BHO

Henry VIII: Miscellaneous, 1533

Pages 653-680

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 6, 1533. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1882.

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Miscellaneous, 1533


Lansd. MS. 94, f. 5. B. M.
1596. The Divorce.
"A note of such records concerning the divorce of K. Henry VIII. from queen Katherine dowager, remaining in the custody of my Lord Treasurer and Chamberlains of the Exchequer."
Clement VII. to the King, naming Campeggio as his Legate, 8 July 1529.
An additional article concerning the King's protestation.
Campeggio's pollicitation.
Testimony of notaries concerning the determination of the university of Padua.
The King's appeal from the bishop of Rome to a future General Council.
Sentence of the university of Bologna.
Citation of the Queen before the archbishop of York and Campeggio.
Two attestations of the determination of Padua.
Assertion of the clergy of York touching two questions.
Opinion of two doctors upon the same.
Assertion of the prelates of Canterbury concerning the same.
Proceedings of the card. of York in the King's cause before commissioners appointed by the bishop of Rome.
Dispensation for the marriage of Henry VII. and Elizabeth, being in the fourth degree of consanguinity.
Determination of the university of Angers.
Attestations of lord Bowrcher.
Additional article concerning the transcript of the brief.
Attestations of nobles and others in the King's favor.
Transumpt of Francis Catulus of Venice.
Transumpt of Jacob a Lawsanna.
Definitive sentence of the bishop of Canterbury.
Copy of the determination of the dean and faculty of theology of the university of Paris.
Reasons to prove the General Council to be above the Pope.
Causes impugning the matrimony.
Twelve letters of testimony concerning the scrutiny of the register of briefs.
Transumpt of doctors and advocates of Paris that the king of England is not bound to appear at Rome.
An exemplification of certain writings concerning the great affairs.
Testimony of eight English bishops that the King's conscience was moved by weighty causes.
Determination of the university of Orleans.
Counsel of doctors of decrees at Paris against the dispensation.
The King's letters to Clement VII.
The oath of Thos. Lee, bishop of York, to the King.
Determination of the theologians of Paris.
Printed book by Raphael of Como.
Transumpt of the brief of Clement.
Letters of Gregory Casale to the King.
The copy of the instrument granted by the College of Divines at Ferrara.
A note of a brief of Pope Julius making for our cause.
Transumptum capitulorum inter divinos, &c., Cum olim.
A conditional dispensation for the King from the bishop of Rome.
Sentence of the faculty of Doctors of Decrees at Paris.
The dean and faculty of theology at Paris upon the King's cause.
Revocation of Pope Clement's censures against the King.
Requisition of the convocation of Canterbury.
Sentence of Orleans.
Sentence of the university of Bourges.
Revocation of Campeggio to Rome.
Appeal of the King from the bishop of Rome to a future General Council.
Two letters of Card. Chrysogonus to the King.
The copy of the King's letters to the bishop of Rome.
Sentence of the university of Tholouse.
Requisition of the convocation of York.
A transumpt of the determination of Orleans that the King ought not to appear at Rome.
Reasons proving that the King ought not to be excommunicated in consequence of the divorce.
Sentence of the university of Padua.
The sentence of the invalidity of the marriage between the King and the lady Catharine dowager, pronounced by my lord of Canterbury.
A request of the King's subjects that the cause of the Dowager should be determined within the realm.
Two bulls of dispensation for the marriages of Arthur and Henry with Catharine.
A bull authorising the card. of York to take cognisance of the matrimonial cause between Henry VIII. and Catharine. (fn. 1)
A bundle of letters, ciphers, and other books and copies, concerning the managing of the said King's great matter.
Lat. and Eng., pp. 3. Elizabethan hand. Endd.

R. O.
1597. [Chapuys] to [Cromwell?]
The Emperor has written to me by this Spaniard to speak to the King about the loss he has sustained, and to obtain redress ; and that if his Majesty declined to hear me on the matter, I should apply to you and others of his Council. It was on this subject I wished to speak to you some days ago. I beg you to give me an answer to the patent he bears from the Emperor, addressed to the King, as the case has been brought to your notice for more than a year.
Ital., p. 1. In the hand of Chapuys' clerk. Begins : "Signor."

Er. Epp. lib. XXIX. 43.
1598. Erasmus to Thomas Lord Rochford, Earl Of Wiltshire.
Expected to be accused of impropriety if he wrote anything about the Apostles' Creed after so many divines have exhausted the subject, of whom Cyprian is first among the Latins. Would deserve the imputation, however, if he declined to do it at the request of Wiltshire, especially considering how he received his exposition of Psalm xxii. Knows also that Wiltshire asked it, not for himself, who needs no teaching from Erasmus, but for persons less instructed. Has treated the subject accordingly, so as to adapt it to the most ordinary comprehensions. Friburg, in Brisgau, 1533.
Lat.

R. O.
1599. William Glover to Queen Anne.
Once a messenger of Christ came to me, and commanded me to take a message to you, but I did not believe him. In three nights he came again, and I said I would do it, "if he were personally," fearing he was my ghostly enemy. In three nights he came again, in "angel form," and I promised to take the message, which was, "That you should have been quene of Inglande 10 yeres past." I left it with John Averey, master of the flagons to the King. When you had become Queen he bade me let it alone, but told Dr. Bruton of the message. After your Grace's coronation the messenger came again, and bade me tell you that you were with child. He said you were at Windsor, and went with a "woman [child] whiche shulde [be a prin]ces of the land." I told this to Dr. Bruton, and told him also that your Grace should be delivered of your burden at Greenwich. Dr. Bruton then wrote about it to Mr. Gwynne, your chaplain. Mr. Gwynne brought your almoner with him to me ; but I was loth to tell them, and lay there three days. Now again the messenger has come to me, and commanded me to go or write to you, or else his master, Christ, would "stryke." Signed : William Glover, "dwelling with Sir Henry Wyatt."
Hol., large paper, p. 1.

Harl. MS. 6,148, f. 77 b. B. M.
1600. Henry Lord Morley to Ralph [Morice?]
"Fellow Raf." Asks him to move the archbishop of Canterbury that there may be a stay concerning the priest who occupies the chantry of Harloo ; also to procure an audience of the Archbishop for his servant, who has 'a letter for his Grace, which [Morice] can see, but he must return it to the servant, who will tell him the matter more fully. Markehall, &c. Your friend, H. M.
Copy from Cranmer's Letter Book, p. 1.

Harl. MS. 6,148, f. 77. B. M.
1601. [Ralph Morice to Cranmer.]
On Friday last I received a letter from lord Morley, to be sent on to you, and certain credence by his servant. Your Grace will soon perceive the effect of his letter ; and the credence is to the effect that the bishop of London will not willingly tender the report of the most honest men of the parish there, specially when he is once sinisterly reported unto, but will rather stiffly regard the malice of some one or two persons than the verity itself. Lord Morley, therefore, requests you to send letters to command the parties to cease their suit till your audience examines the truth thereof, and that soon, as it is thought that tumult will arise from the people taking parties therein. Lord Morley has asked me to send him word of your pleasure. Your lodging and household at Mortelaque is in good condition, though some evil-disposed persons on Friday night stole certain surplices and other ornaments out of the church. The things were not of as great value as perhaps they expected.
Copy from Cranmer's Letter Book, p. 1.

Royal MS. 18 B. VI. 36. B. M.
1602. [James V. to Clement VII.]
"[Beatissim]e pater, devotam ad pedes beatos obedientiam. Cupit ... er venerandus senio literaturaque sacerdos, Willelmus Prestoun, ... certus vit supremus dies capellaniam infra parochiam ... e Mussilburgh divo Niniano sacram quam vocant Camme ... [cum p]rediis proventibusque ecclesiasticis ei pertinentibus familiari [nostro] ... [Tai]llefer eruditione et rerum experimento atque ingenii candore ... [con]spicuo resignare. Est autem capellani dominus ... ius a Craigmillo dominus ; verum is patronatus consensu ... en negat. At quoniam Laurentius flicis memori patri nostro ... t fidem exhibuit servitutem nobis eandem prstet graviter ... magis rogamus ut in hac tantum causa jure patronatus ... [v]elit, et ex speciali Sedis A postolic gratia per designationem ... anus Sanctitatis vestr ad prmissam capellaniam cum ecclesia, prdiis, cterisque juribus Laurentio pleno jure co ... Willelmo quoad vixerit proventus omnes una cum ... gressu decedente Laurentio reserventur. Plusculum ... supra juris rigorem desideramus expectamusque ... Clemente impetratum, tu beatissime pater ..." Edinburgh, 1533.
Copy, mutilated.

R. O.
1603. [Henry VIII. to Sir Brian Tuke.]
Whereas Anthony Bonvixi, merchant of Luke, and others, stand bound to sundry persons to our use in 19 obligations remaining in your custody, for 8,062l. 10s. 6d., whereof 147l. 16s. 1d. shall be payable in June 1535, and in Sept. of the same year 2,080l. 19s. 9d., others falling due at various dates between that and Jan. 1539 : we desire, for the further surety thereof, that if the said Ant. Bonvyxo hereafter bring to you any persons having lands in England, and willing to be bound to our use for any of the said sums, that you, with the advice of Chr. Hales, our general attorney, Baldwin Malyet, our solicitor, and Thos. Cromwell, one of our councillors, shall receive mortgages from them at 20 years' purchase.
Draft, corrected by Cromwell, pp. 3.

