Calendar of Letter-Books of the City of London: B, 1275-1312. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1900.
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Folio 109 [facieinversa.] (xxix b).
Tuesday after the Feast of SS. Peter and Paul [29 June], 2 Edward II. [A.D. 1309], came Robert de Mordone, "stokfishmongere," William le Spicer, carpenter, Thomas de Dunlee, spicer, and John le Wyte, "stokfishmongere," before Nicholas de Farndone, the Mayor, the Aldermen, and the Chamberlain, and mainprised John Elys, "stokfishmongere," and Stephen Creye, executor of John Gubbe, to answer for the sum of £56 9s. 1d., quo et quando, &c.
Folio 108 b [facieinversa.] (xxx).
Edward, &c. Know ye that at the request of our beloved and trusty John de Vescy we have pardoned William de Bosco the suit of our peace, which appertains to us for the death of William le Taverner, whereof he was accused, and any outlawry pronounced against him on that account, and we grant unto him our firm peace. So that, however, he stand to right (stet recto) in our Court if any one wish to prosecute him In witness whereof we have caused these our letters patent to be made. Witness myself at Burgh, 24 Dec., 9 Edward I. [A.D. 1280].
Tuesday the Feast of St. Michael [29 Sept.], 10 Edward I. [A.D. 1282], in the Guildhall of London, before the Mayor and other reputable men of the City, Walter Musard, burgess of Douay, brought the King's writ that the whole commonalty of Douay should be quit of murage in terms as follows:—
Edward, &c., to his Mayor and Sheriffs greeting. We command you that if Walter Musard, burgess of Douay, be able reasonably to show to you, on behalf of himself and the whole commonalty of Douay, that they ought, by charter of our father King Henry of famous memory, to be quit of murage throughout our realm, you then permit the said William and others of the said commonalty to be quit of the same, and cause any distress that may have been taken therefor to be restored Dated Worcester, 19 May, 10 Edward I. [A.D. 1282].
The Charter of the Merchants of Douay granted by Henry, late King of England, touching Murage.
Henry, &c. Know ye that we have granted, and by this our charter have confirmed for us and our heirs, to our beloved burgesses and merchants of Douay that they for ever throughout our kingdom and dominion have this liberty, viz., that neither they nor their goods, wherever found in our dominion, be arrested for any debt in the absence of sureties or principal debtors, unless perchance the debtors themselves be of their commune (comuna) and jurisdiction, having the wherewithal to pay their debts in full or in part......And that the said burgesses and merchants be for ever quit of murages (de muragiis) throughout our realm, and shall not through any trespass or forfeiture of their servants lose their goods and chattels on proving them to be their property. And also if the said burgesses and merchants or any of them die within our realm, whether testate or intestate, neither we nor our heirs will cause their goods to be confiscated so that the heirs shall not inherit upon proof of ownership being given. And that they with their merchandise may freely come to our realm and there stay, paying the customs due. But if there should be war at any time between the King of France and us or our own heirs, the said merchants shall be allowed forty days to leave the country with their goods. Wherefore we will and command you that the said burgesses and merchants be allowed to enjoy all the liberties aforesaid, and we forbid that any one should presume to molest them, contrary to this liberty and grant, under penalty of 10 pounds. Witnesses, the Venerable Father H[enry de Sandwich], Bishop of London; Richard de Clare, Earl of Gloucester and Hertford; Humphrey de Bohun, Earl of Hereford and Essex; Hugh le Bigod, Philip le Basset, Hugh le Despenser, our Justices of England; James de Aldithley (Audley), Roger de Mortimer, John Mansell, Treasurer at York, Robert le Waleraund, and others [not named]. Dated Westminster, 24 Nov., 45 Henry III. [A.D. 1260].
(Item in albo novo libro de brevibus et memorandis in folio circa lxxxiij habetur confirmacio Regis E. fil' R. E. super istam cartam de Duaco. (fn. 1))
Folio 108 [facie inversa.] (xxx b).
