Henry VIII: June 1521, 16-30

Pages 541-553

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 3, 1519-1523. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1867.

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June 1521

16 June.
R. O.
St. P. VI. 70.
Wrote last from Maestricht on the 12th. Reached Brussels on the 14th, when Wingfield received letters from Fitzwilliam and Jerningham, with copy of the King's letter, containing the sudden change of the French king, &c. (fn. 1) _The Emperor desires peace as much as any prince living, but will not listen to mediation till Navarre be restored. Lord Berghes is, as usual, desirous of the amity between the King and his master, "considering the subtle and colourable demeanour used by the French king." He thinks the Emperor might come to St. Omer whilst Wolsey is at Calais. The sending of John de la Saulche is delayed. As the French, by possessing the castle of Pampeluna, have conquered all Navarre, the accommodation will not be easy. Letters have come to the Emperor from the bishop of Helna. Brussels, 16 June.
Wingfield asks leave to attend the Cardinal if he come to Calais. Signed.
Add.: My lord Cardinal, &c.
16 June.
R. O.
Sends him a priest, named Adam Bradshawe, who had been put into prison at Maidstone for his presumption in pulling down writings and seals "set up at the abbey of Boxley against the ill opinions of Martin Luther." Whilst in prison, he caused to be cast into the High Street at Maidstone seditious bills against the King and his council, and, as that is a more heinous offence than pulling down writings, sends him to Wolsey. The bills are in the hands of Sir Henry Guildford. If he escape the other danger, Wolsey may punish him for destroying the writings, or send him for that purpose to the writer. This priest has been in prison at Calais and elsewhere, and at his last taking hurt another priest, and put him in danger of his life. Has examined him, but he refused to answer until he sees the bills. Otford, 16 June. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Cardinal and legate a latere. Endd.
16 June.
R. O.
I O U of "Jam Hacquett," an Irishman, to Bernard di Latino de' Pigli, for 98l. 14s. 5d. of Flemish money, to be repaid in four yearly instalments. 16 June 1521.
Copy, Italian, p. 1. Endd.: John Hacwet.
18 June.
R. O.
Ellis, 3 Ser.
I. 249.
Had formed ten medallions of terra cotta (rotundæ imagines ex terra depictæ), at 2l. 6s. 8d. each; and three histories of Hercules, at 4l. each; for the palace at Anton Cort. Had received for the same 10l. on account; requests payment of the residue, sc., 21l. 13s. 4d.—18 June 1521.
Lat. Add.: Rmo D. Cardinali.
18 June.
R. O.
Confession of Lewis Ap Rese alias Polen, made 18th June 13 Hen. VIII., that on the Sunday next after Trinity, about one o'clock, he was standing in a close in Sydesteren next to Duffehous Close, "tying of my points," and saw John Stede and his servant John Fuller in Duffus Close. Stede made Fuller swear to be true to him, and gave him a piece of gold, promising he should not want while he lived; and then said, "If the duke of Buckingham had lived three years longer, he knew so much the said Duke should have worn the crown, and then should I be another manner of man than I am." Fuller answered, "It was not unlike but he should have worn the crown." Then Stede said, "If it had pleased God, would the King's head had askewsed his head." Fuller answered, "It had been great pity;" and Stede replied, "There is many one in England would be contented."
In Rees' hand, p. 1. Signed by Rees, Roger Townshend, Thos. Russell, and Wm. Salman.
R. O. 2. Confession of John Fowler, made 20 June 13 Hen. VIII. Says he came to John Stede at Sydestern on the Monday in Whitsunweek, and was hired to his service in Duffhous Close. Stede asked him whose service he had been in, and he said with the duke of Northumberland; "and then he said, I am sure my lord and yours is pensive for the duke of Buckingham." Fowler said he could not tell, for it was not known there upon St. George's day, and he had left the day following. Stede said, "My Lord wolbe pensive if he knew as much as I do, for I heard that upon Monday his judgment was given unto him, before my lord of Norfolk and other lords; and then the said Duke sat down upon his knee, and desired the lords that they should desire the King's grace to be good and gracious unto his wife and to his children; and as for his own life, he would not sue. And further-more he said, An he had not offended no more unto God than he had done to the crown, he should die as true man as ever was in the world." Fowler had no more words with his master "concerning these matters at that time, nor sithens, which matters be contained in the bill of confession of Lewys Ap Rese, otherwise called Lewys Poleyn." Signed by John Shelton, Sir Roger Townshend, and Sir Edw. Boleyn.
P. 1. Endd.: "An information against John Stede, of Warham, Norf., of heinous words against the King's grace."
19 June.
Galba, B. VII.
B. M.
Wrote on the 16th. The same night Wingfield received Wolsey's letters of the 13th. Went next day to the Emperor, and told him the King's desire for abstience of war and compromise. His majesty said he had received two despatches from the bishop of Helna, the first showing the good mind of Henry to his affairs, of which he was very glad, the second not yet deciphered; that when his ambassador promised on his behalf submission to the King's highness, and he himself repeated the promise to Wingfield on his first coming, he had [no] knowledge of the invasion of Na[varre] by the French, and he thinks Henry would not expect him to consent to a truce or compromise before redress is made. This we agreed to, and assured him the King regarded his honor as much as his own. Have since spoken with Berghes and the Chancellor, who approve of Wolsey's coming over, and think the sooner the better; in which case the Emperor will send them to Calais with the audiencer Anyton, giving them full power to treat and conclude all matters. This done, Berghes says the King will rule the Emperor in all his affairs. He says the King will require to show his intentions shortly, as the Emperor cannot remain long as he is. The Chancellor said also his master must soon determine one way or other about his marriage. They are evidently bent on strengthening the alliance with England, and were marvellous glad to hear that Wolsey had declared to their ambassador that both princes were at liberty to combine against their common enemy, by reason of the breach of the peace by the French king.