R. O.
1604. [Henry VIII. to .]
Wishes the lease of Heigham, Kent, belonging to St. John's College, Camb., to be granted to Gennys, sergeant of the Pastry, and not to Ric. Rawnschawe, for whom he wrote before. Did not know of his former letters for Gennys, nor those of the Queen, duke of Norfolk, Mr. Crumwell, and the bishop of Rochester, chancellor of the University there, in his favor.
Draft, pp. 2. Endd.

Nero, B. VI. 1. B. M.
1605. [Antonius Laudus Florentinus (fn. 2) ] to Henry VIII. (fn. 3)
Asks for licence to return to his own country. Came hither six months ago with gems and other objects of value, which he showed to the King, but without result. Caused lately an ornament for the head, set with pearls and gems, to be shown to the King by Sir Francis Brian, being similar to a necklace which the King had previously bought. It would be a loss to take the price which the King offers for it. Begs him to give more. 870l. would leave no profit, but he would rather take 30l. or 50l. less, and have licence to depart.
Lat., pp. 2. Add. : Al serenissimo Re.

R. O.
1606. Sir Robert Wingfield.
Petition of Wm. Sybronde, late servant to Sir Robt. Wingfield, to Cromwell, as one of the Privy Council, showing that while on his master's business he was attacked by thieves, and 46l. of his master's money taken from him. That, fearing his master's cruelty, he fled to sanctuary, having in his possession 94l. which he had received by his master's commandment of one man and 10l. of another. That he took with him the 10l., of great necessity, into sanctuary, but left the 94l. in London to his master's use. That if he had been untrue, he had often property in his custody, both of his master and of his brother, Mr. Speaker, Sir Humphrey Wingfield, as no doubt Mr. Speaker will testify. At Mr. Speaker's suit to his brother he was fetched out of sanctuary, and discharged, on condition that he would be bound for the money that was taken from him at days set by himself. To this he agreed, and gave his master a letter of "lyssaunce," which remained in his master's hand three months for signature, when he sent it over to the petitioner unsigned, and the bearer of it warned him that Sir Robert intended to trouble him again. He, therefore, fled to sanctuary again, and has remained there ever since Michaelmas, making many suits to his master, in which the Council at Calais have interceded for him. Begs Cromwell to write to his master in his favor.
Large paper, p. 1. Endd.
R. O. 2. A fragment on another piece of paper, giving particulars of the robbery.

R. O.
1607. Richard Cowper to Henry VIII.
Representing that in Cheshire lately, one Master Keffyn, a priest of Oswestry, told him that he had seen and handled, in the city of Chester, a unicorn's horn, which he believed to be the King's, and which Dr. Aleyn, now bishop of Develyn, took with him into Ireland. There is great substance of tanned leather unmarked in the city of Chester, about to be shipped in Biscayan and other vessels. Randolph Brereton, deputy chamberlain there, keeps a tan-house ; and, that he may utter leather tanned contrary to law, will not allow any leather to be marked. When the mayor ordered certain tanners to prison because they would not let him search and mark their leather, Brereton had them removed by corpus cum causa out of the mayor's jurisdiction, and set them at liberty. Brereton oppresses the King's subjects, and defrauds the customs. William Slede, a justice of Chester, takes fees of both parties, and levies 1d. on every ton of merchandise coming and going, whereas only 5d. is paid at other places for the whole entry of every ship.
P. 1, broad sheet. Endd.

R. O.
1608. Lady Lisle.
Parcels bought for the right honorable lady Lyle in Bawmis mart, 1533.
20 ells black velvet jenes, at 11s. ; 2 ells cloth of gold, at 34s. ; 7 ells white damask, at 6s. ; 1 ells white satin, 9s. ; 11 ells black satin, at 7s. My said Lady owes me for stuff bought in the Synxon mart, 28l. 16s. 7 g. Total, 50l. 18s. 1 g. Fl. = 38l. 3s. 6d. st. ; whereof 10l. was paid to Ric. Cony. Item, for 20 ells velvet, 7l. 15s. Total, 35l. 18s. 6d. st.
P. 1. Add. : My lady Lisle.

R. O.
1609. The Royal Household.
"Remembrances."
1. That the King's pleasure be known what allowance be made to every gentleman and page discharged from their "rooms." 2. That the masters of the household have not the power to appoint places for the waiters to dine and sup. 3. Touching the exclusion of vagabonds from the court. 4. Whether any loan-money should be advanced for payment of the charges of the household. 5. To know who shall have their salaries paid monthly or quarterly. 6. To advertise the lords of the Council that no more allowance is given to purveyors when riding out than 5d. a day for him and his horse, which is sufficient. 7. Also, that the allowance made to the household servants when sick is but 2s. 6d. a week for a gentleman, 1s. 6d. for a yeoman, 1s. 2d. for a groom, and 1s. for a page, which is not sufficient.
P. 1. Endd.

Add. MS. 9,835, f. 11 b. B. M.
1610. The Court.
Proclamation ordering all vagabonds to leave the court, and forbidding officers to allow any followers of the court about their rooms.
Proclamation forbidding Londoners to enter the gates of the houses where the King and Queen are staying, and forbidding the servants of the court to go to London and return to the court.
Copies, pp. 2.

Harl. MS.
589, f. 244. B. M.
1611. Diets Of Household.
The diet of Master Cofferer, Mr. Clerk Comptroller, and Clerk of the Kitchen.
Dinner.Sunday till Thursday : beef, mutton, pig, goose or other dish, veal or pork, bakemeat. Friday and Saturday : ling, salmon, white, and plaice. Reward : conies, pigeons, tarts or fritters, soles or flounders.
Supper.Sunday till Thursday : mutton boiled or beef leached, roast mutton, hen or pullet, lamb, coney, or other dish. Friday and Saturday : ling, salmon, white, plaice or other fish. Reward : dowcets, wild fowl, tart or other bakemeat.
For dinner and supper.Bread, wine, and ale.
Total for the week, 1l. 4s. 7d.
Liveries of bread and ale in the morning, afternoon, and at night, 9d. a day.
The diet of ladies is the same as the preceding ; and that of gentlemen and gentlewomen is 18s. 5d. a week.
Pp. 3.

Royal MS. 7 F. XIV. No. 11. B. M.
1612. The Mint.
"Estimate of the value of certain plate to be delivered to the Mint to be coined."
3,775 oz. of gold "of the infra," at 40s. the oz. ; 28,116 oz. "in unces gilt of the infra," at 4s. 2d. ; 4,082 oz. "in unces parcel-gilt and white," at 3s. 8d. ; 163 oz. of gold, 2,959 oz. of gilt plate, and 63 oz. parcel-gilt and white, from the Lady Dowager, 956l. 10s. 11d. ; 100 oz. gold, 2359 oz. gilt plate, 108 oz. parcel-gilt and white, from the Lady Mary, 711l. 10s. 7d. ; 90 oz. gold, 2,994 oz. gilt plate, 2,262 oz. parcel-gilt and white, from the duke of Richmond, 1,218l. 11s. 6d.
Total, 17,008l. 13s. 2d.
P. 1. Endd.
I. b. ii. Similar account, probably an enclosure in the above.
Total, 17,006l. 18s. 2d.
P. 1. Endd.

Royal MS. 7 C. XVI. 78. B. M.
1613. Bonds to the King.
"Debts remaining upon sundry obligations to the King's use."
The names of the debtors are as follows :John Patterton, Ric. Turke, Peter Lighame, LL.D., John Danestre, Wm. Knyght, the bishop of Winchester, the archbishop of York, Sir Wm. Fitzwilliam, treasurer of the Household, the bishop of Bath, the prior of St. Bartholomew's, the bishop of Hereford, John Bothe, clk., Humfrey Ogle, clk., David Walker, prebendary of Barstenshame, the archbishop of Dublin, the bishop of Lincoln, Ric. Blythe, treasurer of Lichfield cathedral, Sir Thos. Seymour, Rowland Hill, citizen and mercer of London, Thos. duke of Norfolk, Wm. Mokk, rector of Foston, Robt. Cokkett of Bolton Percy, Ric. Southwell, Thos. Darcy, the prior of Huntingdon, the abbot of Mochelney, John Pakington, the prior of Mountegewe, Jas. Griffith ap Howell, Walter Bowles, and Roger Horton, goldsmith, of London. The dates at which they are payable range from 24 Hen. VIII. to 35 Hen. VIII.
Old debts to the King :Abbot and convent of St. Alban's, payable in 1521. Sir Thos. Tempest, Sir John Savyle, and Thos. Fitzwilliam, payable 2 Hen. VII. Thos. Hennage.
Lat., pp. 4.

