Calendar of Letter-Books of the City of London: G, 1352-1374. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1905.
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4 March, 35 Edward III. [A.D. 1360-1], the butchers standing at "le Stockes" represent to John Wrothe, the Mayor, and the Aldermen that they (the butchers) should sell their meat at the Stocks on fast days, and that they ought to stand there and sell their meat on the eves of Christmas and Easter, according to ancient custom. They further represent that on the eve of Christmas, 34 Edward III. [A.D. 1360], the fishmongers standing in the same place ousted them from their stalls. They therefore pray a remedy, &c. A day given for the butchers to produce evidence of the alleged custom, and William de Grenyngham, Serjeant of the Chamber, instructed to summon the fishmongers to answer the premises, and also Richard Bacoun and John de Hatfeld, "chaundeler," Wardens of London Bridge, who were to bring with them any documents in their possession bearing on the dispute.
On the day appointed the butchers appear, but fail to produce any documentary evidence of the alleged custom. Thereupon the Wardens of London Bridge produce a deed under the Common Seal of the City, executed during the Mayoralty of Hamo de Chikewelle, confirming an agreement made between the men of the misteries of Butchers and Fishmongers, dated Saturday after the Feast of St. Valentine [14 Feb]., 17 Edward II. [A.D. 1323-4]. (fn. 1)
And because there appeared in the said deed a clause to the effect that fishmongers should sell fish in the place aforesaid on fish-days, and butchers meat on meat-days, but no mention is therein made of the aforesaid two days, viz., the eves of Christmas and Easter, for the sale of meat by butchers, but only that fishmongers shall sell fish there on fish-days and butchers meat on meat-days, it was adjudged by the Mayor and Aldermen that fishmongers should have their stalls in the place aforesaid for the sale of fish on fish-days, and butchers their stalls for the sale of meat on meat-days, as in the aforesaid writing is contained. And if the said butchers can hereafter find any special deed or memorandum of record that they ought to stand in the place aforesaid on the aforesaid eves it shall be allowed them, any judgment to the contrary notwithstanding.
Folio xci b.
Saturday after the Feast of Nativity of St. John Bapt. [24 June], 35 Edward III. [A.D. 1361], the guardianship of Peter, son of John Ofham, late apothecary, committed to Thomas Frowyk by John Wrothe, the Mayor, the Aldermen, and John de Cauntebrugge, the Chamberlain Sureties, viz., Richard Hakenay and Thomas Pipehurst.
(1) Touching the trade of waxchandlers in the City and suburbs. (fn. 2)
(2) Forbidding a plaintiff in the Sheriffs' courts to vouch two witnesses in an action of debt or contract, in order to bar a defendant from offering to acquit himself by his seventh hand (fn. 3) (par sa septisme meyne) or by inquest of twelve men.
(3) Forbidding one freeman of the City to implead another freeman outside the City for a matter done within the City, where a plaintiff can recover before the Mayor and Aldermen, on pain of losing his franchise and of imprisonment.
Writ to Sheriffs, Bailiffs, and others that they uphold Walter de Bedewynd in his office as Treasurer of the Church of St. Peter at York. Witness the King at Carlisle, 20 March, 35 Edward III. [A.D. 1360-1].
Folio xcii b.
22 Sept., 34 Edward III. [A.D. 1360], tenements and rents lately belonging to William de Thorneye, in the parish of St. Mary de Aldermariecherche, delivered to Roger "de" Baltone, "grosser," in trust for John, son of the aforesaid William, during minority. Sureties, viz., John de Gartone, mercer, and John de Enefeld, "grosser."
Friday after the Feast of Nativity B. M. [25 March], 35 Edward III. [A.D. 1361], the guardianship of Marion and Margaret, daughters of Simon "Courtray," painter, committed to Simon Levelyf, "brewere," by John Wrothe, the Mayor, the Aldermen, and John de Cauntebrigge, the Chamberlain. Sureties, viz., Andrew Pykeman, John atte Harpe, and John Wyrhale.
