BHO

Folios clxxi - clxxx: Dec 1349 -

Pages 201-211

Calendar of Letter-Books of the City of London: F, 1337-1352. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1904.

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Folio clxxi.

Br'e de vine tarus et pis e narus et aiiis mesteris pro forstallacione victual'.

Writ to the Mayor and Sheriffs for proclamation to be made against vintners, fishmongers, &c., forestalling the market Witness the King at Westminster, 20 Dec., 23 Edward III.[A.D. 1349].

Proclamation made accordingly on Sunday after the Feast of the Circumcision [1 Jan.] The writ, after proclamation made, was delivered to Walter Turk, the Mayor.

Folio clxxi b.

Writ to the Mayor and Sheriffs for proclamation to be made against any man-at-arms, pilgrim (peregrinus), or other person leaving the kingdom without the King's permission, and for the arrest of such persons as are found doing to the contrary Witness the King at Westminster, 28 Jan., 24 Edward III. [A.D. 1349-50].

The writ remains in possession of Ralph de Lenne to carry into execution.

Custodia Alic' fil Joh'is de Aylesham.

Friday after the Feast of the Purification B. M. [2 Feb.], 24 Edward III. [A.D. 1349-50], came Nicholas de Waltham chaplain, executor of Adam Chaumberleyn, mercer, who was executor of Alan de Aylesham and of Elizabeth, wife of John de Aylesham, and the same day came William de Weld, draper and Agnes his wife, executrix of William de la Pannetrie, and brought into court before Walter Turk, the Mayor, Roger de Depham and other Aldermen [not named], and Thomas de Waldene, the Chamberlain, divers sums of money bequeathed to Thomas and Alice, children of the aforesaid John de Aylesham. (fn. 1) Out of this money there was delivered to Simon de Worsted, executor of the said John, the sum of £61 16s. of the goods of Thomas, son of the said John, who had died; to the above Nicholas de Waltham the sum of £16 15s. to fulfil the will of the above Elizabeth; to Richard de Prestone, husband of Dyonisia, daughter of John de Aylesham, now dead, the sum of £11 3s.; and to William de Welde and Agnes his wife, another daughter of the said John, (fn. 2) a similar sum. The balance was committed to Simon de Worstede, mercer, and William de Welde, draper, in trust for Alice, another daughter of the said John.

Folio clxxii.

Custodia Thom fil Rog'i Pycott merceri.

Tuesday after the Feast of St. Valentine [14 Feb.], 24 Edward III. [A.D. 1349-50], the guardianship of Thomas, son of Roger Pycot, mercer, committed to William de Todenham, mercer, by Walter Turk, the Mayor, William de Welde and Simon de Worstede, Aldermen, and Thomas de Waldene, the Chamberlain The infant not to marry without the assent of the Mayor and Aldermen for the time being Surety, viz., Richard de Notingham, mercer.

Exoncracio custod' Thom' fil' Rogeri Pycot.

Afterwards, viz., on the 3rd March, 42 Edward III. [A.D. 1367-8], came the above Thomas, son of Roger "Pykot," then of full age, before James Andrew, the Mayor, and the Aldermen, and John de Cantebrigge, the Chamberlain, and acknowledged satisfaction of all property due to him, and he acquitted his guardian.

Folio clxxii b.

Custodia Simonis fil Rog'i Pycol.

Tuesday after the Feast of St. Valentine [14 Feb.], 24 Edward III. [A.D. 1349-50], the guardianship of Simon, son of Roger Picot, committed to Nicholas Ploket, mercer, by Walter Turk, the Mayor, William de Welde and Simon de Worstede, Aldermen, and Thomas de Waldene, the Chamberlain, together with his patrimony. Surety, viz., William de Todenham, mercer. Afterwards, viz., on the 10th May, 42 Edward III. [A.D. 1368], came the above Simon, being of full age, before James Andrew, the Mayor, and the Aldermen, and acknowledged satisfaction.

Custodia Thome de Isselham fil' Joh'is de Isselham de Flete strete.

Monday after the Feast of St. Valentine [14 Feb.], 24 Edward III. [A.D. 1349-50], the guardianship of Thomas, son of John de Isselham, committed to Robert de Asshe by Walter Turk, the Mayor, Roger de Depham and other Aldermen [not named], and Thomas de Waldene, the Chamberlain, together with amessuage in the parish of St. Bride de Fletestrete. The infant not to marry without the assent of the Mayor and Aldermen for the time being. Sureties, viz., Nicholas Lyghtfot, Nicholas de Horwode, John de Horwode, junior, and William Bever.

