Calendar of Letter-Books of the City of London: H, 1375-1399. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1907.
This free content was digitised by double rekeying. All rights reserved.
Folio cxci - cc.
22 June, 9 Richard II. [A.D. 1385], Roger Aleyn de Bisshophatfeld convicted before Sir Nicholas Brembre, the Mayor, Sir William Walworthe, and John Fresshe and Nicholas Extone, the Sheriffs, Adam de St. Ive, William Staundone, John Hende, and John Rote, Aldermen, in the Hall of the Guildhall, for bringing to the City sacks of coal containing only 7 bushels instead of 8 Condemned to stand in the pillory, the sacks to be burnt under him and the coal confiscated.
Saturday the Feast of Nativity St. John Bapt. [24 June], 9 Richard II. [A.D. 1385], Robert Haringeye, mercer, paid to Richard Odiham, the Chamberlain, the sum of £30 for the use of Alice and Margaret, daughters of John Heylesdone, (fn. 1) which sum was afterwards committed in trust to John Chircheman, Alderman, Edmund Olyver being his surety.
Afterwards, viz., on the 27th Nov., 16 Richard II. [A.D. 1392], came John Gournay, who had married the above Alice, before William Staundone, the Mayor, and the Aldermen, and acknowledged that he had received the said Alice's portion of patrimony, and also the sum of £100 which was due to her on the death of her sister Margaret.
27 June, 9 Richard II. [A.D. 1385], Emma, the widow and executrix of William Wircestre, paid to Richard Odyham, the Chamberlain, the sum of 100s. in trust for William and Thomas, sons of the said William.
Folio cxci b.
Letters patent acknowledging a loan by the Mayor and Commonalty of £5,000 to the King, the same to be repaid by Easter next, on the security of any grant that may be made by Parliament affecting the City and county of Middlesex, as well as the subsidy on wool, leather, &c., in the Port of London (except the sum of 20 shillings on every sack received for the defence of Caleys), and the deposit with the Mayor and Commonalty of a Royal Crown in a box sealed with the seals of Michael de la Pole, the Chancellor, Hugh Segrave, the Treasurer, and Master Walter Skirlawe, (fn. 2) Keeper of the Privy Seal. Dated at Westminster, 26 June, 9 Richard II. [A.D. 1385].
Indenture between Hugh "de" Segrave, the King's Treasurer, on the one part, and the Mayor and Commonalty on the other part, witnessing the pledging of a Royal Crown with the City as security for the repayment of the above loan of £5,000 Dated at Westminster, 26 June, 9 Richard II. [A.D. 1385].
Writ to the collectors of customs and subsidies in the Port of London to deliver the customs and subsidies on wool, leather, &c., to the Mayor and Commonalty (except as before excepted) for the repayment of the above loan. Witness the King at Westminster, 26 June, 9 Richard II. [A.D. 1385].
Folio cxcii b.
Writ of Privy Seal to the Mayor and Commonalty bidding them deliver to John [Fordham], Bishop of Durham, the King's Treasurer, the Royal Crown that had been pledged with them as security for the repayment of a loan of £5,000, the said loan having been now repaid. Dated at Westminster, I June, 10 Richard II. [A.D. 1387]. (fn. 3)
Indenture witnessing the delivery of the above Crown to the Bishop of Durham by Richard Odyham, the Chamberlain of the Guildhall, pursuant to writ of the 1st June last. Dated 2 Aug., 10 Richard II. [A.D. 1386].
Grant by Clement Lavender, fishmonger, to William Creswyk and Alice his wife of an annuity charged on his shop in Oldefisshestrete in the parish of St. Nicholas del Coldabbeye, formerly belonging to Matilda, wife of William Strokelady, late fishmonger. Dated 1 June, 9 Richard II. [A.D. 1386].
Be it remembered that on the 8th July, 10 Richard II. [A.D. 1386], the above Clement came into the Chamber of the Guildhall and delivered to William Cheyne, the Recorder, the above deed to be enrolled, Henry Perot and Thomas Miles being present, and the said Clement being examined and acknowledging the deed; but inasmuch as there was not an Alderman present, the deed remained in the custody of Henry Perot, the Common Clerk, until an Alderman should come to examine the said Clement, and was not enrolled in the Husting owing to his death. After consultation, therefore, it was agreed by Sir Nicholas Brembre, the Mayor, the Recorder, and the Aldermen that the deed should be entered in this book.