A general release by John de Hurle, executor of Thomas de Waldene, apothecary, to Symon [Langham], Abbot of Westminster. Dated at Westminster, the Feast of St. Michael [29 Sept.], 35 Edward III. [A.D. 1361].
Thursday after the Feast of St. Luke [18 Oct.], 35 Edward III. [A.D. 1361], Richard atte Cherche, "mazoun," elected and sworn before John Wrothe, the Mayor, to be associated with the masons and carpenters in assizes of nuisances.
Sunday before the Feast of St. Luke [18 Oct.], 35 Edward III. [A.D. 1361], proclamation made on the King's behalf to the effect that no vintner, taverner, or other man sell any kind of new wine of "Garscoigne" for more than 6 pence a gallon, under pain of forfeiture and imprisonment, and that every man may see his wine drawn, as formerly was ordained. (fn. 4)
A general release by William, son of William Brangwayn, late vintner, to Richard de Claverynge, draper, executor of the said William Brangwayn, the father. Witnesses, John Wrothe, William de Holebeche, James de Thame, John de Cauntebrigge, John Lucas, Ralph de Cauntebrigge, and others [not named]. Dated in the Chamber of the Guildhall, 22 Oct., 35 Edward III. [A.D. 1361].
Letters patent confirming, with the assent of Parliament, a former ordinance to the effect that foreign clothworkers (operarn pannorum) might freely carry on their business within the realm, (fn. 5) and granting them exemption from membership of the Weavers' Guild, and power to elect two of themselves in every city and borough to supervise their craft. Witness the King at Westminster, 8 Feb., 26 Edward III. [A.D. 1351-2].
Folio xciii b.
Writ to the Mayor and Chamberlain for a copy to be returned into Chancery of a deed enrolled before the Mayor, anno 29 [Edward III.], (fn. 6) whereby John "William," son of Nicholas "Guillim" of Luca, late apothecary, granted to Adam Fraunceys and Hugh de Wychyngham his estate in tenements inherited from his father. Witness the King at Westminster, 15 Jan., 35 Edward III. [A.D. 1361-2].
3 May, 35 Edward III. [A.D. 1361], John Welde, "bakere," delivered to John de Cauntebrigge, the Chamberlain of the Guildhall, the sum of £10 bequeathed by William Chaumpeneys, late baker, to Juliana, daughter of John Chaumpeneys; which sum was delivered by John Wrothe, the Mayor, and the aforesaid Chamberlain to the said John Chaumpeneys in trust for the said Juliana During her minority.
Petition of the foreign weavers to the Mayor and Aldermen for allowance of certain ordinances. (fn. 7)
23 Feb., 36 Edward III. [A.D. 1361-2], John le Gruttere and Peter Vanthebrok, (fn. 8) Flemings, and John Elias, "Braban," elected and sworn to keep and govern the above ordinances and the foreign men of the mistery.
Extract from the will of William Hyde, Minor Canon of St. Paul's, to the effect that he bequeathed to John Hyde, his kinsman (cognatus), the sum of 20s., and to Margery, sister of the said John, 40s., and appointed as his executors Sir John de Ware and Sir Ralph Sampsoun.
Folio xciv b.
1 Feb., 36 Edward III. [A.D. 1361-2], came John, son of Nicholas Larmourer, called "clerk," before John Pecche, the Mayor, the Aldermen, and John de Cantebrigge, the Chamberlain, and showed that William de Iford, who had died, occupied certain tenements, &c., belonging to the aforesaid Nicholas in the parish of St. Margaret de Lothebery, and had received the profits of the same from the date of the decease of the said Nicholas, viz., Sunday before the Feast of Annunciation B.M. [25 March], 23 Edward III. [A.D. 1348-9], until the Feast of the Nativity St. John Bapt. [24 June], 35 Edward III. [A.D. 1361], paying nothing to the said John, who therefore demands that Roger de Faryndon, Rector of the Church of St. Margaret de Lothebury, and William de Grenyngham, executors of the said William de Iford, be summoned to render account. They are accordingly summoned by John Lucas and William Russe, and in due course appear and render account before William Welde, Alderman, and John de Cantebrigge, the Chamberlain, as auditors.
