Borders, and put all ready to march at an hour's warning. Having already instructed him for the taking of musters, no doubt the men are furnished and will be ready to march in few days; and to aid them, a band of 1,500 Spaniards, 4,000 Almains, 400 or 500 hacquebutiers of horseback, and 500 or 600 lances shall repair thither. The enemies, thinking us unprovided, will hasten to come forward by the beginning of May; and therefore the army should be ready to set forward by 12 May if required. Meanwhile, grain and victuals must be gathered into suitable places, order being taken with the towns of Newcastle and Berwick for its provision and with the wardens to see the frontier castles and fortresses furnished. In provision of victuals he shall take the assistance of the Abp. of York, president of the Council there, and of Michael Stanhop, governor of Hull. Will send thither some of the grain which is daily looked for out of Estland. "You," Sir Ralph Sadleyr, treasurer of the wars there, will pay for such grain as "you," Shrewsbury and the Bp. of Durham, think necessary. Considering the importance of these things, has appointed the Earl of Hertford, Great Chamberlain of England, to repair thither; but, as it may chance that, before his arrival, some of the French aid may arrive in Scotland and encourage the Scots to "attempt some skegg upon the frontiers," upon intelligence of any assembly in Scotland the cattle upon the frontiers are to be driven more inland and the grain placed in surety. Having lately been advertised of the disfurniture of the castles of Berwick, Warke and Carlisle, requires him to set all things in such order as was lately signified from the King, and to certify what ordnance, powder and munition remains within the limits of his commission, at Nottingham and elsewhere, and what number of gunners he has; upon knowledge whereof order will be taken for his full furniture.|
|Draft corrected by Petre, pp. 9. Endd.: M. to therle of Shrewesbury, xiii0 Aprilis 1545.|
|13 April.||514. Edmond Harvel to Henry VIII.|
|R. O.||Wrote on the 9th. Letters from Andrinople, of 17 March, report that Ferdinando's ambassador with the Turk who practised the truce is lately deceased, with signs of poison, either by fraud of the Turks or of the French ambassador who had "words and difference" with him. The Turk's camp by land was increased and ready to set forward, with great likelihood of his going in person, The naval power will not be so great as was divulged. The Turk will send part of his power into Inde to offend the Portingalles there.|
|The Bishop seems in great suspicion of the 3,000 Spaniards about Modena. "and, fearing of Parma and Bononye, maketh men in sundry places." Here is great rumor of peace to be treated between Henry and the French king. Venice, 13 April, 1545.|
|Hol, p. 1. Add. Endd.|
|13 April.||515. The Same to the Council.|
|R.O.||On the 10th inst. received theirs of 25 March concerning Wm. Thomas, "late servant to th'onble lord of th'orses" (Master of the Horse). The young man arrived the same day and of himself declared to the writer his defaults against his master, "by folly and misfortune of play which had reduced him to ruin." Caused the Vivaldes factor "to restrain the bills of [exchange] and payment in their hands," and obtained of the Signory that he should be kept in prison. On him were found 16 ducats and crowns and one angel broken, with 4s. in white money. He makes "incessable wepinges for his trespasses which semith to greve him no lesse than deth." Venice, 13 April, 1545.|
|Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.|
|13 April.||516. Mary Queen of Scots to Cardinal Betoun.|
18B. VI., 178b
Epp. Reg. SC.
|In pursuance of her privilege from the Holy See to nominate to ? prelacies, desires him to confer the deanery of Brechin (the first dignity after the bishopric), void by the death of Patrick Stewart, upon James Nasmyt. Stirling (signed by Arran at Edinburgh), id. April 1545.|
|Lat. copy, p. 1.|
|13 April.||517. The Cardinal of Lorraine to the Queen of Scotland.|
Edin , II. 120.
|Writes no news as the ambassador, the bearer, will inform her of all things here. Has requested him to declare to her some things on his part. Nemours, 13 April 1545. Signed: V're humble oncle, le Caral de Lorraine.|
|Fr., p. 1. Add: A la Royne d' Escosse. Endd.|
|14 April.||518. Shrewsbury and Tunstall to Henry VIII.|
|R. O.||Send letters arrived from Lord Wharton with news gotten by espial out of Scotland. Wharton desires to know where to reside now that he leaves the castle and has no house in or near that town, which is thought the most "propice" place for him, as by his letters will appear; and the writers ask what to answer him. Send also letters, examinations and other writings from the Wardens of the East and Middle Marches touching the Dutch ships lately taken upon the coast of Scotland by men of Hull and Lynne. Darneton, 14 April 1545. Signed.|
|P. 1. Add. Endd.|
|14 April.||519. St. Leger to Henry VIII.|
St. P., III. 515.
|This realm remains in the same quiet as for two or three years past. There is a bruit that certain Scots in the beginning of this summer will arrive in the North and that the French king will send young Garrot to join them; but, with Tyroen and Odonell remaining true subjects, little harm is to be feared. Would be glad, however, if the King would send two or three ships to peruse the havens, which no doubt would encounter Frenchmen or Scots, for it is likely that the French king will do somewhat there considering his last year's practice with Odoynall, whereof St. Leger advertised the Lord Chancellor, Henry being then in his conquest of Bolleyn. Has written at large to the Council of affairs here.|
|Mr. Hennage declared to me, at my late attendance upon you, how good lord you were to me for the stewardship and keeping of Charring, midway between your houses of Ledes and Cauntorberie, then in communication for an exchange between you and my lord of Cauntorburie. Desires it only because it would enable him to make men to serve the King. Kylmaynam beside Dublyn, 14 April. Signed.|
|Pp. 2. Add. Endd.: 1545.|
|14 April.||520. St. Leger to the Council.|
St. P. III., in.512.