Folio clxxiii.

Les Articles des Toundours.

Petition of the Shearmen (Toundres) of the City for certain ordinances (fn. 3) to be allowed by the Mayor and Aldermen for the government of the mistery. Shearmen (tonsores) elected and sworn to keep the above ordinances, viz., Jordan de Langedone, John de Oxenford, Richard White, Walter Duke, John de Asshbourne, Richard de Chesham, John de Sandewych, Philip atte March, (fn. 4) Hamo Sherman, Nicholas Dereby, John Calthoppe, John Wassebourne.

Folio clxxiii b.

Monday after the Feast of St. Valentine [14 Feb.], 24 Edward III. [A.D. 1349-50], the guardianship of Isabella, daughter of Richard de Hakeneye, late Alderman, committed to Richard her brother, together with divers chattels, as set out, (fn. 5) bequeathed to her by Alice her mother, (fn. 6) wife of the aforesaid Richard de Hakeneye.

Folio clxxiv.

Letters patent appointing John de Stable, mercer, Nicholas Hotot, "laner," John de Cressyngham, and John Martyn, "grosser," to collect the subsidy granted to the King by the merchants of the realm in aid of a naval force for safeguarding the sea, viz., 2s. on every sack of wool, 12d. on every cask of wine, and 6d. on every pound of other merchandise. (fn. 7) Witness the King at Westminster, 28 Feb., 24 Edward III. [A.D. 1349-50].

The above commission delivered to John de Cressyngham in the presence of Walter Turk, the Mayor, on the 4th March about sunset by John de Bray, Hostiar' Recepte.

Articles of the Pynners. (fn. 8)

Folio clxxiv b.

sol ijs. vjd.

Acquittance by Thomas, son of Thomas Hauteyn, late pepperer, for the sum of £80, received from William Holbeche, draper, for rent due for a certain tenement in the parish of St. "Beneyt" Shorhog. Dated 1 Jan., 23 Edward III. [A.D. 1349-50].

Acknowledged before Walter Turk, the Mayor, Roger de Depham, Alderman, and Thomas de Waldene, the Chamberlain, 3 March.

sol ijs. vjd.

Lease by William "Forniaux" (or "Forneaux"), fishmonger, and Margaret his wife, daughter of William Fenyan, to William Sparke, armourer, of a certain shop at the north corner of Bercherslane, (fn. 9) and grant to the same of certain rents, for a term of seven years. Walter Turk, Mayor, Adam de Buri and Ralph de Lenne, Sheriffs Witnesses, John de Coloigne, Ralph de cauntebruge, John de Oxenford, Robert de Stratford, William Credil, and others [not named] Dated 3 Nov., 23 Edward III. [A.D. 1349].

Folio clxxv.

Custodia pueror' Thome de Cantuaria quondam civis et pannarii London'.

Friday the Feast of St. Gregory [12 March], 24 Edward III. [A.D. 1349-50], the wardship of John, Simon, William, and Thomas, sons of Thomas de Canterbury, late draper, committed by Walter Turk, the Mayor, the Aldermen, and Thomas de Waldene, the Chamberlain, to Thomas de Kent, draper, brother of the aforesaid infants on the side (ex parte) of Margery their mother, together with their patrimony. Sureties, viz., John de Hiltoft, goldsmith, William de Hatfeld, goldsmith, John de Enefeld, pepperer, and Nicholas, son of William Lightfot, late saddler (cellar').

Folio clxxv b.

False Cerotece et Pouches combust'.

Monday after the Feast of St. Gregory [12 March], 24 Edward III. [A.D. 1349-50], divers gloves and braels called "bregirdeles" (fn. 10) found upon John Fraunceis de Norhamptone, John de la Cusyn, John atte Stile, Thomas de Wayllyhs, Richard le Pynnere, John de Astone, Richard de Shrewsbury (Salop), Alice Blake, William Tristram, John Chapman, and John Ode were presented before the Mayor and Aldermen as falsely made, and were condemned to be burnt near the Stone Cross in Chepe.

The same day certain false "pouches" found upon Pelegrin de Lessclues, Handekyn Stompcost, Pelegrin Johansone, and Agnes de Salesburi were ordered to be burnt. (fn. 11)

Indentura int' Thom' de Neu port et exec' test'i Simonis de Adyngton'.