Wednesday the eve of the Nativity B. M. [8 Sept.], 23 Edward I. [A.D. 1295], it was ordained, in the presence of Sir John
Bretoun, then Warden of the City; John le Blound, Adam
de Rokele, Walter de Finchingfeud, Nicholas de Farndone,
Richard Aswy, Thomas Romeyn, Thomas Gros (Cros ?), John
de Dunstaple, and William de Bettoyne, Aldermen; [and] by
the underwritten, viz.:—
that all and singular citizens and others residing in the City who gave the sixth penny of their goods to the lord the King, and also all others newly coming to live and remain in the City, shall give to the collectors assigned for that collection of their goods, viz., 2 pence out of every pound for furnishing a galley for the lord the King, who is going to parts beyond the seas in aid of the war of the lord the King. (fn. 4)
|John le Coffrer, of the Ward of Chepe;|
|William Amis, of the Ward of Cornhull;|
|William de Rokesl[e], of Douuegate (Dounegate ?);|
|Benedict [le] Speron[er],||of the Ward of N[icholas] de Farndone without;|
|Geoffrey de Chelheth,|
|Robert Hardel, of the Ward of Vintry;|
|Richard Scharp, of the Ward of Billingsgate;|
|William Jurdan,||of the Ward of Candlewystrate;|
|Robert de Mertone,|
|John de Steb[e]nhethe, of the Ward of Bridge;|
|William de la Vine, of the Ward of Tower;|
|Nicholas Pikot,||of the Ward of Lotheberi; (fn. 2)|
|Walm' de Wallok,|
|Gregory Lorimer,||of the Ward of Crepelgate;|
|Thomas de Frowick,|
|Thomas de Waledene, of the Ward of Walebrock;|
|Richard le Seinturer,||of the Ward of H[enry] le Bole; (fn. 3)|
|Matthew le Paumer,||of the Ward of Cornhull;|
|Richard le Fingere,|
|William de Storteford,||of the Ward of Cordewanerstrate;|
|John le Loung,|
|Richard de Morthone, of the Ward of Bredstrate;|
|Hugh de Bedeford,||of the Ward of Aldridesgate;|
|Richard de Caumpes, of (the Ward of) Bassieshawe;|
|Adam Maniman,||of (the Ward of) Colemannestrate;|
|Alan le Seinturer,|
|William Bernard,||of (the Ward of) Queenhithe;|
|Robert de Chalfhunte,|
|Roger de Watham, of the Ward of Alegate,—|
Thursday before the Feast of Pentecost [2 June], 25 Edward I. [A.D. 1297], it was ordained—in the presence of Sir John le Bretun, then Warden of London; Thomas de Suffolk, [and] Adam de Foleham, then Sheriffs; Walter de Finchingfeud, William le Mazeliner, John de Dunstaple, Richard Eswy, William de Bettoyne, Salomon le Cotiler, and Henry le Bole, Aldermen—that by reason of murders [and] strifes arising between persons known and unknown, [and] by reason of the congregating in the market of thieves, cut-purses (pro cissoribus loculorum), and other misdoers against the peace of our lord the King, what was called pe nane feyre, (fn. 5) recently instituted after dinner in Soperlane, should thenceforth be altogether abolished and not again be held on pain of losing the wares bought and sold there; which market had been instituted by strangers, foreigners, mendicants, and others living three or four miles (leucas (fn. 6)) from London. And the ordinance was made by the underwritten in conjunction with the above Aldermen, viz.:—
Of Ludgate within and without: (fn. 7) Luke de Ware, William Flori, Walter le Chaundeler, Stephen de Hadham.
Of the Ward of the Castle: (fn. 8) Simon Belimer (?), Thomas Aspelon.
Folio 107 b [facieinversa.] (xxxj).
