Calendar of Letter-Books of the City of London: F, 1337-1352. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1904.
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Friday the morrow of Souls [2 Nov.], 20 Edward III. [A.D. 1346], came Johanna, late wife of John Cosyn, woolmonger, before Geoffrey de Wychingham, the Mayor, Roger de Depham, the Recorder, and Thomas de Maryns, the Chamberlain, and acknowledged that she held the property left by the said John (fn. 1) to Edmund his son, in trust until the said Edmund came of age. Sureties, viz., Thomas atte Vine, woolmonger, and Robert Chauntour, "whittawyere."
Folio cxxxi b.
Monday after the Feast of St. Katherine [25 Nov.], 20 Edward III. [A.D. 1346], John Payn, "webbe," and William le Cook, "webbe," elected bailiffs of Weavers for the year ensuing before Geoffrey de Wychingham, the Mayor, and the Aldermen.
Lease by Agnes de Beverle, daughter of John de Beverle, late mercer, to James de Thame and Alice his wife of an annual quitrent charged on tenements formerly belonging to John de Beverle, goldsmith, brother of the said Agnes, and now held by John de Walpol, goldsmith, in the parish of All Hallows de Bredestrete; to hold the same for a term of nine years from Christmas, 20 Edward III. Geoffrey de Wychingham, Mayor, John de Croydone and William Clapitus, Sheriffs Witnesses, John de Tiffeld, John de Walpol, John de Draytone, William Clerk of Wodestrete, and others [not named]. Dated Tuesday after the Feast of St. Hillary [13 Jan.], 20 Edward III. [A.D. 1346-7].
Wednesday the eve of SS. Peter and Paul [29 June], 20 Edward III. [A.D. 1346], grant by Richard Lacer, the Mayor, with the assent of the Aldermen and the whole Commonalty, to the church of St. Mary de Wolchirchehawe in perpetuity of a plot of land extending from the house of "les Stokkes" up to the gate of the churchyard and situate at the east end of the church, being 7½ feet long on the north side and 4½ feet on the south.
Tuesday before the Feast of St. Lucia [13 Dec.], 20 Edward III. [A.D. 1346], came John de Braughynge, one of the executors of John de Prestone, late corder, before Geoffrey de Wychingham, the Mayor, Roger de Depham, the Recorder, and Thomas de Maryns, the Chamberlain, and acknowledged that he held the sum of £40 left to Robert, son of Johanna de Wandlesworth, by the said John de Prestone, (fn. 2) in trust for the said Robert during his minority. Surety, viz., Gilbert le Palmere.
Afterwards, viz., on Monday after the Feast of St. Lucia [13 Dec.], 21 Edward III. [A.D. 1347], the aforesaid Gilbert paid to the said Robert the sum of £10 for his apprenticeship and other necessaries, in the presence of Thomas Legy, the Mayor, Geoffrey de Wychingham and Roger de Depham, Aldermen, and Thomas de Maryns, the Chamberlain.
Afterwards came Hervey de Lincoln, apothecary, executor of the aforesaid Robert, and acknowledged that he had received all the aforesaid property for the fulfilment of the will of the said Robert, and granted a release to John de Braughynge and Gilbert le Palmere his surety, viz., before the aforesaid Geoffrey and the Chamberlain on Thursday the morrow of the Annunciation [25 March], 23 Edward III. [A.D. 1349].
At a congregation of the Mayor and Aldermen in the Chamber of the Guildhall on Saturday after the Feast of St. Lucia [13 Dec.], 20 Edward III. [A.D. 1346], there being present Geoffrey de Wychyngham, the Mayor, Andrew Aubrey, John Hamond, Richard Lacer, Roger de Depham, John de Caustone, Thomas Leggy, Richard de Berkyngge, John de la Rokele, and Adam Brabazon, came John, son of John de Prestone, late Mayor of the City, and claimed delivery of the goods, &c., left to him by his father, he being now of full age. After personal examination of the claimant and evidence taken as to his age, it was agreed that the goods, &c., should be delivered to him.
Folio cxxxii b.