Indenture between Thomas de Neuport and Johanna his wife, widow of Simon de Adyngton, guardians of John, son of the said Simon, of the one part, and John Piel, junior, John de Mortone, clerk, and William de Hockele, executors of the said Simon, of the other part, touching property due to the said Johanna and John, made in the presence of John Lovekyn, Henry Pycard, Adam Brabazoun, Simon Dolsely, Richard de Kyslyngburi, John Peche, William de Todenham, Simon de Worsted, and William de Welde, Aldermen, John de Horwode, Thomas de Nichole, Thomas Morys, Thomas Lyllingestone, Nicholas de Horwode, John de Briklesworth, Richard de Somerford, and other good men [not named]. Friday the Feast of St. Gregory [12 March], 24 Edward III. [A.D. 1349-50].

Folio clxxvi.

Br'e de hominib' armatis.

Writ to the Mayor and Sheriffs for the dispatch of one hundred armed men to Sandewych by the quinzaine of H. Trinity [23 May], as the King was about to cross the sea, for the defence of the realm. Witness the King at Westminster, 20 March, 24 Edward III. [A.D. 1349-50].

Ordinacio des Sheremen.

Petition of Shearmen (Toundours) free of the City to the Mayor, Sheriffs, and Aldermen, that, notwithstanding their recent order fixing the price of piece-work in the mistery, the petitioners might be allowed to punish the piece-workers who did their work in a slovenly manner. [No date.] (fn. 12)

Folio clxxvi b.

Br'e pro collectoribus Cus tume lanar' colligend' eligend'.

Writ to the Mayor, Sheriffs, and the Commonalty of the City for the election of two discreet men to collect the King's custom on wool, hides, and woolfells in the City and port of the same, who shall appear before the King and his Council at Westminster on Friday the eve of SS. Philip and James [1 May] next at the latest. Witness the King at Westminster, 16 April, 24 Edward III. [A.D. 1350].

The above writ was not returned because contrary to the franchise, &c. And William de Iford, on the part of the Commonalty, proceeded to the King's Council to excuse the citizens of such a burden, and they were excused, and the writre mains among the files of Common Pleas, anno xxiiii.

Br'e ad certificand' Tes' et Baronib' de Scaccario de hominib' ad arma miss' d'no Regi.

Writ of certiorari to Walter Turk, the Mayor, and Adam de Buri and Ralph de Lenne, the Sheriffs, for a return to be made into the Exchequer of particulars of the armed force alleged to have been dispatched by John de Bedeford, anno 2 Edward III., to the King at Stanhope, and of disbursements made by him on that account. Witness W[illiam de Edindon], Bishop of Winchester, the King's Treasurer, at Westminster, 8 April, 24 Edward III. [A.D. 1350].

Returnum br'is predicti.

Return made to the effect that the Rolls, &c., had been searched, and it had been found that at the King's command 100 men-at-arms and 100 footmen had been sent by the Mayor, Aldermen, and Commonalty of the City to Scotland in aid of the war, each armed man receiving for wages, &c., 100s.; and further that John de Bedeford was their leader, and had in his company 20 men-at-arms besides the aforesaid 100 men-atarms, and 160 archers, who received nothing from the City, &c.

Folio clxxvii.

L'ra missa l'no pape.

Letter from the Mayor, Aldermen, and Commonalty to Pope Clement VI. praying his Holiness to appoint Brother John de Worthyn, the Pope's chaplain, to grant absolution in the City, and that in the event of his decease some other Brother of the Order of Preachers might be appointed in his place, inasmuch as citizens of London were prevented from visiting Rome owing to pestilence and war. Dated 2 April [A.D. 1350]. (fn. 13)

Exoneracio executor' Joh'is de Guldeford de £iiij xxviij: vjs. viijd.

Saturday before the Feast of All Saints [1 Nov.], 23 Edward III. [A.D. 1349], John Lucas, Peter Semere, and Richard de Tiscote, executors of John de Gildeford, (fn. 14) delivered toThomas de Waldene, the Chamberlain, in the presence of Walter Turk, the Mayor, Roger de Depham, the Recorder, Adam de Bury, Sheriff, John de Shirbourne and William de Iforde a sum of £88 6s. 8d. which had been entrusted to the said John de Gildeford by Nicholas Blake, and which had been bequeathed by Peter Nayere (fn. 15) to Nicholas his son.

