Calendar of Letter-Books of the City of London: H, 1375-1399. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1907.
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Folio cxxi - cxxx.
Letters patent appointing John Shelford, William Knyghtcote, John Horne, John Maryns, John Sely, and John Fraunceys to be Commissioners for levying the money granted to the King by the Parliament summoned to sit at Westminster on Monday after the Feast of St. Hillary [13 Jan.] last (fn. 1) for the defence of the realm. Witness the King at Westminster, 4 March, 3 Richard II. [A.D. 1379-80].
Pursuant to the above, a precept was sent to each Alderman to levy a fifteenth and a half on the men of his Ward according to their estate, and bring the money to the Guildhall by the Feast of St. George [23 April] next. Dated 3 April.
Ordinance by John Hadlee, the Mayor, and the Aldermen, proclaimed at the wharves of Billyngesgate and Quenhethe the 12th April, 3 Richard II. [A.D. 1380], to the effect that no one thenceforth warehouse corn or malt coming to the City by water for sale until it has been publicly exposed for sale at one of the said wharves for three days, on pain of forfeiture. (fn. 2)
Election of Aldermen.
Folio cxxi b.
Tower: John Hadlee.
Bridge: William Walworth.
Bisshopesgate: Adam Stable.
Bredstret: Nicholas Brembre.
Cornhulle: John Philippot.
Queenhithe: William Neuport.
Lymstret: Robert Launde.
Farndone Within and Without: Nicholas Twyford.
Billynggesgate: Andrew Pykeman.
Bradstret: John Organ.
Colmanstret: John Hoo.
Bassyeshawe: John Estone.
Crepulgate: Robert Warbultone.
Castle Baynard: John Brian.
Langebourne: Adam de St. Ive.
Candelwykstret: William Badby.
Algate: John Kyrtone.
Walbrok: John Rote.
Chepe: Richard Aillesbury.
Dougate: Geoffrey Neutone.
Vintry: Walter Doget.
Aldrichesgate: Thomas Reynham.
Cordewanerstret: John Vyne elected and accepted as Alderman of the Ward by John Hadlee, the Mayor, and the Aldermen, in default of election by men of the Ward. (fn. 3)
The account of Richard Northbury, mercer, guardian of Elias, orphan son and heir of Elias Fraunceys, mercer, rendered in the quinzaine of Easter [25 March], 3 Richard II. [A.D. 1380], before William Kynge, John Sely, John Vyne, and John Rote, auditors appointed by John Hadlee, the Mayor, and the Aldermen.
16 April, 3 Richard II. [A.D. 1380], came the above Richard Northbury into court before the aforesaid Mayor and Aldermen and entered into bond in the sum of £30 in favour of the above Elias, to be paid by three instalments. The same paid, and he is quit.
Acquittance under the Great Seal to the Mayor and Commonalty for divers royal jewels pledged to them for the repayment of the sum of £5,000 lent to the King. Dated at Westminster, 10 April, 3 Richard II. [A.D. 1380].
Letters patent appointing John de Cavendisshe, Robert Belknape, Robert Tresilian, John Haddele, the Mayor, and William Cheyne, or any four, three, or two of them (the Mayor being one), to be Justices for gaol-delivery of Neugate. Witness the King at Westminster, 20 April, 3 Richard II. [A.D. 1380].
Folio cxxii b.
Writ to the Sheriffs to make proclamation of certain ordinances made in the last Parliament touching the Church, aulnage of cloth, &c. Dated at Westminster, 12 March, 3 Richard II. [A.D. 1379-80]. (fn. 4)
Deed of grant and institution by John Hadlee, the Mayor, under the Mayoralty seal, of Sir Henry Peryndone, chaplain, into the chantry founded by John de Gildesburgh, (fn. 5) late fishmonger in the church of St. Mary Somerset, near "le Brokenewharf," at the request of Sir Simon Brigstoke, Rector of the said church, and Hugh de Ware, John Trigge, and John Quildrik, parishioners of the same. Witnesses, William "Chene," the Recorder, William Neuport, Alderman of the Ward, (fn. 6) John Haylesdene and William Baret, the Sheriffs, and others [not named]. Dated Monday, 1 May, 3 Richard II. [A.D. 1380].
4 July, 4 Richard II. [A.D. 1380], there came before the Mayor and Aldermen, John Fery, Walter London', Richard Pery, Constance Mildenhale, Roger Horold, and Thomas Pountfreyt, cordwainers, elected and sworn to survey their mistery and to seize bad leather, and brought four ox-hides and a dorse (unum dorsum) belonging to Walter Pakwode and offered for sale, which were badly tanned and curried. The hides forfeited.