R. O.
1614. Ludgate Prison.
Petition to Cromwell, as one of the King's council, by "the poor citizens prisoners in Ludgate," complaining of injuries inflicted on them by Thos. Hollande, keeper of the prison, contrary to the articles contained in the table for the good rule and quietness of the said prisoners, viz. :
1. That whereas he is bound to take no more of any prisoner for a feather bed with blankets, sheets, and coverlets than one penny a night ; yet if there lie two or three in one bed he takes a penny of each. He also exacts a halfpenny a night of each man where three lie in a couch, instead of a penny a week ; for he says his couches are beds. It were better for us that the couches lay on the floors, and the bedsteads were taken away, so that we might bring in our own beds, for the room there is sufficient for 10 or 12 couches ; but as the keeper has his pleasure with his couches and other costs, a prisoner coming in for 10s. will soon owe the master 20s. or more.
2. The keeper distributes the alms given to comfort us prisoners at his own discretion, and retains so much in payment of the debts we owe him that we get little or nothing.
3. The keeper uses the women's ward to wash bucks in, by which the whole house is annoyed, and the women constrained to pay 3d. a night for chambers, contrary to the table.
4. Whereas every freeman is allowed by the table to bring in his bed or couch freely : the keeper "appointeth them to a vile place, called the Lumbardy," to the annoyance of those that lie there.
5. Every prisoner going abroad has to pay the keeper 8d. a day, and find the keeper's servants in meat and drink, who force him to spend largely at taverns, so that it costs him 18d. or 20d. a day, and at night 2d. is required of him for his supper.
6. Whereas the poor prisoners used to have "in the hole under gate" a prisoner elected by themselves to ask alms for them : the keeper will suffer none there, because he says the hole is not strong enough, though he has enough money by the house to amend it.
7. The keeper will not provide small beer for the prisoners, but drives them to drink good ale, to their great cost ; moreover, it is brewed and mingled by the tapster by night, and not wholesome ; nor do they give fair measure. "And if any man show the tapster his evil demeanour in that behalf, then he is ready to be wroken and to fight with them, and haleth and pulleth the poor men by the heads."
8. He sells them faggots at d. each, and will not provide coals at 1d. a bushel according to the table, nor allow prisoners to send out and buy faggots for themselves.
9. If any be sick, and call for drink in the night, they are not attended to, and some have died from this cause.
10. When in an ill temper he draws the men out of their beds or puts them in irons without mercy.
11. If a prisoner's wife come to see him, and she be a pretty woman, he will by crafty means "labor to fulfil his foul lust."
Large paper, pp. 5.

R. O.
1615. Engrossers.
Draft bill (fn. 4) in favor of A. B. C. D. to be appointed the King's officers "for the true making of deeds, indentures," &c., in London, many actions having been caused by the forgeries of "evil-disposed, unthrifty, and covetous persons." The "said two officers" are to seal (with a seal appointed by the King) and subscribe every deed they draw up, and their fees to be as follows ; viz., for engrossing 3 lines 10 inches long or under 4 lines, on parchment, 1d. ; above 4 lines, 2d. ; 4 lines on paper, 1d. ; above 5 lines, 2d. And they are to receive to the King's use for every obligation and acquittance, 1d. ; for every pair of indentures of bargain and sale of lands, 4d. ; every pair of indentures of other covenants, 2d. ; deed of lands, 4d. ; release of lands, 4d. ; will, 4d. ; letter of attorney, 1d. ; testimonial, 1d. ; and for all other writings sealed with the King's said seal, 1d. An account is to be given yearly of the money received to the King's use.
Large paper, pp. 3. Endd. : For Rastall (?) and Martin Pyrry.

R. O.
1616. The King's Game.
"Item, remember that Roger Holboro did kill a great hart on they (the) Ascencion evy[n] was twylmond." He hunts and kills daily, and says he will, and has indicted many of your fellows because they took him to your master. He sues your master for "pryssyng" (prisoning) him, though he was not in ward an hour, and has had many of your fellows before "they prynys Consell." By his example the King's game is destroyed. Therefore desire Mr. Cromwell from me to get him committed to the Tower.
P. 1. Endd.

R. O.
1617. Smuggling.
Petition of William Bradford [to Cromwell], complaining of Rob. Milner and Will. Moothe, merchants of Lynne, who loaded certain coal in a keel, and abused the searchers.
P. 1. Begins : Pleaseth it your Mastership. Endd. : Petition of Will. Bradford.

R. O.
1618. Church Furniture.
Garnishing a staff for the "rectour cory" (rector chori), 117 oz. Garnishing a staff gilt with pommels, 127oz. 8 gilt pommels for the white garnishing for a cross, 96 oz. 3 crosses, gilt, with an image of Our Lord on each, 234 oz. Garnishing for a "pystler bowke," with an image of St. Paul on one side, 183 oz. 3 q. The garnishing of the Gospeller book with the Passion, and Mary and John, on one side, 193 oz. 1 q. Total, 952 oz.
Garnishing for cross staves, which contain 8 pieces, 119 oz. 3 q.
P. 1. Endd.

R. O.
1619. Parcels Of Gold Plate.
A bowl, chased and garnished with red and white roses crowned, 84 oz. A bowl with white and red roses on the foot and cover, 128 oz. A cup with a cover chased rocky, 61 oz. A cup with the King's arms borne up by two naked boys, 61 oz. A layer, garnished with stone and pearl, having a lion on the top of the cover, 65 oz. A salt with dragons and greyhounds, 50 oz. A cruse, with roses and pomegranates, 15 oz. A gold spoon, 3 oz.
Total, 469 oz., at 45s. the oz., and workmanship = 1,055l. 16s. 3d.
Two copies, pp. 2. Endd.

R. O.
1620. Kendal.
Articles concerning the infringements by the earl of Cumberland of the liberties used in the lordship and barony of Kendal, Westmor., to the injury of the duke of Richmond and the disturbance of the tenants.
Under color of being sheriff of Westmoreland, the Earl has lately held the sheriff's turn within the lordship of Kendall, (fn. 5) and distrained certain tenants for fines, though he has no authority even to hold the turn. He has had the tenants fined at the court of the said county for not doing suit to the same, though they ought to do no such suit there. His officers execute writs there, which power is granted to the duke of Richmond by Parliament. Debts under 40s., and such matters, have always been tried in the lordship before the Steward, but the Earl causes his servants to distrain the tenants for such plaints to the Sheriff Court. They punish offences committed at fairs and markets ; which they have no right to do. He has wrongfully indicted the Steward for punishing tenants who have offended against the customs, as has been done for time out of mind. His officers take away all felons' goods, waifs, and estrays. He has infringed the liberties in many other ways ; and though the King lately wrote to him to reform the premises, he and his officers have done worse than before.
Pp. 2. Endd.

Harl. MS. 2,101, f. 24. B. M. Dugd. Mon. IV. 315.
1621. [Chester.]
The Gabull rents which the sheriffs [of Chester] are charged with, set forth in the time of Henry Gee, mayor 1533, 25 Hen. VIII.
The Bridge Street :The prioress and sisters of the Nuns, for liberties given unto them, 20s. The prioress, for a garden, 18d. ; for land lying within their house, 10s.
Copy, p. 1.

R. O.
1622. Marwell Park.
Grant by Stephen bishop of Winchester, to Ric. Crumwell and Sir Lionell Noreys, of the keepership of Marwell Park, Hants.
Lat., corrected draft, pp. 2.

R. O.
1623. Cromwell and Paulet.
Sir Will. Powlett, controller of the Household, and Thos. Cromwell, Master of the [Jewels]. To be surveyor of woods in the duchy of Lancaster, during pleasure.
Corrected draft, on paper roll of two sheets. Imperfect. Endd. : "A copy of the King's letters patents to Sir William Powlett and to my master for the surveyorship of the King's woods."

R. O.
1624. Cromwell and Ralph Sadler.
Grant by Sir Edw. Aston, of Tyksall, Staff., to Thomas Crumwell, Master of the King's Jewels, of an annual rent of 40s. from the manor of Ashstedon, Surrey.
Copy, large paper, pp. 2.
ii. The above grant is altered in another hand so as to became a draft grant from Hill, clk., to Ralph Sadleyer, of a 40s. rent out of all his lands.
R. O. 2. Fair copy of ii.
Pp. 2, large paper. Endd.

