Calendar of Letter-Books of the City of London: C, 1291-1309. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1901.
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CALENDAR OF LETTER-BOOKS OF THE CITY OF LONDON.
Folio ib (xxv b).
Names of the reputable men of each Ward elected by common assent and consent of the whole Commonalty for the City's account (compoto), anno 19 [Edward I.] :-
Ward of W[ilham] de Farndone: (fn. 1) Thomas de Brauncestre, Henry de Belhus, Nicholas le Long, Benedict le Esporouner;
Ward of Robert de Basinge: (fn. 2) Matthew le Chaundeler, Robert de Mertone;
Ward of William de Betoynne: (fn. 3) Henry de Fingrie, Robert de Chalhunte;
Ward of Henry le Waleys: (fn. 4) John Bonquer, Robert le Sacker.
Ward of John de Batquille: (fn. 5) Thomas Sely, Adam de Hallingbire;
Ward of W[illiam] le Mazeliner: (fn. 6) Hugh de Bedeford, Nicholas le Brun;
Ward of Walter Hauteyn: (fn. 7) Tristram le Chevereller, Alan le Cordewaner;
Ward of Philip le taillur: (fn. 8) Henry le Bole, Geoffrey de Hundesdiche;
Ward of John [de] Canterbury: (fn. 9) Martin Lupus, Benedict de Hakene;
Ward of William de Hereford: (fn. 10) Michael le Oynter, William de Suffolk;
Ward of John le Blunt: (fn. 11) William de Beverle, William Cosyn;
Ward of Nicholas de Wynchester: (fn. 12) Gilbert le Armurer, John de Totenham;
Ward of Thomas de Estanes: (fn. 13) Matthew le Paumer, Thomas le Batur;
Ward of Martin Box: (fn. 14) Robert de Fingrie, John de Elsingham;
Ward of Wolmer de Essex: (fn. 15) Thomas Cros, Richard Scharp;
Ward of R[obert] de Rokesle: (fn. 16) Gilbert de la Marche, Cock le Botiller;
Names of Aldermen elected to render account for the City for all debts demanded of the Commonalty by the lord the King at his Exchequer, &c., viz., Henry le Waleys, Robert de Basinge, John de Batquille, Stephen Aschewy, William de Hereford, and William de Betoynne, elected by assent of the whole Commonalty.
Names of Aldermen elected to receive men into the freedom of the City, such power being given them by the Warden and the Aldermen before written, viz., John de Canterbury, Walter Hauteyn, William le Mazeliner, Robert de Rokeslegh, Thomas Box, and Nicholas de Wynchester.
Saturday after the Feast of St. Nicholas [6 Dec. ], 20 Edward I. [A. D. 1291], two of each Ward elected the underwritten to prosecute together with the Aldermen on behalf of the City's estate against the lord the King, &c., because it is in the King's hand, viz., Richard de Chiggewelle, Walter de Rokeslegh, Elyas Russell, and Salman le Cotiller.
Folio ii (xxvi).
Liber Memorandorum diversorum a festo Sancti Michaelis [29 Sept.], anno regni regis Edwardi decimo nono [A. D. 1291].
Writ of Edward I. to the Warden and Sheriffs of London, enjoining proclamation to be made against clipped and counterfeit money under certain penalties. Dated Westminster, 4 Oct., 19 Edward I. [A. D. 1291]. (fn. 17)
Ordinance touching the Will of Walter de Londr', "formager." (fn. 18)
Saturday after the Feast of St. Margaret [20 July], 19 Edward I. [A. D. 1291], a certain testament of Walter de Londr', "furmager," was examined in the presence of Ralph de Sandwych, Warden of the City, and John de Batquille and other Aldermen. The executors being dead, and the terms of the will touching the foundation of a chantry in the church of St. Michael, Cornhill, for the soul of the deceased and the souls of Petronilla and Agnes his wives, John his son, &c., not being capable of execution, it was ordained by the said Warden and Aldermen that Walter Hauteyn, Alderman, should hold the lands, &c., in the parish of St. Michael aforesaid, and should provide the chantry aforesaid, and in case of default the parishioners to take possession, &c.