A general release by William, son of John de Wyrcestre, "felmongere," deceased, to Henry Makeseye, skinner. Witnesses, Simon Dolsely, William de Eylesham, John de Cressyngham, Thomas de Pykenham, and others [not named]. Dated 13 Feb., 5 Edward III. [A.D. 1360-1].
2 April, 36 Edward III. [A.D. 1362], John Pecche, the Mayor, the Aldermen, and John de Cauntebrigge, the Chamberlain, delivered to Richard de Charletone, mercer, a sum of money in trust for Thomas, son of Hugh atte Boure, late mercer, during minority. Sureties, viz., Walter Berneye and William Essex, mercers.
Monday the Feast of St. Nicholas [6 Dec.], 35 Edward III. [A.D. 1361], the same delivered to Robert Brinkele, mercer, a sum of money for the same purpose. Sureties, viz., Walter Forester, Walter "Etecroue," John Kestevene, Richard Lamb, John Fyfhide, Thomas Mounteneye, John de Loveye, Ralph Blakeneye, and Geoffrey de Colewelle.
Grant by John Lovekyn, the Mayor, Adam Fraunceys, Henry Pykard, John de Stodeye, Roger de Depham, William Welde, John Little, Simon Dolsely, John Pecche, Adam de Bury, Simon de Worsted, William de Tudenham, Richard Smelt, Bartholomew Frestlynge, William Holbech, Stephen Cavendisshe, John Wrothe, Richard de Notyngham, John de Chichestre, John Malewayn, Thomas "Peerle," Aldermen, and the whole Commonalty, to Michael de Northburgh, Bishop of London, of a parcel of land situate near the stone wall of the Bishop's palace, viz., between the corner tenement called "le Briggehous" and the end of the wall opposite the great gate of the hostel of the Countess of Pembroke; (fn. 9) to hold the same to him, his heirs and assigns, at an annual rent of 40s., payable to the Wardens of London Bridge. Dated in the Chamber of the Guildhall, Monday after the Feast of St. Andrew [30 Nov.], 32 Edward III. [A.D. 1358].
Folio xcv b.
Lease by Thomas de St. Edmund and Idonia his wife to John Burtone, skinner, and Juliana his wife, of certain houses in the parish of St. Martin Orgar, situate near the tenement of Robert Beauchamp (fn. 10) and the tenter ground (ubi tentoria pro pannis tendendis situantur), for a term of ten years at an annual rent of 46s. Witnesses, John Forster, renter (reddituarius) of the aforesaid Thomas, Robert Beauchamp, John Brainton, "glassiere," Richard Forbessur, John Darkbrok, "cordewanere," John Holkote, "chaundelere," Philip Dyer, and others [not named]. Dated the eve of Christmas, 35 Edward III. [A.D. 1361].
Lease by Robert Aleyn, fishmonger, to William Dalby, "hostiler," of a tenement in Grescherchestret in the parish of All Hallows de Grascherche, for a term of three years, at an annual rent of £10. Witnesses, Adam de St. Ive, Richard Chesham, Thomas de Santone, Henry de Bridefort, and others [not named]. Dated 22 Nov., 35 Edward III. [A.D. 1361].
Lease by the same to John Blak', blader, of a brewery and shops in Thames Street in the parish of St. Botolph near Billyngesgate, situate near the tenements of John Wirhale and Ralph de Mortone, except certain tenements held by John atte Mede, "cornmetere," Robert Skynner, and John Gerard. To hold the same for a term of ten years, at an annual rent of 17 marks. Witnesses, Richard de Evre, Ralph de "Martone," Thomas de Swafham, John "de" Wirhale, Roger Coggere, and others [not named]. Dated 21 Sept., 35 Edward III. [A.D. 1361].
Folio xcvi b.
Afterwards, viz., on the 4th March, 36 Edward III. [A.D. 1361-1362], came the said John Blak' before John Pecche, the Mayor, and the Aldermen, and complained that he had been evicted from the above property by the above Robert Aleyn. Judgment in his favour.