Grant by John de Pulteneye, Knt., to Humphrey de Bohun, Earl of Hereford and Essex, of the whole of his tenement called "Coldherberwe," (fn. 3) with wharf, &c., formerly belonging to Robert de Hereford, and situate in the lane called "Heywharflane," in the parish of All Hallows at the Hay; to hold the same for life, paying yearly a rose at Midsummer. Witnesses, Geoffrey de Wychingham, the Mayor, William "Claptus" and John de Croydone, the Sheriffs, Roger de Depham, the Recorder, Andrew Aubrey, Henry Darcy, John Hamond, John Syward, and others [not named]. Dated Wednesday the Feast of St. Valentine [14 Feb.], 21 Edward III. [A.D. 1346-7].
Writ to Richard Lacer, late Mayor, and Edmund de Hemenhale and John de Gloucestre, late Sheriffs, to deliver up the goods of Lodewyc Bochel, Francis Bochel, "Bonanici" Loupre, "Skyati" de Sklates, "Ganichu" de Gynysano, and "Laudi" (or "Ludi") Bardoyl, merchants of Luca, recently seized by the King's order by reason of the unlawful imprisonment of Robert, son of Thomas de Bradestone, and John de St. Philbert at the city of Pisa. Witness Leonel the King's son, Custos of England, at Redynge, 6 Feb., 21 Edward III. [A.D. 1346-7].
Writ to the Mayor and Sheriffs for four citizens to attend a Council to be held at Westminster on Wednesday after the third Sunday in Lent, to consult about the state of the navy. Witness Leonel the King's son, &c., at Redynge [15 Feb.], 21 Edward III. [A.D. 1346-7]. (fn. 4)
Tuesday before the Feast of Conversion of St. Paul [25 Jan.], 20 Edward III. [A.D. 1346-7], information being given to Geoffrey de Wichyngham, the Mayor, and the Aldermen, to the effect that Thomas atte Crouche, spurrier, had recently built (jam de novo edificavit) upon a plot of land adjoining the City Wall near the Preaching Friars within Ludgate to the prejudice of the Commonalty, the building was inspected on the following Friday by the said Mayor and by Reginald de Conduit, Henry Darcy, Andrew Aubrey, Simon Fraunceys, John Hamond, Richard Lacer, Roger de Depham, William de Thorneye, Bartholomew Deumars, William de Caustone, John Rokel [sic], John de Caustone, William de Pountfreyt, Walter Turk, John Syward, Adam Brabazon, and Richard de Berkyngge, Aldermen, and it being found to have been built without licence of the Mayor and Commonalty, and to be to the prejudice of the Commonalty and the Preaching Friars and to the disturbance of the perambulation of the City, whenever that took place, it was ordered to be abated.
Grant by John de Ormesby, "fermer" of the manor of Sandone, co. Herts, to Richard de la Brewere of St. Paul's, London, and to John Leche, fishmonger, of all his goods, &c., in the said county. Witnesses, John Syward and William de Bernes, fishmongers, William de Ippegrave, goldsmith, John de Lancaster, and Robert de Allertone. Dated in the Ward of Castle Baynard on Monday in the first week of Lent, 21 Edward III. [A.D. 1347].
Folio cxxxiii b.
Writ to the Mayor, Sheriffs, and the whole Commonalty of the City of London, directing them to prepare two large ships, each of them manned with sixty well-armed seamen and twenty archers, and dispatch them to Sandwich by Easter Monday at the latest, the said ships to form part of a fleet of 120 vessels under the Admiral of the West, and to be paid for by a certain subsidy of wool and merchandise granted from the 18th March next until the morrow of St. Michael by the prelates, magnates, and good men of the marine of the kingdom assembled in Council at Westminster on the 3rd March last. (fn. 5) Witness Leonel the King's son, &c., at Redingge, 15 March, 21 Edward III. [A.D. 1346-7].
Lease by Thomas, son of Thomas Hauteyn, late pepperer, and Johanna his wife, to William de Holbeche, draper, of a certain tenement in the parish of St. Benedict Shorhog, situate near the tenements of Thomas Carpenter and John de Gisors; to hold the same for a term of ten years from Easter [1 April], 21 Edward III., at an annual rent of 10 marks. Witnesses, Roger Carpenter, Thomas de Holebeche, John de Coggeshale, Nicholas Guillem, William Peautrer, Richard "Monoye Coco," (fn. 6) and Peter de Tilneye. Dated Friday before the Annunciation B. M. [25 March], 21 Edward III. [A.D. 1346-7].
