Henry VIII: August 1522, 1-10

Pages 1020-1025

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 3, 1519-1523. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1867.

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August 1522

1 Aug.
Vit. B. V. 75* *. B. M.
2416. RICHARD SHURLEY, Warden of the English Hospital, to WOLSEY.
Begs his acceptance of a gift, though one unworthy of Wolsey's greatness. Hopes, so long as Wolsey wishes him to remain in the court of Rome, whatever service he requires, he will give the writer the first chance of performing it. Rome, 1 Aug. 1522.
Hol., Lat., p. 1. Add.
4 Aug.
Vit. B. V. 76. B. M.
2417. ENNIUS BISHOP OF VEROLI, Nuncio in Switzerland, to HENRY VIII.
Is consoled by the news of this league for his expulsion from Switzerland by French influence. Hopes to return in good time, now that Henry has taken part against France. On the departure of William [Knight], the English ambassador, gave his opinion touching the variableness of the Swiss, whom it is proposed to include in the league. Hopes Henry will remember his devotion when he was here with Pace. He may also have heard of the labors, perils, and imprisonment he has suffered, the more bitter becanse he felt himself sold to the French. Hopes for his reward now from Henry. Offers to undergo any danger, as last year, when he led out the Swiss army with Sion, the cardinal De Medicis secretly furnishing the money, by which Milan was gloriously regained. Requests that Henry will recommend him to the new Pope. Constance, 4 Aug. 1522.
Hol., Lat., mutilated, pp. 2. Add.
4 Aug.
Vit. B. XX. 261. B. M.
"Postquam d. Gulielmus [Knight], regius orator novissime ab Elvetiis discessit, quid [de hac p]actione sentirem, et quid tunc occurrebat, juxt[a] ... a dominis meis mihi traditam insinuavi, ut Regiæ M[ajestati] ac ill. D. illa meo nomine referret." Fears his letter has not been received, as he has had no reply. After the last diet of the Emperor in Zurich, went to Constance, since he could not live safely at Zurich, on account of the hatred of the French partisans, and the loss of the contribution due from Leo X. to the Zurich foot for the expedition against Piacenza. Hopes to obtain reward from the Pope, by Henry's intercession, as he is unknown to his Holiness. Has written his opinion on Swiss affairs to the King. Constance, 4 Aug. 1522.
Hol., Lat., mutilated, pp. 2.
4 Aug.
R. O.
Received today, about one o'clock, your letter dated Westminster, 3 Aug., enclosing a bill of the names of the captains and ships appointed to keep the sea. Yesterday the lord Admiral left for Calais, with a fair wind, and will probably be there tomorrow. Sends a book with the names of the ships and captains whom he has appointed to keep the sea. It cannot be altered, as there are no other ships here; and those appointed have two months' victual on board, which was left from that provided for the army, and their wages are paid for a month. The ships for the North have been despatched. Those for the West will go tomorrow, except the Gabrell of Topsham and the Trinitie George, which were to be equipped with the crews and victuals of the Mary Roose when she is laid up. Will send out those for the narrow seas immediately, except the Mary Roose and the Grete Barke, which cannot be ready for three days. I wish to know what I am to do, as Pointz has gone with the Admiral. If you wish to have the Mary Rose and the Peter Pondegarnet laid up to keep the sea, the Gabrell of Topsham and the Trinitie George must be discharged, or fresh victuals and money for wages provided for them. If the former ships are appointed, this will not be needed, and no more great ships will be wanted, except the Grete Barke, the Mary James, and the New Spanyard, unless you hear for certain that the French king is preparing an army, when any of the ships at Portsmouth might soon be got ready.
The Gabrell of Topsham and the Trinitie George would do better service in the West Sea, as well for the return of the fishermen from the New Found Land, as for the going of the French into Scotland, than the others in the narrow sea. As to my going to Calais, will not refuse to go wherever the King commands. If he does order it, I wish to know it as soon as possible, that I may send my folks thither, and provide what I need, and that you would write to the Admiral to keep the tent appointed for me. If I go, is Gonson to be Admiral according to the book the lord Admiral brought from the King? Mr. Hert is not here, and there are only 50 gunners, but I will tell Westowe to take up as many as he can, up to 100. My lord Admiral has taken the Maglory with him to convey Lord Fitzwater's folks to Calais, but she is at liberty when they are disembarked. In the Mary Rose, 4 Aug. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add.: To my lord Cardinal's grace. Endd.
4 Aug.
R. O.
2420. PACE to WOLSEY.
Was lately taken at Venice with the "disease of watching" (αγρυπνια). Has been advised by his physicians to change the air. Had intended to return, but his disease increased so much that he repaired to Padua for the advice of the physician who cured him of his other sickness at Venice. Padua, 4 Aug. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: To my lord Cardinal's grace. Endd.