|This land rests in the stay it has been in these two or three years. Wrote lately to the lord Chancellor touching the lord of Urmonde (in such a weighty matter desiring first to have advice) whom he judges to be a true subject, but who will have no man but himself to rule where he is and takes all the profits to himself. He claims in Tipperary, "which shire he now extends very large," liberties which are not meet for any subject, although these liberties were resumed by Act of Parliament and he can only show two exemplifications of an Act which is not found among the King's records here. In the same grant is a grant of the prize wines through all Ireland, reserving to the King 20s. for every tun: which 20s. neither he nor his father have paid for so long that the arrears would be a great burden to him. If the grant be tried good, the King would do a good deed to remit these arrears. Is driven to speak in this because Urmond has all the learned men here in fee, as well those of the King's Council as others; and personally the writer would rather hold his peace than be a barker against so noble a man, whom he has always loved. Urmond offered to exchange his lands that lay propice for the reformation of Laynster, and at Michaelmas term was content to exchange some, but not the most propice, for lands in Ireland including Kylkey lordship, which is the properest house and goodliest lordship that the King has here. Cannot now perceive that he will depart with the lands in Laynster, but makes delays, saying that he cannot remove his tenants without long warning, as if he would defer the reformation of that corner, which he once offered to do himself and still harps thereon. Not to make this letter too long and be thought an inventor of matters, desires that the clerk of the Council, here, or some other meet person, may be sent for and examined.|
|Considering the huge charge that the King is at with his wars in France and Scotland, and also in this realm, where all the revenues together with great sums out of England are yearly expended, it might be well for the King to establish as his deputy here one of the nobility "of this land birth," who, with his own inheritance and the profits of his office and l,000l. a year, might keep the land in stay and let the King draw 2,000l. or 3,000l. yearly from its revenues. Urmond should be the first and would serve well. The King taking order that no deputy should remain in office past two or three years, the deputy could not do hurt without bringing those who hoped to succeed him "in his top." In this way the writer and the rest of the retinue here might be employed elsewhere.|
|In the beginning of this summer shall be sent into the north of this realm a certain captain of the wild Scots, to join whom the French king will send young Garralde. Has therefore mustered all these quarters and given charge to furnish weapons, whereof (especially of bows) is here small store. If two or three ships visited the north of this realm this summer they would do good. Encloses copy of his letter to the King. Dublin, 14 April. Signed.|
|Pp. 3. Add. Endd: 1545.|
|14 April.||521. Pedro de Ganboa to Henry VIII.|
Pt. I., 183.
|Believes his Majesty is informed by advice of the General of Calais that on Saturday last he went to Boulogne on his Majesty's service. Thereupon two of the captains at Calais, Captains de Mora and Arze, taking advantage of his absence, repaired to Lord Grey, the General of Guisnes, and obtaining from him by false representations a licence to go into France, together with guides and passports, on Sunday last mustered their companies to the number of 100 men and deserted into France, the soldiers obeying them under the impression that they were about to make a raid. This evil counsel has put him and the rest of those in his Majesty's service into great confusion, and they will undergo any risk and peril to remedy the evil thus committed. It appears that another Spanish captain, John de Haro, had concerted with the others to pass into France, but a Captain Montoya, a true servant of his Majesty, gave notice of his intended treason; and, on his attempting to put his purpose into effect, two English captains endeavoured to bring him back into Calais, and on his refusal killed him and 20 or 25 of his men, the rest of his company being either taken prisoners or taking refuge with the other two companies. All this took place during his absence. Has pacified the disturbance, and all the Spaniards offer to serve his Majesty at his pleasure. Kefers his Majesty for further particulars to Ceser de Encinas for whom he prays credence.—From Calais, 14 April 1545.|
|Spanish, 2 pp.|
|14 April.||522. "Monswyr De Mollyns" to Sir George Douglas.|
|R.O.||I delivered all your writings, and the answer you shall receive from Captain Lorge Mongumrye, who, I trust, is with you long ere now. The gentleman you wrote for (fn. n2) is not minded to leave England, howbeit I have written to Anthony to labour that matter still. I pray God that he do no hurt, for Anthony writes that he is "a wery wyis man and a kawld." The spies in England have written to Anthonye that my lord of Casteles labours peace and is gone home for that purpose and come again. I trust, Sir, my lord your brother and you will not so leave France, considering how they intend to help you with men, money and victuals. "Also, Sir, it is will kend heyr quhat pwnt Ingland is at in all swrtis, and quhow neyr a dyvisione thaiy ar amangis them selyfis. Also, Sir, I suppos ze will not disceve this greyt wictore and fame quhilk my lord zowr brider and ze hes gottyne apone Ingland, consederingyt Frans intendis sa sone to gyf zow help. Also, Sir, the Kyng hes promisit to gyf my lord zowr brider the Order and a zeyrlye pensione wt it; and ze sail haif a pensione to, and certane men allowyt to zow bayt payit by Franz." This you shall know at more length by your own writings and by Captain Lorge; and I wot you know that whatsoever fair words they give, the English will never trust you, for "ze ar the twa men in the warld. thay wald fanest be avengit on, and wilbe and ze gyf them credans." The King looks daily for news of that country, from my lord ambassador (fn. n3) that lies with the Emperor, and answer of the writings sent you out of Seland on the 2nd April. Saint Germane, 14 Apryll. Subscribed: "be zowr frynd and cusing scratone, Monswyr de Mollyns."|
|Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd: Scottishe l'res out of France intercepted in Zeland by Dromonde.|
|12 to 15
|523. The Mint.|
|Reorganisation. See Grants in April 1545, 36 Hen. VIII., Nos. 11–26, 34, 36–44.|
|15 April.||524. Sir Richard Southwell to ———|
|R.O.||* * *|
|"Lincoln shall h . . . . . . . . . . . the same for more [ye]res, or [e]ll]es the preferment of the sale, at his electyon, thes therfor arre to requere yow and soo in his mates [n]ame to command and chardge yow that yow [su]ffre noo man to have the particulers of the same untyll such tyme as the kinges sayd mate shall resolve his further and more certen pleasure toward the same." London, 15 April, 36 Hen. VIII.|
|P.S.—"I h[eartily pray yow t]o send unto me ye survaye [of] Hernes landes [a]tteynted.} (fn. n4) The cac[e s]oo requereth that I muste [see] them. Far[e] well."|
|Hol., much, mutilated, p. 1.|
|15 April.||525. Shrewsbury and Tunstall to Henry VIII.|
|R.O.||Send letters arrived here from Lenoux and Wharton, with other letters and writings from Lady Tulybarn to Lenoux and her husband, as "by a memoriall thereof made it shall more plainly appear," and also intelligence gotten by Lenoux out of Scotland and a letter from the Warden of the Middle Marches. As Shrewsbury upon his last going to Alnewycke "after the late overthrow," committed the larde of Tulibarne to the earl of Westmoreland's custody, the letters addressed to him are sent up to be ordered at the King's pleasure. Wharton's letters show that Tulibarne's servant is stayed at Carlisle until the King's pleasure is known whether he shall repair to his master. Darneton, 16 April 1545. Signed.|
|P. 1. Add. Endd.|
|15 April.||526. Lord Cobham and the Council of Calais to Gardiner and Others.|
288, f. 51.