Folio cxciii b.
Letters patent appointing Robert Tresilian, Robert Bealknape, Nicholas Brembre, the Mayor, William Cheyne, and William Rykylle, or any four, three, or two of them (the Mayor being one), to be Justices for gaol-delivery of Neugate. Witness the King at Westminster, 1 July, 9 Richard II. [A.D. 1385].
A proclamation made to the effect that those able and willing to go to the sea-coast in defence of the realm and the City should come to the Guildhall to the Mayor and Chamberlain and receive their pay, viz., 12 pence a day for men-at-arms properly arrayed and 6 pence for archers; that no freeman leave the City without special permission, and that those freemen then absent should return within eight days; that no armourer, bowyer, or "fleccher" enhance the price of his wares in consequence of this proclamation; that those men-at-arms and archers who were able, but not willing, to go should be arrested as traitors to the King and the City; that no foreigner of any nation whatsoever carry knife, baselard, sword, or any arms, and that no one wander about the City after 9 o'clock. Those who were to go on the expedition were to be ready to join Robert Knolles, their leader, by Saturday next for the neighbourhood of Sandwich. [No date.]
Ordinacio facta per Wardas pro duab quinte decimis et xijd de qualibet libra reddit' extrancor' et vjd. de qualibet libraredd' libe ror' in dicta civitate le vand' pro salva custodia ejus dem.
Whereas Nicholas Brembre, the Mayor, and the Aldermen had heard from William Beauchamp, Captain of Calays, and others, that a great number of ships of France and Flanders were being prepared for a descent on England, the said Mayor and Aldermen, in the absence of the King on the borders of Scotland, caused good men of each Ward to meet in the Council Chamber of the Guildhall on the 18th July, 9 Richard II. [A.D. 1385], to take steps for safeguarding the realm. For this purpose there were elected the following, viz.:—
The above Mayor, Aldermen, and good folks so elected met in the said Chamber, and after due deliberation it was agreed that there should be levied with all speed in the City and suburbs a sum amounting to two fifteenths, the same to be raised by an impost on victuals and merchandise as of old accustomed, an impost of 12 pence in the pound of rent belonging to those who do not share the City's charges and 6 pence in the pound in the case of freemen. This decision was thereupon announced to all the other good folk who were present, and they signified their assent.
On the morrow the said Mayor, Aldermen, and Commons again assembled in the Chamber aforesaid, when it was agreed that John Shadworth and Thomas Welforde, Aldermen, should receive and expend the money so levied, and that Geoffrey Crymelford should be Comptroller over them.
Folio cxciv b.
27 July, 9 Richard II. [A.D. 1385], Elizabeth, wife of Henry Moryng, charged before Nicholas Brembre, Knt., the Mayor, the Aldermen, and Sheriffs with being a common procuress. She says she is not guilty, and puts herself on the country. The jurors, viz., Robert Tawyere, Henry Porter, John Tybaud, Richard Marchal, William Eteclowe, Richard Peryman, Robert Bryan, William Marwe, John Burgeys, Stephen Baroun, Richard Maynolf, William Forster, and John Sudbury, find her guilty, and she is condemned to stand on "le thewe" on Cornhill for an hour and afterwards to forswear the City. (fn. 4)
3 Aug., 9 Richard II. [A.D. 1385], Alan Birchore, "strengere," residing near "Turhill," confessed to selling false bowstrings. Condemned to stand on the pillory on Cornhill, the strings to be burnt beneath him.
12 Aug., 9 Richard II. [A.D. 1385], proclamation made by the Mayor and Aldermen forbidding any wrestling matches within seven miles of the City, either privily or openly, and also the performance of the play that customarily took place at Skynnereswelle (fn. 5) or any other such play, until further news arrived of the King's exploit. (fn. 6) If, moreover, any scare should arise of the approach of the enemy, all women and children are to keep indoors, and only men-at-arms and archers to go forth to meet them.
