Calendar of Letter-Books of the City of London: G, 1352-1374. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1905.
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Folio xli - l.
Precept to each Alderman to put the men of his Ward in array pursuant to writ supra. (fn. 1)
Ordinances made at an assembly of the Mayor and Aldermen on Monday before the Feast of the Purification [2 Feb.], 30 Edward III. [A.D. 1355-6]—there being present Simon Fraunceis, the Mayor, John Lovekyn, Thomas Leggy, Adam Fraunceis, John Peche, William atte Welde, Richard Notyngham, Roger de Depham, Simon Dolsaly, William de Tudenham, Simon de Worsted, Bartholomew Frestlynge, and Thomas Dolsely, Aldermen, Thomas de Brandone and Walter Forester, Sheriffs, and John Little, Simon de Benyngtone, and William Holbeche, Commoners—for allaying disputes between mason "hewers" on the one part, and mason layers and setters (masouns legers et setters) on the other part, &c. (fn. 2)
Folio xli b.
Petition to the King and Council that, notwithstanding the Statute made at York in the ninth year of his reign, and renewed by Parliament in the twenty-fifth year, (fn. 3) granting the right of free trading to merchant strangers without tax or tallage, the citizens may enjoy their franchises pursuant to the terms of a charter granted since the said Statute of York, a copy of which is recorded in Letter-Book F, fo. viii [b]. (fn. 4)
Proclamation renewing ordinances touching the sale of ale, to the effect that no brewer nor brewster sell a gallon of the best ale for more than 1½d. and other ale for more than 1d., and these only by measure sealed with the seal of the Alderman, under penalty of half a mark and forfeiture of the ale for the first offence, and of 10s. and forfeiture and imprisonment for the second offence, and that if any retail dealer do the contrary he or she shall lose 2s. for the first offence, and 2s., forfeiture of the ale, and imprisonment for the second. (fn. 5)
Writ to the Mayor and Sheriffs to make proclamation forbidding the importation of wines of Gascony to any other country than England. Witness the King at Westminster, 13 March, 30 Edward III. [A.D. 1355-6].
Writ of certiorari to Simon Fraunceys, Mayor, and the Chamberlain of the Guildhall touching particulars of the property of John Mockyngge, deceased, descending to Nicholas his son, and whether John Malewayn was responsible for it. Witness G[ervase] de Wilforde at Westminster, 11 Feb., 30 Edward III. [A.D. 1355-6].
Return made to the effect that on Thursday after the Feast of All Saints [1 Nov.], 28 Edward III. [A.D. 1354], the guardianship of Nicholas, son of John "de" Mokkyngge, was committed by Thomas Leggy, the Mayor, the Aldermen, and the Chamberlain to John Malewayn, whose daughter the said Nicholas married, together with divers chattels, rents, &c., belonging to the said Nicholas, the said John Malewayn binding himself to render account thereof by sureties, viz., Adam Fraunceys and Adam de Bury.
Indenture of lease by William de Wodehalle, of co. Middlesex, and Isabella his wife to John de Someresham and Alice his wife of certain shops in the Ward of Langebourne, in the parish of All Hallows de Stanyngecherche, for a term of twenty years from Easter [24 April], 30 Edward III. [A.D. 1356], at an annual rent of 100s. Witnesses John Bullok, John Pyriel, Thomas Andreu, Giles de Kelseye, Roger atte Basket, Thomas de Sauntone, clerk, and others [not named]. Dated 20 March, 30 Edward III. [A.D. 1355-6].
Folio xlii b.