Yesterday visited my Lady, who expatiated at great length on the forbearance the Emperor had shown in following the King's counsel. After taking Florenges, and pulling it down, Nassau is commanded to go to Bolion, a castle of the bishopric of Luke, between Namura and Hennego, usurped by Robert de la Marche. In case the French throw in succours, the Emperor is preparing to reinforce Nassau with the pensioners and gentlemen of his household. Today at dinner the marshal of Burgundy told us that a great number of the princes of Almain are preparing to serve the Emperor. Sion says the Emperor before leaving Worms sent a secret messenger to Zurich, who has won several of the cantons that had treated with the French king. The 6,000 with the Pope are retained for another month. His Holiness has an excellent understanding with the Emperor, whatever the French say.
No news touching Navarre out of Spain; but it is reported from Burgundy that the French army has been driven out of Navarre by the Spaniards, and a secretary of the bishop of Luke heard the same at Amiens. Don Provost d'Otreke, who will be here tonight, heard that the two armies were very near each other. The Emperor is very diligent, and is daily in his council [chamber] at six or seven o'clock, where he remains till he goes to mass; and an hour after he has dined, returns thither again, and remains till supper time. This life he has led ever since the death of Chievres. The general estates of these countries will be kept at Ghent. They appear perfectly well minded to do the Emperor service. His success will disappoint the French. He has not yet disposed of the office of chamberlain. The lord Montayny makes great suit for it, and has my Lady's favor. Nassau is recommended by the marshal of Burgundy.
Since writing have been with the Chancellor, who told them that the delay of their resolution was owing to letters upon letters received from their ambassador, the contents of which they found very strange. Before the arrival of Fitzwilliam the King and Wolsey had absolutely declared the French king guilty of the breach, and told the ambassador that if Francis would not accept the compromise or delayed his answer, the King would declare himself his enemy, and that the Emperor was clearly freed from all his obligations, both as to the marriage and as to the pension from Naples; but by the Bishop's last letters it appears Francis was content to accept the compromise, making the King arbiter, and Wolsey hoped the Emperor would agree to it before his coming, otherwise he would leave him. They are surprised at this change, and say the Emperor is determined, whatever England may do, to be revenged on the French king; that the Emperor had never promised to make a compromise, but was only willing that England should mediate before this invasion of Navarre. Think, from the Chancellor's words, that if the King take conclusion upon the principal matter, they will make no difficulty about the rest. Brussels, 19 June. Signed.
Pp. 5, mutilated.
Tit. B. XII.
B. M.
St. P. II. 70.
1358. [HENRY VIII. to SURREY.]
By his letters and those of Sir John Pechie, understands that he has received the instructions sent by the latter. Commends the politic direction taken by Surrey and Pechie. Has received the letters of O'Nell, thanking the King for sending "our livery of knighthood to him"; and as lord Dacre by the King's command has made substantial espial in the country of the earl of Argyle and other parts of Scotland, and finds that no preparations are intended for his transporting into Ireland, the King thinks that Surrey will not be much troubled this summer. As great divisions exist in Scotland, the King thinks the Scotch will be wary of breaking the truce with England. Sends him 1,000 marks above the ordinary wages, to keep up a force in case the Scotch should enter Ireland. Accepts his declaration touching the 300 horse and 500 foot mentioned in the credence of Sir John Wallop. This has eased the King's mind, as he does not wish to be put to further charges, until he perfectly knows the issue of these controversies between the Emperor and the French king.
Draft, in Ruthal's hand.
20 June.
R. O.
Has received his letter. Thanks him for many kindnesses showed to himself and the King's servants, whenever they have had any cause "to repair into those parts;" especially for your kindness showed "unto my fellow Hardy." Thanks him also for the good nag he received last year. Richmond, 20 June. Signed and sealed.
P. 1. Add.: To mine own good lord my lord Darcy.
21 June.
Tit. B. I.
215 a.
B. M.
Free pardon, by the earl of Arundel, to John Cloon, for the death of Roger Lawe. Downeley, 21 June 13 Hen. VIII.
Modern copy.
22 June.
Galba, B. VII.
