Calendar of Letter-Books of the City of London: E, 1314-1337. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1903.
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Folios xli - l
Writ to the Mayor and Sheriffs that their next election be made according to ancient custom by the Aldermen and other of the more discreet and powerful citizens, and that proclamation be made that no one take part in such election unless specially summoned. Dated at Westminster, 4 July, 8 Edward II. [A.D. 1315]. (fn. 1)
[Fos. xli b, xlii blank.]
Folio. xlii b.
Writ to the Mayor and Sheriffs that they inquire whether Miles "Hansum" de Gloucestre was a clerk (as he declares) and not a merchant when he entered into a recognizance of debt due to Simon Bolet, according to the form of the statute of Acton Burnel, (fn. 2) which prescribed that recognizance should be made only between merchant and merchant; and that they do speedy justice therein. Dated at Walsyngham, 6 Oct., 9 Edward II. [A.D. 1315].
Writ to the Mayor and Sheriffs to make proclamation that no merchant sell canvas, linen cloth (lineam telam), napery, or like cloth before it has been measured, according to custom (prout moris est (fn. 3)), by John Pecok, senior, who had been appointed by the King to the office of Alnager (fn. 4) of canvas, linen cloth, napery of England and elsewhere, wadmell, (fn. 5) Heydok, Mendeps, Kerseys, (fn. 6) says (fn. 7) of Louth, Worsted, Norwich, Ireland, and Causton, and all other says and scarlets, and all kinds of cloth of Lincoln, Essex, Norfolk, Suffolk, Kent, "Stanford," Beverley, St. Osith, Devon, and Cornwall. Dated at Lincoln, 30 Aug., 9 Edward II. [A.D. 1315].
Pursuant to the above writ, Stephen de Abyndone, the Mayor, summoned good men of the misteries (officiis) of drapers, mercers, corders, and others of the Commonalty on Wednesday before the Feast of St. Edmund, K. [20 Nov.], and caused the writ to be read to them, asking them if they agreed that the aforesaid John ought to and could exercise that office without prejudice to the City's liberty. To which they made answer that it was never accustomed for any Alnager to exercise his office in the City except as touching canvas, linen cloth, and napery, and this when he was called at the will of the vendor and purchaser in the event of a disagreement between them as to measurement. In the case of other cloths, however, it had never been the custom in the City for any Alnager to meddle, &c., and they would not permit otherwise, &c.
(The same day there were elected good men of the City to go to the Parliament at Lincoln at the Feast of St. Hillary [13 Jan.], 9 Edward II. [A.D. 1315-16], viz., Robert de Keleseye, William Trente, John de la Chaumbre, Hamo de Chiggewelle, Matthew de Essex, Simon de Abyndone, and Roger le Paumer. (fn. 8))
Folio. xliii b.
Writ to the Mayor and Aldermen reciting the custom of the City as to the probate and enrolment of wills in the Husting, and bidding them grant full execution (and not partial execution, as they had done) of the will of Edmund Horn. (fn. 9) Dated at "Kynggisclyftone," (fn. 10) 2 Nov., 9 Edward II. [A.D. 1315].
Return made to the effect that full execution of the will of Edmund Horn had been done according to the law and custom of the City; but they ought not to remove any process of matters in the Husting of London before any Justices, except the Justices sitting at St. Martin le Grand, to correct any error in the Husting, and this according to the custom of the City aforesaid.
Writ to the Mayor and Sheriffs that they admit John de Wengrave to act as Coroner in the place of Walter Waldeshef, the King's Butler, to whom the office of Coroner in the City appertains. Dated at Dittone, 2 Oct., 9 Edward II. [A.D. 1315].