Tuesday the Feast of the Epiphany [6 Jan.], 28 Edward III. [A.D. 1354-5], Roger Torold, vintner, uses opprobrious words against Thomas Leggy, the Mayor, in the house of William Brangwayn in the Ward of Langbourne, in the presence of John de Draytone, John Warender, and Thomas Same, who repeated the words to the Mayor the following day. Thereupon precept was issued to Thomas de Guldeford, Serjeant of Richard Smelt, Sheriff, to summon the said Roger to answer for his conduct on the following Thursday. The said Roger duly appeared before Andrew Aubrey, Simon Fraunceys, Richard Lacier, Adam Fraunceys, Roger de Depham, Thomas Perle, Ralph de Lenne, Adam de Bury, John de Gloucestre, Henry Pykard, Simon Dolsali, John de Stodeye, John Costantyn, William de Welde, Richard de Notyngham, and Simon de Worstede, Aldermen, William de Tudenham and Richard Smelt, Sheriffs, and very many good men of the City, and pleaded guilty Cur. adv. vult. On Wednesday after the Feast of St. Hillary [13 Jan.] the said Roger was brought up in custody, and released on his giving the Mayor 100 tuns of wine for his contempt and consenting to be bound over for good behaviour. (fn. 6)
Writ to the Mayor and Sheriffs that they cease to exact a contribution towards expenses of the war from Octavian Fraunceys, a merchant of Florence, who, besides paying to the King 3 pence in the pound like other merchant strangers, is also of the franchise of the City, and in lot and scot with the men of the City. Witness the King at Westminster, 8 April, 30 Edward III. [A.D. 1356]. (fn. 7)
Return made by Simon Fraunceys, the Mayor, and Thomas de Brandone and Walter Forester, Sheriffs, to the effect that the above Octavian lived in the Ward of Langebourne, where he was assessed by Thomas de Same and other collectors of the Ward at 5s. towards the war, which he refused to pay, and inasmuch as he had long held a hostel in the Ward and carried on business there by wholesale and retail like the citizens of the City, he ought to contribute with the citizens; and therefore the collectors had seized his goods to the value of 5s. until he should pay, and the Mayor, &c., refused to give them up.
Deed of gift by Thomas de "Kauntebrigge" to Ralph de "Cauntebregge," his son, of all his movable goods in the City. Witnesses, John atte Loke, Richard Walpol, Roger de Woxebrigge, John atte Barnate (?), Stephen de Stanford, John de Berdene, John de Mundene, junior, and others [not named]. Dated in St. Vedast Lane, Sunday after the Feast of St. Luke [18 Oct.], 22 Edward III. [A.D. 1348].
John de Harpesfeld, corder, and Richard Smelt summoned to appear in the Chamber of the Guildhall before the Mayor, Aldermen, and good men of the City on Saturday after the Feast of Conception B. M. [8 Dec.], 29 Edward III. [A.D. 1355], and to appoint arbitrators to arrange then differences. Thereupon the said John appointed Thomas Dolsaly and William de Wandelesworth, and the said Richard appointed John Wroth and Simon de Bedyngtone, Adam Fraunceys, the Mayor, being appointed umpire.
Afterwards, viz., on Monday the Feast of St. Thomas [21 Dec.], terms were arranged between the parties without prejudice to the right of Richard Smelt and Alice, late wife of Walter Neel, to sue John de Harpesfeld on a certain bond, and the said John, who had for certain reasons been deprived of the freedom of the City, had his freedom restored.
Folio xliii b.
Presentacio Rector' eccl'ie S'ci Mich'is s'r Cornhull' et parochian' ejusdem Maiori et Aldr' de custod' Alicie fil' quond' Joh'is le Leche cum bonis et cat' eid' Alicie legat' tradita Matill' ux'i ipsius Joh'is etc.
