Calendar of Letter-Books of the City of London: H, 1375-1399. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1907.
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Letter from Nicholas Extone, the Mayor, the Aldermen, and the Commonalty under the Common Seal to the King, enclosing a copy of the above oath [omitting the clauses placed in parenthesis], which they assure him they had taken and were determined to keep, and commending to him Nicholas Brembre, who would inform him as to the state of the City. Dated 5 Oct. [A.D. 1387].
Letters patent granting pardon, at the request of Nicholas "de" Extone, the Mayor, to Richard Bone, "webbe," (fn. 1) William Harowe, "webbe," Henry Nasse, "webbe," William Pykas, "webbe," John Nook, "webbe," William Pypar, "webbe," and Thomas Wolf, "webbe," for felonies, &c. Witness the King at Westminster, 20 March, 10 Richard II. [A.D. 1386-7].
Presentation by Nicholas Extone, the Mayor, and Richard Odyham, the Chamberlain, of William Lokha, chaplain, to the chantry founded in St. Paul's Church by Henry Guldeford, called "le Mareschal," in the place of John Albon, deceased, the right of presentation falling to them pursuant to an agreement made on the morrow of the Purification [2 Feb.], A. D. 1313[-14]. (fn. 2) Dated 28 Sept., A D 1387.
Folio ccxxi b.
27 July, 11 Richard II. [A.D. 1387], the guardianship of Margaret and Margery, daughters of William Knyghtcote, together with a sum of £1,471 7s. 1d. belonging to them and to Idonia their sister, in the custody of Johanna, widow of the said William and mother of the said Idonia, committed by Nicholas Extone, the Mayor, and Richard Odyham, the Chamberlain, to John Otteley, mercer. (fn. 3) Sureties, viz., Hugh Fastolf and Adam de St. Ive, Aldermen, Thomas Otteleye, grocer, and William Potenham, girdler.
Afterwards, viz., on the 6th Feb., 12 Richard II. [A.D. 1388-9], the said John Otteleye paid a certain sum of money to Thomas Sampson, of co. Suffolk, and to Simon his son, who had married the above Margaret; and on the 20th Feb., 13 Richard II. [A.D. 1389-90], he paid another sum of money to Thomas Aleyn, mercer, who had married the above Margery. Other payments follow.
Afterwards, viz., on the 15th June, 17 Richard II. [A.D. 1394], it was granted by William Staundone, the Mayor, and the Aldermen that Richard Forster should marry the above Idonia, and the said John Otteley and Thomas Aleyn covenanted to pay them the sum of £500 by two equal instalments.
Letter of Privy Seal to the Mayor and Sheriffs of London bidding them appoint Thomas Usk, (fn. 4) the King's Serjeant-at- arms, to be Under-Sheriff of the county of Middlesex in the place of John Boterwyk, who was getting too old for work. Dated at the King's manor of Clipstone, 2 Sept. [A.D. 1387].
Letter of Privy Seal from the King to the Mayor, Aldermen, and Commons, thanking them for their loyalty as expressed in their letter under their Common Seal and by Nicholas Brembre, as also for their efforts to bring about unity and concord in the City. He exhorts them to continue these efforts, so that he might the sooner pay them a visit in person. (fn. 5) It was his intention, with the advice of his lieges in the City, to grant a pardon to all who confessed their misdoings and prayed his favour. He had been informed by Nicholas Brembre that good and honourable men had been elected Sheriffs, and he hoped that at the election of a Mayor they would choose one who could be trusted to well govern the City, (fn. 6) otherwise he (the King) would refuse to receive him on presentation. He charges them to see that no one trouble him with petitions to show greater favour to the traitors John Norhamptone, John More, and Richard Norbury, but to learn particulars as to the property of these men, and safeguard the same until further orders. He is gratified that, in accordance with his request, they have appointed Thomas Usk to the office of Under-Sheriff of Middlesex, and promises that such appointment shall not form a precedent to the prejudice of the City's franchise Dated at the Abbey of Eynesham, 7 Oct. [A.D. 1387].