|The King, about 4 years past, sent hither a staple of 500l. in victuals to be continued here for the surety of the town. At Hallowmas last, at the departing of Mr. Rous, late comptroller here, who during his office had charge of the said staple, we took account of the said staple and found it decayed about 50l., and mostly converted into money by reason of the great utterance of victuals at the return of the King's army. Thereupon we delivered 450l. to Mr. George Rous, man at arms, and Robt. Bounde, soldier, and sent them to your Lordship and the rest with letters requiring your order to the purveyors that the said money might be employed in butter, cheese, wheat and malt. Furnished with your letters, the said Rous then repaired into Suffolk and provided 100 weigh of cheese and 50 barrels of butter, while Bound repaired into Norfolk and. through Waters and Woodhous, shipped at Lynne 250 qr. of wheat and at Yarmouth 150 qr., which by long lying on the sea, arrived here either useless or only fit for brewing. The butter and cheese provided by Rous was taken from him, after his attending there more than three months. Beg assistance in their attempts to recover this loss, and an order that the cheese and butter, which was of the bust, may be restored. We have instanced the Master of the Jewel House (fn. n5) to remind you of this, "who, we trust, will not forget that he hath served here." Calles, 15 April 1545.|
|Copy, pp. 3. Headed: Copie of a l're sent from my lord Debite of Cales and others of the Council there unto my lord of Wynchestre, Sir John Gage and Mr. Ryther.|
|15 April.||527. Guilliame Vander Guchte to John Johnson.|
|R.O.||Laus Deo, a dye 15 in Aupril 1545, in Andwoorpd:—Begs him to send word, as soon as the fleet arrives at Calais, what wool it brings and the price.|
|Dutch. Hol., p. 1. Add.: tot Cales.|
|15 April.||528. Richard Hilles to Henry Bullinger.|
Letters, I, 246
|Thanks him for presents. The writer's countryman, John Burcher, has written that he wishes to obtain the freedom of Bullinger's canton, for which he should produce a testimonial that he was born in lawful wedlock and has not fled his country for any crime against the state but rather for having embraced the pure Christian doctrine. It would be too great an expense to send to England, but he has requested Hilles to obtain testimonials from two Englishmen of credit and known piety. One is William Swerder, a gentleman whose zeal for learning is joined with piety and sobriety of life: the other, already known to you by my commendation and his own letters is Miles Coverdale, dear to all ministers of the Word. He is the master of a grammar school at Bergzabern, not far from Weissemburg, where he does much good, translating various religious works, some of them Bullinger's, into English. Like Moses he has preferred banishment and affliction with the people of God to the pleasures of sin in their native Egypt. As another Englishman also has borne testimony that the said William and Miles can bring evidence that it was for true religion's sake that Burcher gave up his excellent prospects in England and has been seeking to maintain himself in Switzerland by manual labor, I called on Swerder who, is now on business at Strasburgh, and got him to sign the testimonial. Has not ventured, however, to try to get one of Coverdale's, as the journey through the territory of the Margrave of Baden is unsafe, and hopes Bullinger will get the mayor and senate of his city to accept the one enclosed as sufficient.|
|Confesses that Burcher was unknown to him before his departure from England, for he was born 7 or 8 German miles from his own native place; but, when himself in England, heard that he had left the country only for maintaining orthodox opinions touching the Eucharist. Can further bear this testimony with respect to him:—has seen a long letter of his to the lord Cromwell, who then possessed the greatest authority in England, declaring the whole cause of his banishment and of his unjust treatment by the bishops, by whom he was nearly condemned to death, and requesting that he might be allowed to return to England without denying the truth.|
|Commendations from his wife to Bullinger's, and thanks for his prayer in behalf of his little son Barnabas, and for the Swiss shoes given "to my Gershom'' (Gersomo weo). Salutations to Theodore Bibliander, Pellican, Gaspar Megander, Erasmus Schmidt and especially your friend Gualter.|
|Strasburgh, 15 April, 1545.|
|16 April.||529. Bishopric of Llandaff.|
|See Grants in April 1545, 36 Hen. VIII., No. 45.|
|16 April.||530. Suffolk to Lord Cobham.|
283, f. 271.
|Bearer, James Thatcher, archer of horseback within the King's town of Callayce, in last wars against Bulloyn, at my being there, very painfully served, and had his horse killed, besides other loss "in horseflesh," and in my company has served the King four times in France "as well when I went to Mountedieu and other places when I was ambassador at Orleaunce with the French king." (fn. n6) As he is no longer able to furnish himself with a horse, I beg that, in lieu of his room of an archer on horseback, he may be preferred to the room "of one of the eight of foot in the retinue there" that shall next fall void. I moved this at my being at Calais with you, but think that you have forgotten. The Court at his Grace's palace of Westminster, 16 April 1544. (fn. n7) Signed.|
|P. 1. Add.: deputy of Callayce.|
|16 April.||531. Sir Ralph Sadler to Shrewsbury.|
A., p. 421.
Lodge, I. 137.
|This day, being "towards horseback" at Alnewyke, received Shrewsbury's letters, with copies of those of the King and Council. If it appear by the books of the musters that 30,000 men cannot be levied within his commission, he should advertise the King, so that the lack may be supplied in time; but Sadler trusts that they may be so levied, and thinks that he should write to all the noblemen and gentlemen to be ready with numbers appointed by 12 May, and cause it to be proclaimed in the shires, that all men put themselves ready. How such an army can be victualled in the North God knows, but, like as Shrewsbury has written to Mr. Stanhope, he should also write to the town of Newcastle to know what provision they could make. Berwyk and the wardens here have no store to speak of and trust to the King's provision coming soon. Shrewsbury should advertise the King in time of this difficulty. When Sadler has done the business for which he came to the Borders he will hasten to Shrewsbury, who, however, with the advice of my lords of Yorke and Duresme, can well consider the premises without him. At arriving here, received the enclosed letter from Brunstone, which Shrewsbury should command Gregory to decipher. Berwyke, 16 April.|
|Hol., pp. 3. Add.: lieutenant general in these North parts.|
|16 April.||532. Corporation of Antwerp to the Authorities at Calais.|
288, f. 49.