R. O. 2421. WOLSEY to RUTHAL.
Sends the King very good news, of the Emperor's prosperous voyage and arrival in Spain, and of the late overthrow there of the French, and the setting forth of the Spanish navy to join with the English. The King will, no doubt, communicate the news to Ruthal more particularly. As the French will be entirely occupied in those parts, suggests whether it was good counsel "to have left the intended enterprise by land, as some men advised the King to have done; but they look high and not far." Begs him to cause the King to read all the said news, as it is important. "If this our enterprise by land be well handled, many great effects shall not fail to ensue thereof."
Draft, in Wolsey's own hand, p. 1. Inc.: "My lord of Durham."
5 Aug.
R. O.
Sends letters congratulatory devised to be sent from your grace to the Emperor for his prosperous arrival in Spain. Begs the King will sign and remit the same. Westminster, 5 Aug. Signed.
P. 1. Add.
5 Aug.
Vit. B. V. 77.
B. M.
* * * "[ad Chri]stianæ Reipublicæ pacem componendam; amici Elvetii (?) considerationem [de se] in ipso fœdere nominandis, omni laude dignissimam affirmarunt."
On the arr val of the heralds our party were in great expectation that they would bring money for private intrigues, after the manner of the French; for without such practices nothing can be done in their diets, as the rulers begin to be swayed by French corruption. The French party seeing that last year the Swiss army was employed against their will, by the Pope's authority, for the recovery of Milan, are endeavoring to deny the Pope's authority, who is all powerful in Switzerland. Those on our side fear lest the French be not counteracted by practices like their own. They think money should not be spared to keep the Swiss at home, as even the rumor of their stirring is enough to trouble Italy, and obliges the duke of Milan to keep up the continual expense of an army, which is more than all the charge of pensions. If the Swiss be neglected, the expedition is done for. * *
They say that the French king, a little before the battle of Marignano, bribed some of the Swiss captains, and made a league with eight cantons at Gallerate, by which means he obtained the victory. The eight cantons remained true to the league, and the other five, on account of that slaughter, refused it; when, to avoid civil war, he induced them to a universal peace, and brought them unopposed into this league, by which he hoped to subdue Italy. Nothing stood in his way but this division among the Swiss, by which he acknowledges he has been frustrated a third time; for when it was rumored in Picardy and Italy last year, that the Zurichers, who never made terms with them, were up in arms, the French party suddenly withdrew; and in this last French expedition against us, the Swiss, even in the French camp, having put forward their captains and standardbearers to the conflict in which they were slain, took counsel to return to their country. Unless this division among them be kept up by money, it is to be feared they will all join the French, and, when united, even Julius Cæsar could not conquer them at the bridge of Geneva. The duke of Milan has endeavored to encourage them by promises, but the French give them money continually. The three cantons of Schwitz, Uri, and Unterwald have not yet joined our party, as they intended, because * * *
Some think the division should be maintained by promises of money, in order to seduce the captains, with or without the consent of their lords, in case the French wish to make use of them. The consequence would be that the Swiss would withdraw their men, and prevent their fighting against each othe.: Of this course our party strongly approve; and since the College of Cardinals, to whom they have often written, cannot pay the wages due to the Zurichers, which has given rise to sedition in that canton, it seems above all things advisable to satisfy them, at least in part. Finally, the Church, in the Pope's absence, the duke of Milan, who has been so long waited for by his peop'e, and has been at length happily restored, and the card. De Medici, who is the bulwark of Italy against the French, place their whole hopes in England. [It would not be necessary to send] an army from a distance. The Swiss can make one in a day, and march to Milan in two days, as they have agreed to do for the French in the last diet at Berne on the 24th inst., in order by a feigned march to put the Duke to expense. Constance, 5 Aug. 1522.
In the bishop of Veroli's hand. Mutilated, pp. 4. Endd. in a modern hand: "Opiniones Epi. Verulani ap. nuntii apud Elvetios pro informatione rerum Elveticarum."
6 Aug.
P. S. b.
2424. MONASTERY OF SELBY, York dioc.
Petition of Thomas cardinal of York, for restitution of the temporalities of the said monastery, on the election, assented to by the King and confirmed by the Cardinal, of John Berwyke, monk, as abbot, vice Th. Rawlynson. Westminster, 6 Aug. 1522.
7 Aug.
R. O.
Indenture dated Templehirst, 12 March 13 Hen. VIII., certifying the lord Darcy has received from John Bednell, servant to Edw. Graye, of Chillingham, six deeds tailed to the heirs male of the Grayes, to "skand" the same with his counsel, according to a letter to Darcy from Edward Gray and Sir Roger Gray; which being done they are to be returned to Edw. Gray; also 19 pieces of evidence of Sir Roger Gray, from Sir Rauff Foulbery, priest; 14 being sealed, and 5 unsealed. Signed by Darcy.
Receipt by Thos. Graye, dated 7 Aug. 14 Hen. VIII., for the above documents from Darcy, according to a letter from his father, Sir Roger Gray. Signed.