R. O.
1625. Cromwell Papers.
Drafts of portions of letters in his hand, as follows :
i. After most hertye salutacyons, this shalbe [to] thanke yow of your exceding lovyng kyndnes shewyd in the dylygent wryting to me of your newse. And according to your request, I presentyd your lettres unto my lorde of Norffolkes grace, who I assure yow ys singuler good lorde unto yow. And wher ye wryt in your fyrst lettres ...
ii. Mem.That Maister Kendall, chauntrye preeste of the chauntrye founded in Barkyng churche, may optayne my lorde of Londons favour in the resignacyon of the sayd chauntrye unto Sir William Cowplande my freind ...
iii. Thus fare ye hertelye well, trusting that ye will persevere as ye have begonn, I meane so freindlye and secretlye as thes thinges that shall passe between us may be proffytable to us bothe, so that your wryting matyers of gravyte and importaunce wherin maye be persayved good will myxyd with wisdom and trowthe, I then may have corage as an entyere frende to prosecute for your furderaunce and advancement, with recuperacyon of that which I am sure ye most desyre, which, as I shall see opportunyte, I will not undowtedlye forget. And ons agayn fare well, daylye lokyng for answer.
Pp. 2.
R. O. 2. Memoranda.
Two lists of names in parallel columns, apparently for some commission :
i. Sir Thos. Audeley. Thos. earl of Rutland. Wm. prior of St. John of Jerusalem. Sir Wm. Fitzwilliam, jun. Sir John Dawnce. Sir Thos. Nevell. Sir Bryan Tuke. Sir John Aleyn. Thos. Crumwell. (fn. 6) Sir Ant. Browne. Thos. Hennedge. Roger Cholmeley. Robt. Wrothe. John Baker. Robt. Chesman.
ii. Thos. Audel[ey]. Thos. earl of Wiltshire. Geo. Nevil lord Abergavenny. Sir Wm. Fitzwilliam. Chr. Hales. Sir Thos. Nevell. Sir Thos. Cheynee. Sir Edw. Guldford. Sir Ant. Browne. (fn. 7) Sir Ric. Walden. Sir Wm. Hawte. Sir John Norton. Sir John Scott. John Hales. Thos. Willowhbye. Thos. Crumwell. Hen. Norreys. Geo. Guldford. John Baker. Ant. Seyntleger. Wm. Draper. Walter Henley.
P. 1. In Cromwell's hand. Endd.
R. O. 3. Cromwell to [the Officers of Customs].
The King desires that Rob. Bonvell, merchant of Paris, should come to England with certain jewels, of which he desires you to make a special note by bills indented between you and the said merchant, mentioning every parcel thereof, and declaring what the custom should amount to, without charging him, but only taking surety that, if he sell any, he shall pay the custom accordingly.
P. 1. Below is written : "The copy of Mr. Crumwell's letter, signed with his hand."
R. O. 4. Draft bill in Chancery by Ric. Croke, of London, goldsmith. On the back of which is a draft warrant, imperfect, apparently for a pension to Thos. Gylberd, gunner, for services done to the King at sea against the French and Scots, especially at the assault of the town of Moorlesse in Brittany, and in the burning of certain ships there, in which he was maimed and lost his sight.
Pp. 4. In Cromwell's hand.
R. O. 5. Indenture dated (fn. 8) 25 Hen. VIII. between Sir Thos. Rotherham and Cromwell, whereby the former sells to the latter the wardship of Thos. Rotherham, his son and heir apparent, now 15 years old, whom Cromwell will cause to be married to his niece Alice [Wellyfed?], (fn. 9) viz., daughter of [Elizabeth?] sister of the said Cromwell, with a settlement of lands in Schitlyngton, Kempston, and Houghton, Beds, to the yearly value of 100 marks.
Draft, large paper, pp. 13.
R. O. 6. Clause of a grant from the prior of St. John's to Thos. Crumwell, reserving the chapel and belfry built by Thos. Docwray, late prior, his predecessor, within the moat of a certain manor, with a kitchen, brewhouse, and dovecot, all which Crumwell promises to preserve.
Lat., p. 1. Endd.
R. O. 7. Grant by William Burrey, prior of Shullred (Shulbred), Sussex, to Thos. Crumwell, gent., of an annuity of 26s. 8d. out of the manor of B. in co. S.
Lat., Draft. p. 1. Large paper. Endd.

R. O.
1626. E. Amadas to Cromwell.
Begs him to be good master to her cousin the bearer, according to promise, and will give him 40l. London, Monday.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : To the right hon. Master Cromwell.

R. O.
1627. John Ardren.
Indenture, made 26 ... Hen. VIII., between John Ardren of ... York, on one part, and Th. Hennege on the other. The former grants to the latter the wardship and marriage of Peter Ardren, son and heir apparent of the said John. If Peter die during his minority, Hennege shall have the wardship and marriage of Raffe, second son of the said John ; and, if Raffe die, the same of John the third son. Margery, wife of the said John Ardren, sen., to have for her jointure lands to the annual value of 10l., during her life.
Draft in Wriothesley's hand, corrected by Cromwell, pp. 10, large paper. Endd.
*** This document has been largely corrected. It was originally an indenture between Sir Wm. Skeffington, master of the Ordnance, and Th. Cheney of Hawghton, Sussex, whereby the latter sold to the former, for 50l., the wardship and marriage of his son and heir apparent, Thomas, who was to be married to one of the daughters of Skeffington, "or to some other honest young gentlewoman." If his ward died, Skeffington was to have the wardship and marriage of William, the second son ; and, if William died, the same of the third son. Agnes, wife of the said Thomas Cheney, sen., to have for her jointure lands to the annual value of 20 marks, during her life.

R. O.
2. Memoranda of deeds, viz. :
A bargain and sale from John Ardren of the manor of Belthorp ; a deed of feoffment and a release from the recoverers to Sir Wm. Fitzwilliam and others to the use of Thos. Hennage ; a release from the feoffees of Thos. Perpoynt to the use of Thos. Hennege ; a fine with proclamation against John Ardren and Margery his wife ; a release with warranty from John Ardren and his heirs, with warranty to be inrolled ; to have from Sir Wm. Constable a marriage indenture between him and John Ardren ; a release from Sir W. Constable and others enfeoffed according to the said indenture ; to have from Eldercarre the indenture of covenants of marriage. A release from Elecare.

R. O.
1628. Elizabeth Askewe, of Edmonton, widow.
Her petition to Cromwell as one of the King's council, complaining of her son Rob. Askewe, of Enfeld, husbandman, of whom she held a farm, and who, for anger that she had left it, and gone to live with her other son, John Askewe, has taken away a quantity of the farm produce.
P. 1. Endd.

R. O.
1629. James Bacon, of London, Alebrewer.
Petition to Cromwell touching the abduction of a young woman from his service, praying him to call before him Henry Gattysford, of London, fustian shearer, and Rob. Folses, barber, sanctuary-man, and examine them thereupon.
P. 1. Headed : To the right worshipful Mr. Cromwell, one of the King's most honorable Council. Endd.

R. O.
1630. Thomas Baldry to Cromwell.
Petition. Has been in prison for two years and a quarter, at the suit of Richard Sparre, for mercery. Complains of one Thos. Davy, who by indirect means had prevented him from raising the money to pay his creditor by withholding his goods.
Pp. 2. Add. at head : One of the King's Council. Endd.

R. O.
1631. Edward Besteney to Cromwell.
Thanks him for favors. Ought to have sent him some dainties, but could get no fowls. Desires to have licence for one to shoot in a cross-bow and a little gun, as he is much annoyed by "wyldges" (wild geese) and "barnagies" in his pastures. If he had a gun he might fray them away, and have fowl to send to Cromwell at all times. Will defray any charges Cromwell may be at. From Soham.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Master Cromwell.

R. O.
1632. Barnaby Blagge to Cromwell.
Calls to his remembrance a conversation in which Cromwell had said "Blagge, how do you? You had a great loss of your office." (fn. 10) I answered "I content with patience." You said, "Blagge, you had never lost that office but for my causing." I said, "I marvel, sithen that my father never offended you, nor yet I." In the end you promised you would do the best that might be for me. Now that God has called you to great promotion, I request you to get my bill signed by the King, and hope no back friends will induce you to withdraw your aid in my great poverty. This is the first time I attempted you. From Clerkenwell.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Councillor.

R. O.
1633. William Blechynden, prisoner in the Fleet, to Cromwell.
Laments his woful and bitter chance in having offended not only his prince, but God. Implores Cromwell, for the love of God, to find some means to deliver him from this wretched life, "which I must needs, notwithstanding, confess to be good for me." Was never before false to the value of a halfpenny, and did not this for need ; but the Devil enticed him, on sight of the casket, to take it away, [meaning to] deliver it again, which he could not do for shame. Could not be merry while he had it in keeping.
Hol., pp. 3. Add. : One of the King's Council.

R. O.
1634. John Bothe to Cromwell.
Finds it true that the King is displeased with him, as he told Cromwell he suspected. On coming to Court, brought letters to divers of the Privy Chamber from the abbot of Chester, to intercede with the King that the writer might have a piece of ground belonging to his monastery ; but the King replied that he had living enough, and more than he was worth. Implores Cromwell to speak a good word for him.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Of the King's Council. Endd.

R. O.
1635. Humphrey Broun to Cromwell.
You spoke to me for my house and land at Waltham. If I may have a little house called Alderbroke, once belonging to Heron, I would be content, if it be of the like value. You told me the King's pleasure was that I should have some preference for it. Would like to be one of the King's serjeants. My lord of Wiltshire and my lord of Rocheford are my good friends.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : To the right worshipful Mr. Cromwell. Endd.

R. O.
1636. John Chambreleyne.
Petition to Cromwell, as one of the King's Council, to protect him against Thos. Fysh and others, who threaten him for having caused the arrest of Sir George, the parish priest of Keterynge, in accordance with Cromwell's letters of commandment, which he delivered to Pyndar and Rob. Lyne. John Lane also encouraged the priest, talking to him apart, and going in his behalf to Mr. Montagewe, serjeant-at-law.
Large paper, p. 1.

R. O.
1637. Thomas Colles to Cromwell.
Petition of Thomas Colles, of Cley nigh the seaside, in Norf., freemason, a prisoner in Ludgate, London, at the suit of Nich. Hecker, of London, fishmonger, complaining that his imprisonment had been procured by maintenance of Ralph Symonds, of Clay, who attempted to wrest from him certain lands holden of the King and the earl of Rutland, with the aid of Robert Jermyn, bailiff of Clay. These men have made forcible entry on his lands, and have created a grudge against him on the part of the earl of Rutland and Sir Will. Paston, on account of "aporpas pygge" taken before Colles's door, which Sir John Heydon desired to have.
Pp. 2, large paper. Add. : Of the King's Council.

R. O.
1638. John Copynger to Cromwell.
Wishes to have to himself and his heirs the keepership of Chestonwoode, Kent, being born in that country, and his lands near it.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Of the King's Council. Sealed.

R. O.
1639. John Copynger to Cromwell.
Wishes a grant of a benefice in the diocese of Ely, called Wethersett, for one of his kinsmen, not much above 20 marks.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Of the Council.