|The relatives of the late Sir John de Haro are informed that he has been killed in battle with the King of England's enemies, and that in Calais he has left a concubine named Leonora van Wachtendonck, who has in her keeping money, jewels, and other goods of his, including the instrument of his will. Beg them to make an inventory and take charge of the goods, and to send hither a copy of the will and of the inventory. Antwerp, 16 April 1545 post Pasche (sic). Subscribed: Burgomagistri, scabini et consules civitatis Antuerpie, ad vos paratissimi.|
|Lat., p. 1. Add: Magnificis et circumspectis dominis D. Judici Primario aliisque consulibus Serenissime Matis Regis Anglie civitatis sue Calesii.|
|17 April.||533. Malt for Calais.|
5,753, f. 13.
|Indenture of receipt, at London, 25 March 1545, by John Flinte, master under God of a crayer called the Mary Grace, from James Sutton, clerk of the Green Cloth, by Thomas Penkethe, Sutton's deputy, of 220 qr. malt to be conveyed, by God's help, to Calyce with speed and delivered to Lord Cobham, lord deputy of Calice, and of 4l. 12s. for the half freight, the other half to be paid by Cobham. Signed and sealed by Thomas Penkethe.|
|ii. Endorsed with note of receipt by Thos. Bois, Thos. Copland and Hugh Gilles of 205½ qr. at Calais, 1 April 1544 (sic); and with John Flynte's acknowledgment that 13½ qr. are lacking, and that he has received the half freight.|
|Ib. 14.||2. Similar indenture made 27 March 1545, with Wm. Spender, master of the crayer Elyn of Calice, for 160 qr. malt. Signed and sealed by Penkethe.|
|ii. Endorsed with similar note of receipt, 3 April 1544 (sic), of the said malt with 10 qr. 2 bu. lacking, and of the half freight.|
|Ib. 15.||3. Similar indenture, made 29 March 1545, with Edm. Santforthe, master of the crayer Mary John of London, for 150 qr. malt. Signed and sealed by Penkethe.|
|ii. Endorsed with similar note of receipt, 3 April 36 Hen. VIII., of 140 qr. 5 bu., and of the half freight.|
|Ib. f. 16.||4. Similar indenture, 31 March 1545, with Robt. Duke, master of the crayer Nicholas of Lee, of 184 qr. malt. Signed and sealed by Penkethe.|
|ii. Endorsed with similar note of receipt, 17 April 1545 (altered from 1544) of 170 qr. and of the half freight.|
|17 April.||534. Sibthorpe Chantry.|
Rymer, xv. 71.
|Surrender by Thomas Magnus, keeper or warden of the wardenry of the college or chantry of St. Mary of Sybthrope, Notts, of his said college and all its possessions in Sybthrope, Hawkesworth, Flynthame, Bekkyngham, Kneton Syerston, Elstone, Stanton and Shelton, Notts and Linc., and elsewhere. Dated 17 April 36 Hen. VIII. signed and scaled.|
|Endorsed with note that this was sealed and delivered in presence of Wm. Babthorp, Wm, Tankarde, John Herbert and others (not named) the same day.|
|Parchment. See Eighth Report of Dep. Keeper of Public Records, App. II., 40. Enrolled, Cl. Roll, 37 Hen. VIII., p. 4, no. 14 without mem. of acknowledgment.|
|17 April.||535. Shrewsbury and Tunstall to Henry VIII.|
St. P . v. 435.
|Have received his letters of the 13th inst. for the describing of a main army to be ready by 12 May to withstand the Frenchmen and Scots; and Shrewsbury is about to write into all the shires within his commission to put ready such numbers as may be had of able men with horse and harness. Would know whether the aid of 4,000 Almains, 1,500 Spaniards, 500 hacquebutiers on horseback and 500 lances is to be reputed part of the 30,000; for, albeit the musters taken by Shrewsbury last year, in the King's absence, showed almost double the number of this intended army, little above 25,000 were returned as furnished with harness and weapons. Shrewsbury has written to Mr. Stanhop, not only for the provision of Berwick for which the King sent him money, but also for a further provision for this main army, and his letter (herewith) shows what little hope there is of good furniture from thence. Will confer with the Abp. to learn what may be had in Yorkshire, north of which there is nothing, and Shrewsbury cannot find enough for his own household. The mayor and brethren of Newcastle answer that if the grain which they have bought and sent ships for, be not stayed in Suffolk or Norfolk, they will shortly have some grain wherewith to help the town and country round. Shrewsbury has delivered books of the ordnance, &c., to John Bennett, servant to Hugh Boyveld, who has charge of the King's ordnance at Newcastle, and sent him to view that at Nottingham and then repair to the Council with his certificate. The five last of powder which the King "wrote to be sent hither" is not arrived. The chief want is of gunners. As divers ships of war, adventurers, of these North parts, are abroad and others of Newcastle about to put to sea, ask whether (because they are few in number and their overthrow would embolden the enemies) to call them home for a season. Their companion, Sir Ralph Sadleyr, with the Warden of the Middle Marches, is now surveying the state of Berwick and Warke Castles, which will be certified at his return. Darneton, 17 April 1545.|
|P.S.—Send herewith letters arrived from Lenoux and the Warden of the West Marches. Signed.|
|Pp.3. Add. Endd.|
|17 April.||536. Shrewsbury and Tunstall to the Council.|
|R. O.||Have presently despatched bearer, John Bennett, servant to the master of the King's ordnance at Newcastell, to declare what ordnance, powder and munition remains within the limits of Shrewsbury's commission, at Nottingham and elsewhere, and what gunners are here meet for war, having delivered to him the books of Barwyche, Newcastell and Carlisle, at the making of which he was present. Darneton, 17 April 1545. Siqned.|
|P. 1. Add. Endd.|
|R. O.||2. "Ordynaunce and a[rtillery] remaynyng w'in the cas[tle] of Carlyll," viz.:—Bows 600, arrows 1,200 sheaf, moorice pykes 100, bills 60, sakera of brass 4, fawcons of brass 8, fawkonettes of brass 2, bases single of iron 18, bases double of iron 9, fowlers of iron 3, little sarpentynes of iron 4, one pott gonne of brass, one " hagbusshe of irone upon trindelles," great bumbardes of iron 2, barrels of powder 6, " shout of irone for sakers" 150.|
|"Ordinaunces wanne at the overthrowe of the Scottes at Salome Mosse":—Fawkonettes of brass mounted upon carriages 4, basses single mounted upon carriages 10, "hagbusshes mounted upon a cart" 3.|
|"Ordinaunces and artillerie remaynyng w'in the cytie of Carleisle":— Bows, 450; arrows, 600 sheaf; 4 fawlcons (3 with chambers), 7 fowlers, 4 small porte peces and 9 basses, "all these have their chambers"; barrels of powder, 2.|
|(In another hand.) "The castle of Noting[ham]":—Bows, 500; arrows, 3,000; bills, 180; saykers, 2; fawcons, 13; fawconnetz, 5; Portingal basses, 8; saker shott of yron, 60; fawcon shot of lead, 300; fawconnet shot of lead, 400; basse shot of lead, 500.|
|"The castle of Pontfret":—A fawconnet of brass with 400 leaden shot; quarter slingz, 5; Portingall basses, 4, with 160 leaden shot for them ; serpentyn powder, 1 whole barrel; archer staves, 300.|
|17 April.||537. Shrewsbury to the Keepers of Pounfrett and Nottingham Castles.|
|R. O.||Being commanded to certify what ordnance, munition, artillery, powders and gunners are within the limits of my commission, I charge you to permit bearer (fn. n8) to view what is in the castles of Pounfrett and Nottingham, and to deliver him a bill thereof signed by you. Darneton, 17 April 1545. Signed.|
|P. 1. Subscribed: To the keepers of the King's Majesty's castles of Pounfrett and Nottingham, and in their absence to their deputies there. Endd.|
|17 April.||538.[Shrewsbury] to the Commissioners of Musters of Cheshire.|
N., p. 27.