The above grant was made by the aforesaid Warden, and by John de Batquille, William de Hereford, William de Hereford [sic], William le Mazeliner, William de Farndone, Ralph le Blunt, Thomas Box, John de Canterbury, Martin Box, William de Betoynne, Richard Aswy, John le Blunt, Thomas de Estanes, Robert de Rok[esle], and Nicholas de Wynchester, Aldermen.
Folio ii b (xxvi b).
Names of Aldermen chosen to prosecute the City's business and estate in the King's Council on Wednesday after the Feast of Conception B. M. [8 Dec.], 20 Edward I. [A. D. 1291], viz.: Robert de Basinge, John de Banquelle, William de Hereford, Adam de Foleham, Aldermen.
On Friday after the Feast of St. Lucia [13 Dec.], 20 Edward I. [A. D. 1291], it was agreed by the Aldermen and by two representatives of each Ward, whose names are on a panel in the hands of the Chamberlain, that in each Ward the sum of 20s. should be borrowed from the more wealthy for the purpose of a present to the King and his Council, with a view to the recovery of the City's franchise, and in respect of the account of 20,000 marks and the City's estate (fn. 19); that the names of those willing to contribute be inserted on the Chamberlain's rolls; that from the less wealthy one mark be borrowed: and that receivers be appointed by the Common Council, viz., Thomas de Suffolk, Thomas de Brauncestre, John le Coffrer, Alexander Heyrun.
Assembly of Aldermen and four men of each Ward, &c., for the Charter of Warren of the Bishop of London.
[Here follows a petition of Richard de Gravesend, Bishop of London, presented on Thursday before the Feast of St. Gregory [12 March], 20 Edward I. [A. D. 1291-2], as to enclosure of two woods at Stebenhethe lying around his manor there (fn. 20) for the purpose of a warren. The citizens claim a right of chace, and object to any such enclosure. Cf. 'Liber Horn,' fo. 268. Printed in Riley's 'Memorials,' p. 28.-Editor.]
The same day it was agreed by Ralph de Sandwych, Warden, and Robert de Basinge, John de Batquille, William de Hereford, Ralph le Blunt, Robert de Rok[esle], Nicholas de Wynchester, William le Maceliner, William de Farndone, Wolmar de Essex, John de Canterbury, Walter Hauteyn, William de Betoynne, Thomas Box, John le Blunt, Richard Asschewy, and Walter de Finchingfeud, Aldermen, and four men from each Ward, that all those who were assessed for a tallage for the City's affairs as appears supra on the same page, and are in arrears for their quota, shall be forthwith distrained upon, &c.
The same day Reginald de Danecastre, Vincent de Lenne, Walter de Bekenesfeud, and Walter de Staples (?) were elected and sworn to take and kill such swine as were found wandering in the King's highway. And they were to have the swine so killed, or else 4d. from the owner, according to proclamation made. The persons so sworn to commence their duty after Saturday next. (fn. 21)
Folio iii (xxvii).
Monday after the Feast of St. Matthias [24 Feb.], 20 Edward I. [A. D. 1291-2], before Ralph de Sandwych, Warden of the City; Ralph le Blound and Hamo Box, Sheriffs of the same; and John de Banquell, Robert de Basinge, John de Canterbury, Nicholas de Winchester, Thomas de Stanes, Walter Hauteyn, Thomas Box, John le Blound, Wolmar de Essex, and William de Bettoyne, Aldermen, Henry Hauteyn, mercer, was admitted guardian of the person and property of William, son of "Sarrecote la affeyte," the property amounting to 20s. by the year; and Gilbert de la Marche, potter, is commanded to pay him arrears due for a tenement on Cornhull formerly belonging to William "le affeyte."