R. O.
1640. Sir William Courtney.
Instructions to Mr. Crumwell from Sir Will. Courtenay.
To speak to the King to appoint some one to view the park of North Pederton, Soms., for his grant thereof to be made to Sir Will. Courtenay and his heirs. Signed : Rychard Pollard.
P. 1, in Pollard's handwriting. Add. : Of the Jewel-house.

R. O.
1641. John Creke to Cromwell.
I beg you to help me in my extreme need. I am in this adversity by my negligence, as I did not in time "forloke" my business, and I have no help from friends I had in prosperity. You have often said you would not see me cast away. If you see anything convenient, have me in your remembrance. I should be glad if you could get me a loan of 1,000l. from the King for seven years, to give 100l. a year in custom during that term, and find sureties. This would set me clear of debt and enable me to maintain my wife and children during my life. The King has, in times past, been good to strangers in like matters without any condition of profit. Excuses his boldness in writing. Is so abashed in Cromwell's presence that he cannot open his griefs, "which I do marvel of, for the like I am not before the presence of no man."
Hol., pp. 2. Add. : Of the King's Council. Endd.

R. O.
1642. John Creke to Cromwell.
By the labor of Sir John Russell to lord Mongew, also [to] the Queen's almoner and her receiver, was appointed to be admitted her gentleman usher last Easter ; but the Queen has stated that she will take no servants till such time as she may be more in quietness than now she is. If the writer will tarry the time, he will be the first that shall be preferred. Thinks if he waited he would lose much time. Would be glad to be taken into Cromwell's service. Would be glad to live with honesty away from all vanities of the world. If Cromwell cannot comply, begs for a recommendation to Mr. Treasurer.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Of the King's Council.

R. O.
1643. Thomas Crofte to Cromwell.
Reminds him of his promise to further the writer's suits. "A neighbour of mine, the which hath been a suitor now sithens Lent to a servant of the archbishop of York for an office that the said Bishop's servant hath of the King's gift hath put me out of." This has been to his no little grief, as he was reported to have obtained it by Cromwell's help. Desires credence for the bearer.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Of the King's Council. Endd.

R. O.
1644. Anthony Dunryche to [Cromwell].
Pleaseth it your Mastership to be advertised of a matter for the King's advantage.
"At your commandment, Anthoni Dunryche, at St. Dunstan's-in-the East."
Endd.

R. O.
1645. Richard Dycher, Goldsmith, to Cromwell.
Supplication of the above as prisoner in Newgate, asking his intercession with the King for the safeguard of his life, else he is utterly cast away. Begs to be put in a little shop at home, in Cromwell's occupation. He will be willing to do all such work as belongs to a goldsmith, and for 20 nobles a year to mend his plate and ornaments.
P. 1. Add. at the head : Of the Council.

R. O.
1646. William Dynham to Cromwell.
Notwithstanding my daily attendance since Monday last, owing to the importance of your affairs, I have not been able to speak with you, and therefore I have put my suit in writing. I request favor for my poor father as one who ought not to be returned upon the precept to take up his knighthood. He is willing to bear any reasonable burden for his Prince, such as others bear of 40l. land. He has hitherto borne many impositions beyond his ability, and has children to support. Secondly, I desire the answer of Mr. Wyse of Sydenham's letters, who is in danger without your favor, by the suit of Will. Schylston, a man lately so endangered to the King's laws as, but for a pardon, he had not lived to vex Mr. Wyse, whom he has outlawed for certain goods of his that Wyse bought of Haidon, of Lyffton, in Devonshire. His son-in-law, one Whiddon, of the Inner Temple, has issued a capias utlagatum. I beg you will speak to Sir Will. Courteney, sheriff of Devonshire, (fn. 11) in Wyse's behalf, or commit it to Sir Thos. Denise.
Hol., pp. 2. Add. at the head : Of the King's most hon. Council. Endd.

R. O.
1647. Thomas Emson to Cromwell.
I heard lately from the "gardonesse" of the Fleet that 20l., part of 300l. for the bargain of Chalocke, which I left with her, is now, to my comfort, come to your hands. I should have presented this my petition to you in person, but I have not been able to leave my lodging for a month. Give your helping hand to reform the award by you made, as it would be perilous to me. Peruse the petition touching the same which my sister presented to you. Signed.
P. 1. Add. : Of the Council.

R. O.
1648. John Eton to Cromwell.
Petition that whereas he has been gentleman usher to the King more than six years : on some evil surmises he had been committed to the Tower of London, 12 weeks last past. He is so straitly kept in evil air that neither his wife nor his friends are allowed to visit him. For the space of 10 days of the said time, on sufficient sureties found by him, and by obligation to Sir Edmond Walsingham in 600 marks, to be paid at a certain day, he was suffered to go at his liberty in the precincts of the Tower, where, by the surmises of his enemies, he has since been restrained. Desires that his imprisonment may be enlarged under sufficient sureties.
P. 1. Add. at the head : Of the King's Council. Endd.

R. O.
1649. John Goldesmyth to [Cromwell].
Whereas it has pleased the Lord Chancellor, at your command, to commit me to the Fleet until further knowledge be had of a certain deed written by me at the instance of John Hiett, servant of the bishop of Lincoln : so it is that a year and a half ago the said John brought me a precedent in paper, desiring it might be written verbatim in parchment, and he offered me 8d. for my pains, as is known to the Bishop's servants now in the city, who were instant with me for the same. Except for this writing I am entirely innocent, and therefore I desire to be released. My mother is not able to help me or herself. It is my misfortune to incur your displeasure for certain light offences (but herein I have not offended), for which you have cast me into prison.
Hol., p. 1. Begins : Right worshipful Sir.

R. O.
1650. John Goodall to Cromwell.
Ten years ago I was induced to leave Cambridge in order to instruct young people, and stayed in Essex five years, and saved a little money. The last five years I read with an English student. As every one desires to be under a patron, I apply to you.
Hol., Lat., p. 1. Add. at the head : Splendidissimo viro, necnon prudentissimo, Thom Cromwello.

R. O.
1651. George Gravener, of Lylleshill, Salop, to Cromwell.
Complains that the abbot of Lylleshill, about three years past, made advances to Eliz. his wife, which she resisted ; and, understanding that she had informed her husband, the Abbot commanded him to avoid his mansion belonging to the abbey, although he had duly paid his rent. The Abbot has taken forcible possession of the house, and troubled the petitioner by colorable writs. Begs that the Abbot, who is now in London, may be called before Cromwell.
Hol., p. 1. Add. at the head : Of the Council. Endd.

R. O.
1652. George Grey to Cromwell.
Wishes to know when Cromwell will be at the Court, as he desires to speak with him on divers matters. Sends a book for a remembrance. Standan, this Tuesday.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Of the King's Council.

R. O.
1653. Nicholas [Hancock], late of Christchurch, to Cromwell.
Trusts to Cromwell, next to the King, though he never has deserved his favor, which it is therefore the greater merit in Cromwell to bestow. "The pore woman askyd of Crist the smale crommys, et non totam massam, whereby her remedy folowyd. I not so moche askyng but that one gentyll crome well mynystred from your goodness, the hole pece to me nedes yt shall salve me fully." "Heretofore of your goodness I have had many hard words, them never deserving, God be my witness ; yet other words to certain of my religion of me by your mastership spoken, as they have reported, grieveth me much more ; whereby they dare not house ne keep me." It has cost me 40l. since I departed my place, having nowhere yet to rest in. You promised, in the honorable Mr. Alleyn's presence, to set me in good case for making a book of such things as you were in doubt of. I said nothing about my annuity being so small that I and mine cannot live thereon, as some have reported of me. I am very well content with it, and thankful to the King for his charitable gift to me his poorest chaplain, and also to you for getting my bill signed, and afterwards my annuity by patent sent to me by Mr. Richard Cromwell. I desire your acceptance of a small gift enclosed. I have sent divers times many evidences and writings by Jonson in boxes and bags, but have had no answer from you. Since my last coming to London there have been found in Jonson's house, he being dead, divers evidences which I gave him half a year ago to deliver to you. "He deceived me. And for because I doubt whereof he died, I send not them, but where your pleasure shall be they shall be delivered." I will be at your commandment day and night to go and speak to you. Keeps two servants on his annuity, besides his sister, her husband, their two children and servants. Prays for long life and health to the King and Queen and all their progeny.
P.S.If Cromwell think his gift enclosed insufficient, let him amend it, and the writer will put his seal to it.
Hol., pp. 2. Add. : Chancellor of the Exchequer.

R. O.
1654. Christopher Hales to Cromwell.
I am informed that the parsonage of Drayton Basset is fallen void, and that Sir John Dudley, and Robynson the mercer, are in contention for it ; and an inquisition has been taken de jure patronatus. As it belongs to the bishopric of Chester, it will fall to the King. Help me to the presentation for a friend of mine. It is not above 10l. a year.
The priest I would prefer is Sir Ric. Talbot.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Right worshipful.

R. O.
1655. Thomas Herbert, of Bristowe, to Cromwell.
Complains that whereas one Enderby, of Bristol, was robbed in his house at Laffordesgate, he has accused the petitioner. Sends a testimonial of his innocence, signed by 24 persons of the town. Has been thrown into Newgate at Bristol, and kept in irons some time, to the undoing of himself and his wife. Enderby has further commenced an action of surety of peace against the wife of the petitioner. As Cromwell is capital justice and governor of the said town, begs he will see justice done.
P. 1. Add. at the head : Of the Council. Endd.