Presentment made to the Mayor and Aldermen by the Rector of the church of St. Michael on Cornhulle, Simon le Palmere, Richard de Claverynge, and other parishioners [not named] to the effect that John le Leche, "ismongere," had—by will proved and enrolled in the Husting for Pleas of Land held on Monday after the Feast of St. Barnabas [11 June], 23 Edward III. [A.D. 1349] (fn. 8)—left the guardianship of Alice his daughter to Matilda his wife, who died in mid-Lent, anno 23 Edward III. [A.D. 1348-9], and that thereupon Stephen le "Northrene," executor of the said John, had seized and wasted the property of the said Alice, to the prejudice of certain chantries, and had eloigned the said Alice, aged eight years, out of the City, contrary to the custom of the City, &c. Thereupon precept to William le Zonge (Yonge), Serjeant of the Chamber, to warn the said Stephen to appear before the Mayor and Aldermen on Friday after the Feast of St. John ante portam Latinam [6 May], and to summon a jury of the venue, to inquire into the truth of the premises On the said day the Serjeant testified that he had warned the said Stephen by William le Chaundeler and John le Chaundeler, but he made default The jurors, viz., Richard de Claveryng, Hugh atte Marche, Henry Clement, Adam le Whaite, John Dunstere, John Chapman, John Gille, John de Walkerne, William le Peyntour, John Hirltone, "peautrer," John Benet, and Henry Curteys, find the facts of the case, and thereupon orders are issued for the Serjeant of the Chamber to take the property of the said Alice into the City's hands and to attach the said Stephen; and, inasmuch as the said Stephen could not be found in the City and would not render himself to justice, his property was seized and delivered to Simon le Palmere and William Sunnyng for safe custody.
Saturday after the Feast of St. Augustine [5 May], 30 Edward III. [A.D. 1356], Thomas de Lincoln, son of Richard de Lincoln, "felmongere," whose age had been proved before the Mayor and Aldermen at the Husting for Pleas of Land held on Monday after the Feast of St. Matthias [24 Feb.], 30 Edward III. [A.D. 1355-6], came into the Chamber of the Guildhall before Simon Fraunceys, the Mayor, Adam Fraunceys, Roger de Depham, and Simon Dolsely, Aldermen, and Thomas de Waldene, the Chamberlain, and acknowledged he had received certain property from Simon Chaumberleyn and Geoffrey Adam, his father's executors, and thereupon he made an acquittance as set out Dated 23 May, A.D. 1356.
Writ to the Mayor and Sheriffs to the effect that whereas Edward the King's grandfather had by charter, since confirmed by King Edward III., granted to merchant vintners of the Duchy of Aquitaine that for each tun of wine gauged the seller should make good any deficit, whilst the buyer should pay for any surplus according to the price of the tun, and whereas the buyer and seller each paid a halfpenny on every tun gauged, the same custom should be observed, and the said Mayor and Sheriffs are to make proclamation accordingly. Witness the King at Westminster, 12 June, 30 Edward III. [A.D. 1356].
Folio xliv b.
Wednesday after the Feast of St. Petronilla [31 May], 30 Edward III. [A.D. 1356], the guardianship of Stephen, son of William Double, aged ten, committed to John de Zakesle (Yakesle), "pessoner," (fn. 9) of Bruggestrete, by Simon Fraunceys, the Mayor, Adam Fraunceys, Roger de Depham, and William atte Welde, Aldermen, and Thomas de Waldene, the Chamberlain, together with property in the parishes of St. Magnus and St. Dunstan towards the Tower. Sureties, viz., Robert de Rameseye, "pessoner," and Edmund de Lenham, "pessoner".
Writ to all Sheriffs, Mayors, Bailiffs, &c., notifying that Robert Arnald, William Cherchegate, and Richard Turk had been commissioned to provide sufficient caipenters and workmen for the building of two vessels (flunorum (fn. 10)) which the citizens of London had been called upon to get ready for the King's use by the Feast of the Nativity of St. John Bapt. [24 June], and bidding them render every assistance to the said commissioners. Witness the King at Westminster, 6 April, 30 Edward III. [A.D. 1356].
Thursday before the Feast of St. Barnabas [11 June], 30 Edward III. [A.D. 1356], John Symond, "shipwrith," attached by Antony the Serjeant, by the Mayor's order, and committed to the prison of Neugate for rebelling against the masters of the King's work and refusing to obey them according to contract.