Afterwards, viz., on Tuesday before the Feast of the Conception B. M. [8 Dec.], the same year, came William de Glendale and Agnes his wife, daughter of Peter Nayere, armourer, Simon de Beverley and Leticia his wife, another daughter of the same, and Isolda, another daughter of the same, before Richard de Kyslyngbury, the Mayor, Richard Lacer, Roger de Depham, Simon Dolsaly, Simon de Worstede, William de Welde, and the rest of the Aldermen [not named], and declaredthe aforesaid Nicholas, son of Peter, to be dead, and proffered his nuncupative will, (fn. 16) proved before William de Bordesleye, clerk of Sir Ralph [de Stratford], Bishop of London, to the effect that he left to the said Leticia, Agnes, and Isolda, his sisters, all goods and chattels bequeathed to him by his father; and they asked that a sum of money in gold, a "mitre," and other ornaments which remained in the custody of Thomas de Waldene, the Chamberlain, might be delivered to the said Agnes, Leticia, and Isolda, according to the terms of the wills of the aforesaid Peter and Nicholas. After examination of the said wills, the Mayor and Aldermen ordered the same to be delivered to the claimants.

Folio clxxvii b.

Poletarii convicti de For stallaria.

Pleas held before Walter Turk, the Mayor, and Ralph de Lenne and Adam de Bury, the Sheriffs, on Tuesday after the Feast of St. George [23 April], 24 Edward III. [A.D. 1350]; Walter Martyn, John Aumbrey, Richard Donmowe, Juliana, wife of Adam le Poleter, Geoffrey Proude, Edmund Gyrdeler, Adam Rote, John de Hamme, John le Cook, Rose la Hokestere, Roger Neubolt, Richard Fader, John Berenger, Is[abella] Poteles, William Tychynglombe, Osbert Wynter, Osbert de Mondene, John Pople, William Pykebon, Walter Thurstone, Agnes Scot, CristinA.D. e Crepulgate, and Rouland Colbroke, poulterers, indicted before the Mayor and Sheriffs as forestallers of poultry. All except Rouland "de" Colbroke found guilty by a jury. William Tychynglombe, who had been formerly convicted of the same offence before Simon Fraunceys, Mayor, and John Lovekyn and Richard de Keslyngbury, Sheriffs, condemned to the pillory, and the rest committed to prison, this being their first conviction. The names of the jurors, viz., John de Somersham, Thomas de Same, John Charteneys, Walter Page, Robert de Hatfeld, John le Clerk, John Herwardstoke, Richard Palmere, Ralph Cauntebrigge, Richard Claveryngge, Thomas Levelife, and Ralph Chaundeler.

Judicium pillorie pro car nib' putridis.

Thursday after the Feast of St. George [23 April], 24 Edward III. [A.D. 1350], Edmund de Ware and Reginald Bridel, "bochers," attached by Adam de Bury and Ralph de Lenne, Sheriffs, for having exposed putrid meat for sale in the parish of St. Nicholas at the Shambles, and condemned to the pillory, the meat being burnt under them.

Pleas held before Walter Turk, the Mayor, and Adam de Buri and Ralph de Lenne, Sheriffs, Friday the eve of SS. Philip and James [1 May], 24 Edward III. [A.D. 1350] John le Wheler, Margery Osekyn, Is[abella] de Hakeneye, William Syvyer, Adam Spicer, John "Reynys," John de St. "Ivos," and Thomas Spencer indicted as forestallers of poultry and other victuals John "Reynes" alone acknowledges his guilt. The rest found guilty by a jury and committed to prison, quousque, &c. The names of the jurors, viz., John de Oxon', Walter Page, Thomas Gander, Richard Bisshop, John atte Dych, Thomas Gatyn, John Bullok, Thomas de Same, Robert de Manhale, John atte Belle, William Danyel, and John le Clerc.

Folio clxxviii.

L'ra miss' sanctissimo Pape pro mag'ro Ric'o "Cleangre," clerico.

Letter from Walter Turk, Mayor, the Aldermen and Commonalty of the City to Pope Clement VI. recommending to his notice Master Richard Cleaungre, a poor theological scholar. Dated 1 May [A.D. 1350].

L'ra miss' mag'ro Nich'o de Hethe pro mag'ro Ric'o de Cleaungr'.