8 Oct., 11 Richard II. [A.D. 1387], report made by William Sheringham, John Loveye, John Ottele, and Robert Guphey, mercers, as auditors of a commercial account between Thomas Austyn, mercer, and John Banham, his servant.
Folio ccxxii b.
Masters of Misteries sworn.
Cordwainers: Walter Buk, John Lewes, Richard Pyrye, and Richard Shote sworn, 2 Oct., 11 Richard II. [A.D. 1387], to rule the mistery, sparing none for love nor molesting any for hate, and to present such defects as they may find to the Mayor, Aldermen, and Chamberlain, &c.
Acquietancia unius marce redditus ponti London' debit' de quod' gardino quod prior beate Marie de Suthwerk tenet extra barram Sc'i Georgii de Suthwerk per Maiorem Alder'os et co'itatem eidem Priorifact' etc.
Acquittance by Nicholas Extone, the Mayor, the Aldermen, and the rest of the citizens, to Friar Henry Colyngbourne, Prior of the House of St. Mary de Suthwerk, and convent of the same, for one year's quitrent due to the same and to London Bridge for a garden belonging to the said religious house situate near Kentstrete, in the parish of St. George without the Bar of Suthwerk, and once the property of William de Exmuthe. Dated the morrow of St. Michael [29 Sept.], 11 Richard II. [A.D. 1387]. (fn. 7)0
31 Oct., 11 Richard II. [A.D. 1387], the guardianship of Johanna, daughter of William "Bricles," together with a sum of £20 and a mazer bequeathed to her by Sabine, late wife of Henry Yerdele, committed by Nicholas Extone, the Mayor, and Richard Odyham, the Chamberlain, to William Tonge, vintner. Surety, viz., Thomas Wyght, pepperer.
Afterwards, viz., on Monday the 13th March, 13 Richard II. [A.D. 1389-90], the said William Tonge having died, the above guardianship was committed by William Venour, the Mayor, and the above Chamberlain to William Wasshebourne, "sherman" Sureties, viz., Thomas Wyght and William Wyght.
Afterwards, viz., on the 2nd June, 16 Richard II. [A.D. 1393], the said Johanna having died, came Katherine, widow and executrix of the above William Wasshebourne, and John Wyryng, her co-executor, and delivered the deceased's property to Stephen Speleman, the Chamberlain, and also certain articles of silver bequeathed to John, son of William Brykles, to keep quousque etc.
31 Oct., 11 Richard II. [A.D. 1387], the guardianship of Isabella, daughter of the above William Brikles, together with a sum of £20 and a mazer bequeathed to her by the above Sabine, late wife of Henry Yerdele, committed by Nicholas Extone, the Mayor, and Richard Odyham, the Chamberlain, to Thomas Wight, pepperer. Surety, viz., William Wyght, pepperer.
Afterwards, viz., on the 1st Feb., 21 Richard II. [A.D. 1397-8], came John Canynges, who had married [Cecilia], the widow of the above Thomas Wight, (fn. 8) and delivered to Stephen Speleman, the Chamberlain, the property of the said Isabella for safe custody.
Afterwards, viz., on the 29th March, 21 Richard II. [A.D. 1398], the above Johanna, daughter of William Brykles, being dead, and Isabella being of full age, the property of the latter was delivered to her together with a moiety of the property of her deceased sister.
Folio ccxxiii b.
Sunday the Feast of Translation of St. Edward [13 Oct.], 11 Richard II. [A.D. 1387], in the presence of Nicholas Extone, the Mayor, Nicholas Brembre, Knt., John Hadle, William Cheyne, the Recorder, Nicholas Twyford, Knt., John Chircheman, William Venour, Hugh Fastolf, William More, William Staundone, Henry Vanner, John Shadworth, John Rote, John Hende, Adam de St. Ive, Adam Bamme, John Fraunceys, Roger Elys, Thomas Wylford, and William Olyver, Aldermen, and an immense Commonalty, as well of the Common Council as of other good men of the Wards, summoned for the election of a Mayor for the year ensuing, Nicholas Extone was elected.
