Calendar of Letter-Books of the City of London: G, 1352-1374. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1905.
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Folio ccci - cccx.
12 May, 47 Edward III. [A.D. 1373], the guardianship of Dionisia, daughter of Ralph de Cauntebrigge, aged eleven years, committed by John Pyel, the Mayor, and John de Cauntebrigge, the Chamberlain, to Robert de "Herethe." Sureties, viz., Walter Forster, Alderman, Nicholas Potyn, and Robert Gille, draper.
The same day the guardianship of Richard, son of Henry de Bretford, aged twelve years, committed by the same to Laurence de Silkestone, spicer, together with shops in the parish of All Hallows de Graschirche and a tenement called "le Cardenalhatte," devised to the said Richard by his father. (fn. 1) Sureties, viz., Giles de Kelseye, tapicer, and Walter Pykenham, "pelter."
Folio ccci b.
12 May, 47 Edward III. [A.D. 1373], the guardianship of Thomas, son of Thomas de Mockyngge, late fishmonger, aged fifteen years, committed by John Pyel, the Mayor, and John de Cauntebrigge, the Chamberlain, to Thomas Moraunt, "pessoner," together with property devised to the orphan by his said father and Alice his father's wife, (fn. 2) comprising tenements in Briggestret in the parish of St. Magnus, in Bercherlane in the parish of St. Michael upon Cornhulle, and elsewhere. Sureties, viz., William Bys, "stokfisshmongere," Thomas Clenche, "pessoner," Thomas atte Nockete, draper, and Thomas de Same, "taillour".
12 May, 47 Edward III. [A.D. 1373], came John Pountfreyt, "sadeler," before the Mayor and Aldermen, and gave up the body of John, son of Henry Bretford (having been appointed guardian of the said John by his father's testament (fn. 3)), together with a seal and silver chain and other property, to John de Cauntebrigge, the Chamberlain, with the assent of Thomas atte Halle de Northampton, to whom the said orphan had been apprenticed. (fn. 4)
23 May, 47 Edward III. [A.D. 1373], the guardianship of John, son of John Shaftysbury, late "felmongere," and of Colecta, Agnes, Alice, Beatrix, and Juliana, daughters of the same, together with the property devised to them by their father, (fn. 5) committed to Arnald Ingelbright, "armorer." Sureties, viz., William Stodeye, "vynter," John Bas, draper, and John de Lye, "pouchemakere."
Afterwards, viz., on the 13th July, 48 Edward III. [A.D. 1374], came the above Arnald before Adam de Bury, the Mayor, and the Aldermen, and asked permission to place the above John as apprentice to William de Loudham (Londham?), "pelter," for a term of eight years, and it was granted, the sum of 46s. 8d. being paid the said William.
Folio cccii b.
3 June, 47 Edward III. [A.D. 1373], an imperfect record of the guardianship of Alice, Nicholas, and John, children of John Wylde, late "lokyer." (fn. 6)
Letters patent appointing William Walworth, John de Chichestre, Walter Forster, John Torgold, John Rothynge, and William de Stodeye to collect the fifteenth granted for one year by the Commons of the realm and the tenth granted by the citizens and burgesses (fn. 7) in the Parliament held at Westminster the morrow of All Souls [2 Nov.] last past; one half of the money to be ready by the Feast of the Purification [2 Feb.], and the other by the Feast of Pentecost [5 June]. Witness the King at Westminster, 24 Nov., 46 Edward III. [A.D. 1372].
Writ alias to John Blokkele and his fellow-collectors of the tenth last granted by the Commons of the realm and of the subsidy for the London barge in "la Tourwarde," bidding them not to exact tallage, &c., from Eustace de Glaston, one of the King's officers in the Tower of London, inasmuch as the King, like his father and grandfather before him, had granted immunity from all tallage, &c., to the Keepers of his Exchanges, and all officers connected with such Exchanges so long as they were in actual service. Witness the King at Westminster, 12 June, 47 Edward III. [A.D. 1373].