Lease by the same to the same of certain houses in the same parish situate near "Newestrete," and the tenement of Gilbert le Freynsshe called "Curteys"; to hold for a term of twenty years at an annual rent of 40s. Witnesses, Roger Carpenter, Thomas de Holbeche, John de Coggeshale, Nicholas Guillem, William Peautrer, Richard "Moneie Coco," and Peter de Tilneie. Dated Easter Day [1 April], 21 Edward III. [A.D. 1347].
Folio cxxxiv b.
Friday before the Annunciation B. M. [25 March], 20 Edward III. [A.D. 1345-6], sureties found before Geoffrey de Wychingham, the Mayor, and Aldermen by the aforesaid [sic] Nigel for keeping the peace with John Cokenaye de Stratford, viz., William de Iford, Henry Wyliot, Adam de Acres, Walter de Billyngham, Nicholas de Horewode, and Simon de Kelshulle.
Wednesday before the Feast of St. Peter in Cathedra [22 Feb.], 21 Edward III. [A.D. 1346-7], the makers of wooden measures for wine and ale, called "turnours," summoned to appear before the Mayor and Aldermen on the following Friday, when there appeared Robert le Disshere de Wodestrete, John le Turnour upon Lothebury, William Gidyheved of Estchepe, William de Aylesbury of Estchepe, Thomas le Turnour on Cornhulle, Thomas le Turnour of Sholane, and John de Selham, servant of Ralph le Disshere of Wodestrete. Thereupon injunctions were given to them (inter alia) for each to have a mark of his own, the same to be placed on the bottom of every measure, and samples of such marks were to be brought in and delivered to Thomas de Maryns, the Chamberlain, by Thursday after the Feast of SS. Perpetua and Felicitas [7 March], which marks appear at the end of this book. (fn. 7)
Letter from Pope Clement [VI.] to the King, who had sat down before Calais, exhorting him to make peace with France. Dated at Avignon, xviii. Kal. Feb. [15 Jan.], the fifth year of his Pontificate [A.D. 1346-7]. (fn. 8)
Folio cxxxv b.
Acquittance by Richard le Meleward of Great Merlawe, (fn. 9) blader, and Margaret his wife, for the sum of 30 marks paid by Walter de Merseye, blader, and Cecilia his wife, by way of three years' rent for certain tenements in the parish of St. Michael de Bassieshawe Geoffrey de Wychingham, Mayor, John de Croydone and William Clapitus, Sheriffs. Witnesses, John de Tiffeld, Gilbert Palmere, Nicholas atte Rothe, William de Aungre, Roger Peautrer, and John de Draytone. Dated 2 May, 21 Edward III. [A.D. 1347].
Tuesday after the Feast of St. Pancras [12 May], 21 Edward III. [A.D. 1347], came Robert de Thame, mercer, before Geoffrey de Wychingham, the Mayor, and William Clapitus and John de Croydone, Sheriffs, and agreed to indemnify William de Breyntone and William de Watford, fishmongers, against Bartholomew de Draytone de "Est Jernemuthe" and all others on account of a seizure of twenty-four barrels of iron called "Osemund" in the possession of the said Bartholomew, which barrels were claimed by William Godwet, "draper" de Waldyngge, as his property.
Monday after the Feast of St. Petronilla [31 May], 21 Edward III. [A.D. 1347], came John Doune, leather merchant, before Reginald de Conduit, Alderman, and Thomas de Maryns, the Chamberlain, and acknowledged himself guardian of Alice, daughter of William Doo, late leather merchant, aged ten years, and of her property under her father's will, (fn. 10) and found sureties for his conduct, viz., William Spark, armourer, and Cambin Petewardyn, leather merchant.
Folio cxxxvi b.
The names of those chosen in their respective Wards at a congregation of the Mayor, Aldermen, and an immense Commonalty held on Wednesday in the first week of Lent, 21 Edward III. [A.D. 1347], to come to the Guildhall, when warned, on matters affecting the City. (fn. 11)
Lease by Hawysia de Shordiche, widow of John de Shordiche, saddler, and daughter of Hugh de Blithe, (fn. 12) late "fuster," to the Abbot and Convent of St. Alban of certain shops in the parish of St. Alphege in Wodestrete, situate near the property of William Payn and the Abbot and Convent of Lesnes; to hold the same for a term of thirty years. Geoffrey de Wychingham, Mayor, John de Croydone and William Clapitus, Sheriffs, William de Pounfreyt, Alderman of the Ward. (fn. 13) Witnesses, William Payn, Gilbert le Kervere, Roger de Mymmes, John Brokke, and William Clerk. Dated 27 May [A.D. 1347].