Saturday the Feast of SS. Peter and Paul [29 June], 25 Edward I. [A.D. 1297], it was ordained—in the presence of Sir John Bretun, then Warden of the City; Thomas de Suffolk and Adam de Foleham, then Sheriffs; Sirs Stephen Eswy, Richard Eswy, William le Mazeliner, Walter de Finchingfeud, Thomas Romein, Richard de Gloucester, John de Canterbury, Adam de Rokele, Salomon le Cotiler, William de Bettoyne, John de Dunstaple, Henry le Bole, and John Wade, Aldermen; and by the underwritten, viz.:—
Of the Ward of "Wabrock": Fulk de St. Edmund, Thomas de Waledene, William de Reed, William de Nettlested; (fn. 9)
Folio 107 [facieinversa.] (xxxj b).
that all and singular citizens and others residing in the City who this year paid to the lord the King the eighth penny of their goods and chattels, and others who have recently come to live and stay in the City, shall give to the collectors of the several Wards sixpence in the pound to discharge the debts of the City, viz.:—
Item, for expenses of John de Banquell going to the lord the King in parts of Scotland to conduct the Cardinal "Albin' (fn. 10) —40 marks.
Item, for an old debt due from the City to "Duratus" the merchant and his fellows of the Society of the Pulci for promise (promissione) made to the lady the Queen on the coming of the lord the King from parts of France—£24.
Folio 106 b [facieinversa.] (xxxij).
At a meeting of Aldermen, Friday the morrow of St. James, Ap. [25 July], 25 Edward I. [A.D. 1297]—John Bretun, Warden; Stephen Eswy, Richard Eswy, Nicholas de Farndone, Sir Robert de Basinge, John le Blound, William le Mazeliner, Adam de Foleham, Richard de Gloucester, Thomas Romein, William de Bettoyne, John de Dunstaple, John Wade—it was provided and ordained that the gates of the City should be kept by the underwritten Wards, viz.:—
The Ward of Alegate.
[Porsoken]. (fn. 11)
The Ward of Bissopesgate.
The Ward of Crepelgate.
The Ward of Chepe.
The Ward of Aldridesgate.
The Ward of Bredstrate.
The Ward of Cordewanerstrate.
|The gate of Neugate by||
Half the Ward of Neugate.
The Ward of Castle.
The Ward of Queenhithe.
The Ward of Cornhulle.
|The gate of Ludgate by||
Half the Ward of Ludgate.
The Ward of Vintry.
The Ward of Douuegate.
|The gate of London Bridge by||
The Ward of Bridge.
The Ward of Billinggesgate.
The Ward of Candlewystrate.
Folio 106 [facieinversa.] (xxxij b).
Whereas a great number of misdoers and disturbers of the King's peace lie hid among the good men of the City, it is ordained that the better and more discreet engaged in the several trades of the City shall cause a register to be made of all the names of masters, their apprentices and servants, and diligently inquire among themselves as to the conduct and behaviour of all and singular so engaged. And if any be found of bad repute and behaviour, and unfit to remain in the City, they shall present such in rolls to the Warden and Aldermen at the Guildhall as often as need be, that the said Warden and Aldermen may do therein as may seem best for the welfare of the City, &c.
Folio 105 b [facieinversa.] (xxxiij).
[Here follow an ordinance as to watch and ward at the City gates, a translation of which appears in the 'Memorials' (p. 35), and a Royal proclamation as to the abolition of Prisage on certain commodities. The latter is dated Monday after the Feast of St. Bartholomew (24 Aug.), 25 Edward I. (A.D. 1297), and is printed in the 'Liber Custumarum' (Rolls Series), i. 71, 72.—Editor.]
Folio 105 [facieinversa.] (xxxiij b).
[Regulations for the safe keeping and cleaning of the streets, made on Thursday after the Feast of Exaltation of H. Cross (14 Sept.), 25 Edward I. (A.D. 1297). A translation printed in the 'Memorials,' p. 34.—Editor.]
Folio 104 b [facieinversa.] (xxxiiij).
Friday after Michaelmas [29 Sept.], 25 Edward I. [A.D. 1297], it was ordained by John Bretun, Warden of the City, and the following Aldermen, viz., Stephen Eswy, Richard Eswy, John le Blound, Walter de Finchingfeud, John de Canterbury, Thomas Romein, Thomas Sely, William de Bettoyne, Thomas Cros, Salomon le Cotiler, and John de Dunstaple, that the gates of the City should be kept by the wards, and that the water of the Thames should be similarly guarded by the nearest wards as given below:—
Folio 104 [facieinversa.] (xxxiiij b).