P. 1, mutilated.
7 Aug.
R. O.
Has appointed as Papal nuncio in England Sylvester Darius, notary and subcollector there. Asks credence for him concerning peace with the Venetians and the new league with the Emperor and England. Rome, 7 Aug. 1523, pont. 1.
Lat., vellum. Add.
7 Aug.
R. O.
Has received his letters, saying that he has heard that Betts, contrary to his order, has allowed Venetian merchants to send their goods to Flanders in hoys, and to London by carts. "Of late here hath divers Florantines, Leweas and Arogosies ladyn certain things into Flanders, and made the entries in the King's books of customs in their own names, whereby the King could lose no money, and none in any Venetian's name." Had no orders to stop their goods by cart, but only that they should not be suffered to lade their galleys. Hampton, 7 Aug.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: To my lord Cardinal's grace.
8 Aug.
Calig. B. VI.
B. M.
Had not written to him before, as the Scotch parliament was sitting. John More has told David Hume (the parliament having risen this day) that, at the desire of the Duke, the Queen in open parliament requested her son might be removed to Stirling, and not be so near the Border. They will remove him to Stirling today or tomorrow. They have dismissed his foster mother, and all except my lord Arsekyn. The Duke invades England, Sept. 2. The lords are preparing to take his part. They have consented to his wishes in the matter of the Humes, and this night David Beton will be sent to Hume with the Duke's pleasure. The Humes will never trust him. Sir James Hamylton has by the Duke's order seized the house of Sir John Somervell, who is banished, and is now at Blacatre. A servant of Angus reports that he is at liberty in France. Yesterday 20 Scots "preket at the horse of Alwenton,"—were attacked by 14 Englishmen at Singandside Swire; two of the Douglases slain, and one taken;—all the Englishmen saved. Harbotell, 5 Aug. Signed.
Add.: My lord Dacre.
P.S. by lord Dacre.—Sends the above to Wolsey. The King's life is in danger by the removal of the earls of Rothwen and Borthwyke. Is not afraid of the invasion. Stampforde, Friday 8 Aug. Signed.
Pp. 2.
Writ to the escheator of Camb. and Hunts for restitution of temporalities on election of John Berwyk as abbot. Westm, 8 Aug.
ii. Similar writs for cos. Northt., Linc., Leic. and York.
Pat. 14 Hen. VIII. p. 2,m. 2.
9 Aug.
R. O.
St. P. I. 98.
Has received by the bearer letters announcing the arrival of the navy from Spain with 4,000 men and 16 ships commanded by Lascayne. The Emperor is raising a large force to besiege Bayonne. Westminster, 9 Aug. Signed.
P. 1. Add.
9 Aug.
Calig. B. II.
B. M.
2431. [SURREY] to WOLSEY.
Has this morning returned the men of Rye sent from Portsmouth to Newbaven, and captured five fishing boats. Finds by confessions of the captives that nine men of war are ready to start from Newhaven and nine from Dieppe, supposed to be intended against the "corvers," now fishing before Flaymborough Head for herring;—thence to Scotland to land 2,000 adventurers. The largest is the Parente, of 300 tons; the next the Norman, of Dieppe, 13 score tons; the rest of 4 score and under. There are at this time fishing Flemings of 140 tons, at the least 100 sails, with 6 Flemish wafters. The French may take as many as they like;—they cannot escape;—then land in Scotland, and set forth again to meet the Iceland fleet. Thinks they intend for Guernsey or Jersey. Hopes they will fall in with the Vice-admiral. It is good he were advertised of the news. More than 100 pieces of artillery have been mounted at Newhaven. The great new ship the Lewis and the "Armyn" are there.
P.S. in Surrey's hand.—Has just received a letter from the Vice-admiral for keeping the seas. Wonders the Vice-admiral stays at Portsmouth, where no good can be done. It is not possible that the French king will put his army to sea in so short a time. No great service can be done by sending many ships to sea. Has sent notice to the admiral of Flanders to convoy the Flemish fishermen. Calais, 9 Aug. Signature cut off.
Pp. 3. Add.: "My lord Legate's good grace." Endd.
10 Aug.
R. O.
St. P. I. 99.
Has this day received letters of Thomas Spinelly out of Spain, of the furniture of the Spanish fleet, and the taking of the castle of Maya. The Spaniards are in high courage, and it is thought will proceed against Fontarabia. Would rather they attempted Bayonne. Westminster, 10 Aug. Signed.
P. 1. Add.
10 Aug.
Galba, B. VII.
B. M.
I have received your letters by Hesdin, from whom I have learned what you said to him for the good of the Emperor; and though the purpose for which I sent him has not succeeded, I am quite satisfied with the excuses, and will set about providing in these parts what the Emperor is bound to furnish. Am writing to our ambassadors about Gueldres. Be pleased to give them credence. La Haye, 10 Aug. '22. Signed.
Fr., p. 1. Add. and endd.