R. O.
1656. Walter and William Herbert.
"A remembrance to the right honorable Mr. Cromwell, being one of the High Privy Council, of the first occasion and foundation of the malice and strife between Walter Herbart and William Herbart of that one party, and George ap Morgan of that other party."
This statement is furnished by Sir Will. Morgan, one of the Commissioners of the marches of Wales, and chief officer in the district, in corroboration of certain charges that he laid against Walter Herbert in the Star Chamber. He says that John Sisillt, Walter Herbert's servant, murdered one Roger D'd Tewe, in the town of Newport, South Wales, and that George ap Morgan, then one of the officers of Wenlocke and Newport, seized the murderer's goods as escheats to the King's use. On this Walter Herbert gathered a number of men. A breach of the peace was prevented for some time by Sir Will. Morgan and his friends ; but on the 23rd Feb. last, as the said George was uncoupling his own hound at Newport, William Herbert struck him in the arm into the body, so that he would have been in great danger had he not got into a house to save himself. Sir Will. Morgan issued a second injunction to both parties to keep the peace, under a penalty of 500l. ; but Will. Herbert, with an inordinate company, made another assault on George Morgan on the 27th Feb., when an honest man, John Thomas, was murdered.
Pp. 4, large paper. Endd.

R. O.
1657. Joachim Hochsteter to Cromwell.
Begs him not to forsake the cause of his servant, Angiolo di Milanese, who came with Hochsteter on his business, as Cromwell knows. Begs him urgently to promote his interests as if they were Cromwell's own. If money is required, Giovan Batista Ghualterotti will provide 1,000 angels. Signed.
Ital., p. 1. Add. : Al suo honorando Thomaso Chromuello, in Londra.

R. O.
1658. Joan Holme.
Petition to Cromwell, as one of the King's Council, of Joan Holme, widow, sister and heir of Thos. Harte, master gunner to the King, complaining that William Huxley, serjeant-at-[law], had forged a will, purporting to be that of Harte, and entered on his lands, which ought to descend to her as her brother's heir.
P. 1, large paper.

R. O.
1659. Edmund Horne to Cromwell.
I have received a privy seal to appear before you, and pay a fine for the order of knighthood, of which I spoke to you half a year ago at London, showing you that my land is not 5l. a year, and that we live upon my mother, and what my father-in-law is pleased to help us. Saresden, in Oxfordshire.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : One of the King's Councillors. Endd.

R. O.
1660. Roderick Jenkyns to Cromwell.
The said Jenkyns, being of Caermarthenshire, and in the Marshalsea at Cromwell's command for a long space, is like to be undone. He is "lx. score yeres" (sic), and more. Desires he may be examined on the points alleged against him, or have liberty on sufficient surety to return to his country, and sell his goods to pay his charges in prison.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Councillor. Endd.

R. O.
1661. Henry Knyvett to Cromwell.
Please get this bill sealed with the signet in your custody. I would have spoken to you yesterday, but my servant had trussed my coffer where the bill was. Unless you will be so much my friend as to write to my lord Chancellor, I shall not have so ready despatch as if you send him some token or letter by the bearer, to whom I have given sufficient money. Waltham, Wednesday morning.
Hol. Add. : Of the Council.
R. O. 1662. Sir John Lamplugh to Cromwell.
I have sent a letter by the bearer to show you how the King is esteemed in these parts. I beg you will give it your attention, as I will have the King feared here above all men. I know I shall have great "maggreth," but I shall endure it. Signed.
P. 1. Add. : Of the Council.

R. O.
1663. The Prior Of Little Malvern.
The complaint of John Peryns, of Herton, in the parish of Brameyard, Heref., to Cromwell, as of the Council, that John Bristowe, prior of Little Malvern, Worc., accompanied by Thos. Estnor and John Clifton, his monks, disguised with coats, swords, and bucklers, entered divers times Malvern Chace to murder and kill the King's deer, the skins of which were sold to John Glover, of Hidys Mill, Heref., tanner, for 40s. The Prior has also procured warrants against the petitioner for threatening him. Desires that the Prior may be called before the Privy Council.
Large paper, pp. 3.

R. O.
1664. Sir John Markham to Cromwell.
At my coming home it was reported that a friar Observant had preached certain sermons in the parish church of Newark, of a seditious and slanderous tendency. I enclosed the words in a schedule, and rode to the Prior's house ; and, calling him before me, in the presence of his warden and brethren I read them unto him, desiring to know whether they were his words or not. He admitted all, except four or five, which I have drawn through with a pen. I remit to your discretion what inconvenience will ensue if these men be suffered to preach and stir men in their confessions, considering their credit among the people.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Of the Council.

R. O.
1665. William Marshall to Cromwell.
At the time you sold to Nich. Stathum, mercer, your lease of Sutton in Kent, belonging to St. John's of Jerusalem in England, you promised him, in the house of Ric. Gresham, that you would cause the lord of St. John's to make him a new lease in his own name, more favorable to him than it had been to you. His Lordship and brethren are now assembled in chapter, and Stathum has caused me to draw in paper a copy of your lease in English, putting in his name instead of yours, and drawing a line under such clauses as he would have omitted. He desires you to procure a new lease for him, and, if his house had not lately been visited with sickness, would have come to you in person. Though he is bound to pay you for the lease a great sum of money, he is contented to take such pains for enlarging the lease as you think reasonable. The mill, which was wont to be yearly worth to the farmer four or five marks, is utterly decayed. The "pardon," which went for 5l. yearly, is also decayed.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Of the King's Council. Endd.

R. O.
1666. Richard Mastyr to Cromwell.
I am much bound to you for your great goodness in expediting my pardon, (fn. 12) for which I cannot recompense you. I send you two gold royals.
Hol., p. 1. Sealed. Add. : Of the King's Council. Endd.

R. O.
1667. John Mochet to Cromwell.
As cousin and heir of Harry Mochet, of Bovyngton, Herts, I beg you to take into your hands all the interest I have in the lordship of Bovyngton and the town of Berkhampstead, insomuch as Ric. Mochet, my grandfather, and Joan his wife, daughter and heir of Will. Prat, gave to Harry Mochet, their son, certain property described. The said Harry took to wife one Alice, and died without issue when I was an infant, and had no succour to maintain my rights, amounting in value to 6l. yearly. The said Alice married again one Will. Gate, by whose negligence John Gold obtained possession of the land, and held it for 29 years. Enters into other details concerning the property.
Hol., pp. 2. Add. at the head : Of the Council. Endd.

R. O.
1668. Morgan Ap Rice.
Petition to Cromwell, as Chancellor of the Exchequer, by Morgan Apprice, of Hackney, for restitution of a gelding, detained by Cromwell's servant Ric. Swyft. The petitioner lost it at Hackney, and claimed it afterwards for his own in Smithfield Market ; whereupon he brought an action against Swyft in the Guildhall, which the latter vexatiously got removed before the Lord Chief Baron and Cromwell in the Exchequer.
Large paper, p. 1, corrected draft. Endd.

R. O.
1669. The Town Of Newcastle-Upon-Tyne to Cromwell.
Great division arose among the burgesses of Newcastle in the election of a mayor, when the offenders were sent to the Tower, and the mode of election was determined by the Council. Describes the method of it, which continued in force till Mich. last, when Jas. Lawson, late mayor, with others, absented themselves, with a view to disturb the election, as, in default of 12 persons, according to the decree, no election could be had. Without them there are not in all our town so many freemen of the sort required. Desire some remedy may be found. Signed : Robert Brandlyng, mayr Edward Baxterand by five others.
P. 1. Add. : Of the King's Council.

Turner's Records of Oxford, 129.
1670. The Town Of Oxford to Cromwell. (fn. 13)
Complaining of the infringement of their liberties by the university, who suspend, accurse, and discommon those who disobey them. Beg that a commission may be made that the mayor and two aldermen and the commissary, with two of the most learned of the university, have power to hear and determine questions both of the townsmen and the university, till the King finally determine the liberties of the town.
Add. : Of the King's Council.

R. O.
1671. Robert Parker to Cromwell.
I have been called by many ways for goods lost. I have witness of many persons that they have come to light by the grace of Jesus Christ. I have knowledge from the Lord that the missing candlestick belonging to the King was taken away by Will. Hervy. Jesu preserve our lord the King and Anne the Queen, of the imperial crown of England.
Hol., p. 1. Begins : Master Cromwell.

R. O.
1672. Rowland Philipps, Prisoner, to Cromwell.
I pray you to have pity on the miserable condition I am in by reason of my restraint. I have many diseases incidental to age, and require continual counsel of surgeons, whom I cannot now have. I lack my common diet,which will shorten my life. As to this particular charge made against me, I forsake God if I intended any evil to any man in my words ; only I would have been glad to have known somewhat of the cause of this great rumor in the city concerning this great matter, which I never knew of before that day, as you may learn from those who have been doers in it. I never spake of the said demeanor to any of them, either to laud it, or dispraise it. As touching the deed of the late lord of Canterbury, I was not privy, though I had been his chaplain ; for, as Mr. Bedell knows, I was out of his favour these seven years, and he did less for me than for any of his chaplains. These things considered, and my loss by my absence from the cathedral church of Paul's, my punishment until now, please to move the King to have pity on mine age and my diseases, and that I may go to my benefice.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Councillor. Endd.