Afterwards, viz., on Monday the Feast of the Conception B. M. [8 Dec.], 39 Edward III. [A.D. 1365], came the above Robert Aleyn, and deputed the above John Blak' to pay to Hugh de Ware, fishmonger, a yearly sum of 17 marks during his term in the above property.
2 Oct., 35 Edward III. [A.D. 1361], the guardianship of John, son of William de Wandelesworthe, aged seven years, committed to Henry Precious by John Wrothe, the Mayor, the Aldermen, and John de Cauntebrigge, the Chamberlain. Sureties, viz., John Wycombe, William de Kryngelford, and Hugh de Caustone, " ropere."
19 April, 36 Edward III. [A.D. 1362], the guardianship of Thomas and Alice, children of Thomas de Uptone and Johanna his wife, committed to Robert de Everdone and the aforesaid Johanna his wite by John Pecche, the Mayor, the Aldermen, and the Chamberlain. Surety, viz., Robert Warewyk, draper.
6 Feb., 36 Edward III. [A.D. 1361-2], the guardianship of John, aged one and a half years, son of John Darke, shearman (tonsoris), and Agnes his wife, committed by John Pecche, the Mayor, the Aldermen, and John de Cauntebrigge, the Chamberlain, to Richard Chesham, shearman, and the aforesaid Agnes his wife. Sureties, viz., Adam de St. Ive, "chaungeour," Ralph de Mordone, Richard de Dancastre, John Bullok, and Thomas de St. Alban de Stoppeslee. (fn. 11)
7 Feb., 36 Edward III. [A.D. 1361-2], the guardianship of Agnes, daughter of John Swalclyve, cordwainer, committed by the same to James de Wychyngham, "mercier." Surety, viz., William, son of William de Wyrcestre.
Folio xcvii b.
7 Jan, 35 Edward III. [A.D. 1361-2], the guardianship of Roesia, daughter of Robert Guldeford, draper, aged eleven years, committed by the Mayor, Aldermen, and Chamberlain to John Utlecote (or Utlicote). Sureties, viz., Richard Gillyng and John Payn, "fourbour."
Saturday after the Feast of St. Lucia [13 Dec.], 35 Edward III. [A.D. 1361], the guardianship of Henry, son of Robert de Guldeford, aged nine years, committed by John Pecche, the Mayor, the Aldermen, and John de Cauntebrigge, the Chamberlain, to Sir Thomas Kendale, Rector of the church of St. Augustine near St. Paul's. Surety, viz., William Passeware, draper.
15 Feb., 36 Edward III. [A.D. 1361-2], came Andrew "Pykenham," fishmonger, and Johanna his wife, late wife of Robert Furneux, fishmonger, before John Pecche, the Mayor, Adam Fraunceys, John Little, Thomas Lodelowe, and James de Tame, Aldermen, and John de Cauntebrigge, the Chamberlain, and bound themselves to satisfy the debts of the aforesaid Robert Furneux before Christmas next.
27 April, 36 Edward III. [A.D. 1362], came Blaise de Bury, skinner, executor of John de Bury, before John Pecche, the Mayor, in the Chamber of the Guildhall, and delivered to Sir William, the chaplain and executor of Thomas Talewardyn, certain bonds in favour of the said Thomas Talewardyn, viz. : (1) of Thomas Dolsely, pepperer, in the sum of £20; (2) of Michael Gerard, in the sum of £109 16s. 2d., which bonds the said Thomas Talewardyn had delivered to the said John de Bury, together with a power of attorney to receive the above sums.
Friday after the Feast of St. Luke [18 Oct.], 42 Edward III. [A.D. 1368], came the above John, son of Thomas de Bakwelle, being of full age, before James Andreu, the Mayor, and the Aldermen, in the Chamber of the Guildhall, and acknowledged satisfaction for his patrimony at the hands of Guy "de" Brian, whose sureties, viz., William de Tudenham and Walter Bachiler, are quit.