(Afterwards, viz., on Wednesday after mid-Lent, the year aforesaid, the said Gilbert rendered account of rents amounting to 7 marks, of which he paid 40s. by tally to John de Linlee for the infant's guardianship and nourishment. The guardian finds sureties, viz., Stephen Hauteyn, mercer, and Richard Benfiz [Beufiz ?].)
Tuesday after mid-Lent, the year aforesaid, proclamation made as to treatment of envoys about to arrive from the King of France. (fn. 22)
Writ on behalf of Meliora, daughter of Martin le Arblester.
Edward, &c., to Ralph de Sandwich, Warden of the City, &c. Meliora, daughter of Martin le "Arbelster" and executrix of the same, has shown us that whereas by the will of her father, proved in the full Husting of London (fn. 23) according to the custom of the City, she had acquired a certain messuage in the parish of St. Sepulchre without Newgate, she had been ejected thence by the Sheriffs of London, acting in the absence of the Warden and the Aldermen, at the suit of Juetta de Perndewik. We, willing that justice should be done, command you to investigate the matter in the presence of the aforesaid Sheriffs and of John de Banquell and Robert de Basynges, Aldermen, and if any error be found to correct the same. Dated Westminster, 7 April, 20 Edward I. [A. D. 1292].
Folio iii b (xxvii b)
Writ on behalf of H. le Galeys to inquire whether he can give to St. Paul's Church rents, &c.
Edward, &c., to Ralph de Sandwych, &c. We command you that, by the oath of good and liege men of the City, you diligently inquire whether it would be to our loss and prejudice if we permit Henry le Galeys to assign to the Dean and Chapter of St. Paul certain shops near St. Paul's Churchyard; and if to our loss, how much and in what way; and if to the loss of others, how much and in what way, and what is the yearly value of the property; and if the donor retains sufficient to pay the customs and services due for the property granted, as well as for what he retains, &c. Witness myself at St. Alban, 15 April, 20 Edward I. [A. D. 1292].
Inquisition thereupon made by Thomas de Brauncestre, Thomas de Farndone, Richard de Hockele, Nicholas le Lung, Thomas le Clerc, Adam de Horsham, Reginald de Frouwyk, Robert de Chalfhunte, Martin de Aumbresbire, Richard le Bret, Nicholas le Brun, Richard de Caumpes, William de Wynchester, John de Stortford, Robert de Waldegrave, Richard le Sawyer, Stephen de Harwe, John Wade, John de Selda, John le Coffrer, Alexander Heyrun, Thomas de Suffolk, William Red, Henry le Bole, Geoffrey de Hundesdiche, Tristram le Chevereler, John le Chaundeler, John le Bener, and John Cross, who say on their oath that......
Folio iiii (xxviii).
Edward, &c., to the Warden and Aldermen of the City of London, &c. Whereas it has been shown to us by certain brewers, citizens of London, that they had been prejudiced as to their franchise in relation to their trade by our Sheriffs of London, and by those appointed by us to hear plaints in London, and we have already enjoined you to inquire into the matter; but you nevertheless, showing favour to the Sheriffs and the others, have delayed inquiry, and the brewers continue to suffer at the hands of the Sheriffs; we, wishing to provide a remedy, do command you to summon the Sheriffs aforesaid before you, and after hearing the complaints of the brewers to do therein according to justice, and allow them to enjoy such liberties and customs as they ought, and such as their predecessors used to enjoy. Witness myself at St. Edmund, 28 April, 20 Edward I. [A. D. 1292].
Thursday before the Feast of St. John Bapt. [24 June], 20 Edward I. [A. D. 1292], Geoffrey le Warner convicted of receiving bribes for making false laws (pro falsis legibus faciendis (fn. 24)) in the Sheriffs' Courts and other Courts and Sokes in the City, and forswears such conduct in future.