Friday before the Feast of SS. Perpetua and Felicitas [7 March], 9 Edward II. [A.D. 1315-16], the masons of the City appeared on summons before Stephen de Abyndone, the Mayor, John de Gisors, Nicholas de Farendone, John de Wengrave, William de Leire, Robert de Keleseye, and John de Lincoln, Aldermen, and were told to elect six paviours, experienced and responsible men, to repair the pavement of the streets of the City. Thereupon election was made by the following masons, viz., Master Michael le Maceoun, Simon de Pabenham, Adam le Marberer, Walter de Depenhale, Robert Pavy, (fn. 11) Hugh de Tichemers, William le Hore, John Child, and others [not named], who chose Richard de Felmersham, Richard de Banneberi, William de Ledrede, John de Gudeford, John de Okele, and William le Lung, paviours, and they came before the Mayor and Aldermen and were sworn to keep the pavement of the City in repair.
Afterwards, viz., on Tuesday after the Feast of St. Edmund, K. [20 Nov.], 10 Edward II. [A.D. 1316], came Thomas de Chalgrave before John de Wengrave, the Mayor, and was admitted a paviour, and sworn, &c.
Folio. xliv b.
Ordinance made before Stephen de Abyndone, the Mayor, and the rest of the Aldermen, by Roger Hosebonde, Roger le Palmere, Richard atte Holmes, John de Stebenhethe, Ralph de Berkwey, Elyas de Berkewey, Robert le Huthereve, Walter Nel, Roger de Suthcote, William de Cheyham, Thomas de Crokesle, Robert Hod, Roger atte Vigne, Robert Heyne, John Cosyn, [and] Richard de Shepertone, to the effect (inter alia) that no man, denizen (prive) or stranger, bringing corn for sale by land or water shall sell the same otherwise than at the four places (fn. 12) assigned of old, under penalty of forfeiture of the same to the King; that corn brought by water to Queenhithe by strangers shall be publicly exposed for sale when the hour of prime begins to be rung at St. Paul's under the survey of four good men appointed and sworn to watch strangers coming and selling and the purchase by denizens; that corn shall not be bought and sold by sample, and no stranger shall sell to stranger; and the same conditions shall be kept in the corn markets of Billingsgate, Gracechurch, and the Pavement; that no cornmonger, baker, brewer, or other person buy corn in the City or on its way to the City to sell again under pain of forfeiture; that no denizen associate himself with a strange cornmonger nor avow his merchandise; that no denizen retailer of corn stand on the Pavements (fn. 13) among foreign dealers, but stand apart, and not deliver his corn by parcels or in gross to a foreigner to sell under penalty of forfeiture. Also that no denizen nor stranger let his house to a baker on a contract to share the profits of the oven, nor shall a baker let his business to another, whether denizen or stranger. And forasmuch as many denizens and strangers have heretofore delivered money to cornmongers and others frequenting markets in the country (uppelaund) for the purchase of corn, granting them a commission of 2d. or 3d. on every quarter bought, to the enhancement of the price of corn near London, such practice is forbidden.
[Folios. xlv blank.]
Folio. xlv b.
Monday before the Feast of St. Thomas [21 Dec.], 9 Edward II. [A.D. 1315], the guardianship of William, son of Henry de Coventre, cordwainer, aged six years, John, another son, aged two, and of Johanna, daughter of the same, aged seven, was entrusted to John de Whight and Isabella his wife, relict of the said Henry and mother of the said children, by Stephen de Abyndone, the Mayor, John de Gisors, John de Wengrave, and Robert de Keleseye, Aldermen, together with certain sums of money received from William de Combe and John de Bechesworth, executors of the aforesaid Henry. Sureties, viz., Thomas de Wight, taverner, and Walter, son of Richard Gladewyn, senior.
(Afterwards, viz., at the Court of Pleas of Land held in the Husting on Monday before the Feast of St. Gregory [12 March], 2 Edward III. [A.D. 1327-8], the above William, son of Henry de Coventre, was adjudged by the Mayor and Aldermen to be of sufficient age to receive his property, which was delivered to him by the above Walter, son of Richard Gladewyne.)
Another writ to the Mayor and Aldermen on behalf of William de Burgh and Margery his wife, characterizing the City's return to the last writ (fn. 14) demanding full execution of the will of Edmund Horn as frivolous and insufficient, and prejudicial to the royal dignity. They are to make a further return and appear in person before the King in the octave of St. Hillary. Witness, R[oger] le Brabanzon, at Westminster, 6 Dec., 9 Edward II. [A.D. 1315].