Friday before the Feast of Pentecost [12 June], the same year John de Dancastre committed to prison for divers affrays in the Ward of Billyngesgate, of which he had been convicted by the Alderman of the Ward, being unable to find surety.
William Moot, brewer, servant of William de Draytone, "saltere," attached for having, on Monday before the Feast of St Barnabas [11 June], broken a sequestration made on the said William de Draytone for the sum of 2s. 6d. at which he had been assessed for the repair of vessels (flunarum) for the King's use. The said William Moot acknowledged his fault before the Mayor and Aldermen, and was therefore committed to prison.
A schedule of goods and chattels of Stephen le Northerne found in the house of John (le) Leche, in the parish of St Michael de Cornhulle, the 6th June, 30 Edward III. [A.D. 1356], and appraised by oath of William Sunnyng, carpenter, Robert de Blithe, "brasyere," Robert Russe, "brasiere," Henry Clement, "lokyer," Stephen Basham, "lokyer," and Adam Wayte, "upheldere." (fn. 11)
Afterwards, viz., on Saturday the eve of St. Barnabas [11 June], the above goods, together with certain shops belonging to John le Leche in the parish of St. Michael de Cornhulle, were delivered to Simon le Palmer, "pelter," and William Sunnyng, carpenter, by Simon Fraunceys, the Mayor, Richard Lacer, Roger Depham, William Welde, and Richard de Notyngham, Aldermen, and Thomas de Waldene, the Chamberlain, to safeguard the same for the benefit of Alice, daughter of the said John le Leche.
Memorandum of divers expenses incurred on a house formerly belonging to John le Leche on account of a fire which occurred about the Feast of St. John Bapt [24 June], 30 Edward III. [A.D. 1356], by view of Simon Dolsely, Alderman of the Ward of Cornhulle, Thomas de Weldene, the Chamberlain, John Lucas, and William de Greyngham, Serjeant of the Chamber.
Folio xlv b.
A congregation of the Mayor and Aldermen in the Guildhall on Tuesday before the Feast of the Annunciation B. M. [25 March], 30 Edward III. [A.D. 1355-6], there being present Simon Fraunceys, the Mayor, John Lovekyn, Adam Fraunceys, Henry Pycard, Adam de Bury, John Pecche, Thomas Perle, Bartholomew Frestlyng, John de Stodeye, Richard de Notyngham, Roger de Depham, Thomas Leggy, Simon de Worstede, William Welde, William de Todenham, Richard Smelt, John Little, Simon Dolsely, the Prior of "Crichirche," and Thomas Dolsely, Aldermen, Walter Forester and Thomas de Brandone, Sheriffs, and many of the wealthier and wiser Commoners of the City, whose names are underwritten, viz:—
Collectors—John de Wendovere, John Chaucere. (fn. 12)
Folio xlvi b.
Langebourne: Thomas Andrewe, John Bullok, Thomas Same, John de Somersham, John de Draytone, John de Wodegate, Robert de Stratford, Giles de Kelseye, John atte Belle, Thomas de Bissheye, Laurence de Silkestone, Alexander Avenelle, Thomas Gatyn, John Pyrel.
At the above congregation a letter of Privy Seal was read for the repair of two vessels (flunas) in aid of the war. Whereupon it was agreed that two-thirds of a fifteenth should be raised in each Ward.
John de Hiltoft, John Bole, John de Chichestre, Simon de Mordone, John de Tryple, John Deynes, Robert Furneux, and John de Rothyngge elected to receive the above assessment and to see that the proceeds, as well as the money levied on brewers and retailers and other men of the several Wards for men-atarms and cleansing the Tower ditch, be properly expended.
Walbrok, £13; Douuegate, £24; Cornhulle, £10 13s. 4d.; Bradestrete, £18; Langebourne, £14; Candelwikstrete, £10 13s. 4d.; Bridge, £33 6s. 8d.; Billyngesgate, £21 6s. 8d.; Portesoken, £6; Lymstrete, 26s. 8d.; Algate, £4; Tower, £30 13s. 4d.; Bisshopesgate, £14 13s. 4d.