B. M.
Wrote last on the 20th, of their communications with the Emperor and his council. Have put in a memorial certain remonstrances made by them against the proceedings of the French king. They are willing to follow the King's counsel, but expect to meet with reciprocal confidence and effectual demonstration._Written thus far when the Emperor sent for them, and, in presence of my Lady and the Chancellor, told them that the provost of Utrecht was returned from France, and had said, on taking leave of Francis, that it was better that he and Charles should be friends than continue as they had begun. Francis replied he knew there was no love between them, and he was determined to deal with him as an utter enemy. On the Provost requesting that he would desist for at least two or three years, Francis said plainly he would not, as he could have no better opportunity than at present. The Emperor desired Wingfield to go over immediately, and state these things to the King by word of mouth, with other matters to be committed to him by instructions. Wingfield replied he was commanded to attend his Majesty, and could not depart without leave; but on his persisting, consented. There are many Scotch merchants at the mart at Antwerp, who have bought a number of harnesses. Mentioned this to the Emperor, and requested him to prohibit the exportation of arms. Are told by the Chancellor, that on receipt of the Emperor's letters, they of Zurich have acknowledged themselves to be the Emperor's subjects, and that the French king had beguiled many of the cantons, pretending that he wanted them only for defence. They would never agree to act for offensive purposes, and had convoked a diet to consider the Emperor's letters. Lord Sevenbergh is sent thither again. Lord Jamais, Robt. de la March's son, who was taken in the castle of Floranges, is sent prisoner to Namur. The cause of the sudden surrender of Floranges was, that most of the soliders are Almains, who refused to defend any place against the Emperor. Brussels, 22 June. Signed.
Pp. 2, mutilated.
ii. Remonstrances made by the Emperor.—(1.) The French king's grudges are owing to the Emperor's unwillingness to give further assurance of his marriage or treaties, against the opinion of the late lord Chievres. (2.) The Emperor was willing, at the King's request, that matters should be arranged by the King's mediation before the invasion of Navarre. (3.) The French king, despairing of bringing the Emperor to his will, has sought every means to destroy him by inciting Robert de la Marche to take Liege, by putting garrisons in Tournay and Terouenne to devastate the neighbouring countries, by prompting Gueldres to invade Brabant and Holland, all at the same time, during the Emperor's absence at the diet, at which he also labored to hinder the Emperor's success. (4.) The resolution taken by Francis with the duke of Wurtemberg and [count] of Furstenberg to invade Farrette. (5.) Francis wrote a letter to a Lutheran captain to encourage those of that opinion to join him, in order that by that means they might "recover as well their old Emperors as also Popes to be resident in France." (6.) The corruption of the Swiss. (7.) His practices with the marquis of Pescara, to whom he sent his "blancke singne" to get him to take his part in the conquest of Naples. (8.) The intrigues to betray the castles of Naples and Gaeta, the contrivers of which were taken and put to death. (9.) His intentions against Spain are clear from the invasion of Navarre, and his intelligence with the bishop of Samora and the rebel chiefs. (10.) From these causes the Emperor's dominions have been in great danger, as he had trusted to the strength of treaties and to the promises of England. (11.) He has determined to invade France, even if England should refuse him aid, which he cannot believe.
Pp. 2, mutilated.
22 June.
Mon. Habs.
1362. CHARLES V.
Memorandum to Sir Ric. Wingfield of what he shall say on the part of the Emperor to Henry VIII.
That Charles by his last letters to his ambassador had instructed him to show the king of England his desire to strengthen the amity between them, and that Wolsey might be sent over, under color of the compromise which France is endeavoring to effect, to conclude the matters projected between their two majesties. Since the despatch of those letters the dom. Provost of Utrecht has returned from France, stating that Francis is determined to invade the Emperor on every side. When it was represented that the Emperor had not deserved such treatment, Francis replied, rudely, that he knew well the Emperor wished him no good. He is now fully equipped and the Emperor unprovided, so that he has a better chance of avenging himself now than he would have two or three years hence. He is daily recruiting his army and brining it to the frontier, and has not only caused Robert de la Marche to invade the Emperor, but seized his couriers and opened his letters. The Emperor is, therefore, compelled to get ready a great army, with which he means to do all the mischief to France he possibly can. He is to request the King, considering how the Emperor is provoked, to declare himself, and give him aid against their common enemies. As to the compromise of which France has made overture, the Emperor cannot honorably accept it without previously consulting his friends, and especially his subjects of Spain. He shall also press England again to declare himself promptly, and send over Wolsey immediately to treat with the Emperor's commissioners, so that they may open to each other the bottom of their hearts. Knowing Wingfield's dexterity, the Emperor has requested him to go over to the King his master to show him the above matters and others, which the Emperor has explained to him by word of mouth, and to ascertain him of the King's will as soon as possible. Brussels, 22 June 1521.
22 June.
R. O.
Have sent to you Sir Henry, parish priest of Sevenoaks, who is said to have used unfitting language of your grace. He is quite willing to attend on you for his excuse. He is a poor priest, and pity it is he should be hardly treated or sent to prison, as he cannot sustain any great cost. I intend to be at Tonbridge on Monday, and will write to you about the matter we spoke of. Otford, 22 June. Signed.
P.1. Add.: To, &c. my lord Card. of York, legate de latere.
22 June. 1364. For the NUNNERY OF NONNETON, Coventry and Lichfield dioc.
Congé d'élire, vice Eliz. Hasilrig, prioress, deceased. Westm., 22 June.
Pat. 13 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 12.
25 June.
Galba, B. VI.
B. M.
Solicits his interest in the matter of which he writes to the King. Sir Richard Wingfield, to whom he writes more fully, will give an account of it to Wolsey. Brussels, 25 June. Signed: El duche de Alva, marquese de Corya.
Spanish, p. 1. Add.: Al muy, &c. cardenal de Inglaterra.
25 June.
Add. 21,512,
f. 7.