The above writ was returned, "it had come too late," with the common consent of the Mayor and Aldermen, &c. And the return was delivered to John de Camera, Alderman, who had been sent to the Parliament at Lincoln, &c.
Folio. xlvi b.
Writ to the Mayor and Sheriffs for two or three discreet merchants to attend the Parliament to be held at Lincoln (fn. 15) on the quinzaine of St. Hillary for the purpose of considering the advisability of establishing a wool staple at Calais, as desired by the King of France. Dated at Doncastre, 16 Dec., 9 Edward II. [A.D. 1315].
Pursuant to the above writ, the Mayor summoned the Commonalty and caused it to be read before the good men of the City, and they elected William de Coumbemartyn, John de Burford, Ralph de Walcote, William de Flete, and Simon de Abyndone. (fn. 16)
Writ to the Sheriffs for the election of two of the more discreet and laborious (ad laborandum potencioribus) citizens to represent the City at the Parliament at Lincoln. Dated at Impyngtone, (fn. 17) 16 Oct., 9 Edward II. [A.D. 1315]. (fn. 18)
Another writ to the Mayor and Sheriffs touching the appointment of John Pecok, senior, to the office of Alnager of canvas, cloth, &c., and bidding them make proclamation that no one presume to sell cloth, &c., before it has been measured by the said John or his attorney. Dated at "Kynggesclipestone," (fn. 19) 26 Dec., 9 Edward II. [A.D. 1315].
By reason of the above writ, Stephen de Abyndone, the Mayor, caused all the Aldermen and good men of the City to assemble on Thursday after the Feast of St. Hillary [13 Jan.], and, having read the writ to them, took counsel as to what should be done, because this writ differed from the former writ on the same subject, inasmuch as in the former writ words were inserted to the effect that the said John should execute the aforesaid office as hitherto accustomed and prout moris est, (fn. 20) which words do not appear in the present writ, which seemed therefore to be altogether prejudicial to the liberties of the City. Thereupon it was agreed that for the present the Mayor and certain Aldermen and citizens should go to the Chancellor and Treasurer at Westminster and beg a postponement of the proclamation until the Parliament should meet at Lincoln on the quinzaine of St. Hillary [13 Jan.]. This the Chancellor and Treasurer refused, and peremptorily ordered proclamation to be made on a certain day. After further consultation between the Mayor, Aldermen, and citizens it was decided that the proclamation should not be made according to the terms of the writ, but, lest the Mayor and Sheriffs should be guilty of contempt, it was agreed that the Mayor and Aldermen should go again to the King's Council and ask for a respite until Parliament should have met, &c. This was accordingly done, and the desired respite was allowed.
Afterwards, viz., on Tuesday before the Annunciation B. M. [25 March], 9 Edward II. [A.D. 1315-16], an assembly of the Commonalty was held, there being present Stephen de Abyndone, the Mayor, Nicholas de Farendone, John de Gisors, William de Leire, William Trente, Richard de Gloucestre, Roger de Paris, Hamo Godchep, John Lambyn, Roger de Frowyk, Robert de Keleseye, John de la Chaumbre, and Henry de Gloucestre, Aldermen, when it was agreed to endeavour to obtain a confirmation from the King's Council of the charters of the City's liberties, as well as of certain articles which are of the City's ancient right, but which had been set aside by certain Justices. (fn. 21)
And be it known that the Mayor and Aldermen went before the Earl of Lancaster, Sir Walter de Norwich, the Treasurer, Sir John de Sendale, the Chancellor, and other magnates of the King's Council sitting at St. Paul's, and offered the lord the King the sum of 500 marks for a confirmation of their liberties, and £500 for a renewal of the said articles to be set out in a charter.
Folio. xlvii b.
Writ to the Mayor and Sheriffs issued by John Walewayn, the King's escheator this side the Trent, bidding them to summon eighteen good and true men of the Ward of Nicholas de Farendone Without, to meet him at the church of St. Bride, near Flete Bridge, on Sunday after the Feast of St. Hillary [13 Jan.], to inquire on oath as to the lands and tenements which belonged to Edward Burnel at the time of his decease, and as to other matters touching his office of escheator, according to the terms of the King's writ therein directed to him. Dated at Westminster, Friday after the Feast of St. Hillary [13 Jan.], 9 Edward II. [A.D. 1315-16].