Writ to the Mayor and Sheriffs for proclamation (fn. 9) to be made in the City and suburbs to the effect that the King had taken under his special protection his uncle Thomas, Duke of Gloucester, Richard [Fitz Alan], Earl of Arundel, Thomas [de Beauchamp], Earl of Warwick, and all their folk, as well as Alexander [Neville], Archbishop of York, Robert [de Vere], Duke of Ireland, Michael [de la Pole], Earl of Suffolk, Robert Tresilian and Nicholas Brembre, Knights, who stood impeached of certain charges, and all their folk, until the next meeting of Parliament at Westminster on the morrow of Candlemas [2 Feb.]. (fn. 10) [No date. (fn. 11)]
Writ of Privy Seal to Nicholas Extone, the Mayor, bidding him attend the King at Wyndesore Castle, together with all the Aldermen, on Sunday next [1 Dec.], in order to consult on matters of great importance. Dated at Wyndesore Castle [Thursday], 28 Nov. (fn. 12) [A.D. 1387].
A royal proclamation forbidding any one to speak ill of the King and Queen or of the lords who dwelt about the King's person, for that the King himself would act as he thought best. [No date]. (fn. 13)
Writ of Privy Seal to Nicholas Extone, the Mayor, bidding him to charge the Aldermen to take steps for safeguarding the City on the King's behalf, and to make a return of the names of all disloyal persons they may find. Dated at Wyndesore Castle, 3 Dec. [A.D. 1387].
Proclamation against any one carrying a sword or other arms unless he be an esquire or valet of a Knight, bearing a single sword only after his master; also against any one going as a "mummer" or playing any game with a mask or other strange guise, whereby his identity may be concealed.
Writ to the Sheriffs for the election of four citizens to attend a Parliament to be held at Westminster on the morrow of the Purification [2 Feb.]. No Sheriff to be returned. Witness the King at Wyndesore, 17 Dec., 11 Richard II. [A.D. 1387].
Letters patent granting pardon to the citizens in respect of recent disturbances caused by members of certain arts and misteries, except those already convicted, and those who had taken flight and had not yet returned to the City. (fn. 14) Witness the King at Westminster, 22 June, 9 Richard II. [A.D. 1385].
Letters patent appointing Robert Bealknape, John Holt, and Nicholas Extone, the Mayor, or any two of them (the said Mayor being one), to be Justices for the delivery of Thomas Austin, mercer, Alice his wife, Hugh Lytherpolle, and other prisoners in Neugate. Witness the King at Westminster, 29 Jan., 11 Richard II. [A.D. 1387-8].
Folio ccxxiv b.
Precept for election of Aldermen, whether they have already been Aldermen or not, and also of a certain number (fn. 15) of sufficient persons of each Ward to serve as a Common Council, the names of those so elected being returned to the Guildhall by Monday before the Feast of St. Gregory [12 March] next.
Wednesday after the Feast of St. Matthias [24 Feb.], 11 Richard II. [A.D. 1387-8], Robert Porter, servant of John Gibbe, a baker of Stratford, charged at the Guildhall before Nicholas Extone, the Mayor, John Hadle, John Chircheman, William Venour, Adam Bamme, Adam de St. Ive, Thomas Wilford, William Wottone, and John Fraunceys, Aldermen, with inserting a piece of iron into a loaf to add to its weight and to deceive the said Mayor when making the assize of bread Condemned to stand on the pillory with the loaf and piece of iron hung about his neck. (fn. 16)
Friday before Palm Sunday [22 March], 11 Richard II. [A.D. 1387-8], John Walcote, Alderman of the Ward of Walbroke, complained to Nicholas Extone, the Mayor, of an insult having been offered to him by Robert Staffertone, whom he had summoned by Robert Parker, the Beadle of the Ward, to attend on a certain day at the church of St. Swithin in Candelwykstret, and for his disobedience had committed to prison until the matter should be determined by the Aldermen.