|Whereas the King's ancient enemies, both Scots and Frenchmen, of their insatiable and deadly malice, intend to annoy this realm both by land and sea, and as the certificates of musters lately taken before you do not set forth to whom the men therein certified belong, the King commands you, within your hundreds and divisions, to put ready the said men to the number of 3,000, as many as possible to be horsemen, so horsed as to be able to serve when they reach the Borders, and the rest footmen, archers and billmen (arms described), to be ready before 12 May next. You are not to meddle with servants or tenants of the earl of Derby, who is appointed to serve in person. Dernton, 17 April.|
|ii. Names of those appointed to lead the men, viz.:—Sir Thomas Venables, Sir Randull Manwaryng, Sir Laur. Smyth, Sir Edw. Warren, Sir John Massy, Hir Hugh Clolmondeley, Sir Urian Brereton, Sir Roger Brereton, Sir Ric. Egerton, Sir Wm. Brereton, Sir John Donne, Sir Hugh Calveley, Sir Hen. Delves, Sir John Holford, Sir Wm. Stanley, Sir —— (blank) Davenport of Bramull, Sir Ralph Leycester, Sir Philip Egerton, Sir Edw. Savage, Sir Thos. Fulseis, John Warburton, [George Bothe], (fn. n9) Thos. Grosvenour, Randull Brereton of Malpas, Thos. Aston, John Leycettur, Ric. Legh of Baguley, Robert Venion, Robt. Dokenfeld, Hugh Starkye, Wm. Worwood, John Carryngton,— Pole of Wurrell, John Damport of Damport, Laur. Chauntrell, Ric. Prestland, Robt. Legh of Highlee, Robt. Tatton, Robt. Corbet, Wm. Moreton|
|On the back; (apparently not a continuation of the above list): Thos. Sutton, Robt. Swyf, Thurston Wodcok, Sir John, John Hopwod, Edw. Hatfeld, Alex. Hatfeld, Jas. Turner, Sir Alan Chorleton, Jas. Clerke, auditor, Ric. Cootis, Wm. Wodcok.|
|Pp. 3. Endd.: To, &c, Sir Pers Dutton, Sir Thos. Venables, Sir John Donne, Sir Edw. Fytton, Sir Laur. Smyth, Sir Henry Delves and all other the King's Commissioners, &c.|
|17 April.||539. Charles V. to Figuerroa. (fn. n10)|
viii., No. 44.
|The French ambassador here says that his master learns that the King of England has sent the Duke of Savoy 150,000 cr. to begin war against France in Piedmont, and that Guasto and Doria seem to be plotting with the Duke for a descent upon Marseilles by sea. Describes how he has assured the French ambassador that this report must be untrue; and that he would himself punish the Duke if he should stir in such a business. Care must be taken to avoid giving the French any cause for mistrust. Malines, 17 April, 1545.|
|*** A modern transcript is in B.M., Add. MS. 28,594, f. 112. Sp., pp. 5.|
|18 April.||540. Shrewsbury and Tunstall to Henry VIII.|
|R. O.||Yesternight received from Mr. Sadlyer, now at Barwycke viewing the castle there, a letter in cypher, addressed to the King from the larde of Brounston; which they have deciphered and send, together with the decipher. As many gentlemen of the shires within Shrewsbury's commission are now at London, at the term, when their presence is necessary for setting forth and leading the army, it may please the King to order their return home. Darneton, 18 April 1545. Signed.|
|P. 1. Add. Endd.|
|18 April.||541. Shrewsbury to George Lynacre.|
|r. o||Forasmuch as the King "is credibly advertised that his ancient enemies, the Scots and Frenchmen, of their insatiable and deadly malice against this realm" intend an invasion of these North parts, Shrewsbury is commanded to levy an army royal within his commission. Knowing Lynacre to be a man of courage who will gladly serve for the defence of his native country, charges him to put himself and ten picked men ready, the "fourth part of them" to be good archers furnished with bow of yew and 24 arrows in a sheaf, and with dagger and sword or "malle of leade or iron," and the rest each with a good bill and dagger, foreseeing that as many as possible have horses that may be able to serve when they come to the Borders. They shall be ready to march on 12 May next or sooner upon one hour's warning, and bring their own victuals and carriage. Darneton, 18 April 1545. Signed.|
|P. 1. Add. Endd.: Therll of Shrewsburys l'res, when he was lieut., for the making of men.|
|18 April.||542. Wotton to Paget.|
St. P., x. 395.