Friday before the Feast of Conversion of St. Paul [25 Jan.], 9 Edward II. [A.D. 1315-16], John le White de Lubyk, merchant, attached to answer before Stephen de Abyndone, the Mayor, and Hamo Godchep and William de Bodele, the Sheriffs, a charge of having bought goods seized at sea and carried them to Scotland to the King's enemies and elsewhere, and of having substituted his own mark for the marks of the true owners on the said goods, so that they could not be claimed. The said John pleaded not guilty, and put himself on the country. A jury summoned and day named, the said John being mainprised by Robert Parson and John le Lung. The jurors, viz., Robert de Dodeford, John Cocoun (Cotoun?), Elyas de Warewyk, Elias de Thorp, John de Prestone, John de Langele, Reginald de Ailesbury, Alexander Pyk, Adam Ludekyn, John de Romeneye, John de Hadham, and Robert de Alegate, find him not guilty.
Wednesday after the Feast of the Conversion of St. Paul [25 Jan.], 9 Edward II. [1315-16], the guardianship of William, Thomas, and Margery, children of William atte Vigne (fn. 22) and Isabella his wife, entrusted to the said Isabella and John atte Ponde, her then husband, they giving the customary security and exonerating Thomas Prentiz and Simon de Canterbury, executors of the aforesaid William atte Vigne.
Afterwards, viz., on Friday before the Purification B. M. [2 Feb.], came the above Thomas Prentiz and delivered to the said John and Isabella the sum of £30 to the use of Thomas and Margery. Sureties for the said John and Isabella, viz., Robert le Treyere and Wymond Brother.
Folio. xlviii b.
Tuesday after the Feast of St. Gregory [12 March], 9 Edward II. [A.D. 1315-16], recognizance by Agnes de Braghing, executrix of James, son of Fulk de St. Edmund, late Sheriff of London, of a debt of £16 due to Roger le Palmere, senior, on account of the joint-shrievalty of the said Roger and James. (fn. 23)
Writ of Privy Seal to the Mayor, Aldermen, and Sheriffs, desiring them to give the office of the Small Beam (petite Trone (fn. 24)) to "Elys," son of Edmund de Beyville, for life. Dated at Clipestone, 28 Feb., 9 Edward II. [A.D. 1315-16].
Reply to the effect that the said office appertained to the ferm of the City, and that, according to the custom of the City, no one could be appointed to execute it unless he could give his personal attention to its duties, and was a man of some experience, and was, moreover, elected by the Commonalty and sworn to weigh truly between merchant and merchant whenever required. They pray, therefore, that the King will not take it ill that they had not carried out his wishes. Dated 20 March, 9 Edward II. [A.D. 1315-16].
Saturday after the Feast of St. Matthias [24 Feb.], 9 Edward II. [A.D. 1315-16], the guardianship of John and Cristiana, children of Geoffrey Hurel, (fn. 25) entrusted to Johanna, relict of the said Geoffrey, by Stephen de Abyndone, the Mayor, John de Wengrave, William de Leire, Richard de Gloucestre, Robert de Keleseye, Simon Corp, Elyas de Suffolk, and Roger de Paris, Aldermen, she answering for the property of the said children, subject to deductions as decreed by the Dean of the church of St. Mary le Bow (fn. 26) (de Arcubus), owing to the estate of the testator being insufficient to pay legacies in full. Among the property so to be accounted for are rents of a tenement and wharf situate in the parish of St. Dunstan towards the Tower, left by the testator jointly to the aforesaid Johanna and to John and Adam his sons. Sureties, viz., Adam Ludekyn, John de Romeneye, John de Mockyng, senior, and Ralph le Taverner de Billingg[esgate].
Folio. xlix b.