Writ to the Sheriffs for proclamation to be made against the exportation of wool before the King shall have levied 20,000 sacks of wool granted to him for carrying on the war with France. (fn. 14) Witness Leonel the King's son, &c., at Redynge, 24 May, 21 Edward III. [A.D. 1347].
Folio cxxxvii b.
Agreement between the Master and Brethren of the House and Order of the Knights of St. Mary of Bethleem and Robert Haunsard and Thomas Gentil, junior, touching a certain chamber with solar and cellar within the close of the moat [mote] of the said House, which the said Robert and Thomas are to enjoy with certain limitations and subject to certain payments, including an annual sum of 3s. to the Prioress and Nuns of St. Elena for the hall called "le Stapeledehalle." (fn. 15). Dated the eve of the Assumption [15 Aug.], A.D. 1346. Witnesses, Thomas de Maryns, the Chamberlain, John de Waltham, Peter de Hakeneye, Geoffrey Sergeant, Geoffrey le Whitawyere, and Thomas le Barbier.
Afterwards, viz., on Monday after the Ascension [6 May], 24 Edward III. [A.D. 1350], it was testified by William de Greyngham, a serjeant, that Brother John de Nortone, Master of the House of St. Mary de Bethleem, had died. Thereupon the said William was ordered to take the said House, &c., into the City's hands, and to answer to the Chamberlain for its issues. On the following Monday came Robert Haunsard, fishmonger, to whom the said Brother John had demised the said House, &c., for a term of years, as appeared from an indenture produced, and asked to be allowed to enjoy his term, and it was granted.
Writ to the Mayor and Sheriffs for proclamation to be made against refusing the currency struck at the Tower, viz., the gold noble, of the value of 6s. 8d., and pieces of the value respectively of 40 pence and 20 pence. Dated at Redynge, 28 June, 21 Edward III. [A.D. 1347].
Wednesday after the Feast of SS. Peter and Paul [29 June], 21 Edward III. [A.D. 1347], Richard de Oxon' elected broker for the mistery of Skinners, loco Walter de Cornewaylle, deceased, by assent of John de Bedeford, William de Cave, Richard de Carletone, Laurence Sely, Adam de Aspal, John de Oxon', John Bole, and William de Bradelee, skinners, before Geoffrey de Wychingham, the Mayor, and the Aldermen.
Writ to the Sheriffs of London and Middlesex to levy on the goods and chattels of the Mayor, Sheriffs, and other men of the City the sum of 50 marks, the said sum being due to the Queen in respect of 500 marks paid for obtaining an exoneration for certain hoblers; also on the goods and chattels of men of the county of Middlesex the sum of 4 marks due to the Queen in respect of 40 marks paid for a like favour. Witness Robert de Sadyngtone at Westminster, 13 July, 21 Edward III. [A.D. 1347].
Folio cxxxviii b.
Lease by Sir Thomas de Useflete, Dean of the church of St. Martin le Grand, and Chapter of the same, to Roger de Forsham and Alice his wife of a certain shop in Sopereslane, in the parish of St. Pancras, for a term of twenty years. Dated 15 July, 21 Edward III. [A.D. 1347].
Pleas held before Geoffrey de Wychingham, the Mayor, the Sheriffs, and the Aldermen, Wednesday after the Feast of the Translation of St. Thomas the Martyr [7 July], 21 Edward III. [A.D. 1347], to inquire who caused an affray in the Ward of Bassieshawe on Thursday before the said Feast. The jurors, viz., Roger le Latoner, John Colman, William Hasel, William Bernard, Henry le Smith, Peter Walkelyn, John Flemyng, Thomas de Sandhirst, Robert Barremakere, William atte Hull, John Webbe, and Henry de Parys, find that John de Hoghton, armourer, caused the affray by attacking William de Farneberwe, armourer, with a knife. Thereupon he was adjudged to be committed to prison for forty days or pay half a mark to Thomas de Maryns, the Chamberlain. The money paid.