Thursday the Feast of St. Matthew [21 Sept.], 9 Richard II. [A.D. 1385], in the presence of Nicholas Brembre, Knt., Mayor, William Cheyne, the Recorder, John Hadle, John Organ, William More, John Fraunceys, Henry Vannere, William Staundone, John Boseham, Hugh Fastolf, Thomas Welford, Adam St. Ive, John Rote, Simon Wynchecombe, John Hende, and Roger Elys, Aldermen, and John Fresshe and Nicholas Extone, Aldermen and Sheriffs, and many Commoners summoned for the election of Sheriffs at the Guildhall, John Organ was elected Sheriff by the Mayor and John Chircheman by the Commonalty.
On the same Thursday, the Feast of St. Matthew [21 Sept.], William Tonge and Thomas Welford, Aldermen, and Thomas Rolf, Geoffrey Crymelford, Thomas Girdelere, and John Pountfreit, Commoners, were elected auditors of the accounts of the Chamberlain and the Wardens of London Bridge.
Writ to the Sheriffs for the election of four citizens to attend a Parliament to be held at Westminster on Friday after the Feast of St. Luke [18 Oct.] (fn. 7) to consider the state and defence of the realm. No Sheriff to be returned. Witness the King at Westminster, 3 Sept., 9 Richard II. [A.D. 1385].
Folio cxcv b.
Masters of Misteries sworn.
Cutlers: Martin Godard, Robert Austyn, Richard Dyne, Thomas Kirtone, Masters of the Cutlers, sworn the 20th Sept., 9 Richard II. [A.D. 1385], to rule their mistery and present defects to the Mayor and Aldermen.
Writ to the Mayor and Sheriffs to make proclamation against the holding of conventicles, and the carrying of swords except by Knights, who were to content themselves with one sword only. Witness the King at Westminster, 18 Oct., 9 Richard II. [A.D. 1385].
Be it remembered that on Monday after the Feast of St. Luke [18 Oct.], 9 Richard II. [A.D. 1385], proclamation was made of certain ordinances touching the sale of poultry, hay, oats, ale, fish, and other victual, similar to those recorded supra, fo. clxxxiv [fos. clxxxiii b-clxxxiv b], except that whereas it had been formerly declared that no one should buy fresh fish, either of the sea or fresh water, from any stranger to sell again raw (crue) before 10 o'clock—it is now declared that no one shall buy such fish of a stranger to sell again raw before 12 o'clock, and it is further declared that if any one has a grievance owing to these ordinances, he is to submit it to the Alderman of his Ward, and failing the Alderman, to the Mayor, and justice shall be done.
26 Oct., 9 Richard II. [A.D. 1385], John ...... elected Serjeant to survey streets and lanes and see them kept free from rubbish, fining delinquents 2s. for the use of the Chamber, and fining any one found placing rubbish, &c., before his neighbour's door 4s. for the use of the same.
Folio cxcvi b.
8 Nov., 9 Richard II. [A.D. 1385], the guardianship of Richard, son of John Noke, "pulter," aged 9½ years, together with a sum of £20 bequeathed to him by his father, committed by Nicholas Brembre, Knt. [Mayor], and Richard Odyham, the Chamberlain, to John "Lene," "skynnere" Sureties, viz., William Wiltshyre, "skynnere," Richard Arderne, "skynnere," and Edward Wodertone, "taillour."
Afterwards, viz., on the 8th June, 19 Richard II. [A.D. 1396], came the above orphan and claimed his patrimony, when it was found that neither the above John "Leve" nor Edward Wodertone, one of his sureties, had any possessions in the City to satisfy the orphan. Thereupon precept to John Parker, one of the Serjeants of the Chamber, to distrain the executors of William Wiltshire and Richard Arderne, with the result that Thomas and Ralph Wiltshire, executors of William Wiltshire, paid £10 into Court, and Alice, widow and executrix of Richard Arderne, another £10. And because it was found that the executors of the said William had no more than £10 in hand to administer, the said Alice came and rendered account before William Bramptone and William Reynewelle, Aldermen, and John Oteleye and Thomas Extone, Commoners, as auditors, in the presence of Stephen Speleman, the Chamberlain, and paid the arrears due for mesne profits.