|The water of the Thames to the east of London Bridge to be kept by||The Ward of Tower.|
|The Ward of Billinggesgate.|
|The water of the Thames to the west of London Bridge by||The Ward of Vintry|
|The Ward of Queenhithe.|
|The Ward of Castle Beynard.|
|The gate of Lodgate by||The Ward of Cordewanerstrate.|
|The Ward of Bredstrate.|
|The gate of Neugate by||The whole Ward of Nicholas de Farndone within the gate.|
|The Ward of Colemannestrete.|
|The gate of Aldridesgate by||The Ward of Aldridesgate.|
|The Ward of Walebrock Bassieshawe.|
|The gate of Crepelgate by||The Ward of Crepelgate.|
|The Ward of Chepe.|
|The gate of Bissopesgate by||The Ward of Bissopesgate.|
|The Ward of Lotheberi.|
|The merchants of Almaine upon the gate (super portam). (fn. 12)|
|The gate of Alegate by||The Ward of Alegate.|
|The Ward of Langgeburne.|
|The Ward of Limstrate.|
|The Ward of Cornhulle.|
|The gate of London Bridge by||The Ward of Bridge.|
|The Ward of Candlewystrate.|
Folio 103 b [facieinversa.] (xxxv).
Saturday the Feast of St. Andrew [30 Nov.], 26 Edward I. [A.D. 1297], John Bretun, Warden of the City, caused an assembly of all the Aldermen there present in the City and the Sheriffs, viz., Sir Robert de Basinges, citizen and knight, Sirs Stephen Eswy, Richard Eswy, William de Bettoyne, Adam de Rokele, John de Canterbury, John le Blound, Walter de Finchingfeud, Nicholas de Farndone, Richard de Gloucester, Geoffrey de Northone, Thomas Seli, Salomon le Cotiler, Thomas Romeyn, and Henry le Bole, Aldermen; John de Storteford and William de Storteford, Sheriffs, and six of the better and more discreet men of each ward [not named], and proclaimed as follows:—Whereas by the lord Edward, son of the illustrious King Edward [sic] (fn. 13) and his Council, the Barons of the Exchequer, the Bishops, the Earl of Hereford and the Earl Marshal, and other magnates of England then and there being present, injunction was laid upon him [the said John Bretun] by oath that he would keep the City of London and all the liberties and ancient customs of the same City unharmed as of old they used to have and had them, and that he would bear himself in all things as if he were Mayor in all the liberties and customs of the City aforesaid, save, however, that he should have the name of Warden (custos) in place of Mayor until he received other orders from the lord the King, who was staying in parts of Flanders engaged in his war.—And in the same assembly he restored to the Commonalty the common wharf in a ruinous condition, known as St. Botolph's Wharf, with all rents, ruins, and appurtenances.—It was adjudged and ordained by the same that three weighing-beams (statere) with their weights, recently ordained for weighing corn at the mills, be thenceforth altogether abolished.—And that the hurdles whereon they recently drew bakers through the City who had been convicted of false bread, that is to say, bread weighing less than it ought, should likewise be abolished, and that the said bakers should thenceforth have the punishment of the pillory; (fn. 14) likewise, the Tun (Thonellus (fn. 15)) recently established should be abolished and not thenceforth used.
Folio 103 [facieinversa.] (xxxv b).
John, lord of Locher', Brabant, and Lembourck, (fn. 16) to the bailiffs and Commonalty of the City of London, greeting and all that is good. We send to put you in remembrance, as to our friends, of a debt that you have long owed to Symon de le Rye, our special friend and host, and other burgesses of Gaunt, (fn. 17) as appears by your letters in his possession. We pray and require satisfaction of the same, &c. [No date].
Recital and verification under seal, by Seiger de Brelo, Prior of the Order of Preaching Friars of Ghent, and Friar John called "de Hest," Warden of the Friars Minors of the same place, dated at Ghent, the fourth day after the octave of the Epiphany [6 Jan.], A.D. 1296[-7], of a deed whereby John Adrian and Luke de Batecor, Bailiffs of London, (fn. 18) and the whole com mune (communa) of the said City covenanted to pay to William de York and Baldwin Bec, merchants of Ghent, the sum of 730 marks, part of a sum of 1,030 marks advanced by the said merchants, jointly with John, son of Alexander, and Peter called "de Curia," to King Henry III., the money to be paid out of the fine due to the King for recovering his favour, (fn. 19) by such instalments and at such times as set out, under penalty of distress. Dated in the Husting of London, (fn. 20) xiv. Kal. October [16 Sept.], A.D. 1267.