Letter from the same to Master Nicholas de Hethe (fn. 17) asking his interest with the Pope on behalf of the above Master Richard "de" Cleaungre, a simple but learned clerk, who was cousin of Andrew Aubrey. The writers had been induced to ask him this favour, inasmuch as they had heard of his great influence from Brother John Worthyn Dated 1 May[A.D. 1350]. (fn. 18)

Letter from the same to Cardinal Peter of Penestrina (fn. 19) desiring his good offices for securing promotion in the Church for the above Master Richard Cleaungre, who was held in high esteem by the University of Oxford. Dated 1 May [A.D. 1350].

Folio clxxviii b.

Wednesday before the Feast of St. Barnabas [11 June], 24 Edward III. [A.D. 1350], came Thomas le Gardenir, of co. Suffolk, and Elizabeth his wife, widow and executrix of Nicholas atte Mersche, mercer, and brought into court before Walter Turke, the Mayor, Andrew Aubrey, Simon Fraunceis, John Lovekyn, Simon Dolsely, William de Welde, Simon de Worstede, Roger de Depham, and the rest of the Aldermen [not named], and Thomas de Waldene, the Chamberlain, the will of the aforesaid Nicholas, proved before Walter de Merstone, the Commissary ofthe Bishop of London, and also before Richard de Wirmyngtone, the Dean of Arches, in 1346, in which the testator bequeathed the sum of £40 to each of his sons John and Thomas. The said sons being now dead, the said Thomas and Elizabeth prayed that the money might be delivered to them, and their prayer was granted. Thereupon the executors of the aforesaid Nicholas paid over the money, and certain recognizances were cancelled.

Folio clxxix.

Letters patent granting an indemnity to the Mayor, Sheriffs, and Aldermen, and all others engaged in arresting misdoers who had flocked to the City after the cessation of the pestilence (fn. 20) and threatened the peace of the City. Witness the King at Westminster, 29 Dec., 23 Edward III. [A.D. 1349].

Folio clxxix b.

Acquittance by Thomas Gerard, "chiesmongere," to Cristina, late wife of Cambin Fulbert, (fn. 21) executrix of William de Thurnestone, chaplain, uncle of the said Cristina, for all goods, chattels,&sc, due to her under her uncle's will. Witnesses, Roger Ragas, John atte Belle, Master Richard le Mareschal, William de Dalby, Alexander Avenel, Thomas de Santone, clerk, and others [not named]. Dated Wednesday after the Feast of St. John ante portam Latinam [6 May], A.D. 1350.

Acknowledged the same day before John Pecche, Alderman, and Thomas de Waldene, the Chamberlain.

Custodia Thom' fil' Will'i Ostage.

Monday the Feast of St. Petronilla [31 May], 24 Edward III. [A.D. 1350], the guardianship of Thomas, son of William Ostage, committed to William Laurence, fishmonger, by WalterTurk, the Mayor, Roger de Depham, Adam Brabason, William de Welde, Simon de Worstede, Aldermen, and Thomas de Waldene, the Chamberlain, together with his property. Sureties, viz., Ralph de Cauntebrigge, John de Herwardstoke, John Monkoy, and Thomas "Levenyf".

Folio clxxx.

Custodia pueror' Joh'is de Thame.

Thursday after the Feast of St. Petronilla [31 May], 24 Edward III. [A.D. 1350], the guardianship of Henry, son of John de Thame, and Margaret and Agnes, sisters of the said Henry, committed by William de Welde, Alderman, and Thomas de Waldene, the Chamberlain, to Johanna their mother, together with their property, comprising a tenement in the parish of St. Botolph without Aldersgate Sureties, viz., Henry de Frowyk, William Spark, John Peyntour, "fourbour," and Robert de Thame, mercer.

The same day came Robert de Thame, mercer, and acknowledged that he had received the sum of £17 from the above Johanna, to trade withal for the benefit of the above Agnes. Sureties, viz., William de Thame, "blader," and William Spark, armourer.

Folio clxxx b.

Custodia Juliane fil' Ad' Aspal civis et pelli parii London' jumoris.

Saturday after the Feast of St. Barnabas [11 June], 24 Edward III. [A.D. 1350], the guardianship of Juliana, daughter of Adam Aspal, skinner, the younger, committed by Walter Turk, the Mayor, Roger de Depham, Alderman, and Thomas de Waldene, the Chamberlain, to Thomas de Thame, skinner, and Margaret his wife, aunt and next friend of the said Juliana, together with shops in the parish of St. Christopher and a quitrent of a tenement formerly belonging to Nicholas Godewyn, in the parish of St. Mary de Wolchirchehawe Sureties, viz., Ralph de Cauntebrigge, William Laurence, "pessoner," John de Herwardstoke, mercer, Thomas " Levelif," Walter le Forester, and Thomas Spray.