R. O.
1673. Roger Poley to Cromwell.
"The wavering adventure that hath me long disturbed much, is it pacified now on late," by assurance of your promise of my deliverance. When that happens, I beg you will take me into your service.
Hol., p. 1. Add. at head : Of the Council.

R. O.
1674. Thos. Preston to [Cromwell].
As it has pleased the King through your Mastership's mediation to give me a living and a yearly pension, and I understand by my brother Barthelett that you would see my fashion of writing, I send you a specimen.
Hol., p. 1. Begins : Right honorable Sir. Endd.

R. O.
1675. Thomas Rabett.
Petition of Thos. and Eliz. Rabett, of Fenchurch, London, to Cromwell, stating that their daughter Eliz. is married to Thos. Drapper, bowyer. They pray that he may have the room of a wine-portership. Beg he will write to Mr. Will. Broderour, of London, draper, in whom the said room is vested. Signed at bottom : Chauncy.
P. 1. Add. : Of the King's Council.

R. O.
1676. Robert Radcliff to Cromwell.
Desires, if he can get assistance, to study law and medicine, and begs Cromwell's aid. Carmelites' College, Cambridge.
Hol., Lat., p. 1. Add. : Consiliario apud Regem.

R. O.
1677. Nich. Austen, Abbot of Rewley, to Cromwell.
The youngest of our convent, one Richard, son of Robert Davys, of Oxford, has accused one of his brethren, called Norton, of treason, because Norton said he had read a certain sentence of Agrippa in his book De Vanitate Scientiarum, which was against the King's marriage, and Norton repeated it. Hereupon Davys, without informing me, wrote a letter to the mayor, bringing in three witnesses, all of his own handwriting, who say they were not of his counsel in the matter. I put the parties in prison, and sent for the mayor, desiring him to respite the matter for two or three days, until I had written to you. I beg their punishment may be left in my hands, to the honor of our house, and they shall be grievously handled, or remitted to their ordinary, the abbot of Tower Hill, the visitor. God save the King and Queen Anne.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Of the Council.

R. O.
1678. Ric. Runkorn to [Cromwell].
I am a poor man, and desire your Mastership's aid. "I have here wytnes makyng of his wyll, and his gostly father, Sir John Walker, gave my wyfe six angells in gold, and the saw whan Master Coplond tooke yt owt of his bosum." He says, I shall not have anything without the law ; and I am not able to follow the law. John Coplond, who is dead, was executor to Sir John Walker ; and young Copland, his father's executor, withholds my right.
Hol., p. 1. Begins : I desire your Mastership. Endd.

R. O.
1679. Adam Sampson, and others, to [Cromwell].
Concerning the taking of Andrew the Scot, on Wednesday after Easter Day 25 Hen. VIII., by their ship the Anne, of Orwell ; after which they met with another ship, and desired the master to put a man on land in England with certain letters that the Scot had, which we thought it important for the King to see. "We thought to have had great rewards of the King's grace for our diligence, and so had him with us into Iceland." On their return, when expecting a reward, were commanded to bring him to the King's Council at Easthampstead. At that time your Mastership said the King gave us the prisoner, and thanked us for our pains ; but that was a small reward. Had him to Yarmouth, to one Wyllow's (or Wydowe's) brother, taken in Scotland, from which place he ran away, and was retaken. Got him ultimately into the Marshalsea, but have had to pay heavily for his costs, Beg that they may not lose his ransom.
Hol., pp. 2. Headed : "1533."

R. O.
1680. William Saunders.
An information, addressed to Cromwell as Chancellor of the Exchequer, of the fraudulent demeanour of Will. Saunders and others, by which the King is defrauded of great sums from the lands of Thos. Haddon, lately within age, son of Will. Haddon. (fn. 14)
A specification is given of the value of the lands, which are in cos. Oxon, Northt., Kent, and Suff. ; total, 124l. 6s. per annum.
Large paper, p. 1.

R. O.
1681. Ninian Saunderson.
Complaint of Ninian Saunderson to Cromwell, master of the Jewels, setting forth that he is apprentice to Leonard Tewfford, and was sent by his master to the Counter, and afterwards committed to Newgate by Mr. Reynolld, (fn. 15) then sheriff, on a false suspicion of having clipped a groat. Fears to be overtaken by "the sickness of the prison."
Large paper, p. 1. Endd.

R. O.
1682. Thos. Savell, of Clyfton, Yorks., to Cromwell.
Complains that Sir Henry Savell, about five years ago, hired certain persons to murder him ; and two years ago caused him to be wrongfully indicted of felony for robbing one Richard Kent, about 14 years ago. Obtained a writ of supplicavit, by virtue of which Sir Henry Savell and others were bound before Sir Ant. Fitzherbert and his fellow justices to be of good abearing. In spite of this, on the feast of the Conception of Our Lady last, Sir Henry sent threescore of his tenants and servants armed to murder him, but he escaped to the house of one Arthur Pylkynton. Begs him to summon Savell and the others to appear before him.
Large paper, p. 1. Headed : One of the Council. Endd.

R. O.
1683. Henry Selby, of Thyndon, Northt., to Cromwell.
Petition on behalf of the inhabitants of Thyndon, a town belonging to the ancient demesne of the Crown, against John Mulshoo, who has come into possession of five parts of the said town, by what means is not known, to the prejudice of the King's right. The tenants in times past have been able to furnish 200 good men to do the King service, and might be still if rightly treated ; but Mulshoo takes extortionate fines, &c. A bill was presented by the petitioner since last term, and Cromwell gave order to Edw. Montague, serjeant at the law, to see justice done, but Montague said Cromwell's letter was no commandment.
ii. Statement of unlawful acts done by Mulshoo.
Large paper, pp. 2. Headed : Of the Council.

R. O.
1684. Wm. Shoter to Cromwell.
Petition complaining of the conduct of Robert Martyn, of [All Hallows beside] London Wall, and of Boghton beside Brandon Ferry, Norf., parson, who has slandered and persecuted him in various ways, and bears a very bad charater.
P. 1, mutilated. Add. at the head : Of the King's Council.

R. O.
1685. For William Shurland.
Grant, in reversion, in consideration of his services in the King's "most victorious wars," of the room of a soldier in the King's ordinary retinue at Calais, with 16d. a day, now held by John Pigott.
Draft, large paper, pp. 3. Endd. The King is styled, "Defender of the Faith and Lord of Ireland," but not "Supreme Head of the Church of England."

R. O.
1686. The Town Of Southampton to Cromwell.
We are sorely charged yearly to the King for our fee-farm, besides our charges for defending the town against the sea and repairing the walls. We have only petty customs, formerly levied on merchant strangers arriving here in galleys and carracks. They do not come as they have done. Without your help we are undone, as our debt is fallen into arrears ; for though the King relieved us in the yearly payment of the fee-farm we have no profit from it at present. We beg the arrears may be stalled, so that we may be able to pay from henceforth. At Hampton.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Of the King's Council. Endd.

R. O.
1687. Nicholas Statham.
"Anno 1533.Costs laid out by me, Nicholas Statham, upon a certain bargain made with Sir Robert Waterton, of Yorkshire, knight, for the manor of Bourne, to the use of Mr. Thomas Cromwell, one of our Sovereign lord the King's most honorable Council."
Payments to Sir Robert on his indenture, to Giles Polyvar for the recovery and fine, for costs of counsel, and for servants riding to take possession. Total, 162l. 7s. 11d. Received from Mr. Cromwell, 120l. But Cromwell has to receive 39l. 20d. for a whole year's rent ending at Whitsuntide next.
P. 1. Endd.

R. O.
1688. Geo. Stephynson, of Wilton, Norf., to Cromwell.
Petition complaining of Sir John Tyndalle, knt., lord of Wilton, who has put him in prison, and detains from him his wife, and goods and chattels to the value of 10l.
P. 1. Headed : To the right hon. Sir Thomas Cromwell, knight, and one of the King's most honorable Council.

R. O.
1689. Sir Walter Stonore to Cromwell.
I wish you to learn the King's pleasure whether he will take any order between Sir Adrian Fortescu and me before Easter, and let me know his intention, that I may wait upon him for the same. Let me put you in remembrance of the fee-farm that young Dawnse has of the manor of Wychyrch in Oxfordshire, one of the four belonging to the honour of Wallingford, never let before. He will keep the courts in his own name, yet I kept them as deputy to my lord of Suffolk, according to your commandment.
Hol., p. 1. Add : Of the Council.

B. M.
1690. Friar William Storme to Cromwell.
Being in the Fleet by your commandment I beg you to have pity, else by distress and poverty I am like to be undone. If I have said anything against the truth, "I me for think," and will be redressed according to your pleasure. The articles on which I was convented are these : "I said, 'Friends, ye have new inventions sprung amongst you, which, I think, be admixed with the gall of heresy, for they doth allege unto you that ye should worship no saints, nor fast, nor go in pilgrimages.' Contrary the which I alleged and said that it was meritorious to honor images, fast, and go in pilgrimages, so it were used without superstitiousness." There is no other article justly surmised against me, and I refer me to the whole parish of Lee, where I preached. I beg that you will examine me, that I may know whereof I am accused ; and where I am culpable I will submit, and am willing to amend.
P. 1. Add. : Of the Council. Endd.

R. O.
1691. For Thomas Strangwyshe.
Licence to export 1,000 sacks of wool from London, Southampton, and Sandwich, paying four marks on each sack for all dues at the end of four years after every shipment.
Corrected draft, pp. 4.