Return made to the above writ by John "de" Blokkeley and his fellows to the effect that the above Eustace resided in Tower Ward and traded in the City and held a frank tenement in the same. He had been therefore assessed by his neighbours at 100s. for his part of the last fifteenth granted to the King and for half a fifteenth and a third of a fifteenth for providing the King's barge, according to the amount of his tenements, chattels, and merchandise, like other citizens, and had been distrained by his chattels for his share, and the distress had not yet been given up for the reasons stated.
Monday before the Feast of St. Barnabas [11 June], 47 Edward III. [A.D. 1373], lease by John Pyel, the Mayor, and John de Cauntebrigge, the Chamberlain, to John Lyndeseye, "chapman," and Johanna his wife, of a stall under the wall of the church of St. Martin within Ludgate, opposite the Preaching Friars, for a term of ten years, at an annual rent of 8s.
Folio ccciii b.
3 June, 47 Edward III. [A.D. 1373], the guardianship of Alice, daughter of John Wylde, "lokyer," and of Nicholas and John, sons of the same, committed by John Pyel, the Mayor, and John de Cauntebrigge, the Chamberlain, to William Dene, "brewere," and Cristina his wife, late wife of the said John Wylde. Sureties, viz., Adam Cope, "skynnere," William Hascoumbe, "chaloner," and John Crowe, "lethersellere."
Tuesday before the Feast of Translation of St. Thomas [7 July], 47 Edward III. [A.D. 1373], John de Brampton, "glasiere," and John Geddyngge, "glasiere," elected Masters of the Mistery of Glaziers and sworn to rule the said mistery and present defaults, &c.
Be it remembered that John de Middelton, apprentice of Court (apprenticius Curie (fn. 8)), was sworn before the Mayor and Aldermen on Wednesday after the Feast of Translation of St. Thomas the Martyr [7 July], 47 Edward III. [A.D. 1373], to be of the Counsel of the City at 40s. per annum.
Writ to the Sheriffs to remove Roger atte Basket, brewer, from all assizes, juries, &c., if he be found to be over seventy years of age Witness the King at Westminster, 20 June, 47 Edward III. [A.D. 1373].
Account rendered by William Walworth, John de Chichestre, Walter Forester, John Torgold, John Rothynge, and William Stodeye, collectors of the fifteenth and tenth granted to the King by the clergy (a clero concess') anno 46 Edward III.
The same render account for the sum of £733 6s. 8d. of the said fifteenth and tenth of movable goods of burgesses and others of the Commonalty of the City, granted to the King by the laity (a laic' conc') the year aforesaid, and they are quit.
Folio ccciv b.
Indenture witnessing the delivery of a fully equipped barge called "the Paul of London" to William "Martlesham," mariner, master of the same, for the King's service. Dated 29 July, 47 Edward III. [A.D. 1373]. (fn. 9)
Folio cccv-cccv b.
Writ to the Mayor and Sheriffs for the protection of the rights of the Prior and Convent of the Church of St. Bartholomew de Smethefeld to hold a Fair in Smethefeld for three days, viz., on the eve of the Feast of St. Bartholomew, on St. Bartholomew's Day [24 Aug.], and the day following, (fn. 10) and for the preservation of the peace, &c. Witness the King at Westminster, 6 Aug., 47 Edward III. [A.D. 1373].
Friday after the Feast of Nativity B. M. [8 Sept.], 47 Edward III. [A.D. 1373], Robert Brabason, "stokfisshmongere," committed to Neugate for an assault in the presence of the Mayor. (fn. 11)
Folio cccvi b.
Tuesday before the Feast of Exaltation of Holy Cross [14 Sept.], 47 Edward III. [A.D. 1373] proclamation made to the effect that no one sell wine, sweet or otherwise, for more than 12d. a gallon, wine of "Provynce" for more than 10d., Rhenish wine for more than 8d., and wine of Gascony, red (vermayl) or white, for more than 8d., under pain of forfeiture and imprisonment; also that no one sell wine except in sealed and full measures, and that every customer may see his wine drawn. And further, that any one feeling himself aggrieved at paying more for ale than 2d. a gallon, or buying it in a measure not sealed, shall complain to the Mayor or Sheriffs, and they will do him speedy justice.
Wednesday the Feast of St. Matthew [21 Sept.], 47 Edward III. [A.D. 1373], John Aubrey and John Fyfhide elected Sheriffs for the year ensuing, viz., John Aubrey by the Mayor and John Fyfhide by the Commonalty.