On the following day the Mayor and Aldermen committed the said Robert Staffertone to Neugate for forty days, but this punishment was soon afterwards commuted for one of penance and the presentation of a wax candle to Guildhall Chapel. (fn. 17)
Letters patent acknowledging a loan of £5,000 made by the City to the King, to be repaid by the Feast of Holy Trinity [24 May] next, out of the half tenth and half fifteenth (fn. 18) to be raised in the City of London and county of Middlesex, the county of Wiltshire, the parts of Lyndesey in the county of "Nicol," (fn. 19) and the counties of Suffolk, Essex, Kent, Oxford, and Southampton. Dated at Westminster, 25 March, 11 Richard II. [A.D. 1388].
14 Sept., 17 Richard II. [A.D. 1393], came John Otteleye before William Staundone, the Mayor, and the Aldermen, and paid to Stephen Speleman, the Chamberlain, certain sums of money in trust for Idonia, daughter of William Knightcote; and on the 1st Oct. the said Chamberlain delivered the said Idonia's property to Richard Forster, who had married her. (fn. 20)
Folio ccxxv b.
Letters patent appointing Thomas Austyn, William Wottone, William Tonge, and John Furneux to levy in the City the money granted by Parliament for safeguarding the sea and defence of the realm. Witness the King at Westminster, 10 March, 11 Richard II. [A.D. 1387-8].
21 April, 11 Richard II. [A.D. 1388], Edward Cambr[ege?], William Brichford, William Bowiere, and Richard Waltham, Surveyors of the mistery of Skinners, brought five [sic] furs, which they declared to be false and deceitful and ought to be confiscated, viz., one fur of "meniver" seized in the house of Nicholas Waldegrave, containing 3 timbers, (fn. 21) appraised by oath of William Wiltshire, John Titesbury, John Huwet, and Richard Arderne, skinners, at 4s. a timber; one fur of meniver, cleaned (pured), containing 18 timbers, seized in the house of Robert Rybot, appraised at 3s. a timber; another fur of the same, containing 9 timbers, seized in the house of John Reynold, appraised at 2s. 6d. a timber; another of 6 timbers seized in the house of Matilda Penne, appraised at 3s. a timber. Total value, £4 19s. and no more, because one fur was sold for less than its appraised value. One-third of the aforesaid sum, viz., 33s., was given to the Surveyors for their trouble, and the rest, viz., £3 6s., remained to the use of the Commonalty.
Election of Aldermen.
Writ to the Mayor and Sheriffs to make proclamation of a statute passed in the last Parliament (fn. 22) confirming statutes passed in the ninth and twenty-fifth years of King Edward III., whereby freedom of trade in all manner of victuals, &c., was granted to foreigner and denizen alike in the City of London and elsewhere, any charter, &c., to the contrary notwithstanding, and to see the said statute observed. Witness the King at Westminster, 14 June, 11 Richard II. [A.D. 1388].
Folio ccxxvi b.
Proclamation accordingly, 26 June, 12 Richard II. [A.D. 1388] Saturday the eve of Pentecost [17 May], 11 Richard II. [A.D. 1388], Richard Bole, butcher, committed to prison for asking too high a price for his meat and for insulting William Wottone, the Alderman of the Ward of Douegate.
The matter being referred to the judgment of the Mayor and Aldermen, they condemned him to six months' imprisonment, and to do penance by humbly presenting a wax candle to the Guildhall Chapel. The term of imprisonment was afterwards remitted. (fn. 23)
12 June, 11 Richard II. [A.D. 1388], licence granted by Nicholas Extone, the Mayor, the Aldermen, and Richard Odiham, the Chamberlain, to those living in the neighbourhood to build a pinnacle (fn. 24) over the Conduit in Fletestrete, opposite the house and tavern of John Walworth, "vynter," and near the hostel of the Bishop of Salisbury, (fn. 25) in order to prevent inundations owing to fractured pipes. The work to be done at their own cost, and to be abated on notice being given them by the Mayor, Aldermen, and Chamberlain, or by the Common Council. Sureties, viz., John Rote, John Walworth, Robert Bryan, Thomas Duke, George (fn. 26) Cressy, Reymond Standulf, John Chamberleyn, Robert Ikford, Nicholas Simond, Adam Jurdan, Robert Wauter, John Attehille, Walter Hoggeslade, Walter Dunmowe, William Balle, Roger Kempestone, Richard Middelton, Alan Ulryk, Roger Rabat, John Derneford, Robert Mauncel, and John Enmede.