B. M.
Wrote on the 20th what the Pope had said about the man Francis wished him to send to the diet to be held at Calais. Not hearing that he had come to any determination, was with him again today. Urged him to do so without more delay, but found him still more undecided. He said he did not think it necessary, because he had ambassadors both in France and England, and perhaps one of them would do. Insisted on his sending a special envoy, but could not get him to consent. At last he said he did not see why he should help in cheating himself, for he had been too much abused already. Endeavored to quiet his suspicions, and he said he would think of it again, but he knew not what to say, as he seemed to be held in no account. Knows that he feels himself mocked, and that the affairs of Francis, from being in the best possible condition, have got into a very critical state. The Pope holds much better language towards the opposite party than before. Fears his taste is spoiled, and even if good news were to arrive, he would not relish them.
It is said Prosper Colonna comes to Rome tomorrow, for what purpose is not known. This is not a good sign, nor that the Spaniards are so near the frontiers of the Church, and the Pope does not seem to be alarmed. The partisans of the King Catholic tell him that now Chièvres is dead, the affairs of that King will be managed in quite a different fashion, and that he bears very good will towards the Holy See, as he has shown in the affair of Martin Luther; that the commons of Spain, since the rout of their army, have returned to obedience, and that they are now raising a great army against Navarre. Rome, 25 June 1521. Signed.
Fr., pp. 2. Add.
26 June.
Galba, B. VII.
B. M.
Wingfield left on the 22nd. Has received Wolsey's letters of the 20th. Went to the Emperor, with whom he had an interview, at which he showed him the letters, and told him of the arrival of Fitzwilliam in England. Urged him to accept the truce as sent by Wolsey; but found him nothing inclined thereto, in consequence of the surprise of Navarre. If Wolsey comes over, he will appoint persons to meet him with full powers. If the King does not conclude the amity, Berghes told him, their confidence would be shaken. Heard the same from my Lady yesterday. The Emperor has written to Helna. It is thought he would have been more tractable but for the loss of Pampeluna. Nassau intends to besiege Bolion. The French army is at Moson. Reinforcements are on their way from the duke of Cleves to Nassau. Gives an account of the Emperor's troops.
In Spinelly's own hand:—The Pope promises great things to the Emperor, as the king of England takes his part. The Swiss are returning. Berghes, as Chièvres' executor, has offered the Emperor 200,000 ducats above the sum specified. Brussels, 25 June 1521.
P.S.—Having sealed his letters, received Wolsey's of the 23rd. Made a memorial of them in French. Had an interview with the Emperor, who would make no other answer than he had done. He complained of the French invading Castile, and burning the town of Archos. It is not thought by the Chancellor or the Audiencer that the Emperor will listen to any compromise; and Fonseca is now of the same opinion. If Sevenberg goes to the Swiss, Sion will go with him. Brussels, 26 June 1521, at midnight. Signed.
Pp. 8, mutilated. Add.
26 June.
P. S.
Restitution of the temporalities of the see of Lincoln. Greenwich, 24 April 13 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 26 June.
Pat. 13 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 12.
ii. Bull for John [Longland] to be bishop of Lincoln, vice William [Atwater], deceased. Rome, 1520, 13 kal. Apr., 9 pont.
27 June.
Vit. B. IV.
B. M.
The College of Cardinals have been deliberating about conferring some title on the king of England, and will be glad to have Wolsey's opinion about it. Some propose Apostolicus, others Protector. War is daily expected, and an engagement between the French and the imperial forces. The Spaniards in the kingdom of Naples on the banks of the Tronto (Troentum) will cross and attack Milan at the first brush. Rome, 27 June 1521. Signature burnt off.
Lat., mutilated, pp. 2.
27 June.
R. O.
1370. PACE to [JEROME GHINUCCI], the Pope's ambassador.
It has been reported to the King yesterday and today, that the Emperor and the French king have determined to settle their disputes by war. It is said that the French have been driven out of Navarre. The Emperor has a large army at other people's expense. Germany, Spain and Flanders are so well disposed to him that they will not allow him to suffer any disgrace, but urge him to war. The French king declares he will not put off the war, saying that now is the time to crush the Emperor, who is young and inexperienced. Hence the Cardinal's voyage to Calais is uncertain. Windsor, 27 June.
The victory, we think, for many reasons, will be with the Emperor. If so, the Pope must look to his affairs in time.
Hol., Lat., p. 1. Add.: Smi D. N. oratori dignissimo.
27 June.
Mon. Habs.
1371. CHARLES V.
Instructions to Ph. Haneton, secretary and audiencer, and the bishop of Badajoz and Elne, to be declared to the king of England and the cardinal of York, after presenting the Emperor's letters of credence.
He hopes the King and Cardinal have come to a determination touching what has been shown them by the Bishop and Sir Ric. Wingfield. Considering the Emperor's justifications, of which he has sent them a copy, doubts not that the King, in accordance with the treaties sworn at Canterbury, will declare himself against France, and conclude the other matters projected between them. Nevertheless, having no certain knowledge of the King's answer, and knowing the dangers of delay, especially considering the news recently come from Spain, how the French have invaded Castile as well as Navarre, and besieged Grono, and that five or six French armed boats have arrived on the coast of Galicia, which immediately attacked the Spaniards, and took certain boats of Castile and also of Charles's Flemish subjects, which they conducted to Dieppe, Charles has sent his Audiencer to solicit an answer from Henry with all diligence. If the Audiencer find he cannot have an answer promptly, and that they wish to urge a compromise under color of which Wolsey might cross the sea without suspicion, conclude the other matters proposed, and procure the peaceful restitution of Navarre, he shall say that the Emperor has declared to him the reasons why he cannot consent to any compromise without previous reparation for the injuries done by France, and without the advice of his Spanish subjects, who are in arms for the recovery of his kingdom, and the consent of his allies. But if the King will send Wolsey to Calais immediately, on pretence of laboring to effect an amicable arrangement, and write to the parties to send thither deputies with full powers, and if he will first of all put their affairs in surety according to what has been long proposed, writing at the same time to France not to do anything against the Emperor's countries, of which he undertakes the protection during negotiations, Charles hopes they will be better able to understand their common interests.