Writ of Privy Seal to the Mayor, Aldermen, and Commonalty complaining that the barge furnished by the City, then in the port of Suthamptone, could not proceed to sea in the King's service for lack of anchors, cables, &c., and bidding them supply the deficiency. Dated at Westminster, 24 Sept., 47 Edward III. [A.D. 1373]. (fn. 12)
Be it remembered that William Martesham, master of the ship called "the Paul of London," on the 24th Sept., the year aforesaid, gave the Mayor and Aldermen to understand that two anchors and two cables belonging to the aforesaid barge were lost during its last voyage. Whereupon John de Caunte brigge, the Chamberlain of the Guildhall, delivered to the said William on behalf of the City the said day 20 marks wherewith to buy anchors, cables, and other necessaries for the barge, and the said Chamberlain holds an acquittance for the same.
26 Sept., 47 Edward III. [A.D. 1373], came good men, common scriveners of court-hand of the City, and delivered to the Mayor and Aldermen a petition that certain articles might be approved and enrolled for the better regulation of their business. (fn. 13)
Folio cccvii b.
That two Wardens (Wardeyns) and Surveyors of the mistery might be appointed to search for bad work and prevent incapable workmen meddling with it; that no one be allowed to take an apprentice before the master has been proved by the Wardens to be a capable workman; that no one conceal work from the Wardens; and that no one forestall anything appertaining to the mistery to the prejudice of others, under penalty prescribed.
The above articles being approved, the following were elected Masters (magistri) of the mistery to govern the same and present defects, viz., Thomas de Stoundone, "coffrer," Robert de Parys, "coffrer," and Gamelyn Mot.
Thursday the Feast of Translation of St. Edward the King [13 Oct.], 47 Edward III. [A.D. 1373], Adam de Bury elected Mayor for the year ensuing in a congregation of the Mayor, Aldermen, and Commonalty.
Writ to the Sheriffs for the election of four citizens, experienced in naval and mercantile affairs, to attend a Parliament to be held at Westminster on the morrow of St. Edmund the King [20 Nov.] (fn. 14) Witness the King at Westminster, 4 Oct., 47 Edward III. [A.D. 1373].
Thursday the Feast of Translation of St. Edward the King [13 Oct.] a certain ordinance recently made by the Mayor and Aldermen was read and approved by the said Mayor, Aldermen, and Commonalty, and ordered to be observed henceforth, to the effect, viz.:—
That no one act as a broker until accepted before the Mayor in the Guildhall and sworn not to meddle with usury nor to traffic for his own behoof, but loyally declare the covenants between vendor and purchaser, and make no bargain except in their presence, nor take more brokerage than is ordained.
Folio cccviii b.
That no denizen nor other person be accepted as broker until he makes fine and pays, as may be agreed upon between the Mayor, the Chamberlain, and him, and be further sworn and find sureties in manner aforesaid. Any one doing the contrary to be imprisoned and further punished at the discretion of the Mayor and Aldermen.
Lodewic Poule de Florence admitted broker and sworn before John Pyel, the Mayor. Finds sureties, viz., John Donat and Reginald Aleyn, "grocers," and Bartholomew Myne, and he will pay 40s. yearly, by equal portions, at Easter and Michaelmas.
30 Sept., 47 Edward III. [A.D. 1373], allotment of plots of land under the wall of the church of St. Nicholas Shambles by John Pyel, the Mayor, and John de Cantebrigge, the Chamberlain, to the following Poulterers, viz.:—
John Depynge, "pulter," holds 6 ft. of common land (de co'a)
at a yearly rent of 2s.
John Tannere, the same at 2s.
William Barbour holds 5 ft. at 20d.
The aforesaid William Cappe holds 8 ft. at 2s. 8d.
Alexander Pulter, 5 ft. at 20d.
Andrew Pulter, 5 ft. at 20d.,
John Clerk, senior, 4½ ft. at 18d.
Johanna Shirbourne, 6 ft. at 2s.
John Hope, 4½ ft. at 18d.
John Phippessone, 4½ ft. at 18d.