Writ to the Mayor and Sheriffs to release from prison Alice, widow and executrix of John Coterelle (committed to Neugate for failing to satisfy the just demands of John Body and Johanna his wife), she having been mainprised by Robert Wyclif, clerk, John Appeltone, Walter Knolles, Thomas Sibsay, William Clophille, Philip atte Vyne, and John Meire, in the King's Chancery. Witness the King at Westminster, 12 June, 11 Richard II. [A.D. 1388].
Return made to the above by Nicholas Extone, the Mayor, William Venour and Hugh Fastolf, the Sheriffs, setting out the custom of the City in respect of orphans, and the jurisdiction of the Mayor, Aldermen, and the Chamberlain over them and their property, to the exclusion of other authorities. Nevertheless, they had, pursuant to writs sent to them on the matter, released the said Alice from prison so that she might appear before the King (inasmuch as they could not themselves appear owing to pressing business touching the City), subject to the preservation of the City's liberties and customs and to her being remitted to prison in due course.
Folio ccxxvii b.
2 July, 12 Richard II. [A.D. 1388], the guardianship of Margaret and certain goods belonging to Thomas (apprentice to Mark Ernele, pepperer), children of William Herkstede, (fn. 27) late pepperer, committed by Nicholas Extone, the Mayor, and Richard Odiham, the Chamberlain, to John Vyne, mercer. Sureties, viz., Stephen Spilleman and William Lyncoln, mercers.
Afterwards, viz., on the 14th Dec., 14 Richard II. [A.D. 1390], the above Margaret having died under age and unmarried, her property was delivered to the above John Vyne and Thomas, executors of the said William Herkestede. (fn. 28)
2 July, 12 Richard II. [A.D. 1388], the guardianship of Johanna, daughter of the above William Herkstede, together with divers rents and other property, committed by Nicholas Extone, the Mayor, and Richard Odiham, the Chamberlain, to John Hanefeld, pepperer. Sureties, viz., Walter Neutone and Thomas Knolles, pepperers.
Afterwards, viz., on the 16th July, 17 Richard II. [A.D. 1393], came Roger Culney, draper, who had married the above Johanna, and acknowledged satisfaction for his wife's property. Writ to the Mayor and Sheriffs bidding them to take the same oath as that recently taken by those who attended the Parliament then sitting, and to administer the same to the Aldermen and chief men of the City and suburbs according to the form enclosed. (fn. 29) Witness the King at Westminster, 4 June, 11 Richard II. [A.D. 1388].
Folio ccxxviii b.
Wednesday after the Feast of Translation of St. Thomas [7 July], 12 Richard II. [A.D. 1388], a plaint made by John Helstone, brewer, before Nicholas Extone, the Mayor, and the Aldermen, to the effect that whereas Michael Tropist had covenanted with Laurence, an appealer (appellour (fn. 30)) in Neugate, to appeal him (the said John) for receiving thieves, for which the said Michael was to give the said appealer half a mark, and whereas the said appealer had written a Bill and sent it to the said John, threatening to appeal him unless the said John sent him a noble, whereupon the said John had gone to Neugate, and in the presence of the Coroner had asked an explanation from the appealer, who said he had acted at the instance of the said Michael, to the great hurt of the plaintiff, who now prayed that the said Michael might be punished for his offence.
Thereupon the said Michael was attached to answer the charge laid against him. He confessed himself not guilty, and claimed a jury. The jurors of the venue of the parish of St. Sepulchre without Neugate, viz., William Grene, John Reynham, William Grandone, William Spicerer, William Proude, John Trentmars, John Austyn, John Watvile, Hugh Troght, William Bisshop, William Trymnel, and Michael Wight, found him guilty of procuring and abetting the said approver (fn. 31) (probatorem), and of causing him to appeal the said John Helstone, whereby the said John might easily have lost his life and property. Cur. ad. vult.