If he find the King and Cardinal inclined to the settlement of the affairs projected, but doubtful of the Emperor's power to assemble a sufficient army, he shall say that Charles has money enough to maintain a large army all this summer, and hopes to obtain more. He is so sure of his men that in three weeks or a month he will have them wherever they are wanted, and when they have settled their principal affairs, he will disclose to the King his other resources. If the King and Wolsey show themselves ready to declare themselves for Charles, provided they be satisfied of the justice of his cause, he shall declare to them that on the King's settlement of their affairs Charles will undertake to get the Pope to join them, and Henry may soon learn from the Pope himself how well they may be assured of him. If they are not satisfied with this, the Bishop and Audiencer shall consult together as to what they shall further declare touching the terms on which Charles stands with the Pope, and they shall say he has no doubt that they three being thus joined can easily draw the Swiss into alliance, and turn them from the league they have made with France, especially as it is simply defensive, and contains express reservation of the Pope, the Emperor and the hereditary league of Austria. The Swiss are not bound to give foot soldiers to France, even for defence, if they suspect a war against themselves. This suspicion could easily be got up, and they would be glad to take it, even after receiving aid from France. They are already divided amongst themselves, especially the people against their governors, and murmur that France has invaded the Emperor under color of defence. For this reason Charles has despatched deputies with money to the Swiss. The best means to gain them is the enterprise on Milan, which Charles has already pointed out. It could be accomplished even if the Pope let it alone, but it would be more sure if they were more united, and Charles could aid it by the men he has in Italy.
If the King desire to know what number of men Charles can bring against France, Haneton shall say that without the aid of the Empire or of the forces in Italy or Castile, he is already sure he can assemble 30,000 foot and 6,000 or 7,000 horse, for which he has four months' pay ready. When Charles has entered France and accomplished the enterprise of Milan, the Spanish forces in Italy may cross the mountains into Dauphiné, where they would carry on the war both by land and sea, and all the more boldly if they knew England had declared for the Emperor. If the King and Wolsey be of opinion that Charles ought first to go to Spain, and in the interval the King agree to undertake the defence of the Low Countries, the said Bishop and Audiencer shall say that the principal affairs being settled, and the arrangements with the Pope and the Swiss effected, Charles would be willing to follow the King's advice; in which case they shall inquire if the King will aid him with a number of his largest vessels well equipped to accompany him on the voyage, as it is said the French have large ones, and he has none here. The Bishop and Audiencer (and especially the latter, who is well informed of the Emperor's affairs,) shall therefore press for an immediate declaration and for the sending of Wolsey to Calais. If they will not consent to this, or delay under color of appointment, professing that it is for Charles's interest, and that they will procure restitution of Navarre, Haneton shall say that Charles has forborne for a year past all enterprises against France in deference to the King's advice, in the firm hope that in case of open rupture the King would declare himself entirely for him; and Charles will now be able to judge of the truth of what Francis told the provost of Utrecht, that he was sure the King would never declare against him. If, however, the King will not aid him for fear of losing his pension from France, the Audiencer shall say, as of himself, that the Emperor is bound by his oath at Canterbury to assist in the recovery of that pension. If, notwithstanding all remonstrances, Wolsey will not consent to cross the sea, he shall say that Charles will be content to send powers to England to conclude everything. He shall also visit the Queen, and present Charles's letters of credence, and tell her what he considers expedient. Brussels, 27 June 1521. Signed.
28 June.
R. O.
Inquisition taken on the sea shore at Hythe, Friday, 28 June 13 Hen. VIII., before Sir Edward Ponynges, warden of the Cinque Ports.
15 nets, called flewes, in the custody of Wm. Treulove, 45s. Harman Maynerd found seven flewnets. Maurice Jonson and his fellows found seven nets at Scarborowe. Adam, the clerk and priest of the parish of Demechurch, found a fish called a porpey, price unknown. An anchor found, worth 20s. A salmon outside the nets of John Sutton of Folkstone was taken away. In custody—Wm. Gybbes, Th. Danyell; 2 hogsheads and an "alb'i," found in the sea, and worth 20s. Mathew Lewce fished in the sea before sunrise, contrary to the statute.
Lat., on parchment.
28 June.
S. B.
1373. For SIR WM. SANDYS.
Wardship of John, s. and h. of George Whitehede. Del. Westm. 28 June 13 Hen. VIII.
Pat. 13 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 17.
29 June.
R. O.
On behalf of Christopher Crow his bailiff, whom Wolsey's servant Geo. Willoughby had brought before the Court of Chancery, the Star Chamber and the Common Pleas, for doing his duty at Arundel's commandment. Willoughby has done Arundel great damage, and his servants have nearly murdered Crow. He has forfeited an obligation of 100 marks by these acts, but Arundel forbears to attempt the law against him, as he is Wolsey's servant. Wishes Wolsey to appoint some of his council to hear the case. Douneley, 29 June. Signed.