|Received his letter from Alost the same day that he departed, and because of the "matter of the truces," thought best to avoid speaking with the President or the Emperor's Council; and so, when the Emperor departed from Vure on Saturday 11th inst. and came hither, Wotton tarried awhile at Bruxelles. The Court is full, and the bourse at Andwerpe likewise, of news of truces betwixt us and France, and letters from the French Court confirm it. Has sent to Adrian of the Chamber and afterwards to the President, for the Scottish ambassador's despatch, who nevertheless remains here still. Secretary de Laubespine is gone home again. Mons. D'Orleans and Morette are looked for daily. Cannot learn the cause of L'Aubespine's coming, other than was said at Paget's being here. The archduke Maximilian is here fallen sick of an ague; which some think the cause of the Emperor's tarrying here so long, who will hence to Andwerpe on Monday or Tuesday next. Encloses a letter from poor Musica, with two letters, which he sent Wotton, showing in what case the duke of Lorayn is and how he himself is. The succouring of him now in his extreme need will make him more diligent when he recovers. Opened the letters from Buckold at the bringer's request; but made no direct answer, as he says that he is already retained by the King and has received money. Here is speaking of Spanish ships newly robbed by our men, and arrest of our merchants' goods in Spain. Reminds Paget of the request of the Grand Esquire, Mons. de Boussu, that, if any of his marbles prepared for the building of his house were taken in any ship, they might be kept for him. As De Boussu is none of those that favour the King's enemies, Paget might move the King in it. Also reminds him for answer to be made to the Comte de Challant, or to the duke of Savoy his master.|
|Your letters were right comfortable to all your acquaintance here, and we trust that you have found my lady your bedfellow "in other taking than you looked for." I have bestowed part of your cramprings in your hostess's house and given Mr. Governor part of them to present to my lady of Barow and other gentlewomen, and of the rest I will be no niggard.|
|Encloses Buccoldes letters, with a remembrance of money taken from him at his passage over sea. Here is a strange report that a certain hermit confessed to have by sorcery procured the death of the duke of Lorraine's father and mother and the Duke's own disease, and, being in prison, promised to heal the Duke if he might have his pardon; but the Duke would believe nothing of it, and now the hermit is dead in prison, so that there seems no help for the Duke. Mechlyn, 18 April 1545. Signed.|
|Pp.3. Add. Endd.|
|19 April.||543. The Navy.|
|R. O.||"Anno r.r. Hen. viij. xxxvjto, the xixth day of Aprll:—Hereafter followeth, as well the names of divers his Highness' ships, as also the names of divers merchant ships and strangers which be appointed for the conduction of 10,000 men to serve his Majesty upon the seas in his Grace's wars."|
|[Giving tonnage and number of men carried by each ship.]|
|His Grace's own ships in the Narrow Seas, Tea[mes] and Collne Watur:—The Henry Grace a Dewe 1,000 tons, 800 men, Peter 600 t. 450 m., Great Gallion 500 t. 350 m., Pawncye 400 t. 350 m., Mairy of Hambrowghe 350 t. 250 m., Swepestake 300 t. 240 m., Sallamandra 280 t. 240 m., Mynyone 260 t. 220 m., Prymerose 240 t. 180 m., Swallowe 240 t. 180 m., Trenyte Henrye 240 t. 160 m., Dragone 140 t. 110 m., Jesws of Lewbycke 600 t. 400 m., New barke 160 t. 140 m., Jennyt 160 t. 140 m., Unycorne 160 t. 160 m., Gallye Subtill—(blank) t. 300 m., Lyone 140 t. 120 m., Great Shallope made at Dover 100 t. 80 m., Great Spanyshe pynes (pinnace) 60 t. 60 m., Mydell Shallope made at Depford 70 t. 60 m., Lesse Spanyshe Pynes 60 t. 50 m., Small Shallop made at Dover 20 t. 30 m., Great Gallyon new made at Smallhed 300 t. 250 men., Second Gallion made at Reding 200 t. 150 m., New Gallyot made at Depford 140 1.120 m., Matthew Gonson 500 t. 350 m., Struse of Dawnske 400 t. 280 m., Artigo 120 t. 100 m.|
|Prizes in the Narrow Seas:— Marye Thomas 100 t. 70 m., Marye of Odyerne 70 t. 50 m., Marye Jamys 120 t. 100 m., Marlyne 70 t. 60 m., Trenyte of Penmarke 80 t. 70 m.|
|My lord Admiral his ships in the Teams:—Anne Lysle 200 t. 170 m., Fawcone Lysle 200 t. 160 m.|
|Sir Thomas Semer and Anthony Auger's ship new made in Kent, 240 t. 200 m.|
|Merchant ships in the Narrow Seas and in the Teamys:—George Bonaventur 180 t. 140 m., Christopher Bennet 180 t. 140 m., John Erangellyst 160 t. 140 m., Marye Martyne, 120 t. 100 m., Thomas Maudlelyn 140 t. 120 m., Marye Fortune 120 t. 100 in., John Kvantgellyst of Norton's 140 t. 120 m., Georye Brigges 140 t. 120 m.|
|At Portismouth and Hamptone Wature:—Maryen de Paulo Vennisshon 700 t. 500 m., Thomas Typkyne 180 t. 140 m., Trenyte Renygare 160 t. 130 m., Jamys Runyyare 100 t. 80 m., (Gallyone Runyyare 100 t., 80 m.|
|Wafters upon the victuals along the coast:—Jamys of Ypswiche 180 t. 140 m., Osye of Ypswyche 140 t. 120 m., Elizabethe of Harwiche 120 t. 90 m., Anne of Leystoyff 110 t. 90 m.|
|Strangers' ships in Teamys:—Sampsone 500 t. 350 m., Fraunces Barnando 700 t. 500 m., Fraunces Martyne500 t. 350 m.|
|Total: 57 ships, 13,490 t., 10,750 m.|
|"So there is shipping [to] spare in these ships aforesaid, if need be, for 750 men over and above the army of 10,000" ; of which 10,000 at least 5,000 must be mariners and gunners, which mariners will be difficult to find and warning must be given to fetch them, and one month, at least, is requisite to bring them together.|
|Large paper, pp. 2.|
|19 April.||544. Chapuys and Van der Delft to Mary of Hungary.|
viii., No. 45.