Folio cxxiii b.
23 June, 4 Richard II. [A.D. 1380], the guardianship of Robert, son of John Hoke, aged ten years, and of William, son of the same, aged nine years, committed to Nicholas Abyndone, cordwainer, who married Isabella, widow of the said John, by John Hadlee, the Mayor, and Richard Odyham, the Chamberlain. Sureties, viz., Robert Thornhegge, cordwainer, Adam Holte, "foundour," and Thomas Gloucestre, cordwainer.
Afterwards, viz., on Thursday the 23rd July, 12 Richard II. [A.D. 1388], inasmuch as the above Robert had no means to take him to the Oxford schools, the above Nicholas, by order of Nicholas Extone, the Mayor, and William Cheyne, the Recorder, produced the sum of 20s., which was delivered to Richard Hoke, the uncle of the said Robert; and afterwards, viz., on Monday after the Feast of St. Lucia the Virgin [13 Dec.], 12 Richard II. [A.D. 1388], the said Nicholas paid the Chamberlain 23½ marks, so that he and his sureties are quit of the same.
Afterwards, viz., on Saturday after the Feast of SS. Processus and Martinianus [2 July], 13 Richard II. [A.D. 1389], it was decreed by Nicholas Twyford, Knt., the Mayor, and the Aldermen, that the above William, who was now of full age, according to the custom of the City should receive his patrimony, and it was given to him. Thereupon the said William, who had assumed the habit of a Friar of the Augustinian Order, acknowledged satisfaction for mesne profits, and the above Nicholas and his sureties were quit. And as touching the portion of the above Robert, the said Mayor and Aldermen the same day appointed auditors, viz., William Shyryngham, Alderman, John Ottele, William Pottenham, Richard Odyham, the Chamberlain, and John Tremayn, Common Pleader, and an account was taken.
Indenture of lease granted by John Mallynge, senior, of the county of York, and Idonia his wife to Thomas Lile, "pyebaker," of a tenement, &c., in the parish of St. Mary de Fenchirche, situate near the tenement of Juliana Bedik; to hold the same for the lifetime of the said Idonia, at an annual rent of 15s. Dated 6 July, 4 Richard II. [A.D. 1380].
Letters patent setting forth an agreement between the Weavers of London, native and foreign, enrolled in the Chancery, whereby it was arranged that they should yearly hold a meeting six weeks before the Feast of St. Michael [29 Sept.] and make scrutiny of the number of "lomes" belonging to either party, and that the foreign weavers should contribute pro rata to the ferm of 20 marks and 2s. payable by the English weavers to the King. And be it remembered that on the 8th March of this year John Wille and Robert Hobbok, Masters of the native weavers of London, and William Gorynge, John atte Hecche, William Beltone, and John Bokkynge, weavers of London, as well as Giles Fanbelle and Reginald Radeles, Masters of the foreign weavers, and Ralph Clofangre, John Fanattenowe, Arnald Fanherpe, and John Everyngham, foreign weavers, for themselves and their fellows respectively, came into the Chancery and prayed that the above agreement might be enrolled. Witness the King at Westminster, 12 March, 3 Richard II. [A.D. 1379-80].
Writ to the Abbess of Berkynge, bidding her to repair a wall which had broken down and let in the water of the Thames, so that the neighbouring land had become flooded and stocked with fish, which people caught in an immature state and gave as food to their pigs. Witness the King at Westminster, 24 July, 4 Richard II. [A.D. 1380].
Masters of Misteries sworn.
Folio cxxiv b.
Matritawyeres: (fn. 7) William Newel and Walter Sampson sworn, the 13th Jan., 4 Richard II. [A.D. 1380-1].
Appointment by John Hadle, the Mayor, and the Aldermen, under the Mayoralty Seal, of John de Kenle, Nicholas Pays, and Thomas Fraunkeleyn, "chaundeler," to collect and levy on every boat coming to the City with rushes for sale the sum of 12 pence, and on every boat with straw or hay 8 pence, the money to be devoted to cleansing and keeping clean the ports, quays, &c., where such boats discharge. Dated 8 Nov., 3 Richard II. [A.D. 1379].
9 August, 4 Richard II. [A.D. 1380], William Lawtone of Lawtone "under the lyn," (fn. 8) co. Chester, brought before John Hadele, the Mayor, Adam Stable, William Neuport, John Estone, John Rote, William Badby, Aldermen, and John Heylesdone, Sheriff, at the suit of William Savage, and convicted of forging a letter purporting to have been written by John Sadyngtone of York. Condemned to the pillory. (fn. 9)
Precept sent to each Alderman to see the men of his Ward suitably armed with "basynet," gauntlets of "plate," habergeon' sword, dagger, and hatchet, according to their estate, and inferior men arrayed with good bows, arrows, sword, and buckler, and return their number before Monday next. Dated 20 August, 4 Richard II. [A.D. 1380].