Custodia pueror' Thome de Holbeche civis et pannarii London'.

Tuesday after the Feast of St. John ante portam Latinam [6 May], 24 Edward III. [A.D. 1350], the guardianship of William, son of Thomas Holbeche, draper, and of Alice his sister, committed by Walter Turk, the Mayor, John Lovekyn, Roger de Depham, William de Welde, and Simon de Worstede, Aldermen, and Thomas de Waldene, the Chamberlain, to John Pecche, draper, together with their property, comprising money bequeathed to them by Katherine (fn. 22) their mother, wife of Thomas Holbeche Sureties, viz., Adam de Buri, skinner, and John Custantyn, draper.

Afterwards, viz., on the 10th March, 39 Edward III. [A.D. 1364-5], came the above John Pecche and proved that the above William and Alice were dead, and prayed that he might be discharged.

Folio clxxx-clxxxii.

Ordinacio de stipendus ce mentariorum, carpentar' et alior' opera rior'.

Ordinances regulating wages and prices in the City, by assent of Walter Turk, the Mayor, the Aldermen, and Commonalty, for the redress of loss suffered by the inhabitants of the City during the past year through masons, carpenters, and other labourers demanding unreasonable wages. (fn. 23)

Footnotes

  • 1. Cf. supra, p. 137.
  • 2. The name of this daughter has been inadvertently omitted by the editor in his abstract of the will of John de Aylesham, proved and enrolled in the Husting in November, 1345. (See 'Cal. of Wills,' i. 483-4.) No bequest appears to have been made to Agnes herself, but she is mentioned as the mother of Margaret, wife of William de la Panetrie, who had 10 marks on her marriage.
  • 3. Set out in 'Memorials,' pp. 247-8.
  • 4. Of the above eight names six are struck through and marked as dead, sick, or as living outside the City—another significant proof of the ravages of the Black Death.
  • 5. See 'Memorials,' pp. 248-9.
  • 6. Her will proved and enrolled in the Husting on the same day as provision was made for the guardianship of her daughter. She probably fell a victim to the Plague. 'Cal. of Wills, 'i. 625-6.
  • 7. Vide supra, pp. 159-60, 178.
  • 8. The ordinances which follow are struck out because entered in Letter-Book G, fo xlviii, as noted in the margin.
  • 9. Birchin Lane.
  • 10. According to Riley ('Memorials,' p. 134n.) "brace girdles," belts for supplying the place of "braels" or braces; but according to Dr. Murray ('New Engl Dict'.) the term "brael" signifies a breech girdle or waist belt for keeping up the breeches, the etymology of "brace" and "brael'being entirely different.
  • 11. Printed in Riley's 'Memorials' (pp. 249-50) The editor, however, has misread some of the names.
  • 12. 'Memorials,' pp. 251-2.
  • 13. See 'Cal. of Wills,' i. 616.
  • 14. Id, i. 535.
  • 15. The fact that he made a nuncupative will (i.e., a will not in writing) suggests that he was taken ill (of the Plague?) and died suddenly.
  • 16. Set out in 'Memorials,' pp. 250-1.
  • 17. In February, 1351, the civic authorities had occasion to call him to task for failing to obtain certain Papal Bulls for the City for which the Mayor, Andrew Aubrey, had foolishly handed over to him a sum of money. Hewas afterwards committed to prison, but obtained his release by the King's intervention. See 'Cal. of Letters, A.D. 1350-1370' (printed by order of the Corporation), pp. 8-9. Rymer, 'Fodera,' vol. iii. pt. i. p. 255.
  • 18. Set out in 'Memorials,' pp. 252-3.
  • 19. Palæstrina or Præneste. The Cardinal, in conjunction with Ambald (Annibale Ceccano), Bishop of Tus. culum, had acted as mediators on behalf of the Pope to bring about the truce between England and France in 1343 Vide supra, p. 88.
  • 20. The Black Death of 1348-9.
  • 21. His will enrolled in the Husting in 1346. 'Cal. of Wills,' i. 488.
  • 22. Her will (dated March, 1349) proved and enrolled in the Court of Husting in the following May. 'Cal. of Wills,' i. 543-4.
  • 23. Set out in full in 'Memorials,' pp. 253-8 An ordinance was made by the King's Council in 1349 fixing the rate of wages of labourers, whose numbers had been seriously diminished by the Black Death Vide supra, p. 192n.