Thomas Pelkeshanke, 6 ft. at 2s.
The aforesaid Alexander Pulter, 8 ft. at 2s. 8d.
Folio cccix b.
Thursday the eve of SS. Simon and Jude [28 Oct.], 47 Edward III. [A.D. 1373], came Nicholas Holbourne before John Piel, the Mayor, William Haldene, the Recorder, Adam Fraunceys, Simon de Mordone, John Bernes, Bartholomew Frestlynge, and Walter Forster, Aldermen, and produced an indenture dated 31 Jan., 46 Edward III. [A.D. 1371-2], whereby the said Nicholas covenants with Lodewic [sic], executor of Nicholas Donat, and John Donat and John Trygge, uncles and next friends of Margaret, daughter of the said Nicholas Donat, to pay the said Margaret, his ward, (fn. 15) the sum of £300 at the end of ten years, taking into account only the amount expended in the meantime on her maintenance, irrespective of her late father's debts. The indenture allowed by the said Mayor and Aldermen, and the said Nicholas Holbourne and his sureties to be quit of rendering the customary account.
Afterwards, viz., on Friday the morrow of St. Lucia [13 Dec.], 49 Edward III. [A.D. 1375], the above Nicholas Holbourne came and delivered to William Eynesham, the Chamberlain, the sum of £300, which he had in his keeping for the said orphan, as appears supra, fo. ccc.
Afterwards, viz., on Friday after the Feast of St. Barnabas [11 June], 50 Edward III. [A.D. 1376], William Eynsham, the Chamberlain, paid the above sum of £300 to John Donat, John Trigge, attorney of John Stode, and Nicholas Holbourne, as appears in Letter-Book H, fo. xli.
15 Feb., 4 Richard II. [A.D. 1380-1], account rendered by Johanna, widow and executrix of John Gille, (fn. 16) and John Cokenage, chaplain, William Wadesworthe, and John Chaumpeneye, her co-executors, before William Neuport, William Badby, John Vyne, Aldermen, and Richard Odyham, the Chamberlain, auditors appointed by William Walworthe, the Mayor, by virtue of a recognizance whereby the said John Gille bound himself to produce Robert "Erhythe" to render an account with Thomas Cavendisshe and Dionisia his wife, a daughter of Ralph Cauntebrigge, or, in default, that the executors of the said John should render account.
Friday the Feast of SS. Simon and Jude [28 Oct.], 47 Edward III. [A.D. 1373], in a congregation of Adam de Bury, the Mayor, William Haldene, the Recorder, Adam Fraunceys, John Wroth, John de Chichestre, Simon de Mordone, John Bernes, John Litle, John Warde, Walter Forster, Bartholomew Frestlynge, John Tornegold, John Pecche, John Mitford, William Walworth, John Aubrey, Adam Stable, Nicholas Brembre, and John Philipot, Aldermen, and the Commoners, there were elected by common assent Adam Fraunceys and William Walworth, Aldermen, and John Hadele and William Essex, Commoners, to supervise the expenditure of all money thenceforth coming to the Chamber of the Guildhall for the business and necessities of the Commonalty.
Letters patent appointing John de Cavendisshe, Thomas de Lodelowe, Thomas de Ingelby, Adam de Bury, Mayor of London, and William de Haldene, or any four, three, or two of them (the Mayor being one), to be Justices for gaol-delivery of Neugate. Witness the King at Westminster, 28 Oct., 47 Edward III. [A.D. 1373].
Folio cccx b.
Saturday after the Feast of St. Katherine [25 Nov.], 47 Edward III. [A.D. 1373], Ralph Strode elected Common Pleader (communis narrator (fn. 17)) of the City by the Mayor, Aldermen, and Commonalty, and sworn, &c.
To the Husting held for Pleas of Land on Monday before the Feast of St. Clement [23 Nov.], 47 Edward III. [A.D. 1373], came good men of the mistery of Bottle-makers before the Mayor and Aldermen, and prayed that two or three of the better sort of the said mistery might be elected to rule the mistery and present those found making defective bottles. Their prayer granted, and ordinance made by the Mayor and Aldermen to the effect that every bottle-maker shall place his mark on bottles and other vessels made of leather, in order that his work may be identified.