R. O.
1692. Lady Storkey (fn. 16) and the Priory Of Stratford to Cromwell.
I beg your goodness to us and our house at St. Leonard's, Stratford, and that we may be your beadwomen for removing our supposed Prioress, according to the advice of Mr. Noress. Since our petition to the King we have been worse entreated than ever, for meat and drink, and threatening words ; and when we ask to have anything remedied, she bids us "go to Cromwell and let him help us." The old lady who is the rightful Prioress is like to die for want of sustenance. She can get neither meat nor drink, nor money to help her.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Right worshipful.

R. O.
1693. The Nuns Of Stratford to Cromwell.
The Chancellor (fn. 17) of the bishop of London was with us yesterday, and says that the Prioress shall continue in spite of our teeth and theirs that say nay. He has commanded her to ascite and punish us for an example. We pray you, for the honor of God and Our Lady, to assist us, for we can no longer continue in the manner we are. The Chancellor rebuked us, saying we had got a temporal man to our ordinary, "and that he spake by you ;" (fn. 18) but our learned counsel, who put our matter to the King, told us it was not lawful for him to be a chancellor ; for he is no priest, nor has any power to hear confession, or give absolution, as he does.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Right worshipful.

R. O.
1694. Claws Tamme to [Cromwell].
Please inquire if it be the King's pleasure to have my "cowper" now in the Steelyard, London, amounting to 35,000 or thereabouts, or license me to convey it beyond sea.
Hol., p. 1. Endd.

R. O.
1695. Robt. Tarbocke to Lady Lisle.
Asks for the settlement of the accompanying account, dated 6 June 24 Hen. VIII. Has sent many bills, but heard nothing of them. It is a great journey for him to come to Calais to demand his money.
Two side saddles of French fashion, with seats of feather, covered with Naples fustian, with footstools fringed with cadyce and garnished, 26s. 8d. Two harnesses of Naples fustian, 12s. Two bits with bosses. Two white twine girths, 16d. A saddle of French fashion, for my Lady's daughter, with a deep covering of fustian of Naples, lined with buckram, with a footstool, 18s. A harness of Naples fustian, 6s. A bit with a pair of bosses, 2s. A white girth, 8d. Total, 3l. 10s. 8d. ; of which 30s. 8d. was paid by Mr. Aylemer at lady Lisle's going away.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Lady Debyte of Calyce.

R. O.
1696. Nic. Thorne to [Cromwell].
As you have spoken to the Lord Chancellor in my matter, my request is that I may be at the same liberty I was when I came to this city to sue the executors (fn. 19) to perform the legacies in England, as they have the money in their hands, and other effects. I request that 147l. 13s. 4d. be paid to me. I will take upon me to see paid the legacies and debts in Spain, and liquidate all accounts, saving the executors harmless. As you have been much engaged, I have not resorted to you.
Hol., p. 1. Endd. Begins : Right worshipful.

R. O.
1697. Henry Tolley, Goldsmith, to Cromwell.
Petition to Cromwell as one of the King's Council, setting forth that he had been over seven weeks a prisoner in the Counter, by Cromwell's command, for certain broken silver delivered to him to sell by a Grey Friar of Chichester, who was taken and brought to Sir Hen. Owen, justice of the peace, but was allowed by him to escape. Desires that Sir Henry be commanded to appear before Cromwell and examined on the subject.
P. 1.

R. O.
1698. Paul Withypoll.
To the mayor, aldermen, and sheriffs of London.
Notification that the King has granted by patent (fn. 20) to Paul Withypoll, of London, merchant-tailor, exemption from serving on juries, &c., and commanding them not to molest the said Paul, under pain of 1,000l.
Draft. p. 1. Endd.

R. O.
1699. to [Cromwell?]
Petition to "my singular good master."
The petitioner was ward of lord Mountjoy, and married to Katharine, one of the daughters of Sir Thos. Tyrell, and wishes to enforce payment of 1,075 marks due by one Lomnor according to indentures tripartite, dated 21 Dec. 17 Hen. VIII., between lord Mountjoy, on one part ; Sir Thos. Tyrell and John Tyrell, then son and heir apparent of Sir Thos., and the petitioner, on the second part ; and the said Lomnor, on the third part.
A paper roll, mutilated.

R. O.
1700. The Rector And Parishioners of to Cromwell.
In behalf of Will. Barbar, attached on suspicion of coining. Nothing was found in his house but an old saucer clipped, and a new penny of twopence, being in his wife's purse, which penny she had of William Cheyny in changing of a groat. Signed : Henricus Dely, rectorJohn Foschat, bayly ; also by three constables (of whom John Machyn is one), and four others of the parish.
P. 1. Begins : Right worshipful master. On the back are memoranda of certain payments for cows, calves, &c.

R. O.
1701. to Cromwell.
On coming home last night, stopped at the door of Guglielmo Corsi, where he had a cup of wine. Then going on to the house of Antonio di Vivaldi, encountered Antonio Dodo, whom he did not at first know, as he was dressed as a courtier, and one of the young Vivaldi. Wished to tell him (Ant. de Vivaldi?) that he did wrong in sending money to the writer's wife ; but got into an encounter with Dodo, who pursued him with a naked sword, and threw stones at him, encouraged by his companions. With difficulty saved himself, and got home. This morning wished to go and speak to Cromwell, but found Dodo had placed two serjeants before his door, so that he could not stir without being arrested. Writes accordingly by bearer. Thus Cromwell will see that the man who detains his wife by force wishes to get him arrested as surety to keep the peace. Begs Cromwell's favor, as he has no money.
Hol., Ital., p. 1. Add. : Nobili D., Magistro Cremuello, patrono suo honorando. Endd. : Thomas Brewster, vicar of BysbrokeEdward Watson, gentleman.

R. O.
1702. Italian Merchants.
Proposal made on the part of Giovanni Campucci for the settlement of matters in dispute between him and Antonio Dodo by the arbitration of foreign merchants. Among other things it is proposed that if it should appear the goods arrested by the earl of Essex (da Mons. diesexi), by command of the King, belonged to Nicolo Balbi and not to Dodo, the latter shall be bound to make good their value.
Ital., pp. 2.

R. O.
2. Another paper relating to the debts of Giovanni Campuci to Antonio Dodo, and the late Nicolo Dodo, for which he had been obliged to take sanctuary for some time at St. Martin's, till Ant. Dodo consented to release him on certain conditions. Reference is also made to the dealings of Ant. Dodo with the late Lorenzo Bonvixi, to whom he gave a bond payable 1 April 1534.
Ital., p. 1. Endd.

R. O.
3. Accounts of Lorenzo Bonvixi from 1526 to 1529.
Ital., pp. 2, large paper. Endd.

R. O.
1703. to [Cromwell].
Has been here, by the King's desire, well nigh four years, and has been for two years asking leave to go home. It is necessary for him to be at Venice by the month of April, else he shall lose an office which brings him 30 ducats a month,to the ruin of himself and his children. Will follow his mastership's advice about making a supplication to the King. Owing to his expences here, is in debt and destitute of money for his journey. Desires to obtain a licence to bring into this kingdom 600 tuns of Gascon wine and woad of Toulouse.
P. 1. Begins : Right honorable and my singular good master.

R. O.
1704. to Cromwell.
Implores forgiveness for having blackened Cromwell's character, and desires to be released from prison.
Lat., p. 1. Headed : Honoratissimo consultori regio M. Crumwell.

R. O.
1705. to [Cromwell?]
Three specimens of handwriting in English, Latin, and French, sent in accordance with [Cromwell's] wish.
P. 1. Endd. : A copy or form of ones writings that sheweth to be in my master his service.

Footnotes

  • 1. This and the preceding are marked "In pixide."
  • 2. The signature is cut off, but the name is written at the head of the letter by a later hand.
  • 3. Dated at the head, in a modern hand, but on what authority does not appear, "1533. 25 Hen. 8."
  • 4. Henry VIII. is styled Defender of the Faith and Lord of Ireland, but not Supreme Head of the Church of England.
  • 5. See Vol. IV. Nos. 951, 966.
  • 6. This name and Sir Ant. Browne are crushed in between two lines.
  • 7. Inserted between the lines.
  • 8. Day and month blank.
  • 9. Blanks are lef for these two names in the MS.
  • 10. Remembrancer of the Exchequer. See Vol. II., No. 1172.
  • 11. He was made sheriff in Nov. 1533 (see Grants in November, No. 29), and the date of this document must lie between Nov. 1533 and April or May following, when Cromwell would have been addressed as secretary.
  • 12. He was afterwards executed as an accomplice of the Nun of Kent.
  • 13. The Editor's date, 1535, is certainly wrong.
  • 14. See Vol. IV. No. 1230 (17).
  • 15. Ric. Reynolds was sheriff of London in 1532.
  • 16. Eliz. Sterkey, prioress of Stratford at Bow, mentioned by Dugdale, but at what date does not appear. After her comes the last prioress, Sibilla Kirke.
  • 17. Thos. Baye alias Williams, S.T.B.
  • 18. i.e. in saying that he meant you.
  • 19. Rob. Thorne died Whitsunday 1532.
  • 20. No such patent appears upon the Rolls, and the date is quite uncertain, except that it must be between 1521 and 1534, as the King is styled Fidei Defensor and Dominus Hiberni, but not Supremum caput Ecclesi.