Folio 101 b [facieinversa.] (xxxvij).
Tuesday before the Sunday on which Letare Jerusalem is sung, (fn. 21) anno 26 Edward I. [A.D. 1297-8], it was ordained, in the presence of Sir John Bretun, then Warden of the City of London; John de Storteford and William de Storteford, then Sheriffs; John de Banquell, Richard Eswy, Nicholas de Farndone, John de Dunstaple, William de Bettoyne, Walter de Finchingfeud, Thomas Romein, Adam de Rokele, Adam de Foleham, John le Blound, John de Canterbury, Geoffrey de Northone, and Henry le Bole, Aldermen; [and] by four or six of each ward as follows:—
that all and singular citizens and others residing in the City, and who gave to the lord the King the ninth penny of their goods, and all others recently come to live and stay in the City shall give to the collectors appointed for that collection of their goods, viz., of every pound six pence, up to a hundred pounds, to be given to the lord the King as of right (de debito) at his coming from the parts of Flanders for his war. (fn. 22)
Recognizances of Debts, anno 3 Edward II., temp. Richard Poterel, Chamberlain, continued.
Folio 109 b (xxix). [facieinversa.]
Monday after the Feast of St. Ambrose [4 April], 3 Edward II. [A.D. 1310], came John de Hanyfeld, taverner, before the Mayor and Chamberlain and acknowledged himself bound to Thomas "des Arches" in the sum of 5 marks; to be paid, viz., one moiety at Pentecost and the other in the quinzaine of the Nativity of St. John Bapt., and unless, &c.
The same day the aforesaid John came before the Chamberlain and acknowledged himself indebted to Bernard Johan, "de vico majori," and Peter de Bourdeaux, his merchant, of Gascony, in the sum of 100s.; to be paid, viz., one moiety at the Feast of the Ascension and the other at Midsummer, &c.
Thursday before Palm Sunday [12 April] came William Servat before the Mayor, Aldermen, and Chamberlain and acknowledged himself indebted to "Fresotto" de Monte Claro and "Totto" his brother and John de Monte Claro in the sum of £24; to be paid in the quinzaine of the Nativity of St. John Bapt., &c.
The following Saturday came John Jakke, tiler, before the Chamberlain and acknowledged himself indebted to William de Leyre, Alderman, in the sum of 9s.; to be paid within the quinzaine of Easter, &c.
The following Monday came William de Hereford, armourer, and acknowledged himself indebted to Jacobin "Coudirario" (fn. 23) (?), of Milan, in the sum of 52s.; to be paid in the quinzaine of the Nativity of St. John Bapt., &c.
The vigil of Easter [17 April] came Anabilla, relict of Geoffrey de Bek, before the Mayor and Chamberlain and acknowledged herself bound to John [de] Pinza Aquila de "Jenes," (fn. 24) citizen of London, and Francis Bachemo de "Jenes" in the sum of £22; to be paid within the octave of Pentecost, &c.
The same day the above Anabilla, in the name of her late husband, acknowledged herself indebted to the above John and Francis in the sum of £45 5s. 10d., which she promised to pay as soon as she recovered the debts due to her late husband, &c. And for so doing she bound herself fide media, &c.
The same day came John le "Tapicer" de Fletestrete before the Chamberlain and acknowledged himself bound to John de Boreford in the sum of £4 7s.; to be paid within eight days of the Nativity of St. John Bapt., &c.; and unless, &c.
(Thereupon the said J. de Boreford came on 28 April, anno 4 Edward II., and acknowledged he had received of the above John le "Tapiser" the sum of 53s. 4d. of the debt; and there were delivered to the same John le "Tapicer" four new bankers, (fn. 25) which had been taken upon [super] the said debtor for the aforesaid debt, and this with the assent of the creditor.)