Friday the Feast of St. Matthew [21 Sept.], 4 Richard II. [A.D. 1380], in the presence of John Haddele, the Mayor, William Cheyne, the Recorder, William Waleworth, John Philipot, Robert Launde, Robert Warbultone, Adam St. Ive, William Badby, John "Kirketone," John Hoo, Richard Aylesbury, William Neuport, Andrew Pykeman, John Organ, John Estone, John Vyne, John Rote, Thomas Reynham, John Bryan, Aldermen, John Heilesdone and William Baret, Sheriffs, and very many Commoners, summoned to the Guildhall for the election of Sheriffs, Walter Doget and William Knyghtcote were elected Sheriffs for the year ensuing, viz., the aforesaid Walter by the Mayor, and the said William by the Commonalty.
Afterwards, viz., on the eve of St. Michael [29 Sept.] following, the said Sheriffs were sworn at the Guildhall, and on the morrow of St. Michael were accepted at Westminster before the Barons of the Exchequer.
On the same Friday (the Feast of St. Matthew) Adam St. Ive and John "Kyrtone," Aldermen, John Boseham, John Norhamptone, Walter Sibyle, and Henry Herbury, Commoners, were elected Auditors of the accounts of the Chamberlain and Wardens of London Bridge.
Writ to the Sheriffs for the election of four citizens to attend a Parliament to be held at Northampton on Monday after the Feast of All Saints [1 Nov.]. (fn. 10) No Sheriff of London or any other Sheriff of the realm to be returned. Witness the King at Westminster, 26 Aug., 4 Richard II. [A.D. 1380].
Writ to the Mayor and Sheriffs to admit John Charneye as deputy-coroner to Thomas Tyle, the King's Butler, to whom the office of Coroner in the City appertains, and who has not leisure to exercise it, and to discharge Nicholas Symcok from the duties of deputy-coroner. Witness the King at Westminster, 4 Sept., 4 Richard II. [A.D. 1380].
Folio cxxv b.
Saturday the Feast of the Translation of St. Edward [13 Oct.], 4 Richard II. [A.D. 1380], in the presence of John Hadlee, the Mayor, William Cheyne, the Recorder, William "Waleworth," Adam Stable, Nicholas Brembre, John Phelipot, the Prior of Christchurch, Robert Launde, Nicholas Twyford, Andrew Pykeman, John Organ, John Hoo, William Neuport, John Estone, Robert Warbultone, John Bryan, Adam de St. Ive, William Badby, John "Kirtone," John Rote, Richard Aylesbury, Geoffrey Neutone, Walter Doget, John Vyne, and Thomas Reynham, Aldermen, Walter Doget and William Knyghtcote, Sheriffs, and an immense Commonalty summoned for the election of a Mayor for the coming year—William "Walworthe" was elected, and afterwards, viz., on the Feast of SS. Simon and Jude [28 Oct.], was sworn at the Guildhall, and on the morrow was presented, admitted, and sworn before the Treasurer and Barons of the Exchequer.
24 Oct., 4 Richard II. [A.D. 1380], John Warde, of co York, and Richard Lynham, of co Somerset, brought to the Guildhall before John Hadlee, the Mayor, the Aldermen, and Sheriffs, and condemned to the pillory for pretending to have suffered the loss of their tongues by robbers. (fn. 11)
4 Sept., 4 Richard II. [A.D. 1380], Richard Stile and William Polle, fishmongers, brought before John Hadle, the Mayor, and the Aldermen two nets called "trunkes" (fn. 12) found in the Thames between Wolwych and Herethe, as having too small a mesh and being destructive of fry, whereof one belonged to Richard Purfot of Grenewych and the other to Richard Wolmere. The nets examined by John Poynaunt, John Queldryk, Gilbert Beauchampe, Thomas Asshe, William Tornegold, and William Pycot, fishmongers, who declared on oath that the nets were of unlawful mesh. The same were therefore ordered to be burnt.