Chepe, £48 10s. 8d.; Cordewanerstrete, £48 10s. 8d.; Vintry, £24; Farndone Within, £36; Farndone Without, £23 6s. 8d.; Bredestrete, £24 13s. 4d.; Cripulgate Within, 40 marks; Cripulgate Without, 10 marks; Aldrichegate, £4 13s. 4d.; Queenhithe, 20 marks; Castle Baynard, £8; Colmanstrete, £12 13s. 4d.; Bassieshawe, £4 13s. 4d.
Petition to the Mayor, Aldermen, and Sheriffs by Henry Godechepe, Thomas atte Sloo, and John de Wygan, convicted of extortion in the collection of a fifteenth in the Ward of Farndone Without, praying a favourable consideration of the judgment passed upon them as it was exceptionally severe and greater than that passed upon John de Waltham and John Pycot, collectors in the Ward of Bisshopesgate, and that they may be restored to their franchise, and that the tablet that was so prejudicial to them may be removed from the Guildhall, (fn. 13) inasmuch as they had made restitution and paid their fines.
Folio xlvii b.
Thereupon, after due consideration, it was decreed that the tablet in the Guildhall should be taken down and destroyed, that the aforesaid judgment should be annulled, and that the above Henry, Thomas, and John should be restored to their franchise.
Extract from the Great Roll, anno 29 Edward III., Surrey: the citizens of London render account for the fee ferm of the vill of Suwerk, total £30; and for an annuity due thereout to William Altekar, valet of the King's Wardrobe, granted to him by the King on the 18th June, anno 9. And they are quit.
Monday after the Feast of St. Matthew [21 Sept.], 30 Edward III. [A.D. 1356], the guardianship of Alice, aged ten years, and Valentina, aged seven, daughters of William Glovere, committed to Gilbert de Hoo by Roger de Depham, Alderman, and Thomas de Waldene, the Chamberlain Sureties, viz., John Leycestre and William Bernard.
Afterwards, viz., on the following Monday, the guardianship of the said Alice and her property was committed to Robert de Bedeford and Petronilla his wife, cousin (consanguinea) of the said Alice and Valentina. Sureties, viz., Gilbert Poyntel and Edmund Harengeye, leather merchants; and the aforesaid Gilbert was discharged.
Afterwards, viz., on Saturday after the Feast of Translation of St. Edward [13 Oct.], the same year, came the aforesaid Gilbert and paid to the Chamberlain the sum of 40s. to safeguard the same, quousque etc.
Afterwards, viz., on Thursday after the Feast of St. Luke [18 Oct.], the Chamberlain delivered the above money and the guardianship of the said Valentina to Thomas Purser by surety of Henry Brode and Henry de Hathfeld.
The same articles granted to the Mistery of "Kardemakeres" with the exception of the first, to the effect that no foreigner shall hold house or shop in the City or suburbs, or sell or buy things touching the mistery until he be made a freeman of the said City, and further, be examined by the masters of the said mistery if he be able and expert for the trade and business (office et estat) or not.
(2) That no one of the said mistery presume to work in the said mistery by night nor on the Saturday nor the eve of a Double Feast (fn. 14) after the hour of "Noune" sounded in the parish where he may be living.
Folio xlviii b.
Writ to the Sheriffs to make proclamation that all persons holding £40 a year in land and rents for three whole years, who had not become knights, take up the order by the Feast of St Michael [29 Sept.] next, and to make a return of those found holding such property in their bailiwick. Witness the King at Westminster, 1 Aug., 30 Edward III. [A.D. 1356].
Close writ (breve clausum) to the Mayor and Sheriffs bidding them erect a support for the King's bridge over Flete ditch towards "Secolelane" for the use of the public, as in duty bound, or to show cause to the contrary in the Chancery before the following Saturday. Witness the King at Westminster. 8 Aug., 30 Edward III. [A.D. 1356].