Friday the Feast of the Translation of St. Edward [13 Oct.], 9 Richard II. [A.D. 1385], in the presence of Nicholas Brembre, Knt., Mayor, William Walworthe, Knt., William Cheyne, the Recorder, John Hadle, John Boseham, Hugh Fastolf, Nicholas Extone, John Fresshe, John Rote, Adam de St. Ive, John Hende, Simon Wynchecombe, Robert Warbultone, Richard Prestone, Henry Vannere, Thomas Welford, William More, John Fraunceys, John Shadworth, Roger Elys, and William Staundone, Aldermen, and John Orgon and John Chircheman, Sheriffs, and an immense Commonalty, summoned for the election of a Mayor for the year ensuing, Nicholas Brembre was elected Mayor.
Letters patent appointing Robert Tresilian, Robert Bealknape, Nicholas Brembre, the Mayor, William Cheyne, and William Rikhille, or any four, three, or two of them (the Mayor being one), to be Justices for gaol-delivery of Neugate. Witness the King at Westminster, 12 Nov., 9 Richard II. [A.D. 1385].
Precept to the Aldermen for keeping the Christmas watch in their several Wards, and bidding them hold a Wardmote before the Feast of the Epiphany [6 Jan.], so as to make presentment in writing of defects found in their Wards to the Court of the Mayor (ala court de Maire) on Monday after the said Feast. (fn. 8) [No date.]
Be it remembered that at the Common Council held on Friday before the Feast of the Purification [2 Feb.], 7 Richard II. [A.D. 1383-4], an ordinance was made to the effect that the Common Council should be made (serioit fait) by men of the Wards instead of its being holden (tenuz) by men of the misteries as recently ordained, as more fully appears supra, fo. clxxiii, and now at a Common Council holden on Wednesday the Feast of St. Lucia (fn. 9) [13 Dec. ?], 9 Richard II. [A.D. 1385], forasmuch as the said ordinance for holding the said Common Council by men of the Wards has been found on trial to be convenient and advantageous, it is affirmed to continue for ever. (fn. 10)
Also it is ordained and agreed that thenceforth there shall be no Mayor in the City unless he shall have previously been Sheriff, so that he may be tried as to his governance and bounty before he attain to the estate of Mayoralty.
Also, whereas a grant has formerly been made in Common Council to John Starlyng, Serjeant, of the keepership of the postern with houses adjoining for the term of his life, at an annual rent of 40 pence, he keeping the same in repair, it is now granted that he hold the same on the same terms, but without paying any rent, and the Commonalty is to be at liberty to recover possession in times of danger.
18 Jan., 9 Richard II. [A.D. 1385-6], John Salesburi, keeper of the water of the Thames, brought before Nicholas Brembre, the Mayor, and the Aldermen, certain nets called "treinkes" taken in the river, and belonging to William Daniel of Hamme, John Pyge of the same, and John Doo of Berkyng; also certain nets called "Peteresnettes" (fn. 11) belonging to John Weymaker of Fulham and William Elyot of Batricheseye, (fn. 12) which he declared to be of too small a mesh. The nets examined by Elias Braybroke, Clement Lavender, John York, and John Nettere, fishmongers, and found to be false They were therefore condemned to be burnt.
The same day John Maykyn of "Kynggesheue" (Kynggeshene ?), John Longe of "Kentone" on Thames, and Richard Clerk of Waltone on Thames, were mainprised by Walter Sampsone, Richard Lucas, and Thomas Belchambre, not to use unlawful nets to the destruction of small fish called "fry."
Folio cxcvii b.
Letters patent appointing Simon Wynchecombe, Adam St. Ive, William Neuport, and John Walcote to be collectors of the fifteenth and half a fifteenth granted to the King by the Parliament which sat at Westminster on Friday after the Feast of St. Luke [18 Oct.] (fn. 13) last for the defence of the realm. Witness the King at Westminster, 6 Dec., 9 Richard II. [A.D. 1385].
Precept to the Aldermen that they levy the above fifteenth and half a fifteenth in their respective Wards, and bring the money of the fifteenth to the Guildhall by the eve of the Purification [2 Feb.], and that of the half fifteenth by the eve of Pentecost [10 June] next. Dated 19 Jan. [A.D. 1385-6].
Monday the Feast of St. Gregory [12 March], 9 Richard II. [A.D. 1385-6], William atte Lee, chaundeler, discharged by the Mayor and Aldermen from serving on assizes, juries, &c., owing to increasing old age.