P.1. Add.: To, &c. my lord Cardinal and legate of latery good grace.
29 June.
Vit. B. IV.
B. M.
An arduous task, which he little expected, has been devolved upon him, "ad quæque intrepido et paratissimo." As he cannot explain himself personally to Wolsey, sends Mich. Sander, dean of Breslau. Brussels, 29 June 1521. Signed.
Lat., mutilated, p. 1. Add.
30 June.
Vesp. F. I. 80.
B. M.
Is compelled by his difficulties to beg aid. Since the taking of Greece, Hungary has been continually threatened, and the sultan of Egypt mulcted of his territory. The Sophi has made a truce with him. He makes no doubt of his purpose, seeing that no aid can come from Christendom in consequence of the disputes between Francis and the Emperor. He is preparing to attack Nandor Alba, i.e. Belgrade, then Buda. An army of 80,000 under Mehemet Beg is raised against Transylvania, and another against Croatia. 50,000 Tartars are to attack Poland. Buda, 30 June 1521, 6 Lewis II. Signed.
Lat., pp. 2. Add.
30 June.
Lamb. 616.
f. 33.
St. P. II. 72.
Has received his letter by Peche's servant on the 27th. Thanks him for the 1,000 marks. Is making ready to do the most hurt he can to the Irishmen of the West, who are in a league to injure the King's subjects, unless he be restrained by letters from the King by Thomas Jermyn. Thinks Ireland will never be reduced, except by conquest, and with not less than 2,500, for the Irish can always be helped by the Irish and English Scots. To accomplish this briefly, 6,000 men would be best. Compares the conquest of Ireland with that of Wales under Edward I. The Irish live more hardly than any people in Christendom or Turkey, as Peche can inform him. To secure his conquest, the King must furnish victuals out of England, build fortresses, and send over English colonists to the conquered lands; for Irishmen will return to their old customs on the first opportunity. Laments that he receives such small aid from the King's subjects in Ireland, and would be glad to return to serve the King in England. Dublin, 30 June. Signed.
Hears from Mountjoy that he (Erasmus) is accused of favoring Luther, and is desired to purge himself by writing against the reformer. Denies the charge. Thinks Luther was justified in exposing the evils of the times, which were patent to all, but dislikes his manner of doing it. Is not the author of any of the Lutheran writings attributed to him, for he has never published anything anonymously; least of all would Erasmus oppose the decrees of the Pope. Is going to Basle. Anderlaco, 1521.
June/GRANTS 1379. GRANTS in JUNE 1521.
1. Sir John Huse. To be Chief Butler of England, with two annuities, one of 50 marks, the other of 100 marks. Del. Westm., 1 June 13 Hen. VIII.
Marginal note: "Concordat cum tenore literarum patentium prius Johanni Daunce concess' de officio prædicto; exr per me, Johannem Daunce."—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 12.
3. Wm. West, the King's servant. To be woodward in the lordships of Haseley and Grove, Warw., with 2d. a day in each office. Richmond, 3 June 13 Hen. VIII. (No date of delivery)—P.S. Pat. p. 3, m. 2 (undated.)
8. Stoche, Estone, Bedindone, Huertebery, Ulwardeby, Alderyche, Veremuth, Coston, Warstell, Tonge, Bureton, and Ardelvestone, Wore. Exemption from toll and from the expenses of knights coming to Parliament, to the men of the above places, which are of the ancient demesne of the Crown. Westm., 8 June.—Pat. 13 Hen. VIII. p. 3, m. 19.
8. Th. Donell, of Bristow, merchant. Protection; going in the retinue of lord Berners, deputy of Calais. Richmond, 5 June 13 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 8 June.—P.S.
8. Rob. Toneys, clk. To be clerk of the Hanaper, with 40l. a year, and 18d. a day when attending and riding with the Lord Chancellor, in same manner as Sir John Heron. Del. Westm., 8 June 13 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 22.
11. Wm. Lloid Ap John Ap Meredith, sewer of the Chamber, s. and h. of John Ap Meredith Ap Jevan Lloid. Lease of the manor or commote of Dunnaile in the lordship of Dinbigh, Wales, (which was leased to the said John for 90 years, by patent 12 March 1 Hen. VII., invalid), with the tenements called Heyretheren and Hengum, for 60 years; rent, 117s. All tenants and inhabitants to appear twice a year before the said William or his steward. Also lease of the herbage and pannage of Ruthin park, called "Towne parke," with the "Towne millis," and "Grainge mille," in the franchise of the said town, and the mills called "Melyn Keler" and "Melyn Ycoed," all in the lordship of Diffrencloed, at certain rents, and 40s. of increase. Del. Westm., 11 June 13 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 3, m. 14.
11. Th. Midwynter, of Northleche, Glouc. Lease of a water mill near the town of Chedworth, Glouc., called Gottristmyll, parcel of "Warwikeslandes" and "Spencerlandes," for 21 years; rent, 33s. 4d., and 20d. of increase, payable to the bailiff or provost of Chedworth; with timber for repairs out of Chedworth woods. "Teste," 11 June.—S.B. Pat. 13 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 19.