|On the 15th received hers of the 10th with enclosures. Paget's own good report of his negociations much pleased the King and Council, who, on the day of his arrival, the 10th, told the mayor, sheriffs and burgesses of London that relations with the Emperor were never better and they might trade freely. The writers, however, were not altogether satisfied, as Paget's mission and return was never mentioned to them and they wished to know whether the Scottish ambassador's stay at Brussels gave offence, and who were to be sent to the joint arbitration, and also to ask the release of certain ships. So they sought audience of the Council, which was postponed until this morning; when, both before and after dinner, they discussed claims such as the Burgos merchants and the jewels. Obtained release of the ship of Thomas Barbain laden with woad from Bordeaux, but not that of Albroz Pardo. The Council said that they had just released 8 or 10 ships laden with Bordeaux wine for Flanders, although part of the cargo was suspected to be French. Six days before, the Council had notified the capture of these, and that the captain of the Isle of Wight, mistaking them for enemies, fired upon them but did no material damage. The King has chosen for his representatives at the joint arbitration Dr. Petre, Dr. Trigoult and, of the short robe, Mr. Vaughan, formerly ambassador to her, and Mr. Chamberlain ; who will arrive there on the 4th or 5th May. The Council has been diligent in this, sending information privately to trades and merchants. They did not mention the Scottish ambassador, although they said that the French would shortly send troops to Scotland and money for an invasion of England, in which case the Emperor was bound to help the King with men and money, and they begged that he might be reminded to make provision therefor.|
|As to wrongs of the Emperor's subjects here; may mention that, although the treaty of intercourse provides that subjects may frequent either country, the English have during the last few years expelled innumerable Flemings, forbidding them to live here unless they take out letters of "neutrality" (which are both costly and outrageous, as they contain an oath of allegiance as if to a natural sovereign) and pay double taxes. For the past 12 or 13 years they have had to pay cavage to this city, a new and injurious tax. For some time past they are prohibited from exporting wheat, cheese and most kinds of undressed cloth; so that nothing is left for them to export but tin, lead and certain cloth, and recently the King had a design to monopolise the export of lead. These prohibitions would be bearable were they necessary; but every day they give exemptions "which cost a great deal of money." (fn. n11)|
|Nothing more has been said of the complaint of Hertford and Winchester mentioned in her letters, and the writers suspect that Paget never wrote it. On receipt of Paget's penultimate letters the King ordered biscuit bakers and provision dealers not to hurry, and proposed to release certain Venetian and "Aragonese" vessels; but now the embargo on the ships is confirmed and men are warned for service, as if truce with France was not so probable. London, 19 April 1545.|
|19 April.||545. Wotton to Paget.|
St. P., x.
|Thought to have made no haste to speak with the President, but, receiving on the 18th a letter of the 2nd inst. from the Council, to obtain a passport for 5,000 hacquebutes, could not choose but go. The President, thinking him come for the matter of the Scottish ambassador, straightway began by saying that at Bruxelles the Emperor gave that ambassador his final answer; whereupon the French ambassador tried to prove that the Scots were comprised in their treaty and required that the Scottish ambassador might tarry here until the French king's answer might be had in the matter. Wotton answered that, as all that both Scots and Frenchmen could say had been heard, and the Emperor saw that it could not stand with the treaty with England, it was now time to satisfy that treaty, and not to suffer the King's enemies to tarry here as if they had intelligence with the Emperor; and he reminded Schore what answer both he and the Emperor gave Paget in that matter. Schore said that the Emperor expected that he would have departed (and it would be scant honest to drive him away), but would move the Emperor to despatch him hence. As to the "intercourse for the merchant men," Schore says he has not the original here, but when he comes to Brussels it shall be made up; and seems to make no difficulty about the delivery of it. Cannot yet learn who their commissioners for the Diet shall be, but one of their ambassadors in England shall be one; and their men cannot be at the Diet on the day appointed; and therefore Schore requires Paget's help to get it prolonged for eight days; for he must draw their instructions, and now at the Emperor's departure he has no leisure to do so. Schore says that the Queen and he will not follow the Emperor to Maestricht; and promises help to agree Poyntz's matter with his adversary. The Archduke Maximilian's fever continues and is now tertian. We look still for Orleans. Schore said that Englishmen had lately robbed ships of this country; and Secretary Bave, who was present, added that two Spanish ships, coming out of the Yndes with great sums of money, had been robbed and cruelly handled. Schore spoke moderately of that matter as done "before the last agreement made for the safe navigation." Schore never mentioned the truces, but asked whether Wotton had letters out of England since Paget's departure; and when Wotton answered No, said "he wondered much thereat. What he meant thereby I cannot tell." Machelyn, 19 April 1545. Signed.|
|Pp. 3. Add. Endd.|
|20 [April].||546. Wharton to Shrewsbury.|
A , p. 89.
|Bearer, my friend Edward Eglionby, being sheriff of Cumberland, and having other causes in the King's Exchequer this Easter term, repairs to know Shrewsbury's pleasure anempst his going up. He has served well in these marches, and Wharton accordingly begs favour for him. Carlisle, 20th of . . . . . . . . Signed.|
|P. 1. Slightly mutilated. Add.: the King's Majesty's lieutenant in the North.|
|20 April,||547. Cassillis to Henry VIII.|
St. P., v.
|The lords convened in this town on the 17th, but Cassillis was put off until the 20th, when the Earl Marshal and George Douglas obtained audience for him. Matters are, however, so handled by the Queen, Governor, Cardinal and other great men, who defer the King's purpose for their own profit, that those who favour the peace and marriage think his Majesty should at once invade this realm with a puissance sufficient to give surety to Angus, Douglas, the Earl Marshal and others who favour his purpose; otherwise it will be said that he is unable to keep promise, as indeed his enemies say here already. The best way to invade is by sea; and Sir Ralph Saidler or some other should at once be sent to the Borders to show Angus, Douglas, the Earl Marshal and other great men what the King intends, and to learn what help they will give. Will himself keep his promise to do as the King "thinkis cans." Lorge Montgumry is expected by the West Sea with 2,000 footmen; but the Earl Marshal, George Douglas and Cassillis have failed to get the Queen their Sovereign into the Earl Marshal's keeping. The kindness between the Earl Marshal and George Douglas and the Cardinal is past, since they perceive him contrary to the peace and marriage. The King must devise proclamations that he intends but the weal of their Sovereign Lady, for otherwise he will "tyin" (lose) all hearts. Believes that suit will be made for a conduct to commissioners to treat for peace, and the King's friends think that it should be granted without abstinence; but meanwhile let him hasten his armies and give Angus, Douglas, the Earl Marshal, Glencarn and other friends assurance of his good mind towards this realm and themselves. Begs the King to "continue" his entry upon 15 days warning. Edinbrug, 20 April.|