Letters patent declaring Cristin Kelmare, who had been expelled from the Society of the Hanse of Almaine on a charge of having paid the King a larger custom on merchandise than was right, and had been admitted to the freedom of the City, to be a free subject of the King as if born within the realm. Witness the King at Shene, 20 Jan., 9 Richard II. [A.D. 1385-6].
2 March, 9 Richard II. [A.D. 1385-6], John Salesbury, Serjeant Surveyor of the water of the Thames, brought 22 "burrokes" placed in the river to the east of London Bridge, wherein had been caught divers fry of "roches," "floundres," "dars," 'lamprons," and other fish of no value, contrary to the City's ordinance Two of the "burrokes" belonged to John Godersone, and the rest to persons unknown. The said fry being examined by the Mayor and Aldermen, as well as by fishmongers, were declared useless and to have been taken by the said "burrokes" to the destruction of the river-fish. The said "burrokes" were therefore condemned to be burnt, &c. (fn. 14)
20 March, 9 Richard II. [A.D. 1385-6], came John Baud, chaplain, and paid to Richard Odiham, the Chamberlain, the sum of 20 marks in trust for Alice, daughter of John Triple, whom Henry Mordone, fishmonger, had married.
Folio cxcviii b-cxcix.
Recital of proceedings having been taken against John Northampton, draper, John More and Richard Norbury, mercers, culminating in their being committed to widely distant prisons, there to remain for a term of ten years, and then only to be released on surety for keeping the peace, and on their undertaking not to come within 100 miles of the City. Nevertheless, representation having been recently made to the King that it would be agreeable to the majority of the good folks of the City if the said prisoners were to be allowed to come within 40 miles of the City, (fn. 15) in order to ascertain the truth of the matter the Mayor summoned the best of the folk of the City and suburbs to attend in the Chamber of Common Council at the Guildhall on Wednesday after the Feast of the Annunciation B. M. [25 March], 9 Richard II. [A.D. 1386], when there were present Nicholas Brembre, the Mayor, William Cheyne, the Recorder, John Hadle, John Orgon, John Chircheman, John Boseham, Nicholas Extone, John Fresshe, John Rote, William More, John Estone, William Olyver, Henry Vannere, Richard Prestone, William Staundone, and Thomas Welford, Aldermen, and the following Commoners from the several Wards, viz.:—
Cornhill (11): Richard Manhale, John Pynchoun, Thomas Birche, Walter Pykenham, John Ive, John Cok, "chaundeler," John Langhorn, John atte Harpe, William Wangford, Richard Smythe, and Robert Langetone.
Cordewanerestret (13): Henry Stacy, Richard Hatfeld, Andrew Coggeshale, Robert Dane, William Pountfreit, John Hoo, Laurence Andreu, Thomas Heyward, Roger Martyn, Mark Ernele, Thomas atte Mille, William Culham, and Robert Fitz Robert.
Chepe (18): John Frankelein, Thomas Pope, John Pigeoun, Geoffrey Grigge, Geoffrey Crymelford, Thomas Makwilliam, Thomas Neel, Thomas Vyvent, William Pottenham, Richard Plot, Richard Burtone, William Wadesworth, John Cosyn, Robert Cursoun, Henry Godyn, Simon Wynchecombe, John Clerk, John Walsyngham.
Bridge (16): William atte Sele, Richard Radewelle, Thomas Mallyng, John Burwelle, John Mokkyng, Henry Petipas, William Bys, John Pountfreit, William atte Lee, Richard Blomville, John Sewale, William Radewelle, Robert Cook, John Bonet, Richard Grace, Henry Whitewelle.
Farndone (14): Thomas Boner, Richard Saffrey, Robert Lynne, John Kentois, John Hille, Robert Boxford, Richard Sprot, Nicholas Hoo, Thomas Pantone, Thomas Polle, Philip Downe, John Blakman, Simon atte Nax, William Pershore.
And the aforesaid Mayor, Aldermen, and Commons being severally asked to declare on oath whether they thought it better for the peace of the City that the said John Norhamptone, John More, and Richard Norbury should be allowed to approach within 40 miles of the City or be kept at the distance of 100 miles as previously ordered, declared that the approach of all or any of them within a distance of 40 miles would engender discord and debate in the City, (fn. 16) which God forbid. Thereupon the Mayor was asked to take with him the Aldermen and such Commoners as he would, and approach the King with the view of getting him to allow the original order to stand.