Tuesday, the 2nd October, 4 Richard II. [A.D. 1380], in a congregation of the Mayor, Aldermen, and Commoners elected by each Mistery, as well as by the Wards for a Common Council of the City, (fn. 13) it was agreed to levy a fifteenth on the goods and chattels of citizens for the purpose of discharging the City's debts and fitting out armed barges for the sea. It was further agreed to levy 6 pence in every pound of rent for the purpose of building a stone tower on the side of the Thames opposite to one to be erected at the expense of John Phelippot for the protection of the City. (fn. 14)
In the same congregation it was ordained that the sum of 1 penny should be levied on every loaded cart entering the City and a farthing on every horse, the money to be devoted to the repair of highways. The ordinance to remain in effect until Michaelmas next.
Precept to the Aldermen that they diligently inquire as to the true yearly value of all the tenements in their Wards that were let and inhabited, as well as of void tenements, in case they were let and inhabited (together with the value of the entire rent of the Hospital of St. Giles, near Holbourne, within their several Wards), and make a return of the same and of the names of the tenants before the Feast of All Saints [1 Nov.]; and, further, that they levy a fifteenth for the City's use, and bring the money to the Guildhall before the octave of St. Martin [11 Nov.]. Dated 20 Oct.
Letters patent touching the security granted to the City for the repayment of a loan of £2,000 to the King, including the delivery to the Mayor and Commonalty of certain caskets of jewels. (fn. 15) Dated at Westminster, 16 Sept., 4 Richard II. [A.D. 1380].
Folio cxxvi b.
6 Nov., 4 Richard II. [A.D. 1380], John Bernard, of Bishop Hatfeld, co. Herts, convicted before William Walworth, the Mayor, and the Aldermen, of selling sacks of coal of short measure, and condemned to the pillory.
Precept to the Aldermen to bring to the Guildhall by the octave of St. Martin [11 Nov.] the money that had been ordered when Hadlee was Mayor, and, further, to summon the inhabitants of their Wards by Monday next to consider whether it were best for the Common Council to be elected from the Misteries as theretofore or from the best men of the Wards, or partly from the Misteries and partly from the Wards; and if it should be decided in favour of the Wards, they are to send six good men of their respective Wards to the Guildhall on Tuesday next, with full powers to treat of the City's affairs, without regard to their having served as Alderman or Sheriff or not. Dated 3 Nov., 4 Richard II. [A.D. 1380].
Folio cxxvii b.
Writ to the Sheriffs to make proclamation of a truce that had been concluded between England and Scotland from the 1st November last past to the Feast of St. Andrew next [30 Nov.], the infringement of which was to be visited with certain penalties. Witness the King at Northampton, 2 Dec., 4 Richard II. [A.D. 1380].
Ordinance repeated forbidding any one, denizen or alien, merchant or broker, to sell any manner of merchandise to be resold by unlawful agreement (chevesance) or exchange, and the meddling of any broker in any such bargains, under penalty prescribed. (fn. 16) [No date].
Precept to the Aldermen to keep sufficient watch and ward at Christmas according to ancient custom; to charge the Aleconners of their Ward to report brewers disregarding the ordinances of their trade; and search for any broker guilty of "chevesances" or "eschanges." Dated 20 Dec.
Letters patent appointing John Hende, Adam Bamme, John Fresshe, Geoffrey Crymelford, Henry Herbury, and Henry Mortone, to be commissioners for levying a poll-tax of three groats on every inhabitant of the City and suburbs over fifteen years of age, granted by the Parliament at Northampton. (fn. 17) Witness the King at Northampton, 7 Dec., 4 Richard II. [A.D. 1380].
Folio cxxviii b.
Precept to the Aldermen to inquire as to the number of inhabitants of their Ward, male and female, over the age of fifteen years, their names and surnames, and to levy on each the sum of three groats, the wealthier to help the poorer, according to the terms of the statute; the money to be brought to the Guildhall for delivery by indenture to the King's chief collectors by the quinzaine of St. Hillary [13 Jan.] next. Dated 8 Jan., 4 Richard II. [A.D. 1380-1].
Monday after the Feast of Epiphany [6 Jan.], 4 Richard II. [A.D. 1380-1], came good men of the Hanse of Almaine before William Walworth, the Mayor, and the Aldermen, and elected the said William to be their Alderman in place of John Aubrey late their Alderman, deceased. The said William accepted the office and was admitted.
13 Jan., 4 Richard II. [A.D. 1380-1], John Warewyk, foreign poulterer, brought before the Mayor and Aldermen and charged with having brought eight capons to a London market for sale, and with having afterwards removed them for sale without the liberty of the City, contrary to the custom of the City. The capons therefore forfeited.