The Aldermen of the City brought to the Treasurer and Barons of the Exchequer the following writ in part allowance of 20,000 marks, Thursday before the Feast of St. Mar garet [20 July], 20 Edward I. [A. D. 1292], and it was allowed and enrolled in full Exchequer :-Edward, &c., to his Barons of Exchequer, &c. Allow to our Commonalty of London in a certain fine of 20,000 marks, which the said Commonalty lately made with the lord Henry, our father, late King of England, for securing his good will, (fn. 25) the sum of £383 8s. 5d., which by our precept to the same Commonalty during the lifetime of our father was delivered to the Counts of Boulogne and St. Pol for their expenses incurred in the City aforesaid. (fn. 26) Dated Westminster, 6 Feb., 20 Edward I. [A. D. 1291-2].
Edward, &c., to Ralph de Sandwych, &c. We command you that you cause to be forthwith arrested and safeguarded in our prison all misdoers and disturbers of our peace, homicides, robbers, incendiaries, &c., in your bailiwick. Dated Wyghton, (fn. 27) 11 Sept., 20 Edward I. [A. D. 1292].
Folio iiii b (xxviii b).
Monday the morrow of St. Matthew [21 Sept.], 20 Edward I. [A. D. 1292], election was made of Sheriffs of London by Ralph de Sandwych, then Warden of London, Henry le Waleys, John de Batquill, John de Gysors, Ralph le Blund, Thomas de Estanes, Richard Aschewy, Walter de Finchingfeud, Thomas Box, Adam de Fulham, Robert de Rokesle, John de Canterbury, Wolmer de Essex, and William de Betoynne, Aldermen, there present, by whom Henry le Bole and Elyas Russell were elected to the Shrievalty of London and Middlesex, and thereto were sworn. And to keep the City harmless they found pledges, viz.: Pledges of Henry le Bole-John de Canterbury, Alderman, and Geoffrey de Hundesdich Pledges of Elyas Russel-Adam de Rokesle and Henry le Bole.
Sunday before the Feast of Assumption B. M. [15 Aug.], 20 Edward I. [A. D. 1292], Wardens of the Conduit of London were elected, viz., Salomon le Cotiler, John le Coffrer, Adam le Chaundiler, and Geoffrey Canedis, in this form, that they will well and faithfully collect......
Edward, &c., to the Warden and Sheriffs, &c. Whereas on account of our royal dignity as well as the custom prevailing in times past it has been held that those engaged in our Exchequer and representing (reportantes) our presence there should not be drawn into a plea so long as our Exchequer shall be open, and Osbert le Laner, of London, would draw into a plea of unjust detention of chattels before you in our Husting of London, as we are given to understand, our beloved and trusty Master William de la Marche, Dean of St. Martin le Grand, our Treasurer in the Exchequer, representing our presence and transacting our business there; we command you to proceed no further with that plea, but refer it to the Barons of our Exchequer at Westminster on the morrow of All Souls, with all particulars of the same, and that you warn the said Osbert to be there present to be dealt with according to the law and custom of our realm. Witness, J[ohn] de Cobeham, (fn. 28) at Westminster, 22 Oct., 20 Edward I. [A. D. 1292]
Return made to the above, to the effect that there was no plea in the Husting of London between Master William de la Marche, Dean of St. Martin le Grand, Treasurer of the lord the King, and Osbert le Laner, except for detention of chattels for rent issuing from a free tenement; and this plea of detention of chattels is such that according to the custom of the City and liberties granted to the citizens by charters of the King's progenitors it ought to be brought into and decided in the Husting of London and not elsewhere. (fn. 29)
Edward, &c., to the Warden and Sheriffs of London, &c Whereas the Prior of St. Bartholomew of Smethefeud, in the suburb of London, claims to hold by charters of our progenitors, Kings of England, and our confirmation, a certain Fair there every year to last for three days, viz., on the eve, the Feast, and morrow of St. Bartholomew the Apostle, (fn. 30) together with all liberties and free customs to such a Fair appertaining, in which, as the said Prior asserts, he has met with hindrance at the hands of the Warden, and a dispute has arisen between you touching one-half of the aforesaid eve and the whole of the morrow aforesaid; we, being desirous to do justice both to ourselves and to the aforesaid Prior before the Treasurer and Barons of our Exchequer one month after Michaelmas, command you that after taking security from the said Prior for payment into the Exchequer of the profits of the Fair for one-half of the eve and the whole of the morrow aforesaid, on the day aforesaid, in case the Prior should fail to show cause why the said profits should not belong to us, you permit the said Prior in the meanwhile to take the profits in form aforesaid. Dated Durham, 9 Aug., 20 Edward I. [A. D. 1292]. (fn. 31)
Folio v (xxix).