At the same time the Commons put forward an ordinance made during the Mayoralty of John Hadle for sealing cloth made within the City with a seal of lead, to distinguish it from cloth made elsewhere, and prayed that a charge of one halfpenny should be made for sealing each cloth, and no more, although the charge was formerly greater. (fn. 17) The petition granted.
Also another petition was presented by John Salesbury, who had recently been appointed Surveyor of the river Thames and of fishermen therein in order to prevent the destruction of small fish, setting forth that he had received nothing for his pains, inasmuch as the false nets, wears, "treinkes," and other engines for catching fish were ordered to be burnt. (fn. 18) Thereupon the Commons desired the said Mayor and Aldermen to consider the petition favourably.
Folio cxcix b.
Also Nicholas Spyre, "taillour," valet of the Queen's Wardrobe, presented a petition to the said Mayor, Aldermen, and Commons that he might be admitted to the franchise of the City in the mistery of "taillours," as formerly desired by the Queen. His prayer granted, provided it be done with the assent of the Masters of the "Taillours," according to the custom of the City, and that he satisfy the Chamberlain for the said franchise as may be agreed upon.
Also a petition was presented to the said Mayor, Aldermen, and Commons by John Hermesthorp, Warden of the Hospital of St. Katherine near the Tower, for leave to enclose a piece of ground, formerly a portion of the garden of the said Hospital, and purchased by King Edward I. for the purpose of enlarging the Tower ditch, inasmuch as it was now vacant land and had become the resort of bad characters Thereupon it was agreed that the place should be viewed. (fn. 19)
Precept to the Aldermen to levy forthwith in their several Wards a sum equal to half a fifteenth (granted to the King by the last Parliament) for the defence of Calais, (fn. 20) &c., and to bring the money to the Guildhall within 8 days at the latest. Dated 4 May, 9 Richard II. [A.D. 1386].
Precept to the Aldermen that they put their several Wards in array, and keep an armed watch at night, and, further, pay in to the Guildhall arrears of the half fifteenth recently ordered to be levied by Wednesday next, and take the usual steps for prevention of fire. Dated 2 June [A.D. 1386].
Election of Aldermen.
Bredstret: Sir Nicholas Brembre.
Lymstret: John Hadle.
Billynggesgate: Nicholas Extone.
Chepe: John Boseham.
Vintry: Henry Vannere.
Langebourne: John Organ.
Bisshopesgate: John Chircheman.
Crepulgate: Robert Warbultone.
Colemanstret: John Estone.
Bassieshawe: John Shadworth.
Farndone: John Fraunceys.
Algate: William Staundone.
Aldrichesgate: Roger Elys.
Cornhulle: John Rote.
Walbrok: William Olyver.
Cordewanerstret: John Fresshe.
Douegate: Richard Prestone.
Castelbaynard: William More.
Queenhithe: Thomas Welford.
Bridge: Hugh Fastolf.
Tour: William Venour.
Bradestret: Adam St. Ive.
Candelwykstret: John Hende.
Precept to the Aldermen to set their several Wards in array, and to keep the customary watch on the eves of St. John [24 June] and SS. Peter and Paul [29 June] in manner prescribed. (fn. 21)
Folio cc b.
Acquittance by Nicholas Brembre, Knt., the Mayor, the Aldermen, and the rest of the citizens to Richard Odyham, grocer, the Chamberlain, on his account for one year from Michaelmas, 8 Richard II. [A.D. 1384]. Dated in the Chamber of the Guildhall the morrow of St. Michael [29 Sept.], 9 Richard II. [A.D. 1385].
Grant by Nicholas Brembre, Knt., the Mayor, and the Commonalty to John Fekynham of the mansion over the gate of Aldrichesgate for life, he keeping the said mansion in repair and the City resuming possession in times of danger. Dated 23 May, 9 Richard II. [A.D. 1386].
Return made to the above by John Organ and John Chircheman, the Sheriffs, to the effect that John Newtone had been committed on appeal of John Everose, haberdasher and freeman of the City, before the said Sheriffs and John Charneye, the Coroner, for a robbery committed in the City; that a day had been fixed for prosecuting the appeal before the Mayor and Justices at the next gaol-delivery, according to the custom of the City, and that the appeal could not be determined elsewhere without infringement of the City's franchise.