Afterwards, viz., on Wednesday the Feast of Translation of St. Swythun [15 July], the Mayor and Aldermen, sitting in the Hall of the Guildhall, condemned him to stand on the pillory for one hour on three consecutive days, and afterwards to be committed to Neugate for one year unless, &c.
Writ for the election of four citizens to attend a Parliament to be held at Cantebrigge on the morrow of the Nativity of St. Mary [8 Sept.]. (fn. 32) No Sheriff to be returned. Witness the King at Oxford, 28 July, 12 Richard II. [A.D. 1388].
Monday the 3rd Aug., 12 Richard II. [A.D. 1388], Simon Terry, gate-keeper of the Compter of William Venour, one of the Sheriffs, removed from office and committed to prison for insulting Adam Bamme, an Alderman. The imprisonment subsequently remitted. (fn. 33)
The same day, William Asshewell, Beadle of the Ward of Cornhulle, was charged before the Mayor and Aldermen with having spread false reports to the effect that John Chircheman and Hugh Fastolf, Aldermen (the latter being also Sheriff), had been arrested and carried to the Tower by order of the King's Council, and that the said John Chircheman had had his head broken by the Duke of Gloucester. Thereupon the said William Asshewell was removed from office. (fn. 34)
Friday the 31st July, 12 Richard II. [A.D. 1388], a plaint made by Robert Buk, goldsmith, before Nicholas Extone, the Mayor, and the Aldermen, against Robert Feltone, a prisoner in Neugate, to the effect that he had bribed Laurence the appealer (lappellour) in Neugate to bring false charges against him, to wit, that he should have been (dust avoir este (fn. 35)) with the said appealer at the death of John de Clifford at Donnysmore, co. Warwick, and at certain other felonies below "le Park de Etone," to the great hurt of the plaintiff; that thereupon John Charneye, the Coroner, had questioned the said Laurence on the matter, who had confessed that he had acted at the instance of Robert Feltone. The plaintiff prayed a remedy.
Precept to David Berteville, the Keeper of the gaol of Neugate, to bring up Robert Feltone before the Mayor and Aldermen on Monday the 3rd August, when the said Robert denied his guilt and claimed a jury. The jurors, viz., John atte Shoppe, Thomas Martin, Richard Molle, John Huwet, William Stanes, John Dewes, Simon Dustone, William Trymnelle, John Coteswold, Nicholas Wyght, Richard Sulby, and John Pynchoun, summoned by John Wykes, Serjeant of the Chamber, from the venue of Neugate, declared the said Robert to be guilty, notwithstanding his having produced the King's letters of protection. Cur. ad. vult, the said Robert being recommitted to prison in the meantime. (fn. 36)
Folio ccxxix b.
Letters patent to the effect that whereas it had been commonly reported in the City that Nicholas "de" Extone, the Mayor, had in the last Parliament held at Westminster used his endeavours with the prelates and magnates to prejudice the City's liberties and to get Robert Knolles appointed Captain over the said City, and whereas, at the request of the said Mayor, the King had caused inquiries to be made among the prelates and magnates attending the present Parliament (fn. 37) as to the truth of such a charge and had found it to be wholly false —the King hereby signifies to his lieges of the City the innocence of the Mayor, and forbids any further defamation of him. Witness the King at Cantebrege, 4 Oct., 12 Richard II. [A.D. 1388].
30 Nov., 11 Richard II. [A.D. 1387], the guardianship of Agnes, Henry, and Alice, children of John Thomlyn, late grocer, committed by Nicholas Extone, the Mayor, and Richard "Odyam," the Chamberlain, to John Cowlynge, grocer, who had married their mother. Sureties, viz., John Halle, grocer, and Thomas Sybsuy (Sybsay?).
Afterwards, viz., on the 21st Nov., 19 Richard II. [A.D. 1395], came the above John Cowlynge before the Mayor and Aldermen, praying that the above Henry might be allowed to enter the Priory of Lewes as a monk, and that his money might be handed over to the Priory. His prayer granted.