The guardianship of Agnes, daughter of John Laurence, entrusted to John Thedmar and Amy his wife, aunt of the said Agnes, to whom the property of the said Agnes could not come by hereditary descent. Sureties, viz., Stephen de Prestone, Jordan de Langgele, Robert le Treyere, and John Cros.
Saturday after the Feast of St. Margaret [20 July], 13 Edward II. [A.D. 1319], the guardianship of Isabella and Johanna, daughters of John le Lorymer, entrusted to Robert de Baldok, carpenter, and Margery his wife, relict of the said John and mother of the said children, by John de Wengrave, the Mayor, N[icholas] de Farndone, J[ohn] de Gisorz, J[ohn] de la Chambre, H[amo] de Chiggewelle, W[illiam] de Leire, Aldermen, and the Commonalty. Sureties, viz., Gerard le Barbier de Holeburne and William le Cordewaner de Holeburne.
Writ to the Sheriffs of London to cause proclamation to be made in the City against demanding prisage and purveyance of ecclesiastics under penalty prescribed by the Statute of Westminster (anno 3 Edward I.), (fn. 27) and for the strict observance of the Ordinance on the subject lately made. (fn. 28) Dated at Westminster, 10 April, 9 Edward II. [A.D. 1316]. (fn. 29)
Folio. l b.
Writ to the Mayor, Sheriffs, and the rest of the citizens of London to the effect that whereas a grant had been made to them of certain customs to be levied on merchandise coming to the City for one whole year from the Feast of the Annunciation last past to aid them in enclosing the gate and gaol of Newegate and repairing and maintaining the said gaol, the King extends the term for levying such customs to another year from the expiration of the said term on condition that, out of the proceeds, they cause to be completed the wall of the City between the river Flete and the house of the Preaching Friars as far as the Thames, (fn. 30) together with a new turret adjoining the wall begun and not completed, and further, that they cease to exact pontage on goods passing over or under London Bridge recently granted to them by the King's father. After the expiration of this second year the customs aforesaid are to cease. Dated at Westminster, 28 May, 8 Edward II. [A.D. 1315].
Schedule of murage chargeable on divers goods. (fn. 31)
For every wey (peisa) of cheese, unguent, tallow, and butter, 1d.; for a wey of lead, ¼d.; for a hundred (centena) of wax, 2d.; for a hundred of almonds and rice, 1d.; for a hundred of grain (grane (fn. 32)), 12d.; for a hundred of pepper, ginger, cetewale, (fn. 33) cinnamon (kanell'), frankincense, brasil, quicksilver, vermilion, and verdigris (viridis greci), 2d.; for every hundred of cummin, alum (aluminis), sugar, licorice, aniseed (anic'), turpentine (ciromentani (fn. 34)), pione (pion' (fn. 35)), gold pigment (auripigmenti), 1d.; for a hundred of sulphur, argoile (arguell' (fn. 36)), gall (?) (atramenti), resin, copperas (coperos'), and reed (?) (calami), ¼d.; for a large "frail" (fraello) of figs and raisins, ½d.; and for a small one, ¼d.; for a pound of clove (gariophili), nuts, muscatels (musc'), mace, cubebs, saffron, and silk, ¼d.; for a bushel of gingerbread (gingiberati (fn. 37)), 1d.; for a hundred of copper, brass, tin, ½d.; for a hundred of glass, ¼d.; for a thousand (miller' (fn. 38)) of best grey work (grisei operis (fn. 39)), 12d.; for a thousand of red work (ruffi operis), 6d.; for a thousand of Rosekyn, (fn. 40) 4d.; for a hundred of coney-skins (cuniculorum), ½d.; for a timber (timbra (fn. 41)) of fox-skins, ½d.; for a timber of cat-skins, ½d.; for a dozen genette skins (pellium genettorum), ½d.; for a hundred of sheep's woolfels, 1d.; for a hundred lamb and goat skins, ½d.; for a dozen of leather, 1d.; for a dozen of bazen (fn. 42) (basani), ½d.; for a quarter of woad (weyde), ½d.; for a cask of honey, 6d.; for a cask