Aldermen: Henry le Galeys, John de Banquelle, Robert de Basinge, William de Hereford, William de Bettoyne, Thomas de Stanes, Adam de Foleham, John le Blound, John de Canterbury, Walter de Finchingfeud, Elias Russel, Martin Box.
Folio v b (xxix b).
Walter Hauteyn, mercer, of Lincoln, attached to answer to the lord the King for that whereas John de Harwe, a Serjeant, had sequestrated with his seal a certain door belonging to the said Walter by order of Robert de Bassinge, acting on behalf of Sir Ralph de Sandwych, the Warden, who was absent, the said Walter violated the sequestration and broke the Serjeant's seal in contempt of the lord the King, £100 fine. Ralph Pecok, who prosecutes on behalf of the King, says, &c. And the said Walter came and could not deny the charge, but acknowledged he had broken the sequestration and the seal. Therefore let him be [committed] to prison quousque, &c.
Sunday the Feast of St. Peter ad Vincula [1 Aug.], 22 Edward I. [A. D. 1294], it was agreed by Sir J. le Bretun, and by assent of the Aldermen of the City, viz., Robert de Basinge, William de Hereford, John le Blunt, John de Canterbury, Martin Box, Walter de Rok[esle], Adam de Rokesle, Salomon le Cotiller, William le Mazeliner, Walter de Finchingfeud, John de Dunstaple, Nicholas de Farndone, and William de Betoynne, that all pledges taken for divers assizes and tallages made in the City shall be appraised on the oath of good and honest men, &c., in the presence of the aforesaid Salomon le Cotiller and Walter de Finching[feud], and of William de Betoynne, the Chamberlain of London, and be sold, &c.
Folio vi (xxx).
Be it remembered that on Tuesday before the Feast of St. Botolph [17 June], 21 Edward I. [A. D. 1293], in the presence of Sir John le Bretun, Warden of London, the whole Commonalty of the City aforesaid was assembled, viz., from each Ward the wealthier and wiser men, who each by their several Wards elected for themselves Aldermen freely, of good will and of their full consent, and the Aldermen so elected they presented to the Warden aforesaid in this form, that all and singular the things which the aforesaid Aldermen of their wisdom and discretion shall do and ordain for the government of the City and the maintenance of the King's peace, in conjunction with the Warden and their superior for the time being, shall be straitly observed, and shall be held ratified and confirmed before other provisions touching the Commonalty, without any challenge or opposition in the future; and each Ward elected its Alderman, for whom it would answer as to all his acts affecting the City, the Commune (communam), and its estate.
Ward of Lotheberi (modo vocatur Bradestrate (fn. 32)) presents Thomas Stanes.
The same day and year, all the Aldermen above written being present in the Guildhall together with the aforesaid Commonalty unanimously agreed and gave their assent and consent in the presence of Sir John [le] Bretun, the aforesaid Warden of the City aforesaid, that John de Banquelle should have a grant, confirmation, and quitclaim from them of his tenement, which formerly belonged to Sir Roger de Clifford, senior, in the parish of St. Michael de Bassieshawe, and the same grant, confirmation, and a certain quitclaim were, in the presence of all the Aldermen aforesaid and the Warden, sealed with the seal of the Commonalty as well as the seal of the said Sir John le Bretun, and were delivered to the aforesaid Sir John de Banquelle in their presence. (fn. 33)
Folio vi b (xxx b).
Saturday after the Translation of St. Thomas the Martyr [7 July], 21 Edward I. [A. D. 1293], Reymund de Solers, Hugh de Englas, John Blaunk, Peter Andreu, and Peter Fraunk, merchants of Provence, for themselves and for their fellow-merchants of Provence, disclaim any chartered rights to trade within the City (fn. 34).