23 Jan., 4 Richard II. [A.D. 1380-1], John Donyngton charged before the Mayor and Commonalty and John Barry and other Wardens of the mistery of Skinners with having mixed six furs of clean "menyver" and 6 furs of half-clean with new and old work, contrary to the ordinance recorded in Letter-Book G, fo. clxii [b]. (fn. 18) The accused made no defence, and was committed to Neugate for fourteen days, and condemned on his release to pay 13s. 4d. to the Chamberlain and 6s. 8d. to the mistery.
24 Jan., 4 Richard II. [A.D. 1380-1], Walter Laurence attached to answer the Mayor and Commonalty and Walter Halle, clerk, on a charge of having mixed new work of "Buvere" with old work of "ottres" in the said clerk's gown. No defence. Sentence as above.
Folio cxxix b.
Precept to the Aldermen to bring to the Guildhall, on Wednesd ay the 6th February next, the names of those assessed in their Wards for the subsidy granted the King by the last Parliament, together with the names of the collectors and the money due from their Wards pursuant to a former precept.
7 Feb., 4 Richard II. [A.D. 1380-1], William Elyot and Thomas Fynche appointed Commissioners under the Mayoralty seal to see that the ordinance touching the assize of nets used for fishing in the Thames is duly observed, viz., that the "mask" of nets used East of London Bridge be at least 1½ inches, and West of the Bridge 2 inches.
Letters patent appointing John de Cavendisshe, Robert Bealknap, Robert Tresilian, William Walleworth, the Mayor, John Middelton, and William Cheyne, or any five, four, three, or two of them (the Mayor being one), to be Commissioners for gaol-delivery of Neugate. Witness the King at Westminster, 7 Feb., 4 Richard II. [A.D. 1380-1].
Indentures witnessing the delivery by John Bacoun, Keeper of the King's jewels, &c., to the Mayor and Commonalty of divers chests of Crown jewels, (fn. 19) &c., as security for the repayment of a loan of £2,000. Dated 6 Sept., 4 Richard II. [A.D. 1380].
Writ to the collectors of the King's customs and subsidies in the Port of London that after Easter next they allow the Mayor and Commonalty (who were ready to give up forthwith the above jewels) to take the whole of the subsidy of wools, hides, and woolfells in the said Port to recoup themselves for outstanding arrears in the repayment of the above loan of £2,000, and further that they deliver to the said Mayor and Commonalty one part of the cocket seal. (fn. 20) Witness the King at Westminster, 30 Dec., 5 Richard II. [A.D. 1381].
Letter of Privy Seal from the King to the Mayor and Commonalty asking that the jewels, &c., recently pledged by him for the repayment of a loan of £2,000 might be given up, as he required them for his approaching marriage, (fn. 21) and that they would accept in their stead as security a "palet" (fn. 22) of gold called the "palet of Spain," garnished with precious stones, weighing in nobles 180 pounds, (fn. 23) and valued in all at £1,708.
Indenture witnessing the delivery of the above jewels, &c., by the Mayor and Commonalty to John Bacoun, Keeper of the King's jewels, and the receipt by them of the "palet," &c., aforesaid. Dated 2 Jan., 5 Richard II. [A.D. 1381-2].
Folio cxxx b.
18 Feb., 4 Richard II. [A.D. 1380-1], ordinance by the Mayor for the Armourers of the City to elect surveyors to search for defects in the mistery and see that Armourers sell their harness at reasonable prices to those about to set out for Portugal and Brittany or elsewhere.
16 Feb., 4 Richard II. [A.D. 1380-1], the guardianship of Richard, son of William Robynet, aged eighteen years, together with a sum of £40, and the guardianship of Margaret, daughter of John Gille, (fn. 24) draper, aged five years, together with the sum of £200, committed by William Waleworth, the Mayor, and Richard Odyham, the Chamberlain, to Johanna, late wife of the said John Gille. Sureties, viz., Richard Willesdone, "chaundeler," Benedict de Cornewaille, "draper," Walter Pikenham, "pelter," and Roger Crede, "draper."
Afterwards, viz., on the 26th Feb., 6 Richard II. [A.D. 1382-3], came Nicholas Extone, who married the above Johanna, before John Norhamptone, the Mayor, and the Aldermen, and paid to the above Richard his patrimony and also a sum of money bequeathed to him by Johanna atte Walle. The above sureties were discharged at their request and others appointed, viz., Nicholas Extone, John Wade, fishmonger, and Thomas Gurdelere.
Afterwards, viz., on the 26th June, 11 Richard II. [A.D. 1387], the above Margaret having been married to John Sibille, the aforesaid Nicholas delivered her property to the Chamberlain, who, on the 17th August following, delivered it by the hands of William Ancroft to the said John Sibille.