of wine, 2d.; for a cask of beer for exportation, 1d.; for a sieve of salt, 1d.; for every measure (mola (fn. 43)) at the mill, 2d.; for a dozen (tramis?) of handmills (manumolarum), 1d.; for every mill ad fabrum, ¼d.; for a cask of ashes (cinerum) and fish (piscis (fn. 44)), ½d.; for a hundred of board and oak (borde et quercu) imported from foreign parts, ½d.; for a hundred of board and fir-pole (?) (borde et sape) imported from foreign parts, 2d.; for 20 sheaves of steel (fn. 45) (garbis asceri), ½d.; for every hundred of poumandemer, (fn. 46) 1d.; for every horse-load of serges, woollen cloth (staminis), grey cloth, and linen cloth, 1d.; for 100 ells of canvas imported from foreign parts, 1d.; for a dozen wimples (peplorum (fn. 47)), ½d.; for every cloth of silk or gold, ½d.; for every samite (samito) and cloth worked with gold, 2d.; for a dozen of fustian, 1d.; for every refined cendal (sindell' afforciato), ¼d., and for two other cendals, ¼d.; for every pound (?) (pondere) of woven cloth (tele) imported from foreign parts, 6d.; for every hundred weight (centena ponderis) of baterie, (fn. 48) viz., bacins, dishes, pots and posnets (pocinorum), 1d.; for every cloth of Flanders dyed and refined (afforciato), 2d.; for every estauford (fn. 49) from the same parts, 1d.; for a dozen of hose from the same parts, ½d.; for a hood (caperacio), 1d.; for every borel (fn. 50) (burello) from Normandy or elsewhere, ½d.; for every dozen of black and white monk's cloth (panni monachal'), ½d.; for every bale (trussello) of cloth coming to London for exportation, 18d.; for every English cloth dyed and russet, except of scarlet, coming to London to be sold, 2d.; for every scarlet cloth, 6d.; for every summer cloth (panno estivali) coming from Staunford or Norhamptone or elsewhere in England to be sold in London, 1d.; for a dozen of blankets (chalonum), 1d.; for every pound (pondere) of other merchandise coming to London not mentioned above, 4d.; for a shipload (navata) of sea-coal, 6d.; for a shipload of turf, 2d.; for a scout (fn. 51) (scutata) of underwood, 2d.: for a batel (batella) of underwood, 1d.; for a scout (scutata) of hay, 2d.; for a quarter of corn coming to London by land or water for sale, ¼d.; for two quarters of wheat, barley, mesline (fn. 52) (mixtilionis), pease, and beans, ¼d.; for four seams (summis (fn. 53)) of oats, ¼d.; for two quarters of grout (grutti) and malt, ¼d.; for every horse for sale of the value of 40s. or more, 1d., and for a horse of less value, ½d.; for every ox and cow, ½d.; for six pigs, ½d.; for ten sheep, ½d.; for five porkers (baconibus) for sale, ½d.; for ten gammons of bacon (pernis), ½d.; for every burel (burello) manufactured in London leaving the City, 1d.; for every cart laden with fish coming to London, 1d.; for the hull of every big ship freighted with merchandise to be sold in London, except the above, 2d., and for a smaller vessel; 1d.; for every batel freighted, ½d.; for a dozen of salted salmon, 1d.; for twenty-five melvel (milvellis (fn. 54)), ½d.; for a hundred salted haddock, ½d.; for a thousand of herring, ¼d.; for a dozen salted lampreys, 1d.; for a thousand of salted eels, ½d.; for a hundred (centena) of coarse (grassi) fish, 1d.; for a hundred (centum) of salted mackerel. ¼d.; for a hundred sturgeon (piscis sturgionis), 2d.; for a hundred of "stokfissh," ¼d.; for a load of sand-eels (fn. 55) (ceparum), ¼d.; for a load of garlick (allei), ¼d.; for all merchandise not here named of the value of 20s., 1d.
Another writ to the Mayor and Aldermen to the effect that they should postpone the completion of the new turret on the City wall near to the house of the Friars Preachers and forthwith repair the chamber and sewer (cloacam) of Neugate gaol. Dated at Langele, 28 March, 9 Edward II. [A.D. 1316].