Edward, &c., to John le Bretun, Warden of the City, &c. Whereas a day had been given for John le Hunte, Master of the ship called "la Godeyer," and his fellows, to answer before you for a trespass alleged to have been committed by them upon John Batewate, Bartram Beylin de Condome, and fellow-merchants of Gascony, in the water of the Gerunde, near "Talamon," which trespass we wish to hear and determine ourselves; we command you that, having taken security for their appearance before us, you do no more in the matter, but detain the goods seized upon the said John and his fellows until the cause be determined. Dated Winchester, 18 Aug., 21 Edward I. [A. D. 1293]
[Folios. vii (xxxi) blank.]
Folio vii b (xxxi b).
William de Wulchirchawe attached to answer the Commonalty of the City of London why he, being a freeman of the said City, by himself and his companions, on the eve of St. Bartholomew and on the morrow, at St. Bartholomew's Fair at Smethefeud, anno 21 Edward I. [A. D. 1293], levied a certain tronage (fn. 35) in the Fair aforesaid in the name of the Prior of St Bartholomew, and attached citizens who wished to weigh with their own trons, &c., to the prejudice of the freedom of the City to the extent of £1,000, as Ralph Pecok, the clerk who prosecutes on behalf of the City, alleges, &c. And the said William came and defended, &c., saying that he had not taken tronage nor attached citizens and their trons, as alleged, nor done anything to the prejudice of the City, and demanded an inquiry by the country......
Proceedings against the above William de Wulchirchawe, who held a seld called "Wyncestre Selde," where merchants of Andovere and other strangers came to traffic with their wares, for making illicit bargains, and using a tron. (fn. 36)
Wednesday after the Feast of Exaltation of Holy Cross [14 Sept.], 21 Edward I. [A. D. 1293], presentment made before the Warden and Aldermen by three Wards, viz., Cornhill, Bradstrete, and Bisshopesgate, to the effect that a wall in the parish of St. Benet Fynk belonging to William and Gilbert de Asshindone was detrimental to the King's highway of Fynkeslane. (fn. 37)
Folio viii (xxxii).
[On this and the succeeding folio (fo. ix) are the following ordinances, viz. : (a) Monday after the Feast of St. Matthias [24 Feb.], 30 Edward I. (A. D. 1301-2], a renewed (renovata) ordinance directing the Sheriffs to see that the pleas in the Husting are duly enrolled; (b) Wednesday after the Feast of Annunciation B. M. [25 March], 30 Edward I. [A. D. 1302], ordinance that judgments be given in the said Court in the presence of six Aldermen, also that no will be admitted to probate unless sealed with the attested seal of the testator; (c) Monday after the Feast of St. Edmund the King, viz, 22 Nov., 6 Edward I. [A. D. 1277], ordinance that plaintiffs be at all times ready in Court; (d) Friday after the Feast of St. Martin in Yeme [11 Nov.], 32 Edward I. [A. D. 1303], ordinance that the Sheriffs present their rolls of Novel Disseisin and Mort d'Ancestor on quitting office; (e) Friday after the Feast of St. Gregory [12 March], 34 Edward I. [A. D. 1305-6], ordinance that one at least of certain Aldermen named must be present at Sheriffs' Court to ensure due enrolment of pleas; (f) also that writs, before their return, are to be shown to the Mayor and Aldermen; (g) also that the Sheriffs, their clerks and serjeants, pay due obedience to their superiors. These ordinances are printed, with slight variation, both in the 'Liber Custumarum' (i. 88-91), and the 'Liber Albus' (i. 402-5). They are also to be found in the 'Liber Horn' (fos. 269-271.)- Editor.]
Friday after the Feast of St. Gregory [12 March], 34 Edward I. [A. D. 1305-6], terms of reconciliation between Sir John le Blound, Mayor, and Reginald de Thunderle, Sheriff of London. (fn. 38)