Pleas held before Geoffrey de Wychingham, the Mayor, John de Croydone and William Clapitus, the Sheriffs, Reginald de Conduit, Andrew Aubrey, John Hamond, Simon Fraunceys, Roger de Depham, Thomas Legy, and the rest of the Aldermen [not named], Friday before the Feast of the Translation of St. Thomas the Martyr [7 July], 21 Edward III. [A.D. 1347], when John de Burstall was charged by John Capron, who prosecuted on the City's behalf, with having on that day caused two bushels of his own wheat to be secretly carried to the corn market at Grascherche, where he publicly affeered it (afforavit) at 2d. a bushel over the market price, to the deception of the people and the enhancement of the price of corn, thereby causing damage to the Commonalty to the extent of £1,000, &c. The said John comes and defends the contempt, damage, &c., and says he is not guilty. Both parties claim a jury. The jurors, drawn from the neighbourhood of Grascherche, viz., Henry atte Beche, "bocher," Philip de Grascherche, "sadeler," John de Aldenham, William le Fourbour, Gilbert de Suttone, William atte Hill, cordwainer, Walter Caux, Robert le Taverner, William de Coventre, cordwainer, John de Meltone, "sadeler," William le Cook, and Robert le Mareschal, find him guilty. Therefore it is adjudged that he be committed to prison for forty days. (fn. 16)
The same day it was agreed by the Mayor, Sheriffs, and Aldermen, with the consent of the Commonalty, that in future the punishment for such an offence should be the pillory. (fn. 17)
The King's writ for proclamation to be made for the dispatch of men-at-arms, archers, victuals, &c., to Calais with all speed, as information had reached him that the French King had mustered his forces at "Hedyn" (fn. 18) on Tuesday, the 17th July, preparatory to an attack. [No date.]
Folio cxxxix b.
Letters patent appointing John de Bedeford and Adam Lucas commissioners to raise a portion of the 20,000 sacks of wool recently granted to the King (fn. 19) for carrying on the war with France. Witness Leonel the King's son, &c., at Redinge, 8 March, 21 Edward III. [A.D. 1346-7].
Writ to the Mayor and Sheriffs to make proclamation for the speedy dispatch of victuals for the King's army before Calais, inasmuch as the French King, with an immense force, had pitched his tents within three miles preparatory to an attack. Witness Leonel the King's son, &c., at Redynge, 23 July, 21 Edward III. [A.D. 1347]. (fn. 20)
Writ of Privy Seal to the same that they forthwith fit out the best ship of the City with eighty armed men on board, and dispatch it to the King's fleet lying off Calais. (fn. 21) Dated before Calais, 9th Aug. [A.D. 1347].
Folio cxl b.
Pleas held before Geoffrey de Wychingham, the Mayor, and the Aldermen, Tuesday after the Feast of St. James [25 July], 21 Edward III. [A.D. 1347]-Walter le Thresshere attached to answer a charge of having affeered (afforavit) his own corn in the market at Neugate at 3½d. more than the market price, to the damage to the Commonalty of £2,000. The said Walter comes and defends the contempt, &c., and says he is not guilty and puts himself upon the country, and William de Iford, who prosecutes for the Commonalty, likewise. The jurors, viz., Elyas Fraunceys, John Chaundeler, John White, Richard Pursere, Geoffrey Cook, John de Gippewyc, William Sherman, John de Ely, "shethere," Richard atte Hulle, Stephen Plomer, William Clerk, and John atte Hyde, find the said Walter guilty. Therefore he is adjudged the punishment of the pillory. (fn. 22)
Writ to the Sheriffs to make proclamation for merchants and others desirous of taking up their residence in the town of Caleys, recently come into the King's hands, to arrive before the 1st September next, when accommodation at a low rent would be provided for them, &c. Witness Leonel the King's son, &c., at Redynge, 12 Aug., 21 Edward III. [A.D. 1347]. (fn. 23)
Tuesday the eve of the Assumption [15 Aug.], 21 Edward III. [A.D. 1347], came Alice, widow of Stephen le Mazerer, before Geoffrey de Wychingham, the Mayor, the Aldermen, and Thomas de Maryns, the Chamberlain, and acknowledged herself guardian of Richard, son of the said Stephen, and of his patrimony, and she found sureties, viz., Simon atte Gate, "bocher," and John de Thorneye, "paternostrer."