11. Peter Mutton and Th. Ap Grono, yeomen of the Guard. Grant, during pleasure, in survivorship, of the offices of clerk of the works in Denbigh castle, N. Wales; keeper of the gaol and gates called "le Cheker gate" and "Burges gate," in the town of Denbigh; escheator and attorney of Denbigh; and keeper of the wood called "le Galghill parc," vice Rob. Lloid, deceased. Richmond, 2 June 13 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 11 June.—P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 16.
12. Ric. Pyle and Stephen Page. Licence to alienate 15 acres of land in [Carl]ton (?) Ryde, Suff., to Th. Rede, clk., John Playter, ... man, Th. Page, Wm. Rede, Th. Bowes and Nich. Roke, and their heirs. Westm., 12 June.—Pat. 13 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 27.
13. Wm. Cookes alias Muklowe, of Gloucester, mercer. Protection for two years; going in the retinue of lord Berners, deputy of Calais. Richmond, 13 June 13 Hen. VIII. (No date of delivery.)—P.S.
14. Edw. Andrewis alias Skynner, of Westminster, skinner. Pardon. Del. Westm., 14 June 13 Hen. VIII. Endd.: "Edwardo Andrewis pro feloniâ apud Brydlington."—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 20.
14. Th. Gosling, of London, mercer. Pardon for treason and breaking out of prison; he having been arrested at Est Smythfield, Middlesex, for treason, and imprisoned in the Tower of London. Richmond, 5 June 13 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 14 June.—P.S.
14. John Gyste, of Brymyngehame, Warw., cordwainer. Reversal of outlawry, to which he was condemned, at the suit of Roger Cowper, for trespass. Del. Westm., 14 June [13] Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 20.
14. Ric. Kemsey, of Coventry, mercer. Protection; going in the retinue of lord Berners, deputy of Calais. Richmond, 10 June 13 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 14 June.—P.S.
14. Ambrose Potter, of Gravesende, Kent, servant of Wm. archbishop of Canterbury, alias bailiff of the hundred of Toltyngtrowe, Kent; also of Caston, Norf.; Cambridge; Oxford; and Lamehithe, Surrey. Pardon. Del. Westm., 14 June 13 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 20.
14. Ric. Walshe, of London, West Chestre' Dorchestre, and Oxford, sherman. Pardon. Del. Westm., 14 June 13 Hen. VIII. Endd.: "Ric. Welsh for felony in Blakk Heth."—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 20.
15. Th. Palmer, gentleman usher of the Chamber. To be surveyor and receiver of the lordship of Henley in Arderne, Warw., with 4d. a day, as held by Sir Edw. Belknapp. Del. Westm., 15 June 13 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 21.
15. Th. Palmer, gent. usher of the Chamber. Annuity of 20l. Del. Westm., 15 (fn. 2) June 13 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 19.
15. Sir Wm. Tiler. Authority to make search in the Port of London, and in Southampton, Bristowe, Sandwich, and elsewhere, and to extract all "garbell, foystes and dustes" from spices and drugs (fn. 3), and send back the garble, &c. to foreign parts: all spices sold ungarbled to be forfeited. Edw. IV. granted the office of garbaler or trier of all spices and drugs coming into their port to the City of London, who, at the King's request, have lately granted the office to Sir William, but have made an act whereby all spices and drugs contained in bags having the token or mark of Bruges and Antwerp are admitted and sold as garbled without being searched by the garbaler, whence the King considers that great damage is likely to ensue to his person, and to his subjects "in their meats and drinks." Richmond, 6 June 13 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 15 June.—P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 16.
16. Commission of the Peace.
Kent.—Th. cardinal of York, Wm. abp. of Canterbury, bp. of Rochester, abbot of St. Augustine's, prior of Christ Church, Canterbury, Geo. lord Burgevenny, Th. Broke lord Cobham, Sir John Fyneux, Sir John More, Sir Edw. Ponynges, Sir Th. Nevell, Sir Hen. Guldeford, Sir John Pecche, Sir John Wilsh[ire], Rob. Blagge, Sir Edw. Guldeford, Sir Christ. Garneys, Sir Wm. Scott, Sir John Norton, Sir John F[ogge], Th. Willoughby, Geo. Guldeforde, Walter Roberth, and Wm. Fyneux. Westm., 16 June.—Pat. 13 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 1d.
16. Commission of Sewers. Lincolnshire:—Wm. lord Willoughby, Wm. abbot of Bardeney, John abbot of Kyrksted, abbots of Thorton and Crowlond, prior of Spaldyng, abbots of Ramsey, Nouson, Barlyng. Louth Parke, and Hanyby, the priors of Syxill, Solyngton and Alvyngham; Sirs Christ. Willoughby, Rob. Dymmok, John Husee, Wm. Tirwhit, Th. Brough, jun., Rob. Tirwhyt, Andr. Billesby, and Gilb. Tailbois; Wm. Skypwith, John Hennage, sen., Edw. Forman, John Wymbisshe, Th. Skipwith, Geo. Fitzwilliam, Nich. Upton, Wm. Sandon, Geoff. Paynell, Fras. Broun, John Hennage, jun., Edw. Forsett, Christ. Wymbisshe, John Lytelbury, Edw. Skipwith, John Robynson, Th. Myssenden, John Sainpall, John Rude, and Thos. Quadring. Westm., 16 June.—Pat. 13 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 19d.