Tuesday in Easter week [17 April], 36 Edward III. [A.D. 1362], John Pecche, the Mayor, the Aldermen, and John de Cauntebrigge delivered to William Brekles, "grosser," all the tenements, &c., which William de Thorneye, pepperer, lately had in the parish of St. Mary de Aldermariecherche, to hold the same until John, son of the said William de Thorneye, comes of age. Sureties for the said William de Brekles, viz., John de Stodeye and John Piel.
26 April, 36 Edward III. [A.D. 1362], the guardianship of William, son of William "Pountfreit," aged fourteen years, committed by John Pecche, the Mayor, the Aldermen, and John de Cauntebrigge, the Chamberlain, to Margery, wife of Richard Notyngham, mercer. Sureties, viz., Richard, son of Richard Notyngham, Walter Berneye, and Nicholas Ploket.
Folio xcviii b.
Afterwards, viz., on the 16th April, 45 Edward III. [A.D. 1371], came the above William, son of William "Pomfreit," being of full age, before John Bernes, the Mayor, the Aldermen, and the Chamberlain, and acknowledged satisfaction for money due to him.
24 May, 36 Edward III. [A.D. 1362], the executors of John de Crepelgate, cordwainer, came before John Pecche, the Mayor, the Aldermen, and the Chamberlain, and delivered into court the sum of £41 of the residue of the goods left to the sons of the said John de Crepelgate. Whereupon the said Mayor, Aldermen, and Chamberlain delivered the sum of £10 5s. out of the money to William, one of the sons of the said John, being of the age of nineteen years, and adjudged by examination of his body to be able (habilis).
Afterwards, viz., on the 28th May, 36 Edward III. [A.D. 1362], the guardianship of Dionisia, Katherine, and Alice, daughters of the above John de Crepelgate and of Katherine late his wife, committed by the Mayor, Aldermen, and Chamberlain to William Cherchegate and the aforesaid Katherine his wife. Surety, viz., John Blaunche.
And the aforesaid William, son of John, put in his place William de Weteley to collect the rents of the tenement devised to him by John his father, and also to receive in his name his portion of the residue bequeathed by the said John to him and to Dyonisia, Katherine, and Alice, his sisters.
Ordinances to the effect that no one carry any kind of Rhenish wine out of the City by land or water unless it be for the great folk of the land and others to their own uses; also that taverners and others open their taverns for the sale of wine, and not keep them closed, as they had done by reason of the Mayor and Aldermen having put a certain price on their wines; and further, that no one sell a gallon of best "vernage" for more than 32d., a gallon of inferior "vernage" for more than 2s., a gallon of "malvesyn" and "rivere" for more than 20d., a gallon of "crek," (fn. 12) "candy," and "romeneyea" for more than 16d.; and that they sell not "vernage" for "cret," [nor] "romeneye" for "malveysin," but sell their sweet wines for what they are and not otherwise, under pain of forfeiture.
Lease by Johanna, relict of John Chastilon, lord of Thornton (?), co Bucks, to John Makyn, "mariner," of houses and wharf in Tamisistrete in the parish of St. Dunstan near the Tower, for a term of fourteen years Witnesses, Andrew Turke, John de Bartone, Matthew Broun, Richard de Darletone, Richard de Nortone, and others [not named] Dated Easter Day [17 April], 36 Edward III. [A.D. 1362].
Lease by Thomas, son of John Grantham, late pepperer, to Adam de Wroxham, mercer, of a shop and chamber called "Warechaumbre," adjacent in Soperislane opposite "la Brodeselde," for a term of six years Dated 21 May, 36 Edward III. [A.D. 1362].
Indenture of lease by William de Sallowe and Adam de Grymmesby, Wardens of the Church of St. Bride de Fletestret, William de Bathe, Robert de York, William atte Chamber, Thurstan de Chisenhale, John de Lodelowe, Geoffrey Botelstone, and John de Laghtone, parishioners of the same, to John "Devenenesshire," carpenter, and Edith his wife, of a certain tenement in the said parish situate near the hostel of the Bishop of Salisbury and the tenement of Henry de Feveresham. To hold the same for a term of twenty years at an annual rent of 40s. Dated in the church of St. Bride on Palm Sunday [10 April], 36 Edward III. [A.D. 1362].