|This day the Queen, Argyil and others depart home. There are dissensions which are too long to write. One is to pass to the Emperor for peace, whom the King may stop. Desires his advertisements kept secret, as they might turn to his hurt here. (Not signed.)|
|All in cipher, pp. 3.|
|R. O.||2. Contemporary decipher of the above.|
|Pp. 8. Endd.: Therle of Casselz to the K's Mate, xxo Aprilis 1545.|
|20 April.||548. Carne to Paget.|
|R. O.||The Emperor, who has been here from Saturday in Easter week, now intends to remove to Andwarp. His tarrying is said to be because the archduke of Austria sickened here, and is yet sick, of the measles. "Some say that he tarried for the duke of Orleance's coming hither, who hath been looked for all this sevennight past, his lodging hath been appointed here since the first arrival here of the Emperor, but yet he is not come. Lobespyn, the French king's secretary (who came here in your time) departed herhens in post the xiith of this very timely. I think the Duke removed not from home hitherward till his arrival thither. The Scottish ambassador is here yet and followeth the Court. The same self day that you departed from Bruxelles the said ambassador spake with th'Emperor or he removed to Vuren, but it was not a pater noster while, for th'Emperor went his ways straight upon and took his horse." No princes are yet come to Wormes save the King of Romayns. It is here said that a great fleet of 65 ships coming from Bordeaux to Normandy with victuals for the Frenchmen has been taken and brought into England. Is glad to hear that Paget's bedfellow is well recovered. Maghlyn, 20 April.|
|In his own hand.—Begs commendations to Mr. Secretary Peter. Signed.|
|P. 1. Add. Endd.: 1545.|
|20 April.||549. Carne to Paget.|
|r. o||Has already to-day sent him a letter of occurrents, which he will perceive more fully from Mr. Wotton. "The Emperor is removed this day to Andwarp, and there intendeth to tarry for the duke of Orleance (who, as men say, is in his journey this side Valentiens hitherward)"; upon whose arrival he will tarry two or three days and then remove towards Germany, and the lady Regent to Bruxells "to prepare her journey to Fryselande." Cannot hear of the Scottish ambassador's departure hence as yet. "My bedfellow hath her humbly commended to your mastership, who was very glad when she heard by Francysco of my lady your bedfellow's recovery. She humbly thank you of your gentle commendations sent in your letters to Mr. Wotton." Machlen, 20 April. Signed.|
|P. 1. Add. Endd.: 1545.|
|20 April.||550. Thomas Chamberlain to Paget.|
|R. O.||Today I received yours of 17 April, with a letter from the King's Council to the bastard Peter of Gueldres, with which I despatch an express messenger. Where you write that the King appoints me one of his commissaries at the Diet, I heartily thank you; and where you marvel not to have heard, since your departing, of the proceedings at Barghes, the cause is that, at my return to Bruxelles, I found no merchants going homewards, nor yet Nicholas the post, "whom I thought Mr. Wutton should have had occasion to despatch." The release of our merchants was to the lady of Berghes very glad tidings, and immediately executed. For the l,000l. st. in such "'quynes' (coins) as ye left me by memory" Gasper Doutche answers now, as at the first motion, that he marvels that you did not write to him; and he has written to Barth. Campannio to know your pleasure therein. Told him, as at the first, that for your good opinion of him, having need of such "'quoynes" to make a payment for your own affairs, you willed me to desire his help, having at your departure no leisure to write; and I would give him surety in this town "for this time, being the first acquaintance, till I might enter into a better credit with him." He answered that upon Campannio's answer he would help me, or sooner if need were. "So, perceiving his answer and his being now occupied against th'Emperor's repair this afternoon about iiij. of the clock, I left him, saying that I would defer the payment for iij. or iiij. days"; which he desired me to do, and to give you his commendations, with greater offers than men of his country are wont to perform. I will not move him further until I have your answer, as I take it to require no great haste, and, if I had the thing, I could not send it "unless I should come therewith myself." Your 200 cr. I have changed to English groats, whereby you shall get about 50s, st. ; but I cannot send it till Mr, Wutton despatches a post, for the searcher of Graveling would take it for forfeit, "being here called unvalued money." I will send your mares at Mr. Legh's return homewards, or hereafter. " I do still pursue to unhorse one of these Spanish prelates from some fair mule for you, if by any means, for honest price, I may attain thereto." I cannot find a piece of russet caffa worth buying. The things you left to be sent shall be shipped today or tomorrow. Please remember my suit you left in Mr. Chancellor's hands, and also my acquittance of my last year's account with young Myldemaide. If my suit take effect it will be through your solicitude; and I refer me to your goodness to remind the King to make me one of the infinite number to whom his grace extends his bountifulness. Here are no news worth writing, but daily complaints that our men have "met with ships coming out of France belonging to Spaniards and men of Lisle, whereby our merchants do fear an afterclap, which I do persuade them, as I trust, to be needless." The mart is to be kept at Barghes. I will give your commendations at your lodging at Bruxelles, whence your hostess and all the rest send theirs. Andwarpe, 20 April 1545.|
|P.S.—Please "certify me how my lord Chancellor took my letters (fn. n12) that ye willed me to write to the King's Majesty"; and that, however my opinion therein is taken, I may, through your persuasion, have his Lordship's continued favor. "These other letters I received yesterday from Mr. Wutton, finding no messenger to send them by but this."|
|Hol., pp. 5. Add. Sealed. Endd.|
|20 April.||551. William Damesell to Paget.|
|R. O.||Encloses letters received this day from Frankeford, "by a Duche," from Chr. Mownte. As for the rest of the powder to be received, lately desired Paget's favor that, after his faithful service herein, he might not now sustain any such "soyle or spott " to his rebuke; and desires to know the King's answer. It will not be prejudicial to his Majesty to have store of it, the price being so reasonable that the Prince himself here cannot be served better cheap. Andwerpe, 20 April 1545.|
|Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.|
|20 April.||552. Edmond Harvel to Henry viii.|
St. P., x. 399.
|Wrote on the 13th. On the 19th received the Council's letters of 30 March with Henry's commission concerning Ludovico de Larme, the Count Barnardo de San Bonifacio and Philipo Pini,—"as for Angiolo Marian was not hereto appeared." Has received by exchange 4,138 Italian drowns, which shall be distributed as directed. It was "passing comfortable'' to Ludovico and the others to perceive Henry's liberality. Three days past Moluco, the French orator, signified to the Signory that he was commissioned to go ambassador to the Turk. It is reported that the Emperor sends a man (fn. n13) with Moluco,—to the great suspicion of the Signory, who have despatched in great diligence to the Turk to impedite their practices. By letters of 26 March, from Andrinople, the Turk's host was ready to march forward. The Bishop seems in great jealousy that the Emperor and French king will take away his temporality. Lately 4,000 Imperial soldiers left Lombardy for Tuscana. There is no mention of Trent "but that the priests there go a solace." Cardinal Pole is not departed from Rome; but two of his servants went disguised to Trent, one of them feigning himself to be the Cardinal. "I know not to what purpose such folly should be used." Things of Germany seem in great perturbation, the Protestants not trusting the Emperor and practising a league with the Swiches. It is no time to provoke the Christian states, but rather to unite them against the Turk. Venice, 20 April 1545.|
|Hol. pp.2. Add. Endd.|