16. Th. Carmenave (fn. 4), gentleman usher of the Chamber. To be bailiff of the stannary of the hundred of Penwith and Kyryer, Cornw., with the tribulage, vice Ric. Stanshawe and Th. Poynter. "Teste meipso," Westm., 8 April 4 Hen. VIII. Dated under P.S., Richmond, 16 June 13 Hen. VIII.
Marginal note, signed by Throkmarton:—"Recordatur quod memorandum non intratur 27 die Octobris, anno r.r. Hen. VIII. 15o."—P.S. Pat. 13 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 18 (undated).
18. Nich. Elveden, of London, alias of Calais, "synggyngman." Protection; going in the retinue of lord Berners, deputy of Calais. Richmond, 6 June 13 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 18 June.—P.S.
18. John Eresland. Lease of the farm of Higley, in the lordship of Higley, Salop, late of the earl of March, for 21 years; rent 30s., and 4s. of increase. Del. West., 18 June 13 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 3, m. 18.
19. Commission of the Peace.
Herts.—Th. cardinal of York, Hen. earl of Essex, Th. prior of St. John of Jerusalem, Wm. Blount lord Mountjoy, Sir John Fyneux, Sir John More, Sir Humph. Conyngesby, Sir Th. Lovell, Sir Wm. Say, Hen. Frowyk, Th. Clyfford, Hen. Barley, Th. Peryent, sen., Th. Laventhorp, John Broket, sen., Geo. Dalyson, Rob. Turbervile, Edw. Broket, Humph. Fitzherbert, Wm. Purdue, Ric. Druell, Th. Knyghton, and Geo. Chaworth. Westm., 19 June.—Pat. 13 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 1d.
20. Maurice Gifford. Licence to alienate lands in Estgynge, Berks, to John Bourghchier, Sir Wm. Essex, Geo. Tywneo, John Bonham, Th. Bonham, Edw. Ludlowe, Th. Hall, Th. Mundy and Rob. Hyde, and their heirs ..., 20 June.—Pat. 13 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 27.
20. John Richardson, of Suthwerke, Surrey, alias of St. Martin-le-Grand, London, shoemaker. Pardon for murder of Berne Ducheman alias Barnard Shomaker, of Suthewerke. Greenwich, 9 Apr. 12 Hen. VIII.—P.S. (No date of delivery.) Westm., 20 June. Pat. 13 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 16.
20. Th. Sengilton, of Milverton, Somers., tailor. Pardon for stealing from the house of Ric. Baker money belonging to John Stronge. Greenwich, 12 May 13 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 20 June.—P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 16.
22. Hugh Barcar, clk. Presentation to the church of Arthurhede, Carlisle dioc. Del. Westm., 22 June 13 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
23. Ric. Sandes, the King's servant. To be bailiff of the scunage of Calais, and of the island of Colne, marches of Calais; with all possessions there late of Wm. Worsley, deceased, which escheated to Hen. VII. by the bastardy of Worsley, and were granted to Edw. Worsley, now deceased; as held by Sir Humphrey Banaster or Walter Culpeper. Del. Westm., 23 June 13 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 17.
Copy of the same. P. 1, mutilated.—R.O.
25. Th. Dudley. Protection for himself and the possessions which he holds in right of Elizabeth his wife, during her life; also licence to him and his wife to absent themselves from Ireland at pleasure; and restitution of all previous forfeitures by reason of absence. Del. Westm., 25 June 13 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
26. Commission of the Peace.
Cornwall.—Th. cardinal of York, J. bp. of Exeter, Rob. Willoughby lord Broke, Sir Ric. Eliott, John Broke, Sir Hen. Marney, Sir John Arundell de la Hern, Sir Peter Eggecombe, Sir John Basset, Roger Graynfeld, John Arundell of Talfern, John Carmynowe, John Chamond, Rob. Vyvyan, James Heresy, Ric. Penrose, Hen. Trecarell, Wm. Lowre, Wm. Goodolghan, Nich. Carmynowe, Rob. Langdon, Wm. Carnesewe, and Nich. Opy. Westm., 26 June.—Pat. 13 Hen. VIII. p. 1. m. 2d.
26. Sir Wistan Broun, knight for the Body. Grant, in tail male, of the reversion of the manors of Bardolfehall in Watton-at-Stone, Herts, and Willoughbyes, in Edmondton and Toteinham, Middx.; granted to John earl of Oxford, deceased, and Elizabeth his wife, late wife of Wm. late viscount Beamont and lord Bardolfe, for the life of the said Elizabeth, in satisfaction of her dower, having come to the hands of King Henry VII. on the death of the said late Viscount, by the forfeiture of Francis late viscount Lovell. The said Countess's estate was confirmed, on the death of the said earl, by act of Parliament 3—5 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 26 June 13 Hen. VIII—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 20.


  • 1. See Wingfield's letter of the 15th to Jerningham.
  • 2. 10 June on Pat. Roll.
  • 3. They are enumerated thus:—Pepper, cloves, mace, nutmegs, cinnamon, sugar, ginger, grains, long pepper, wormseed, cummin, aniseed, coliander seed, rice, almonds, dates, galls, rhubarb, scamin, spygnale, grain, turmeryke, saundres, stavesacre, gum Arabic, galingale, mastyke, setwall, cassia fistula, wax, frankincense, senna leaves, olibann, liquorice drye, orchall, lytmose.
  • 4. Mistake for Carmenowe.