Folio xcix b.
Ordinances against forestalling corn or other victual coming to the City; against selling "Rynysshe" wine, "vernaille,' or other wine, otherwise than by measure sealed with the seal of the Guildhall or of the Aldermen; against putting wine of Spain and of Gascony in the same cellar; and against preventing a purchaser from seeing whence his wine is drawn.
Writ to John Pecche, the Mayor, Thomas de Lodelowe, the Recorder, and the Sheriffs, to make proclamation forbidding tilers enhancing the price of tiles by pretext of the damage done by the recent tempest, and demanding higher wages for themselves and their servants. Witness the King at Westminster, 28 March, 36 Edward III. [A.D. 1362]. (fn. 13)
Ordinances to the effect that no tiler undertake to cover any house or manor (manoir) except by day work (par journes), the master taking 6d. a day and the man (vadlet) 4d., and no more, on pain of imprisonment for a year and a day and forfeiture to the King; and that no one give more to a tiler, master or man, under penalty of 40s. to the Chamber of the Guildhall; and further, that no one sell solid tiles (plein teeles) for more than 7s. the thousand, and "holewe" tiles for more than 7s. the hundred.
Ordinance to the effect that no one sell or buy any manner of goods of weight (avoir' de pois), spiceries, confections (counfitures), apothecaries', silk, wool, or any other merchandise sold by weight (qeux serount venduz par poys), unless weighed by a weight agreeing with the Standard of the Exchequer and by Balance in such a way that the tongue (la lannge) of the balance be even (soit owel), without inclining to one side or the other, without touching with the hand or foot or anything else the merchandise weighed. (fn. 14) Further, that no one sell by any weight or measure that is not sealed with the seal of the Guildhall.
Proclamation to be made that no one buy fresh-water fish to sell again in the City, to wit roach, barbel, dace (dars), "loches," flounders, "stikelyngs," smelt, lampern, or any other fresh-water fish, but the same persons who take the fish shall sell them in certain places heretofore ordained, viz., under the wall of St. Margaret in Briggestrete and under the wall of "la Maudelyne" in Eldefihsstrete, on pain of forfeiture if they sell elsewhere; and further that no "birler" (fn. 15) nor "hokkestere" sell fish in any fixed place, but only whilst passing through the streets; and that no fishmonger nor retailer buy fresh-water fish to sell again before the hour of Prime on pain of forfeiture and imprisonment for forty days.
Folio c b.
Temp. John Wroth, Mayor [A.D. 1360-1], it was ordained by the Mayor and Aldermen, with the assent of the butchers of Eastchepe, the Shambles of St. Nicholas and "les Stokes," that the said butchers should sell their meat at a reasonable price, viz., the best carcase of a sheep for 2s.; the best "loygne" of beef for 5d.; the best "pestel" (fn. 16) of pork for 3d.; the best "loygne" of pork for 4d.; and so forth, each kind of meat according to its reasonable value.
13 July, 36 Edward III. [A.D. 1362], came burgesses of Northampton before John Pecche, the Mayor. Thomas de Lodelowe, James de Thame, and William Holbeche, Aldermen, and proffered a charter of divers liberties to them granted by Richard, formerly King of England, and prayed that it might be allowed, as in a certain writ directed to the Mayor and Sheriffs more fully appears. Thereupon it was decreed by the said Mayor and Aldermen that the said charter should be allowed within the liberty of the City, and be enrolled in the book of Memoranda in the Chamber as a perpetual memorial.
Charter of liberties to the burgesses of Northampton. Dated at St. Edmund, 8 Nov., by the hand of William [Longchamp], Bishop-elect of Ely, Chancellor, 1 Richard I. [A.D. 1189]. (fn. 16)
Writ to the Sheriffs that they allow burgesses of Northampton to pass quit of toll and lastage (lestagio (fn. 16)) in the City, according to the terms of the above charter. Witness the King at Westminster, 23 May, 36 Edward III. [A.D. 1362].