Pursuant to the above writ an inquisition was made before Simon Fraunceis, the Mayor, Thomas de Brandone and Walter Forester, the Sheriffs, on Friday after the Feast of St. Laurence [10 Aug.], 30 Edward III. [A.D. 1356], by the oath of William Debelyn, John de Idenham, John Joye, "sporiere," John de Bristowe, William atte Chaunbre [sic], William atte Seler, John de Pynworth, "cook," John atte Welle, William Forester, Richard de Jernemouthe, John de Edelmetone, and William Mousehacche, who say that the Commonalty of the City ought to make a support for the King's bridge over the said ditch, namely, towards "Secollane," and that the King ought to make the bridge and the support towards Fletebrigge, and that there is a public way over the bridge.
Writ to the Sheriffs to make proclamation forbidding any one keeping an exchange for gold, silver, or bullion (billionis), to profit thereby like a merchant, in the City or suburbs, except those specially appointed. Witness the King at Westminster, 15 Aug., 30 Edward III. [A.D. 1356].
Writ alias to the Mayor and Sheriffs insisting upon their causing a support to be made for the King's bridge over Flete ditch towards "Secolelane," as in duty bound, under penalty of the sum of £10, or else to show cause why they should not do so. Witness the King at Westminster, anno 30 Edward III.
Letters patent under the new seal, confirming letters patent under the old seal (fn. 15) granted to the Girdlers, as set out in the Red Book marked with the letter F on fo. lxxxviii (fn. 16). Witness the King at Westminster, 25 Feb., 28 Edward III. [A.D. 1353-4].
Afterwards, a writ close was sent to the Mayor and Sheriffs to the effect that—whereas on a petition of the Girdlers of the City to the King and his Council in the Parliament held at Westminster after the Purification [2 Feb.], in the first year of his reign, (fn. 17) an ordinance was confirmed forbidding any one of the said mistery to make girdles of silk, wool, leather, or linen thread with any metal inferior to latten (auricalco), copper (bateria), iron or steel (calibe), and any girdles found to have been made of lead, pewter, tin, or other false material within the City or without were to be burnt, and ordering the election of officers to make scrutiny of the same—proclamation of the said ordinance should be made. Witness the King at Westminster, 17 Aug., 30 Edward III. [A.D. 1356].
Folio xlix b.
Writ of supersedeas to the Mayor and Sheriffs touching the above writ until the quinzaine of St. Michael or until further orders, inasmuch as certain Saddlers had complained of its unjust effect upon their trade. Witness the King at Westminster, 6 Sept., 30 Edward III. [A.D. 1356].
Grant by Peter Fanelore, Adam Fraunceis, and Henry Frowyk to William de Bramptone, chaplain and keeper of a certain chantry recently (de novo) founded by them in the Chapel of St. Mary at the Guildhall, and to four other chaplains serving the same, of certain tenements called "Horshed" and "Sarazineshed" in the parish of St. Vedast in the Ward of Farndone; shops, &c., in the parish of St. Giles without Crypulgate, and a messuage, &c., situate between the said Chapel and Bakkewellehalle. Dated at the Guildhall, Sunday after the Feast of All Saints [1 Nov.], A. D. 1356. (fn. 18)
Folio 1 b.
Writ to Simon Fraunceys, Mayor, notifying the appointment of William de Newerk, clerk, as Keeper of the smaller part of the King's Seal for recognizances of debts under the Statute of Acton Burnell, (fn. 19) in place of Andrew Aubrey, deceased. Witness the King at Westminster, 4 Sept., 30 Edward III. [A.D. 1356].
Writ of supersedeas to the Mayor and Sheriffs touching a writ to destroy unlawful girdles made by Saddlers until the dispute between the Girdlers and Saddlers has been heard and determined by the King's Council at the quinzaine of St. Michael. Witness the King at Westminster, 8 Sept., 30 Edward III. [A.D. 1356].